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  • 51.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Glemne, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Hedberg, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Linnér, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Lärande och det pedagogiksa ledarskapet2018In: Idrottens ledarskap / [ed] SISU Idrottsböcker, Stockholm: SISU Idrottsböcker , 2018, p. 83-101Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Glemne, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Linnér, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Goda idrottsliga utvecklingsmiljöer: En studie av miljöer som är framgångsrika i att utveckla elitidrottare2016Report (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Glemne, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Linnér, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Socio-cultural Perspectives On Successful Talent Development Environments In Sports2017In: Book of Abstracts: The 25th EASM Conference 5–8 September 2017 Bern and Magglingen, Switzerland: Challenges and Developments of Sport Organisations / [ed] Tim Ströbel, Tim Breitbarth, Hippolyt Kempf, Claas Christian, Siegfried Nagel, University of Bern , 2017, p. 356-357Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 54.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Hageskog, Carl-Axel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Kreativ coaching: när det snurrar i bollen.2010Book (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Jennfors, Lars
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Sport manager: vad är det för yrke?2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Knutsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Ljung, Marcus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    The ecology of successful talent development in ice hockey: An ongoing study in swedish sport clubs2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Linnér, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    De bästa idrottscoacherna är bra pedagoger2017In: Idrottsforskning, E-ISSN 2002-3944, no 14 novArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningen inom coaching har i stor utsträckning haft sin teoretiska grund inom psykologin men våra resultat visar på behovet av att framhålla de pedagogiska dimensionerna, även i elitcoachens roll.

  • 58.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Linnér, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Glemne, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Hageskog, Carl-Axel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Action research on elite sport managers: A Swedish example2011In: SMAANZ 2011 Conference  and Sport Business Forum, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 59.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Linnér, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Hafsteinsson Östenberg, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Äpplet faller inte långt från trädet: Om idrottande barns föräldrar och deras betydelse för barnens idrottskarriär2013In: SVEBI Årskonferens, Stockholm, 2013, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Norberg, Johan
    Malmö Högskola.
    Josef, Fahlén
    Umeå universitet.
    Paul, Sjöblom
    Stockholms universitet.
    Swedish elite sport at a crossroad? Results from study of government support for elite sport.2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Patriksson, Göran
    University of Gothenburg.
    Stråhlman, Owe
    University of Gothenburg.
    Gärna medalj – men också en utbildning och ett jobb - en studie om upplevelser av elitidrottskarriären och tiden därefter.2017In: Idrottsforskaren, no 3, p. 8-26Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Patriksson, Göran
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Stråhlman, Owe
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Vägen från landslaget : om elitidrott, karriär och avslutning2014Report (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Gerrevall, Per
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Hedberg, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Linnér, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Idrottslyftets externa utvädering: Svenska Danssportförbundet, Svenska Friidrottsförbundet, Svenska Golfföbundet, Svenska Ishockeyförbundet och Svenska Konståkningsföbundet2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Riksidrottsförbundet (RF) erhåller inom ramen för det s.k. Idrottslyftet 500 miljoner kronor årligen för satsningar på idrottens barn- och ungdomsverksamhet. Regeringens satsning, som skulle sträcka sig över fyra år, inleddes 2007. Idrottslyftet är en efterföljare till regeringens Handslag med idrottsrörelsen, som innebar en miljardsatsning med likartat syfte med start 2004.

    Syftet med Idrottslyftet är att öppna dörrarna till idrotten för fler barn och ungdomar samt att utveckla verksamheten så att fler väljer att fortsätta idrotta längre upp i åldrarna. Arbetet ska utgå från ett jämställdhets- och jämlikhetsperspektiv och genomsyras av de riktlinjer som anges i idrottens idéprogram Idrotten vill1 . Satsningen på Idrottslyftet är ämnad att stärka idrottens ordinarie verksamhet och är huvudsakligen inriktad på lokala föreningar. För att insatsen ska få genomslag i hela idrottsrörelsen har förbund på olika nivåer viktiga roller i arbetet.

