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  • 51.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Steroider på nätet: Att använda sociala medier för att diskutera och legitimera dopning2016Inngår i: Presented at: DrogFOKUS 2016, nationell konferens om alkohol, narkotika, dopning och tobak, 13-20 Oktober, 2016, 2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sociala medier och olika internetforum har blivit en del av en ny självhjälpskultur där människor anonymt kan legitimera och diskutera sina erfarenheter av att använda prestationshöjande substanser(PED). Användarna är medvetna om att de riskerar sin egen hälsa men töjer på gränserna för att nå uppsatta mål.

  • 52.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    The Global Gym2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 53.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    (Un)Becoming a fitness doper: Negotiating the meaning of illicit drug use in a gym and fitness context2019Inngår i: International Network of Doping Research, 2019 Conference, WADA’s 20th Anniversary, 22.-23. August 2019, Aarhus University, Denmark: Book of Abstracts, Aarhus university, Denmark , 2019, s. 8-8Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 54.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Danielsson, Tom
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Elitmotionärens vardag - familjeliv, tidspussel och extremidrott2016Inngår i: Idrottsforskning, E-ISSN 2002-3944, nr 18 majArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att kombinera vardagen som elitmotionär med ett fungerande familjeliv är ingen enkel ekvation. Uppoffringar, glädje, dåligt samvete och glada hejarop är en del av vardagen. Men på vems villkor och bekostnad formas egentligen elitmotionärens livsstil?

  • 55.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Henning, April Dawn
    University of Stirling, UK.
    Glocal fitness doping: Policy, practice and prevention in the United States and Sweden2019Inngår i: Performance Enhancement & Health, E-ISSN 2211-2669, Vol. 6, nr 3-4, s. 103-110Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Situated within a framework of a globalized gym and fitness culture, this paper aims to investigate and compare how fitness doping can be understood in relation to, and how it is affected by, different national and local contexts. Representing different forms of welfare state regimes, the comparative analysis focuses on policy, practice, and prevention in the United States and Sweden. The findings indicate, among other things, how national level policy and implementation reflect local priorities, understandings, and values. Sweden’s choices form a pattern reflecting the priority of protecting the collective good over individual pursuits. Conversely, that the U.S. does not police outside formally governed competitions in sports or in criminal contexts. Further, U.S. bodybuilders do not feel targeted for their appearance in the same ways, illustrating the priority of individual choice. Further, the paper discusses how each country implements anti-doping in ways consistent with global policies, but are also informed by various local understandings and values. This interplay between the supranational structures and locally diverse implementation is not only complex, but can seem contradictory as each locality partly remains within a global system of anti-doping in sport, and partly operates outside this context. We suggest glocal fitness doping needs to be understood as a process through which global ideals, organisations, and more contribute to influencing local and national prevention policies and cultures, and vice versa.

  • 56.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Becoming a half-time parent: Fatherhood after divorce2019Inngår i: Journal of Family Studies, ISSN 1322-9400, E-ISSN 1839-3543, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 2-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Men have increasingly been dedicating time and effort to childcare. Consequently, the idea of the ‘new’ emotionally involved father has been discussed in the literature. This article focuses on narratives of divorced Swedish fathers with joint physical custody of their children. This arrangement, a new model of post-divorce parenting, has become increasingly popular in several Nordic countries. The article aims to analyse the experiences attached to and emanating from this particular form of post-divorce agreement, and how it is understood in relation to the Swedish childcare system. The fathers interviewed had a strong ambition to share things equally, as well as to carry on family practices in gender-equal ways. This desire was, however, balanced with a number of obstacles, such as work requirements, living conditions and conceptions of gender differences. In this way, the fathers’ subjective aspirations and strivings were filtered through structural and cultural conditions in society, with clear connections to Swedish family and gender politics.

  • 57.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Bodybuilding and Fitness Doping in Transition: Historical Transformations and Contemporary Challenges2019Inngår i: Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 1-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes and analyses the historical development of gym and fitness culture in general and doping use in this context in particular. Theoretically, the paper utilises the concept of subculture and explores how a subcultural response can be used analytically in relation to processes of cultural normalisation as well as marginalisation. The focus is on historical and symbolic negotiations that have occurred over time, between perceived expressions of extreme body cultures and sociocultural transformations in society—with a perspective on fitness doping in public discourse. Several distinct phases in the history of fitness doping are identified. First, there is an introductory phase in the mid-1950s, in which there is an optimism connected to modernity and thoughts about scientifically-engineered bodies. Secondly, in the 1960s and 70s, a distinct bodybuilding subculture is developed, cultivating previously unseen muscular male bodies. Thirdly, there is a critical phase in the 1980s and 90s, where drugs gradually become morally objectionable. The fourth phase, the fitness revolution, can be seen as a transformational phase in gym culture. The massive bodybuilding body is replaced with the well-defined and moderately muscular fitness body, but at the same time there are strong commercialised values which contribute to the development of a new doping market. Finally, it is possible to speculate on the development of a fifth phase, in which fitness doping is increasingly being filtered into mainstream gym and fitness culture, influencing the fitness doping demography.

