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  • 51.
    Elovaara, Pirjo
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola .
    Finken, Sisse
    Institutt for Informatikk, Universitet i Oslo.
    Mörtberg, Christina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    From Mutual Learning to Agential Learning2012In: Diffraction Patterns: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on an Emerging Paradigm in Gender Studies, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Fagerström, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Blekinge kompetenscentrum.
    Eriksen, Sara
    Blekinge Tekniska högskola.
    Nilsson, Lina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    The Implementation of a Decision Support Tool in Home Healthcare: Nurses’ Experiences of Professional Adaptation when Healthcare is in Transformation2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 53.
    Fagerström Kareld, Birgitta
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Holm Sjögren, Charlotta
    Socialstyrelsen.
    Uppföljningsmodell för gemensam informationsstruktur2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den nationella e-hälsostrategin betonar vikten av god informationsförsörjning. Den gemensamma informationsstrukturen för vård och omsorg bidrar till strategin genom att skapa förutsättningar för strukturerad dokumentation, beslutsstöd och e-tjänster. Nyttoeffekterna förutsätter emellertid att kommuner och landsting använder resurserna i den gemensamma informationsstrukturen. För att få kunskap om huvudmännens användning utvecklade Socialstyrelsen en uppföljningsmodell 2013. Uppföljningsmodellen har nu vidareutvecklats och konkretiserats i ett projekt under hösten 2014 och våren 2015. Syftet har varit att skapa en konkretiserad, tydligt beskriven och användbar uppföljningsmodell. Modellen består av två delar utformade för att undersöka grad av införande samt uppnådd nytta. Modelldelen grad av införande undersöker implementeringen av den gemensamma informationsstrukturen hos en huvudman. Den andra modelldelen, uppnådd nytta, studerar faktiskt uppnådd nytta för en person/roll i en given verksamhetssituation. Utgångspunkten är att ökande grad av införande påverkar uppnådd nytta positivt. Sambandet mellan de båda delarna gör modellen till en meningsfull helhet. De två modelldelarna är i övrigt avsedda att användas separat. En undersökning för att fastställa grad av införande genomförs med hjälp av ett antal implementeringsindikatorer. Indikatorerna har identifierats inom fem områden i en implementeringsmodell: styrning, uppbyggnad, organisering, användning och resultat. Områdena illustrerar vad som behöver göras för att implementeringen ska starta och utvecklas. De omfattar även beslut och effekter som uppstår i verksamheten till följd av implementeringen. Grad av införande fastställs genom att undersökningsresultaten matchas mot fem fördefinierade implementeringsnivåer som beskriver olika stadier eller tillstånd i införandet. Med detta tillvägagångssätt synliggörs den pågående implementeringen så att nya möjliga steg i implementeringsarbetet kan identifieras. Utgångspunkten för datainsamling i modelldelen uppnådd nytta är en verksamhetssituation inom vård och omsorg, där arbetsuppgifter med inriktning mot att tillgodose ett eller flera mål genomförs. I verksamhetssituationen undersöks möjligheterna att genomföra önskade arbetsuppgifter effektivt med avseende på dokumentationsmöjligheter och tillgång till information. Verksamhetssituationer kan exempelvis handla om att skaffa överblick över en patient/brukares historik inom vård och omsorg, att dokumentera en åtgärd/insats, att ta emot/överlämna patienter mellan olika vårdenheter eller att följa upp en grupp patienters/brukares process. En undersökt verksamhetssituation analyseras relativt förväntade effekter av den gemensamma informationsstrukturen. Genom att studera verksamhetssituationer över tid kan utvecklingen av uppnådd nytta följas.

  • 54.
    Fagerström Kareld, Birgitta
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Löfstedt, Ulrica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Williamsson, Ia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Quality IS: Next most important research project?2012In: IRIS 35/SCIS2012 – DESIGNING THE INTERACTIVE SOCIETY, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 55.
    Ferati, Mexhid
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Babar, Ayesha
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Carine, Kanani
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Hamidi, Ali
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Mörtberg, Christina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Participatory Design Approach to Internet of Things: Co-designing a Smart Shower for and with People with Disabilities2018In: Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction: Virtual, Augmented, and Intelligent Environments. UAHCI 2018 / [ed] Antona M., Stephanidis C., Springer, 2018, p. 246-261Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Smart home products are becoming widespread aiming to increase people’s independence, especially for the elderly and people with disabilities. In order to design them suitably for this community, their involvement in the requirement gathering and design process is particularly important. In this paper, we report a study we conducted with six people having various disabilities. The aim was to identify the type of smart product that mostly increases their independence at home. We used three requirement gathering methods in a participatory fashion, namely, cartographic mapping, future workshop, and cultural probe. The outcome of the study revealed that participants mostly needed a product for a bathroom, specifically a smart shower. The initial prototype design of the product was developed together with participants. Researchers further investigated the prototype design using littleBits electronic modules. The smart shower is anticipated to have the most effect in increasing not only user independence, but also privacy.

  • 56.
    Finken, Sisse
    et al.
    Institutt for Informatikk, Universitet i Oslo.
    Mörtberg, Christina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Smart homes: In- and exclusions in design2012In: Design and displacement: social studies of science and technology, Copenhagen, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper our focus is on smart homes as an emerging phenomenon in care and services offered to senior citizens. The background of this phenomenon is the so-called tide-wave of elderly. Along with socio-economic challenges, politicians express a desire to keep alive the welfare state that offers senior citizen services to maintain their well-being and autonomy. New technologies are therefore considered as a means to meet these challenges. Senior citizens are, like other citizens, a heterogeneous group with different wishes, activities, demands, and expectations rather than a uniform group with similar needs. The boundaries between those included in the smart homes and those not, and the very way these are drawn have ontological implications for the subject and object that emerges out of ongoing activities. We ask what kinds of homes that comes into existence due to the integration of elderly, care staff, alarm providers, alarms, sensor and so on. In addition to these entities other more intangible entities such as policies, technological push, and governance regimes are included. We locate our discussion of smart homes as infrastructures to a relational ontology in which humans and nonhumans are understood not as pre-given but come into existence in intra-actions in ongoing material-discursive practices e.g. smart homes offered to senior citizens. Hence what come into existence is dependent on the entities included, entities that are not innocent but “they are necessary for making meaning” and “have real material-consequences“ (Barad 1996:187). Three vignettes are used in the exploration of the thinking house.

  • 57.
    Finken, Sisse
    et al.
    IT Universitet, Köpenhamn.
    Mörtberg, Christina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Elovaara, Pirjo
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Becoming-with in Participatory Design2018In: This Changes Everything - ICT and Climate Change: What Can We Do?: 13th IFIP TC 9 International Conference on Human Choice and Computers, HCC13 2018 Held at the 24th IFIP World Computer Congress, WCC 2018, Poznan, Polen, September 19-21, 2018 / [ed] David Kreps, Charles Ess, Louise Leenen, Kai Kimppa, Springer, 2018, p. 258-268Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We draw on feminist technoscience to analyze actions and activities performed between participants in a Participatory Design workshop that unfolds in a realm of e-government. Stepping into this empirical site we want to show how participants (invited persons, researchers, methods, artifacts, gender stereotypes) become with each other. With such take on research endeavors we feed into current discussion in feminist research by illustrating how theory and practice intertwine and create realities.

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  • 58.
    Finken, Sisse
    et al.
    Institutt for Informatikk, Universitet i Oslo.
    Sefyrin, Johanna
    Mittuniversitet.
    Mörtberg, Christina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Elovaara, Pirjo
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola .
    de Petris, Linus
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola .
    Meaning making as a becoming: Sociomaterial orientations towards meaning making in organizational settings2013In: First Nordic STS Conference, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    “In my agential realist account, meaning making is not a human-based practice, but rather a result of specific material reconfigurations of the world.” (Barad 2007:465n116)

     In the introductory quote Karen Barad states her non-anthropocentric positioning on meaning making.  Her position is rooted in ‘agential realism’ with which she gestures to a symbiotic relationship between meaning and matter.  From a standpoint of agential realism subjects and objects are not constituted as pre-fixed entities with specific properties; rather, they are performed and becoming in intra-actions through which boundaries and properties emerge and make meaningful (such) phenomena and concepts (Barad 2007).

     In this paper we bring forth Barad’s account on agential realism to unpack the mutual workings of subjects and objects within three different organizational setting. Accordingly, with Barad’s take on meaning making and the inseparableness of meaning and matter, we aim at unfolding how humans, activities, practices, things, technologies, and working life come into being, matters, and effects the very organization of (the) work (they do together).

     We draw on Barad and fellow STS scholars when asking the following questions:  What do the reconfiguring and redeployment of subjects and objects mean and how do they matter?  For whom?  In what way?  And with what effects?

     Thus, in re-entering a reading of meaning making through an optic of ‘agential realism’ we present three vignettes from different domains of working life that all feed into the questions raised above.  One vignette is situated in a meeting taking place in a project on IT systems design in a government agency, another vignette tells a story about a municipal planning project and the third zooms in on a project on care technologies in ICT based nursing homes (aka smart houses).  Different as they are, these vignettes all shed light on and seek to further our understands on how meaning is a becoming that happens in the very reconfiguration and redeployment of subjects and objects.

     

  • 59. Flammini, Francesco
    Critical Infrastructure Security: Assessment, Prevention, Detection, Response2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 60. Flammini, Francesco
    et al.
    Setola, RobertoFranceschetti, Giorgio
    Effective Surveillance for Homeland Security: Balancing Technology and Social Issues2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Forsö, Olle
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Erić, Filip
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Scrum och utmaningar: En kvalitativ studie om vilka utmaningar praktiserande står inför agila arbetsmetoden Scrum2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Agile methods are based on iterative development and fast delivery. This essay has beenconducted against practitioners who have experience working in accordance with agilemethods. As IT projects fail to a large extent and criticism is directed against Scrum,makes the topic of the essay relevant.

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the challenges that practitioners face when they work according to the agile method Scrum. To investigate this, a qualitative data collection was conducted by interviewing five respondents who have experience working with Scrum. Categorizations were made based on empirical theory, and the theory has then reinforced these categorizations.

    The investigation found that practitioners face challenges that can be divided into agile definition and Scrum, cooperation according to Scrum, as well as results and goals.

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  • 62.
    Gardsten, Cecilia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University.
    Mörtberg, Christina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University.
    Designing an ICT self-management service: suggestions from persons with type 2 diabetes2017In: Health and Technology, ISSN 2190-7188, E-ISSN 2190-7196, Vol. 7, no 2-3, p. 197-206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports the wishes and needs of people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) for a future information and communication technology (ICT) self-management service to help manage their condition and their everyday life. Diabetes is a chronic disease affecting more and more people and placing increasing demands on health care. The self-management of diabetes includes instrumental and, decision-making skills and skills in managing daily activities, which may be supported by an ICT service. In this study we used a participatory design including two sessions of Future Workshop (FW) as part of a larger research project on the self-management of diabetes. Adults with type 2 diabetes participated in two FW sessions in which their expressed wishes and needs for an ICT service all fell under the broad category of Acceptance of the diagnosis, with three other suggestions; Trust in partnerships, Communication, and Individualized information. The participants’ experience of the FW as a democratic process and their appreciation of mutual learning contributed to these results, which are consistent with the aims of person-centred care.

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    GardstenMortbergBlomqvist
  • 63.
    Gibney, Michele
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Disruptive but not disreputable: Discussing open access2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The open access landscape is highly disruptive to established publishing practices and large changes are taking place globally in this arena. Some dismiss and resist the evolution of open access publishing practices as disreputable progress and wish to turn back the clock while others laud it as the future rise of scholarship.

    This presentation will provide a broad overview of the open access discussion and focus on several research projects currently underway to ascertain faculty, student, and alumni reactions to their own open access author- and reader-ship from both developed and transition countries.

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    Gibney_Omnispace_2019
  • 64.
    Gjörloff, Niklas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Yassin, Sami
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Molnlösningar: Utmaningar och motiveringar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Företag som är aktiva inom molntjänster idag, flyttar över mer och mer av sina IT-system till det publika eller privata molnet. Syftet med den här studien är att hitta de olika motiverande och utmanande faktorer kring fenomenet molntjänster, för företag som arbetar med utveckling av mjukvara för sina kunder.Då definitionen av molnet är brett och utvecklingen inom ämnet går ständigt framåt anser vi att det inte finns tillräckligt med vetenskaplig forskning som förklarar vad de olika definitionerna som exempelvis resursoptimering betyder på ett enkelt och förståeligt sätt.Den här studien tar upp tidigare vetenskapliga studier inom ämnet som en teoretisk bas att utgå ifrån. Samt metoder som används för datainsamlingen är lik de studierna innan för att kunna öka reliabiliteten av den här och framtida studier.Metoder som använts i den här studien är kvalitativa där intervjuer skett på två olika fallföretag som migrerar eller redan har migrerat sina tjänster till molnet. Intervjuer på ett tredje fallföretag har också utförts på ett konsultföretag för att komplettera de två andra företagen. Detta med anledning för att få en större översiktlig bild, då konsulter i sig hyrs ut till andra företag och får sannerligen bredare överblick.Resultatet från empirin har analyserats och lagts i kategorier för faktorer som påverkar eller kan påverka varandra på ett utmanande eller motiverande sätt. Studiens resultat och diskussion tar upp de olika fördelar och nackdelar som hänger med faktorerna i samband med tankar från informanter som anses vara experter inom respektive område på de fallföretag som har medverkat i studien.Studiens slutsats innehåller en utökad tabell över faktorer från tidigare studie som vi har byggt vidare på. Studiens resultat kan ses översiktligt med hjälp av tabellen över de olika faktorerna som studien har lyckats bekräftats och respektive inte lyckats bekräfta. Förklaringar till varför det ser ut som det gör tas upp i empirin samt analysen av data.

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    Molnlösningar: Utmaningar och motiveringar
  • 65.
    Golub, Koraljka
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Milrad, MarceloLinnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Media Technology.
    DH 2016. Digital Humanities 2016: Extended Papers of the International Symposium on Digital Humanities (DH 2016). Växjö, Sweden, November, 7-8, 20162017Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 66.
    Golub, Koraljka
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Milrad, Marcelo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Media Technology.
    Ping Huang, Marianne
    Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Mikko, Tolonen
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Matres, Inés
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Bergsland, Andreas
    Norwegian University for Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway.
    Current efforts, perspectives and challenges related to Digital Humanities in Nordic countries2017In: DH 2016. Digital Humanities 2016: Extended Papers of the International Symposium on Digital Humanities (DH 2016). Växjö, Sweden, November, 7-8, 2016 / [ed] Koraljka Golub, Marcelo Milrad, CEUR-WS.org , 2017, p. 119-125Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a panel discussion at the International Digital Humanities (DH) Symposium, held in Växjö, 7-8 November 2016. The panel was organized to carry out a review of different DH initiatives related to current projects, educational initiatives and research and development activities, principally from the following universities: Linnaeus University, Sweden; Aarhus University, Denmark; University of Helsinki, Finland; and the Norwegian University for Science and Technology, Norway. Furthermore, the report proposes the formation of a Nordic hub of DARIAH-EU (Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities) and the challenges and opportunities arising from it. Opportunities include, for example: joint research and innovation efforts, education, expertise and experience exchange, and bringing in international perspectives to address transnational and regional challenges. The following challenges have been identified, namely: student recruitment, job opportunities in an emerging new market for graduates, and funding schemes.

  • 67.
    Greco, Cosetta
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lucchetti, Maria
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    La promozione della salute alla sfida del web2010In: Prospettive Sociali e Sanitarie, ISSN 0393-9510, Vol. 14, p. 11-14Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 68.
    Gunnarsson, Sandra
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Kröhnke, Anna
    Ledarskapets roll vid förändringsarbeten: Centralt styrda förändringar som verkar på flera enheter 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to look deeper into leadership within centralized managed changes that take place in multiple units. More than two thirds of changes within companies fail due to bad leadership. Leadership within centralized managed changes that take place in multiple units have never been studied before. The purpose with this study has been fulfilled by studying an implementation of a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) at IKEA. The implementation has been managed from a national head office and the change has been executed within a number of IKEA-stores. No previous research has been found that studies the implementation of Standard Operating Procedure within global private owned companies. Found studies of SOP has been within health care and medical research. To gather data, interviews have been made with leaders at three different IKEA- stores. Theories that have been used are mainly based around change process and leadership. The included theories are Lewins Change model, John Kotters Accelerate’s 8- Step model Iand William Bridges Bridges Transition. A number of significant factors related to leadership was identified through analysis of the gathered data and theories. Some of the most essential parts that was identified were the importance of using personal goals connected to the goals of the change, to clear communicate the vision and purpose of the change, include the co-worker in the change process and secure a strong support from the management. By assuring these factors the resistance against the change will be handle in a good way and the co-workers will get motivated to carry through the change. The conclusions found in this study shows similarities with the studied theory. It is therefore appropriate to use these theories where centralized managed changes take place at multiple units within a similar context that is investigated in this study.

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  • 69.
    Gusak, Karol
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    The blockchain confusion: issues hindering blockchain adoption2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research aimed to identify and investigate the most important issues with blockchain and blockchain-related technology which are potentially slowing down its adoption. A literature review was performed to identify and analyze issues in usability, security, scalability, regulations, and other relevant areas. A qualitative research based on semi-structured interviews with two groups of participants, end users and developers, was conducted and the collected data that were analysed with the thematic analysis method, revealed the most commonly experienced issues confirming many findings from the existing literature, while providing a more up to date understanding of some others.

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  • 70.
    Göransson, Annie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Electronic Identification as an Enabling or Obstructive force: The general public’s use and reflections on the Swedish e-ID2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is an exploration of the general public's use and reflections on electronic identification (e-ID) tokens, in Sweden. Based on the researcher’s own experiences, the aim was to understand how the current e-ID scheme was enabling or obstructing the interaction with public agencies, etcetera. The thesis has a qualitative research design and is situated within the interpretivist paradigm. The data was collected through semi-structured interviews and the analysis of three documents, published by three different public agencies in Sweden. The data was analyzed through the vehicle of thematic analysis, which engendered four themes. These were 1. e-ID definitions, 2. the personal identity number as enabler and obstruction, 3. banks as the major e-ID issuer in Sweden and 4. security, skepticism and trust. The findings indicated that the e-ID was associated with convenience and security risks, which were brought up by the interviewees as well as the analyzed public reports. Furthermore, one of the public reports argued that the e-ID should be separated from the notion of having authority, through re- baptizing the Swedish term for e-ID, in Swedish 'e-legitimation' to electronic identity document ('elektronisk identitetshandling' in Swedish).

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  • 71.
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Some Heuristics for Digital Business Model Configuration2015In: Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops, CAiSE 2015 / [ed] Persson, A; Stirna, J, Springer, 2015, p. 123-130Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a summary of ongoing research with regard to the reconfiguration of business models with the help of digital technologies. Based in Amit and Zott's seminal notion of a business model, studies of a large set of digital business models have uncovered a set of dimensions that when reconfigured with the help of digital technologies may produce successful digital businesses. These dimensions are a business model's outputs, activities, actors, transaction mechanism and governance, and may be regarded as a set of heuristics to guide managers' business development efforts into the digital world.

  • 72.
    Heimbrand, Peter
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Nilsson, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Mellanmänsklig Kommunikatio: Hur yrkesverksamma systemvetare uppfattar sina kunskaper om mellanmänsklig kommunikation efter avslutade studier i systemvetenskap.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Standish Group, CompTI and Good-to-great revealed in their studies that the foremost factor for successfulness with an IT-project is based on inviting the participants into the development process, who wants a change in their business. In meaning, try to improve communication between stakeholders and at the same time use right people for that specific work process. This proposes that the consultant must possess an interpersonal knowledge to clarify the communication that occurs in the interaction with the users.Purpose: The purpose of the report is to study which interpersonal communication skills that system scientists who are working in the consultant businesses feel they possibly lack and need after a degree in system science.Method: Interview study with qualitative approach based on five interviews. The material was analyzed according to the described processing method.Results: The results revealed two different categories: key issues and lack of knowledge.Conclusions: This study demonstrates that consultants lack knowledge within interpersonal communication after graduation from different system science educations in Sweden. The study also discusses important issues and skills that likely are missing related to consultants with a degree in science programs.

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    Mellanmänsklig kommunikation
  • 73.
    Helmefalk, Miralem
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Marcusson, Leif
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Sell, Anna
    Åbo Akademi University, Finland.
    “Who cares about fireworks?”: A study on digital coaching, gamification and exercise motivation2020In: Proceedings of the 53rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, University of Hawai'i Press, 2020, p. 1266-1275Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital coaching systems offer users support in their physical training through insights and advice based on the individual’s activity data. Often these systems utilize gamification mechanisms to motivate users. In this study we conduct interviews with digital coaching users to understand how digital coaching systems are used to motivate physical activity, what kind of a role gamification plays, and how digital coaching systems should be developed further to better motivate users. We find that data itself is more motivating than gamification mechanisms, that players use data to play their own, internal games; and that data is also used for social purposes. We find that the benefits from digital coaches today are limited and mainly related to accurate exercise tracking and visualization of user data. Gamified elements are used on a low level and not perceived as value-adding by the users; deeper understanding of motivation theory and promoting intrinsic motivation is needed.

  • 74.
    Herbe, Oskar
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Andersson, Evelina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Systemägarskap i teori och praktik2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 75.
    Hilty, Lorenz
    et al.
    Technology and Society Laboratory, Switzerland.
    Köhler, Andreas
    Technology and Society Laboratory, Switzerland.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    Technology and Society Laboratory, Switzerland.
    Zah, Rainer
    Technology and Society Laboratory, Switzerland.
    Ruddy, T
    Technology and Society Laboratory, Switzerland.
    Rebound Effects of Progress in Information Technology2006In: Poiesis & Praxis, ISSN 1615-6609, E-ISSN 1615-6617, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 19-38Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 76.
    Huang, Ling-Yi
    et al.
    Nanfang college of Sun-Yat-Sen University, China.
    Yeh, Yu-Chu
    National Chengchi University, Taiwan.
    Mediated enactive experience versus perceived mastery experience: An enhancing mechanism versus a mediator of character attachment and internal political efficacy in serious games2016In: Computers in human behavior, ISSN 0747-5632, E-ISSN 1873-7692, Vol. 55, p. 1085-1096Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to investigate whether mediated enactive mastery experiences provided by a serious game could enhance players’ internal political efficacy (IPE) and further, to examine a path model of how character attachment and pretest IPE might influence perceived mastery experience and posttest IPE. A serious game that incorporates the enactive mastery experience and includes inventories of the measured variables was developed using Adobe Flash and JavaScript. One hundred thirteen college students participated in this study. The results of repeated measure analysis of variance revealed that the participants improved their IPE after playing the game, suggesting that the employed enactive mastery experience is effective. Moreover, results of structural equation modeling suggest that perceived mastery experience is an important mediator of character attachment and posttest IPE as well as a mediator of pretest IPE and posttest IPE. The findings of this study shed light on how to incorporate effective psychological mechanisms to enhance IPE in serious games.

  • 77.
    Imran, Ali Shariq
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway.
    Dalipi, Fisnik
    University of South-Eastern Norway, Norway.
    Kastrati, Zenun
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Predicting Student Dropout in a MOOC: An Evaluation of a Deep Neural Network Model2019In: Proceedings of the 2019 5th International Conference on Computing and Artificial Intelligence, ACM Publications, 2019, p. 190-195Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have transformed the way educational institutions deliver high-quality educational material to the onsite and distance learners across the globe. As a result, a new paradigm shifts as to how learners acquire and benefit from the wealth of knowledge provided by a MOOC at their doorstep nowadays in contrast to the brick and mortar settings is visible. Learners are therefore showing a profound interest in the MOOCs offered by top universities and industry giants. They have also attracted a vast number of students from far-flung areas of the world. The massive number of registered students in MOOCs, however, pose one major challenge, i.e., 'the dropouts'. Course planners and content providers are struggling to retain the registered students, which give rise to a new research agenda focusing on predicting and explaining student dropout and low completion rates in a MOOC. Machine learning techniques utilizing deep learning approaches can efficiently predict the potential dropouts and can raise an alert well before time. In this paper, we have focused our study on the application of feed-forward deep neural network architectures to address this problem. Our model achieves not only high accuracy, but also low false negative rate while predicting dropouts on the MOOC data. Moreover, we also provide an in-depth comparison of the proposed architectures concerning precision, recall, and F1 measure.

  • 78.
    Ivarsson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Older adults and information technology: Exploring the problems encountered by older adults in their use of information technology2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Designing for older adults often takes the form of design for declining sensory, motor orcognitive ability. Instead of starting from disabilities this thesis aims to explore theproblems older adults experience in relation to information technology from theperspective of the older adult. Through the use of situational analysis data from fiveinterviews and five observations were analysed in order to find what problems, if any,the older adults gave voice to. This resulted in a study focused on three such problems:the instructions older adults receive when learning how to use information technology,the role of the surrounding of the older adults, and the feelings those interactions create.The result is a mix of different ways to view ageing along with a proposition that showsone possible way to reconfigure this interplay between older adults, the surrounding andinformation technology in order to lessen the impact of those problems.

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  • 79.
    Jeansson, John
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Åbo Akademi.
    Benefits negotiation: three Swedish hospitals pursuit of potential electronic health record benefits2013In: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare, ISSN 1741-8453, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 248-268Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At the very heart of Swedish healthcare digitalisation are large investments in electronic health records (EHRs). These integrated information systems (ISs) carry promises of great benefits and value for organisations. However, realising IS benefits and value has, in general, proven to be a challenging task, and as organisations strive to formalise their realisation efforts a misconception of rationality threatens to emerge. This misconception manifests itself when the formality of analysis threatens to underrate the impact of social processes in deciding which potential benefits to pursue. This paper suggests that these decisions are the result of a social process of negotiation. The purpose of this paper is to observe three benefits analysis projects of three Swedish hospitals to better understand the character and management of proposed benefits negotiations. Findings depict several different categories of benefits negotiations, as well as key factors to consider during the benefits negotiation process.

  • 80.
    Jeansson, John
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Nikou, Shahrokh
    Åbo Akademi University, Finland.
    Gustavsson, Rune
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Lundqvist, Siw
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Marcusson, Leif
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Sell, Anna
    Åbo Akademi University, Finland.
    Walden, Pirkko
    Åbo Akademi University, Finland.
    Understanding Online Channel Expansion in an SME Context: A Business Model Perspective2015In: The 28th Bled eConference, #eWellBeing: Proceedings, Research Volume / [ed] Roger Bons, Johan Versendaal, Andreja Pucihar, Mirjana Kljajic Borstnar, Bled eConference , 2015, p. 322-337Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to study, from a business model perspective, value creating activities taken by SMEs when making a transition to an online multichannel context by adopting and adding e-commerce and/or m-commerce. 16 SMEs in Sweden are studied using a basic qualitative research approach and an e-transit business model configuration. Main results of the study are the existence of primary and secondary transition activities and the existence of a discrepancy between actions taken and their perceived degree of importance. One main conclusion is that the combination of value creating activities an SME should focus on during different stages of an online channel expansion differ depending on transition category and will change over time.

  • 81. Johansson, Erika
    et al.
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Magnusson, Bengt
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Rosvall, Jan
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    On Building Information Modeling: an explorative study2014Report (Other academic)
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  • 82.
    Jonsson, Pontus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Wehrmann, André
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Informationssäkerhet på små och medelstora företag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie fokuserar på och ska utreda informationssäkerhet hos små och medelstora företag samt vilka faktorer som påverkar dem. Hot och risker med avseende till information på företag har ökat de senaste åren vilket resulterar i att företagen måste öka sin säkerhet för att eliminera dessa. Uppsatsen visar att de flesta undersökta små och medelstora företag inte arbetar aktivt och systematiskt med informationssäkerhet. För att utreda detta ämne har kvalitativa intervjuer genomförts med ansvarig för informationssäkerhet på sex olika fallföretag. Intervjufrågorna utgår från tre olika kontexter som ett företag kan delas in i. Den tekniska-, organisatoriska- och externa kontexten som i grunden kommer från TOE ramverket och anpassades efter uppsatsens behov och ämnet informationssäkerhet. IT-expertis, krav från externa aktörer och styrning av informationssäkerhet identifierades som faktorer på de sex undersökta fallföretagen och anses vara avgörande för deras informationssäkerhet.

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  • 83.
    Jovancic, Natalie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Knowledge in consultancy firms: An exploratory study of knowledge and knowledge management in consultancy firms2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    The purpose of this study was to explore how knowledge and management of knowledge is experienced and perceived at a consultancy firm and derive from the experiences of the participants when portraying the phenomenon of knowledge in such a setting. Aspects covered in this research are individual and collective knowledge, the complexity of project-based organisations and the different ways of perceiving knowledge (structural and practice). All of these aspects were accounted for in order to gain a deeper understanding of the experiences of the consultants, the knowledge environment at a consultancy firm, and how knowledge can be managed in such a setting.

     

    The research was inspired by my personal/professional experience of knowledge at a consultancy firm where I, prior to this research, was given the task of re-designing the content management system. In the initial planning phase I recognised a need to find out more about the way the consultants were working, how they used knowledge and how they perceived the knowledge had been managed.

     

    Qualitative data was collected through individual and group interviews and the philosophical tradition of phenomenology was derived from.

     

    The findings from the interviews showed three main themes of how knowledge was perceived; 1) ways of working (differing experiences depending on the context of internal or external work or individual or group project assignments), 2) the knowledge culture and 3) the process and structure of knowledge management at the firm.

     

    Based on the findings it is concluded that regardless of practice based knowledge sharing the project-based setting of consultancies requires more, it requires some documentation in order to enable collective knowledge through embedded artefacts. It can also be concluded that the lack of structure or processes contributes to further complexity which would suggest that implementing structure through for example a process oriented approach would ease the process of knowledge management and improve the perception of knowledge at the consultancy firm.

     

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  • 84.
    Kajtazi, Miranda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Cavusoglu, Hasan
    University of British Colombia, Canada.
    Benbasat, Izak
    University of British Colombia, Canada.
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Assessing Self-Justification as an Antecedent of Noncompliance with Information Security Policies2013In: ACIS 2013: Information systems: Transforming the Future: Proceedings of the 24th Australasian Conference on Information Systems, RMIT University , 2013, p. 1-12Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to extend our knowledge about employees’ noncompliance with Information Security Policies (ISPs), focusing on employees’ self-justification as a result of escalation of commitment that may trigger noncompliance behaviour. Escalation presents a situation when employees must decide whether to persist or withdraw from nonperforming tasks at work. Drawing on self-justification theory and prospect theory, our model presents two escalation factors in explaining employee’s willingness to engage in noncompliance behaviour with ISPs: self-justification and risk perceptions. We also propose that perceived benefits of noncompliance and perceived costs of compliance, at the intersection of cognitive and emotional driven acts influence self-justification. The model is tested based on 376 respondents from banking industry. The results show that while self-justification has a significant impact on willingness, risk perceptions do not moderate their relation. We suggest that future research should explore the roles of self-justification in noncompliance to a greater extent.

