lnu.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 51 - 100 of 465
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 51.
    Berner, Jessica
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Anderberg, Peter
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Rennemark, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Berglund, Johan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Case management for frail older adults through tablet computers and skype2016In: Informatics for Health and Social Care, ISSN 1753-8157, E-ISSN 1753-8165, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 405-416Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Frail older adults are high consumers of medical care due to their age and multiple chronic conditions. Regular contact with a case manager has been proven to increase well-being of frail older adults and reduce their number of health-care visits. Skype calls through tablet PCs can offer easier communication. Objective: This paper examines frail older adults’ use of tablet computers and Skype, with their case managers.Method: Interviews were conducted on 15 frail older adults. A content analysis was used to structure and analyze the data. Results: The results indicate that tablet computers were experienced in a positive way for most frail older adults. Conflicting feelings did emerge, however, as to whether the frail elderly would adopt this in the long run. Skype needs to be tested further as to whether this is a good solution for communication with their case managers. Strong technical support and well-functioning technology are important elements to facilitate use. Conclusion: Using Skype and tablet PCs do have potential for frail older adults, but need to be tested further.

  • 52.
    Berner, Jessica
    et al.
    Blekinge University of Technology.
    Rennemark, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Blekinge University of Technology.
    Jogreus, Claes
    Blekinge University of Technology.
    Anderberg, Peter
    Blekinge University of Technology.
    Sköldunger, Anders
    Karolinska Institutet ; Stockholm University.
    Wahlberg, Maria
    Karolinska Institutet ; Stockholm University.
    Elmståhl, Sölve
    Lund University.
    Berglund, Johan
    Blekinge University of Technology.
    Factors influenceing internet usage in older adults (65 years and above) living in rural and urban Sweden2015In: Health Informatics Journal, ISSN 1460-4582, E-ISSN 1741-2811, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 237-249Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Older adults living in rural and urban areas have shown to distinguish themselves in technology adoption;a clearer profile of their Internet use is important in order to provide better technological and health-caresolutions. Older adults’ Internet use was investigated across large to midsize cities and rural Sweden. Thesample consisted of 7181 older adults ranging from 59 to 100 years old. Internet use was investigated withage, education, gender, household economy, cognition, living alone/or with someone and rural/urban living.Logistic regression was used. Those living in rural areas used the Internet less than their urban counterparts.Being younger and higher educated influenced Internet use; for older urban adults, these factors as well asliving with someone and having good cognitive functioning were influential. Solutions are needed to avoid theexclusion of some older adults by a society that is today being shaped by the Internet.

  • 53.
    Billsten, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Dissemination and Implementation of the Swedish National Guidelines for Treatment of Substance use: – A five year evaluation2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contains four empirical studies. The data derives from an evaluation project named Knowledge to Practice (KtP) that aimed to disseminate and implement the Swedish National Guidelines for Alcohol and Substance Abuse in Substance Use Disorder-treatment from 2010–2014. The aim of this thesis was to identify key determinants affecting implementation.

    The data collection consisted of:

    - Web surveys that were distributed annually from 2010–2014 to a panel of 3,852 respondents working in substance abuse treatment in social services and health care

    - Web surveys distributed to approximately 10,000 participants in the national core curriculum course. Surveys were distributed before the start of the course and immediately after the course ended. A follow-up web survey was distributed one year later

    - Semi-structured surveys for all regions’ user organizations to answer in focus groups

    - Interviews with process managers in every region

    The aim of Study I was to describe KtP's efforts and the situation in 2012. Web surveys were distributed to a panel of 3,852 respondents and 10,000 participants from core curriculum courses. Process managers from all 21 regions were interviewed. Study II used an instrument named Organizational Readiness for Change (ORC).The aim was to: (a) identify clusters of employees with different ORC profiles and (b) investigate whether belonging to a specific profile predicted the use of therapy methods, assessment instruments and cross-sectional collaboration. The ORC instrument was part of an annual web survey to a panel of 3,852 respondents.The aim of Study III was to evaluate, via a four-year follow-up study, whether user organizations continued existing after national support concluded and if their influence within social services and health care was implemented over time. The aim of Study III was to evaluate, via a four-year follow-up study, whether user organizations continued existing after national support concluded and if their influence within social services and health care was implemented over time. The aim of Study IV was to evaluate the extent of the dissemination and implementation work organised by KtP and whether there was increased use of treatment methods, assessment instruments and changes in cross-sectional collaboration between authorities. Factors associated with success were studied on three organizational levels: regional, municipal and individual. Results show that setting and person-related determinants, as measured by the ORC instrument, predicted implementation of assessment instruments and treatment methods. Profiles with high scores on institutional resources, staff attributes and organizational climate and low scores on motivational readiness were associated with more successful implementation. Respondent-level specialist competence and the ORC factors of staff attributes and institutional resources were related to the use of treatment methods. The ORC factor of organizational climate was related to the increase of cross-sectionalcollaboration at a respondent level. Years of employment working with substance users predicted increased use of assessment instruments and in contrast, the ORC factor institutional resources available were negatively related to instrument use. No predictors were found at the region/municipality level. The majority of respondents were positive to the national guidelines and found them useful in their daily work. They also reported positive attitudes to the KtP project. In 2011, two-thirds of the process managers from Sweden's 21 counties assessed that KtP's most important results were access to education and method support. The one-year follow-up web survey distributed to the participants in core curriculum courses showed that memory retention of the course content was fair. Eighty per cent of the respondents gave the correct answer to seven out of nine questions. User organizations still existed in most regions and they reported increased influence in the field of substance use treatment, both in social services and within health care services.

  • 54.
    Billsten, Johan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Benderix, Ylva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Implementation of user organizations in Swedish health care and social services for persons with substance use disorders2019In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden, the National Guidelines for Substance Abuse Treatment includes new recommendations concerning integrating a user perspective. From 2009 to 2014, the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare supported and financed the development of organizations serving regional users. The programme was evaluated, and the results showed a development of user influence in substance use treatment services in 20 out of 21 regions by 2014. The implementation of user organizations’ influence was evaluated in 2018 for this follow-up study.

    Aim: The aim of this four-year follow-up study was to evaluate whether user organizations continued existing once national support ended, and whether their influence in social services and health care, at both organizational and individual levels had been implemented.

    Method: A questionnaire was dispatched to 20 regional user organizations. It included information and questions focused on their situation, and on participants’ experiences of the influence of user organizations in health care and social service.

    Results: The results obtained from the questionnaire show that 14 out of 20 user organizations still existed and reported a developed influence in social services and health care at organizational and individual levels. National support was perceived as necessary for the ongoing development of user organizations and to continue increasing their influence.

    Conclusions: Support at the national level initiated the development of user influence in Sweden, which has increased at both organizational and individual levels in the context of social services, as well as in health care for persons with substance use disorders.

