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  • 501.
    Troff, Benjamin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Öhrlin, Joakim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "Det han gjorde sedan har ingen någonsin upplevt": En studie av framing inom lokal sportjournalistik2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to gain greater knowledge about the use of framing in local sports journalism. We did this by doing a qualitative content analysis of the local Swedish newspaper Barometern/OT and it’s coverage of the largest local football team, Kalmar FF. We randomly selected six of the team’s games during 2014 and analysed all the texts that had to do with the games, except for shorter texts and texts that are supposed to be based on personal opinions, such as chronicles. The results show that Barometern/OT have a tendency of defending individual players and giving them positive criticism, while they much more often give negative criticism to the team as a whole. Also, we found signs that Barometern/OT contributed to creating a local imagined community by having a incomplete use of names at a few times, amongst other factors. Because of these observations we noticed that the editorial staff both contributed to creating a local imagined community and that they were a part of it themselves. 

  • 502.
    Trollmåne, Antonia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Bosson, Charlotta
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "Sverige behöver inte oroa sig - än.": En studie om hur Ryssland gestaltas i svenska medier.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to obtain an overview of how Swedish media portray other countries, and on what this depend. We believe that the media's portrayal of other countries may have some social impact. Discussions on Swedish domestic and defense policy linked to events in Russia and Ukraine, have already appeared in the Swedish media and in other forums. The essay aims to give a broad and clear picture of how the Swedish media portray Russia.

    The methods used in this thesis is quantitative and qualitative content analysis. The qualitative analysis model is influenced by discourse analysis, thematic analysis and rhetorical analysis. The study is a case study with focus on Russia. To be able to analyze the Swedish media´s portrayal of Russia we have analyzed news articles, televised news and radio broadcasted news.

    The Swedish media´s portrayal of Russia is negative, undifferentiated and uncontradicted. In Swedish media Russia is portrayed as a threat. The study shows that the Russian image in Swedish media is influenced by both history and culture as well as politics and the processes used when constructing news. The Swedish way of thinking and reporting about Russia seems to be a mindset that we take for granted and that we easily confuse with neutral information or objective facts.

  • 503.
    Turstam, Johannes
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Porali, Eric
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Saudiarabien – Sveriges problematiska partner: En studie om hur Saudiarabien gestaltas i svensk press2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor thesis was to examine how Saudi Arabia is portrayed in Swedish press. This includes the largest newspapers from the major cities of Sweden as well as the larger newspapers from the less populated areas. Since a significant amount of news in these newspapers, especially those from the less populated areas, are provided from news agencies these were included in the study as well. 

    The questions examined were: which portrayals of Saudi Arabia is used in the Swedish press and how frequently are they recurring? Does the historic relationship between Europe and Islam effect contemporary portrayals of Saudi Arabia in Swedish press and, in that case, how? Do differences in portrayals occur depending on the relationship between Sweden and Saudi Arabia in the news context?

    To approach this we conducted a quantitative framing analysis. Three frames were first identified in a qualitative study. How frequently these frames were used was then analyzed with a quantitative approach. The news articles examined were published during two news events. In 2012 information regarding the military cooperation between Sweden and Saudi Arabia surfaced causing criticism towards the Swedish regime. In 2015 the Swedish regime decided to cancel said military cooperation.

    The study showed that the historic relationship between Europe and Islam does indeed effect the portrayal of Saudi Arabia in Swedish press today. Attributes commonly associated with post colonialism and orientalism such as Muslims as barbaric and highly conservative was found. The study also found portrayals of Saudi Arabia as increasingly powerful and that this, due to the aforementioned attributes, was highly problematic.

    The “power frame”, as we chose to call it, was the most commonly used frame in both news events. The “barbaric frame” and the “conservative frame” was more commonly used in a news context were Sweden and Saudi Arabia stood in a diplomatic conflict.

  • 504.
    Tält, Nicklas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Wihlborg Ogesjö, Angelica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Den lekfulla kungen och den ansvarfulla modedockan: En studie i hur genus gestaltas i livsstilsmagasin2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this work is to examine gender rols in lifestyle magazines. In order to do this, two magazines were used and analyzed using a qualitative content analysis. In addition the authors also analyze the advertisements for each gender. Interviews in King of Sweden and Elle are also analyzed. The thesis is examined on the basis of gender theory, and theories about stereotypes and myths. This is examined by using both a detailed qualitative method and a text analysis. The magazines that were used are four issues of King of Sweden, 2012 and Elle, 2012. The result of the study shows that masculinity and femininity is something that is separate from each other. Different stereotypes, myths and metaphors could also be found in the material. One of the conclusions is that while femininity seems to be something that is associated with being something, masculinity is be something that is associated with doing something.

  • 505.
    Uddesson, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Górecka, Joanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Påklädda män och söta kvinnor: En studie i representationer av genus i tidningen Frida 20132015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This theises aims to extend the understanding of how representation of gender is produced and reproduced in the young women’s magazine Frida. We examine this through analyzing pictures of male and female celebrities in a selected number of magazines from the year of 2013. We use a quantitative analysis of the pictures, as well as a supplementary quantitative analysis of ajectives used to describe male and female celebrities in captions. We research what types of patterns we can find in these analyses that construct representations of gender, also surveying how the celebrities in the magazine look.

    Our analysis shows us that the context of Frida contains several recurring visual patterns that preserves a representation of men being superior to women. We also find that for both men and women in the magazine- their attractive exterior is their most prominent attribute. That is not only perceived visually, but also reinforced by the editorial text. The result also shows us that the celebrities shown in the Frida is a very homogeneous group, with very similar attributes. 

  • 506.
    Undhagen, Cornelia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Magnusson, Alexandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Skandalen blir bättre när tv-mysgubbar dras fram på allmänhetens giljotin: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av Expressens gestaltning av misstänkta gärningsmän vid nyhetsrapporteringen i kölvattnet av #metoo2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In October 2017, the actor Alyssa Milano announced a wish that all women who, in some way, have been sexually abused would answer their tweets with the words "me too". Almost a day later, #metoo breaks into Swedish social media. There are testimonies of countless of sexual harassments and abuse both from known, unknown and anonymous women who testify to the breadth of the major problem that came to be resembled as a revolution within the next few days.