  • 58.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    ‘Doing for group exercise what McDonald's did for hamburgers’: Les Mills, and the fitness professional as global traveller2016Inngår i: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 148-165Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses fitness professionals’ perceptions and understanding of their occupational education and pedagogical pursuance, framed within the emergence of a global fitness industry. The empirical material consists of interviews with personal trainers and group fitness instructors, as well as observations in their working environment. In addition, printed material from different occupational organisations and educational companies has been included. The narratives of the fitness professionals and a case study of Les Mills are presented and analysed through the concept of the McDonaldisation of society, or more specifically of fitness culture. The results show that, even though gym and fitness franchises differ from hamburger restaurant chains, there are crucial similarities, but also differences. One can, for example, discern a tendency towards the construction of predesigned and highly monitored programmes, such as the one developed by Les Mills. Homogenisation is also apparent when looking at the body ideals produced, as fitness professionals work on their own or clients’ bodies, which makes it possible to anticipate a global body ideal. The social and cultural patterns of self-regulation and self-government found in gym and fitness culture can be understood and analysed in a global context. What we find is an intriguing and complex mixture of regulation, control and standardisation, on the one hand, and a struggle to express the body, to be ‘free’ and to transgress the boundaries set by the commercial global fitness industry, on the other.

  • 59.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Doped Manhood: Negotiating Fitness Doping and Masculinity in an Online Community2017Inngår i: Marginalized Masculinities: Contexts, Continuities and Change / [ed] Chris Haywood & Thomas Johansson, New York and London: Routledge, 2017Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 60.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Extreme Sports, Extreme Bodies: Gender, Identities & Bodies in Motion2019Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This book investigates extreme sports, defined as sports in which athletes challenge and transgress societal perceptions of what is humanly possible to achieve, in terms of physical training and bodily development/performance. Situated within a growing body of literature analysing the impact of new training trends on an individual’s body, identity, lifestyle and perception of his/her social surroundings, Extreme Sports, Extreme Bodies focuses on the gendered and embodied experiences of bodybuilding, Ironman triathlon, and mixed martial arts.Through their ethnographic analysis, Andreasson and Johansson present a unique and updated account of the increasing phenomenon of extreme sports and extreme bodies in contemporary Western society, grounded in the sociology of sport, body studies and embodiment literature.

  • 61.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Female Fitness in the Blogosphere: Gender, Health, and the Body2013Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, nr July-September, s. 1-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes self-portrayals and gender constructions among female personal trainers within an Internet-mediated framework of fitness culture. The empirical material comes from a close examination of three strategically selected blogs. The result shows that some of the blogs clearly build upon what Connell calls emphasized femininity, as a means of legitimizing and constructing appropriate female fitness. In addition, there are also tendencies of sexualization in text and imagery present. As such, these self-representations are framed within a cultural history of body fitness dominated by stereotypical ways of perceiving masculinity and femininity. However, this does not capture the entire presentation of the self among the analyzed fitness bloggers. The blogs also point in the direction of ongoing negotiations and subversions of traditional gender norms. Among other things, they show how irony and humor are used as a means of questioning normative gender constructions while empowering female fitness and bodyliness.

  • 62.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fitness doping and gym culture2019Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    From having been a subcultural, masculinecoded phenomenon in the 1970s, gym culture today has broadened, developing into a global, inclusive, multi-million dollar industry in which different forms of exercise are gathered under the general term of fitness. Despite this cultural transformation and the powerful idealisation of healthy lifestyles that characterises the fitness concept today, research shows, paradoxically, that these health arenas can be linked with doping. This report provides an overview of the state of research on fitness doping and how the routes to doping have been studied. One of its conclusions is that knowledge is limited, particularly regarding doping by women. The expansion and popularisation of fitness culture has led to unclear boundaries between doping in subcultural and often masculine-coded environments and doping as a more widespread and culturally accepted phenomenon in gym and fitness culture. The demographic ‘profile’ of people who dope has been expanded and the report ends with the question of how developments in prevention can tackle these changes.

  • 63.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fitness Doping: Trajectories, Gender, Bodies and Health2020Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This book compiles several years of multi-faceted qualitative research on fitness doping to provide a fresh insight into how the growing phenomenon intersects with issues of gender, body and health in contemporary society.

     

    Drawing on biographical interviews, as well as online and offline ethnography, Andreasson and Johansson analyse how, in the context of the global development of gym and fitness culture, particular doping trajectories are formulated, and users come into contact with doping. They also explore users’ internalisation of particular values, practices and communications and analyse how this influences understandings of the self, health, gender and the body, as well as tying this into wider beliefs regarding individual freedom and the law.

     

    This insight into doping goes beyond elite and organised sports, and will be of interest to students and scholars across the sociology of sport, leisure studies, and gender and body politics.