  • 85.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    IT governance from the operational perspective: a study of IT governance strategies applied within maintenance management2018In: International Journal of Services Technology and Management, ISSN 1460-6720, E-ISSN 1741-525X, Vol. 24, no 1-3, p. 263-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the existence and effects of different ITgovernance strategies on the operative level of manufacturing industries. Thestudy is based on a mixed research method including statistical analysisof questionnaire data and a qualitative analysis of interview material. Theoperational business unit that is being studied is maintenance and itsmanagement. Several types of IT governance strategies existed within thisbusiness unit according to the study, and the decentralised was the mostcommon. The different strategies had both a positive and negative impact onthe business unit, but the federal IT governance strategy seems to overcomesome of the problems in the others. The results indicate that there might beother characteristics worth testing than the ones used in this study, for instancethe size of the business unit.

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  • 86.
    Karlsson, Matilda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Danielsson, Linnéa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Lärande organisationer: hur olika faktorer för lärande organisationer samvarierar inom två företag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are different theories describing factors to create organizational learning. This study has focused on how factors, for learning organizations, correlate in two large Swedish companies. The two companies have defined one problem each related to organizational learning. This study also investigated if these correlations can be used to contribute a solution of the problems at the companies. Data were collected through questionnaires and has been analyzed using the analytic tool IBM SPSS Statistics. The analysis showed that different factors correlate within the companies, an outcome that also partly argues against some of the referred theories in this thesis. The results also shows that correlation within one company of certain factors, differ from the within correlation of the corresponding factors in another company. It also shows that one variable may correlate with several, which means that there may be several ways to solve a specific problem. Finally, the study shows that the correlations are specific for each company, which indicates that each company is unique.

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    Lärande organisationer
  • 87.
    Kastrati, Zenun
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Imran, Ali Shariq
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology - NTNU, Norway.
    Kurti, Arianit
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Transfer Learning to Timed Text Based Video Classification Using CNN2019In: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Web Intelligence, Mining and Semantics, Seoul, South Korea: ACM Publications, 2019, article id 23Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Open educational video resources are gaining popularity with a growing number of massive open online courses (MOOCs). This has created a niche for content providers to adopt effective solutions in automatically organizing and structuring of educational resources for maximum visibility. Recent advances in deep learning techniques are proving useful in managing and classifying resources into appropriate categories. This paper proposes one such convolutional neural network (CNN) model for classifying video lectures in a MOOC setting using a transfer learning approach. The model uses a time-aligned text transcripts corresponding to video lectures from six broader subject categories. Video lectures and their corresponding transcript dataset is gathered from the Coursera MOOC platform. Two different CNN models are proposed: i) CNN based classification using embeddings learned from our MOOC dataset, ii) CNN based classification using transfer learning. Word embeddings generated from two well known state-of-the-art pre-trained models Word2Vec and GloVe, are used in the transfer learning approach for the second case.

    The proposed CNN models are evaluated using precision, recall, and F1 score and the obtained performance is compared with both conventional and deep learning classifiers. The proposed CNN models have an F1 score improvement of 10-22 percentage points over DNN and conventional classifiers

  • 88.
    Kastrati, Zenun
    et al.
    GjøVik University College, Norway.
    Imran, Ali Shariq
    GjøVik University College, Norway.
    Yildirim-Yayilgan, Sule
    GjøVik University College, Norway.
    Dalipi, Fisnik
    GjøVik University College, Norway.
    Analysis of Online Social Networks Posts to Investigate Suspects Using SEMCON2015In: Social Computing and Social Media. SCSM 2015, Los Angeles: Springer, 2015, p. 148-157Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Analysing users’ behaviour and social activity for investigating suspects is an area of great interest nowadays, particularly investigating the activities of users on Online Social Networks (OSNs) for crimes. The criminal activity analysis provides a useful source of information for law enforcement and intelligence agencies across the globe. Current approaches dealing with the social criminal activity analysis mainly rely on the contextual analysis of data using only co-occurrence of terms appearing in a document to find the relationship between criminal activities in a network. In this paper, we propose a model for automated social network analysis in order to assist law enforcement and intelligence agencies to predict whether a user is a possible suspect or not. The model uses web crawlers suited to retrieve users’ data such as posts, feeds, comments, etc., and exploits them semantically and contextually using an ontology enhancement objective metric SEMCON. The output of the model is a probability value of a user being a suspect which is computed by finding the similarity between the terms obtained from the SEMCON and the concepts of criminal ontology. An experiment on analysing the public information of 20 Facebook users is conducted to evaluate the proposed model.

  • 89.
    Kazeem, Ganiat Omolara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Technology In Policing: An ethnographic study of the use of information and communication technology within Bedfordshire police force2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Policing in The United Kingdom is an intricate business, balancing the enforcement of statute and other laws while dealing with public safety and security. Policing engages a diverse and complicated set of organisational structures and processes relying heavily on the skill and expertise of officers on the ground. Their role in preventing and or intercepting crime before, during and after it occurs is integral to sustaining peace, security, law and order in communities. The police operational and logistics staff work day to day with information and communication technologies, ranging from conventional databases and information systems to ubiquitous and specialised tools.  Understanding the use of technology and its management in policing has formed the backbone of this research conducted through a qualitative approach.

    This study adopted an interpretive paradigmic analytical lens using ethnography situated in the workplace as a methodology. The qualitative study took the form of field immersion for nine months using interviewing, and shadowing/observation to suit the complexity of the socio-technical context. Analysis was conducted using thematic analytical methods. Understanding how the police force interact with and shape the way that information and communication technologies enable them to fight crime is, then, the subject of this thesis.

    The findings highlighted the complexities and  intricacies involved in the use of technology, identifying unique differentiations in the way technology is engaged and integrated into policing including comparative understanding relative to other sectors and industries.  On the whole the central features of this work highlight understanding of the role information and communication technologies; usefulness, usage in practice and operational activity, strategic business goals, knowledge management, business intelligence and intelligence led architecture, governance and performance models in policing the county of Bedfordshire, England. 