    During the news reporting in connection with the campaign we discovered how the Swedish media generally showed differences in how suspected offenders were portrayed in the media. Using formulated analysis tools dramaturgical narrative techniques and criteria for newsworthiness from theories of media logic and theories of news value, we aim to investigate how one of the largest newspapers in Sweden, Expressen, choose to figure suspected perpetrators into sexual offenses in the context of the #metoo campaign. Our main research question is; “How do suspected offenders appear in Expressen's reporting of #metoo in relation to certain dramaturgic narrative techniques?” and “How are some suspects perpetrated in Expressen's reporting of #metoo in relation to certain news value criteria?” With a qualitative content analysis we examined a total of 20 articles and identified results that indicate that the suspected perpetrators according to our interpretation are expressed in the Expressens news reporting in such a way that they are to be perceived as guilty to the crime they're accused for.

    By identifying our chosen news value criteria in the empirical material which our study is based on, our interpretation is that there's a high news value of reporting suspected offenders in context of the #metoo campaign. The result of our study aims at contributing knowledge about how suspicious perpetrators are portrayed in cases of crime in the media. During our literature review, we found that the research previously conducted on media and crime is primarily about how the victim is portrayed in the media. With our study we want to contribute to the knowledge of how suspected perpetrators are portrayed, which can raise the awareness of how the media through different dramatic storytelling techniques and news evaluation criteria can shape news in different ways.

  • 507.
    Unosson Kortelainen, Anton
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Granath, Albert
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    En kulturell kärleksyttring eller bedrövligt för svensk fotboll?: – En studie av Sportbladets rapportering om pyroteknik2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how swedish newspapers represent the use of pyrotechnics and the users of pyrotechnics at football matches in the swedish first division. We wanted to see if there were any preconceived notions of the phenomenon and its perpetrators that could be perceived in the report in the occurence of pyrotechnics at football games. Using the methods of qualitative text analysis and critical discourse analysis we have examined 12 articles in Swedens biggest sports tabloid Sportbladet that were wrtitten in relation to events where pyrotechnics were used. These methods were used along with the theoretical framework of sensational journalism, the sports media complex and the dramaturgy of the press. The results show that the report surrounding pyrotechnics at football matches is more nuanced than our initial beliefs. There is report which supports legalising pyrotechnichs and there is report that support a ban on the users of pyrotechnics. Whether the report is more positive than negative towards the use of pyrotechnics is decided by the circumstances in which the article is written. Among other subjects we discussed whether the way in which the report on the phenomenon of pyrotechnics could have a influence on the relationship between different fractions within swedish football culture. 

  • 508.
    Valberg, Linus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Frank-Logue, Molly
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    En aktuell studie för den lilla människan: Kvantitativ innehållsanalys av Lilla Aktuellt då och nu2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the representation of interviewees according to apperance and time of apperance in the Swedish children’s news programme Lilla Aktuellt, 1994 and 2014 set out from an intersectional perspective. The thesis therefore examines whom of the interviewees that is over-and underrepresented in the programme, when it comes to the collaboration of the chosen categories: Sex, Age and Ethnicity. As researchers point out that a high frequency in appearance in media means domination and a conception of representing the norm in society

    this thesis therefore also does examine the superiority and inferiority that occures in the programme both years.

     

    The result of this thesis show that there has been changes in the representation over time. All groups of children have been given a larger amout of space while the representation of all groups of people that don’t follow the ethnical norm, basically hasn’t changed at all. Amongst the different sexes there has been a fairly more even representation over time. The overall results show that there has been a slightly more balanced distribution over time between all of the groups appearances and time of appearances. Therefore not said that there isn’t room for improvement, on the contrary there are still things to be done for a greater representation according to multiplicity and equality in Lilla Aktuellt.

     

    Of all the groups of interviewees in Lilla Aktuellt the people that are “male and not children who follow the ethnical norm” have decreased their visability most over time and are therefore the ones that have decreased their power most. The people that are “female children who don’t follow the ethnical norm” are the ones that have increased their visability most over time thus this means that they are the ones that have increased their power most over time.

  • 509.
    Viklund, Klara
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Åkerman, Sarah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Guldkvinnorna med många identiteter: En kvalitativ studie om kvällspressens rapportering kring de olympiska spelen i Pyeongchang 2018.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The motive of our study was to examine the differences and the similarities between how tabloids write about male versus female cross-country skiing participants. The main focus was to examine their adversities and successes at the Olympics in Pyeongchang 2018. The study had two main questions to analyze this: “How does Swedish tabloids report about the female and male cross-country skiing teams at the Olympics in Pyeongchang 2018?” and “How do Swedish tabloids report about the setbacks and successes regarding the Swedish cross-country skiing teams at the Olympics in Pyeongchang 2018?”. The result of our discourse analysis showed us that the tabloids present the female national team’s performance differently to how they present the male national team's performance.

    We made a discourse analysis of nine different articles from the Swedish tabloids Aftonbladet and Expressen. The tabloids write about the female national team’s performances and successes and they balance it by also writing about their setbacks. The reasoning we found as to why the tabloids writes about female athletes more in-depthly than the men is because there is a larger demand for it, owing to their huge success in the Olympics.In contrary, the articles about the male national team, the tabloids write about their setbacks without questioning underlying factors or previous training that could be the basis of their failures. The tabloids also choose to publish articles with more private themes when it comes to the female athletes. This does not occur in the articles about the male cross country national team. In the articles about the men, the tabloids choose not to include personal facts of any kind, all analysed articles deal instead with performance or setback related types of themes. 