  • 55.
    Billsten, Johan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Lund University;Halmstad University.
    Fridell, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Holmberg, Robert
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Organizational Readiness for Change (ORC) test used in the implementation of assessment instruments and treatment methods in a Swedish National study2018In: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, ISSN 0740-5472, E-ISSN 1873-6483, Vol. 84, p. 9-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational climate and related factors are associated with outcome and are as such of vital interest for healthcare organizations. Organizational Readiness for Change (ORC) is the questionnaire used in the present study to assess the influence of organizational factors on implementation success. The respondents were employed in one of 203 Swedish municipalities within social work and psychiatric substance/abuse treatment services. They took part in a nationwide implementation project organized by the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR), commissioned by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. Aim: The aims were: (a) to identify classes (dusters) of employees with different ORC profiles on the basis of data collected in 2011 and (b) to investigate ORC profiles which predicted the use of assessment instruments, therapy methods and collaborative activities in 2011 and 2013. Design and recruitment: The evaluation study applied a naturalistic design with registration of outcome at consecutive assessments. The participants were contacted via official e-mail addresses in their respective healthcare units and were encouraged by their officials to participate on a voluntary basis. Statistics: Descriptive statistics were obtained using SPSS version 23. A latent profile analysis (LPA) using Mplus 73 was performed with a robust maximum likelihood estimator (MLR) to identify subgroups (clusters) based on the 18 ORC indexes. Results: A total of 2402 employees responded to the survey, of whom 1794 (74.7%) completed the ORC scores. Descriptive analysis indicated that the respondents were a homogenous group of employees, where women (72.0%) formed the majority. Cronbach's alpha for the 18 ORC indexes ranged from alpha = 0.67 to alpha = 0.78. A principal component analysis yielded a four -factor solution explaining 62% of the variance in total ORC scores. The factors were: motivational readiness (alpha = 0.64), institutional resources (alpha = 0.52), staff attributes (alpha = 0.76), and organizational climate (alpha = 0.74). An LPA analysis of the four factors with their three distinct profiles provided the best data fit: Profile 3 (n = 614), Profile 2 (n = 934), and Profile 1 (n = 246). Respondents with the most favorable ORC scores (Profile 3) used significantly more instruments and more treatment methods and had a better collaborating network in 2011 as well as in 2013 compared to members in Profile 1, the least successful profile. Conclusion: In a large sample of social work and healthcare professionals, ORC scores reflecting higher institutional resources, staff attributes and organizational climate and lower motivational readiness for change were associated with a successful implementation of good practice guidelines for the care and treatment of substance users in Sweden. Low motivational readiness as a construct may indicate satisfaction with the present situation. As ORC proved to be an indicator of successful dissemination of evidence-based guidelines into routine and specialist healthcare, it can be used to tailor interventions to individual employees or services and to improve the dissemination of and compliance with guidelines for the treatment of substance users. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 56.
    Billsten, Johan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Holmberg, Robert
    Lund university.
    Benderix, Ylva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Evidensbaserad praktik inom missbruks- och beroendevården2014In: Implementering av evidensbaserad praktik / [ed] Per Nilsen, Falkenberg: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2014, 1, p. 233-245Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Birgersson, Matilda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Amalie Sofie, Drivenes Moen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    ”Jag känner ABSOLUT inte att jag får några såhär kärlekskänslor”: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om unga kvinnors känslomässiga och relationella upplevelser av tillfälliga sexuella relationer2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study was to examine the emotional and relational experiences of casual sex relationships (CSR) among women in emerging adulthood. Furthermore, the purpose of this study was to examine expectations within CSR, how the participants cope with their experiences and which factors that affect the emotional experience. Six semi-structured interviews were conducted and analyzed according to Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) as a method. The analysis resulted in three main themes: Expectations in and characteristics of CSR, The individual´s approach to and influence of CSR and The primary factors affecting the emotional experience. The results showed that there generally is an expectation of CSR to be an emotionless kind of relationship. The relationship is characterized by a high degree of uncertainty and ambiguity as well as freedom. Different strategies used by the participants to cope with these expectations and characteristics emerged. The participants also described approaches which are believed to be a result of the prevailing gender norms, such as an ambivalence between different expectations and a tendency to take a large social- and emotional responsibility. Lastly, the primary factors affecting the participant´s emotional experience of CSR were described in terms of a congruence between want and get, awareness of ones own experiences, authentic relating and respect for boundaries.

  • 58.
    Bisaillon, Beth
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The Followers perspective on the connetions between perceived servant leadership, affect and cognition-based trust and prosocial motivation2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study was initiated for the purpose to further understand the theoretical relationship between followers trust of the closest bound perceived servant leader and the predictability of the  followers organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). Specifically, this study looked at the modifying effect of the followers prosocial motivation—the desire to benefit other people (Grant, 2008) on multilevel dimensions of trust (i.e. affect- and cognition-based trust) and how this could possibly predict if at all followers OCB. There is far less research specifically about servant leaders than those implementing transformational leadership theory (Joseph & Winston, 2005; van Dierendonck & Nuijten, 2011). There are numerous studies using transformational leadership based on the well-defined parameters that are proven to be a relatively strong predictive variable in a variety of theoretical fields (N. Eva, Sendjaya, & Prajogo, 2015). Zhu and Akhtars’ (2014) study on transformational leadership behavior and multi-levels of trust is the inspiration to the current research project. The current research project is a close replication of Zhu and Akhtars’ (2014) model with the replacement of transformational leadership with servant leadership. Data were collected from 39 followers and four leaders from seven different facilities in the greater Stockholm area. The results showed that affect-based trust mediated the relationship between servant-based leadership and followers OCB. In addition, affect-based trust mediated the relationship between servant leadership and followers OCB only with those with high prosocial motivation. As for cognition-based trust, there seems to be some interaction between cognition-based trust and the relationship between servant leadership and followers with low prosocial motivation. These results strengthen the conclusions of the original study by Zhu and Akhtar (2014). Finding that servant leadership does not predict follower’s organizational citizenship behaviors alone. To reach a better understanding on followers OCB and their interaction within a servant leadership organization one must look at the individual followers’ level of trust and prosocial motivation variables to further our understanding on how to encourage OCB. 

  • 59.
    Bjurestam, Sara
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Zail, Sophie
    Läromedel ur ett jämställdhetsperspektiv: En kvalitativ bildanalys gällande representationen och framställningen av män samt kvinnor i svenska läromedel för psykologiämnet på gymnasienivå2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett av skolans uppdrag är att aktivt motverka traditionella könsmönster, där varje lärare är ansvarig för sin undervisning och att den präglas av ett jämställdhetsperspektiv. Till sin hjälp använder sig lärare ofta av olika typer av läromedel, vilket ställer höga krav på att dessa inte reproducerar traditionella föreställningar om manligt och kvinnligt. Därmed behövs en kartläggning av läromedlens framställning av män och kvinnor. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka i hur stor utsträckning män och kvinnor representeras på bild, samt i vilka sammanhang som de representeras. Detta gjordes genom en kvalitativ samt polariserande bildanalys. Undersökningen utgick från ett icke-slumpmässigt bekvämlighetsurval av sex stycken svenska läromedel i psykologi för gymnasienivå. Resultaten visade att det finns stora skillnader i manlig och kvinnlig representation inom, samt mellan läromedel, men att kvinnor generellt sett representeras lite mer än män i de undersökta läromedlen. Däremot framställs ofta män och kvinnor utifrån sina könskodade attribut, även om det är vanligare att kvinnor framställs i enlighet med de manliga attributen – än tvärtom. Dock var skillnaderna i många fall, små.

