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  • 51.
    Andersson, Staffan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bergh, Andreas
    Lund University ; Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    Erlingsson, Gissur ó
    Linköping University.
    Korruption, maktmissbruk och legitimitet i mogna demokratier2014In: Korruption, maktmissbruk och legitimitet / [ed] Staffan Andersson, Andreas Bergh, Gissur Ò Erlingsson, Mats Sjölin, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 2, p. 15-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Andersson, Staffan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bergh, Andreas
    Lund University ; Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó
    Linköping University.
    Vad kan vi läras oss?2014In: Korruption, maktmissbruk och legitimitet / [ed] Andersson, Staffan, Andreas Bergh, Gissur Ó Erlingsson, Mats Sjölin, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 2, p. 263-278Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 53.
    Andersson, Staffan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bergh, AndreasLund University ; Research Institute of Industrial Economics.Erlingsson, Gissur ÓLinköping University.Sjölin, MatsLinnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Korruption, maktmissbruk och legitimitet2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 54.
    Andersson, Staffan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bergman, Torbjörn
    Södertörns högskola.
    Ersson, Svante
    The European Representative Democracy Data Archive, Release 2. Main sponsor: Riksbankens Jubileumsfond (In2007-0149:1-E). [www.erdda.se]2013Other (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Andersson, Staffan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bergman, Torbjörn
    Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå universitet.
    Ersson, Svante
    Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå universitet.
    The European Representative Democracy Data Archive, Release 32014Other (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Andersson, Staffan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bromander, Tobias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Legitimate and legal boundaries for political entrepreneurship2016In: Political entrepreneurship: regional growth and entrepreneurial diversity in Sweden / [ed] Karlsson, Charlie; Silander, Charlotte; Silander, Daniel, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, p. 21-39Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 57.
    Andersson, Staffan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bromander, Tobias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Politiska entreprenörer, nätverk och intressekonflikter2015In: Politiskt entreprenörskap: Den offentliga sektorns sätt att skapa bättre förutsättningar för entreprenörskap lokalt, regionalt och nationellt / [ed] Silander, Daniel & Silander, Charlotte, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2015, p. 133-152Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 58.
    Andersson, Staffan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ò.
    Linköping University.
    Förvaltningsreformer och korruptionsrisker2014In: Korruption, maktmissbruk och legitimitet / [ed] Andersson, Staffan, Andreas Bergh, Gissur Ó Erlingsson, Mats Sjölin, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 2, p. 192-234Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 59.
    Andersson, Tove
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Radikalt jämställdhetsarbete?: En idealtypsanalys av Sveriges regerings och Europeiska unionens strategier för att bekämpa mäns våld mot kvinnor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this following study is to clarify the Swedish Government´s as well as the European Union's ideological starting point in gender equality work. The study is limited to the gender equality objective of men's violence against women. It addresses the respective strategies of the institutions to combat gender based violence. The approaches of the institutions are compared to show similarities and differences in its approach to the gender equality problem.

     

    This study is a text analysis which aims to examine feminist expressions in the strategic frameworks of the institutions with the use of ideal types. Radical feminism and liberal feminism represent the two ideal types. The purpose of these two ideal types is to enable an estimate of how far or close the institutions are in relation to the ideal types.

     

    The governmental strategies of Sweden are ideologically closer to radical feminism than liberal feminism meanwhile the strategies of the European union are closer to liberal feminism. The discernable similarity between the institutions is that they both wish to make public reforms. However, it is reasonable that Sweden complements those with social changes with focus on structures and gender norms. The government of Sweden therefore includes a wider variety of actors in their gender equality work. The study concludes with a discussion about the result in relation to the feminist theory approach and gendered institutions. 

  • 60.
    Andersson-Hanna, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Politisk sekterism i Libanon: En fallstudie av Taif-avtalet och den konsociationella demokratins hållbarhet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aiming to contribute to the discourse on the sustainability of consociational democracy in plural societies, this case study provides an examination of Lebanon’s power sharing model. The study begins with an evaluation of the Taif Agreement. After acknowledging its effect on Lebanon’s consociational system the function and operation of Lijphart’s four consociational elements are analyzed. From these evaluations one can argue that power-sharing principles have helped Lebanon to maintain a relative calm after its civil war, but also that they have failed in generating national cohesion and a strong state. A re-emerging proposition in this study is hence that consociationalism has been both a solution and an impediment to the development of Lebanon.