  • 510.
    Viktor, Merell
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Max, Karlsson
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "Han är som en ung man som precis fått körkort": En studie om hur konflikten mellan Nordkorea och USA gestaltas i Aftonbladet.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor study was to examine how the conflict between USA and North Korea is framed by the swedish newspaper Aftonbladet and if there was a change in their use of frames after Donald Trump got inaugurated as president of The United States.

     

    By using framing analysis we identified three different frames, “The dictatorship as a threat against world peace”, “The careless leader” and “The incompetent leader”.

     

    We could then with a quantitative approach examine how often these frames was used by Aftonbladet and if there was a change after Donald Trump got inaugurated as president.

     

    These were the questions examined: Which frames of the conflict between North Korea and USA are used in Aftonbladet and how often are they used? Is there any difference in which frames is used after Donald Trump became president of The United States?

     

    We read 131 news articles from Aftonbladet which focused on the conflict. The period spanned from 2013-01-01 to 2017-12-07.

     

    We found that the most commonly used frame was “The dictatorship as a threat against world peace” and we could also see that after Donald Trump became president a new frame emerged, “The careless leader”.

  • 511.
    Viktorsson, Julia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Södlund, Natalie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Hjältarnas frammarsch: En komparativ retorikanalys av journalistikens gestaltade hjältar2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how heroes are constructed in two article series, “My local hero” and “Swedish Heroes”. The study intended to investigate similarities and differences between a local perspective and a national perspective, similarities and differences between the modern story of the hero and the myth of the hero and journalistic use of stereotypes. We used a rhetorical analysis to study 19 articles from Mitt i Stockholm and 7 articles from Aftonbladet. The result of our analysis showed that there are differences between the journalistic ways of describing the heroes qualities. In summary these are bravery, uniqueness, devotion, self-sacrifice and hard work. We found a pattern that showed that journalism use stereotypes in order to simplify and establish various roles in stories. The hero, as well as the battle and the vulnerable are ascribed stereotypical qualities that we consider establish these roles. We found similarities and differences regarding the journalistic way of describing the hero compared to the myth of the hero. Several dramaturgical differences was shown in the analysis. The hero did not always come from something humble but was placed straight into a battle and these stories contained a battle or a journey but not necessarily both. Our analysis also showed that the articles from Aftonbladet tended to offer stories with a focus towards details that where sensational, spectacular or shocking. Articles from Mitt i Stockholm occasionally had similar characteristics but more restrained and they often tended towards a concrete describing of the hero. 

  • 512.
    Vinberg, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Hunkvertising: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av maskulinitet i nutida modereklam2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The objective of the thesis was to examine representations of men and masculinity in fashion advertising. Furthermore it aims to investigate hidden meanings in the fashion ads related to theories surrounding masculinity, identification and the sexualisation of media. 

    Theories: The theoretical framework is based on existing theories and previous research regarding masculinity, identity, sexualisation of media and semiotics. 

    Methodology: The method used was a qualitative approach and is based on a content analysis from a semiotic perspective. The research was conducted on print advertisement campaigns for Tom Ford, Dolce & Gabbana and Versace, published between the years 2007-2015. 

    Conclusion: This thesis demonstrates that there were many common patterns between the fashion ads, many of which have been considerd feminine traits in past gender studies. According to the research, male representation in ads have both increased and gone through a shift in representation. The results of this study conclude that men in fashion ads are portrayed with traits often associated with feminine depictions and also showed that men are characterized in an objectifying manner. This was mainly identified through two different types of masculinities that cater to different viewers, one type of masculinity was found characterized as seductive and the other as an idol.

  • 513.
    Voksepp, Patrice
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Databasjournalistik – förhoppningar och farhågor: En fallstudie om införandet av databasjournalistik på en tidningsredaktion2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 514.
    Walder, Lisa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Lundholm, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "Är ditt pass köpt i Botkyrka?": En kvalitativ fallstudie av Public Service digitala nyhetsrapportering om "Jakten på papperslösa"2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines medias impact on every day racism through Agenda Setting and Framing. Prior studies on the subject are either conducted from an American perspective, or are several years of age. In this study we highlight how todays media depicts our society and how it affects the concept of the world on an individual level. The study is a content analysis of the case study on the news stories “The hunt for the unregistered immigrants”, which have been analyzed through critical discourse analysis. It builds upon studies conducted by Löwander (1997) and Brune (2004) regarding ethnic groups in the Swedish society. The result of this study suggests that Swedish public service media, SR and SVT convey an image in which ethnic minority groups are of lower value than “the white norm” in Swedish society. 

  • 515.
    Wallberg, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Joby, Aina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Att delta eller inte delta i sociala medier.: En kvalitativ studie om hur journalister på P4 Kalmar tänker kring publikinteraktion, sociala medier och den digitala klyftan.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to discuss how journalists think about the interaction with the audience in social media and the fact that it can make the traditional audience feel excluded. The study shows how journalists on P4 Kalmar is experiencing audience interaction in social media and describes how aware the journalists are about the digital divide. The results show that all of our interviewed journalists think that the interaction with the audience through social media works well and that there is awareness among journalists about the digital divide. The results also show that many of the interviewed journalists had not reflected on that parts of the audience can feel excluded by the interaction taking place in social media, but some of them could understand if parts of the audience felt that way. We consider our study as part of a research field on journalist’s interactivity with the audience through different types of media, but also as source of inspiration for future research on how the digital media becomes one with the community.

