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  • 51.
    Gregersen, Malin
    Lund University.
    Fostering Obligations: Swedish Medical Missionary Representations from South India2010In: Svensk Missionstidsskrift, ISSN 0346-217X, Vol. 98, no 4, p. 407-423Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 52.
    Gregersen, Malin
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    I femte fru Tsos palats: Plats, strategi och relationer i Changsha KFUK, 1917-19272015In: DIN: tidsskrift for religion og kultur, ISSN 1501-9934, E-ISSN 2387-6735, no 2, p. 60-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Changsha KFUK (Kristliga Föreningen av Unga Kvinnor) grundades 1919. Två år tidigare hade den svenska sekreterarmissionären Ingeborg Wikander påbörjat arbetet för att väcka intresse för den kristna tron bland stadens kvinnor. hon följdes snart av flera utländska och kinesiska krafter i arbetet, och verksamheten knöts till en plats, Tso-familjens bostadsområde. denna artikel tecknar Changsha KFUK:s bakgrundshistoria och utforskar relationerna som uppstod först i ”Tso-palatset” och sedan i tempelområdet dit man senare flyttade. Tre av dessa personliga relationer ges särskild uppmärksamhet i analysen. Genom att fokusera på människor och deras strategier i mötet med andra liksom platserna på vilka dessa möten uppstod, syftar denna artikel till att belysa förhållandet mellan människors möten och plats inom kristen mission. artikeln argumenterar för att vi genom att se samverkan mellan dessa kan få en djupare förståelse för hur missionsarbetets vardagliga möten och relationer påverkade verksamhetens utformning och utveckling.

  • 53.
    Gustafsson, Tommy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    A Fight over Souls: Documentary Films on the Rwandan Genocide with a Christian Theme2017In: Journal of Religion and Film, ISSN 1092-1311, E-ISSN 1092-1311, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 1-40, article id 14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 1994 genocide against the Tutsis in Rwanda have spawned over 150 feature films and feature-length documentaries, making it into the second most audio-visually recreated genocide after the Holocaust. Within this large body of historical films a subgenre have emerged with a distinctive Christian theme. This article explores these Christian themed documentary films about the Rwandan genocide and positions them within a film historical perspective as well as analyzes and contextualizes them as a subgenre of films about the Rwandan genocide within films about genocide in general. Of note are how memory and historiography are used, and the links between these films’ educational, religious, and commercial elements.

  • 54.
    Hagevi, Magnus
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Statsvetenskap.
    Bjereld, Ulf
    Religiositet och opinion om konflikten i Mellanöstern2006In: Tro & Liv: Tidskrift för kristen tro och förkunnelse, ISSN 0346-2803, Vol. 65, no 2, p. 4-20Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln om personer i dagens Sverige låter religiositet ha samband med opinionen om Israel och PLO: uppträdande i Mellanöstern? För att teoretiskt stödja förekomsten av ett sådant samband redovisas varför religion skall inverka på opinion om parterna i Mellanösternkonflikten. Teorierna beaktar socialisation, kognition och affektion, samt religiösa orienteringars substansiella budskap i form av värden. Studien koncentrerar sig därför på tre frågeställningar. 1. Finns det något samband mellan religiöst engagemang och svensk opinion om Israel och PLO? 2. Kan ett eventuellt samband mellan religiöst engagemang och opinion om Mellanöstern förklaras av evangelikala värden? 3. Har sambandet mellan religiöst engagemang och opinion om Israel och PLO förändrats under de senaste 25 åren? Undersökningsmaterialet består av SOM-institutets representativa frågeundersökningar av den svenska befolkningen år 1986, 1991 och 2004. Resultatet visar att religiositet inverkar på svensk opinion om Mellanösternkonfliktens parter: religiöst engagemang har samband med ökat stöd för Israel. Däremot är det låga stödet för PLO obereonde av religiöst engagemang. Det visar även att personer som innehar evangelikala värden stödjer Israel i större utsträckning än andra religiösa personer utan evangelikala värden i så stor utsträckning att evangelikala värden kan förklara hela sambandet mellan religiöst engagemang och stöd för Israel. Stödet för Israel minskar dock i alla grupper mellan 1986-2004 oavsett religiositet och religiös värden. Den enhetliga förändringen av stödet till Israel antas därmed ha sitt ursprung i händelser i Mellanöstern som påverkar alla oavsett religiositet, inte i förändringar bland grupper i Sverige med olika religiositet.