  • 60.
    Bjäremo, Svante
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Forsén, Mattias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Återkallning av Meningsbärande Enheter med Hjälp av Stödord och Internet: Ett kvasiexperiment för att undersöka återkallning av semantiskt meningsbärande enheter med externa hjälpmedel2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current study sought to examine if post-produced semantic memory cues are a good aid for memory recall. It also focused on remembering units with a meaning, instead of just remembering lists of words. In the current study a factual text was used where the participants were tasked with recalling as much information as possible either with the aid of cues (keywords written by the participants themselfs), computer with Internet or no aids at all. The results showed that keywords are significantly better for memory recall. The results were discussed in regards to modern models describing semantic memory. The study method was thoroughly analyzed because of its novel design.

  • 61.
    Blom, Ida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Dahlgren, Siri
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sexual compliance och Självobjektifiering: En studie på gymnasieelever i årskurs tre2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies have shown that a considerate amount of young adults agrees to have sex, despite not actually wanting to have sex (also known as sexual compliance). No previous studies have studied the phenomenon in a Swedish context. The current study examined sexual compliance and self-objectification among students in their final year at Swedish upper secondary school. Two self-objectification-variables were examined: body surveillance and body shame. Onlinesurveys that contained the self-objectification questionnaire OBC-Y and questions concerning sexual compliance were distributed. 102 women and 55 men were included in the analysis. The results showed no significant differences in self-objectification between men who had been sexually compliant and men who had not. Women who had been sexually compliant had a significant higher body-surveillance, compared to women who had not been sexually compliant. No significant correlations or differences were found between how individuals perceive they have been affected by sexual compliance and self-objectification, the participant’s sex or in what kind of relationships sexual compliance had occurred. The participants’ most common reason for sexual compliance was to satisfy their partner’s needs, and the most common reason for not wanting to engage in sex was because the participants were not in the mood for having sex. Future interventions are discussed.

  • 62.
    Blücker Bäckström, Viktor
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Peolsson, Victor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Social Identity in Social Media: A Qualitative study on Upper Secondary Students Experiences in Social Media2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka hur gymnasieelever upplever sociala medier utifrån Tajfels (1974) Social identity theory (SIT) samt vilka negativa och positiva aspekter gymnasieelever upplever med sociala medier. Med hjälp av en kvalitativ intervjumetod utgör svaren från tolv gymnasieelever i södra Sverige empirin för studiens resultat. Tidigare forskning har visat att responsen av andra medlemmar på sociala medier spelar stor roll för ungdomars psykiska välbefinnande. Resultatet visade att anledningen till informanternas användning av sociala medier till stor del berodde på att andra i deras umgängeskrets var aktiva, att informanterna upplevde kränkningar som ett oacceptabelt, men vanligt förekommande, beteende på sociala medier. Allt material bearbetades utifrån Burnards (1991) innehållsanalys där författarna utifrån empirins basala koder konstruerade följande huvudteman/underteman: kommunikation/anonymitet, etik/olämpligt beteende och tillhörighet/gruppidentitet. I diskussionsavsnittet diskuterade författarna resultatet med utgångspunkt utifrån den tidigare forskningen samt SIT. Här diskuterades bland annat att både tidigare forskning samt föreliggande resultat har funnit att individer upplevde en trygghet i att diskutera ämnen av mer kontroversiell karaktär bakom en skärm.

  • 63.
    Boman, Magnus
    et al.
    KTH Royal Instute of Technology, Sweden.
    Ben Abdesslem, Fehmi
    RISE, Sweden.
    Forsell, Erik
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Region Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gillblad, Daniel
    RISE, Sweden.
    Görnerup, Olof
    RISE, Sweden.
    Isacsson, Nils
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Region Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sahlgren, Magnus
    RISE, Sweden.
    Kaldo, Viktor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Region Stockholm, Sweden.;Linnaeus Univ, Fac Hlth & Life Sci, Dept Psychol, Vaxjo, Sweden.
    Learning machines in Internet-delivered psychological treatment2019In: Progress in Artificial Intelligence, ISSN 2192-6352, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 475-485Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A learning machine, in the form of a gating network that governs a finite number of different machine learning methods, is described at the conceptual level with examples of concrete prediction subtasks. A historical data set with data from over 5000 patients in Internet-based psychological treatment will be used to equip healthcare staff with decision support for questions pertaining to ongoing and future cases in clinical care for depression, social anxiety, and panic disorder. The organizational knowledge graph is used to inform the weight adjustment of the gating network and for routing subtasks to the different methods employed locally for prediction. The result is an operational model for assisting therapists in their clinical work, about to be subjected to validation in a clinical trial.

  • 64.
    Bondesson, Tilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Personligt ledarskap, kvantitativ effektmätning av utbildningen Take Personal Leadership2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Personal leadership in organizations leads to increased production and effectiveness through employee’s comfort and well-being (Karp, 2013; Manz, 1986). The subject has been discussed and went from concerning only the leaders of the organization to concern all employee. This study examines the effect of a training in personal leadership at a company in Sweden. The hypothesis set is that there is a difference in experienced personal leadership between those who completed the training in comparison to those who has not completed the training. All participants were employed at the company and had completed or was to conduct the training. The data collection was conducted through online surveys based on a self-assessment form ASLQ, which measured personal leadership with the participants. An independent t-test was conducted and showed a significant difference in personal leadership and the conclusion was made that the training has a positive effect and that the training develops the employees’ personal leadership. The result of the study goes hand in hand with earlier research which states trainings in personal development does have impact on experienced personal leadership (Klagge, 1996).

  • 65.
    Bratt, Anna S.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Surviving the loss of a child, a spouse, or both: Implications on life satisfaction and mortality in older ages2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Losing a loved one – a child or a spouse –is described as one of the most stressful or negative experience of a person’s life. Aging is associated with a higher risk of the death of close family members, yet few studies have investigated the impact of such losses on different health outcomes either by type of loss or by the combined loss of both a child and a spouse. This thesis is based on three studies examining the effect of bereavement on the health of older adults who have lost a child, spouse, or both and whether the different losses were associated with Life Satisfaction (LS) or mortality. The sample was collected from the Swedish National Study of Aging and Care (SNAC).

    The results showed that the loss of a child, spouse or both was experienced as among the three most important negative life events in the bereaved groups. About 70% of those bereaved of a child or a spouse mentioned these losses as among their three most important negative life experiences. In the child-and-spouse-bereaved group, 48% mentioned both losses while 40% mentioned only the loss of a child or a spouse, but not both. However, only marginally effects on LS and mortality after child, spouse or child-spouse bereavement in older adults was found. Longer time since the loss was associated with higher LS and lower mortality risk, and type of loss did not seem to determine LS or mortality. Gender differences were found: child-, spouse and child-and-spouse-bereaved men had lower LS than the corresponding groups of bereaved women, and furthermore, child-bereaved men had an increased mortality risk compared to child-bereaved women. Finally, significantly more women in the child-and-spouse-bereaved group compared to the men in this group, mentioned the loss of their child but not the spouse, among the three most important negative life events.