  • 516.
    walli, jamil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    analysing ISIL`s propaganda2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The emergence of “the Islamic state of Iraq and the Levant” was surprising not only because of its rapid expansion geographically across Syria and Iraq, but also because of its global influence. That`s represented in its magnetic power through gravitating large numbers of Muslim youth, from almost all around the world. Interestingly, ISIL is having the global influence that has never been witnessed in any radical group we have come to know before. And the increased affiliation is not only confined to the bodily entrance and the migration of Islamic youth to ISIL`s landscape, but also through pledging other groups the allegiance to ISIL globally, such as the most recent Boko Haram affiliation and others in the Arab world. Thus, ISIL as a glocal “group” is exerting an international activity that functions within the processes of globalization and not the opposite. The media production and prevalence of ISIL is unprecedented and is qualified to represent the initial stages of a real state media. The group has media offices assigned to each of its states with periodical visual reports, besides a newspaper called Dabiq, a prospective TV channel, alongside the heavy use of social media (Facebook, twitter) which is essential for the group`s pervasiveness. According to the Washington D.C.-based Brookings Institute ISIL has more than 46,000 hyperactive twitter accounts that work to promote the Islamic state and publish its news, videos, and infographics (Lewis, 2015). Moreover, the great attention given to ISIL`s propaganda globally from both western and eastern media channels, is increasing its informational influence and offering it a free critical publicity.The research of this phenomenon will be based on three critical theories, and they are directly interrelated to the studied case, starting with 1- propaganda and the role of the psychological warfare accompanying the physical exertion of power. 2- Terrorism, as a controversial social phenomenon and its implication on the social life and modernity. Besides, 3- globalization, the role of media and means of the flow of information globally with the domination of few western media conglomerates on the global media markets, and the types of any possible counter flow.The methodologies that are going to be used to analyze “the Islamic state`s” media products are basically semiotics, and critical discourse analysis CDA.Thus, the study would provide us with a synopsis, a better and deeper understanding of the “Islamic state`s” media (movies). And how has this propaganda machinery exploited modern technologies to bear highly persuasive messages, with preeminent impact on the prospect propahandees`perception, attitudes and reflexes alike? The movies were produced to operate monolithically with three different but correlating mechanisms. First, by clinging a set of religious, perceptible and psychological codes with direct indices. Second, by depending on the synergy of these codes functioning interdependently altogether. And the third mechanism is by following a specific strategy or schema for all the movies, by applying few specific mechanics to found a typical structure of all the propagandizational films. However, ISIL`s audio-visual products reflect an apparent professionalism with high-profile vile innovation. The most distinguished aspect of these movies is their technological/digital modelling, what makes them simulate video games in order to be more attractive and appealing to young men. Thus, addressing young generations with their selfsame standards, manners, tendencies, and lingo.

  • 517.
    Wallinder, Gustaf
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Segerdahl, Joel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "Syns man inte så finns man inte": En kvalitativ studie om nyhetsintresse i ett underbevakat område: Berättelser från sex invånare i Gäddede2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study aims to show how six people in Gäddede, Sweden, perceive the local media’s coverage. This study is based on interviews with six people residing in Gäddede. The central part of this study is to investigate the magnitude of these six people’s interest in local and national news, how the current coverage from media affects their national social inclusion in society as a whole and finally describes the six people’s faith towards the media in the region. Our theoretical framework has been inspired by similar studies regarding the importance of local news, with the difference that we focused on the perspective of the people we interviewed and the stories they told us.

    We found that the majority of these six people we interviewed thought the news coverage of Gäddede is low and that is a factor of the social exclusion they feel for the society in general. Some stories from these people indicate that they have low faith in media. There is a strong interest in news of the people we interviewed, but they feel there is an absence of local news. Therefore the people will find other ways to get that information.

  • 518.
    Warin, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Den svenska självmordsrapporteringen: En kvantitativ jämförelse mellan kvälls- och morgontidningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study suicide reporting in the swedish evening- and morning papers was compared during a six month coverage. The purpose of this study was to see what similarities and differences that existed in the two different types of newspapers. The content of suicide reporting are important given that several studies show that suicide reporting can influence copycat suicides, where people who take part of the media content can be influenced to copy a reported suicide. A quantitative content analysis was used over six months of suicides articles in the newspapers Aftonbladet, Expressen, Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet. The results showed that evening and the morning papers in many ways has similar suicide reporting, the differences that existed was that evening papers to a lesser extent than the morning papers reported on informative articles and evening papers has more articles about suicide events. Evening papers have more frequent articles about suicidal thoughts, and widely known persons attempted to commit suicide, than the morning papers. Both morning and evening newspapers have more cases of suicide where non-famous people were reported. Results from previous studies shows that newspapers report more frequently about suicide methods who are sensational and deviant than if the methods that are commonly used in real life. The picture is consistent with the results from this study, which the newspapers do not describe reality but portray it. Dagens Nyheter is a magazine who stand out in parts of the results. The newspaper has a lower suicide reporting and give suicidal content less space. When the paper touches the subject, it is usually to educate or provide information. Common to all the newspapers in the sample is that they usually monitor suicide by suicidal events.

  • 519.
    Wass, Ronnie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Tudeen, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Att tackla sociala medier: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med personer som påverkats negativt vid användningen av sociala medier samt om deras hanteringsstrategier2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last couple of years’ social media has come to have an influential role in our lives. With the broad use questions has raised if social media use can have negative effects. We have seen a recurrent tendency in media and society that encourage people to overlook their social media use and seen cases of people reducing their private social media use. The purpose of this study is to examine attitudes in young adults whom have taken a break from social media or reduced their usage. Furthermore, we wanted to distinguish what types of strategies they have used when they renounced from social media. With a qualitative approach we interviewed five young adults that had waived from social media during different periods of time due to negative usage experiences. We examined our empirical material along side with previous research on social media, Goffman’s impression management theory and Nanna Gillberg’s notion on Bourdieu’s forms of capital. We found that people tend to see the opportunity of impression control as something tedious and time consuming which had lead to a diminished use of social media. When tackle this aspect of social media, it came down to reducing your usage to an extent without having to compromise the possibility social media offers to keep in contact with friends. 

  • 520.
    Wedelin, Linnea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    ”Hon är min bästa tjejkompis”: En narrativanalys av kärlek och genus i Kamratposten2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Kamratposten is a swedish magazine aimed at youth aged 8-14. They write about almost everything that concerns youth, all the way from dealing with loneliness to animals and celebrities. This study concentrates at how they write about love. With a qualitiative narrative analysis of the 12 articles that concerns love from the 2013 issues of Kamratposten, I have tried to answer the questions: - What narratives about love are being constructed in Kamratposten 2013?