  • 55.
    Hallquist, Emelie
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Ärkeängeln Gabriel - Guds redskap i gott och ont: En litteraturstudie om Gabriels roll som aktör och budbärare i judisk litteratur2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 56.
    Håkansson, Joel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    För Sverige i tiden?: En studie om den svenska monarkins relation till samhället och sekulariseringsprocessen mellan 1858-20122013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Christendom has under a long period of time in Swedish history been the central component in legitimating the monarchs' power, a continuous process than can be clearly observed through the customs of royal coronation and baptism rites. However, during the 20th century those close ties between the state and the church of Sweden have been dissolving at a steady rate, alongside a growing societal democratization and modernization process. Officially the monarch still had a clear constitutional power legitimated through the transcendent, but unofficially his power was in reality heavily reduced. How do the Swedish monarchy relate to a rapidly changing society and secularization process? This pilot study investigates this relation by analyzing the news reports of the royal coronation and baptism rites between 1858 and 2012 from two leading newspapers, Aftonbladet and Dagens Nyheter. Principally two sides of the monarchy could be identified, one slow changing external side with a close connection with the national identity through history, religion and tradition, and a more swift and growing internal side with a clear connection with the ordinary citizen, family values and social norms. In conclusion the Swedish monarchy seemed to have progressed from a clear sacral foundation to a more family oriented development.  

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    För Sverige i tiden?
  • 57.
    Jacobsen, Knut A.
    et al.
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Mann, Gurinder SinghGlobal Institute for Sikh Studies New York Inc., USA.Myrvold, KristinaLinnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.Nesbitt, EleanorUniversity of Warwick, UK.
    Brill's Encyclopedia of Sikhism, Volume 1: History, Literature, Society, Beyond Punjab2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sikhism is one of the most important religious traditions of South Asian origin.Sikhs are historically connected to the Punjab region in South Asia, but their religious traditions are transnational and have a worldwide presence. The study of their history and traditions has become a significant field of scholarship and research, but no academic, authoritative, and up-to-date reference work exists. Brill’s Encyclopedia of Sikhism aims to make available in-depth critical scholarship on all the main aspects of the Sikh traditions in a number of original essays written by the world's foremost scholars on Sikhs and Sikh traditions.

    The encyclopedia is thematic and seeks to present a balanced and impartial view of the Sikh traditions in all their multiplicity and as both historical and contemporary institutions. The articles, published in two volumes, focus on history, literature, and the rich social landscape of the Sikh community; their practices, places, arts, and performances; specialists and leadership; migration both within South Asia and beyond; and contemporary issues and relations.

  • 58.
    Jacobsen, Knut A.
    et al.
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Introduction2018In: Religion and Technology in India: Spaces, Practices, and Authorities / [ed] Knut A. Jacobsen, Kristina Myrvold, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 1-7Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 59.
    Jacobsen, Knut A.
    et al.
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Myrvold, KristinaLinnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Religion and Technology in India: Spaces, Practices and Authorities2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Religion tends to flourish when technological developments create new possibilities for communication and representation, and simultaneously change as a consequence of these developments.

    This book explores intersections between religion and technology in India, at the present and in the colonial past, and how various forms of techno-religious intersections transform and open up for new religious practices, discourses, communities, and institutions. With focus on Indian contexts and religions, it discusses various empirical and theoretical aspects of how technological innovations create, alter, and negotiate religious spaces, practices and authorities. The book provides rich and multifaceted empirical examples of different ways in which technological practices relate to meanings, ideas, and practices of religions. The techno-religious intersections generate several questions about authority and power, the politics and poetics of identity, community and place, and how religious agency, information, and experience are mediated, commodified, and adjusted to new demands of societies. The chapters explore the Hindu, Jain, and Sikh traditions in relation to new technological developments and media, such as photography, new means of visualization, TV serials, mobile phones, and online communication.

    The book will be of interest to academics studying modern and contemporary India and South Asia, and especially the role of religion and technology.

  • 60.
    Jodhka, Surinder S.
    et al.
    Jawaharlal Nehru University .
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Sikhism and its changing social structure2014In: Routledge handbook of religions in Asia / [ed] Bryan S. Turner and Oscar Salemink, London: Routledge, 2014, 1, p. 63-75Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 61.
    Johansson, Anton
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Jesus - En förebild eller historisk person i skolans värld?: En komparativ studie om hur tre decenniers läroböcker i religionskunskap förändrat framställningssättet av Jesus liv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis examines how three decades of textbooks in the subject religion for middle-school inform students about Jesus' life and to what level they conform to their decade's specific regulatory documents. The results are analyzed through an analysis schedule, showing if the texts are stating, explaining, analyzing, or normative in character and with the help of a secularisation theory determine if this is something that changes over time.

    The outcome of the analysis shows that textbooks written in the 1950s are both explaining and normative to their character and correspond well to the regulatory documents. This is also the conclusion for textbooks in the 1980s but these textbooks show an increasing amount of analyzing texts with just a few normative elements. Comparing textbooks from these decades to today's textbooks, the result shows that today's textbooks don't match the regulatory documents' requirements of emphasizing that students analyze and find their identity. Instead, these textbooks are to a wider range stating to their character but at the same time having no normative elements at all. An interesting result is also the fact that the textbooks from the three decades more or less include the same information about Jesus' life but, as written earlier, there are bigger differences over time in how the textbooks describe this information. The results support one interpretation of the secularisation theory, according to which a country's textbooks tend to be less normative the more secular the country is.

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    Jesus - En förebild eller historisk person i skolans värld
  • 62.
    Knut A., Jacobsen
    et al.
    University of Bergen.
    Aktor, MikaelUniversity of Southern Denmark.Myrvold, KristinaLinnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Objects of worship in South Asian religions: forms, practices and meanings2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objects of worship are an aspect of the material dimension of lived religion in South Asia. The omnipresence of these objects and their use is a theme which cuts across the religious traditions in the pluralistic religious culture of the region. Divine power becomes manifest in the objects and for the devotees they may represent power regardless of religious identity.

    This book looks at how objects of worship dominate the religious landscape of South Asia, and in what ways they are of significance not just from religious perspectives but also for the social life of the region. The contributions to the book show how these objects are shaped by traditions of religious aesthetics and have become conceptual devices woven into webs of religious and social meaning. They demonstrate how the objects have a social relationship with those who use them, sometimes even treated as being alive. The book discusses how devotees relate to such objects in a number of ways, and even if the objects belong to various traditions they may attract people from different communities and can also be contested in various ways.

    By analysing the specific qualities that make objects eligible for a status and identity as living objects of worship, the book contributes to an understanding of the central significance of these objects in the religious and social life of South Asia. It will be of interest to students and scholars of Religious Studies and South Asian Religion, Culture and Society.