     

  • 66.
    Bratt, Anna S.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fagerström, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Blekinge County Council.
    Self-compassion in old age: confirmatory factor analysis of the 6-factor model and the internal consistency of the Self-compassion scale-short form2019In: Aging & Mental Health, ISSN 1360-7863, E-ISSN 1364-6915Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Self-compassion is a psychological construct associated with self-acceptance and coping with the aging process. The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), in both long and short forms, is the most widely used measure of self-compassion. Studies on the psychometric properties of the short form (SCS-SF) are scarce. The aim of this study was to translate into Swedish and test the psychometric properties of the SCS-SF. Another aim was to investigate whether self-compassion differs by age and gender in older adults.

    Method: We tested the Swedish SCS-SF in a sample of 594 randomly selected older adults, aged 66 to 102 years, for internal consistency, construct validity, and factor structure.

    Results: The results showed the SCS-SF had acceptable internal consistency in the total sample (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.68) and somewhat higher (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.76) in the youngest old (age 66 years). The six-factor structure found in the original study was not observed in confirmatory factor analyses in our older sample. Exploratory factor analyses showed that a two-factor solution, formed by the positive and negative components had the best fit; however, only the negative component had good internal consistency.

    Conclusion: Overall, the SCS-SF seemed to have insufficient reliability in this sample of older adults and further studies are needed to see whether new instruments are needed for this population. Self-compassion was generally higher in men than women, but did not differ by age in this sample of older adults.

  • 67.
    Bratt, Anna S.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stenström, Ulf
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rennemark, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Effects on life satisfaction of older adults after child and spouse bereavement2017In: Aging & Mental Health, ISSN 1360-7863, E-ISSN 1364-6915, Vol. 21, no 6, p. 602-608Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Few studies have compared the impact of different familial losses on life satisfaction (LS). Furthermore, there is a lack of research on the effect of having lost both a child and a spouse among older adults. Sample: A random sample of 1402 individuals, 817 women and 585 men, aged 60–96 years from the Blekinge part of the Swedish National Study of Aging and Care (SNAC-B) participated in this cross-sectional study. Aims: The first aim was to compare the effects of child or spouse or both child and spouse bereavement on LS and, the second aim, to investigate if there were gender differences within the bereaved groups. Results: The results showed that having lost a child, spouse or both child and spouse had a negative association with LS, although this effect was small. Having experienced multiple losses did not predict more variance than a single child or spouse loss. Gender differences were found within all the bereaved groups with bereaved men having lower LS than bereaved women. Longer time since the loss was associated with higher LS. Conclusions: Bereaved older adults have somewhat lower LS than non-bereaved and bereaved men seem more affected than bereaved women. Future research needs to address older men´s experiences after the loss of a loved one.

  • 68.
    Bratt, Anna S.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stenström, Ulf
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rennemark, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Exploring the Most Important Negative Life Events in Older Adults Bereaved of Child, Spouse, or Both2018In: Omega, ISSN 0030-2228, E-ISSN 1541-3764, Vol. 76, no 3, p. 227-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Losing a child or a spouse is described as the worst of experiences. However, it is not known whether older adults bereaved of a child, spouse, or both child and spouse experience these losses as among the most important negative events in their life- time. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the 1,437 older adults bereaved of a child, spouse, or both included in the southern part of the Swedish National Study of Aging and Care mentioned these losses when asked about their three most important negative life events. Gender differences in their choices of important negative life events were also explored. About 70% of those bereaved of a child or a spouse mentioned these losses as among their three most important negative life experiences. In the child-and-spouse-bereaved group, 48% mentioned both the loss of their child and spouse, while 40% mentioned either the loss of a child or a spouse. Gender differences were only found in the child-and-spouse-bereaved group, with a few more women mentioning the loss of the child but not the spouse, and the men showing the opposite pattern. 

  • 69.
    Bratt, Anna S.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stenström, Ulf
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rennemark, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The Role of Neuroticism and Conscientiousness on Mortality Risk in Older Adults After Child and Spouse Bereavement2016In: Aging & Mental Health, ISSN 1360-7863, E-ISSN 1364-6915, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 559-566Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Bereavement effects on mortality risk were investigated in 1150 randomly selected participants, aged 60-104, in the Swedish National Study of Aging and Care.

    Method: Cox proportional hazards models, controlling for age, gender, functional ability, the personality traits neuroticism and conscientiousness as well as time since the latest loss were used to predict mortality risk.

    Results: Having lost a child, spouse or both child and spouse did not predict mortality risk. An indirect link between bereavement and mortality was found showing for each year since loss the mortality risk decreased by about 1%. Neuroticism, but not conscientiousness, was associated with mortality risk, with a small-effect size.

    Conclusions: The different bereavements did not predict mortality risk while an indirect link was found showing that mortality risk decreased with time.

  • 70.
    Bratt, Anna S.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Region Västra Götaland, Sweden.
    Svensson, Idor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rusner, Marie
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden;Region Västra Götaland, Sweden.
    Finding confidence and inner trust as a parent: experiences of group-based compassion-focused therapy for the parents of adolescents with mental health problems2019In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 1-9, article id 1684166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) can alleviate the stress and challenges faced by the parents of adolescents with mental health (MH) problems. Although CFT interventions have shown promising results, few studies have examined its effectiveness in adolescent psychiatric settings. Therefore, this study examined the participant experiences of group-based CFT for the parents of adolescents with MH problems.

    Methods: The reflective lifeworld research (RLR) approach was used to conduct in-depth interviews with eleven parents, focusing on participant experiences of group-based CFT. Meaning-oriented data analysis was undertaken.

    Results: The essential meaning of the phenomenon of participating in group-based CFT was understood as finding confidence and inner trust as a parent, characterized by an understanding of one’s own needs, which provided parents with the confidence to support their children. The phenomenon is further explicated with its three constituents: (a) taking care of oneself and one’s child; (b) being open and sharing experiences; and (c) acceptance and hope for the future.

    Conclusions: The CFT intervention enabled parents to find their agency and strengthened their relationships with their children. The findings underscore the need to acknowledge the supportive role parents play in the recovery of children who receive psychiatric care.

  • 71.
    Burns, Gary N.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Wright State Univ, USA.
    Morris, Megan B.
    Wright State Univ, USA.
    Periard, David A.
    Wright State Univ, USA.
    LaHuis, David
    Wright State Univ, USA.
    Flannery, Nicholas M.
    Coll Wooster, USA.
    Carretta, Thomas R.
    Air Force Res Lab, USA.
    Roebke, Mark
    Wright State Univ, USA.
    Criterion-related validity of a Big Five general factor of personality from the TIPI to the IPIP2017In: International Journal of Selection and Assessment, ISSN 0965-075X, E-ISSN 1468-2389, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 213-222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The criterion validity of a general factor of personality (GFP) extracted from personality scales of various lengths was explored in relation to organizational behavior and subjective well-being with 288 employed students. Results indicated that GFPs extracted from as few as 10 items were significantly related to organizational outcomes. The relationship between GFP scores and outcomes generally increased with the length of the underlying scales, but these differences were reduced when correcting for reliability. Additionally, in over 60% of the analyses the GFPs exhibited higher correlations with specific outcomes compared to specific Big Five scores; this was true of 100% of the analyses using a broad, composite criterion. These results highlight the potential utility of the GFP as a screening tool when extracted from Big Five inventories from 10 to 100 items.

