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  • 51.
    Flammini, Francesco
    et al.
    Ansaldo STS, Italy ; Universit`a di Napoli ‘Federico II’, Italy.
    Mazzocca, Nicola
    Universit`a di Napoli ‘Federico II’, Italy.
    Orazzo, Antonio
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    Automatic instantiation of abstract tests on specific configurations for large critical control systems2009In: Software testing, verification & reliability, ISSN 0960-0833, E-ISSN 1099-1689, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 91-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Computer-based control systems have grown in size, complexity, distribution and criticality. In this paper a methodology is presented to perform an 'abstract testing' of such large control systems in an efficient way: an abstract test is specified directly from system functional requirements and has to be instantiated in more test runs to cover a specific configuration, comprising any number of control entities (sensors, actuators and logic processes). Such a process is usually performed by hand for each installation of the control system, requiring a considerable time effort and being an error-prone verification activity. To automate a safe passage from abstract tests, related to the so-called generic software application, to any specific installation, an algorithm is provided, starting from a reference architecture and a statebased behavioural model of the control software. The presented approach has been applied to a railway interlocking system, demonstrating its feasibility and effectiveness in several years of testing experience. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 52.
    Flammini, Francesco
    et al.
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    Mazzocca, Nicola
    University of Naples “Federico II”, Italy.
    Pappalardo, Alfio
    Ansaldo STS, Italy ; University of Naples “Federico II”, Italy.
    Pragliola, Concetta
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    Vittorini, Valeria
    University of Naples “Federico II”, Italy.
    Augmenting surveillance system capabilities by exploiting event correlation and distributed attack detection2011In: Availability, Reliability and Security for Business, Enterprise and Health Information Systems. CD-ARES 2011, International Federation for Information Processing, 2011, p. 191-204Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, several innovative security technologies have been developed. However, many of the novel sensing technologies (e.g. video analytics) do not always feature a high level of reliability. Very often, they need to be precisely tuned to fit specific installations and provide acceptable results. Furthermore, in large installations the number of surveillance operators is low with respect to the number of sensing devices, and operators' tasks include facing critical events, possibly including strategic terrorist attacks. In such human-in-the-loop systems, ergonomics and usability issues need to be carefully addressed to increase system performance in terms of detection probability and low rate of false/nuisance alarms. This paper describes a multi-sensor event correlation approach for augmenting the capabilities of distributed surveillance systems. The aim is to provide advanced early warning, situation awareness and decision support features. The effectiveness of the framework is proved considering threat scenarios of public transportation systems.

  • 53.
    Flammini, Francesco
    et al.
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    Mazzocca, Nicola
    University of Naples “Federico II”, Italy.
    Pappalardo, Alfio
    Ansaldo STS, Italy ; University of Naples “Federico II”, Italy.
    Pragliola, Concetta
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    Vittorini, Valeria
    Université “Federico II” di Napoli, Italy.
    Improving the dependability of distributed surveillance systems using diverse redundant detectors2015In: Dependability Problems of Complex Information Systems / [ed] Zamojski W., Sugier J., Springer, 2015, p. 35-53Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sensor networks nowadays employed in critical monitoring and surveillance applications represent a relevant case of complex information infrastructures whose dependability needs to be carefully assessed. Detection models based on Event Trees provide a simple and effective mean to correlate events in Physical Security Information Management (PSIM) systems. However, as a deterministic modeling approach, Event Trees are not able to address uncertainties in practical applications, like: 1) imperfect threat modelling; 2) sensor false alarms. Regarding point (1), it is quite obvious that real-world threat scenarios can be very variable and it is nearly impossible to consider all the possible combinations of events characterizing a threat. Point (2) addresses the possibility of missed detections due to sensor faults and the positive/nuisance false alarms that any real sensor can generate. In this chapter we describe two techniques that can be adopted to deal with those uncertainties. The first technique is based on Event Tree heuristic distance metrics. It allows to generate warnings whenever a threat scenario is detected and it is similar to the ones in the knowledge base repository. The second technique allows to measure in real-time the estimated trustworthiness of event detection based on: a) sensors false alarm rates; b) uncertainties indices associated to correlation operators. We apply those techniques to case-studies of physical security for metro railways. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