  • 63.
    Lindqvist, Emma
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Heligt vatten: En jämförande studie om två rituella bad och hur dessa kan kopplas till ämnet religionskunskap på gymnasieskolan.2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 64.
    Lund, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    “[A] matter of SAVED or LOST”: difference, salvation, and subjection in Chick tracts2015In: Comics and power: representing and questioning culture, subjects and communities / [ed] Rikke Platz Cortsen, Erin La Cour and Anne Magnussen, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015, 1, p. 173-192Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 65.
    Lund, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    American Golem: Reading America through Super-New Dealers and the “Melting Pot”2012In: Comic Books and American Cultural History: an anthology / [ed] Pustz, Matthew, New York: Continuum, 2012, p. 79-93Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 66.
    Lund, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Antisemitism till salu - igen2013In: Sydsvenska Dagbladet, no 8 DecemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 67.
    Lund, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Det är hög tid för inventering2013In: Sydsvenskan, ISSN 1652-814X, no 14 DecemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 68.
    Lund, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Graven Images – A Commanding Read2012In: SJoCA Scandinavian Journal of Comic Art, ISSN 2001-3620, E-ISSN 2001-3620, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 123-126Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Lund, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Gud i fyrfärgstryck. Om tecknade serier, moral och teologi2012In: Religionsvetenskaplig internettidskrift, no 13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 70.
    Lund, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Hart, D.G. From Billy Graham to Sarah Palin: Evangelicals and the Betrayal of American Conservatism2012In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 88, no 1, p. 35-36Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 71.
    Lund, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Martin Luther: munken som gjorde uppror2011In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 87, no 4, p. 186-Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Lund, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Mattias Martinson: Katedralen mitt i staden: om ateism och teologi (Lund: Arcus förlag, 2010). 304 s.2010In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 86, no 3, p. 145-146Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Lund, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Our Exodus: Leon Uris and the Americanization of Israel’s Founding Story, by M. M. Silver2011In: Shofar (West Lafayette, Ind.), ISSN 0882-8539, E-ISSN 1534-5165, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 156-158Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Lund, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Peder Thalén, Ateismens fall: den moderna religionskritikens kris (Skellefteå: Artos, 2007). 153 s.2011In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 87, no 3, p. 135-136Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 75.
    Lund, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Rethinking the Jewish-comics connection2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The publication of Michael Chabon’s Pulitzer-prize winning novel The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay (2000) brought the Jewish–comics connection to popular attention. The novel illuminated the fact that many of the pioneers of American mainstream comics were Jewish. Owing to this history, and to the fact that there today exists a large and growing library of self-consciously Jewish comic books and graphic novels, much has been written about the meaning of the connection. Engaging in a critical dialogue with extant writing on the subject, this thesis argues that much of the popular and scholarly writing on the subject of Jews and comics is historical in the sense that it is a product of its own time, rather than in the sense that it critically investigates the past. Rethinking the Jewish¬–Comics Connection presents three studies of commonly cited mainstream comics texts written by Jewish Americans: the character Superman from his first appearance in June 1938 until America’s entry in the Second World War in December 1941; comics writer, artist, and advocate Will Eisner’s The Spirit (1940–1952) and long-form comics (1978–2005); and the first and second series of X-Men comic books (1963–1970 and 1975–1991). Situating these texts in their respective contexts and offering alternative interpretations, the thesis suggests that the historical Jewish–comics connection most clearly emerges as an expression of what it meant, for the writers, to be Jewish Americans in relation to their own time.

  • 76.
    Lund, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Return and repair: Jewish approaches to comics as edifying literature2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 77.
    Lund, Martin
    Lunds Universitet.
    Stålmannen då och nu: Tecknade serier som en ingång till amerikansk-judisk kulturhistoria2012In: Religion och populärkultur: Föreningen lärare i religionskunskap årsbok 44, Föreningen lärare i religionskunskap , 2012, p. 59-68Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 78.
    Lund, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. Gotham Center for New York City History, USA.
    The Mutant Problem: X-Men, Confirmation Bias, and the Methodology of Comics and Identity2015In: European Journal of American Studies, ISSN 1991-9336, E-ISSN 1991-9336, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 1-16, article id UNSP 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article suggests that scholarship on comics and identity is vulnerable to strong confirmation bias. Engaging with a few common assumptions presented in writing on X-Men comics (1963–1970, 1975–1991) and identity, it offers alternative interpretations on the series’ engagement with the Cold War, civil rights, individual authenticity, persecution, and the Holocaust. Based on these discussions, the article then offers a few methodological suggestions that might help reduce bias in future studies of comics and identity.

  • 79.
    Lund, Martin
    Lund University.
    Turn the other chick - religious stereotyping in fundamentalist propaganda comics tracts2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The word "stereotype" generally carries negative connotations; when we hear it we think of bigotry, intolerance, chauvinism, small-mindedness. There are, however, positive stereotypes as well. In some cases stereotypes are even necessary. The medium of comics is a prime example – comics creators often have to use simplified representations to convey an idea or character trait, use stereotypes as a form of cultural “short-hand.” This sometimes leads to regrettable results; the jingoistic superhero comics of World War II, like many from the Cold War era, provide ample examples of this. Will Eisner, in his weekly comic The Spirit from the 1940s, represented the character Ebony in tune with the times; to wit as a big-lipped, bug-eyed, and somewhat dim-witted black youth. An older Eisner, writing in 2003, expressed regret for this treatment. He wrote that he’d realized that there were “good” and “bad” stereotypes – intention, for him, was the key: “Since stereotype is an essential tool in the language of graphic storytelling, it is incumbent on cartoonists to recognize its impact on social judgment.” This presentation will look at how cartoonist and evangelist Jack Chick uses stereotyped representations, exemplified with his narratives of Catholicism, Islam, and Judaism, to motivate a particular evangelizing narrative and construction of a binary difference between the in-group and an Other.

  • 80.
    Löfstedt, Torsten
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Legends and Landscape2010In: Svenska landsmål och svenskt folkliv, ISSN 0347-1837, no 336, p. 188-191Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Lunds universiitet.
    Bibi Jagir Kaur bryter manlig dominans inom sikhismen1999In: Sydasien, ISSN 0282-0463, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 24-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 82.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    De blåklädda helgonkrigarna: sikhiska traditionsbärare i moderniseringsprocess2004In: RIT: Religionsvetenskaplig Internet Tidskrift, Vol. 7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 83.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Dera Sacha Sauda: oroligheter i Indien när religiös ledare döms för våldtäkt2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 84.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Drinking the Guru’s Transformative Words: Uses of Amrit in Sikh Religious Practices2015In: IAHR World Congress, August 23-29, Erfurt, 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sikh religious traditions there are various practices of using amrit, that is, sweetened water that has been consecrated by recitations of compositions from the scripture Guru Granth. Usually the term refers to the blessed nectar-water given to neophytes during the initiation ceremony of Khalsa, when a person adopts a normative Sikh identity. However, in living practices it also implies a whole range of consecrated waters that are attributed transformative powers. This paper examines how different types of amrit are believed to produce various effects on people, depending upon textual and contextual factors during the process of transforming ordinary water to nectar, including the identity of the agent preparing amrit, ritual spaces and instruments, and dispositions among recipients. The transformative powers ascribed to particular waters are intimately connected with semantic properties of the recited scriptural hymns or what these hymns have come to represent in the broader Sikh tradition.

  • 85.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    Engaging with the Guru: Contemporary Beliefs and Practices of Guru Granth Sahib2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Engaging with the Guru: Sikh Beliefs and Practices of Guru Granth Sahib2013In: Iconic Books and Texts / [ed] James W. Watts, Equinox Publishing, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 87.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    Engaging with the Guru: Sikh Beliefs and Practices of Guru Granth Sahib2010In: Postscripts, ISSN 1743-887X, E-ISSN 1743-8888, Vol. 6, no 1-3, p. 201-224Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Sikhs have perhaps taken the concept of a sacred scripture much further than any other religious community by treating the Guru Granth Sahib as a living guru. This essay analyzes various religious beliefs and practices by which contemporary Sikhs construct and maintain conceptions of their scripture as a guru with spiritual authority. A distinction is made between religious practices that serve to mediate and interpret the semantic content of the scripture, performative acts that are enacted to transform the social world, and rituals that aim to give the scripture a careful ministration and celebrate different stages of its worldly life. The various ritualized uses of Guru Granth Sahib can be approached as external strategies by which the Sikhs personify their scripture and make it socially alive as a living guru.

  • 88.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Entextualization of Sikh texts in religious historiographies and performances2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary Sikh historiographies present the creation of the Sikh scripture (Guru Granth Sahib) as an evolving process of entextualization with different strategies to make the gurus speeches fixed, recognizable and authoritative, but also how contemporary ritual performances of the text and ritual exegeses reinforce the entextualized character of the scripture in different ways, e.g. by ritual performance markers, upholding boundaries between authors and users, creating indexical links to presupposed contexts of “authentic” prior performances in history, etc. In this context it is also interesting that such processes can be actively challenged, as in the case of the “tenth scripture” (Dasam Granth) whose authenticity and authorship is still creating heated debates among the Sikhs.

  • 89.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    Genus och Yoga i nyandlig vridning: Kvinnliga röster från Yogi Bhajans sikhism2004In: Chakra : tidskrift för indiska religioner, ISSN 1652-0203, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 126-131Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 90.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    Growing Academic Interest in European Sikhs2010In: The Sikh FoundationArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 91.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    Guds namn går att låna på banken i Varanasi2002In: Sydasien, ISSN 0282-0463, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 16-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 92.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Hindu Soldiers in Europe during the First World War: Religious Books, Symbols, and Practices2020In: Handbook of Hinduism in Europe / [ed] Knut A. Jacobsen, Ferdinando Sardella, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 93.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    Hymner från Guru Granth i norsk översättning: vägledning till kunskap om sikhisk religiös utövning2005In: Chakra : tidskrift för indiska religioner, ISSN 1652-0203, Vol. 4, p. 77-84Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 94.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    I guruns fotspår: pilgrimsresor och platser i samtida sikhism2009In: Heliga platser, pilgrimsfärder och andliga resor i vår samtid / [ed] Bodil Liljefors Persson och Emma Hall, Föreningen lärare i religionskunskap , 2009, p. 31-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 95.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    Inside the Guru's Gate: Ritual Uses of Texts among the Sikhs in Varanasi2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For religious Sikhs, the Guru Granth Sahib is a holy scripture which enshrines ontologically divine words and the teaching and revelatory experiences of historical human Gurus. Simultaneously the Sikhs have taken the concept of a sacred scripture much further than any other religious community by treating the Guru Granth Sahib as a living Guru invested with spiritual authority and agency to guide humans and establish relationships to the divine. Wherever the Sikhs have settled in the world today the scripture is staged at the center of their congregational life. The Sikh place of worship - a gurdwara or the Guru's gate - is by definition a space in which Guru Granth Sahib is made present to run a daily court. The scripture is installed daily on an elevated throne like a royal sovereign who/which admits worshippers and at nightfall ceremonially taken to a special bedroom for rest. In religious services the Sikhs daily recite and sing hymns of the scripture and explore its semantic inner for guidance in their social life.Considering the significations of Guru Granth Sahib, as a living Guru of the Sikhs, it is surprising that scholars have paid considerably little attention to religious attitudes, behaviors and acts surrounding the physical scripture and the living performance traditions of orally rendering and exploring its content. "Inside the Guru's Gate: Ritual Uses of Texts among the Sikhs in Varanasi" aims to direct the focus towards a deeper understanding of contemporary religious worship and oral performance traditions in Sikhism. Based on field work in a Sikh congregation at Varanasi (Northern India), the study investigates how local Sikhs perceive, use and interact with the Guru Granth Sahib and other religious texts accredited gurbani status, i.e. words being uttered by their human Gurus, through a wide spectrum of practices.From the perspective of ritual and anthropological theories, the study analyzes the discursive and ritual means by which local Sikhs create and confirm conceptions of the Guru's presence and agency in the world. Local discourses on the Guru Granth Sahib situate the scripture in a web of relationships - onto-theological relationships to the invisible divine, historical relationships to the human Gurus, and social relationships to contemporary disciples - that legitimize both its worldly and otherworldly identity and power. By arranging spaces and enacting ritual acts in the gurdwara, the Sikhs enmesh the Guru Granth Sahib in daily routines and stage the scripture as a worldly sovereign with capacity to provide spiritual guidance, transmit the divine revelation it enshrines, and make it possible for devotees to gain spiritual knowledge and experiences. Since Guru Granth Sahib belongs to a succession line of human Gurus it has inherited anthropomorphic habits and even has its own life-cycle rituals that mark important events and stages in the worldly life of the text. The study argues that ritual uses of the Guru Granth Sahib and the living performance traditions of mediating the scriptural words are the means by which the Sikhs personify and bring the scripture to life, as an agentive Guru, and make its teaching perpetually alive and relevant to changing contexts in a human and socially conditioned world. To develop and sustain a devotional and didactical relationship, even a social relationship, to the scripture is what makes people Sikhs - disciples of the Guru.

  • 96.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    Introduction2010In: The Death of Sacred Texts: Ritual Disposal and Renovation of Texts in the World Religions / [ed] Kristina Myrvold, Ashgate, 2010, p. 1-9Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    Making Pilgrimage Places of the Gurus in Varanasi: Countering Hindu Narratives in Local Sikh Historiography2012In: South Asian History and Culture, ISSN 1947-2498, E-ISSN 1947-2501, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 97-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Sikhs in Varanasi constitute a small minority situated within the boundaries of a Hindu-dominated culture. Most of the families now residing arrived in the years surrounding the partition in 1947 as migrants and traders from West Punjab, and only a few have a previous history in the city. In attempts to create meaningful representations of a shared past and visibility in the Hindu pilgrimage centre, the new-comers constructed their own collective history centring on the Sikh gurus' visits to and wonders in Varanasi. This article first examines how images of Varanasi and its inhabitants unfold in the historical writings of the Sikh gurus and the hagiographical literature (janam-sakhis) that aimed at proving the spiritual supremacy of the first guru, Guru Nanak. It continues to describe and analyse how the written history constructed by contemporary Sikhs in Varanasi manifests itself as a ‘counter-narrative’ in relation to a dominant discourse of the city as being a centre of Hindu pilgrimage and religious learning. The narrative structure of this modern history is set and framed by selected stereotypical images of Varanasi, but instead of verifying Hindu values and authority it creates an alternative paradigm that eventually confirms the spiritual superiority of the Sikh gurus and their teaching. Constructed as a counter-narrative, the local historiography provides contemporary Sikhs a possibility to make claims on the visibility, the identity and the right to occupy a space within the sacred geography of Varanasi and negotiate ‘an other’ representation of the collective self from within the dominant cultural discourse.

  • 98.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    Making the Book a Living Guru: Ritual Practices among Contemporary Sikhs2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 99.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    Making the Scripture a Person: Re-inventing Death Rituals of Guru Granth Sahib in Sikhism2010In: The Death of Sacred Texts: Ritual Disposal and Renovation of Texts in the World Religions / [ed] Kristina Myrvold, Ashgate, 2010, p. 125-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 100.
    Myrvold, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    Med Guruns ord mot demoner: Vadbhag Singh i en sikhisk healingtradition2004In: Chakra - tidskrift för indiska religioner, ISSN 1652-0203, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 98-116Article in journal (Refereed)
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