  • 72.
    Bäckhed, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Törmänen, Isabella
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Arbetstillfredsställelse: En kvantitativ studie om skillnader i arbetstillfredsställelse mellan arbetare och tjänstemän2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine if blue- and white collar workers differ in self-rated job-satifaction  and  also to find out if job-satisfacaction can be predicted by gender, age, period of employment and union affiliation. The study was performed at a state university in southern Sweden. The sample consisted of 80 employees from four different departments, the accounting department, the department of human reosurces, the IT department and the service department. Of these were 26 blue collar-workers and 54 white collar-workers based on union affiliation. The questionnaire was about psychosocial work environment (PAK) and is based on the test of Sigvard Rubenowitz. The test measures job-satisfaction by five different scales, self-control, work management, working community, work incentive and work load. Statistical analysis with t-test and multiple regression analysis revealed a significant difference between blue collar workers and white collar workers where white collar-workers felt more work incentive, more self-control and felt a higher work load. The result also revealed that period of employment was a significant predictor for work load and age was a significant predictor for work management and work incentive.

  • 73.
    Bäckman, Sarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Motiverad för arbete eller pension?: En kvantitativ undersokning om pensionsforvantningar, arbetsmotivation ocharbetstillfredsstallelse2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract

    En okad medellivslangd gor att en langre tid spenderas som pensionarer och forslag att hoja pensionsaldern har forts fram. En samre halsa anges ofta som argument for en bibehallen eller lagre pensionsalder, tidigare forskning har visat samband mellan motivation och arbetstillfredsstallelse, men aven att pensionsforvantningar kan kopplas ihop med tidpunkten av en individs pensionering.

    Syftet i denna undersokning var att studera sambandet mellan pensionsforvantningar, arbetsmotivation och arbetstillfredsstallelse och detta gjordes genom ett urval av 95 personer som framst arbetade inom offentlig sektor. En multipel regressionsanalys kunde forklara 10% av variansen i pensionsforvantningarna genom de olika undersokningsvariablerna. En Pearson´s korrelation visade pa en negativ korrelation mellan pensionsforvantningar och inre motivation och arbetstillfredsstallelse och en positiv korrelation mellan pensionsforvantningar och olika grader av motivation. En envags ANOVA visade pa en signifikant skillnad mellan deltagarna med negativa och positiva pensionsforvantningar i olika motivationsfaktorer och bakgrundsfaktorer sasom alder, utbildning och halsa. En forklaring till dessa resultat skulle kunna vara en upplevelse av bristande gemenskap, kompetens och sjalvbestammande pa arbetsplatsen.

  • 74.
    Cansund, Håkan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Milding, Rebecca
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Föräldrars upplevelser kring samvaro med sina barn: En kvalitativ intervjustudie kring hur föräldrar upplever samvaron och hur delaktiga de är i samvaron med sina barn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att få ökad förståelse för hur delaktiga svenska föräldrar var i samvaron med dess barn samt hur meningsfull de upplevde samvaron. Denna kvalitativa studie samlade empiri genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med föräldrar (N =14) till barn mellan 6-8 år. Data analyserades med innehållsanalys (Burnard, 1991). Tidigare forskning hade fokus på samvaro och delaktighet vilket kunde påverka hur informanterna såg på meningsfullheten i deltagandet av barnens lek, sysselsättningar men även på barnens delaktighet i planeringen kring familjens aktiviteter. Studiens resultat visade att informanterna ansåg sig lida av tidsbrist vilket negativt påverkade hur de upplevde samvaron och delaktigheten med sina barn. En annan viktig faktor var att förälderns mobilanvändning konkurrerade om informanternas uppmärksamhet till dess barn. Informanterna ansåg att det generellt var höga krav att vara förälder men de menade att meningsfullheten ökade desto större delaktighet det var från hela familjen, samt att fokus behölls på samvaron. Resultaten diskuterades utifrån tidigare gjord forskning kring föräldrars och familjers samvaro och engagemang i varandras tid. Diskussionen behandlade delar kring exempelvis att gemenskap mellan föräldrar och barn stärker familjebanden. Samt att spontanitet blir lidande på grund av ett aktivt arbetsliv och för mycket planerat i familjerna.

  • 75.
    Carlbom, Emelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Holmberg, Fanny
    "Det är de små ljusglimtarna som gör det": En kvalitativ studie kring hur lärare beskriver sin motivation till yrket.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att ta reda på hur yrkesverksamma lärare beskrev sin motivation och arbetstillfredsställelse till läraryrket. Föreliggande studie ansågs betydelsefull eftersom det var ett väldiskuterat ämne i samhället. Lärarbristen har blivit mer omtalad och fler lärare har valt att sluta på grund av orsaker som hög arbetsbelastning och stress. Föreliggande studie är en kvalitativ intervjustudie på yrkesverksamma lärare i södra Sverige. Lärarna fick under semistrukturerade intervjuer dela med sig om deras tankar kring hur motivationen och arbetstillfredställelsen såg ut till läraryrket. Intervjuerna transkriberades sedan och kategoriserades upp i olika teman, kategorier och underkategorier. Studiens resultat visade på att en högre motivation och arbetstillfredställelse i läraryrket oftast berodde på en bra arbetsmiljö där det fanns plats för personlig utveckling för den enskilda läraren. Personlig utveckling fanns främst genom elever och andra lärare. Lärarna ansåg att det var mycket betydelsefullt med en god relation till både kollegor och elever. Lärares motivation och arbetstillfredsställelse höjdes också när de fick någon form av feedback. Studiens resultat berörde även de delar som bidrog till att motivationen sänktes och arbetstillfredsställelsen blev lägre. Det handlade främst om kravet från skolledningen, elevers höga krav eller i vissa fall brist på feedback. Dessa krav innebar ofta en högre arbetsbelastning och bidrog till minskad tid till undervisning. Studien avslutas med att koppla samman psykologiska teorier med studiens resultat. 

  • 76.
    Carlsson, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    En kvalitativ studie rörande gymnasielärares syn på och uppfattning av genus och jämställdhet i klassrummet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 77.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    A closer look at the discrimination outcomes in the IAT literature2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 278-287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To what extent the IAT (Implicit Association Test, Greenwald et al., 1998) predicts racial and ethnic discrimination is a heavily debated issue. The latest meta-analysis by Oswald et al. (2013) suggests a very weak association. In the present meta-analysis, we switched the focus from the predictor to the criterion, by taking a closer look at the discrimination outcomes. We discovered that many of these outcomes were not actually operationalizations of discrimination, but rather of other related, but distinct, concepts, such as brain activity and voting preferences. When we meta-analyzed the main effects of discrimination among the remaining discrimination outcomes, the overall effect was close to zero and highly inconsistent across studies. Taken together, it is doubtful whether the amalgamation of these outcomes is relevant criteria for assessing the IAT's predictive validity of discrimination. Accordingly, there is also little evidence that the IAT can meaningfully predict discrimination, and we thus strongly caution against any practical applications of the IAT that rest on this assumption. However, provided that the application is thoroughly informed by the current state of the literature, we believe the IAT can still be a useful tool for researchers, educators, managers, and students who are interested in attitudes, prejudices, stereotypes, and discrimination.