  • 61.
    Anechiarico, Frank
    et al.
    Hamilton College, USA ; City University of New York, USA.
    Andersson, Staffan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Shaping the state to private purposes: A comparison of conflicts of interest in the United States and Sweden2016In: Legal but Corrupt: A new perspective on public ethics / [ed] Frank Anechiarico, Lanham: Lexington Books, 2016, p. 29-53Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 62.
    Anell, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ett partilöst Sverige?: En studie om svenska partiers medlemsutveckling2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A group of scientist, called the council of democracy in Sweden made a prediction

    about members of political parties, in 2013 members should not exist. In this essay

    that statement going to be questioned. It shows that most of the political parties loses

    members in Sweden. The only differences from year 2000 and now is that in 14 years

    the parties has lost 65000 members, between 1991-1999 it was about 220000

    members. Something has changed. After researching about the confidence of political

    organs, the voter turnout, campaign parties, care of members in political parties and

    the state funding, it becomes clear why the parties loses members. The conclusion is

    that people do not identify them self with parties as they use to in the past, parties do

    not take care of the members enough for them to stay and the discussion about

    ideology has gone missing. About the statement, it shows that there are political

    members today and because of the changes in the confidence in politics and rise of

    new political parties it is hard to see a point when all members will leave. There is

    going to be a minimum point in the future, but it is difficult to say a point zero.

  • 63.
    Ansar, Jasmin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Modernisation and Mongolia: A case study on Inglehart’s and Welzel’s modernisation theory and the democratisation of Mongolia2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a theory testing study that aims to examine to what extent modernisation promotes democratisation. This is done by applying and testing aspects of Inglehart’s and Welzel’s revised modernisation theory to a case study of a specific country, namely Mongolia. The aspects studied are 1) trust in politicians and the political system, 2) how widespread literacy is within the nation and 3) the mass belief among the Mongolian people.

    The study shows that elements of each aspect are present in Mongolia and that they have indeed influenced the country’s democratisation.

    The study concludes by summarising the result of each aspect and stating that Mongolia’s democracy is still developing.

  • 64.
    Anton, Joelson
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Hur kan den våldsbejakande radikaliseringsprocessen motverkas?: En komparativ fallstudie mellan Moderaternas - och Socialdemokraternas politiska förslag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 65.
    Ardehed, Nils
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Conspirator-in-Chief: Är President Donald Trump en konspirationsteoretiker?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The 2016 American presidential election sent shockwaves through the world. Hillary Clinton the candidate that most experts predicted where going to win was beaten by a boisterous real estate developer from New York, Donald Trump. The language employed by president Trump both during and after his presidential campaign has been highly controversial, especially with the allusion to different forms of conspiracy theories. This essay investigates how Donald Trump alludes to conspiracy theories in relation to the Mueller investigation.

  • 66.
    Ardhamre, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kvinnlig representation: Beskrivningar från Miljöpartiet, Moderaterna, Kristdemokraterna och Socialdemokraterna2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this qualitative text analysis paper the author examined how the Swedish Green party, the Moderate party, the Christian Democrats and the Swedish Social Democratic party described female representation during the years 2001-2013 at their party congresses. With party strategic categories constructed by Lena Wägnerud and one self-constructed category with the help of works by Ann Phillips a total of 5 categories was used to separate the different statements regarding female representation. The categories were attack, win voters, comparisons, bragging and other. The results of the study show that the focus of female representation has shifted from a focus on female political representation to female representation in the business world, mostly representation in the board rooms. The results also show that all parties express themselves about female representation but in different ways. The Swedish Social Democratic party is the only party that focuses mainly on female representation as a question of justice and democracy, statements that fall under the category other. The other parties in this paper all had their focus on strategic statements that fall under Lena Wägneruds categories.  

  • 67.
    Arenlind, Jonna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Samhällsorientering: Ett exempel på gatubyråkrati i etableringen av nyanlända2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay the aim is to analyse the Social orientation course as a part of the Establishment program of newly arrived immigrants in Sweden. The questions I intend to answer through qualitative interviews and analysis of policy documents are: What factors limit the local work with refugees and immigrants within the framework of the Social orientation course as an establishment effort? How is the Social orientation course as a part of the Establishment Reform implemented in Växjö Municipality? And, how can the result of the Social orientation course in the local context be explained by the theory of street-level bureaucracy?

    In the light of Michael Lipsky’s theory about street-level bureaucracies the study contributes to a better understanding of the factors that limit the work with Social orientation as an establishment effort. The result shows that the local work with newly arrived immigrants in Sweden is much influenced and limited by the features of street-level bureaucracies: the resources are inadequate to the task, goal expectations are vague and conflicting, goal achievement is difficult to measure, and the clients do not serve as bureaucratic reference groups.

    The limitations result in an introduction program which is an inadequate basis for successful integration of immigrants. This knowledge of the outcomes of the Establishment Reform is of great importance for the newly arrived immigrants in Sweden to whom the reform is directed, as well as for the policy makers.