    - How do they construct males, females and gender in their articles about love?

    What I found was that the hetero normativity, or the heterosexual matrix as Judith Butler calls it, was very strong in the articles. Only 1 out of 12 articles concerned homosexual love and none mentioned other sexual orientations. There is also a strong division with girls and boys, whom are often separated through their relationships as lovers or friends. A girl friend is not the same as a boy friend. This is a narrative about what Yvonne Hirdman (2001) calls the first rule of manliness: A man is not a woman. (s. 48) Besides from that, the gender roles constructed in Kamratposten is not very traditional nor stereotypical, with boys being sensitive and lost and girls being active and experts. On one hand, Kamratposten’s stories about love constructs a traditional picture about love and boys and girls, with heterosexual relationships as the norm, and on the other hand they are telling a story about norm breaking gender roles. 

  • 521.
    Werner, Ann
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Hoffart, Amund Rake
    Örebro University.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Linköping University.
    Økland, Jorunn
    Norwegian Institute at Athens, Greece .
    Constructing Terminology and Defining Concepts for Gender Studies in Norway and Sweden2018In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 142-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This position paper is written by four key researchers from two projects (one in Norway and one in Sweden) aiming to define and discuss terms and concepts in Gender Studies. It is inspired by the concept of dialogue as a method of academic writing and discusses the methods, results, challenges, and choices made in the two projects. While they both aimed to create and discuss a vocabulary for Gender Studies and gender research, the projects took shape from different approaches, and produced different results. In this position paper, we want to discuss the meaning of doing conceptual work and deciding on definitions of terms. Our aim is not to determine which approach is “better”, but rather to understand how the field of Gender Studies and gender research is being built.

  • 522.
    Wessels, Bridgette
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism. Newcastle University, UK.
    Ekelin, Annelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Kempe, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Forsberg, Anette
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Ringfjord, Britt-Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Wahlberg, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Regional press as “trust anchor” in global digital communication: the voices of journalism in Southern Sweden2018In: Problems and Solutions for Producing Local News in the Digital Age: A Comparative Perspective in Proceedings of the 68th Conference by the Information and Communication Association (ICA) in Prague May 24-28. / [ed] Joy Jenkins, Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism,Oxford University, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The RegPress project found that in Southern Sweden, the regional press maintains high and stable levels of sales, fulfills a “watchdog” role, and takes part in community building. The RegPress project used mixed methods to study media audiences, conducting 67 qualitative interviews, nine focus groups, and a survey of 9,000 people. It found that readers draw on a range of media sources, and they see the regional press as a “trust anchor” in a global digital world. As a trust anchor, the regional press acts as a point of reference for readers to access news and debate. They develop media practices based on this understanding as they engage with civic, political, and cultural issues. Trust anchors also help readers interpret information from social media and other sources. The voices of journalism in regional press are therefore located dynamically amongst local people, issues, and interests as well as other media sources.

  • 523.
    Wessels, Bridgette
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism. Newcastle University, UK.
    Ekelin, Annelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Kempe, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Forsberg, Anette
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Ringfjord, Britt-Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Wahlberg, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    RegPress project final report: the role and value of regional press in a global media culture2017Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the project was to understand the role of regional media in southeast Sweden. The regional press have had a strong presence and has been part of the regional life since 1841.

    The print media has for long had a significant influence in society as a fourth estate. The daily press has long been engaged in critical analysis of social phenomena and authority and acted to help increase community involvement. Even on the basis of this strong position the regional press face a number of challenges such as increased convergence and maintain storage numbers, selling advertising space and maintain their distribution areas.

    The project  addressed the emerging issue of what role and value regional media has in our modern media society. How do the media connect with the local population? How does journalism ensure and promote diversity in the media presentation and prevents discontinuity in the global media age?REGPRESS is funded through a partnership between the Barometern Foundation, Linnaeus University and Fojo Media Institute (FOJO).

    The project started in 2015 and completed in october 2017.

  • 524.
    Westerberg, Lia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Musikjournalistik 2.0: En studie om musikjournalistens roll i det digitala medielandskapet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the professional role of the music journalist today, how it has been affected by the development of Internet and formats as social media.The aim of this study is to examine the music journalist point of view of how their profession is possibly affected by the expansion of Internet and social media.

    Through qualitative research interviews with seven, all active music journalists with analysis based on the gatekeeping theory combined with research on the subject music journalism and social media I have seen a development of the profession.

    The most important conclusion was that social media is becoming a major influence in reporting no matter format of music journalism but in different ways for journalists with different aims of publishing themselves as profiles or not. The advantages of the digital expansion conquers the concequences and the profession aim to develop - not transform or lose its relevance. 

  • 525.
    Westerlund, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Westerlund, Hampus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Media For President: En studie om svensk kvällspress gestaltning av de tre största partierna efter valet år 2014 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine how the Swedish tabloids portray three of Sweden’s parliamentary parties - The Swedish Moderate Party, The Social Democrat Party and The Swedish Democrat Party. By distinguishing if the media framing of the political parties follows the political logic or the media logic, a greater understanding and awareness of the relation between citizens’ trust of political parties and the media, can be reached. The study is based on a quantitative content analysis of 610 published articles in the two largest Swedish tabloids - Aftonbladet and Expressen. The study is based on a theoretical framework that includes mediation, the medialization theory, the agenda setting theory and the framing theory. The result indicates that media logic is most frequently used in the portrayal of the Swedish parlamentary parties in the Swedish tabloids. This study shows that media logic is applied in 77 % of the articles, compared to political logic that is applied in 21 %, of the 610 articles gathered during the research process of this thesis. The results show no significant differences between the tabloids, however the framing of the three political parties differ. The Swedish Democrat party is portrayed more often in a scandalous perspective than the other two parties, and more rarely through issue framing. By applying the theory of Strömbäck (2103b), the result of this study indicates that the tabloids framing should affect the citizens’ political opinions and trust.