  • 54.
    Flammini, Francesco
    et al.
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    Naddei, Riccardo
    3F & EDIN Centro Direzionale Is. E/7, Italy.
    Pragliola, Concetta
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    Smarra, Giovanni
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    Towards automated drone surveillance in railways: State-of-the-art and future directions2016In: Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems. ACIVS 2016 / [ed] Blanc-Talon J., Distante C., Philips W., Popescu D., Scheunders P., Springer, 2016, p. 336-348Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The usage of UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) – widely known as ‘drones’ – is being increasingly investigated in a variety of surveillance scenarios. Being an emerging technology, several challenges still need to be tackled in order to make drones suitable in real applications with strict performance, dependability and privacy requirements. In particular, the monitoring of transit infrastructures represents one critical domain in which drones could be of huge help to reduce costs and possibly increase the granularity of surveillance. Furthermore, drones pave the way to the implementation of smart-sensing functionalities expanding current capabilities in railway monitoring, to support automation, safety of operations, prognostics and even forensic analyses. In this paper we provide a survey of current drone technology and their possible applications to automated railway surveillance, taking into account technical issues and environmental constraints. A current experimentation with drone intelligent video will be addressed, highlighting some preliminary results and future perspectives. © Springer International Publishing AG 2016.

  • 55. Flammini, Francesco
    et al.
    Pappalardo, Alfio
    Vittorini, Valeria
    Challenges and emerging paradigms for augmented surveillance2013In: Effective Surveillance for Homeland Security: Balancing Technology and Social Issues / [ed] Francesco Flammini, Roberto Setola, Giorgio Franceschetti, CRC Press, 2013, p. 169-198Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 56.
    Flammini, Francesco
    et al.
    Ansaldo STS, Italy ; Universita’ di Napoli ”Federico II”, Italy.
    Vittorini, Valeria
    Universita’ di Napoli ”Federico II”, Italy.
    Mazzocca, Nicola
    Universita’ di Napoli ”Federico II”, Italy.
    Pragliola, Concetta
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    A study on multiformalism modeling of critical infrastructures2009In: Critical Information Infrastructure Security. CRITIS 2008 / [ed] Setola R., Geretshuber S. (, Springer, 2009, p. 336-343Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the possibility of using multiformalism techniques for critical infrastructure modeling and proposes a general scheme for intra and inter infrastructure models. Multiformalism approaches allow modelers to adapt the choice of formal languages to the nature, complexity and abstraction layer of the subsystems to be modeled. Another advantage is the possibility of reusing existing (and validated) dependability models and solvers. Complexity and heterogeneity are managed through modularity, and composition allows for representing structural or functional dependencies. © 2009 Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

  • 57.
    Gerasimou, Simos
    et al.
    University of York, UK.
    Calinescu, Radu
    University of York, UK.
    Shevtsov, Stepan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM), Department of Computer Science.
    Weyns, Danny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM), Department of Computer Science. KU Leuven, Belgium.
    UNDERSEA: An Exemplar for EngineeringSelf-Adaptive Unmanned Underwater Vehicles2017In: 2017 IEEE/ACM 12th International Symposium on Software Engineering for Adaptive and Self-Managing Systems (SEAMS), IEEE, 2017, p. 83-89Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent advances in embedded systems and underwater communications raised the autonomy levels in unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) from human-driven and scripted to adaptive and self-managing. UUVs can execute longer and more challenging missions, and include functionality that enables adaptation to unexpected oceanic or vehicle changes. As such, the simulated UUV exemplar UNDERSEA introduced in our paper facilitates the development, evaluation and comparison of self-adaptation solutions in a new and important application domain. UNDERSEA comes with predefined oceanic surveillance UUV missions, adaptation scenarios, and a reference controller implementation, all of which can easily be extended or replaced.

  • 58.
    Gillström, Niklas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Malware och injicering i Windows för inbyggda system2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    Malware och injicering i Windows för inbyggda system
  • 59.
    Johansson, Anders
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Computer Science.
    Wassbjer, Robin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Computer Science.
    Windows 10 för inbyggda system: En undersökning av Windows 10 IoT Enterprise2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Microsoft released Windows 10 in the middle of 2015. Windows 10 is a series of operating systems with multiple versions adapted for many different fields of work. Windows 10 IoT Enterprise is one of the versions aimed at various types of embedded systems. During adaptation into certain environments, parts of the operating system may therefore be locked down or limited. For configuration of Windows 10, both old and new tools are available. 

    In this project, an examination of lockdown and adaptation possibilities, as well as configuration tools, focusing on Windows 10 IoT Enterprise is made. The tools used are Microsoft’s brand new Windows Imaging and Configuration Designer, but also their older Windows System Image Manager. Multiple configurations have been examined both with, and without the help of these tools. This includes user and application limitations, branding, and appearance. In addition to this, the creation of fully configured Windows images is superficially addressed.

    The project has consisted of several tests, mainly based on documentation from Microsoft. A majority of the examined possibilities and configurations have proven functional and quite easy to make use of. A working functionality has only been evaluated as such if it satisfies descriptions released by Microsoft themselves. This, as well as not breaking other parts of the system. In the end, the result mainly describes existing and working functionalities, not in what practical scenarios they fit. During configuration of major lockdown features, Windows ICD displays problems. Other problems has also been noted, among other things related to profile copying and generalization in Windows 10.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Windows 10 för inbyggda system
  • 60.
    Kans, Mirka
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Galar, Diego
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Thaduri, Adithya
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Maintenance 4.0 in Railway Transportation Industry2016In: Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (WCEAM 2015) / [ed] Koskinen, KT; Kortelainen, H; Aaltonen, J; Uusitalo, T; Komonen, K; Mathew, J; Laitinen, J, Springer, 2016, p. 317-331Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transportation systems are complex with respect to technology and operations with involvement in a wide range of human actors, organisations and technical solutions. For the operations and control of such complex environments, a viable solution is to apply intelligent computerised systems, such as computerised traffic control systems for coordinating airline transportation, or advanced monitoring and diagnostic systems in vehicles. Moreover, transportation assets cannot compromise the safety of the passengers by applying operation and maintenance activities.  Indeed safety becomes a more difficult goal to achieve using traditional maintenance strategies and computerised solutions come into the picture as the only option to deal with complex systems interacting among them trying to balance the growth in technical complexity together with stable and acceptable dependability indexes. Industry 4.0 is a term that describes the fourth generation of industrial activity which is enabled by smart systems and Internet-based solutions. Two of the characteristic features of Industry 4.0 are computerization by utilising cyber-physical systems and intelligent factories that are based on the concept of "internet of things". Maintenance is one of the application areas, referred to as maintenance 4.0, in form of self-learning and smart systems that predicts failure, makes diagnosis and triggers maintenance by making use of “internet of things”. This paper discusses the possibilities that lie within applying the maintenance 4.0 concept in the railway transportation industry and the positive effects on technology, organisation and operations from a systems perspective.

  • 61.
    Kiani, Vahdaneh
    et al.
    Islamic Azad University, Iran.
    Mohseni, Zeynab
    Islamic Azad University, Iran.
    Rahmani, Amir Masoud
    Islamic Azad University, Iran.
    Real-time Scheduling for CPU and Hard Disk Requirements-Based Periodic Task with Aim of Minimising Energy Consumption2015In: International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science, ISSN 2074-9007, E-ISSN 2074-9015, Vol. 7, no 10, p. 54-60Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, with an increasing number ofrequests, energy, power and temperature have beenimportant keys in embedded systems, which decrease thelifetime of both CPUs and hard disks. The energyconsumption is an important issue in computer systems,particularly real-time embedded systems. The frequencyand the Revolutions Per Minute are major factors in thereduction of energy consumption in both processors andhard disk drives. Therefore, the main goal of this paper isto present a scheduling mechanism for a real timeperiodic task that can save more energy. This mechanismis based on increasing, as much as possible, the executiontime of the CPU and/or the Read/Write time of the harddisk without passing the task deadline. This will be doneby dynamically changing the CPU frequency and/or theRPM of hard disk. Our experimental results demonstratethat the proposed algorithm manages to lower energyconsumption by an average of 25% and to reduce thenumber of missed tasks by 80%.

  • 62.
    Lang, Frédéric
    et al.
    Université de Grenoble Alpes, France.
    Flammini, FrancescoAnsaldo STS, Italy.
    Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems: 19th International Conference, FMICS 2014, Florence, Italy, September 11-12, 2014, Proceedings2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Lovén, Lucas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Åkerblom, Philip
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Testbänk till styrenheter via CANalyzer och Arduino: - En studie om systemutveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med arbetet var att undersöka möjligheten att utveckla en testbänk som kan underlätta felsökning och testning till fem olika ECU:er. 93 utgångar, bland annat DAC:ar, digitala- och frekvensutgångar finns med i kravspecifikationerna. Dessa utgångar styrs utifrån paneler i CANalyzer med hjälp av programmering i Arduino och CANalyzers egna språk CAPL. Testbänken visar goda resultat och har fått positiv respons från företaget, den levererar de förväntade värdena på samtliga 93 utgångar med en felmarginal på max 3%. Det finns begränsningar med att bygga denna typ av testbänk kopplade till komponentval, tid och resurser.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 64.
    Lyrå, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Digitalisering av skogsskötsel med GNSS: Kostnadseffektiv kartläggning med Arduino &Real-Time Kinematic2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns en efterfrågan på hög-precisa GNSS-enheter i skogshantering som utförs av skogsinspektörer, skogsägare, och plantskolor. Problemet är att en genomsnittlig enhet kostar 30 000 SEK och uppåt.

    Därför söker man efter en billigare lösning med samma noggrannhet. Lösningen bör vara tillgänglig och lätt då det är önskvärt att monterasystemet på ett planteringsrör eller stav.

    Lösningen bestod av Arduino och U-Blox:s NEO-M8P-2 monterat på kretskort från SparkFun. Kommunikation mellan enheterna realiserades meden NTRIP-program som tredje part. Med Bluetooth för NTRIP-klienten och LTE (mobiltelefoni) för NTRIP-servern kommunicerade en rover och en basstation med nätet, för att överföra hämta och skicka korrigeringsdata från stationen till rovern.

    Lösningen lyckades med att uppnå grundligt resultat och några förväntningar. Man lyckades med att ta fram en lösning som kostar mindre än 6000 SEK, eller 2500 SEK om man väljer bort basstationen och endast behållermottagaren; rovern.

    Alla målen och förväntningar för resultat kunde inte uppfyllas på grund av problem och utmaningar i både lösningen och komplikationer orsakade avfaktorer utanför projektets ram.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 65.
    Marrone, Stefano
    et al.
    Seconda Università di Napoli, Italy.
    Flammini, Francesco
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    Mazzocca, Nicola
    Università di Napoli “Federico II”, Italy.
    Nardone, Roberto
    Università di Napoli “Federico II”, Italy.
    Vittorini, Valeria
    Università di Napoli “Federico II”, Italy.
    Towards Model-Driven V&V assessment of railway control systems2014In: International Journal on Software Tools for Technology Transfer (STTT), ISSN 1433-2779, E-ISSN 1433-2787, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 669-683Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Verification and Validation (V&V) activities aiming at certifying railway controllers are among the most critical and time-consuming in system development life cycle. As such, they would greatly benefit from novel approaches enabling both automation and traceability for assessment purposes. While several formal and Model-Based approaches have been proposed in the scientific literature, some of which are successfully employed in industrial settings, we are still far from an integrated and unified methodology which allows guiding design choices, minimizing the chances of failures/non-compliances, and considerably reducing the overall assessment effort. To address these issues, this paper describes a Model-Driven Engineering approach which is very promising to tackle the aforementioned challenges. In fact, the usage of appropriate Unified Modeling Language profiles featuring system analysis and test case specification capabilities, together with tool chains for model transformations and analysis, seems a viable way to allow end-users to concentrate on high-level holistic models and specification of non-functional requirements (i.e., dependability) and support the automation of the V&V process. We show, through a case study belonging to the railway signalling domain, how the approach is effective in supporting activities like system testing and availability evaluation. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

  • 66.
    Marrone, Stefano
    et al.
    Seconda Università di Napoli, Italy.
    Rodríguez, Ricahrdo J.
    University of León, Spain.
    Nardone, Roberto
    Università di Napoli “Federico II”, Italy.
    Flammini, Francesco
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    Vittorini, Vittorini
    Università di Napoli “Federico II”, Italy.
    On synergies of cyber and physical security modelling in vulnerability assessment of railway systems2015In: Computers & electrical engineering, ISSN 0045-7906, E-ISSN 1879-0755, Vol. 47, p. 275-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The multifaceted nature of cyber-physical systems needs holistic study methods to detect essential aspects and interrelations among physical and cyber components. Like the systems themselves, security threats feature both cyber and physical elements. Although to apply divide et impera approaches helps handling system complexity, to consider just one aspect at a time does not provide adequate risk awareness and hence does not allow to design the most appropriate countermeasures. To support this claim, in this paper we provide a joint application of two model-driven techniques for physical and cyber-security evaluation. We apply two UML profiles, namely SecAM (for cyber-security) and CIP-VAM (for physical security), in combination. In such a way, we demonstrate the synergy between both profiles and the need for their tighter integration in the context of a reference case study from the railway domain. Graphical abstract © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

  • 67.
    Meo, Carlo Di
    et al.
    University of Naples Federico II, Italy.
    Vaio, Marco Di
    University of Naples Federico II, Italy.
    Flammini, Francesco
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Nardone, Roberto
    University of Naples Federico II, Italy.
    Santini, Sefania
    University of Naples Federico II, Italy.
    Vittorini, Valeria
    University of Naples Federico II, Italy.
    ERTMS/ETCS Virtual Coupling: Proof of Concept and Numerical Analysis2019In: IEEE transactions on intelligent transportation systems (Print), ISSN 1524-9050, E-ISSN 1558-0016, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Railway infrastructure operators need to push their network capacity up to their limits in high-traffic corridors. Virtual coupling is considered among the most relevant innovations to be studied within the European Horizon 2020 Shift2Rail Joint Undertaking as it can drastically reduce headways and thus increase the line capacity by allowing to dynamically connect two or more trains in a single convoy. This paper provides a proof of concept of Virtual coupling by introducing a specific operating mode within the European rail traffic management system/European train control system (ERTMS/ETCS) standard specification, and by defining a coupling control algorithm accounting for time-varying delays affecting the communication links. To that aim, we define one ploy to enrich the ERTMS/ETCS with Virtual coupling without changing its working principles and we borrow a numerical analysis methodology used to study platooning in the automotive field. The numerical analysis is also provided to support the proof of concept with quantitative results in a case-study simulation scenario.