  • 78.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    A closer look at the discrimination outcomes in the IAT literature2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To what extent the IAT predicts racial and ethnic discrimination is a heavily debated issue.The latest meta-analysis by Oswald et al. (2013) suggests a very weak association. In the present meta-analysis, we took a closer look at the discrimination outcomes, and found that many of the outcomes were unsuitable operationalizations of discrimination. Furthermore, we found virtually no overall discrimination for the IAT to predict. Hence, the IAT has not yet been given a chance to prove its true worth. Indeed, evaluating the predictive validity of the IAT against these outcomes is similar to evaluating raincoats on sunny days; we should not besurprised if the raincoats receive a bad score, but this does not invalidate their usefulness in rainy weather. Given the current state of affairs, it would thus be premature if researchers, educators, and managers simply were to remove the IAT from their toolbox.

  • 79.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Methodological issues in predicting discrimination from attitudes, prejudices, and stereotypes2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A central question for social psychologists is to what extent attitudes, prejudice, and stereotypes are precursors of ethnic and racial discrimination. Operationalized, this question can be framed as the extent measures of such constructs predict differential treatment of individuals from one group compared to a comparison group. Yet, in the literature, it is common to substitute this operationalization for a simpler one: measures predicting behavior toward a single group. We argue that this simpler operationalization lacks validity and yields uninformative effect sizes. We provide several suggestions on how to include, and make most use of, comparison groups, when predicting discrimination.

  • 80.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Björklund, Fredrik
    Lund University.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Backlash and hiring: A field experiment on agency, communion, and gender2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender stereotypes describe women as communal and men asagentic. Laboratory based research (Rudman & Glick 1999; 2001)suggests that trying to disconfirm such descriptive genderstereotypes (e.g., women self-promoting their agency), entails therisk of hiring discrimination due to violation of prescriptive genderstereotypes: a backlash. To examine whether backlash occurs whenapplying for real jobs, we conducted a field experiment. Gender,agency and communion were manipulated in the personal profile of5,562 applications sent to 3,342 job openings on the Swedish labormarket. The dependent variable was whether the applicationresulted in an invitation to a job interview or not. The results do notoffer any support for the backlash hypothesis at this stage in therecruitment process.

  • 81.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Björklund, Fredrik
    Lund University.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Testing for Backlash in Hiring: A Field Experiment on Agency, Communion, and Gender2014In: Journal of Personnel Psychology, ISSN 1866-5888, E-ISSN 2190-5150, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 204-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender stereotypes describe women as communal and men as agentic. Laboratory based research (Rudman & Glick 1999; 2001) suggests that trying to disconfirm such descriptive gender stereotypes (e.g., women self-promoting their agency), entails the risk of hiring discrimination due to violation of prescriptive gender stereotypes: a backlash. To examine whether backlash occurs when applying for real jobs, we conducted a field experiment. Gender, agency and communion were manipulated in the personal profile of 5,562 applications sent to 3,342 job openings on the Swedish labor market. The dependent variable was whether the application resulted in an invitation to a job interview or not. The results do not offer any support for the backlash hypothesis at this stage in the recruitment process.

  • 82.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Björklund, Fredrik
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Testing for backlash in hiring: A field experiment on agency, communion,and gender2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been suggested that women (men) who appear agentic (communal) when applying for jobs suffer a backlash in the form of reduced chances of being hired. However, the evidence of backlash is mainly restricted to simulated hiring decisions with undergraduates as participants. To examine whether backlash occurs when men and women apply for real jobs in the labor market, we conducted a field experiment. Gender, agentic and communal traits were manipulated in the applications. Whether or not the applications resulted in a job interview invitation constituted the dependent variable. We find no evidence of backlash, suggesting that women are not punished for presenting themselves as agentic in their job applications, nor are men punished for appearing communal.

  • 83.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Williams, Donald
    Univ Calif Davis, USA.
    Burns, Gary N.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Florida Inst Technol, USA.
    A Primer on the benefits of differential treatment analysis when predicting discriminatory behavior2018In: Quantitative Methods for Psychology, E-ISSN 2292-1354, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 193-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A central question in social psychology is to what extent individual differences in attitudes, prejudices, and stereotypes can predict discriminatory behavior. This is often studied by simply regressing a measure of behavior toward a single group (e.g., behavior toward Black people only) onto the predictors (e.g., attitude measures). In the present paper, we remind researchers that an analysis focusing on predicting the differential treatment (e.g., behavior towards Black people vs. White people) has a higher conceptual validity and will result in more informative effect sizes. The paper is concluded with a list of suggestions for future research on the link between attitudes, prejudices, stereotypes and discrimination.

  • 84.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lindqvist, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Nordänger, Ulla Karin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Is teacher attrition a poor estimate of the value of teacher education? A Swedish case.2019In: European Journal of Teacher Education, ISSN 0261-9768, E-ISSN 1469-5928, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 243-257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Far from all who complete teacher education end up working as teachers throughout their entire career. At first sight the value of teacher education, in terms of efficiency, seems to be a failure. In the present article we argue that teacher attrition, when defined as whether one is working as teacher or not, is a too blunt measure to gauge whether teacher education has been valuable. With a unique dataset, where we have detailed information on 87 Swedish teacher graduates’ working life across 23 years, we can consider whether activities and/or experiences point to an apparent use of teacher education. In conclusion, we find that in order to get informative estimates of its value it is important to consider it from different perspectives and to consider attrition related to the total working time spent in educational settings across a career rather than percentage leaving teaching after a set of years.

  • 85.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Schimmack, Ulrich
    University of Toronto Mississauga, Canada.
    Williams, Donald
    University of California Davis, USA.
    Bürkner, Paul-Christian
    University of Münster, Germany.
    Bayes Factors From Pooled Data Are No Substitute for Bayesian Meta-Analysis: Commentary on Scheibehenne, Jamil, and Wagenmakers (2016)2017In: Psychological Science, ISSN 0956-7976, E-ISSN 1467-9280, Vol. 28, no 11, p. 1694-1697Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scheibehenne, Jamil, and Wagenmakers (2016; SJW) recently introduced Bayesian evidence synthesis (BES). They used it to combine evidence from seven published studies that examined the influence of social-norm messages on hotel towel reuse rates. Although most of the original studies provided non-significant results (p-value > .05), BES provided strong support for the effect (Bayes factor = 37). We think that this conclusion is wrong. We demonstrate that BES is inherently flawed because it pools data in a way that is vulnerable to a Simpson’s paradox, and that a Bayesian meta-analysis that avoids this problem produces weaker evidence. 

  • 86.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Schimmack, Ulrich
    University of Toronto, Canada.
    Williams, Donald R.
    University of California, USA.
    Bürkner, Paul-Christian
    University of Münster, Germany.
    Bayesian evidence synthesis is no substitute for meta-analysis: a re-analysis of Scheibehenne, Jamil and Wagenmakers (2016)2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Scheibehenne, Jamil, and Wagenmakers (2016; SJW) recently introduced Bayesian evidence synthesis (BES). They applied it to a set of original studies that examined the influence of social norms on towel reuse at hotels. While most of the original studies provided nonsignificant results (p > .05), BES provided “strong support” (p. 3) for the effect. Due to methodological limitations, we think that this conclusion is wrong and that BES suffers from several problems. Combining frequentist and Bayesian approaches, we: illustrate the perilsof pooling data; assess publication bias, and conduct a Bayesian meta-analysis.