    Specialidrottsförbunden (SF) har tilldelats resurser för att rekrytera fler medlemmar och få fler att stanna kvar i idrottsföreningarna. Förbunden ska utveckla strategier, analysera utvecklingsbehov, bistå med fakta och kompetens, utvärdera samt sprida goda erfarenheter. De strategier som utvecklas ska utgå ifrån varje enskilt SF:s förutsättningar. Förbunden har också till uppgift att fördela medel till och agera som stödorganisation till föreningarna.

    Distriktsidrottsförbunden (DF) har ansvar för samverkan mellan idrottsföreningar och skolan samt för att utveckla idrottsmiljöer och anläggningar. Även dessa satsningar har förstås syftet att bredda rekryteringen samt att få barn och ungdomar att stanna kvar inom idrotten.

    SISU Idrottsutbildarna har ett särskilt ansvar för att ge stöd i arbetet med ledarförsörjning (rekrytera, utbilda och behålla ledare). Sedan är det föreningarna inom varje förbund som har den operativa rollen att utveckla sin verksamhet, så att fler börjar idrotta och att fler stannar kvar i föreningen.

    2008 beslutades att Idrottslyftet ska bli föremål för en extern utvärdering. Syftet med den externa granskningen är ”att på ett så objektivt sätt som möjligt beskriva hur idrottsrörelsen uppnått Idrottslyftets mål och syften”3 . I det underlag som RF presenterade som utgångspunkter för utvärderingen angavs som huvudsakligt fokus för utvärderingen vara samspelet mellan SF och föreningarna. Utvärderingen skulle dels ske fortlöpande under satsningens gång och därmed kunna stödja SF i sin verksamhet (formativ utvärdering), dels genomföras i efterhand med avsikten att få fram en generell bild av strategier och metoder som kan bidra till ett fortsatt utvecklingsarbete (summativ utvärdering).

    Det betonas i underlaget att den fortlöpande utvärderingen till stor del skulle utgå från SF:s egna frågeställningar. Samtliga SF erbjöds därför att ingå i ett utvärderingsteam tillsammans med inbjudna externa utvärderare från sex av landets lärosäten, av vilka Linnéuniversitetet (dåvarande Växjö universitet) var ett. De SF som anmälde intresse för att medverka i utvärderingen fördelades sedan ut på de sex lärosätena. Linnéuniversitetet fick då på sin lott att samverka med Svenska Danssportförbundet, Svenska Friidrottsförbundet, Svenska Golfförbundet, Svenska Ishockeyförbundet samt Svenska Konståkningsförbundet. I föreliggande rapport redovisas utfallet av den utvärderingsstudie som Linnéuniversitetet genomfört.