  • 68.
    Areström, Filip
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Demokrati i Thailand: En studie om Thailands möjlighet till en konsoliderad demokrati2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to examine and analyze how the political situation in Thailand looks like and what conditions Thailand has to become a consolidated democracy. This is achieved via a theoretical case study where Linz and Stepans five arenas of consolidated democracy is the center. This theory has been applied to the current political situation in Thailand to get to a conclusion on what the democratic situation actually looks like. In the end this essay comes to the conclusion that the democratic future of Thailand looks really dark and that the conditions for a possible consolidated democracy in the near future are really bad. The main reason for this dark democratic future is the current government and there unwillingnes to adept to a democratic system.

  • 69.
    Arfvén, Gustav
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Vart är Europeiska Unionens försvarspolitik på väg?: En analys av unionens ännu uteblivna gemensamma försvarspolitik och försvar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Before this study was conducted, there was a research gap in the current field of

    international relations. The purpose of this study was to examine why the EU has not

    established a common defence policy and a common defence. In order to address this, a

    theoretical framework based on realism and liberalism was created. Taken together, this

    study thus filled that gap and provided new insight on EU’s defence policy.

    The method that was used to conduct the research was a case study and the material

    consisted of the Treaty of Lisbon, EU key documents, as well as numerous of

    theoretical works concerning realism and liberalism. The study is of an explaining

    nature and the analysis seeks to explain the research question by testing it on the

    theoretical framework.

    The study concludes that the theoretical framework is able to explain the research

    question. Both realism and liberalism contributed with significant insight on why the

    EU has not established a common defence policy and a common defence. The main

    result shows that realism answers the research question by pointing out the role that

    member states play, and that liberalism, in contrast, points at the role EU as a unitary

    institution plays.

  • 70.
    Arpzell, Felicia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    A Strategic Move Towards Power?: A critical discourse analysis of how national leaders of China and the United States frame their foreign trade policies in the trade war2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By using critical discourse analysis, the purpose of this thesis has been to reveal the hidden power relation behind the discourse on foreign trade policies in the context of the trade war and to examine if grand strategies can be identified in the discourses. The thesis has thus focused on what discourses the national leaders of the United States and China have created and how different words and concepts have been used to form a national strategy on foreign trade policies in the context of the trade war. This thesis has also examined if theories of primacy and neo-neo-isolationism can be found in the discourses produced by the national leaders of China and the United States. The conducted discourse analysis suggests national leaders of China and the United States create discourses to gain an advantage. Where words and concepts were used to strengthen their own position while weakening the other, theories of primacy and neo-neo-isolationism could not be found in the discourses. However, it can be suggested that some parts of the strategies where found. 

  • 71.
    Arpzell, Felicia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    För eller emot en europeisk pelare för sociala rättigheter?: -En innehållslig idéanalys av argument i EU-nämndens debatter om en europeisk social pelare2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For several years there has been a general consensus on the relationship between ideology and European integration, where most researchers have found that the parties positioning on the right-left scale affects its attitude toward European integration. However, Christopher Prosser shows that parties positions on European integration are mainly influenced by a social "liberal-conservative" dimension, with the liberal end facing pro-integration and the conservative end a anti-integration. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether liberalism and conservatism structure some of the Swedish parties positions to the establishment of the European Social Pillar. To answer this purpose, I have two questions: What are the main arguments presented by the Liberals, the Moderates, the Social Democrats and the Swedish Democrats for the opposition to the establishment of a European Social Pillar in the debates of the EU Council? and, Is it possible to identify liberalism and conservatism in the Liberals, the Moderates, the Social Democrats and the Swedish Democrats arguments in the debates of the EU Council? The result shows that Liberalism and Conservatism to some extent structure positions for the establishment of the Social Pillar.

  • 72.
    Arvidsson, Eric
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Politiskt Nomos: Ett sociologiskt verktyg för att förklara idéförmedling i partiprogram. 2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to explore a problem within the political sciences with a sociological theory to provide a new approach to reading political parties campaign publications. Through Peter L. Bergers sociological theory about cosmic world construction called Nomos the essay aims to capture a societal world construction through the political parties’ conceptions of society through their campaign publications; a political nomos. By identifying objectivation (political ideas) and externalization (political acts) in the publications we can try to capture the parties’ political nomos that they try to convey to the reader. In extension this provides a tool for educational purposes when trying to explain political parties’ publication to pupils or aiding in the understanding of parties underlying ideas and goals. 