  • 526.
    Widehed, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    En stad. Många skuggor.: En studie av Sydsvenskans rapportering i Malmö2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay has been to study if all the districts in the city of Malmoe get to be seen in the city’s biggest newspaper, Sydsvenskan. Is the reporting proportional? What images is the newspaper offering the citizens? Do they match the reality? Or are some parts of Malmoe in the dark, in a media shadow?

    Research done in the past has shown that Stockholm in many ways is in a media shadow. The same pattern was shown in Gothenburg. It has also been argued that the district Rosengård in Malmoe has suffered the same treatment. This essay studies if this also applies to the whole city of Malmoe.

    With a quantitatively and a qualitatively perspective, four weeks of articles have been analyzed. This essay holds the answers to what subjects and which people are represented in the paper. It studies if the reporting is proportional and explains what images are offered from the different parts of Malmoe.

    The conclusions show that several parts of Malmoe are in a media shadow, exposed to unilateral and in some cases non-existing reporting, leaving the citizens with an untrue image of their city.

  • 527.
    Widetoft, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Rundgren, Clara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Den komplexa skolan: En studie om informella processers betydelse för internkommunikationen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problem: De informella processernas betydelse för internkommunikationen i en skolorganisation.  

    Syfte: Få en förståelse kring vilken betydelse informella processer har för internkommunikationen och hur de informella processerna flödar inom en skolorganisation.

    Metod: Kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer med 12 personer som framkommit ur ett strategiskt bekvämlighetsurval.

    Resultat: Huvuddrag från resultatet bygger på bristande internkommunikation, många subkulturer, dominerande informell kommunikation, en mängd kommunikationskanaler, otillräcklig socialisering samt icke nåbara rektorer med skiftande ledarskap.

    Slutsats: Undersökningen utgår från resonemanget att alla de informella processerna är lika viktiga i en organisation för att dess internkommunikation ska fungera. Vi konstaterar att detta inte stämmer helt och hållet, vår undersökning visar att det är kulturen som är den mest framträdande processen för internkommunikationen. Det fastslås av subkulturernas starka roll, bristande socialisering samt att ledarskapet inte är anpassat till den nuvarande situationen.

  • 528.
    Winberg, Carl
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Lund, Mattias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Lär av dina misstag!: En undersökning av organisatoriskt lärande vid krishantering.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    INTRODUKTION: Alla organisationer drabbas någon gång av en kris. Kriser kan uppfattas som väldigt negativa perioder i en organisation men faktum är att varje kris erbjuder lärdomar, det vill säga om organisationen är kapabel att fånga de lärdomarna.

    MÅL: Målet med vår uppsats är att studera organisatorisk lärande ur ett kriskommunikationsperspektiv då vi är intresserade av hur organisationer lär sig och vilken betydelse detta har för deras krishantering. Syftet med denna uppsats är att bidra med ökad förståelse för hur organisationer kan förebygga och förhindra kriser genom att dra lärdom och ta fasta på tidigare erfarenheter och misstag genom aktivt lärande.

    PROBLEM: Hur lär sig organisationer av kriser? Vilka hinder finns för organisationslärande? Vilken betydelse har kommunikation för organisationslärande och organisationsminnet? Vilka kommunikativa möjligheter går att utvinna ur en kris?

    METOD: I studien har vi använt oss av en kvalitativ metod, nämligen respondentintervjuer med fem representanter från tre stora svenska organisationer. Den insamlade empirin har vi sedan analyserat för att finna tendenser på hur organisationer lär sig, hinder mot organisationslärande, kommunikationens roll och krisens möjligheter.

    RESULTAT: Vi fann att organisationer lär på två olika sätt, i kris och utanför kris.Vi fann också sex olika hinder som förhindrar eller försvårar organisationslärande. Dessa har vi valt att kalla: mandat från ledningen, förändringar i organisationen, brist på öppenhet, omedvetet arbete med organisationslärande, höjt tempo och helhetssyn.

    För att organisationer ska kunna skapa ett effektivt organisationslärande kan vi också konstatera att kommunikationen är avgörande, det är det sammanfogande kittet. Slutligen fann vi tre olika aspekter av lärande som organisationer lär sig i kriser ur ett kommunikationsperspektiv, först och främst lär de sig allmänt om kriser, de lär sig om krisers allmänna karaktär och hur den ska hanteras. Kriser bidrar också med en ökad förståelse av kommunikationens betydelse i framförallt utsatta situationer som kriser men också kommunikationens allmänna betydelse för en stor organisations funktionalitet. Slutligen erbjuder kriser ett tillfälle för organisationer att testa sin krisberedskap, kriser ger ökad förståelse om hur den fortsatta krisorganisationen ska se ut för att fungera effektivt.

    NYCKELORD: Kriskommunikation, Organisationslärande, Organisationsminne, Barriärer mot lärande, Krishantering, Lärandeprocesser.

  • 529.
    Winter, Michelle
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Persson, Josephine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Prené, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    The Disney Cliché: Relationsdynamik i Disneys animerade filmer från 2000-talet ur ett genusperspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Disney is one of the largest media companies in the world. They have been critizied for portrayting men, women and love relationships with stereotypical behaviours and attributes. This may lead to negative effects on childrens and adolescents perception of reality. The purpose of this study was to investigate how Disney portrays the dynamic between the characters within the love relationship in their movies launched in the 21st century. This study has examined four movies released in the 21st century containing a love relationship between a man and a woman. Movies examined were; Atlantis - The Lost Empire, The Princess and the Frog, Tangled and Frozen.

    For this study, a quantitative content analysis with qualitative elements was applied to answer the purpose and issue of the study. The study measured the frequency of the characters activities and actions when they are with and without each other, what they are doing together and who is the initiator of classical love actions.