  • 64.
    Glemne, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Hageskog, Carl-Axel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Kenttä, Göran
    GIH.
    Linnér, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    London calling: OS 2012 är målet för Coachteamet2011In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 3, p. 29-33Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Glemne, Mats
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Linnér, Susanne
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Hageskog, Carl-Axel
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    In Search of the Next Champion: Talent Identification and Talent Development Programs in Swedish Sports2009In: 15th Annual SMAANZ Conference, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 66.
    Hafsteinsson Östenberg, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Linnér, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Strömberg, Camilla
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Who are the parents?: A study of the parental background of children age 13-14 included in the first talent process steps in soccer and athletics in southern Sweden.2015In: 20th annual Congress of the European college of sport science 24th - 27th June 2015, Malmö – Sweden: Book of abstracts / [ed] Radman, Aage; Hedenborg, Susanna; Tsolakidis, Elias, European College of Sport Science , 2015, p. 236-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 67.
    Hageskog, Carl-Axel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Kentää, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Glemne, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Linnér, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Konsten att coacha bäst när det gäller som mest2013In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 3, p. 44-47Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Johansen, Bjørn Tore
    et al.
    Universitetet i Agder.
    Christensen, Jens
    Århus universitet.
    Enoksen, Eystein
    Norges Idrottshögskola.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Hageskog, Carl-Axel
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Høigaard, Rune
    Universitetet i Agder.
    Leadership behaviors and coach-athlete relationships in Scandinavian Elite Coaches2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The purpose of the study was to investigate in a sample of Scandinavian elite coaches, the relationship between perceptionsof their own leadership behavior and their perception of the coach-athlete relationship.Method149 elite coaches (e.g. national top and/or international level) from Denmark (n=50), Norway (n=50) and Sweden (n=49) participated (134male, mean age 38.3±9.8yrs; 15 female, mean age 39.1±8.4). 58 percent of the coaches were coaches of individual sports and 42percent were coaches of team sports. 59 percent of the participants had at some point, undertaken academic study related to sport atuniversity level. A paper-copy questionnaires were distributed by post to all coaches listed in each country’s athletic federation index.Leadership behaviour: Coaches self reported their perceptions of their own leadership behaviors using the Leadership Scale for Sport(Chelladurai & Saleh, 1980). The Cronbach’s alpha for self reported leadership behavior was: .79 training and instruction, .59 positivefeedback, .66 social support, .78 democratic behavior, and .46 autocratic.Coach-athlete relationship: The nature of the coach-athlete relationship was evaluated using the 13-item Nordic Coach–Athlete RelationshipQuestionnaire (NOR-CART-Q; Jowett & Ntoumanis, 2003). The Cronbach’s alpha for closeness, commitment, and complementaritywas .83, .72 and .67 respectively.Results: Positive feedback, training and instruction, and democratic behavior were the most frequent self-reported behavior subscalesamongst the coaches. Moreover, it is a positive relationship between commitment and training and instruction (r=.25, p < 0.01) positivefeedback (r= 22, p < 0.01) and social support behavior(r=.22 p < 0.01). Complementarity was positively related to training and instructionbehavior (r=.17, p < 0.01). Multilevel logistic regression analyses indicated a significant difference between coaches in Denmark andSweden on commitment (5.39 vs. 5.95) and complementarity (5.82 vs. 6.26) and coaches who are educated in sport use more positivefeedback (4.25 vs. 4.41). Moreover, coaches with more than 10 years experiences in coaching us significantly more training and instruction(3.65 vs. 3.82) and social support (3.02 vs. 3.23) than coaches with less experiences. Furthermore, coaches in individual sport reportedmore democratic behavior (3.80 vs. 3.23) and less autocratic behavior (2.56 vs. 2.78) then coaches in team sport.

    Discussion: In general coaches with more experience and more sport education used more positive feedback and social support. Thestudy also revealed differences in leadership behavior between individual and team sport which is in line with former research.

  • 69.
    Knutsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Kartläggning av elittränarutbildningar i Sverige2012In: För framtids segrar. En analys av det svenska elitidrottsystemet / [ed] Dartsch, Christine & Pihlblad, Johan, Stockholm: Centrum för idrottsforskning , 2012, p. 133-144Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 70. Lindahl, Kent
    et al.
    Uebel, Maja
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Hassmén, Peter
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    Carlstedt, Janne
    Helle, Christine
    Engebretsen, Lars
    Mathiasson, Peder
    Björck, Helena
    Vinnare i långa loppet: Tränings- och tävlingslära i specialidrott2011Book (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Linnér, Susanne
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Gerrevall, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Glemne, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    I föräldrars spår för framtids segrar2015In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 4, p. 12-15Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Talang och hård träning är sällan tillräckligt för att lyckas. En klarmajoritet av dagens landslagsidrottare är uppväxta i en villa medtvå svenskfödda föräldrar med god ekonomi och akademisk utbildning.Och föräldrarna har många gånger själva varit framgångsrikai samma sport.

  • 72.
    Linnér, Susanne
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Glemne, Mats
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Good Sport Environments. Empowerment, Participation and Sports Performance in Golf, Athletics and Ice Hockey2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 73.
    Linnér, Susanne
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Hageskog, Carl-Axel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Glemne, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Coach competences do make a diffrences at big event2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 74.
    Skirstad, Berit
    et al.
    Norges Idrottshögskola, Norge.
    Gammelsæter, Hallgeir
    Högskolan i Molde, Norge.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Ulrik, Wagner
    Syddansk universitet, Danmark.
    Comparison of sport management education programs and research in Scandinavia.2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Synopsis:The development of sport management in Scandinavia is described andcompared through three case studies. The theory of translation which is a newinstitutionalismapproach focuses upon institutional change withinorganizations, and Campbell (2004, p.28) identifies two underlyingmechanisms for institutional change, ‘bricolage’ and ‘transition’. The findingsreveal translation from international sport management education programsand research on the one hand by adopting a mimetic approach howeverbricolaging is used for creating new studies in combinations with what alreadyexists for instance sociology of sport or physical education programs. Thetransformation from amateur to professional sport is special for Scandinaviancountries, and is looked upon as fore-runners for the establishment of studiesin sport management. Despite increased professionalization andcommercialization, the co-existing system with volunteers may have sloweddown development of sports management as an academic field in Scandinavia.

    Abstract:

    AIM: The Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway and Sweden share alegacy of a common sport tradition called the Scandinavian Sport Model(Anderson & Carlsson, 2009; Peterson, 2008), where two thirds of the sportclubs are run by volunteers (Ibsen & Seippel, 2010; Hellman, 2014). DespiteScandinavian similarities and common legacy from a social democratic welfarestate, differences occur in how sport historically is organized on federal level(Ibsen, 2002), how international anti-doping policy is implemented (Wagner &Hanstad, 2011) and how elite sports are run (Andersen & Rognlan, 2012;Gammelsæter, Storm & Söderman, 2009). The Norwegian model is the mostcentralized one and lacks parliament control (Bergsgard, 2002). This back-dropinformation is important for understanding how sport management educationprograms have developed in Scandinavia, and so far no studies are publishedabout it. Therefore we want to fill that gap. The aim of this paper is to answer the questions: How and why has the sport management as education andresearch discipline developed differently in the Scandinavian countries?

    THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: Early neo-institutional contributions emphasizehow organizations within an organizational field increasingly resemble eachother in behavior and structure due to pressure (DiMaggio & Powell, 1991;Meyer & Rowan, 1991). We can argue that sport management as a field hasgradually been institutionalized on a global scale. However, the idea ofinstitutional isomorphism can also be challenged by emphasizingorganizational agency once we try to explain the heterogeneous developmentin Scandinavia: The theory of translation which is a new-institutionalismapproach focuses upon institutional change within organizations, and Campbell(2004, p.28) identifies two underlying mechanisms for institutional change,‘bricolage’ and ‘transition’. By bricolage is meant the recombination of existinginstitutional elements within a field or an organization. The concept oftranslation is used to highlight the dynamic travel and transformation of ideas.International trends will affect this development through transition. It is addingto our knowledge about how ‘global’ ideas become ‘local’ (Czarniawska & Sevón,2005). This framework enables us to outline how an international emergingfield such a sport management interacts with and has impact upon a localcultural context and tradition.

    METHODOLOGY AND RESEARCH DESIGN: Three comparative case studiesshow how the sport management education programs and research havedeveloped. Knowledge derived from: 1) four researchers’ personal experienceas entrepreneurs of such studies and research programs, 2) brief informalinterviews/contacts other entrepreneurs of such programs and 3) archivestudies. Altogether 13 interviews were made (6 in Norway, 3 in Denmark and 4in Sweden). The sample technique of snowballing was used until saturationwas reached about sport management studies in Scandinavia. The fourauthors conducted the analysis first separately and then collectively in order toincrease the credibility because of representing different countries.