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    Technology in Policing
  • 90.
    Khudobin, Ruslan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Influence of National Culture on the Implementation of Knowledge Management System: Creation of model for the implementation of KM System2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the Master Thesis research is carried out into the influence of national culture on the implementation of knowledge management (KM) systems, as well as providing the actions which should be carried out for successful implementation. Research was conducted in the Ukraine and the Czech Republic.

    The Master thesis starts with an explanation of the problem area, a review of the main definitions necessary for understanding the studied field: foundation of national culture and knowledge management are reviewed. Relevance of the topic is explained by the fact that usually more attention is paid to knowledge sharing than its creation, and if we ignore the fact of national culture, the used theories may lead to a collapse of the system of knowledge management, as they should be modified from country to country.

    Theoretical framework contains a literature review with information about the concept of knowledge and how to create it within an organization, properties of the knowledge base from which stems knowledge management system and its development. Aspects of national culture and organizational models are also described.

    Typology of culture proposed by Geert Hofstede, is presented, which is taken as a basis for conducting the research. Individualism and Collectivism dimension from his typology are descried in detail. Because of widespread criticism of Hofstede’s work, the main arguments “against” it were provided. Typologies of such researchers as Triandis, Kim, Kagitcibasi and Berry were reviewed to explain why they are not applicable to this study.

    Soft System Methodology, rich picture, is used to describe the process of implementing Knowledge Management Systems, as well as the processes required for solving problems and eliminating the identified barriers. Through Kotter's 8-Step Change Model reflected actions for implementing of Knowledge Management System and they are showing in rich picture what in addition with concomitant actions creates complete model for KM system implementation.

    As a philosophical worldview of the research, Social Constructivism was selected. For data collection, it was decided to create a survey which gave qualitative and quantitative data. Steps of survey creation and how it was delivered to respondents are explained, as well as data analysis and sampling methods. Paper provides practical application of gained knowledge. It explains identified barriers to the implementation of KM system, comparison of Ukrainian and Czech Republic companies in the context of KM, as well as KM on a national level. Described in detail is the creation of rich pictures which reflects the model of implementing KM System.

    While conducting the research it was proved that national culture affects the style of doing business and the process of implementing a knowledge management system in particular. In order to go deeper into the details of the differences that can exist between countries, the discussion talks about features of the national cultures in Europe, where research has been conducted, and Asia, as Chinese culture is one of the most influential countries.

    In conclusion, different levels of individualism are found in the studied countries. According to the results of the study and received data, it is safe to say that the question of the influence of national culture on the process of implementing a KM System exists and plays an important role. Opportunities for further research are given.

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  • 91.
    Kohen-Vacs, Dan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Media Technology.
    Jansen, Marc
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Media Technology.
    Milrad, Marcelo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Media Technology.
    Towards an architecture for educational virtual reality spaces2016In: ICCE 2016 - Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Computers in Education: "Think Global Act Local" - Main Conference Proceedings / [ed] Weiqin Chen, Jie-Chi Yang, Sahana Murthy, Su Long Wong, Sridhar Iyer, Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education, 2016, p. 368-373Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, hardware for the production and consumption of virtual reality content has reached level of prices that make it affordable to everyone. Accordingly, schools and universities are showing increased interest in implementations of virtual reality technologies for supporting their innovative educational activities. Hence, this paper presents a flexible architecture for supporting the development of virtual reality learning scenarios conveniently deployed for educational purposes. We also suggest an example of such educational scenario for medical purposes deployable with the suggested architecture. In addition, we developed and used a questionnaire answered by 17 medical students in order to derive additional requirements for refining such scenarios. Then, we present these efforts while aiming at deployments usable also for additional domains. Finally, we summarize and mention aspects we will address in our coming efforts while deploying such activities.

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  • 92.
    Kohen-Vacs, Dan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM). HIT.
    Milrad, Marcelo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM). Holon Institute of Technology, Israel.
    Computational Thinking Education for In-Service Elementary Swedish Teachers: Their Perceptions and Implications for Competence Development2019In: CoolThink@JC: Proceedings of International Conference onComputational Thinking Education 201913-15 June 2019 / [ed] Kong, S.C., Andone, D., Biswas, G., Hoppe, H.U., Hsu, T.C., Huang, R.H., Kuo, B.C., Li, K.Y., Looi, C.K., Milrad, M., Sheldon, J., Shih, J.L., Sin, K.F., Song, K.S., & Vahrenhold, J. (Eds.), Hong-Kong: The Education University of Hong Kong , 2019, p. 109-112Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many countries and governments have laid down a national strategy for digitalization in schools with the intent to strengthen both pupils' and teachers’ digital competences. Computational Thinking (CT) can be regarded as a central ingredient of teaching and learning in the XXI century and should be part of these competences. The Swedish government has recently launched a national strategy for digitalization in schools stating that CT and programming should be integrated in many school subjects. Thus, one particular challenge that needs to be addressed is the one related to teachers' competencies and skills related to programming. Since 2016, The National Agency of Education has been working together with several Swedish universities on developing academic courses in the field of CT and programming for in-service teachers. One challenge we are exploring in this paper is the one related to teachers' perceptions and competencies related to programming. As part of our on-going efforts in the course “Introduction to Programming for Elementary Teachers” offered to in-service teachers we have analyzed data we collected representing teachers´ perceptions on CT and programming before the start of the course. We applied sentiment mining and word counting on 127 texts generated by the teachers. We examine their perceptions and cluster them accordingly in order to understand how teachers perceived different aspects related to CT education. By doing so, we lay down the foundations on how to tailor competence development efforts in this field so that they fit teachers´ need. We expect these efforts will lead to the development of a model enabling to identify teachers´ current perceptions in order to plan future actions that can increase their Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge.

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  • 93.
    Kurti, Erdelina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Inherent cognitive dependencies in the transformation of business models from non-digital to digital2015In: Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops: CAiSE 2015 International Workshops Stockholm, Sweden, June 8–9, 2015 Proceedings / [ed] Anne Persson and Janis Stirna, Switzerland: Springer, 2015, p. 131-136Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital technologies persuasively are changing business landscape thus disrupting traditional business models of many sectors, particularly those that engage with information-based products. Organizations struggle to change their business models. Overtime business models become deeply ingrained and represent the dominant logic. This research in progress aims to explore the challenges and success factors in the transformation from traditional to digital business models. The assumed focus is on cognitive dependencies that hinder and enable such transformation given that this transformation involves a fundamental shift of core cognitive assumptions and beliefs held by the management of organizations in terms of value creation and value network.

  • 94.
    Lindström, Jenny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Digital delaktighet: En kvalitativ fallstudie om identitet, nyhetsdelande och sociala interaktioner hos läsare av digitala dagstidningar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The newspaper industry is going through an intense period of changes where the market for printed newspapers is getting smaller and the market for digital solutions are increasing. As advertisements are not as lucrative as before the big media companies are competing for the digital subscribers’ money. The big question for the newspapers today is how to make people pay for content on the web that used to be free. The focus of this case study of the Swedish left-wing newspaper Dagens ETC is to find what kind of characteristics of a digital newspaper makes the readers identify with the content, feel involvement and invites them to social interaction. The empirical material consists of eight interviews with readers of Dagens ETC. The result is that sharing news, especially on Facebook, is important to the readers and that they identify with the content and wants to spread it both to friends and people with opposite opinions. They appreciate the personal tone of the editorial writers and feel that they can use their arguments in the political debate. Topics as antiracism, climate and feminism are important for the readers. In the theory chapter the term “medialization”, how the lines between media and society are getting blurred, is explained. In the section “Participation and identity in digital media” the ways that the readers creates participations and social interactions around news are explained. Finally the updated version of DeLone and McLean model of information system success is presented. The conclusion of the report is that the newspapers should have a more direct and personal way of addressing the readers and that they more actively should try to make the readers engage in the material. To share news articles is of such great importance to the readers, that pay walls can ruin the relation that the newspaper has built up with them.

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  • 95.
    Lundqvist, Siw
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics. University of Turku, Finland.
    A perspective of post-merger integration: administrators do not necessarily resist changes2011In: IRIS Selected Papers of the Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, ISSN 1891-9863, E-ISSN 2387-3353, no 2, p. 183-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mergers often fail, which makes it important to understand more about what couldpromote successful mergers. This paper reports on a longitudinal case-study following amerger from the administrators’ perspectives. Prior findings showed administrators that werepositive to the merger and to reengineering initiatives and that were confident about theirskills. The present study showed that the administrators wished for further development evenif some found the realized changes to have influenced their work negatively. The findingsconfirm the importance of applying various types of advice on how to prevent resistance tochanges, which includes embracing openness to changes and the necessity of providing meansfor adapting to new systems and to contribute to new routines. The case-study aims at addingfurther to the knowledge base on how to facilitate post-merger integration with a focus onunderstanding the human factors that either contribute to or hinder a merging process. 

  • 96.
    Lundqvist, Siw
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Are PMOs really that momentous for public authorities?2017In: International journal of information systems and project management, ISSN 2182-7796, E-ISSN 2182-7788, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 45-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Project management offices (PMOs) are frequently referred to as necessary, or even indispensable, for carrying out projects in multi-project settings, which often occur in public authorities’ Information Technology (IT) projects; particularly in times of today’s sweeping digitalization. Hence, this research studied Swedish public authorities and their IT departments’ use of PMOs; a survey was directed to IT project managers. Findings showed that even though PMOs are commonly described as significant, those that applied PMOs were fewer than those that did not. This research searched for correlations between the existence of PMOs and 88 variables that resulted in relatively few, mostly weak correlations. A hypothesis test did not show significant association between PMOs’ usage and project models’ usage. The research contributions are principally that PMOs do not appear to be that significant after all for Swedish public authorities, and to have reasonable expectations on PMOs. For practice, the implications foremost concern the importance of understanding conceivable pros and cons.

  • 97.
    Lundqvist, Siw
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Focus on the most critical demands in IT project manager recruitment2018In: Journal of Modern Project Management, ISSN 2317-3963, E-ISSN 1747-0862, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 68-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many descriptions are available about the qualifications IT project managers are supposed to hold in order to be fully eligible and fit for employment. Sometimes these knowledge demands are apprehended as scary in a way that actually reject people from taking on a journey for such a job career. This research concerns how IT project managers in Swedish public authorities regard the demands on their profession; 46 questions regarding these matters are answered (survey 2016) by 82 individuals. The four most prominent requirements turned out to be: 1) experience from project management, 2) self-sufficiency 3a) being social, and on shared third place 3b) being co-operative. The three demands counted from the bottom ranking, concerned holding project management certifications. The findings are useful for practice because it could play down excessively described expectations and put the light on highly relevant requirements instead. For research, the findings provide input to further research.

  • 98.
    Lundqvist, Siw
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics. Åbo Akademi University.
    In a merger: a lack of information about IS and the job situation2010In: Proceedings of the 33rd IRIS Seminar 2010 (CD) / [ed] H.W. Nicolajsen, J. Persson, L. Heeager, G. Tjörnehöj, K. Kautz, P.A. Nielsen, IRIS , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 99.
    Lundqvist, Siw
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics. Åbo Akademi University.
    In a merger: administrators are open-minded to reengineering of their assignments2010Report (Other academic)
  • 100.
    Lundqvist, Siw
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Post-merger integration issues: a longitudinal public sector case-study2011In: Problems of Management in the 21st Century, ISSN 2029-6932, Vol. 1, p. 86-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Employee resistance to change draws on conventional knowledge and prior research. Hence resistance is presupposed before a merger. In the literature advice is given on how to minimize resistance to change. A main recommendation is to inform and communicate extensively to down-play feelings of anxiety and support involvement. Nevertheless, post-merger integrations are known to be problematic and seldom achieve the predicted success. This longitudinal case-study follows a merger from the administrators’ perspective. Prior empirical findings were promising for the post-merger implementation and showed administrators who welcomed the merger. Furthermore, they were happy with the overall merger information and found themselves fully participating in the change processes. The recent findings (after the merger) showed that the administrators experienced lowered productivity, higher fragmentation of the workday and less involvement. Furthermore, the information and communication had been changed after the merger. The human factor is important to acknowledge for preventing post-merger failure and the findings from this longitudinal case-study highlights the importance of maintaining positive employee perceptions after a merger. The longitudinal case-study aims at adding to the knowledge base on facilitating post-merger implementations.

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