    The results for this study presented interesting patterns. Both female and male characters were often portrayed with stereotypical behaviuors in Disneys animated movies. However, these patterns differed when the characters were with and without each other. When the characters were together, the female characters tended to be portrayed with more male attributes, whilst the male characterstended to be portrayed with more female attributes. Additionally, Disney tend to portray love relationships in a stereotypical and unrealistic way.

  • 530.
    Wirén, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Svärd, Ulrika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Det var en gång en rasist...: En narrativ analys av Billströmskandalen i Aftonbladet och DN:s ledarartiklar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The 18th of March 2013, an interview with the immigration minister of Sweden, was published in one of Sweden's largest newspapers. The interview consisted of a number of questions regarding Sweden's immigration policy, the issue with undocumented refugees in particular. The minister stated “Sometimes we have the picture that the hidden refugee is staying with a nice, blond lady in her fifties or sixties who wants to help. But that is not the case. Most of them are staying with their fellow citizens who are in fact not blond or blue eyed.” 

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the controversy of the statement through theories of scandal, agenda-setting and framing. The conflict that is presented in both newspapers is the question of if the minister should resign or not.

    The method we have used is the narrative analysis, which we apply on both Aftonbladet and Dagens Nyheter, and how their head articles show a certain angle of the scandal. The result of our study is that the reader will visualize two different views of the scandal depending on which newspaper they read. Aftonbladet shows a more bias picture towards the minister and claims that he is a full-blooded racist. Dagens Nyheter’s outcome is that Billström is incompetent and a fool.

  • 531.
    Wolke, Louise
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Widell, Desirée
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    A watchdog on the loose: A qualitative study of the journalistic profession inthe UK after the phone hacking scandal2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 532.
    Yngvesson, Anton
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Tisjö, Lindah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "En galning råkade finnas i staden": En kvalitativ framinganalys av Aftonbladets gestaltning av gärningsmannen bakom skolattacken i Trollhättan2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    On October 22, 2015, a masked man entered the primary school Kronan in Trollhättan and stabbed three people to death with a knife and a sword. Shortly after the attack the perpetrator was shot to death by the police. The event received a great deal of spatial attention in Swedish media and has been called the worst school attack in Swedish history. The twenty-one-year-old perpetrator had grown up in Trollhättan and it is his origin that is of interest in this study. The aim of this study is to examine how a perpetrator of native origin is portrayed in a Swedish medium. Previous research, which shows that there is a difference between how a perpetrator of native origin is portrayed compared to a foreign one, is used as background. According to these studies media often focuses on the perpetrator’s ethnicity and descent if the person is of foreign origin. Through a qualitative framing analysis we examine how the perpetrator in Trollhättan is portrayed in Sweden’s largest news website, namely aftonbladet.se. We explore how the perpetrator's ethnicity and origin are expressed and which of the perpetrator's characteristics are focused on by Aftonbladet. Through framing analysis we also explore how the perpetrator is portrayed from an us-and-them perspective, and how ideas and concepts are personalized through him. The results of this study show that the male perpetrator who is of native origin in the case Trollhättan is portrayed as a lone maniac who committed an act of evil and that Aftonbladet focused on his personal circumstances, for example that he had issues socializing.

  • 533.
    Zetterberg, Emil
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Petersson, Emil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Den prestigefyllda bildens skådespel: En historisk jämförelse av World Press Photo of the Year2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of our study was to examine which news images the media industry choose to reward. The World Press Photo Awards is an anual competition in which a jury of professional photo journalists appoints a winner among over 90 000 contributions. We have studied twelve pictures that have won World Press Photo of the Year over the time span of six decades to explore the characteristics of the winning pictures, but also to give a perspective over time. For the purpose of our study, we took a closer look at the roles of the people in the pictures, as well as the attributes and contexts related to them.

     

    Our findings indicate that myths seem to play a central part in the telling and retelling of stories. The tradgedy of human lives is a reoccurring element, and the people are in most cases depicted in a negative context. The story of the victim, for example, was common in the winning pictures.

     

    We could see that civilians frequently appears in photographs, especially suffering children who often stands as a symbol of weakness. As connected to the mishap of people, our research found similarities to other studies focusing on how news stories speak to our compassion and emotions.

  • 534.
    Ådemo, Julia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Blixt, Moa
    En het potatis: En kvalitativ fallstudie om journalistikens gestaltning av mediedebatten kring fallet Mr Cool2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to examine the different portrayals in Swedish journalism about a case with a controversial topic. The analyzed case in this study focuses on the provocative rapper Mr Cool and his song about sexual intercourse with a child and the following mediated debate about freedom of speech and morality. The research questions examined were: How does the media frame the meta-debate about Mr Cool? We picked 16 articles and analyzed them with a qualitative content analysis method using framing theory and argumentation techniques in order to be able to examine how the debate were portrayed by the media. We also used the moral panic concept to get a deeper understanding of the mechanics of topics the society is concerned with. We have found that the participants of the debate handled the subject differently and with different strategies, depending on which side they would support. The central discussion was about personal taste, boundary making and the consequences of silencing what is thought to be offensive. The results of the analysis agrees with previous studies and theories in the field when it comes to moral panics and fear as a natural part of our society. History is likely to repeat itself but with other motives and other fears.

  • 535.
    Åhlund, Fanny
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Bergström, Mikaela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Mer hat – mindre prat?: En studie om hur näthat påverkar de drabbades vilja till självcensur och deltagande i det offentliga rummet.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The discussions about cyber hate has become a burning question, and there is an increasing debate about the conflict of interests between the freedom of speech and how to avoid online content that offends the personal integrity. It is often reported that celebrities have been targets of the harmful comments, but cyber hate is something that can affect us all. 

    With the development of the Internet, more people have been able to make their voice heard and to participate actively in the public debate. Scientists believe that the Internet promotes a free exchange of opinions and improves democracy. The question is though whether it actually could lead to the opposite? The climate on the Internet gets tougher, and we see that some people use the social media comment fields in order to hurt and offend others. There is a risk that the fear of becoming a victim of cyber hate becomes greater than the will to say what you want, without limitations. This leads to widespread self-censorship and that people might feel inhibited when expressing themselves on the Internet.