    RESULTS, DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: The transformation fromamateur to professional sport is special for Scandinavian countries, and islooked upon as fore-runners for the establishment of studies in sportmanagement. As Peterson (2008) points out, the market is not the only actorpaying for sport in Scandinavia, because this transformation has mainly takenplace by public support and funding. Focus is on time-lines for the first sportmanagement programs, the profile of the different institutions as well as theresearch generated from these milieus and their international involvement arecompared. Scandinavian sport traditions are rooted in popular and voluntarymovements, and it is obvious that unless salaried jobs emerged in the sportsector there would be no demand for higher education in sport management.One antecedent was lifting of the amateur rules which defined Scandinaviansport until the late 1960s (Peterson, 2008). The findings reveal translation frominternational sport management education programs and research on the onehand by adopting a mimetic approach however bricolaging is used for creatingnew studies in combinations with what already exists for instance sociology ofsport or physical education programs. Norway is the first country to adopt sportmanagement in the 1980s, while the discipline emerges as late as the last partof the 2000s in Denmark. None of the main business schools in Scandinaviahave taken up sport management as part of their portfolio contrary to trends inother parts of the world. Despite increased professionalization and commercialization, the co-existing system with volunteers may have sloweddown development of sports management as an academic field in Scandinavia.Future studies should highlight how the translation works today so providers ofsport management can make use of how ideas transform.

    References:Campbell, J.L. (2004). Institutional Change and Globalization. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press.Czarniawska, B. & Sevón, G. (2005). Global Ideas: How Ideas, Objects andPractices Travel in a Global Economy, Malmö: Liber & Copenhagen BusinessSchool Press. DiMaggio, P. & Powell, W.W. (1991) ‘The Iron Cage Revisited: InstitutionalIsomorphism and Collective Rationality’, in W.W. Powell and P. DiMaggio (eds)The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis, pp. 63–82. Chicago, IL: TheUniversity of Chicago Press. Ibsen, B. & Seippel, Ø. (2010) Voluntary organized sport in Denmark andNorway, Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics, 13:4, 593-608,DOI:10.1080/17430431003616266 .Meyer, J.W. & Rowan, B. (1991) ‘Institutionalized Organisations: FormalStructure as Myth and Ceremony’, in W.W. Powell and P. DiMaggio (eds) TheNew Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis, pp. 41–62. Chicago, IL: TheUniversity of Chicago Press.

  • 75.
    Skirstad, Berit
    et al.
    Norges Idrottshögskola, Norge.
    Gammelsæter, Hallgeir
    Högskolan i Molde, Norge.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Ulrik, Wagner
    Syddansk universitet, Danmark.
    How and Why has Sport Management Education Developed Differently in the Scandinavian Countries?2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 76.
    Stråhlman, Owe
    et al.
    Karlstad university.
    Patriksson, Göran
    University of Gothenburg.
    Fahlström, Per Göran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Post retirement experiences of former Swedish elite athletes2015In: Sport, Unity & Conflict : 12th European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference: Book of Abstracts, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction Previous studies have shown that successful sport careers are often based upon the notion that athletes are living a life in harmony and that positive adjustment to retirement is dependent on the athletes coping strategies and adjustment skills. The aims of this study are to describe; (1) the perceptions and experiences of the road through the elite sports career, (2) experiences of the transition from elite sport to a post retirement life.

    Method 36 athletes were interviewed (26 men -10 women) all with experience of top-level sport on international basis. One third of the group had finished their career before or during the 1990s and the others in the 2000s. The questions to the respondents where formulated to grasp the essence of the their experiences.

    Results The career ended for many of the respondents as a conscious planned decision. The decision to end the sport career was often a combination of reasons. The transition from elite sport went for the majority smoothly and the respondents enjoyed their retirement lives, although a small portion of them experienced problems as a result of their career ending. Sport still played a central role and sport related properties were important for the respondents. No one regretted their elite sports career but they underlined the importance to prepare for the post retirement life. The majority of the respondents found new jobs, and they were satisfied with their lives.

    Discussion It is important to focus on career support, especially for those with problematic adjustment. Unproblematic voluntary adjustment is often linked to the possibility to prepare in advance for retirement. Since no one reported having severe injuries that predominantly affected their post retirement life, they could put their new ambitions in other areas. Sport organisations, public authorities and individuals are all responsible for the athlete’s retirement.

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