  • 64.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fitnessdopning och gymkultur2019Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Från att under 1970-talet ha varit en subkulturell och maskulint kodad företeelse, har gymkulturen i dag breddats och utvecklats till en global och inkluderande mångmiljardindustri, där olika träningsformer samsas under paraplybegreppet fitness. Trots denna kulturella omvandling och den starka idealiseringen av hälsosamma livsstilar som utmärker det samtida fitnesskonceptet, visar forskning att dessa hälsoarenor paradoxalt kan sammankopplas med dopning. I den här rapporten redogörs för forskningsläget kring fitnessdopning och hur vägarna till dopning har undersökts. Resultaten visar bland annat att kunskapsläget är begränsat, inte minst vad gäller kvinnors bruk av dopning. Fitnesskulturens expansion och popularisering har bidragit till oklara gränser mellan dopning i subkulturella och ofta maskulint kodade miljöer och dopning som ett mer utbrett och kulturellt accepterat fenomen inom gym- och fitnesskulturen. Den demografiska ”profilen” för vem som dopar sig har vidgats och rapporten landar i frågan om hur preventionsutveckling ska kunna möta dessa förändringar.

  • 65.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    Fitnessrevolutionen: Kropp, hälsa och gymkulturens globalisering2015Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 66.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    From exercise to "exertainment": Body techniques and body philosophies within a differentiated fitness culture2015Inngår i: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, ISSN 2000-088X, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 6, s. 27-45Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on two highly influential body techniques used in contemporary gym and fitness culture, namely bodybuilding and group fitness activities. The paper presents detailed self-portraits of two highly esteemed and well-known individuals representing each of these spheres of exercise. Both body techniques have their roots in physical culture. However, whereas bodybuilding goes back to the historical roots of European physical culture developed during the 19th century, Les Mills group fitness activities are a more recent phenomenon, with roots in aerobics and in the fitness culture developed during the 1960s. The case stories are read as both portraits of individuals and histories of two different forms of body techniques and philosophies of the body, and the analysis suggests that the narratives are to be understood in relation to historical changes in how society is organised and what this implies in terms of national and global demands for specific bodies.

  • 67.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Gender, Fitness Doping and the Genetic Max: The Ambivalent Construction of Muscular Masculinities in an Online Community2016Inngår i: Social Sciences, ISSN 2076-0760, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 1-13, artikkel-id 11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on written accounts posted on an online forum called Flashback.The purpose of the study was to explore how participants in this community negotiated themeanings of fitness doping and how such negotiations could be understood in terms of masculinity.The findings indicate that the Internet community studied in this article can be read as an example ofa transformational process in which ordinary rules are questioned and partly put out of play. In theworld of the bodybuilder, the marginal masculinity is, in certain senses, dominant. On the one hand,achieving a muscular and well-trained body is regarded as a core aspect of manhood within thecommunity. Marginal masculinity is thus momentarily transformed into dominant and hegemonicmasculinity. On the other hand, however, the findings also indicate that a drug-using, muscularmasculinity is constructed in negotiation with other central masculine ideals, such as the employableman and the responsible father. Found within the community is a complex and dynamic interplaybetween intersecting discourses of manhood.

  • 68.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Global narratives of fatherhood: Fathering and masculinity on the Internet2016Inngår i: International Review of Sociology, ISSN 0390-6701, E-ISSN 1469-9273, Vol. 26, nr 3, s. 482-496Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is currently an increasing amount of research on online fatherhood. In this article, we have used international blogs as our empirical data, in order to investigate and create an in-depth picture of fatherhood as it is expressed in various men’s stories about their everyday lives. Three distinct conceptions of fatherhood and masculinity emerge. The first of these positions could be described as a nostalgic position in relation to hegemonic masculinity. The second position is referred to here as complicity. This position indicates a changing landscape of fatherhood and family politics, moving towards gender-equal conditions. Thirdly, we have an inclusive position that reflects a gender-neutral position, and are understood less in terms of masculinity, heteronormativity and gender-divided responsibilities.

  • 69.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Glocalised fitness: the franchising of a physical movement, fitness professionalism and gender2018Inngår i: Leisure/ Loisir, ISSN 1492-7713, E-ISSN 2151-2221, Vol. 42, nr 3, s. 301-321Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is on the development of a globalised and localised gym and fitness culture. The article takes its point of departure from three distinct levels. These are (1) organisational aspects of the culture, (2) fitness professionals’ individual trajectories, and (3) national variations and gender regimes. The findings indicate that fitness professionalism is emerging as an uncertain profession. On the one hand there are international accreditation systems that aim to ensure the status of these professionals. On the other hand, there are simultaneous tendencies towards devaluation of the status of fitness professionals, on a global level. Partly, this can be related to the standardisation of training programmes, as well as the connectedness between the service industry and feminised gender regimes. In conclusion, the globalisation of fitness is a highly gendered process, involving national body ideals and cultural variations in how fitness professionals are valued and perceived locally.

  • 70.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Gymkulturen balanserar på könsgränserna2014Inngår i: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 4, s. 29-33Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Synen på relationen mellan kroppar och könsidentiteter varierar över tid inom gymkulturen. I dag finns en längtan efter tydliga skillnader mellan könen. Men spännvidden är stor mellan de som vill utmana och överskrida gränser, och de som försöker upprätthålla strikta normativa ideal.