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate a possible link between cyber hate and self-censorship, in relation to the public space and free, open and respectful debates. Through this paper we have found that there is a relationship between cyber hate and the degree of self-censorship. People affected by cyber hate tend to increase their way of censoring themselves when publishing on the Internet, although in different ways and extent.

  • 536.
    Åkesson, Elin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Olsson, Lotta
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    In dialogue with Africa: A quantitative study on students at Linnaeus University from the perspective of the Digital Divide2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to determine whether the targeted university students have a more equal picture regarding Africa than what the Swedish society in general has, which by Sida’s researches has shown to be an oldfangled picture. The research is based on a quantitative method in terms of a survey that in total reached out to 286 responding students at the Linnaeus University in Växjö. The theoretical framework is based on the Digital Divide, Diffusion of Innovation and The model of Newsworthiness.

    The research discusses the oldfangled picture of Africa that remains within the Swedish society, why it remains and what different characters that is to be blamed for the formation, as well as it presents optional efforts that could be used to update the picture of Africa.

    The result from the survey shows that neither do Swedish students at the Linnaeus University possesses a more updated picture, even though they are said to belong to a privileged group in the society, in the manner of access to information from both media, education, Internet and other diverse sources. We conclude that there is a gap in the information distribution regarding Africa, what information that is available for the Swedish society is mostly negative and oldfangled. What can be argued to be an optional solution to this remaining problem is a closure of the digital divide, which would provide an important interpersonal communication channel that is missing today. This is further explained in the thesis with support of earlier researches together with theories and result. 

  • 537.
    Åstrand, Caroline
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Birgersson, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "We should be a lot angrier": A case study of the Marikana shootings2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim with this study was to examine how the Marikana massacre, the killings of 34 mineworkers in August 2012, was portrayed in the news media in South Africa. We based our study on a discourse analysis of a selection of articles written at the time of the massacre. We have also used interviews with two journalists who covered the Marikana massacre, to gain further insight in journalistic decisions regarding the coverage.

    Through theories and earlier research we have analysed the content, among others we have used Burton’s theory of self-regulation and Gramsci’s theory of media hegemony. The findings of the discourse analysis show that newspapers have covered the incident from different angles, in accordance with the different conflicts that the massacre contains. We found a conflict between the police and miners as they are both portrayed as victims and the criminals in the articles. The second conflict between the largest unions and the third among the politicians Jacob Zuma and Julius Malema.

    We have concluded that there is a political discourse and the political key players have used the massacre as means to gain political support. Through the discourse analysis we have also found that newspapers are at times critical towards government and authorities. 

  • 538.
    Åström, Alexander
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Hallberg, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Ola Rapace verkar ju lycklig, men hur gör då jag för att också bli det?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines which media messages related to happiness that can be found in interviews with famous people in the four largest lifestyle magazines in Sweden for the age group 16-34. The magazines are Cosmopolitan, Elle, Café and King. Depending on which magazine the reader chooses to read he/she will be presented with different roads to happiness. Common for all examined magazines are happiness factors related to personal goals, determination and work. Often in a causal connection where the goal orientation and determination is tied together with success in work and career for the interview persons. Cosmopolitan and King present relatively few roads to happiness in comparison with Elle and especially Café. One factor for happiness is the ability to choose your own road to happiness (Bok 2011). This means that Cosmopolitan and King from the perspective of their interview texts do not promote happiness to the same degree as Café and Elle.

  • 539.
    Örlegård, Petra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Nyhetsdiskurser om döva: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys och diskursanalys om medierepresentationer av döva och dövhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the news discourses to find out how deaf people and/or deafness is represented and analyses how the discourses might be affected by or influence common attitudes and prejudices about deaf people and/or deafness. First, however, this study analysed the contents of the news articles quantitatively in order to find frequencies of different news topics with references to deaf people and/or deafness and whether deaf people were allowed to talk or not. After the content analysis, ten articles were selected for the discourse analysis.

     

    The results of the content analysis show that deaf people are represented and allowed to talk in most of the articles, but that hearing people are also represented in a majority of the articles. Most articles are about culture and personalities, but there are also articles about for example sign language and hearing devices. Most deaf people are represented as individuals, but they are also represented as representatives for the deaf and as both individuals and representatives.

     

    The discourse analysis shows that deaf people are represented as a linguistic and cultural minority in both cultural and personal discourses but represented as broken and in need of being fixed for integration in society in medical discourses. In medical discourses, only experts talk about deafness and no deaf people are represented. In other discourses, both deaf and hearing people talk about deaf people, sign language and deaf culture. In some of the discourses, however, it is clear that deaf people are represented from the hearing viewpoint on deafness. There were discursive discrimination of deafness in medical discourses but occurred rarely in other discourses except when the medical view on deafness is present. Deaf people are represented as a minority distinct from the hearing majority in most articles and some of the cultural discourses show attempts to build a bridge between the deaf world and the hearing society. The majority of the discourses point to pluralism as a social practice but some of those discourses also point to inclusion and exclusion as social practices. The medical discourses however point to both assimilation and exclusion as social practices. 

  • 540.
    Öst, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Johansson, Esmeralda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Nyheter på 10 sekunder: En socialsemiotisk analys av CNNs stories på Snapchat2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Journalism as we know it today is facing massive change. Technological advances have enabled new ways of delivering news which differ from traditional means in both practical and content-related matters. This bachelors thesis intended to obtain greater understanding of how journalistic content manifested itself on the new media platform Snapchat. We chose to conduct a socialsemiotic analysis of six of CNNs “stories” on the platform and their corresponding content on CNNs website. By doing this we could distinguish a signifigant change in both magnitude and form. Compared to the corresponding content the stories contained less information and indicated a higher level of sensation and dramatics. In addition we found that information not conveyed in the stories text could appear in other modalities such as image or music. This suggests a different way of storytelling in news media when distributed on this new platform.

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