  • 73.
    Avetisova, Anastasia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sverigedemokraterna: Ett radikalt högerpopulistiskt parti?: En idealtypsanalys av Sverigedemokraternas principprogram (2011)2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Sweden Democrats has become the third largest party in Sweden after the

    parliamentary elections in 2014. Ever since the party was founded in 1988, debates regarding the party’s policy has been of great interests but also the party’s ideological affiliation whether to classify it as a populist radical right party or not. Furthermore, many scientists have arrived at the conclusion that the Sweden Democrats should be seen as a populist radical right party. This conclusion makes it interesting to further investigate what ideological affilitation the party should identify itself with since the party itself argues to be a social conservative party with a nationalist ethos. With this in mind, the purpose of this study is to examine if the party has populist radical right fundamentals in its recent policy program through the use of the method idea analysis and through the use of creating an ideal type of the theory populist radical right. In addition, it has thus been possible to confirm or to deny the Sweden Democrats as a populist radical right party. The result of this thesis has shown that the policy program does consist of populist radical right elements. Hence, it has been concluded that the Sweden Democrats should be categorized as a populist radical right party. 

  • 74.
    Axelsson, Lillan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Avebo Björkman, Liselotte
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Förtroende för offentliga organisationer: Varför har vissa offentliga organisationer högre förtroende hos medborgarna än andra?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 75.
    Axén, Elin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kroppspolitik i tre reproduktiva aspeketer: En idéanalytisk studie om kvinnans rätt eller orätt att ta beslut om hennes kropp2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the issue regarding three reproductive aspects in relation to women’s

    right to make own decisions regarding her life, body and reproductive health. The aspects

    include abortion, assisted fertilisation and surrogacy. In addition, this study investigates if

    the perception of liberty, in relation to laws and regulation of the female body and the

    right and freedom of reproductive health, is rooted in explicit versus implicit liberal

    feminism or conservative feminism. By using idea analysis, this investigation aims to

    distinguish the ideas behind the regulation of the three aspects. The results of the study

    shows that explicit and implicit liberal and conservative ideas from a feminist perspective

    occurs in the distinct aspects. The study concludes that women have been given liberty and

    the right to make own decisions regarding her body and reproductive health when it comes

    to abortion, and also in great extent when it comes to assisted fertilisation. However, in the

    aspect of surrogacy, women has continuously been denied these decision-making rights

    regarding her own body.

  • 76.
    Ayshat, Mutalipova
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Consolidation of Democracy in South Africa: A study of South Africa's Democratic Consolidation Between the years 2005-20152017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 77.
    Aziz, Mujtaba
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Politisk Ekonomi?: En studie av EU:s handelspolitik i teori och praktik2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Liberal economic policies adopted in The EU after agreement on no customs duties at internal borders between the EU member states, common customs duties on imports from outside the EU, common rules of origin for products from outside the EU and a common definition of customs value between the six founder member states led to accomplishment of the Customs Union on 1 July 1968. The EU has a liberal agenda that attempt to promote free trade in all parts of the world and in order to promote free trade in the world, the EU wants to pursue a policy similar to domestic trade policy under the Lisbon Treaty. However the customs union which led to liberalisation of the EU’s economy have had a devastating effect on the third world economies. The EU agreement on no customs duties at internal borders between the EU member states led to creation of new boundaries, restrictions, high tariffs and customs barriers. On the one hand, the EU wants to pursue a policy similar to the domestic trade policy under the Treaty of Lisbon and adhere to liberal principles and on the other hand, the EU has attracted widespread criticism for establishing barriers to trade mostly with the third world and not complying with its own principles. This study will inquire and investigate whether there really exists a contradiction by examining the relationship between theory and practice in EU trade policy in relation to both the external and internal market and to chart what it actually looks like.

  • 78.
    Babajan, Tigran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Oligarchs, State Power and Mass Opinion: A Study of the Role of Oligarchs in Post-Soviet Pseudo-democracies2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis attempts to understand the role of oligarchs in post-Soviet pseudo-democratic regime trajectories. The two dominant, competing streams of prior work have emphasized either the importance of state power or that of mass opinion in these processes in order to explain why some regimes successfully maintain their grip on power, while others make gradual steps towards democratization. However, the role of oligarchs has been largely overlooked; a gap filled by this study. It employs both widely accepted, as well as unique data to approach the research problem. The work presented in this thesis involves large-N surveys, analyses of media reports and an in-depth case study. There are three key findings:

    First, for an overwhelming majority of citizens in post-Soviet pseudo-democracies, oligarchs’ actual, negative influence on the political system as well as popular perceptions of unfair wealth concentration are conducive to beliefs that a non-democratic regime is what is needed in order to set things right in their country.

    Second, the findings from Armenia, Georgia, Russia and Ukraine demonstrate that four politically motivated, rival oligarchs focused on enhancing their reputation and organizational capacity in their struggles for power. In all four countries, regimes used their state power to counter the rival oligarchs. Evidence from Armenia and Russia provides a nuanced understanding of these interactions. In particular, incumbents in these countries used their state power to manipulate public opinion in order to damage the reputation and credibility of the rival oligarchs. This thesis suggests that the main regime leaders do so in order to portray themselves as more trustworthy than their oligarch rivals.

    Third, a survey analysis of Kyiv university students shows that they view most oligarchs as corrupt and harmful to their political system. According to the survey results, oligarchs’ concentration of wealth appears to disqualify them from being legitimate political players. Yet, further evidence from this thesis suggests that people differentiate between oligarchs as a group and as individuals, which allows at least some oligarchs to enhance their reputation by using their vast material wealth. I conclude this thesis by discussing possible policy and societal implication of the results and by setting out some new venues of future research.

  • 79.
    Bagewitz, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Det är svårt att lära en gammal hund sitta: En jämförande studie mellan högstadieelevers och gymnasieelevers syn på jämställdhet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this research is to do a comparison between students’ view of equality in secondary school and in gymnasium. The research begins with four focus groups, two on each grade to conduct material. The focus groups with girls and boys were separated from each other. With help from the researcher, acting as a moderator in the focus groups, the students have discussed advertisement and what message it convey. The students have also discussed their view of femininity and masculinity. With its starting point in separate maintenance and hierarchy, the theory of gender was discussed and connected to the result of the research. The conducted material was further on analyzed to be able to find out if the school can affect the students’ thoughts about equality. The conducted material from the focus groups was compared between boys and girls and also between the two grades.

  • 80.
    Bajraktarevic, Lejla
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lean-styrning och demokrativäktare; medarbetare eller anställd?: Granskning av Lean-effekten i offentlig förvaltning;effektivisering och målstyrning i relation till demokrativärden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Public Administration in Sweden has been adaptning to the market during the past 20 years. In the last years the Toyota production philosophy or more known as Lean-philosophy, has been introduced in the Swedish public sector. The Lean-philosophy is the idea of maximizing the profit through constant improvement of the production and by minimizing waste of resources. The reason for this measure was to lower expenses of the public sector and makes it more effective. The Swedish Migration Agency is one of the agencies which have been implemented the Lean-philosophy. This paper will investigate if the role of the agency officials changed with Lean-philosophy, during the past years, when the large amount of migrants applied for asylum in Sweden. This study will inquire the requirement that the Public Administration has by the Swedish Constitutional Law to preserve and protect democracy and through looking at the impact that Lean-philosophy have on the public sector. The question is if the Lean-philopsohy is compatible with the Swedish Public Administration?

  • 81.
    Ballenthin, Sigge
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Indien som internationell makt: En fallstudie om Indiens maktutövning2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines India’s exercise of its powers that it utilizes in its foreign policy on the international arena. The aim of the study is to determine what international power India can be classified as, and whether it achieves the goals of either being a great- or superpower. This is done by analysing not only the conventional concept of power, that being the hard power concept, but also the relatively newly conceived concept of soft power, originally conceived by the American political scientist Joseph Nye in the 1990s. Therefore, the research methodology is comprised of a theory consuming case study. The following question is being asked: What kind of international power is India? The conclusions being presented illustrate a foreign policy limited in its scope of influence, plagued mostly by institutional impediments due to limited budgets and thus limited resources in both concepts of power. Consequently, India cannot be classified either as a superpower nor a greatpower, but more as a regional one.

  • 82.
    Bani Issa, Samira
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Integrationspolitikens utmaningar - då och nu - att mäta det omätbara: En kvalitativ textanalys av integrationspolitiken i Sverige2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 83.
    Barakovic, Adelisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Konsolidering av demokratin: Bosnien och Hercegovinas utmaningar: En studie utifrån Linz och Stepans kriterier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 84.
    Barani Hassanlangi, Tara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Förhindrad utveckling av diplomatiska relationer: Effekten av konsensus och fruktan på USA:s och Irans relation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Diplomatic relations between states do sometimes go backwards in their process and development. One of these cases is the United States-Iranian diplomatic relation which has gone backwards in its development. This study is based on two main different theories, the Habermasian model and the Hobbesian trap. This, with the purpose to understand how lack of consensus and presence of fear are the reasons for the disruption of the United States-Iranian relations' development. The results have shown different directions, concerning the theories, in which they can affect the countries bilateral relations. The main reasons for the disruption of the relations, from the Iranians' perspective, are due to their interpretive concerning United States willingness to be the leader of the international community. From the Americans' perspective, the disruptions are due to their interpretive concerning Iranians' attachment to their own nuclear programme. The conclusion of this study shows how lack of consensus and presence of fear has prevented the United States-Iranian diplomatic relation to develop, and that the theories potency of strength, therefore, is high. 