  • 71.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    It All Starts Now!: Gay Men and Fatherhood in Sweden2017Inngår i: Journal of GLBT Family Studies, ISSN 1550-428X, E-ISSN 1550-4298, Vol. 13, nr 5, s. 478-497Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how Swedish gay men pursue and understand fatherhood, using a qualitative, semi-structured methodological approach. We are interested in how practical issues and different fatherhood arrangements are understood and handled by the fathers; how the construction of “rainbow families” is understood in relation to legal issues; parental responsibilities; and thoughts regarding gender-equal and gender-neutral relationships within Swedish society and culture. The results show that the trajectory of gay men toward fatherhood is shaped by a variety of mediating factors such as interactions with agencies, clinics, attorneys, and the state. There are some significant legal, social, financial, and cultural obstacles to realizing gay parenthood. There are also cases where study participants talked about a sense of intolerance expressed toward gay parents within a gay community. Although there are still strong normative dimensions involved in the construction of modern parenthood, the grip of heteronormative views on family life and sexuality is changing; the narratives presented also represent a questioning of the hegemonic image of fatherhood in Sweden. Consequently, it is possible to discern different attempts at transgressing and changing the cultural landscape of fatherhood and the ways people build families today.

  • 72.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Negotiating female fitness doping: Gender, identity and transgressions2019Inngår i: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, s. 1-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of qualitatively gathered interview material and data from various postings on a pro-doping online community called Flashback, the aim of this article is to describe and analyse how female users of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIED) understand and negotiate their use in relation to gender and the body. Positioned within post-structural feminism, the results show that there is an increasing amount of knowledge that not only targets but is also developed by and for women concerning PIED use. Traditionally scholars have connected female PIED use more or less exclusively to female bodybuilders, but as new body and femininity ideals develop the demographics of female fitness doping are widening. Although PIED use in the context of gym and fitness culture remains primarily a masculine domain, the results point towards a development in which women are increasingly becoming more integrated into a fitness community of PIED users.

  • 73.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Negotiating violence: mixed martial arts as a spectacle and sport2019Inngår i: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 22, nr 7, s. 1183-1197Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on qualitative interviews with Mixed martial arts (MMA) athletes and stakeholders, this study aims to investigate the relationship between, on the one hand, MMA as a spectacle and imaginary world, and on the other, the fighters’ experiences of violence, pain and ‘the real’. Analytically, we are influenced by the literature on the spectacle and on hyperreality. The results show that athletes’ negotiations concerning the sport largely connect to a particular way of approaching violence – culturally and in terms of physical experience. On the one hand, there is a desire to portray MMA as a civilized and regulated sport. The athletes develop different strategies by which to handle or renegotiate the physical force and violence in the cage. On the other hand, however, the fighters’ bodily control and management of their fear sometimes breaks down. When the spectacle of the octagon becomes ‘real’, the legitimacy of the sport is questioned.

  • 74.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Online Doping2015Inngår i: Paper presented at the Journal of youth studies conference, March 30-April 1, 2015, Copenhagen, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, but also internationally, official regimes and public health organizations conduct fairly comprehensive anti-doping measures. As a consequence, numerous ‘new’ ways to learn about and access these types of drugs have emerged. Social media and different Internet forums, for example, have become part of a new self-help culture in which mainly young people anonymously can approach these substances, discuss their experiences of using them, and minimize the possibility of encounters with the police. What we see today is the development of new doping trajectories. This presentation is based on a ethnographical inspired research project that focuses on how the use of performance- and image-enhancing drugs (PED) is perceived and negotiated socially in the context of an Internet-mediated and online community called Flashback. The results of the study are in accordance with similar studies on Internet bodybuilding communities. That is, even though the community members to a certain degree are aware of the risks and health costs of this kind of physical regime, the gains of using PED clearly dominate the discussions. Adding to this research, the results also indicate that in the imaginary world of online bodybuilding a number of ideas about the ‘genetic max’, as well as the ultimate possibility of exceeding one’s limits, and creating something special and extra-ordinary, circulate. These stories confirm in many ways the legitimate mission of searching for the ultimate bodybuilding adventure, using different means and methods to transcend the limits of the self/body.

  • 75.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Online doping: The new self-help culture of ethnopharmacology2016Inngår i: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 19, nr 7, s. 957-972Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, but also internationally, official regimes and public health organizations conduct fairly comprehensive antidoping measures. As a consequence, numerous ‘new’ ways to learn about and access these types of drugs have emerged. Social media and different internet forums, for example, have become part of a new self-help culture in which people can anonymously approach these substances, discuss their experiences of using them and minimize the possibility of encounters with the police. This article focuses on how the use of performance- and image-enhancing drugs (PED) is perceived and negotiated socially in the context of an internet-mediated and online community calledFlashback. The results are in accordance with similar studies on internet bodybuilding communities. That is, even though the participants to a certain degree are aware of the risks and health costs of this kind of physical regime, the gains of using PED clearly dominate the discussions. Adding to this research, this article found that in the imaginary world of online bodybuilding a number of ideas about the ‘genetic max’, as well as the ultimate possibility of exceeding one’s limits, and creating something special and extraordinary, circulate. These stories confirm in many ways the legitimate mission of searching for the ultimate bodybuilding adventure, using different means and methods to transcend the limits of the self/body.