  • 87.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sinclair, Samantha
    Lund University.
    Prototypes and same-gender bias in perceptions of hiring discrimination2018In: Journal of Social Psychology, ISSN 0022-4545, E-ISSN 1940-1183, Vol. 158, no 3, p. 285-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigated the relative importance of two explanations behind perceptions of gender discrimination in hiring: prototypes and same- gender bias. According to the prototype explanation, people perceive an event as discrimination to the extent that it fits their preconceptions of typical discrimination. In contrast, the same-gender bias explanation asserts that people more readily detect discrimination toward members of their own gender. In four experiments (n = 797), women and men made considerably stronger discrimination attributions, and were moderately more discouraged from seeking work, when the victim was female rather than male. Further, a series of regressions analyses showed beliefs in discrimination of women to be moderately correlated with discrimination attributions of female victims, but little added explanatory value of participant gender, stigma consciousness, or feminist identification. The results offer strong support for the prototype explanation. 

  • 88.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Sinclair, Samantha
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The Role of Prototypes and Same-Gender Bias in Attributions to Gender Discrimination in Hiring2013Report (Other academic)
  • 89.
    Christenson, Amanda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rosenstiel, Marina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Timhagen, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Är universitetsstudenters stress relaterad till deras personlighet?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Tidigare studier har visat att personlighet inverkar på stressnivån där extraversion och conscientiousness har haft det genomgående starkaste sambandet. Resultaten är dock inte entydiga och mer studier krävs för en ökad förståelse av personlighet och stress. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka sambandet mellan studenters personlighet och upplevda stress. Metod: I ett bekvämlighetsurval användes mätinstrumenten Perceived Stress Scale och NEO-FFI. Nittioåtta universitetsstudenter deltog i studien, varav 37 var män och 61 var kvinnor. Medelåldern var runt 24 år för båda könen. En multipel regressionsanalys gjordes för att se vilka prediktorer som hade störst förklaringskraft på stress. I analysen inkluderades utöver personlighet även ålder, kön och utbildningsår. Resultat: Resultaten visade ett signifikant samband mellan conscientiousness och stress (p<.001). Däremot sågs inga statistiskt signifikanta samband mellan extraversion, agreeableness, openness och upplevd stress. Dessutom hittades en signifikant könsskillnad gällande stress (p<.001) som innebär att kvinnor var mer stressade än män. Inget signifikant samband hittades med ålder och utbildningsår. Slutsats: Resultatet bekräftar tidigare fynd som visat samband mellan stressnivå och personlighetsegenskapen conscientiousness. Avsaknaden av samband mellan de övriga variablerna i den här studien indikerar att de resterande personlighetsegenskaperna inte tycks inverka på universitetsstudenters stressnivå. Undersökningen bekräftar också tidigare studier gällande att kvinnor är mer stressade än män.

  • 90.
    Colldin, Olivia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Luzha, Ilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Munsef, Nancy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Vilket studieår är studenter mest stressade?: En kvanitativ studie om upplevd stress bland universitetsstudenter i olika studieår2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that students transition from high school to university can lead to different levels of stress. However, there is no consensus of how the students’ stress levels develops throughout the years they study at a university. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine if there was a diffence in perceived stress between first year, second year, and third year students at a university in Sweden. A quantitative approach was applied, where the data was gathered through the Perceived Stress Scale 14 that was supplemeted with a selfconstructed self-rating scale and demographic questions. A total of 126 students participated in the survey where 41 were first-year students, 41 were second-year students, and 44 were third-year students. The empirical data was analyzed with the help of Karasek and Theorell’s (1990) job demand-controlsupport model and previous research. The result showed that there was no significant difference in perceived stress between the students in the different study-years, however, all students’ experienced a high level of stress.

  • 91.
    Corneteg, Filippa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Mina damer och herrar – hur står det till?: En kvantitativ studie av könsskillnaderna i stress, livskvalitet och self-efficacy2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen undersöker könsskillnader på de beroende variablerna livskvalitet, stress och self-efficacy. Den undersöker också om de oberoende variablerna fritidsintressen, ålder och socialt stöd påverkar. Frågeställningen är om det finns en negativ korrelation mellan stress och livskvalitet samt en negativ korrelation mellan stress och self-efficacy och slutligen om det finnas en positiv korrelation mellan livskvalitet och self-efficacy. I studien användes kvantitativ metod och stress mäts med PSS-10, self-efficacy med GSE och livskvalitet med BBQ. Pearsons korrelationstest visade på negativa korrelationer mellan livskvalitet och stress samt mellan stress och self-efficacy. Det fanns även en positiv korrelation mellan livskvalitet och self-efficacy. Multipel regression visade att socialt stöd predicerar livskvalitet och self-efficacy signifikant positivt och socialt stöd predicerar stress signifikant negativt.  Kön predicerar self-efficacy signifikant positiv och stress signifikant negativt. Oberoende t-test visade att det fanns signifikanta skillnader mellan könen på både self-efficacy och stress. Livskvalitet hade ingen korrelation med kön och oberoende t-test visade att det inte fanns någon signifikant könsskillnad på livskvalitet.

  • 92.
    Dahl, Mats
    et al.
    Lund Univ.
    Allwood, Carl Martin
    Univ Gothenburg.
    Scimone, Benjamin
    Lund Univ.
    Rennemark, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Old and very old adults as witnesses: Event memory and metamemory2015In: Psychology, Crime and Law, ISSN 1068-316X, E-ISSN 1477-2744, Vol. 21, no 8, p. 764-775Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Older people constitute an important category of eyewitnesses. Episodic memory performance in older persons is poorer than in younger adults, but little research has been made on older persons' metacognitive judgments. Since more persons of advanced age will likely be called upon as witnesses in coming years, it is critical to characterize this population's metacognitive abilities. We compared event memory metacognition in old adults (66-year-old, n = 74) to very old adults (87 or 90 years old, n = 55). Participants were tested on their memory of a film, using questions with two answer alternatives and the confidence in their answer. As expected, the very old group had a lower accuracy rate than the old group (d = 0.59). The very old group, however, monitored this impairment, since their over-/underconfidence and calibration did not differ from the old group but they displayed a poorer ability to separate correct from incorrect answers (discrimination ability). Possibly, the very old group was able to monitor the level of their over-/underconfidence because they applied general self-knowledge about their memory skills. In contrast, the discrimination of correct from incorrect answers may be more dependent on ability to attend to the features of each retrieved memory.

  • 93.
    Dahlin, Lena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    KASAM, betyg och stress: En undersökning om sambandet mellan KASAM, attityd till betyg samt upplevd stress hos gymnasieelever2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between SOC, attitudes towards grades, and perceived stress levels among adolescents, and whether there was any difference in this relation between gender. The first research hypothesis was: "there is a gender difference to the degree of SOC, attitude to grades, and perceived stress level". The second was that "SOC and attitude to grades, predict stress in adolescents". To answer these hypotheses, a questionnaire survey was carried out among upper secondary students, 95 boys and 89 girls. The result of the analysis showed a significant difference between the gender. Similarly, that the degree of SOC predicts stress in adolescents was detectable. Further analyses revealed that this evidence was only detected among boys, after splitting the gender into two groups. These results partly support earlier research. The conclusion of this study was that there is a gender difference in degree of SOC, attitudes toward grades, and the perceived stress level. Moreover, that SOC and the attitudes to grades, predicts stress is rejected for youth as group, but confirmed for boys. The results were discussed by differences in gender and SOC, lack of validity, and finally lack of generalization.