  • 85.
    Basic, Hana
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Demokratiska begränsningar i Bosnien-Hercegovina år 2018: En studie utifrån Polyarkins sju institutioner 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate and identify the democratic restrictions in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2018. The country is internationally known for its burdensome history of war in the 1990s, however, Bosnia and Herzegovina seems to be in the process of developing. In addition to having one of the world’s most complicated political systems, the country’s efforts to improve their democracy have not been recognized. Therefore, the question at issue will be operationalized by utilizing the theory of polyarchy composed by Robert Dahl. This theory establishes seven institutions; elected political officials, free and fair elections, inclusive suffrage, the right to run for public office, freedom of expression, alternative sources of information and associational autonomy. These institutions will be examined using empiricism that has been developed with textual analysis. Moreover, the institutions will be analyzed to ascertain if these rights can be found within the Bosnian society.

                        The results revealed that only one of the institutions, namely, “inclusive suffrage” is maintained in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Four of the remaining institutions, which are; elected political officials, free and fair elections, the right to run for public office and associational autonomy, were recognized as partially maintained. The last two institutions; the right to run for public office and alternative sources of information did not meet the requirements. Due to these results, it can be established that Bosnia and Herzegovina does not maintain all seven requirements of Dahl’s theory. Despite the country’s efforts to improve their democracy, the democratic process of Bosnia and Herzegovina seems to have ceased.

  • 86.
    Bayramyan, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Svensk integrationspolitik: Diskursanalys av den svenska integrationspolitiken2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish integration policy has in times of mass immigration to Europe, been by some people described as open and liberal as well as a good example, compared to the integration policies of other European countries. Since migrant integration has turned into a topic that is important both on the national and EU’s agenda, it was interesting to study how the discourse around the Swedish integration policy looks like and how it is standing in relation to supranational EU guidelines. Thus, the purpose of the thesis was to clarify how Swedish integration policy corresponds with a multicultural and liberal integration policy and how well it goes in line with EU guidelines. To fulfil the purpose, a number of selected Government bills were studied through the scope of discourse analysis to identify the characteristics of the Swedish integration policy in terms of its openness and liberal views. The results revealed that although the Swedish integration policy has some features from liberal and multicultural integration, it is not truthful to place it entirely into the frames of these theories. It was also clear that the Swedish integration policy has its prioritised focus areas within the EU guidelines.

  • 87.
    Bayramyan, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Vad gör det om hundra år?: En komparativ flerfallsstudie mellan det Armeniska folkmordet 1915 och Förintelsen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Using a broad theoretical framework on the definition of “genocide”, the current research is aiming to provide a clear picture of whether the massacres of 1915 on Armenians of Ottoman empire were a case of genocide or not. Consequently, the aim is also to demonstrate that the concept of genocide is not synonymous to the case of the Jewish holocaust. The UN convention on genocide is presented and followed by a range of different researchers’ points of view on both the convention and the term itself in the theoretical background. Through a comparative multiple case study on the massacres of 1915 and the Holocaust the similarities and differences are found and result in a conclusion that the case of 1915 was a genocide, viewed both through a broad and narrow definitions of the concept of genocide. 

  • 88.
    Beijerstam Torstensson, Cajsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    EU:s Utrikespolitik?: En studie om skillnaden mellan policynivå och praktiken i EU:s utrikespolitik utifrån perspektiven mänskliga rättigheter, feminism och globalisering.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how the European Union's foreign policy demonstrates the theories human rights, feminism and globalization. This will be examined in how the theories are demonstrated in the foreign policy and also how there is a difference between how it is portrayed in the policy and how it is shown in reality. The primarily source of this study is a document that describes the European Union's foreign policy through a global strategy. The global strategy will be analyzed through how it encourages the different theories in their policy. The study will then continue to examine how the difference between the policy and the reality becomes more concrete through the global strategy and different events on both an intern and an extern level. The results show that there is a large difference between the European Union's foreign policy and the reality.

  • 89.
    Belokozovska, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Demokratiska begränsningar i Makedonien: En studie om vilka demokratiska begränsningar som kan identifieras i Makedonien 20172018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper was to address the issue of democratic restrictions in Macedonia today, 2017, due to all the media attention of the Macedonian political life. It was also an interesting country to study because of its disputes with its neighbouring country Greece, which blocks Macedonia from entering both the European Union and the Northern Atlantic Treaty Organization, NATO.

    The study was carried out on the grounds of Roberts Dahl’s seven institutions regarding Polyarchy which are elected officials, free and fair elections, inclusive suffrage, right to run for office, freedom of expression, alternative information and freedom of assembly. The method which was applied to this study was an ideal-type of democracy. The seven institutions of Polyarchy is the nearest a democratic governance one can come, and therefore Polyarchy became the main ideal-type. The seven institutions were later compared with both the Macedonian constitution and how these institutions are applied to daily life in the country.

    The results showed that the institutions inclusive suffrage and right to run for office were the only ones which met up to Dahl’s definition of those two institutions. Further, the institutions elected officials and freedom of assembly are partly restricted by the state. The institutions freedom of expression and freedom of assembly are the ones which are most restricted in Macedonia. The institution free and fair elections is also since 2016 an institution with restrictions because of the political crisis in recent years. Due to these results, one can conclude that Macedonia does not meet up to the requirements of all seven institutions and one can therefore infer that there are several democratic restrictions in Macedonia in 2017. 

  • 90.
    Bengtsson, Elin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Europeisering av nationell bilateral diplomati mellan EU-stater: - en beskrivande fallstudie av Italiens och Sveriges bilaterala diplomatiska förbindelser via ambassaderna2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at examine if an Europeanization is affecting the bilateral diplomatic relation between Sweden and Italy as managed by the national embassies. The questions asked to pursue the aim are; how the bilateral diplomatic work is managed between the countries, are there any signs of Europeanization within this relation or is it still contingent on intergovernmental principles? In this study an analytical model is created and used to analyze how the bilateral diplomacy between Italy and Sweden is managed through the embassies. The discussion on top –down Europeanization by Tanja Börzel is central to the development of the analytical model. Indicators of Europeanization are generated and applied in the empirical analysis. The empirical material is based on documents and interviews.

      One general conclusion of this study asserts that there is no direct top-down Europeanization going on within the national bilateral diplomacy. Another one affirms that an indirectly top-down Europeanization on an embryonic stage may be going on within the embassy-driven bilateral work carried out between the EU member states.

  • 91.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Feministiska uttryck: Idealtypsanalys av Sveriges socialdemokratiska ungdomsförbund och Centerpartiets ungdomsförbund2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to ascertain what kind of feminist expressions that are prevalent in two of Sweden’s major political youth organizations, the Swedish Social Democratic Youth League and the Centre Party Youth using ideal types constructed from major feminist ideologies. A comparison between the two is also a part of the analysis, to clarify the differences and similarities between the two regarding issues pertaining gender equality. Socialist feminism and radical feminism were prevalent in the Swedish Social Democratic Youth League but it also contained expressions of liberal feminism. The Centre Party Youth were exclusively liberal feminist in their expression. The differences between the two were ideological and the causal explanations for why gender equality exists differed as well. The similarities were limited to certain specific issues where they identified similar, if not identical, problems in society.

  • 92.
    Berg, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Turkey's Security and the Syrian Civil War: A Case Study about how the Syrian Civil War has Impacted Turkey's State and Human Security from 2011 until 2019.2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay addresses the issue of how the Syrian civil war has impacted Turkey’s state and human security. The study aimed to provide an enhanced understanding of how the Syrian war has impacted Turkey’s security, within the timeframe of 2011-2019. The method that was applied to this study was a single case study where theories of state and human security were used to analyze the Syrian war’s impact on Turkey’s security. The results showed that the advancement of Kurdish forces as well as the Islamic state’s territorial expansion posed a threat towards the Turkish state’s territorial integrity and sovereignty. The war also impacted the authoritarian turn of the Turkish government, which generated in a coup attempt causing additional internal disability and threat towards the state’s security. In terms of Turkey’s human security, increased terrorism within the state as a cause of the Syrian war has impacted the physical security of the people. Moreover, health concerns arose due to the vast number of Syrian refugees in Turkey and posed a threat to the Turkish population. The refugee influx also changed the ethnic balance in some areas showing indications of ethnic tensions to foster, threatening the population. One can conclude that the Syrian war has impacted Turkey’s state security, through direct military threats regarding the rise and expansion the of PKK-YPG and ISIS. In terms of Turkey’s human security one can conclude that increasing terrorism and the vast number of refugees residing in the state caused by the Syrian war has impacted the safety and security of the Turkish people. 

  • 93.
    Berg, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Turkiet: en auktoritär regim?: En fallstudie om varför Turkiets väg mot en demokrati stagnerat och istället tagit en auktoritär politisk riktning.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the issue of why Turkey has failed to develop and consolidate democracy in the regime. The aim of this paper was to analyze Turkey’s movement towards an authoritarian regime by examining institutions, the military, civil society and other contextual factors from 2004 to 2016. The method that was applied to this study was a case study were theories about democracy and transition were used to analyze Turkey’s declining development of democracy. The results show that several cases of corruption and the lack of political neutrality within important institutions have had a negative impact on the regime. The military’s influence on the political power has decreased although the military still has a significant role within the regime. The right to express your word of opinion by taking part in demonstrations is strictly constrained due to reforms by the government. Conflicts between the PKK movement and the Turkish government has contributed to the unstable political situation in the country. One can draw the conclusion that all of these factors have had an impact on Turkey’s development towards an authoritarian regime, but unprecedented behavior within the institutions, an authoritarian leadership by the president and increasing religious influence have had the greatest impact on Turkey’s way towards an undemocratic governance. 

  • 94.
    Berggren, Carl
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sökandet efter demokrati i Mellanöstern: En jämförande demokratiseringsstudie av Egypten och Israel2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The target of this assignment is to answer the question why Egypt has not succeeded to become a democracy when Israel has. The method of this assignment has been a comparable study where Larry Diamond’s internal and external factors have been used to compare why Egypt has not become a democracy when Israel has. The result shows that Egypt is not democratic because of several reasons, such as a big and influential military, unfair civil society, national insecurity, non-democratic leaders, wars and an unsuccessful consolidation of the democratic influences, especially after the Arabic spring in the early 21st century. Israel, on the other hand, is a democracy due to its successful democratic institutions, a functional civil society and with democratic influences from the western world such as the EU and USA. Israel’s “ethnic” democracy is not perfect though and have hinders such as discrimination and a limited democratic leadership but compared to Egypt, the country has become a stable democracy, in a region that is mostly surrounded by undemocratic regimes. 

  • 95.
    Bergh, Andreas
    et al.
    Lund university ; The Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    Erlingsson, Gissur
    Linköping university.
    Sjölin, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Öhrvall, Richard
    Linköping University ; The Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    A Clean House?: Studies of Corruption in Sweden2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    According to virtually all international corruption rankings, Sweden is one of the top performing countries with very few exposed incidents of corruption. But does this automatically imply that it can be declared a perfectly ‘healthy patient’? By extensively reviewing existing research and adding empirical sets of data, the authors of A Clean House? shed light on shady corners of the Swedish case.

    What do we know about corruption in Sweden, and what can be said of such affairs over time? Four scholars of political science and economics describe how countries typically viewed as low-corruption states can have particular problems that should not be underestimated nor neglected. This is the first comprehensive study in English of corruption in a low-corruption, mature welfare state.

    By revealing causes, scope and consequences of the corruption in low-corruption countries, the authors point out shortcomings in the international evaluations of corruption, and suggest constructive reforms that might curb the types of corruption occurring in ”healthy” societies.

  • 96. Bergh, Andreas
    et al.
    Erlingsson, Gissur
    Sjölin, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Öhrvall, Richard
    Allmän nytta eller egen vinning?: En ESO-rapport om korruption på svenska2013Report (Refereed)
  • 97.
    Bergholtz, Mathias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sveriges sexköpslag: En uppsats om implementeringen utav den svenska sexköpslagen från 1999 till nutid.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the essay has been, to some extent, to show on any deficiencies in the law against sexual services as well as to stress the importance of having a continued debate and discussion about prostitution and to define what is needed in order to meet the original expectations of the law.

    The conclusion that the law against sexual services does not meet the expectations has been based on the outcome of the analysis made in this essay. The reason why the Swedish law against selling sexual services does not work is based on four areas; lack of resources within the police force, too few convictions against sex buyers, preventional social actions and political legitimacy.  The essay refers to different point of views of the prostitution issue as well as different research studies, articles and public debates.

    The method which this essay has been based on is a case study of the implementation of the Swedish law against selling sexual services as well as an evaluation analysis. 

  • 98.
    Berglund, Wincent
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Fem godkända elever är fler än fyra väl godkända: En statsvetenskaplig studie i skolans förvaltningspolitik2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to analyze four gymnasium teachers’ opinion on the values within the Swedish school system today, as well as the presence of conflicting values and goals in their role as a street level bureaucrat. A comparative aspect concerning private and state regulated schools was implemented into the study in order to compare one school system to the other. This was achieved by using semi-structured interviews with the aim to register the teachers’ opinions on these matters.

    The study showed that the teachers perceive a high amount of discretion within their role as a street level bureaucrat concerning the educational aspect of their work. Despite this the “Top-Down” implementation is present in the way that there are several incentives that are beneficial for the teacher to follow. Additionally the study shows that there are several goal conflicts within the school system today that are most visible within the state regulated schools, as well as that the teachers in the private gymnasiums enjoy a higher degree of discretion.

  • 99.
    Bergsten, Gustaf
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Högerpopulistiska partiers parlamentariska etablering: Skillnaden mellan Sverige och övriga Skandinavien2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 100.
    Bergsten, Gustaf
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Parlamentarisk konvergens eller polarisering?: En jämförande textanalys av österrikiska och svenska partiers ståndpunkter i migrations- och EU-frågor2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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