  • 76.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    The Fitness Revolution: Historical Transformations in the Global Gym and Fitness Culture.2014Inngår i: Sport Science Review, ISSN 2066-8732, Vol. XXIII, nr 3-4, s. 91-112Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, fitness gyms and private health clubs are a huge global business. Fitness has turned into a folk movement, but not one comparable to the old 20th-century movements, often connected to national sentiments, but instead a highly individualized preoccupation. In this article the historical development of modern gym and fitness culture is described and an analytically developed approach to the understanding of the emergence of this multi-billion-dollar phenomenon is developed. The analysis suggest that the techniques, tools, and physical exercises used today in gyms all over the world are the results of a physical culture developed and refined during the 20th century. The body ideals, exercises, techniques, and the pedagogy of fitness have become an increasingly international enterprise. A tentative analysis of the globalization of gym and fitness culture is developed and presented. Three important and decisive phases in the globalization of gym and fitness culture are identified and analyzed.

  • 77.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    The Global Gym: Gender, Health and Pedagogies2014Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Both by participating in the everyday life of fitness professionals, gym-goers and bodybuilders, and by analyzing fitness blogs and other sources, The Global Gym explores fitness centres as sites of learning. The authors examine the kind of learning processes that take place within the gym and the wider fitness industry, and investigate how knowledge is acquired, negotiated and embodied by different agents operating within this context. Beyond this, the book also addresses the construction of gender within fitness culture. Many images of the body beautiful and perfect body ideals are manufactured and sold on a global commercial market. Jesper Andreasson and Thomas Johansson illustrate various extant modes of learning by asking how physical, psychological and cultural knowledge about health and the body is incorporated into people's (gender) identity in a local, national and global gym and fitness context.

  • 78.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    The Global Gym: Gender, Health and Pedagogies2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 79.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    The Health Guru: Masculinity and Fitness Coaching in the Blogosphere2013Inngår i: Journal of Men's Studies, ISSN 1060-8265, E-ISSN 1933-0251, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 277-290Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Through a close study of blogs, where male fitness experts share their expertise, this article analyses how masculinity are framed within the Internet-mediated context of the fitness culture. This is done against the background of Connell's theory of masculinity, and recent critiques of the concept of hegemony. Through an in-depth analysis of three blogs, we get a complex and contradictory image of the different forms of masculinity portrayed in these blogs and in fitness culture at large. The texts and imagery on the blogs clearly exceeds the criteria/limits of traits and norms traditionally considered male or female. In doing so, the may contribute to an increased acceptance for, for example, gay identities and other submissive masculinities.

  • 80.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    The new fitness geography: the globalisation of Japanese gym and fitness culture2017Inngår i: Leisure Studies, ISSN 0261-4367, E-ISSN 1466-4496, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 383-394Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a minor case study of the local fitness culture scene in Tokyo, Japan, this exploratory and qualitative article aims to discuss and analyse the consequences of globalisation of fitness culture. The article focuses particularly on how fitness culture is negotiated in Japanese society – at a national, local and subjective level, and in relation to attempts to uniformly rationalise and standardise gym and fitness culture. The results indicate that the fitness geography is changing, and through the establishment of a globalised fitness culture, Japanese youth are following in the footsteps of many other countries. However, this does not mean that we are witnessing a homogenisation process, or a completely McDonaldised version of fitness culture in Japan. Instead, this cultural phenomenon is shaped and formed in particular ways, pointing towards certain strong national sentiments concerning body ideals, views on gender and exercise and relaxation. For example, the cuteness ideal has a strong influence on the way young women talk about and perceive body ideals and corporeal performances in Japan.

  • 81.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Triathlon Bodies in Motion: Reconceptualizing Feelings of Pain, Nausea and Disgust in the Ironman Triathlon2019Inngår i: Body & Society, ISSN 1357-034X, E-ISSN 1460-3632, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 119-146Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the physical expressions and intensity of embodiment that occur in the Ironman Triathlon. More specifically, the study investigates the transformational bodily experiences taking place during Ironman competitions. Using an ethnographic approach, a total of 29 Ironman triathletes participated in the study (15 men and 14 women). Theoretically, the article focuses on how triathletes’ bodies ‘move’ between different forms of embodiment. The results show that, in the process of disciplining the body, the athletes reconceptualized feelings of pain, nausea and even disgust, making these emotionally expressive aspects of the corpus into a part of the experience and bending them towards the pleasure of reaching potential divinity. Situated in a long tradition of philosophical and sociological explorations of the transgressing and transcending body, the study interprets and understands the performing body as a site for change and utopian possibilities. Thus the study adds to existing debates on contemporary individuals’ exploration of the existential and corporeal dimensions of modernity.

  • 82.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    (Un)Becoming a Fitness Doper.: Negotiating the meaning of illicit drug use in a gym and fitness context2019Inngår i: Narrowing paths - transgressive routes: Youth in changing times: new forms of inequality, risk and resistance, Aarhus University, Denmark , 2019, s. 23-23Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 83.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    (Un)Becoming a Fitness Doper: Negotiating the Meaning of Illicit drug use in a Gym and Fitness Context2020Inngår i: Journal of Sport and Social Issues, ISSN 0193-7235, E-ISSN 1552-7638, Vol. 44, nr 1, s. 93-109Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The widespread availability of doping and its growing prevalence among fitness groups has contributed greatly to the realization of an emergent public health issue. Emanating from an ethnographic study in Sweden, the purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the processes involved in becoming and "unbecoming" a fitness doping user. The study employs a cultural and sociological perspective as its theoretical framework and discusses how the participating users gradually develop their knowledge about the drugs and how the process of becoming a user is negotiated in relation to ideas and ideals concerning health, gender, and individual freedom and Swedish law. Regarding exit processes, (re)entering into what is perceived to be an ordinary "normal" life was seldom a straightforward process. To understand the complex and sometimes complicated transition processes involved in becoming respectively unbecoming a fitness doper, the results highlight the limitations of using stage models for understanding exit process as heuristic tools. Furthermore, the article argue for the necessity to investigate the negotiations of fitness doping, taking place in the intersection between subcultural affiliations/spaces, doping legislation, and mainstream perceptions of living a "Normal" life. It is argued that processes of (un)becoming a fitness doper are anything but linear and thus need to be understood in relation to sociocultural belonging and ongoing negotiation of the individual's sense of self.

  • 84.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    Vetenskapsteori: Grunder och tillämpning2020Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 85.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Danielsson, Tom
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Becoming an Ironman triathlete: Extreme exercise, gender equality and the family puzzle2018Inngår i: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 21, nr 9, s. 1351-1363Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Departing from a qualitative research approach, this article focuses on Swedish amateur Ironman triathletes and their family life. The purpose of the paper is to investigate how an elite amateur lifestyle is upheld and balanced with the demands of a sustainable family and social life. The results indicate that the process of becoming and staying an Ironman creates tensions in intimate relationships, making it hard to bring the family life puzzle together. Although the participants interviewed often talk about family life in terms of sharing things fairly equally, in terms of gender equity and involved parenthood, this seemingly is not always an easy ideal to fulfil in practice. On a broader cultural level, these findings can thus be contextualized in relation to discourses associated with the gendering of families and functions, and, of course, the gender of sport and performance.

  • 86.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    Magnusson, Lennart
    Marginalisation, Radicalisation and Prevention in Sweden: Implementing policy measures through GLM-based and youth-led research2019Inngår i: Violent Youth Radicalisation: Youth-led evidence from the UK, Greece, Cyprus, Romania, Portugal, Sweden and Italy / [ed] Theo Gavrielides, London: IARS Publications , 2019Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 87.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    Magnusson, Lennart
    Marginalisering, radikalisering och prevention i Sverige: Att motverka ungas utanförskap med hjälp av ungdomsledd forskning i skolan2019Inngår i: Violent youth radicalisation: National reports from the UK, Greece, Cyprus, Romania, Portugal, Sweden and Italy / [ed] Theo Gavrielides, London: IARS Publications , 2019Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 88.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    Magnusson, Lennart
    Violent Youth Radicalisation in Sweden: The issue and the YEIP prevent model2020Inngår i: New directions in preventing youth radicalisation: Comparative and summary findings from the youth empowerment and innovation project (YEIP) / [ed] Theo Gavrielides, London: IARS Publications , 2020Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 89.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Magnusson, Lennart
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Våldsbejakande extremism och radikalisering: En översikt: [Violent extremism and radicalization: an overview]2018Inngår i: Young, Marginalised but not Radicalised: A comparative study of positive approaches to youth radicalisation / [ed] Theo Gavrielides, London: IARS Publications , 2018, s. 152-175Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, the understanding of processes of radicalization and the development of preventive work against violent extremism can be said to be framed by a few specific political decisions that were formative for the policies developed. These are dealt with in the text. Among other things, the result shows that the security discourse and preventive work are often mixed up at the policy level, which has repercussions in research and prevention. One important key to developing the work on security and prevention lies in the need for further knowledge development regarding everything from methods and field studies to policy practices. Apart from providing an account of developments in Sweden, there are also arguments for a more skeptical, reflexive, and critical attitude towards all forms of simplified categorizations of young people, which risks stigmatizing individuals and groups. By starting from a critical and reflexive social education perspective, it will become possible to contribute to understanding and to an analysis of social contexts, risks, and negative spirals. The ambition of trying to predict which individuals will potentially commit crimes of terror represents a dead end. On the other hand, there are possibilities of identifying risk environments, subcultural groups that cultivate extreme opinions, and then to approach these groups in various ways in order to develop effective social pedagogical work and positive and GLM-based trajectories for young people at risk for radicalisation.

  • 90.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Mattsson, Christer
    From subcultures to common culture: Bodybuilders, skinheads and the normalization of the marginal2016Inngår i: Nordic Youth Research Symposium (NYRIS), Youth Moves. Voices, Spaces, Subjectivities. Trollhättan, Sweden, 15-17 june, 2016 / [ed] Emma Sorbring, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Using bodybuilding and skinheads/neo-Nazis as two rather diverse examples of subcultures, this study is a theoretical exploration of our understanding of the concept of subculture and common culture. The aim is to explore how the concept of subculture can be used in relation to processes of normalization and marginalisation. The focus is on the historical, symbolic and biographical relation between the subculture and the subcultural response, and socio-political transformations in society and culture. We are interested in understanding the processes in which for example bodybuilding has moved back and forth between a subcultural position and more common fitness culture, over time. As a parallel to this, we are also interested in how subcultures centred on skinheads, neo-Nazis and right-wing extremists influence and are connected to more general political transformations and opinions in contemporary society, blurring the distinction between subculture and common culture. The results indicate a complex relation between subcultures and the mainstreaming of certain values, opinions and practices. Deviance is sometimes, over time, renegotiated within common culture, turned into normality , and whereas extreme parts and contents of subcultures may be toned down in this process, core points and values may be extracted and generalized. Bodybuilding is for example transformed into fitness, but the core values of hard bodies, muscle training, health and asceticism are highly present in fitness culture, as well as in more common and dominant socio-cultural patterns. In a similar vein, the core values and sentiments in skinhead and right-wing subcultures xenophobia and nationalism are today becoming a part of the political culture in many European countries.