  • 68.
    Mohseni, Zeynab
    et al.
    Islamic Azad University, Iran.
    Reshadi, Midia
    Islamic Azad University, Iran.
    A Deadlock-free Routing Algorithm for Irregular 3D Network-on-Chips with Wireless Links2018In: Journal of Supercomputing, ISSN 0920-8542, E-ISSN 1573-0484, Vol. 74, no 2, p. 953-969Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, the idea of wireless three-dimensional network-on-chips (3D NoCs) was promoted in order to design many-core chips with greater performance and lower energy consumption. This technology is the combination of different dies that are stacked on each other. Therefore, it is necessary to propose a suitable routing mechanism for irregular wireless 3D NoCs that can support the agnostic topologies. In this paper, we propose a deadlock-free routing algorithm for wireless 3D NoCs, called Floyd-base Inter-chip Traffic distribution (FIT), which is based on Floyd routing algorithm. In FIT algorithm, the number of hops is reduced compared to the already established deterministic algorithms; moreover, the traffic distribution is improved. Evaluation results show that our proposed routing algorithm significantly improves the performance and throughput by reducing the energy consumption, the average hop count and the communication latency.

  • 69.
    Papp, Jozsef
    et al.
    Óbuda University, Hungary.
    Tokody, Daniel
    Óbuda University, Hungary.
    Flammini, Francesco
    University of Maryland University, College Europe, Italy.
    From traditional manufacturing and automation systems to holonic intelligent systems2018In: Procedia Manufacturing, Elsevier, 2018, Vol. 22, p. 931-935Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In manufacturing and automation systems, there is an increasing need for switching to new paradigms instead of merely upgrading the technological systems. More specifically, manufacturing and automation systems should move towards holonic and intelligent paradigms, featuring a set of advantages with respect to legacy systems based on traditional approaches. In this position paper, we address those advantages and describe how to apply the basic principles of holonic systems in intelligent information systems with a focus on real-time applications. We also survey the basic concepts and reference taxonomy, providing an overview of the expected transition from traditional manufacturing and automation systems to holonic intelligent systems.

  • 70.
    Persson, Jonathan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Richardson, Fabian
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Förbättringsarbete av Provdon RA 180/480: "Kommunikation mellan gammalt och nytt"2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete har genom experiment och tester undersökt förbättringspotentialen för en halvautomatisk grundtillsyn av Ra180. Eftersom att denna grundtillsyn tar lång tid är det högst relevant att försöka korta ner den. Genom noggranna mätningar som har testats har det tagits fram lämpliga lösningar för en påtaglig förbättring. I linje med detta har även en undersökning gjorts av huruvida en helautomatisk grundtillsyn är möjlig. Genom dessa undersökningar har också en hårdvaruprototyp till denna metod tagits fram och implementerats.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Förbättringsarbete av Provdon RA 180/480
  • 71.
    Tokody, Daniel
    et al.
    Obuda University, Hungary.
    Flammini, Francesco
    University of Maryland University Collage Europa, Italy.
    Smart Systems for the Protection of Individuals2017In: Key Engineering Materials, Trans Tech Publications, 2017, Vol. 755, p. 190-197Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many Smart System technologies for Safety Critical Systems have advanced and have been sophisticated to such an extent that they can readily be applied to numerous practical safety applications. In the future, it is anticipated that Smart Systems will play an increasingly important role in technology development for Safety Critical Systems.

  • 72.
    Tokody, Dániel
    et al.
    Óbuda University, Hungary.
    Tor, Mária
    Óbuda University, Hungary.
    Szücs, Endre
    Óbuda University, Hungary.
    Flammini, Francesco
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Iantovics, Laszlo Barna
    Petru Maior University, Romania.
    On the Development of Intelligent Railway Information and Safety Systems: An Overview of Current Research2018In: Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems, ISSN 1334-4684, E-ISSN 1334-4676, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 176-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article focuses on the research and development planning for innovative railway systems. Within such a general framework, the specific objectives of the research have been defined within the framework of a large Intelligent Railway System project in Hungary. Our theoretical research work at the university is combined with practical experience gained at the Hungarian State Railways. In the course of this research work, the development of an intelligent railway system has been investigated by leveraging on the fruitful cooperation between academic and industrial partners, in order to promote the application and integration possibilities of the development results, as well as the introduction of innovative components in the railway system. In such a context, this article discusses the research plan, preliminary and long-term expected results, sharing objectives and experiences with the aim of providing novel views in an extremely current and challenging field of research.

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