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  • 51.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Ekstremni slučaj krize: Definicije ratnog nasilja u pričama preživjelih poslije rata u Bosni i Hercegovini: Extreme Case of Crisis: Definitions of War Violence in Narratives of Survivors from the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina2015Inngår i: Crisis Management Days. 8th International Scientific Conference. University of Applied Sciences Velika Gorica, Velika Gorica, Croatia (20150514-20150515), University of Applied Sciences Velika Gorica, Velika Gorica, Croatia , 2015, s. 104-104Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [hr]

    Polazna točka ovog članka je rat koji je održan u sjeverozapadnoj Bosni i Hercegovini te posebno interpersonalna interpretacija nasilja i biografski utjecaj ratnog nasilja. Srpski vojnici i policajci ciljano su vršili nasilje nad civilnoim stanovništvom u sjeverozapadnoj Bosni. U svojoj namjeri da se Bošnjaci i Hrvati istjeraju s tog područja, srpski vojnici i policajci koristili su masovne egzekucije, tjeranje na bijeg, sustavno silovanje i koncentracione logore. Cilj ovog članka je popuniti ovu prazninu znanja kroz analizu priča preživjelih u ratu u sjeverozapadnoj Bosni tijekom 1990-ih. Svrha je analizirati kako preživjeli opisuju ratna nasilja te diskurzivne obrasce koji se pojavljuju u konstrukciji kategorije “ratnog nasilja.” Moja pitanja su kako slijedi: Kako ispitanici opisuju ratna nasilja? Koje kategorije nasilja su istaknute u pričama? Kako preživjeli opisuju seksualno nasilje i oblike seksualnog zlostavljanja tijekom rata? U ovoj studiji, želim dotaći fenomen “ratnog nasilja” kroz analizu priča ispitanika, odnosno njihove opise te odnose među njima. Ova analiza će pokazati da je interpretacija biografskih posljedica ratnog nasilja blisko povezana s osobnim ratnim iskustvima ispitanika. U nastavku ću pokušati istaći kako stvaranje koncepta “ratnog nasilja” postaje vidljivo kad sugovornici u empirijskom materijalu govore o (1) novom društvenom poretku, (2) ljudskoj patnji, (3) seksualnom nasilju i (4) ubijanju ljudi.

  • 52.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Engagerad fixare eller ytterligare en person som ”bara pratar”?: Mödrars röster om samordnare i ungdomsvården2009Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze how mothers with children placed in Swedish juvenile homes interpret, define and perceive, on the one hand, the project “Motverka Våld och Gäng” meaning “Counteract Violence and Gangs”, and on the other hand the role of the Coordinators employed in this project. The mothers who were interviewed spoke about some Coordinators that they appreciated. They then paint different pictures of appreciated Coordinators. These includes Coordinators who possess the power to, for example, “check out the Social Service” and Coordinators without power who never-the-less are appreciated. The Coordinators who are described in a positive way are also seen as actors that are dedicated. They often call the mothers, they fight for their children and succeed in making absent fathers more committed. The mothers whose stories contain criticism towards the Coordinators often criticize the other involved actors. The criticism itself isn’t only focused on the Coordinator but rather on the context in which the Coordinator is a part. When the Coordinator is criticized explicitly, the description partly projects the picture of the Coordinator as absent from the care-giving chain.

  • 53.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Ethnic monitoring and social control: Descriptions from juveniles in juvenile care institutions2014Inngår i: Ett inkluderande samhälle? En inkluderande sociologi? Sociologidagarna 2014, Göteborg, March 13-15, 2014, 2014, s. 6-6Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has emphasized the institutional racism in total institutions. Researchers have highlighted the importance of narratives but have not focused on narratives about ethnic monitoring and social control. This article tries to fill this gap by analysing stories related to descriptions of ethnic monitoring and social control as told by juveniles of non-Swedish ethnicity in Swedish juvenile care institutions. A juvenile’s ethnicity was highlighted by drawing attention to the staff’s monitoring and social control. Interviews elucidated the victimhood that non-Swedish juveniles portrayed in relation to the staff and/or Swedish juveniles. When juveniles of non-Swedish ethnicity described ethnic monitoring and social control, they generally distanced themselves from staff behaviour and portrayed a victim identity. In constructing their identity, juveniles sometimes used their ethnic background rhetorically when describing everyday situations in the institution. The juveniles portrayed a humiliated self through dissociation from the staff and through the descriptions that they were treated differently than Swedish juveniles.

  • 54.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Ethnic monitoring and social control: Descriptions from juveniles in juvenile care institutions2015Inngår i: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 20-34Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has emphasized the institutional racism in total institutions. Researchers have highlighted the importance of narratives but have not focused on narratives about ethnic monitoring and social control. This article tries to fill this gap by analysing stories related to descriptions of ethnic monitoring and social control as told by juveniles of non-Swedish ethnicity in Swedish juvenile care institutions. A juvenile’s ethnicity was highlighted by drawing attention to the staff’s monitoring and social control. Interviews elucidated the victimhood that non-Swedish juveniles portrayed in relation to the staff and/or Swedish juveniles. When juveniles of non-Swedish ethnicity described ethnic monitoring and social control, they generally distanced themselves from staff behaviour and portrayed a victim identity. In constructing their identity, juveniles sometimes used their ethnic background rhetorically when describing everyday situations in the institution. The juveniles portrayed a humiliated self through dissociation from the staff and through the descriptions that they were treated differently than Swedish juveniles.

  • 55.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Ethnic monitoring and social control in juvenile care institutions2014Inngår i: Exploring Blind Spots. 27th Conference of the Nordic Sociological Association, Lund, Sweden, August 14-16, 2014, 2014, s. 25-25Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In an evaluation of a juvenile-care project sponsored by the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care, ethnicity was identified as an important dimension in treatment, staff practices, and relationships among juveniles. This article aims to analyze descriptions of ethnic monitoring and social control in Swedish juvenile institutions. A juvenile’s ethnicity was highlighted by drawing attention to the staff’s monitoring and social control. Interviews elucidated the victimhood that non-Swedish juveniles portrayed in relation to the staff and/or Swedish juveniles. When juveniles of non-Swedish ethnicity described ethnic monitoring and social control, they generally distanced themselves from staff behavior and portrayed a victim identity. In constructing their identity, juveniles sometimes used their ethnic background rhetorically when describing everyday situations in the institution. The juveniles portrayed a humiliated self through dissociation from the staff and through the descriptions that they were treated differently than Swedish juveniles.

  • 56.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Etnicitet i ungdomsvården – förslag till fortsatt värdegrundsarbete2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta utkast utgör en redovisning av ett uppdrag som jag fick av Forsknings- och utvecklingsenheten vid Statens institutionsstyrelse (SiS). Uppdraget bestod i att, under en tvåmånadersperiod (april och maj 2009), granska och urskilja etnicitetsmarkörer i det empiriska material som samlats in under intervjuer och möten med aktörerna i ett samarbetsprojekt i ungdomsvården (MVG-projektet). Tanken var att studien skulle ge några förslag på strategier i det fortsatta värdegrundsarbetet inom SiS. I detta utkast analyseras muntliga etnicitetsgestaltningar hos olika aktörer i ungdomsvården. Undersökningen uppmärksammar etniciteten när den uttrycks verbalt och icke-verbalt, hur den uttrycks samt i vilka situationer kategoriseringar synliggörs implicit eller explicit. Studiens syfte är: att analysera när och hur etnicitet aktualiseras genom kategoriseringar i ungdomsvården, att uppmärksamma hur dessa kategoriseringar markeras samt påvisa hur berättarens egna etniska identitet formas och upprätthålls genom olika markeringar. Rapporten bygger på 109 intervjuer som genomförts med olika aktörer i ungdomsvården samt de fältanteckningar jag fört i anslutning till de olika mötena, spontana samtal före och efter intervjuerna, och i anslutning till besöken på de olika institutionerna, arbetsplatserna, mm.

  • 57.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Etnicitet i ungdomsvården: Yrkesverksammas och ungdomarnas muntliga framställningar2010Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze when and how ethnicity is actualised through categorisations in Swedish youth-care, to attract attention to how these categorisations are indicated and point out how the narrators own ethnic identity is shaped and upheld through different markings. The report is based on 109 interviews conducted with different actors in the youth-care and my field-notes made in connection with the different meetings, spontaneous conversations before and after the interviews, and when visiting different institutions, work-places, etc. Ethnicity is used explicitly as well as implicitly, by the youths themselves and the professionals, in peer relations within each collective and between the collectives. Usually ethnicity is used as an explanation and as an instrument in the interaction, i.e. it is used to achieve different things or to emphasize or highlight a desirable image of people or problems at hand. The professionals use ethnicity to explain the youths actions, they also compare themselves to colleagues regarding who displays the greatest ethnic consideration or who knows most about ethnicity. Ethnicity then becomes a resource in presenting one-self: you present yourself as, for instance, “culturally competent” in relation to others. The youths also use ethnicity when they talk about the placing at various institutions, the social control at the institution, discrimination, love relations, etc. The life in the institution becomes ethnically charged in interviews with youngsters, but this perspective is not always shared by other actors. Treatments interpreted as ethnic discrimination by the youths are sometimes seen as self-inflicted by the staff, e.g. as a result of alleged inappropriate behaviour. Ethnicity is a contested marker in this context and thus a potential weapon in the interplay. This is specially highlighted through ethnically coloured profanity and name-calling which the youths experience as an instrument of humiliation. Sometimes ethnicity is portrayed as a resource, as an asset for the actors in the youth-care, providing tools for comprehending and implementing situations and projects. Things that are made comprehensible and are implemented (or said to have been implemented) often become problematic from the actors perspective. This happening doesn’t have to be a problem in itself, it rather clarifies how actors use ethnicity to demonstrate problems.

  • 58.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Etnifierad övervakning och social kontroll på ungdomsvårdsinstitutioner2013Inngår i: Den sorterande ordningsmakten: Studier av etnicitet och polisiär kontroll / [ed] Peterson, Abby; Åkerström, Malin, Malmö: Bokbox Förlag , 2013, s. 177-200Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In an evaluation of a juvenile-care project sponsored by the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care, ethnicity was identified as an important factor in treatment, staff practices, and relationships between juveniles. This study examined ethnic monitoring and social control in 15 Swedish juvenile institutions. I analysed notes from interviews and field observations. Discriminatory behaviours and practices were described or made evident by juveniles with non-Swedish ethnicities. In specific examples, a juvenile’s ethnicity was highlighted by drawing attention to the staff’s monitoring and control practices. These examples elucidated the victimhood that non-Swedish juveniles experienced in relation to the staff and/or Swedish juveniles. Thomas Hylland Eriksen (1993) described ethnicity as an ongoing relationship-building process between participants. The present study showed that the ’establishment’ of ethnicity was intimately associated with juvenile descriptions of discrimination and their moral criticism of juvenile care practices. When juveniles of non-Swedish ethnicity described institutional ethnic monitoring and social control, they generally distanced themselves from staff behaviour and portrayed a victim identity. In constructing their identity, juveniles sometimes used their ethnic background rhetorically when describing everyday situations in the institution. The juveniles portrayed a humiliated self through dissociation from the staff and through the perception that they were treated differently than Swedish juveniles.

  • 59.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Extreme Case of Crisis: Definitions of War Violence in Narratives of Survivors from the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Ekstremni slučaj krize: Definicije ratnog nasilja u pričama preživjelih iz rata u Bosni i Hercegovini2015Inngår i: Crisis Management Days. 8th International Scientific Conference. University of Applied Sciences Velika Gorica, Velika Gorica, Croatia (20150514-20150515) / [ed] Nađ, Ivan, Veleučilište Velika Gorica , 2015, s. 499-510Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point of this article is the war that took place in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina and more specifi cally interpersonal interpretations of violence and the biographical impact of war-time violence. Serbian soldiers and police targeted their use of violent force directly against the civilian populations in northwestern Bosnia. In their quest to expel Bosniacs and Croats from this area, Serbian soldiers and police used mass executions, forced flight, systematic rape, and concentration camps. The aim of this article is to analyze how the survivors describe war-time violence and which discursive patterns emerge in the construction of the category “war violence.” My questions are as follows: How do the interviewees describe wartime violence? Which categories of violence are highlighted in the stories? How do war survivors describe sexual violence and other sexual abuse during the war? In this study, I seek to touch on the phenomenon “war violence” by analyzing the narratives of the informants, namely their descriptions in relation to themselves and others. This analysis will show that the interpretation of the biographical consequences of war violence is intimately related to the subject’s own war experiences. In the following, I try to highlight how the creation of the concept “war violence” is made visible when the interviewees, in the empirical material, talk about (1) a new social order in society, (2) human suffering, (3) sexual violence, and (4) slaughter of humans.

  • 60.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Extreme Case of Crisis: Definitions of War Violence in Narratives of Survivors from the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Ekstremni slučaj krize: Definicije ratnog nasilja u pričama preživjelih poslije rata u Bosni i Hercegovini2015Inngår i: Crisis Management Days. 8th International Scientific Conference, University of Applied Sciences Velika Gorica, Velika Gorica, Croatia (20150514-20150515), University of Applied Sciences Velika Gorica, Velika Gorica, Croatia , 2015, s. 104-105Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point of this paper is the war that took place in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina and more specifi cally interpersonal interpretations of violence and the biographical impact of wartime violence. Serbian soldiers and police targeted their use of violent force directly against the civilian populations in northwestern Bosnia. In their quest to expel Bosniacs and Croats from this area, Serbian soldiers and police used mass executions, forced fl ight, systematic rape, and concentration camps. The aim of this paper is to fi ll this knowledge gap through analyzing the stories told by survivors of the war in northwestern Bosnia during the 1990s. The purpose is to analyze how the survivors describe wartime violence and which discursive patterns emerge in the construction of the category “war violence”. My questions are as follows: How do the interviewees describe war-time violence? Which categories of violence are highlighted in the stories? How do war survivors describe sexual violence and other sexual abuse during the war? In this study, I seek to touch on the phenomenon of “war violence” by analyzing the narratives of the informants, namely their descriptions in relation to themselves and others. This analysis will show that the interpretation of the biographical consequences of war violence is intimately related to the subject’s own war experiences. Further, I will try to highlight how the creation of the concept “war violence” is made visible when the interviewees, in the empirical material, talk about (1) a new social order in society, (2) human suff ering, (3) sexual violence, and (4) slaughter of humans.

  • 61.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Extreme case of insecurity: Violence narratives of survivors from the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina2015Inngår i: Researching security: Approaches, concepts and policies, Vol 4. International Scientific Conference, Ohrid, June 2-3, 2015. / [ed] Cane T. Mojanoski, Skopje: University St. Kliment Ohridski, Bitola, Faculty of Security , 2015, s. 216-233Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Bosnian war can be seen as a particularly illustrative case of war sociology, based on the ethnic mix of the population prior to the war. War antagonists often knew each other from before the war. Serbian soldiers and policemen carried out mass executions, forced flight, and systematic rape and set up concentration camps in their effort to drive away Bosniacs and Croats from northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina. The warfare was directly targeted against civilians. The material for the study was gathered through qualitative interviews with 27 individuals who survived the war in north-western Bosnia and Herzegovina. This study joins those narrative traditions within sociology where oral presentations are seen as both discursive- and experience-based. An interactionally inspired perspective on human interaction, through symbols and an ethno-methodological perspective on human stories is a general starting point. In addition, I perceive the concept of war violence as an especially relevant component in those specific stories that I analyzed. Previous research on violence during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina presents a one-sided picture of the phenomenon ”war violence”. Researchers have emphasized the importance of narratives but they have not focused on narratives about war violence, nore have they analyzed the stories of war violence being a product of interpersonal interaction and meaning-making activity. This article tries to fill this knowledge gap by analyzing the narratives of survivors of the war in northwestern Bosnia in the 1990s. The aim is to analyze how the interviewees describe violence during the war, and also to analyze those discursive patterns that contribute in constructing the category ”war violence”. The analysis shows that the individual's interpretation of the biographical consequences of war violence are intimately related to the subjects own war experiences. All interviewees describing war violence as morally reprehensible. Narratives retelling violent situations, perpetrators of violence and subjected to violence does not only exist as a mental construction, stories live their lives after the war, and thus have real consequences for individuals and society.

  • 62.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Folkmord och försoning2015Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    De mellanmänskliga interaktioner som våldet fött fortgår efter det att själva våldssituationen avslutats. Återgivningar av våldsverkare och våldsdrabbade från kriget existerar inte enbart som verbala konstruktioner i dagens Bosnien. Berättelser om våldsamma situationer lever sitt eget liv efter kriget och fortsätter att ha betydelse för individer och samhällsliv. Individer som fördrevs från nordvästra Bosnien under kriget på 1990-talet är i juridisk mening en erkänd våldsdrabbad offerkategori. De har alla utsatts för brott mot de mänskliga rättigheterna och de flesta för våldsbrott av olika slag. Flera förövare har blivit dömda av Haagtribunalen och Bosnien och Hercegovinas tribunal för krigsbrott. De brott som begåtts i nordvästra Bosnien är kvalificerade som folkmord enligt åtal mot de före detta serbiska ledarna Radovan Karadžić och Ratko Mladić.

  • 63.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Forgiveness, Reconciliation and Implacability in Narratives of Survivors after the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina2013Inngår i: Crisis, Critique and Change. Abstract book. 11th European Sociological Association Conference, Turin, Italy, August 28-31, 2013, 2013, s. 1146-1147Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I analyze verbally portrayed experiences of 27 survivors from the 90’s war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. One aim of the article is to analyze markers for reconciliation and implacability, the second is to describe the terms for reconciliation which are actualized in those stories. The interactive dynamics, which occurred during the war, make the post-war reconciliation wartime associated. Narratives about reconciliation, implacability and terms for reconciliation, are not only formed in relation to the war as a whole but also in relation to one’s own and others’ persons wartime actions. The narratives about reconciliation become an arena in which we and them are played against each other in different ways – not least by rejecting the others acts during the war. In the interviewees stories implacability is predominant but reconciliation is presented as a possibility if certain conditions are met. These conditions are, for instance, justice for war victims,perpetrators’ recognition of crime and perpetrators’ emotional commitment (for example the display of remorse and shame).

  • 64.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Fältarbete och nya frågeställningar – exemplet Bosnien2008Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta utkast analyseras forskningsprocessens olika steg, från problemformulering till analys av data, och de kritiska val man ställs inför. Den empiriska delen bygger på observationer i Ljubija, en stad i nordvästra Bosnien, tidningsartiklar från området samt fjorton intervjuer. Känslorna under fältarbetet diskuteras.

  • 65.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Förlåtelse, försoning och oförsonlighet i överlevandes berättelser efter kriget i Bosnien2013Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 50, nr 1, s. 51-68Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I analyze verbally portrayed experiences of 27 survivors from the 1990s' war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. One aim of the article is to analyze markers for reconciliation and implacability, the second is to describe the terms for reconciliation which are actualized in those stories. The interactive dynamics, which occurred during the war, make the post-war reconciliation wartime associated. Narratives about reconciliation, implacability and terms for reconciliation, are not only formed in relation to the war as a whole but also in relation to one's own and others' wartime actions. The narratives about reconciliation become an arena in which we and them are played against each other in different ways not least by rejecting the others' acts during the war. In the interviewees stories implacability is predominant but reconciliation is presented as a possibility if certain conditions are met. These conditions are, for instance, justice for war victims, perpetrators' recognition of crime and perpetrators' emotional commitment (for example the display of remorse and shame).

  • 66.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik (PED). Lund University.
    Health Care, Ethnicity and War: Young Immigrants with War Experiences in Institutional Care in Sweden2016Inngår i: World Congress on Health and Medical Sociology. Keynote Forum. Las Vegas, USA (20160919-20160920), Las Vegas, 2016, s. 39-39Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is (1) to analyze narratives of youth that have experienced war, taken refuge in Sweden, and taken into custody and placed in institutions; (2) to analyze the organization of work cared for youth with war experiences ininstitutional care. The material of the study is gathered through interviews and conversations with youngsters in institutional care with war experience and through interviews and conversations with staff who work among youth with war experiences in institutional care. The theoretical perspective is determined from an ethno-methodological influenced interaction. Special attention will be given to the social comparisons and stories about health care, ethnicity and war which are expressed in the interviews.

  • 67.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Idealna žrtva i nadmetanje za dobijanje statusa žrtve u pričama preživjelih rata u Bosni i Hercegovini: Ideal victim and competition for victimhood in the stories of the survivors of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina2015Inngår i: Temida, ISSN 1450-6637, E-ISSN 2406-0941, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 7-30Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on victimhood often has presented a one-sided picture of the “victim” and “perpetrator”. Researchers have emphasized the importance of narratives and they have focused on narratives about victimhood, but a researcher has not analyzed post-war interviews as a competition for victimhood. This article tries to fill this gap using stories told by survivors of the Bosnian war during the 1990s. I focus on describing the informants portrayal of “victimhood” as well as analysing those discursive patterns which contributed in constructing the category “victim” and ”perpetrator”. My research question is: How do the interviewees describe victimhood after the war? When, after the war, different actors claim this “victim” status, it sparks a competition for victimhood. All informants are eager to present themselves as victims while at the same time for the other categories victim status is downplayed. In this reproduction of competition for the victim role, all demarcations that were played out so successfully during the war live on.

  • 68.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Institutionsplacerade ungdomars berättelser om samordnarna i ungdomsvården2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta utkast är att analysera hur ungdomar som varit placerade på särskilda ungdomshem upplever, definierar och tolkar ett behandlingsprojekt, som involverade olika myndigheter, benämnt Motverka Våld och Gäng. Dessutom uppmärksammas hur de tolkade de i projektet anställda samordnarna. Den personliga aspekten i relationen mellan ungdomar och samordnare framställs som viktig och det verkar som om den aspekten fyller en viktig funktion i vårdkedjan. Ett gott samspel mellan samordnare och ungdom kan stärka att samordnarens förutsättningar att påverka vårdkedjan under förutsättning att samordnaren accepteras av socialsekreteraren i fallet. Om samarbetet mellan samordnare och socialsekreterare är bristfälligt kan socialsekreteraren komma att uppleva ungdomens uppskattning av samordnaren som en allians mellan ungdom – samordnare mot socialsekreteraren. Detta kan ge negativa effekter på ungdomens vårdkedja. Samordnarna uppskattas av ungdomarna om de är trovärdiga och förtroendeingivande, och detta tycks enbart inträffa om de är personliga. En samordnare som intar rollen som – ytterligare en – distanserad och formell myndighetsperson blir endast ännu en av de många vuxna, som omger dessa ungdomar. Samtidigt måste samordnaren behärska myndighetsperspektiven. En omtyckt samordnare är en samordnare som kan kontrollera och inspektera vad övriga myndighetsaktörer gör, och som inte enbart intar en kompisroll. Samordnarna uppskattas inte av de unga när de inte gör någon skillnad. En samordnare som inte ringer eller på andra sätt tar kontakt, som förblir okänd och anonym och som förefaller ha ett otydligt eller ”dimmigt” uppdrag får ingen respekt. Samordnare uppfattas som obetydliga och oanvändbara om de inte framträder som tydliga personer i de ungas värld.

  • 69.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Konkurrensen om offerrollen i överlevandes berättelser efter kriget i Bosnien2014Inngår i: Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning, ISSN 0040-716X, E-ISSN 1504-291X, Vol. 55, nr 2, s. 203-228Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to analyse verbally portrayed experiences of 27 survivors of the 1990’s war in northwestern Bosnia. My focus is on describing how the interviewees portray the social phenomenon of «victimhood» and on analysing the discursive patterns that contribute to construction of the category «victim». When, after the war, different actors claim this «victim» status, it sparks a competition for victimhood. The competition between categories seems to take place on a symbolic level. By reproducing this competition for the victim role, all demarcations, which were played out so skilfully during the war, are kept alive.

  • 70.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL). Lund University.
    Konstruktion av normupplösning och moralisk panik. Etnografisk analys av underrättelse-, operativt polis- och gränsbevakningsarbete (Construction of norm resolution and moral panics. Ethnographic analysis concerning intelligence and operational police and border guards’ work)2018Inngår i: Nordic Journal of Studies in Policing, ISSN 1104-2176, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 50-69Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att analysera hur underrättelsepersonal och operativ personal inom de olika gränsmyndigheterna i den baltiska regionen framställer ”kriminella ryssar” och vilka diskursiva mönster som medverkar i konstruktionen av kategorin ”den normupplösande ryssen”. Studiens analytiska upptäckter presenteras under följande teman: (1) Konstruktion av normupplösning och moralisk panik: exempel kriminell, (2) Konstruktion av normupplösning och moralisk panik: exempel spion och (3) Konstruktion av normupplösning och moralisk panik: exempel militär invasion. Den varierande moral som aktörer inom underrättelse- operativt polis- och gränsbevakningsarbete uppvisar, och den förstärkning av argumentet för behovet att bekämpa den andra (”ryssen”), kan tolkas på flera sätt. En tolkning är att den konstruerade rädslan för den normupplösande ryssen och återgiven moralisk panik är ett uttryck för en social identitet, i och med att den baseras på en kontrast i förhållande till de andra. Genom att bygga upp idéer om ”fiender” skapas och återskapas moralisk panik samt den professionella polis- och gränsbevakningens yrkesidentiteter. Dessutom utkristalliseras i studiens analys bilden av ryssar som utpekade av polis och gränsbevakare i Baltiska regionen.

  • 71.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Krig och brott: Definitioner av kriminalitet i ett bosniskt efterkrigssamhälle2005Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    What is percieved as a crime in war time varies depending on the war at issue, the eventual peace, the victors and the victims. This study focuses on the resolution of rules that occured in Ljubija, a town in the north-western part of Bosnia-Herzegovina, during the the war 1992-1995, and how it created new conflicts and group formations that live on after the war. After the war a competition for the victim-role took place between different communities. The empirical part of the study is based upon observations in Ljubija, newspaper articles from the area and conversational interviews. The material was analysed using Emile Durkheim’s view on criminality in the society, Georg Simmel’s analysis on reconciliation and Nils Christie’s term “the ideal victim”. I also discuss my own emotions and thoughts as a fieldworker during the study.

  • 72.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik (PED). Lund University.
    Krigets sociologi: Analyser av krigsvåld, koncentrationsläger, offerskap och försoning: [Sociology of War: Analysis of war violence, concentration camps, victimhood and reconciliation]2016Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I tidigare forskning om krig presenteras ofta ensidiga bilder av fenomenen krigsvåld, offerskap och försoning. Denna bok utgår från berättelser av överlevande efter kriget i Bosnien under 1990-talet. Syftet är att analysera hur de intervjuade beskriver dessa fenomen samt vilka diskursiva mönster som framträder i konstruktionen av begreppen ”offer” och ”förövare”. Mina frågeställningar är: Hur beskriver intervjupersonerna krigsvåld, offerskap och försoning efter kriget? Vilka krigskategorier uppmärksammas i berättelserna? Hur beskriver intervjupersonerna tillvaron i koncentrationslägren?

    Konstruktionen av begreppet ”krigsvåld” synliggörs i det empiriska materialet när intervjupersonerna berättar om (1) en ny social ordning i samhället, (2) människolidande, (3) sexualiserat krigsvåld och (4) människoslakt. Alla intervjuade definierar krigsvåldet som moraliskt förkastligt. Våldsutövningen under kriget framställs som organiserad och ritualiserad, vilket skapar en bild av att våldsutövningen blev en norm i samhället snarare än ett undantag. Berättelser om våldsamma situationer, våldsverkare och våldsdrabbade existerar inte enbart som tankekonstruktioner. Berättelserna lever sitt eget liv efter kriget och har därmed verkliga konsekvenser för individer och samhället.Genom berättelser om förbrytelser och övergrepp i koncentrationslägren tar intervjupersonerna avstånd från vakternas agerande och från krigskategori koncentrationslägerplacerad. Återberättade kränknings- och maktritualer visar att utrymmet för individualitet i lägren var starkt begränsat men att motstånds- och statusritualer samt anpassning till livsvillkoren i lägren tycks ha frambringat ett visst utrymme för förhöjd individualisering. Att ha besuttit någorlunda kontroll och haft möjlighet att ge motstånd verkar bidragit till en känsla av heder och självaktning för lägerfångarna, en känsla som verkar vuxit sig stark även efter kriget. Deras berättelser idag utgör en form av fortsatt motstånd.

    Aktörernas anspråk på statusen ”offer” skapar en konkurrens om offerrollen efter kriget. Konkurrensen mellan kategorierna tycks utspela sig på en symbolisk nivå. Utvecklingen under och efter kriget har medfört att befolkningen kan beskrivas utifrån fyra kategorier. En kategori består av de ”kvarvarande”, det vill säga de individer som före, under och efter kriget varit bosatta i nordvästra Bosnien. En annan är de ”flyktingar” som fördrivits till nordvästra Bosnien från övriga delar av Bosnien och Kroatien. En tredje kategori är de ”återvändande”, det vill säga individer som fördrivits från nordvästra Bosnien under kriget och återvänt efter kriget. Den fjärde kategorin är ”diasporan”, det vill säga de individer som fördrivits från nordvästra Bosnien under kriget och stannat i det nya landet. Alla intervjuade vill framställa sig som ”ideala offer” men alla är på väg att förlora den statusen. De återvändande och diasporan förlorar den genom att de fått omgivningens erkännande och har högre ekonomisk status, de kvarvarande genom att de fortfarande lever i skuggan av kriget och flyktingarna genom att de framställs som främlingar och passar i rollen som ideala förövare. Reproducerandet av konkurrens om offerrollen tycks upprätthålla de gränsdragningar som spelades ut så tydligt under kriget.

    Den interaktiva dynamik som pågick under kriget gör att försoningen efter kriget binds till krigstiden. Berättelser om försoning blir en arena för olika utspel mellan ”vi” och ”de” – inte minst genom avståndstagande från de andras agerande under kriget. I de intervjuades berättelser är oförsonligheten det mest framträdande men försoning framställs kunna åstadkommas om vissa villkor uppfylls. Dessa villkor är till exempel rättvisa för krigets offer, förövarens erkännande av brott och förövarens känsloengagemang (exempelvis att visa ånger och skam).

  • 73.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL). Lund University.
    Language and creativity: unaccompanied young refugees with experiences of war in institutional care in Sweden2018Inngår i: New creative approaches in social sciences: the proceedings of CIL 2018: Fifth Edition of International Conference of Humanities and Social Sciences - Creativity, Imaginary, Language, Craiova, Romania, 24-25 May 2018 / [ed] Davian Vlad, Alexandra Iorgulescu, Mihaela Marcu & Aida Cornelia Stoian, Editura Sitech Craiova , 2018, s. 9-23Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is: 1) to analyse the narratives of young people who have experienced a war, fled to Sweden and been taken care of and placed in institutions, 2) to analyse the narratives of institution personnel about the day-to-day work of taking care of young people who have experienced war. The material used in the study has been gathered by means of interviews with young people in care with experiences of war, and interviews with personnel at HVB homes (residential or care homes) who work with these young people. The previous research shows that the social pedagogic perspective is one of the perspectives in social sciences that stresses the importance of including the individual in the community. The individual is given confirmation of his or her identity by participating in the community, and successful interaction between individuals is a fundamental prerequisite for the successful integration of unaccompanied children and young people in Sweden. Analysis of the study’s empirical material shows that there are major variations in what is expected of a social pedagogue in the work with unaccompanied young refugees with experiences of war in institutional care in Sweden. A common denominator is that the mission of a social pedagogue and the context in which the social pedagogue operates appears to be sufficiently flexible to enable an individual to play the role in a wide variety of ways. It is only when the individual social pedagogue adopts an active, assertive, independent, personal and relatively strong posture that he or she has a chance to be of importance to other professional categories and for the client. This means in practice that it is only when the individual social pedagogue transcends the expectations of the role presented above that he or she has a chance to be appreciated by other collaborators.

  • 74.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Mödrars röster om samordnare i ungdomsvården2009Inngår i: Vårdkedja för ungdomar eller professionella?: En processutvärdering av projektet ”Motverka våld och gäng” / [ed] Basic, Goran; Thelander, Joakim; Åkerström, Malin, Stockholm: Statens Institutionsstyrelse , 2009, Vol. Forskningsrapport 2009:5, s. 119-153Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze how mothers with children placed in Swedish juvenile homes interpret, define and perceive, on the one hand, the project “Motverka Våld och Gäng” meaning “Counteract Violence and Gangs”, and on the other hand the role of the Coordinators employed in this project. The mothers who were interviewed spoke about some Coordinators that they appreciated. They then paint different pictures of appreciated Coordinators. These includes Coordinators who possess the power to, for example, “check out the Social Service” and Coordinators without power who never-the-less are appreciated. The Coordinators who are described in a positive way are also seen as actors that are dedicated. They often call the mothers, they fight for their children and succeed in making absent fathers more committed. The mothers whose stories contain criticism towards the Coordinators often criticize the other involved actors. The criticism itself isn’t only focused on the Coordinator but rather on the context in which the Coordinator is a part. When the Coordinator is criticized explicitly, the description partly projects the picture of the Coordinator as absent from the care-giving chain.

  • 75.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Narratives after the Bosnian War: Competition for Victimhood2014Inngår i: Democracy, Citizenship and Urban Violence. 2nd Annual Conference of Urban Research and Development Society, Dhaka, March 12-13, 2014 / [ed] Hossain, Shahadat, Dhaka: Urban Research and Development Society , 2014, s. 3-3Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    My goal with this article is to analyze the retold experiences of 27 survivors of the 1990s war in northwestern Bosnia. I focus on describing the informants’ portrayal of “victimhood” as a social phenomenon as well as analyzing those discoursive patterns which contributed in constructing the category “victim”. When, after the war, different actors claim this “victim” status, it sparks a competition for victimhood. All informants are eager to present themselves as victims while at the same time the other categories’ victim status are downplayed. In this reproduction of competition for the victim role, all demarcations that were played out so successfully during the war live on.

  • 76.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Narratives of Former Bosnian Detainees: Concentration Camp Rituals2014Inngår i: Sigurnost urbanih sredina (”The Security of Urban Areas”), Sarajevo, Bosnia & Hercegovina, May 16, 2014, 2014, s. 145-146Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the experiences retold by former concentration camp detainees who were placed in concentration camps like civilians at the beginning of the Bosnian war in the 1990s. The article aims to describe the recounted social interaction rituals after time spent in a concentration camp as well as identifying how these interactions are symbolically dramatized. In their stories of crime and abuse in the concentration camps, the detainees reject the guards’ actions and the designation of ‘concentration camp detainee’. The retold stories of violation and power rituals in the camps show that there was little space for individuality. Nevertheless, resistance and status rituals along with adapting to the conditions in the camps seem to have generated some room for increased individualization. To have possessed some control and been able to resist seems to have granted the detainees a sense of honor and self-esteem, not least after the war. Their narratives today represent a form of continued resistance.

  • 77.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    När samverkan får erkännande: Beskrivna och observerade erfarenheter från ungdomsvården2015Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous collaboration research shows that problems and conflicts sometimes arise as a part of collaboration. This book analyzes successful cooperation unfolding during shorter interaction sequences. In this study I endeavour to describe the contributing factors that are necessary to achieve the phenomenon of a successful collaboration. I do this partially with help from studies published in previous literature, but especially by analyzing my own empirical material: narratives from the interviewees and field notes. The aim is to analyze how and when the actors within youth care portray successful cooperation, and which discursive and interactive patterns are involved in the construction of this phenomenon. The empirical basis for this study is formed by 147 recorded interviews with institution-placed youths, their parents, and different occupational categories within the social services and the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care, and 119 field observations of organized meetings and informal meetings before and after organized meetings, during visits to youth care institutions in Sweden, social services offices, and the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care. The material is analyzed with the help of insights from Georg Simmel (1950/1964), Theodore Caplow (1968), and Erving Goffman (1959/2004). In this study, markers are used to define successful cooperation in the empirical material, so that actors who belong to at least three different categories will be identified. The personal interactive aspect of cooperation among actors in youth care is important to the success of collaboration. This aspect also appears to have significance for producing and reproducing joint collaboration identities. However, joint collaboration identities and the coherence triad can limit the sphere of cooperation to the youth care entities: the juvenile (or his/her parents) is left out. The professional actors can also shape a coherent triad with young people or parents in cases where past conflicts arise. When some professionals create a distance from other professional partners, conflicts can be erased generating new conditions for coherence of the triad. Construction and reconstruction of collaboration success is an ongoing, interactive process. Presentation of the proper interaction moral is created and re-created during interactions and appears in the myriad everyday interactions. Coherent triads and success points of interest that are beneficial for the juvenile in the situation also create the image of a positive development for the juvenile. In this way, common identities of interplay that are useful for the juvenile are being created and elucidated. The physical presence of the juvenile in these situations is especially important for the “successful collaboration.”

  • 78.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik (PED).
    Observed Coherent Triads in Swedish Social Work Practice. Analysis of Observed Successful Collaboration Beneficial for Clients in Swedish Juvenile Care2017Inngår i: BOOK of ABSTRACTS, EUSSSI 2017, The 8th Conference of the European Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction Studying Everyday Life: Generic Dimensions of Interactionist Inquiry, Lodz, Poland, 2017, s. 9-10Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on collaboration in social work practice shows that conflicts among collaborating authorities and organizations and that include cooperating actors are common. In this study, I have analyzed a successful dimension of the phenomenon “cooperation.” The purpose of the study is to analyze examples of successful cooperation in Swedish social work practice. This study presents an analysis of factors of “successful collaboration” as described in the field notes of the study and that can be interpreted as beneficial for the youth in question. A total of 119 field observations of organized and informal meetings form the empirical basis for this study. The observations took place before and after these meetings and during visits to youth care institutions in Sweden, social services offices, and the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care. The factors used in the empirical material of this study serve to define successful cooperation that makes visible actors belonging to at least three different categories (coherent triad in the collaborative act). Constructing and reconstructing a collaboration success is a dynamic, interactive process. Coherent triads and success points of interest that are beneficial for the young person in the situation also create the image of a positive development for the young person. In this way, common identities of interplay that are useful for the young person are being created and elucidated. The physical presence of the young person in these situations is especially important factor for the “successful collaboration.” 

  • 79.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL). Lund University.
    Observed successful collaboration in social work practice: coherent triads in Swedish juvenile care: [Observerad framgångsrik samverkan i socialt arbete. Samstämmiga triader inom svensk ungdomsvård]2018Inngår i: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 193-206Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyse observed situations of successful cooperation, even if it unfolds during shorter interaction sequences. The aim is to analyse how and when the actors within juvenile care in Sweden present successful cooperation, and which interactive patterns are involved in the construction of this phenomenon. Forming the empirical basis for this study are 119 field observations of organised meetings and informal meetings before and after organised meetings, during visits to youth care institutions in Sweden, social services offices, and the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care. In this study, markers are used to define successful cooperation in the empirical material, so that actors who belong to at least three different categories will be identified (coherent triad). The professional actors can also shape a coherent triad with young people or parents in cases where past conflicts arise. When some professionals create a distance from other professional partners, conflicts can be erased so as to generate new conditions for coherence of the triad. Construction and reconstruction of collaboration success is an ongoing, interactive process. Presentation of the proper interaction moral is created and re-created during interactions and appears in the myriad of everyday interactions.

  • 80.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Om etniska enklaver och samhällsförändringar efter ett krig2008Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta utkast är att identifiera och analysera de sociala relationer och motsättningar som uppstår i ett samhälle som förändrats helt under ett krig. Den empiriska delen bygger på observationer i Ljubija, en stad i nordvästra Bosnien, tidningsartiklar från området samt fjorton intervjuer. Utvecklingen under och efter kriget har gjort att folk i Ljubija grupperas i tre skikt. En grupp består av bosnienserber som före, under och efter kriget varit bosatta i Ljubija (Ljubijabor); sen har vi gruppen med bosnienserber som kom till Ljubija som flyktingar under kriget i Bosnien och Kroatien (alltså flyktingar) och till slut har vi gruppen som består av bosnienmuslimer och bosnienkroater som etniskt rensades från Ljubija och efter kriget återvände dit (återvändande). Grupperna som nu finns i Ljubija förefaller relativt sammansmälta och samarbete samt interaktion mellan dem finns. Individer som bor i dagens Ljubija pratar med varandra när de träffas på gatorna och i kaféer. Fördelningen mellan ”vi” Ljubijabor, ”de” flyktingar och ”de” återvändande tycks för det mesta utspela sig på en symbolisk nivå. För Ljubijabor är både flyktingarna och de återvändande grupper som nämns i ett negativt sammanhang. Å ena sidan vill flyktingarna inte assimilera sig och med tiden har de kommit att utgöra majoriteten i Ljubija vilket i sin tur gör att Ljubijaborna pressas att följa deras normer och värderingar. Å andra sidan har de som återvänt (alltså bosnienkroater och bosnienmuslimer) en bättre ekonomisk situation än Lubijaborna och det skapar avund från Ljubijaborna sida. Det sociala livet i Ljubija, i intervjuades ögon, har förändrats till det sämre. De intervjuade brottas med banal nationalism, extrem fattigdom, sämre sjukvård, ökad kriminalitet och vissa tendenser till anarki i samhället. Rådande sociala relationer i Ljubija markeras på ett sådant sätt att motsättningar och en samhällelig nedgång lyfts fram och dramatiseras. Vad det gäller banal nationalism i Ljubija kan man säga att den reproducerar en viss oförsonlighet eftersom den håller de nationalistiska symboler och gränsdragningar som spelades ut så tydligt och makabert under kriget vid liv. Utvecklingen gjorde också att Ljubija blev en arena för olika utspel mellan vi och de. I den studien kan vi paradoxalt nog märka att etnisk och religiös tillhörighet inte behöver bli ett huvuddrag i vi/de-perspektivet. För den banala nationalismen emellertid är sådan tillhörighet nästan ett måste. Utgruppen som konstrueras hos banal nationalism definieras i termer av etnisk eller religiös tillhörighet.

  • 81.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik (PED).
    Omhändertagna barn och ungdomar med krigserfarenheter. En sociologisk studie av unga invandrares stigman och sociala jämförelser: Children and youth with war experiences in institutional care. A sociological study of young immigrants’ stigma and social comparisons2016Inngår i: Sociologidagarna 2016. Överskridande sociologi, Abstracts. Uppsala, March 10-12,, 2016, s. 31 & 59-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I krigssituationer är civila inte sällan en direkt måltavla för – och ibland rentav deltagare i – krigshandlingar. Barn och ungdomar som flytt från krig har direkt eller indirekt varit involverade i kriget och som resultat av detta blir de sannolikt påverkade under en stor del eller resten av sitt liv. Psykologer refererar t ex till att överlevande efter ett krig lider av posttraumatisk stress (PTSD), depressioner, återkommande mardrömmar, känslomässig avtrubbning och återupplevelser av traumatiska ögonblick. Syftet med studien att analysera berättelser av barn och ungdomar som har upplevt ett krig, tagit sin tillflykt till Sverige samt omhändertagits och placerats på institutioner. Mina specifika frågeställningar är: (1) Hur beskriver intervjupersonerna sin tillvaro i hemlandet under kriget? (2) Hur beskriver intervjupersonerna sin tillvaro på institutionen i Sverige efter kriget? (3) Hur beskriver intervjupersonerna det svenska samhällets bemötande? Det teoretiska perspektivet utgörs av en etnometodologiskt influerad interaktionism. En särskild uppmärksamhet kommer att ägnat åt de sociala jämförelser samt tal om stigma och offerskap, som uttrycks i intervjuerna. Studiens material samlas in genom kvalitativt orienterade intervjuer med 20 omhändertagna barn och ungdomar med krigserfarenheter. Det finns få studier som behandlar berättelser av barn och ungdomar som har upplevt ett krig, tagit sin tillflykt till Sverige samt omhändertagits och placerats på institutioner. Mycket är fortfarande okänt och därför bör undersökas. Denna studie kan fylla kunskapsluckor genom att undersöka detaljer om krigs- och efterkrigstid samt hur moraliseringar fungerar efter en viss tidsdistans. Dessutom kan kunskap som produceras inom ramen av denna studie bli användbar för verksamma praktiker vid olika myndigheter, landsting/regioner, kommuner och aktörer i det civila samhället som bemöter överlevande från likartade historiska situationer.

  • 82.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Pomirenje i nepomirivost: Priče onih koji su preživljeli rat u Bosni i Hercegovini: [ Reconciliation and implacability: Narratives of survivors from the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina ]2013Inngår i: Place and Perspectives of Criminal Justice, Criminology and Security Studies in Contemporary Settings, Sarajevo University, Sarajevo, Bosnien och Hercegovina (20130516), Fakultet za kriminalistiku, kriminologiju i sigurnosne studije, Universitet Sarajevo , 2013, s. 8-8Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [bs]

    U ovom članku analizirana su prepričana iskustva 27 osoba koje su preživjele rat 1990-tih u Bosni i Hercegovini. Jedan cilj članka je da se analiziraju markeri pomirenja i nepomirivosti, a drugi cilj je opisati uslove za pomirenje koji se aktualiziraju u pričama preživjelih. Interaktivna dinamika koja je vladala za vrijeme rata povezuje pitanje poslijeratnog pomirenja sa ratnim godinama. Priče o pomirenju, nepomirivosti i uslovima za pomirenje ne oblikuju se samo vezano za rat u cjelini nego se povezuju i sa sopstvenim postupcima i osobnim postupcima drugih tokom rata. Priče o pomirenju postaju polje za razne verbalne konfrontacije između nas i njih – posebno distanciranjem od djelovanja drugih (njih) tokom rata. U pričama intervjuisanih osoba nepomirivost dominira, ali se ujedno tvrdi de je pomirenje moguće ako se ispune određeni uslovi. Ti uslovi su između ostalog pravda za žrtve rata, da počinitelj prizna krivično djelo i pokaže snažne emocije (na primjer kajanje i sram).

  • 83.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Pomirenje i nepomirljivost u pričama preživjelih poslije rata u Bosni i Hercegovini: Reconciliation and Implacability in Narratives of Survivors after the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina.2015Inngår i: Kriminalističke teme. Časopis za kriminalistiku, kriminologiju i sigurnosne studije, ISSN 1512-5505, Vol. 15, nr 1-2, s. 75-96Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Reason(s) for writing and research problem(s): Previous research on post-war society emphasized structural violence with subsequent reconciliation processes. Aims of the paper (scientific and/or social): Researchers have focused on the importance of narratives, but they have neither highlighted narratives about reconciliation nor analyzed conditions for reconciliation in post-war interviews. One aim of the article is analyzing markers for reconciliation and implacability, the second is describing conditions for reconciliation which are actualized in those stories. Methodology/Design: This article analyzes retold experiences of 27 survivors from the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1992 and 1995. The material for the study was gathered through qualitative interviews with 27 individuals who survived the war in north-western Bosnia and Herzegovina. Research/paper limitations: Interactive dynamics which prevailed during the war associate post-war reconciliation with the war time. Results/Findings: These stories of reconciliation, implacability and conditions for reconciliation, are not created in relation to the war as a whole only but also in relation to one’s own and other’s personal actions during the war. General conclusion: These stories on reconciliation become a forum for confrontation between us and them – not least through dissociation from others war actions. In the interviewees stories implacability is predominant however reconciliation is said to be possible if certain conditions are met. These conditions are, among others, justice for war victims, that the perpetrators’ recognize their crimes and display strong emotions (for example remorse and shame).

  • 84.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Priče bivših bosanskih logoraša: Rituali u koncentracionim logorima: Narratives of Former Bosnian Detainees: Concentration Camp Rituals2014Inngår i: Sigurnost urbanih sredina.  (”The Security of Urban Areas”), Sarajevo University, Sarajevo, Bosnien och Hercegovina (20140516), Fakultet za kriminalistiku, kriminologiju i sigurnosne studije, Universitet Sarajevo , 2014, s. 145-146Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [bs]

    Ovaj članak analizira prepričana iskustva bivših logoraša koji su kao civili odvedeni u koncentracione logore početkom rata u Bosni i Hercegovini 1990-tih godina. Cilj članka je opisati prepričane rituale socialne interakcije poslije vremena provedenog u logoru kao i identifikovati kako su te interakcije simbolično dramatizovane. U svojim pričama o zločinima i zlostavljanju u koncentracionim logorima, logoraši odbacuju postupke čuvara kao i taj naziv ‘logoraš’. Priče o ritualima sile i moći pokazuju da je prostor za individualizam u logorima bio veoma ograničen. Ipak, rituali otpora i statusa su naizgled, zajedno sa adaptacijom na uvjete u logoru, generirali prostor za povećanu individualizaciju. Imati malo kontrole i moć pružanja otpora naizgled je dalo logorašima osjećaj časti i samopoštovanja, naročito poslije rata. Njihove priče u današnjici predstavljaju jedan oblik nastavljenog otpora.

  • 85.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Projektet utifrån institutionspersonalens perspektiv2009Inngår i: Vårdkedja för ungdomar eller professionella?: En processutvärdering av projektet ”Motverka våld och gäng” / [ed] Basic, Goran; Thelander, Joakim; Åkerström, Malin, Stockholm: Statens Institutionsstyrelse , 2009, Vol. Forskningsrapport 2009:5, s. 155-191Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to map out and describe the way employees in Swedish juvenile homes interpret, define and perceive, on the one hand, the project “Motverka Våld och Gäng” meaning “Counteract Violence and Gangs”, and on the other hand the role of the Coordinators employed in this project. The role of the Coordinator is formally clear and unproblematic. The project management directives state what the Coordinators should (and should not) do. In the interviews for this survey the starting point is in fact the ambiguousness. The staff at the juvenile homes do not know or feel unsure about the role of the Coordinator and the purpose of the project. For example, they contested the projects name and meant that it did not include the type of problems that many of the projects youths suffered from. When describing the Coordinator and his role he or she is portrayed as discoursively unclear (when it’s percieved as vaguely stated) and organizationally unclear (when they wonder who does what in the care-giving chain). The staff formulate (“draw”) a clearer role for the Coordinators when talking about their own “ordinary” pressing problems, for example the inertia of the Social Service.

  • 86.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Različite kategorije žrtava i nadmetanje za dobijanje statusa žrtve u pričama preživjelih rata u Bosni i Hercegovini: [ Different Categories of Victims and Competition for Victimhood in the Stories after the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina ]2014Inngår i: Victims' protection: International law, national legislations and practice. Book of abstracts. The Fifth Annual Conference of the Victimology Society of Serbia, Victimology Society of Serbia, Beograd, Serbia (20141127-20141128), Viktimološko društvo Srbije , 2014, s. 15-16Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sr]

    U ovom radu su analizirana prepričana iskustva 27 osoba koje su preživele rat u Bosni i Hercegovini. Prvi cilj studije je opisati kako akteri prezentuju socijalni fenomen „viktimizacije”, drugi cilj je analizirati diskurzivne modele koji učestvuju u produkciji pojmova „žrtva” i „zločinac”. Unutar dinamike koja konstruiše status „žrtve” i „zločinca”, uočljiva je borba za ulogu žrtve nakon završetka rata. Svi intervjuisani nastoje sebe prikazati kao žrtvu i sa time ujedno umanjiti žrtveni status ostalih kategorija. Razvoj dogaƀaja, tokom i posle rata, naveo je da se stanovništvo opisuje na temelju četiri kategorije. Prva se sastoji od onih „koji su ostali”, odnosno, ljudi koji su pre, tokom i posle rata živeli u severozapadnoj Bosni. Druga kategorija se sastoji od „izbeglica”, onih koji su proterani na prostore severozapadne Bosne, iz drugih delova Bosne i Hercegovine, kao i Hrvatske. Treća kategorija se sastoji od „povratnika”, onih koji su tokom rata proterani iz severozapadne Bosne a nakon rata se vratili. Četvrta katagorija je „dijaspora”, oni koji su proterani iz severozapadne Bosne tokom rata, a nakon rata su ostali u novim državama. Borba izmeƀu „onih koji su ostali”, „izbeglica”, „povratnika” i „dijaspore” se odvija na simboličnom nivou. Svi intervjuisani opisuju sebe kao žrtvu ali izgleda da su svi na putu da izgube taj status. Povratnici i dijaspora ga mogu izgubiti zato što su zaradili priznanje okoline i zato što uživaju u boljim ekonomskim uslovima. Oni koji su ostali mogu ga izgubiti zato što se još uvek nalaze pod senkom ratnih zločina. Izbeglice zato što se opisuju kao stranci i uklapaju u ulogu idealnih zločinaca. Ova situacija može produkovati i reprodukovati nadmetanje za dobijanje statusa žrtve, a sa time ponovo probuditi kolektivna razgraničenja koja su se tako jasno i jezivo predstvila tokom rata.

  • 87.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Reconciliation and implacability: Narratives of survivors from the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina2014Inngår i: The Balkans in the New Millennium: From Balkanization to EUtopia. Third International Conference of the Balkans Sociological Forum, Tetovo and Skopje, Macedonia, June 20-22, 2014, 2014, s. 51-51Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes retold experiences of 27 survivors from the 90’s war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. One aim of the article is analyzing markers for reconciliation and implacability, the second is describing conditions for reconciliation which are actualized in those stories. Interactive dynamics which prevailed during the war associate post-war reconciliation with the war time. These stories of reconciliation, implacability and conditions for reconciliation, are not created in relation to the war as a whole only but also in relation to one’s own and other’s personal actions during the war. These stories on reconciliation become a forum for confrontation between us and them – not least through dissociation from others war actions. In the interviewees stories implacability is predominant however reconciliation is said to be possible if certain conditions are met. These conditions are, among others, justice for war victims, that the perpetrators’ recognize their crimes and display strong emotions (for example remorse and shame).

  • 88.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Reconciliation and Implacability: Narratives of Survivors from the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina2014Inngår i: Criminal Justice and Security in Central and Eastern Europe: Understanding Professionalism, Trust, and Legitimacy. Conference Proceedings, The Tenth Biennial International Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 15-17, 2014. Editors: Gorazd Meško Aleš Bučar Ručman Bernarda Tominc Branko Ažman., 2014, s. 201-204Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on post-war society emphasized structural violence with subsequent reconciliation processes. Researchers have focused on the importance of narratives, but they have neither highlighted narratives about reconciliation nor analyzed conditions for reconciliation in post-war interviews. This article tries to fill this gap by analyzing the stories told by survivors of the Bosnian war during the 1990s. The aim of analyzing the retold experiences of 27 survivors of the 1990s war in north-western Bosnia is to evaluate markers of reconciliation and implacability, as well as those of reconciliation being actualized in the narratives. Stories on implacability, reconciliation, and conditions for reconciliation are not shaped only in relation to the war as a whole, but also in with regard to an individual‘s wartime actions and those of others. In these stories, implacability is the predominant feature, but reconciliation is said to be possible if certain conditions are met. Examples of these conditions are justice for war victims, recognition of perpetrators of crimes, and emotional commitment from the perpetrator (by showing remorse and shame, for example).

  • 89.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Reconciliation and implacability: Narratives of survivors from the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina: [ Pomirenje i nepomirivost: Priče onih koji su preživljeli rat u Bosni i Hercegovini ]2013Inngår i: Place and Perspectives of Criminal Justice, Criminology and Security Studies in Contemporary Settings, Sarajevo University, Sarajevo, Bosnien och Hercegovina (20130516), Sarajevo University , 2013, s. 8-8Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes retold experiences of 27 survivors from the 90’s war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. One aim of the article is analyzing markers for reconciliation and implacability, the second is describing conditions for reconciliation which are actualized in those stories. Interactive dynamics which prevailed during the war associate post-war reconciliation with the war time. These stories of reconciliation, implacability and conditions for reconciliation, are not created in relation to the war as a whole only but also in relation to one’s own and other’s personal actions during the war. These stories on reconciliation become a forum for confrontation between us and them – not least through dissociation from others war actions. In the interviewees stories implacability is predominant however reconciliation is said to be possible if certain conditions are met. These conditions are, among others, justice for war victims, that the perpetrators’ recognize their crimes and display strong emotions (for example remorse and shame).

  • 90.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Reconciliation Narratives of Survivors from War in Bosnia and Herzegovina2015Inngår i: Some Aspects of Community Empowerment and Resilience / [ed] Pulla, Venkat; Mamidi, Bharath Bhushan, New Delhi: Allied Publishers Group, 2015, s. 189-205Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article was to analyze the retold experiences of 27 survivors from the 1990s war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. I have examined verbal markers of reconciliation and implacability and I have analyzed described terms for reconciliation that are being actualized in the narratives. In the narratives of those interviewed, implacability is the prominent them, but the possibility of reconciliation is mentioned, if some conditions are met. These conditions are for example justice for the victims of the war, a confession from the offender and his emotional involvement (for instance showing remorse and shame). The picture that emerges from the analyzed narratives is that it is easier to forgive someone imprisoned for his atrocities.

  • 91.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Reconciliation Narratives of Survivors from War in Bosnia and Herzegovina2014Inngår i: International Conference on Community Empowerment, Coping, Resilience and Hope. Book of abstracts. Edited by: Venkat Pulla, Radha R Chada, Bharath Bhushan Mamidi, Vinita Pandey, Subhash Chandra Mamidi. Hyderabad, India, December 14-16, 2014, 2014, s. 32-32Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article was to analyze the retold experiences of 27 survivors from the 1990s war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. I have examined verbal markers of reconciliation and implacability and I have analyzed described terms for reconciliation that are being actualized in the narratives. In the narratives of those interviewed, implacability is the prominent them, but the possibility of reconciliation is mentioned, if some conditions are met. These conditions are for example justice for the victims of the war, a confession from the offender and his emotional involvement (for instance showing remorse and shame). The picture that emerges from the analyzed narratives is that it is easier to forgive someone imprisoned for his atrocities.

  • 92.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Religion, Violence and Genocide: In Narratives of Survivors from the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina2015Inngår i: Religion and Violence. Book of abstracts. International Conference, Tetova, Macedonia, October 16-18, 2015, 2015, s. 21-21Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point of this study is the war that took place in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina in the 1990s. Serbian soldiers and police targeted their use of violent force directly against the civilian populations in northwestern Bosnia. In their quest to expel Bosniacs and Croats from this area, Serbian soldiers and police used mass executions, forced flight, systematic rape, and concentration camps. The aim of this study is analyzing the narratives of survivors of the war in northwestern Bosnia. The focus lies on analyzing interviewees’ description of war-time violence and also analyzing discursive patterns that contribute in constructing the phenomenon “war violence”. Analysis shows that the interpersonal interactions that caused the violence continue even after the violent situation is over. Recollections from perpetrators and those subjected to violence of the war do not exist only as verbal constructions in Bosnia of today. Stories about violent situations live their own lives after the war and continue being important to individuals and social life. The crimes committed in northwestern Bosnia are qualified as genocide according to indictments against former Serbian leaders Radovan Karadžić and Ratko Mladić. All interviewees in this study experienced and survived the war in northwestern Bosnia. These individuals have a present, ongoing relation with these communities: Some live there permanently, and some spend their summers in northwestern Bosnia. Institutions in the administrative entity Republika Srpska (to which northwestern Bosnia now belong administratively) deny genocide, and this approach to war-time events becomes a central theme in future, post-war analysis of the phenomena “war violence”, and “reconciliation”. Therefore, it is very important to analyze the political elite’s denial of the systematic acts of violence during the war that have been conveyed by the Hague Tribunal, the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina on War Crime, and Bosnian media. The narratives in my empirical material seem to be influenced by (or coherent with) the rhetoric mediated in these fora. When informants emphasize extermination and the systematization of violence during the war, they produce and reproduce the image of a mutual struggle on a collective level. The aim of this struggle seems to be that the described acts of violence be recognized as genocide.

  • 93.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University, Sweden.
    [ Review of ] Teksta Udžbenika "Restorativna Pravda", by Azra Adžajlić-Dedović2014Inngår i: Restorativna pravda / [ed] Azra Adžajlić-Dedović, Sarajevo: Office Shop , 2014, s. 15-15Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 94.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Ritualer i koncentrationslägret: Avståndstagande, moral och anpassning i före detta lägerfångars berättelser från Bosnien2013Inngår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 115, nr 3, s. 225-243Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article portrayed experiences of former inmates that were placed in the concentration camps in the beginning of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the 1900s are being analyzed. The article is based on 13 interviews with former inmates and close relatives that currently live in Sweden, Denmark and Norway. The purpose with the article is to describe the social interaction rituals that are being retold after a stay in concentration camps and also to identify how these interactions get dramatized symbolically. In addition, the moral that emerges in the description is analyzed. All the interviewed in the study describe themselves as victims. Throughout the narratives about crimes and encroachment in the camps the interviewed individual’s take distance from the actions of the guards and the category concentration camp- placed. Retelling violations and resistance rituals show that the space for individuality in the camps were toughly limited but a resistance and status rituals together with adaptation to the living conditions in the camps seems to have generated a space for enhanced individualization. To possess somewhat control and have the opportunity to provide resistance seems to give an emotion of honor and self-esteem to the camp prisoners, not only during but also after the time of war.

  • 95.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Samverkan blir kamp: En sociologisk analys av ett projekt i ungdomsvården2012Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this dissertation a collaboration project in Swedish youth care is analysed. The aim of the project was to enhance coordination between the Social Services and the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care in order to make the efforts more efficient. The project also employed a number of coordinators. The overall purpose of this dissertation is to analyse conflicts, alliances and comparisons identifiable in interviews and observations. The analytic findings are put into an overall “collaboration context” represented by earlier research on the social phenomenon of “collaboration”. In this way the dissertation tries to contribute to a sociological understanding of a contemporary widespread phenomenon. The empirical materials of the study consist of recorded conversational interviews with 147 project participants (youngsters, parents and various professional categories) as well as observations of meetings, informal get-togethers and visits to institutions, Social Services offices, the head office of the National Board of Institutional Care and coordinators. The material was analysed using the analytic perspectives of Georg Simmel (1950/1964), Theodore Caplow (1968) and Erving Goffman (1959/2004). The analysis shows that the project manifested and led to struggles between organizations involving representatives from the Social Services, the National Board of Institutional Care and the project, as well as to several interpersonal conflicts between representatives from various categories of involved professionals, and the youngsters and their parents. The study also shows that the client, in such human service organizations, faces a significant risk of being marginalized. Professionals who appreciated the collaboration often drew their conclusions based on their interaction with other professionals, but the collaboration did not guarantee a successful treatment of the client. Conflicts concerning the roles of the coordinators and their written documents (“the agreements”) emerged and were actualized through the creation of the project. The coordinators and their “agreements” can be seen as the project’s most visible representatives and symbols, which during the project become both themes for conflict and actualize already established conflict patterns. The youngsters and their parents appreciated the projects’ coordinators who appeared as personally involved and able to make concrete changes. However, many of youngsters and their parents criticized the coordinators and even portrayed a victim identity in relation to the project. The coordinator’s relationship with the youngsters and their parents was mostly characterized by passivity. This is clearly apparent in the analysis of the administrative and/or passive coordinator. Different alliance constellations became visible in these presentations. When the coordinator roles were altered in the description, the alliance constellations change. It is a common strategy for clients in human service organizations to try to enter into alliances with professionals involved in their cases and, in so doing, try to alter the situation to their own advantage. The fact that these alliances are often sought by the client indicates, among other things, the client’s will to fight against the situation in which he/she finds him/herself. I believe that this can be seen as something productive rather than problematic.

  • 96.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Skulle jag grilla lamm med dig?: Försoning och oförsonlighet i före detta lägerfångars berättelser2007Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Is it possible for civilians, who have been targets of war action, to reconcile with their former enemies? In this study I am analyzing the stories told by former camp-prisoners who were imprisoned at the beginning of the Bosnia-Herzegovina war in the early 1990’s. These prisoners were detained in the concentration-camps of Omarska, Keraterm and Manjača. The former prisoners took refuge in the Nordic countries after the war. The aim of the study is partly to analyze traces of reconciliation and implacability, and partly to detect and describe the rituals of interaction that emerged during the war, which have been revised and reinterpreted after the war. The report is based on 13 interviews with former camp-prisoners and their close relatives who now live in Sweden, Denmark and Norway. Added to the study is a document analysis of verdicts by the Hague-tribunal and UN reports. Rather than the one-sided view of the former camp-prisoners, as traumatised, an action-oriented picture emerged. The stories of the camp-prisoners are nuanced fields where the narrator divides guilt and responsibility, reconciliation and implacability, the roles of heroes and victims. The study shows that the ethnic cleansing, in the Bosnian Northwest, caused not only series of atrocities but also dramatic changes in terms of different symbols and life-stories. The camps in the Bosnian Northwest were characterized by crimes and excesses against people. Individuality was heavily restricted by different power-rituals and abuse-processes. The interactive dynamics that evolved during the ethnic cleansing have a strong impact on the process of reconciliation after the war. The stories of reconciliation, implacability and victimization are constructed not only in relation to the war as a whole but also in relation to the narrators own actions and others personal actions during the war. It seems like the interviewees are trying to put their experiences behind them to escape being tormented by the past. The most outstanding in their stories is implacability, but forgiveness and reconciliation seem to be achievable if certain conditions are met, for example the display of shame.

  • 97.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL).
    Social pedagogical work with unaccompanied young refugees with experiences of war in institutional care in Sweden: an ethnography-inspired analysis of the narratives of young persons and institution personnel2018Inngår i: Social Sciences and Education Research Review, ISSN 2392-9863, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 6-29Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The study purpose was to analyse 1) narratives of young people who experienced a war, fled to Sweden and were cared for and placed in institutions; 2) institution personnel narratives about the day-to-day work of taking care of young people who have experienced war; and 3) interactive patterns contributing to constructing the category ‘social pedagogue’. The material was gathered through interviews with young people in care with experiences of war and with personnel who work with these young people at residential or care homes. The social pedagogic perspective in social sciences stresses including the individual in the community, which gives the individual confirmation of an identity through community participation. Successful interaction between individuals is fundamental for achieving community integration of unaccompanied children and young people in Sweden. Analysis of the study’s empirical material reveals major variations in what is expected of a social pedagogue working in institutional care in Sweden with unaccompanied young refugees who have experiences of war. A common denominator is that the mission of and context in which the social pedagogue operates appear flexible enough to enable an individual to play the role in a variety of ways. Only when the individual social pedagogue adopts an active, assertive, independent, personal and relatively strong posture will there be a chance of being important to other professional categories and for the client. In practice, therefore, only when the individual social pedagogue transcends the expectations of the conventional role will there be a chance to be appreciated by other collaborators. 

  • 98.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Stories after the Bosnian War: Competition for Victimhood2013Inngår i: Proceedings of the 1st Annual International Conference on Forensic Science & Criminalistics Research (FSCR), Singapore,  December 9-10, 2013, 2013, s. 68-77Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to analyze verbally portrayed experiences of 27 survivors of the 1990’s war in northwestern Bosnia. Focus lies on describing how the interviewees portray the social phenomenon of ”victimhood”, and to analyze discoursive patterns which contribute to constructing the cathegory ”victim”. When, after the war, different actors claim this ”victim” status it sparks a competition for victimhood. Cathegories appear and they are: ”the remainders” those who lived in northwestern Bosnia before, during and after the war; “the fugitives” those who driven into northwestern Bosnia during the war; “the returnees” those who returned after the war and “the diaspora” those who were driven out from northwestern Bosnia and remained in their new country. The competition between these cathegories seems to take place on a symbolic level. All interviewees want to portray themselves as ”ideal victims” but they are all about to loose that status. The returnees and the diaspora are losing status by receiving recognition from the surrounding community and because they have a higher economic status, the remainders are losing status since they are constantly being haunted by war events and the refugees are losing status by being presented as strangers and thus fitting the role of ideal perpetrators. It seems that by reproducing this competition for the victim role, all demarcations, which were played out so skillfully during the war, are kept alive.

  • 99.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Stories of Sexualized War Violence after the Bosnian war2015Inngår i: Femicide. Targeting of Women in Conflict. A Global Issue That Demands Action. Volume III / [ed] Andrada Filip & Michael Platzer, Vienna: The Academic Council on the United Nations System (ACUNS) , 2015, Vol. 3, s. 102-105Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to analyze verbally portrayed experiences of 27 survivors of the 1990’s war in northwestern Bosnia. The focus lies on evaluating interviewees’ description of wartime sexual violence and analyzing discursive patterns that contribute in constructing the phenomenon “sexualized war violence”. My analysis shows that the new social war order normalized the sexualized war violence in society. In many cases, these crimes are committed by neighbors and people known by the victim. After the war, all interviewees described war sexual violence as something morally reprehensible. These narratives paint a picture of the perpetrator as someone who is dangerous, evil and the absolute enemy. This enemy is a real but distant criminal who is seen as a clear threat to the existing social order from before the war.

  • 100.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL). Lund University.
    Successful Collaboration in Social Care Practice: Beneficial Success Points of Interest for the Young Person in Swedish Juvenile Care2018Inngår i: Journal of Comparative Social Work, ISSN 0809-9936, E-ISSN 0809-9936, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 56-77Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this ethnographic study is to analyse themes for ‘the successful collaborations’ that emerge from the study field notes on youth in Swedish juvenile care, and that can be interpreted as beneficial for these youth. These successful collaborations were observed, for instance, at meetings where the young persons were being discussed, and where an observer could distinguish planning for them that was carried out practically. The empirical base for this study is its total of 119 field observations/notes. The examples analysed reference a completed appointment for an eye test, a practical realization of active leisure, homework help and an internship placement that works. The coherence of three actors belonging to three different categories (coherent triads), and success points of interest that benefit the youth in the situation, create the image of a positive development for them. In this way, common identities of interplay that are useful for the young person are created and elucidated. The physical presence of the young person in these situations is an especially important theme for the ‘successful collaboration’. This study shows that trust and motivation are important aspects for a successful collaboration and inclusion of less powerful individuals and groups of individuals within a community. Young people discussed in this study receive confirmation of their identities by participating in the community, with a successful interaction between actors in juvenile care a prerequisite for successful involvement and integration.

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