  • 91.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Redelius, Karin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Unga kroppar i rörelse: Om ideal och hälsonormer i föreningsidrott och gymkultur2018Inngår i: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: Grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Thomas Johansson, Emma Sorbring, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, s. 338-349Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 92.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Sverkersson, Ellen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    A new doping demography?: Female PIED users in the context of online communication2019Inngår i: International Network of Doping Research, 2019 Conference, WADA’s 20th Anniversary, 22.-23. August 2019, Aarhus University, Denmark: Book of Abstracts, Aarhus University , 2019, s. 8-8Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Internationally, WADA, NADOs, and different public health organizations conduct fairly comprehensive antidoping measures. As a consequence, numerous ‘new’ ways to learn about and access these types of drugs have emerged. Different internet communities, for example, have become part of a new self-help culture in which mostly men, can anonymously approach these substances. But times are changing and women are increasingly engaging in drug using practices. Using a netnographic approach, the aim of this study is to describe and analyse how female users of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIED) approach, understand and negotiate their use, and relate it to existing preventative measures. The study will focus on an online community called Flashback, and adopts a constructionist approach, investigating how particular subject positions (identities) and drug use strategies are created within a specific ‘community of practice’. The results show that there is an increasing amount of knowledge that not only targets but is also developed by and for women concerning PIED use. Female users are gradually becoming more integrated into the online doping community. A changing doping demography and the online offer of PEIDs will be a great challenge in the development of future supranational, and online, prevention strategies and anti-doping campaigns.

  • 93.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Sverkersson, Ellen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Female Fitness Doping: A new doping demography2019Inngår i: Narrowing paths - transgressive routes. Youth in changing times : new forms of inequality, risk and resistance: Nordic Youth Research Symposium (NYRIS) in Aarhus 14 - 16 August 2019, Aarhus University , 2019, s. 22-23Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Internationally, WADA and different public health organizations conduct fairly comprehensive antidoping measures. As a consequence, numerous ‘new’ ways to learn about and access these types of drugs have emerged. Different internet communities, for example, have become part of a new self-help culture in which mostly men, can anonymously approach these substances, and discuss their experiences of using them. But times are changing and women are increasingly engaging in drug using practices. Using a netnographic approach, the aim of this study is to describe and analyse how female users of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIED) approach, understand and negotiate their use, and relate it to existing preventative measures. The study will focus on an online community called Flashback, and adopts a constructionist approach, investigating how particular subject positions (identities) and drug use strategies are created within a specific ‘community of practice’. The results show that there is an increasing amount of knowledge that not only targets but is also developed by and for women concerning PIED use. Female users are gradually becoming more integrated into the online doping community. A changing doping demography and the online offer of PEIDs will be a great challenge in the development of future supranational, and online, prevention strategies. 

  • 94.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Sverkersson, Ellen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Fitness doping and the female body: Negotiating gender and contesting the limits of the body through drug use practices2019Inngår i: Narrowing paths-transgressive routes: Youth in changing times: new forms of inequality, risk and resistance, 2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 95.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Sverkersson, Ellen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Pumping up the ego: Biographical studies on young people's doping trajectories2019Inngår i: IPEDs and Polydrug Use, 2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 96.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Tugetam, Åsa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Bergman, Patrick
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Keeping Death at Bay through Health Negotiation: Older Adults' Understanding of Health and Life within Gym and Fitness Culture2016Inngår i: Activities, Adaptation & Aging, ISSN 0192-4788, E-ISSN 1544-4368, Vol. 40, nr 3, s. 200-218Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses older adults’ trajectories leading to membership in a gym, and the ways in which they negotiate their self-understanding, aging, and health in this context. Emanating from an ethnographic study, the arguments are based on a constructionist approach. The results show that older adults’ decision to start going to a gym should be understood in relation to an individualized health care system in Swedish society and as a means of negotiating deteriorating health, retirement, lost body capacity, and the meaning of becoming old. The physical activities carried out and the social relationships developed in these contexts are used to construct an empowered self-understanding prepared to challenge the “stiffness” of the dying body.

  • 97.
    Andréasson, Frida
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Developing a carer identity and negotiating everyday life through social networking sites2017Inngår i: Innovation in aging, E-ISSN 2399-5300, Vol. 1, nr Suppl_1, s. 465-466Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Research highlights that a key overarching reason why family carers do not utilize support services is that many people who perform the duties of caregiving do not necessarily self-identify as a carer. Understanding the development of carer identities may thus be understood as crucial for the utilization of different health services directed towards carers. Based on the EU funded Innovage project, this project aims to describe and analyse how older carers supporting and caring for an older person understand and socially negotiate their life situation and identity as carers on a Swedish online social forum. Theoretically the project departs from a constructionist approach and methodologically it has been inspired by a specifically designed method for studying the cultures and communities that emerge from online computer-mediated or Internet-based communications, called netnography. The results indicate that in the process through which a carer role is acquired, a significant change in self-perception occurs. The presence or absence of recognition for the older carers’ capacity, is understood as filtered through the needs of the cared for person, making the carer identity into an invisible self. At the same time, the opportunity for online communication may help to create a virtual space of social recognition through which negative and positive experiences attached to caring can be discussed. The significance of online communication is here understood as the possibility to be recognized, and feel empowered by other carers.

  • 98.
    Andréasson, Frida
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Developing a carer identity and negotiating everyday life through social networking sites: An explorative study on identity constructions in an online Swedish carer community2018Inngår i: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 38, nr 11, s. 2304-2324Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An overarching reason why carers do not utilise support services is that many people who perform care-giving do not necessarily self-identify as a carer. Understanding the development of carer identities is therefore crucial for the utilisation of different carer-focused health services. This study arose from the European Union-funded INNOVAGE project and aimed to describe how older carers conceptualise and understand their identity as carers on a Swedish online social forum. Theoretically the study adopts a constructionist approach and the method of netnography was applied. The findings reveal that a change in self-perception occurs in the process through which a carer role is acquired. The presence or absence of recognition for the older carers’ capacity, knowledge and life situation is seen as filtered through the needs of the care recipient, making the carer identity into an invisible self. This is not least the case when the identity is constructed in alliance with conceptual and moral obligations found within a marital discourse. Nevertheless, the opportunity for online communication may help to create a virtual space of social recognition through which different experiences attached to caring can be discussed. The significance of online communication is here understood as the possibility it presents for carers to be recognised by other carers. It is a process through which an invisible self can become visible.

  • 99.
    Antonsson, Lucas
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Popperyd, Dennis
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Volontärsrekryteringen hos svenska idrottsevenemang: En studie kring hur svenska idrottsevenemang rekryterar volontärer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här arbetet syftar till att ta reda på hur svenska idrottsevenemang går tillväga när de rekryterar sina volontärer. Volontärers betydelse på det svenska samhället är otroligt stor då de skapar oerhört viktiga ekonomiska förutsättningar för flera svenska idrottsföreningar. Att rekrytera volontärer är inte enkelt då volontärerna idag förväntar sig någon sorts belöning av sin insats. Spelar storleken hos ett evenemang någon roll gällande hur man rekryterar? För att komma fram till ett resultat i studien så har det använts kvalitativa metoder i form utav intervjuer med volontärsansvariga hos varje idrottsevenemang, för att djupare kunna förstå deras tankesätt och den rekryteringsprocess de använt sig utav. Det har använts en teori framställd av Bourdieu (1991) som handlar om hur volontärer reagerar gentemot sina roller i olika evenemang och vad de förväntar sig i utbyte mot sin arbetskraft. Resultatet på vår studie visade att det finns en skillnad gällande hur stora och små evenemang rekryterar. Generellt rekryterar de stora evenemangen volontärer ifrån idrottsföreningar medan de mindre evenemangen inte har samma förutsättningar så de behöver nå ut till olika volontärssegment i form utav pensionärer, studenter etc. Hur evenemangen rekryterar genom att motivera olika sorters människor är en viktig del av resultatet.

  • 100.
    Arastoo-Pour, Danial
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Hur påverkar effekten av styrkan och dragfrekvensen vid ett 1000 m roddmaskinstest?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Rodd är en sport som kräver hög kondition då de flesta av kroppens stora muskler används och kroppens alla tre energisystem är inblandade. Därmed har kroppen ett stort behov av energi vid rodd.

       Roddmaskin är en utrustning som används av roddare under vintersäsongen för att utveckla prestationen och göra fysiologiska tester.

       Syftet med projektet var att undersöka hur takt (drag per minut) och styrka (1RM marklyft) påverkade, sluttiden (s) vid 1000 m rodd på roddergometrar. Studien utfördes på 9 manliga deltagare över 18 år och sambanden studerades med linjär regressionsanalys. Hypotesen var att lägre takt leder till högre kraft i draget och högre takt leder till lägre kraft.

    Resultaten visade inget samband mellan takt, högre vikt i marklyft och sluttid där en lägre takt och högre medeleffekt gav en lägre sluttid, p och r2 värdet för sambandet mellan tid och takt var 0.109 för r2och p=0.385, p= 0.210 och r2 värdet 0.214 för sambandet mellan tid och marklyft, för sambandet mellan tid och medeleffekt var r2 värdet 0.75 och p = 0.0025, vilket tyder på ett starkt samband.

       Det är troligen större fördel om man drar med större kraft på roddmaskin än om man skulle ro på vatten och resultaten är därför inte direkt överförbara till rodd på vatten. Vidare antyder resultaten att det kan vara en fördel om roddarna tränar mer styrka då mer styrka leder till kraftigare drag, vilket i sin tur leder till en lägre tid.

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