  • 94.
    Dahlman, Veronica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Upplevelser av utmattningssyndrom: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelser av utmattningssyndrom hos kvinnliga gymnasielärare2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 95.
    Dahlquist, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Yrkesinriktad self-efficacy och Arbetsengagemang2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Work engagement has a number of positive effects that benefit companies, and it may therefore be interesting to investigate what precedes work engagement. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between occupational self-efficacy and occupational work engagement. In order for the study to provide a picture of all of Sweden, a number of counties were selected around the country. Randomized managers from each county were asked to forward an e-mail with an information letter and a survey to the employment officers over which he or she was manager. When the employment officers (N = 163) had responded the surveys, a multiple regression analysis was made. The result showed that the relation between occupational self-efficacy and work engagement was close to moderate. In conclusion, there was a discussion about how employers can increase their employees' occupational self-efficacy. Practical guidelines on how to achieve this was also presented along with other previous research.

  • 96.
    Dahm, Marija-Elena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ofrivilligt isolerad från omvärlden: En kvalitativ studie om att vara frihetsberövad i arrest samt häkte2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur individer upplevt ofrivillig isolering under tiden de suttit anhållna och/eller häktade. För att uppnå syftet har kvalitativ metod använts där sju deltagare har intervjuats genom semistrukturerad metod. Samtliga intervjuer har genomförts enskilt i cirka 60 minuter. Intervjuerna har spelats in och sedan analyserats. I analysprocessen har samtalen transkriberats, meningsbärande enheter klippts ut och sedan kondenserats. De kondenserade texterna har sedan kodats med öppen kodning och kategorier har tagits fram. Resultatet är indelat i de fyra teman Upplevelse under isolering, Stöd under isolering, Upplevelse efter isolering samt Stöd efter isolering vilka visar att deltagarna önskar att de fått stöd och hjälp i form av mer information om sina rättigheter i arresten/häktet, vad som händer och hur rättsprocessen går till. Vidare visar även resultatet att deltagarna upplevt negativ psykisk effekt under isoleringen som koncentrationssvårigheter och negativa känslor. Slutsatsen är att isolering påverkar individer samt att information är viktigt för att individer i isolering ska uppleva att de har kontroll över sin situation.

  • 97.
    DAI, WENZE
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Babani, Donya Azizi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Intersectionality, gender identity and ethnicity discrimination in resume evaluations2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current thesis aims to identify the presence of discrimination effecting intersectional women, focusing on the intersection of gender identity (cisgender versus transgender) and ethnicity (Swedish versus Arabic) in the recruitment process, in relation to two job positions of kindergarten teacher and kindergarten principal. Additionally, we aim to investigate the social cognition stereotypes regarding warmth and competence associating with that intersection. Furthermore, Intersectionality is adopted as a conceptual framework for deciphering discrimination targeting intersectional women. In order to investigate the proposed research questions, a mixed-design quantitative experiment was conducted. The results indicate the presence of significant discrimination against transgender women in comparison with cisgender women with respect to perceived employability for the kindergarten teacher position. Results further indicate the lack of significant interactive effect of gender identity and ethnicity on both job positions. Lastly, there was no significant evidence of group difference in stereotypes of warmth and competence. Practical implications of the current results will be further discussed.

  • 98.
    Danielsson, Karin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Empatiskt bemötande i arbetslivet: En intervjustudie om upplevelsen av empatiskt bemötande bland vårdpersonal2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att bredda förståelsen för empatiskt bemötande på jobbet. Frågeställningarna handlade om vad det var som gjorde att människor kände sig empatiskt bemötta, samt vad de upplevde att utfallet av bemötandet blev. Målgruppen var vårdpersonal, och data samlades in med hjälp av nio semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Burnards stegvisa analysmodell användes för att generera en trädstruktur med sjutton underkategorier som grupperades i sex kategorier, vilka slutligen delades in under två teman som motsvarade frågeställningarna.

    Resultatet visade att empati kunde uttryckas genom att empatisören bland annat lyssnade, tog ögonkontakt och ställde frågor. Förståelse och respekt var viktiga förhållningssätt, och ett öppet och lugnt beteende bidrog också till att skapa en empatisk atmosfär. Speglingar och bekräftanden kunde tillsammans med stöd och hjälp ytterligare befästa empatin. Ett empatiskt bemötande hade också potential att förbättra mottagarens sinnestillstånd, samt skapa kraft och en förtroendefull relation.

    Slutsatsen var att denna studie bekräftade tidigare forskning om signaler för empatiskt bemötande. Vidare forskning föreslogs för att ytterligare undersöka de signaler som framkommit i denna studie, samt även undersöka samma frågeställningar i andra kontexter.

  • 99.
    Davidsson, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Mobbning i skolan: En kvantitativ studie om elevers förståelse av mobbning och åtgärder för att förhindra uppkomsten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Alla har vi någon gång känt oss kränkta men många individer blir kränkta upprepade gånger vilket då anses som mobbning. Mobbning är vanligt förekommande i skolmiljöer där olika individer tvingas att samspela. Att inte stoppa mobbningen i tid innebär problem för den utsatta individen men också för samhället i stort i form av psykisk ohälsa. Mobbning kan ses på olika sätt utifrån olika individer vilket denna studie syftar till. Studien är av kvantitativ karaktär och använder sig av enkäter för att försöka förstå hur eleverna i årskurs fyra, fem, sex och lärare ser på mobbing samt vad dem anser är mobbning för att på så sätt kunna finna metoder för att stoppa mobbningen. Resultatet gav samband mellan att mobba och bli mobbad samt skillnader mellan eleverna och lärarna med förslag på åtgärder för att stoppa mobbning. 

  • 100.
    Demberg, Fredrika
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gustafsson, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Anknytningsstil: En undersökning om arbetstillfredsställelse och anknytningsstil hos anställda i vårdsektorn2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine Attachment Theory in relation to working life. Attachment Theory deals with the interaction between nursing and attachment. The theory includes different attachment styles: secure, avoidant and anxious that people acquire depending on how they are treated by their primary caregiver while growing up. The main purpose was to investigate whether a secure attachment style generates high job satisfaction. The study was based on Self Determination Theory which states that the needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness should be met to create motivation and achieve higher satisfaction. The theory also contains two different forms of motivation: autonomous and controlled, which in the present study were investigated in relation to the attachment styles. The population was health care workers (n = 88) in a municipality in southern Sweden. Descriptive data showed that health care workers have a predominantly secure attachment style. The results of this study showed that there was a significant correlation between high job satisfaction and high level of secure attachment style (p = .006). The results showed no significant differences in motivation between the various attachment styles. The main conclusion in this study was that secure attachment style can predict high job satisfaction (p = .007).

1234567 51 - 100 of 465
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf