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  • 51.
    Elmkvist, Magdalena
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Integration and labour market access of asylum seekers in Sweden2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 52.
    Emilsson, Olof
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Teaching a Child to Walk: perspectives on the contemporary situation in Kosovo2007Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to achieve a greater understanding of the contemporary situation in Kosovo. This understanding is to be made concrete by viewing the international community’s and the domestic actor’s view of the root causes to the contemporary situation. First, the historical background and the contemporary political-, economical- and societal situation of the province are presented. Secondly follows the International Community’s- and the domestic actors stated view that is analyzed using the theories of Political Culture, Relative Deprivation and Human Needs.

    The method that I have chosen is the qualitative together with Semi Structured Interviews that took place in Kosovo during spring 2007.

    I find in my analysis that the view of the International Community and the domestic actors differ. The international community judge the root causes to be foremost the economy, historical legacy and unresolved status and that these have an Interest need based feature. The Kosovo Albanian elite deems that the economy, dual administration, living in a post-communist society and the unresolved status are the most important root causes. The Kosovo Serbs judge them to be lack of political stability and security, and the unresolved status. These needs are Value- and Human Need based to a greater extent than the International Community’s stated ones.

    Keywords: Kosovo, International and Domestic Perspective, Relative Deprivation, Human Needs

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  • 53.
    Ewald, Jonas
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Wohlgemuth, Lennart
    School of Global Studies, Gothenburg University.
    Challenges for the Opposition and Democratisation in Tanzania: A View from the Opposition2012Ingår i: Africa Development, ISSN 0850-3907, Vol. 37, nr 2, s. 63-95Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the period after 1990, a massive return to liberalised forms of politics has taken place and has been largely centred around the dismantling of one party- regimes, the termination of a large number of military-led or dominated governments, the embrace of a multiparty political framework, the introduction of an independent media, the restoration of some basic freedoms to the people of the countries concerned and the convening of multi-party elections. This development was so widespread and overwhelming that it was seen by many observers as the beginning of Africa’s second liberation (Olukoshi 1998; Gyimah-Boadi 2004; Mkandawire 2006). Potential gains to the peoples from the liberalisation of their national political spaces were undermined since the 1980s by the conditions set by outside suppliers of necessary resources, combined with internal challenges in terms of weak institutions, civil society and media as well as lack of a tradition of multi- party democracy and general poverty. Matters appear to have been worsened by the fact that in many African countries the promise which the opposition once represented as the bearer of the hopes and aspirations of the people has substantially faded away. Several factors have contributed to weaken and, in some cases, discredit the opposition in much of Africa’s ongoing experience with multiparty politics. This is a serious development that begs for further investigation; as the development of a healthy and vigorous opposition is a major part of a democratic framework. In this study, we will see how the situation in Tanzania has evolved over the past 17 years of multi-party development; based on rather unique interviews with Professor Ibrahim Lipumba, leader of one of Tanzania’s major opposition parties.

  • 54.
    Farjam, Mike
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Mill, Wladislaw
    University Jena, Germany.
    Panganiban, Marian
    Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Germany.
    Ignorance Is Bliss, But for Whom? The Persistent Effect of Good Will on Cooperation2016Ingår i: Games, ISSN 2073-4336, E-ISSN 2073-4336, Vol. 7, nr 4, artikel-id 33Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Who benefits from the ignorance of others? We address this question from the point of view of a policy maker who can induce some ignorance into a system of agents competing for resources. Evolutionary game theory shows that when unconditional cooperators or ignorant agents compete with defectors in two-strategy settings, unconditional cooperators get exploited and are rendered extinct. In contrast, conditional cooperators, by utilizing some kind of reciprocity, are able to survive and sustain cooperation when competing with defectors. We study how cooperation thrives in a three-strategy setting where there are unconditional cooperators, conditional cooperators and defectors. By means of simulation on various kinds of graphs, we show that conditional cooperators benefit from the existence of unconditional cooperators in the majority of cases. However, in worlds that make cooperation hard to evolve, defectors benef

  • 55.
    Ferling, Robin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Yearning of Yalambojoch: A field study about rural poverty in northwestern Guatemala and the importance of local influence over development2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1996, Guatemala achieved peace after 36 years of civil war which took root in the political and social oppression of the country’s vast indigenous population. To counter the country’s widespread poverty, inequality and ongoing political and social frustrations the Guatemalan government adopted a liberal peace building agenda by ‘globalizing’ its economy and by decentralizing the political and economic process. Through this process, Guatemala has achieved a democracy which is accepted by western standards as well as the classification of a middle income country. However, the vast, and predominately rural, indigenous population has been left behind in this progress; it is estimated that 7 out 10 indigenous Guatemalans today are facing more or less severe livelihood conditions below the poverty line, why Guatemala remains one of the most unequal countries in the world. The government now hopes to overcome the shortcomings in the rural sector by stimulating local agricultural projects and ideas which are anchored in the many and various territorially strengths and challenges throughout Guatemala’s countryside; the intention is, in other words, to encourage a stronger local control over the development process.This study explores the conditions for, and the relevance of, local ownership of development in terms of livelihood improvements in Yalambojoch, one indigenous agriculture community in one of the poorest and most war torn regions in Guatemala. An abductive field work with a holistic livelihood-approach has been necessary in order to localize more or less obvious factors that are trapping the village in poverty, and to understand to what degree poverty is determined by the village’s level of autonomy, or ownership, over its development process. The results shows that the village's low livelihood level is determined by agricultural insufficiency, poor access to crucial services and political and socio economic isolation. The village's empowerment is restricted to protection of territory, which reproduces a context in which a more participant autonomy in a wider societal setting is thwarted, where external development projects are often reluctantly rejected due to local mistrust, frustration and discontentment with governmental as well as private agencies and where the livelihood situation consequently remains essentially static.

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  • 56.
    Filipsson, Svante
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Hultman, Anders
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Is smoking and clothing doing any good for Mozambique: a study of cashcrops and its effects in northern Mozambique2007Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    The question of the cultivation of cash crops in Africa south of Sahara has long been debated. We have examined the situation of cash crop cultivation for the peasant of northern Mozambique. What factors are needed for a peasant to be able to choose to cultivate cash crops and what are the effects on the peasant’s situation when cultivating cash crops? With help from James C. Scott’s theories about food security and the safety first principle see how the possibilities are for the peasant to grow cash crops.

    By using the Lewis two-sector model we have examined the possibilities for a peasant of northern Mozambique abilities to make the transition from the agricultural sector to the industrial sector. We found this model insufficient to explain the transition of labour in the Mozambican society. The model needs two additional sectors to fully explain the transition in Mozambique. These sectors, cash crop and semi-industrial, are needed because the transition is too far in terms of productivity and technology. An extensive cash crop production is therefore important for the economic development. We have also found that food security is important for the peasants in order to start growing cash crops.

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  • 57.
    Foghagen, Christer
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Höckert, Emily
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Sympoetics in the Anthropocene2018Ingår i: Knowing with nature - The future of tourism education in the Anthropocene: TEFI10 Conference 3-6 June Pyhätunturi, Finland / [ed] Outi Kugapi & Mikko Äijälä, Rovaniemi: Multidimensional Tourism Institute (MTI) , 2018, s. 10-10Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 58.
    Fransson, Helena
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Karlsson, Madeleine
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    "With the Strength of a Group": A Minor Field Study of Small-Scale Farmers’ Socio-Economic Situation in Kagera, Tanzania2010Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on a minor field study conducted in Kagera, Tanzania, during approximately two months in 2009. In the Kagera region, agriculture is seen as the main dependent factor for the small-scale farmers' livelihoods, which is an activity challenged by environmental constraints including soil degradation and deforestation. The non-governmental organisation Vi Agroforestry has been active in Kagera since 2005, focusing on the re-establishment of a healthy and sustainable environment, while simultaneously trying to reduce the levels of poverty and food insecurity through rural-based agroforestry techniques and enterprise development. Its work is implemented with a demand-driven group approach and the small-scale farmers' self-reliance as a key element.

    The purpose of the field study was to investigate the socio-economic situation for small-scale farmers in Kagera and how it possibly had changed over time as well as in what ways Vi Agroforestry so far might had affected the farmers' situation. The possible diverse development between farmers that were members in groups collaborating with the organisation and non-members was also investigated. During the field study semi-structured interviews signified the main source of information and the material gathered was analysed according to the capital assets of the pentagon of the sustainable rural livelihood framework.

    Overall, even though the small-scale farmers still seemed to face challenges in their daily lives when this study was conducted, the general impression was that their socio-economic situation had improved over time and that Vi Agroforestry had constituted a contributing engine for this development. The main contributions by the organisation in this regard seemed to have been the education and training in agriculture and agroforestry techniques, enterprise development and micro savings and loans. Due to an apparent small-scale development with a diverse focus among the farmers on improving different capitals, as well as insufficient data on how the farmers' situation was before the organisation's arrival, no prominent differences seemed evident between the farmers who were members of groups collaborating with Vi Agroforetry and non-members.

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  • 59.
    Funck, Elin K.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Det medicinska professionella fältet2019Ingår i: Ett professionellt landskap i förvandling / [ed] Thomas Brante, Kerstin Svensson & Lennart G. Svensson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, s. 271-306Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 60.
    Galvao, Gabriela
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Securitization of migration and transnationalization of migration affecting Swedish integration policy2010Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    “Unemployment is a restriction of people’s social

    networks and the feeling of participation in the society”

    -Marita Eastmond & Lisa Åkesson

    Abstract

    The main aim of this study is to discuss integration in the labour market by analyzing and discussing a governmental Proposition and a Pilot Project as well as the results of the field work herein carried out. In order to understand how integration in the labour market occurs and to provide some suggestions to improve the governmental documents, the concepts of securitization of migration and transnationalization of migration were used as analytical frameworks. The Pilot Project chosen is Pilotverksamhet med etableringssamtal och etableringsplan – Uppdaterad projektplan med mål och riktlinjer för den utvidgade försöksverksamheten based on the Proposition 2009/10:60Nyanlända invandrares arbetsmarknadsetablering – egenansvar med professionellt stöd”. The research questions are 1) which questions are left aside from the Proposition and which are possible suggestions to the questions found? 2) How are the interviewees and the Pilot Project/Proposition affected by securitization of migration and transnationalization of migration? Furthermore, suggestions to improve the proposition were discussed. Interviews with primary and secondary stakeholders were also carried out. This analysis was carried out together with the results of the field work in Kronoberg (focused on residents of Araby, Arbetsförmedlingen and Växjö Kommun) in the view of the concepts of securitization and transnational migration issues. The method of this research is qualitative with an abductive approach. The result of this study indicates a number of issues to be improved in the Proposition document before the law be promulgated by the government, as well as some issues that hinder the integration process of the primary stakeholders. Reflection for future studies concerning the influence of securitization and transnationalization phenomena, as well as suggestions to improve people’s integration processes are presented in the conclusion of this study. 

    Keywords: Arbetsförmedlingen, Araby, county, immigration, integration, international migration, municipality, Kommun, policy, Proposition, securitization, Sweden, Swedish, Växjö

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  • 61.
    Gargano, Francesco
    et al.
    University of Palermo, Italy.
    Tamburino, Lucia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för matematik (MA).
    Bagarello, Fabio
    University of Palermo, Italy ; INFN National Institute for Nuclear Physics, Italy.
    Bravo, Giangiacomo
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Large-scale effects of migration and conflict in pre-agricultural groups: Insights from a dynamic model2017Ingår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, nr 3, artikel-id e0172262Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The debate on the causes of conflict in human societies has deep roots. In particular, the extent of conflict in hunter-gatherer groups remains unclear. Some authors suggest that large-scale violence only arose with the spreading of agriculture and the building of complex societies. To shed light on this issue, we developed a model based on operatorial techniques simulating population-resource dynamics within a two-dimensional lattice, with humans and natural resources interacting in each cell of the lattice. The model outcomes under different conditions were compared with recently available demographic data for prehistoric South America. Only under conditions that include migration among cells and conflict was the model able to consistently reproduce the empirical data at a continental scale. We argue that the interplay between resource competition, migration, and conflict drove the population dynamics of South America after the colonization phase and before the introduction of agriculture. The relation between population and resources indeed emerged as a key factor leading to migration and conflict once the carrying capacity of the environment has been reached.

  • 62.
    Gellrich, Arne L
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Peace Plus the Shooting?: A Critical Evaluation of SDP Practices and Tenability2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The study discusses the phenomenon of Sport for Development and Peace, in short SDP, which in recent years and with active support from the United Nations has been constantly gaining importance. Focusing on football, as the most popular sport, the thesis asks the question whether the generally positive view on both sports and the effects of sport participation on behaviour and the psycho-social development of youths is indeed a realistic assessment and if, in consequence, the game of football is accordingly applicable to projects in a peace-building context.

    To answer that question, the thesis first gives an overview over existing views and agendas concerning SDP projects among the international community, NGO’s, the private sector and academia. Then, two case studies of projects in Israel and the Balkans are presented, followed by a review of academic findings on the overall impact of sports. In an analytical part, the findings on the views on SDP, the case studies and the research considering sport in general are brought together.

    As a main result, the study manages to answer the research question, reaching the conclusion that the ramifications of sport are indeed much more ambivalent than generally suggested, and that the assessment of NGO’s, MNC’s and the UN alike would need to be adjusted accordingly. The UN recommendation to further sports in a peace-building context is not supported, however the human right to access to sport is recognised and the proliferation of sports in this context encouraged. It is however pointed out that such programmes are not automatically conductive towards the aims of peace and development work, but should rather be closely watched and well planned and implemented to avoid negative effects. Furthermore, SDP projects should be more thoroughly connected to other civil society initiatives. Both recommendations are so far not followed by the initiatives selected for the case studies.

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  • 63.
    Gunnarsson, Caroline
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Writing the Small Narratives of Child Soldiers: A Field Study From Northern Uganda2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
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  • 64.
    Gunnarsson, Ingemar
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV). Linnaeus University Centre for Concurrences in Colonial and Postcolonial Stuides.
    Biografin som historisk genre och metod2015Ingår i: Livsberättelser, kultur & hälsa / [ed] Motzi Eklöf, Margareta Petersson, Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2015, 1, s. 75-79Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 65.
    Gupta, Bharat
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    HOW TO IMPROVE NONCONFORMITY ROUTINES2006Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    This report is all about quality improvement work with focusing on nonconformities routines. The purpose is to improve the process of nonconformity routines and to identify the most important issues and causes behind nonconformity routines in order to have good quality of the products and satisfied customer to achieve continuous improvement. This project is conducted at a case study at the case company GMV Sweden AB producing lifts and their components. The problem in the case company is how the case company is handling nonconformity routines which consist currently of two streams one for problems in production which leads to internal nonconformities and another is handling customer complaints. The author visits the case company to collect essential information for this work and performs face-to-face user interviews, Q&A via email. The knowledge gained on different quality tools in author's education on Terotechnology department forms the basis of this research. The author plans to solve the problem by analyzing, mapping the existing processes and using different quality tools. The author analysis is based on theoretical and empirical facts, also different quality tools like process mapping, cause effect diagram, flowchart has been used to identify the problem and relevant suggestions have been proposed to improve their current situation. In the results and conclusions the author has explain the various improvement techniques and suggestions to handle internal nonconformities and customer complaints. The author believes by implementing the suggested improved model company can address their quality issues, which will improve the productivity to a greater extent and enable them to achieve their goal of continuous improvement.

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  • 66.
    Gustafsson, Aurora
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Första plats, andra plats, tredje världen.: En postkolonial studie om hur begreppet tredje världen gestaltas i svenska medier.2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the essay is to investigate how the term ’Third world’ is constructed in media. With this I intend to make a historical survey of the conception. With the help of Swedish newspapers and their description of the concept, I am going to answer the following questions: How is the concept ‘Third world’ constructed in script, in a historical context and in modern time? Is there a tendency of racism in the term?

    The method I used was discourse analysis. To get further answer to my questions I used postcolonialism as a theoretical starting-point, whitch brings forth the effects and after-effects colonialism has on the identity and culture of the colonialised. The concept ‘Third World’ has gone from signifying a composition of countries that wanted to prove they stood neutral in the ‘Cold war’, to, during the latest centuries, consist of a very large group of people that are believed not to be able to take care of themselves an thereby needs to be brought up by the Western world. In order to this, social hierarchies are established along with hidden conditions of power, whitch you only can start breaking down by showing that they do exist.

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  • 67.
    Gärdenfors, Peter
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden;Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
    Högberg, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV). University of Johannesburg, South Africa;Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study,South Africa.
    The Archaeology of Teaching and the Evolution of Homo docens2017Ingår i: Current Anthropology, ISSN 0011-3204, E-ISSN 1537-5382, Vol. 58, nr 2, s. 188-201Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching is present in all human societies, while within other species it is very limited. Something happened during the evolution of Homo sapiens that also made us Homo docens—the teaching animal. Based on discussions of animal and hominin learning, we analyze the evolution of intentional teaching by a series of levels that require increasing capacities of mind reading and communication on the part of the teacher and the learner. The levels of teaching are (1) intentional evaluative feedback, (2) drawing attention, (3) demonstrating, (4) communicating concepts, and (5) explaining relations between concepts. We suggest that level after level has been added during the evolution of teaching. We demonstrate how different technologies depend on increasing sophistication in the levels of cognition and communication required for teaching them. As regards the archaeological evidence for the different levels, we argue that stable transmission of the Oldowan technology requires at least teaching by demonstration and that learning the late Acheulean hand-axe technology requires at least communicating concepts. We conclude that H. docens preceded H. sapiens.

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  • 68.
    Göranson, Louise
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Institutionen för kommunikation och design.
    En undersökning åt IKEA om ungdomars syn på inredning och design2009Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose is to improve IKEA´s understanding of how their target group of 12 to 18 years old boys and girls thinks when they visit the showrooms in the department stores. What make them enter the showrooms? Is it the colours, the furniture or the whole concept? How are they inspired to furnish their own room? Do they get ideas from the showrooms or are they looking for a specific furniture? These types of questions have increased young people´s interest for design and decoration over the last decade. It transpires with help from an article written by Vittorio Girotto and Michel Gonzalez how children are influenced in an early age by their own temperament and their natural surroundings. Children reasons and acts according to what they believe adults would have done in a similar situation.The methods that have been used during this project are interviews, surveys, observations, hypothetical persona, persona and ABL (IKEA´s own method). ABL in English stands for “Activity”, “Need” and “Solution”. With help from these methods and articles shows that it is the parents who have the greatest influence on children and youths how they choose to furnish and decorate their room. In the result of this report it is shown what youths think of the existing showrooms and even suggestions how the target group could interact with the showrooms. Suggestion for a “Theme” have been created with help from persona models, observations and interviews based on the target groups own answers. Here you can read what youths think of the existing showrooms, what is missing and what can be improved.

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  • 69.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Western Norway Res Inst, Sogndal, Norway.
    National emissions from tourism: An overlooked policy challenge?2013Ingår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 59, s. 433-442Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism has been recognized as a significant greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions sector on a global scale. Yet, only few studies assess tourism's share in national emissions. This paper compares and analyses existing inventories of national emissions from tourism. Studies are difficult to compare, because they use different system boundaries and allocation principles, omitting or including lifecycle emissions and GHG other than CO2. By outlining and analysing these differences, the paper estimates the contribution made by tourism to national emissions, and its greenhouse gas intensity in comparison to other economic sectors. Results indicate that while emissions from tourism are significant in all countries studied, they may, in some countries, exceed 'official' emissions as calculated on the basis of guidelines for national emission inventories under the Kyoto Protocol. This is a result of the fact that bunker fuels are not considered in national GHG inventories, leading to underestimates of the energy- and GHG intensity of tourism economies. While further growth in tourism emissions can be expected in all countries studied, energy-related vulnerabilities are already considerable in many of these. Climate policy for tourism, on the other hand, is largely non-existent, calling for immediate action to consider this sector in national legislation. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 70.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Lund University.
    Urban transport justice2016Ingår i: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 54, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many cities in the world seek to establish more sustainable urban transport systems with a view to reduce accidents, congestion, air and noise pollution, and to improve social interactions, liveability and amenity values. Against this background, this paper frames urban transportation as an issue of justice: contemporary transport systems are characterized by injustice, as they tend to favour and prioritize motorized transport, accepting that considerable environmental and social burdens are put on more sustainable forms of transportation, other traffic participants and society as a whole. To conceptualize 'urban transport justice', the paper discusses three dimensions where injustices are apparent: Exposure to traffic risks and pollutants; distribution of space; and valuation of transport time. It is argued that public and political recognition of urban transport injustices provides significant argument for changes in urban planning, transport infrastructure development and traffic management. © 2016 Elsevier B.V..

  • 71.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för ekonomi och design, Ekonomihögskolan, ELNU.
    Freytag, T
    Die Globalisierung des Tourismus in Europa aus der Perspektive des Klimawandels2012Ingår i: Geographische Rundschau, ISSN 0016-7460, Vol. 64, nr 3, s. 36-42Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 72.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Research Centre for Sustainable Tourism, Western Norway Research Institute, Sogndal, Norway.
    Hall, C. M
    Ekström, F
    Brudvik Engeset, A
    Aall, C
    Transition management: a tool for implementing sustainable tourism scenarios?2012Ingår i: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 20, nr 6, s. 899-916Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is academic, political and industry consensus that tourism should achieve greater sustainability, a process requiring stakeholder involvement on various levels. It is less clear how significant actor numbers can be mobilized to pro-actively work towards sustainability goals, achieving significant systemic change. This paper explores the transition management literature to provide a theoretical framework for stakeholder involvement and policy implementation processes in sustainable tourism. A selection of sustainable tourism initiatives by global tourism and transport organizations are reviewed and discussed with regard to the mechanisms and approaches used to involve stakeholders, and their success or otherwise in achieving change. This is compared to the results of a national tourism sustainability initiative by the Norwegian government initiated in 2010. The initiative brought together 62 leading stakeholders from all tourism interests, except airlines, for a series of six intensive discussion and goal setting sessions. Evaluation shows that stakeholder awareness and knowledge appear to have improved substantially, and potential government policy initiatives legitimized – though few tangible results can yet be seen. Overall results suggest that transition management provides a valuable theoretical framework to understand change processes, while the dialetics of stakeholder involvement and policy implementation are an essential precondition for successful governance.

  • 73.
    Haapala Brundin, Daniel
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    UNGA MÄN OCH DEMOKRATI: En fallstudie på en högstadieskola av teorin om unga män som demokratisk destabiliseringsfaktor2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This case-study examines the correlation between young men and democratic instability in group discussions with two analyzing methods in one. One part of the method used is deliberative democracy which aims to explain how democracy works within the frames of discussion in ordinary citizens groups. In this study the citizens is upper level secondary school students. The other part of the method used is the theory pulled by many scholars lately, the demographic impact on democracy. With these two combined in one this study compare the theory of young men as more active in political violence and as a destabilising factor of democracy on country-level with the results of the study in deliberative democracy in small group discussions. The findings of this study shows, amongst other results, that even in small group discussions young men have an negative impact on democracy.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    UMoD
  • 74.
    Hafström, Emil
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    The Long-Distance Relationship : The Issue of Family Separation and Its Effects on Somali Integration in Sweden2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Statistics regarding Somalis’ integration in Sweden, indicates that this group have a hard time to become integrated, currently being characterized by high levels of unemployment, low levels of education and as being residentially segregated. Today, many Somalis reside in Sweden separated from their family. This due to the contemporary asylum framework, which does not recognize Somali identification documents as valid evidence for proving ones identity, when applying for asylum based on family ties. The decision from the Swedish Board of Migration, and its rejection of Somali identification documents as evidence for proving ones identity, can arguably be seen to illuminate the fact that Somalia is not seen as a legitimate nation-state. This view can therefore have effects on the concerned Somalis sense of national identity and citizenship.

        This study investigates what consequences these two factors, stemming from the contemporary asylum framework, have on the affected Somalis ability and willingness to integrate, and if it can be seen as resulting in a state of anomie among the concerned group.   

        This has been done by interviewing Somalis that have been subject to the contemporary asylum framework and the outcome of family separation. The findings from these interviews have then been analyzed in relation to a conceptual framework and theoretical figure, which illustrates an interrelation between the concepts of citizenship, identity and integration, furthering integration in terms of a symmetric relationship between the three concepts, while possibly resulting in a state of anomie, in case of an asymmetric relationship between the three concepts.

        The findings from this study indicate that the contemporary asylum frameworks denial of Somali identification documents can not be seen to have affected their sense of national identity and citizenship substantially. However, the issue of family separation can be seen to hamper the ability to integrate among affected Somalis, and can instead be seen to result in a sense of exclusion and un-representation among them, creating a state of anomie among this group.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    The Long-Distance Relationship : The Issue of Family Separation and Its Effects on Somali Integration in Sweden
  • 75.
    Haftor, Darek
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Post-modernity and Systems Science: An Evaluation of J-L Le Moigne's Contribution to the Management of the Present Civilisation1997Ingår i: Systemic Practice and Action Research, ISSN 1094-429X, E-ISSN 1573-9295, Vol. 10, nr 24, s. 395-408Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this text, a French school of systems thought is evaluated with reference to its contribution to postmodernity. The main conclusion is that this system provides some pertinent contribution but that there are also some domains where it does not provide much help. Both these domains are identified and discussed. The text starts with a discussion of the postmodern challenge. This is followed by a presentation and critical evaluation of the theory under consideration. The latter gives rise to the Discussion and Conclusion.

  • 76.
    Hagberg, Elin
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Erfarna oskulder och arbetande hemmafruar: en studie kring kvinnor i moderniseringsprocesser2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a theoretical study of changing relations between men and women in the context of modernisation. Ideas derived from a general theoretical discussion will be illustrated by examples from countries that are going through societal changes affecting the lives of men and women; Uganda, Morocco and Mexico. Focus will be on connections between changes in the public sphere and interpersonal relations in the private sphere. One part examines certain effects of women’s increased participation in politics and in the workforce, concluding that these changes may cause conflicts with traditional values and consequently tensions in inter-gender relations. The following part examines sexuality and respectability in relation to societal changes where people’s material conditions change and attitudes are affected by information flows from other countries. The examples in this part illustrate how young people, especially women, feel trapped between the demands from their new reality and traditional norms about how to behave. I then go on to discuss power structures that affect women’s possibilities to live the lives they want and also how it may affect their values and interests. The concept of empowerment will be discussed as well as the indicators used to measure women’s empowerment. In this section I will also briefly explain development projects directed towards women and how they sometimes fail to capture all dimensions necessary.

    The conclusions are that the definition of modernisation that I had when I started this work is not sufficient to understand the processes that people go through. It is important to understand that changes in people’s material conditions, their economic environment etc. are not always caused by, or even followed by, changes in attitudes, values and interpersonal relations. When societal changes do not come from within the society they will cause conflicts between norms that shape peoples perceptions and the demands from their new material environment. Another conclusion is that in measuring women’s empowerment we need to look at other factors besides economic and political participation, such as women’s status in the family and their control over their own bodies.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 77.
    Haglund Morrissey, Anne
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap. Statsvetenskap.
    Interregional Development Cooperation: A Focus on the EU and Latin America2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the end of the Cold War, regional cooperation and strengthened interregional relations have become a key foreign policy objective on the European Union’s (EU) foreign policy agenda and a preferential platform in its general development policy. When it comes to Latin America, despite being the leading donor of development aid to the region, Latin America has always taken a rather marginal position in the EU’s interregional development cooperation. Yet, the interregional development cooperation that currently exists between the two regions is of a rather complex nature since Latin American states do not represent one single regional organisation. Instead, the EU’s interregional cooperation takes place at both regional and sub-regional levels, and besides channelling development assistance to those two levels, EU financial aid is also distributed bilaterally to individual states of the region. The study at hand aims at exploring the nature of EU interregional development cooperation with Latin America by looking at its constituent levels. Is there a regional dimension in the EU’s development assistance to Latin American states and can the Union’s support for regional cooperation be considered a significant thread in its development activities in Latin America? Among the three levels involved in EU-Latin America development cooperation – the bilateral, sub-regional and regional one – is any of them more dominant than the others?

  • 78.
    Haglund Morrissey, Anne
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    The European Union and Humanitarian Assistance: Definition, International Context and Developments2001Ingår i: Europe, Diplomacy and Development: New Issues in EU Relations with Developing Countries, Palgrave, Basingstoke , 2001, s. 292-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 79.
    Haglund Morrissey, Anne
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    The European Union and Latin America: Bi-Regional Development Cooperation2005Ingår i: Work shop at the United Nations University/Centre for Comparative Regional Integration (UNU/CRIS): Bruges, Mars 2005., 2005Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 80.
    Haglund Morrissey, Anne
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    The Nature of Interregional Development Cooperation in Latin America2010Ingår i: The European Union and the Global South / [ed] Söderbaum & Stalgren, Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2010Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 81. Halimeh, Nihal
    et al.
    Avery, Helen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Halimeh, Mahmoud
    Crafting futures in a Lebanese refugee camp: the Burj el Barajneh Souk2018Ingår i: Proceedings of Relating Systems Thinking and Design (RSD6) 2017 Symposium: Book of Abstracts / [ed] Birger Sevaldson, 2018, s. 104-105Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea behind this project began through an ethnographic study of the Bourj el Barajneh Palestinian Camp’s population. Through the research and the understanding of the camp on all levels the project aims to use architectural methods to address the political and social relationships within the enclosed city and its surrounding neighbourhoods.

    The sustainable and ephemeral Souk will empower an existing network of talent and craftsmanship; creating a metaphorical bridge that both connects and brings together segregated divisions on the political, social and urban level. The camp will be rejuvenated from within, as the Souk will assist in elevating the current population.

    This project begins on a micro scale by working with what is already present and building upon it, creating a sustainable living structure. An architectural configuration will regenerate what is stagnant and fixed, strengthen the existing craftsmen, and improve on the new ephemeral and temporary formation.

    The chosen space for the project within the camp is an already living and breathing organism. It is a social space, a market place and an area where the craftsmen have settled. After developing a master plan through different architectural strategies; concealing, constructing, regenerating and extending methods, this particular area stood out, as it’s already a platform with social, educational and industrial integrated programmes.

    The current Souk will be renovated into a space that connects to the present research circles in Lebanon for creative design projects, this will mobilize and utilize the camp’s local talent while developing and expanding on the current knowledge and concepts needed to support a sustainable economy. As the Souk moves into the macro scale of the project it will tie into business support projects; which include shared distribution services, shared administration platforms for cooperatives with micro-banking and micro-insurance programmes.

  • 82.
    Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland.
    Gössling, StefanLinnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Lund University, Sweden ; Western Norway Research Institute, Norway.Scott, DanielUniversity of Waterloo, Canada.
    The Routledge Handbook of Tourism and Sustainability2015Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability remains one of the major issues in tourism today. Concerns over climate and environmental change, the fallout from the global economic and financial crisis, and the seeming failure to meeting UN Millennium development goals have only reinforced the need for more sustainable approaches to tourism, however they be defined. Given the centrality of sustainability in tourism curricula, policies, research and practice it is therefore appropriate to prepare a state of the art handbook on the relationship between tourism and sustainability.

    This timely Handbook of Tourism and Sustainability is developed from specifically commissioned original contributions from recognised authors in the field, providing a systematic guide to the current state of knowledge on this area. It is interdisciplinary in coverage and international in scope through its authorship and content. The volume commences with an assessment of tourism’s global environmental, e.g. climate, emissions, energy use, biodiversity, water use, land use, and socio-economic effects, e.g. economic impacts, employment and livelihoods, culture. This then provides the context for sections outlining the main theoretical frameworks and constructs that inform tourism and sustainability, management tools and approaches, and the approaches used in different tourism and travel industry sectors. The book concludes by examining emerging and future concerns in tourism and sustainability such as peak-oil, post-carbon tourism, green economy and transition tourism.

    This is essential reading for students, researches and academics interested in the possibilities of sustainable forms of tourism and tourism’s contribution to sustainable development. Its assessment of tourism’s global impact along with its overviews of sectoral and management approaches will provide a benchmark by which the sustainability of tourism will be measured for years to come.

  • 83. Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Scott, Daniel
    Gössling, Stefan
    Lunds universitet.
    The Primacy of Climate Change for Sustainable International Tourism2013Ingår i: Sustainable Development, ISSN 0968-0802, E-ISSN 1099-1719, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 112-121Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 84.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    El Sousi, Somaya
    Tunedal, Jenny
    Writing during war: Keynote2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 85.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Henderson, Melissa
    The Speech: Poetik för akademiker2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 86.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Lundberg, Anna
    To be or not to be in sync: On intersections between artistic research and post disciplinary feminist research2015Ingår i: Konstuniversitet – politisk dröm eller utvidgad framtid för konsten? / Art university – political dream or broadened future for art?, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Feminist research is a field emerging from overlaps and contingencies in relation to traditional disciplinary academic structures. Hence, given this position, feminist research has produced what we want to call post disciplinary academic knowledge. Herein lies one of the strengths and major academic contributions of feminist research.

    Crucial to this post disciplinary knowledge production is not only a critical scrutiny of power hierarchies, but also a critical stance towards the power hierarchies (re)produced by scholarly norms and values, which has an impact on how academic knowledge is produced and perceived. Perhaps equally important is the influence of artistic and aesthetic productions and expressions on feminist research.

    The presentation will start out giving an account for a range of historical examples where artistic explorative work has played a distinct role on the feminist academic field. Then we will summarize and reflect upon our own experiences of and ideas about the intersections between artistic research and the research field of arts and humanities from a feminist perspective.

  • 87.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Tunedal, Jenny
    El Sousi, Somaya
    Translating 51 days2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the summer of 2014 poets Somaya El-Sousi, Hanna Hallgren and Jenny Tunedal were working together in a translation workshop via skype that had been ongoing for more than a year. When war broke out in Gaza, where El-Sousi lives and works, this translation workshop transformed into a daily conversation on war, despair, food, rooms, objects, women, children, mothers, intimacy, fear, news, weather and writing.

    The differences and distances always present in translation work became enhanced and acute, as did a sense of closeness. The circumstances of war cut into our work and somehow into the everyday quotidian life of Sweden; as a shock, as a difference, as an acute experience of a lack of experience. The computer screen became, in El-Sousis words: “a blue window of hope”; the hope of continuing, linearity, future.

    Continuity is complicated for anyone living in Gaza. Life is a secluded incarceration not only in space but maybe even more so in time. Future as well as political and personal history are constantly being cut off from and / or conditioned by a claustrophobic present. The disaster that war is adds enormous pressure and fear to this present, to the extend were chronological time seems almost entirely dissolved.

    We would like to examine this sense of time and how it conditions the work of female writers in Gaza. We have gathered literary texts by women living in Gaza that were written during the 51 days of war and aim to perform a reading of how the temporality of war becomes readable, and possibly shareable, in these texts; as structure, as experience, as knowledge, as the unanswerable question: ”How long is that night, how hard is that darkness?” (from Somaya El-Sousis “It does not end”, written in late July 2014)

    Our work and our friendship takes place on skype. During the conference we would like to use skype and together, yet apart, perform a poetic conversation piece on the temporality of war, of literature, of translation and of friendship.

  • 88.
    Hansson, Emma
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Across the Borders: A Study of Counter-Trafficking Work in Lao PDR2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of state borders becoming more porous the flows of people crossing them in search for opportunities have increased. This trend is evident in Greater Mekong Sub region where the economic boom of Thailand attracts thousands of migrant workers every year from neighboring countries making Thai industries dependent on the cheap labor. Alongside these developments, human trafficking, the slave trade of our time, has emerged as an increasing challenge.

    In Lao PDR the historic ties to Thailand make for a long history of cross-border relations and flows. With the relative economic differences, labor migration to the richer neighbor is becoming an accepted way of improving family conditions. However, the risks involved, exploitation and trafficking, are not widely known in the communities.

    Counter-trafficking work in Lao PDR has been evolving over the passed 10 years. This study has, through an ethnographic approach to organizational work combined with reflections and observations, tried to create a picture of the counter-trafficking work on the ground. Using semi-structured interviews projects, aims and assumptions could be derived and three main problems identified: Trafficking is hard to separate from labor migration, thus making it hard to effectively target; there is a dissonance between perceived and actual inter-sector communication, and; the trafficking sector is isolated from other sectors as dialogue across sector borders appear to be nonexistent. Reasons given for these discords mainly came down to dependency on donors and a need to meet their requirements. Essentially it seems that organizations working with this open-border phenomenon are rigidly closed to each other.

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    Across the borders
  • 89.
    Hansson, Emma
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Made in Israel?: A Study of the Implementation of EU Trade Agreements and International Law2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The borders of Israel have been discussed ever since the state’s creation in 1948 and the controversy surrounding the Israeli military presence in Palestine contributes to the uncertainty. There are 450,000 Jews living as settlers in the West Bank, occupied Palestinian territory, despite the international prohibition of demographical changes to land under siege. Measures to keep both settlers and Israel proper safe have had a devastating impact on the Palestinian economy, the most recent example is the building of the Wall of Separation which restricts the movement of thousands of people.

    The purpose of this study is to examine how international laws and its implementation in general and the EU trade agreements with Israel and Palestine respectively in particular affect the Palestinian economy. It is an inductive study which, with the help of a case study, places the Israel-Palestine conflict in a larger context of international interdependency.

    The material concludes that political, short-term decisions are sometimes prioritized before humanitarian law and the principle of sovereignty is valued higher than the Universal Human Rights. Decisions taken by the EU affects the everyday life of Palestinian farmers however, the effects of the trade agreement from 1997 are difficult to determine. It is the combination of unpredicted events, a disregard of international law and controversial Israeli policies that has lead to a crash of the Palestinian economy.

  • 90.
    Hansson, Karolin
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Plattform Göteborg: En utvärdering av ett integrationsprojekt i Göteborg2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    In 2005 the Swedish government introduced a law of amnesty for refugees in the country which made the Minister of Integration invite a number of national organizations to discuss this law. After that, seven organizations in Gothenburg also felt that something should be done and they started talking about a cooperation to improve the situation for newly arrived people to Gothenburg. They formed a project, “Plattform Göteborg”, which in this paper will be evaluated according to a manual from Sida. The project consists of seven organizations which have their separate activities formed by them to improve the integration. They do things such as teach Swedish, offer a place for counseling, teach sports to young people and have different activities for children. I will here present these activities, how the organizations planned this, whether these plans is in accordance with what really happened and evaluate the results. To do this I have preformed interviews with the people involved. I have then examined and evaluated the project according to five different criteria; effectiveness, impact, relevance, sustainability and efficiency. From this I have concluded that the idea of a cooperation between organizations is good and necessary a better cooperation with the municipality is needed to make it work better. The project also needs to be structured in a better way and more well-planned, and here the organizations could help each other better. It is also necessary to take effects in to consideration in a better way than done up until now, to see what they want to get out from the project and also think to examine more after which effects that have come from this.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 91.
    Hansson, Magdalena
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för pedagogik, psykologi och idrottsvetenskap, PPI.
    Active or passive pain coping strategies among participants before hip school2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To assess the use of active and passive pain coping strategies in persons with hip disability before participating in hip school and analyse differences between and correlations with gender and other different background factors and further to analyse the test-retest reliability of the Swedish version of Pain Coping Inventory (PCI-S). Methods. A descriptive cross sectional study among 52 persons (41 women, 11 men, mean age 63±8.6) was conducted. The PCI-S was filled in together with a background form and Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS).   10 persons also filled on PCI-Stwice a week apart to test the reliability. Results. The participants showed big variety in use of pain coping strategies, slightly more active than passive strategies , with women using significant more active pain coping strategies compared to men (p=0.003). The most common used strategies were distraction (active) and resting (passive). The PCI-S showed good test-retest reliability (ICC 0.95 for active strategies in total and 0.88 for passive). Conclusion. Pain coping strategies vary a lot with no strategy in general used very often. PCI-S can be a reliable instrument for assessing pain coping strategies in order to learn more about how patients cope with pain.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Active or passive pain coping strategies among participants before hip school
  • 92.
    Hedin, Rebecka
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Kebreyal, Karla
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Psykiskt välbefinnande och graden av stress: En kvantitativ studie om studenters psykiska välbefinnande i relation till stress på Linneuniversitetet2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 93.
    Helgesson, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    "Society Treats You According to What You Are": A Qualitative Study of Consumption Patterns Emphasising Conspicuous Consumption, Entebbe, Uganda2010Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis stands result of a research conducted in Entebbe Uganda, during approximately five weeks in the autumn of 2009. The aim was to understand the reasoning behind decisions taken concerning the use of economic means, after covering the consumption of necessities. The options set were either to increase the level of conspicuous consumption or enhance the level of investments or consumption of necessities. The point of departure and ontological approach is taken from a household member i.e. individual level.

    The analytical framework applied elaborating the empirical material collected was Bourdieu’s conceptualisation of habitus. Enhancing the understanding of habitus concepts e.g. needs, methods introduced by Lull was utilised. The primary data consisted of assembled interviews and direct observations. The secondary data consists of qualitative literature.  

    The results display an individual vision of vertical or transversal social movement. Identified incentives were inter alia peer pressure and competition. Conspicuous consumption is viewed as a process decreasing the distance from an individual social movement i.e. changes habitus. Methods realising a status increase of social position and status, is of symbolic items possessed through conspicuous consumption in combination with social capital, economic capital and level of knowledge. 

     

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 94.
    Hemström, Kerstin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Gustavsson, Leif
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Contractor Perceptions of Very Energy Efficient New Multi-Story Residential Buildings2014Ingår i: World Sustainable Building 2014 Barcelona Conference: Sustainable Buildings: Results ; Are We Moving as Quickly as We Should? It's Up to Us!, GBCe , 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To facilitate design of policies and strategies which aim to promote a sustainable development of the built environment, a deeper understanding of factors influencing the decisions taken in construction projects is needed. This study investigates Swedish contractors’ perceptions of the new-build of very energy efficiency multi-storey residential buildings (e.g. passive houses). The results of interviews with twenty selected contracts managers disclose several perceived disadvantages and risks associated with such buildings which influence the interest to invest in high energy efficiency. These include several cost and market-related issues as well as issues relating to the performance of the buildings. Without market intervention it seems unlikely that very energy efficient multi-storey residential buildings will diffuse to any substantial degree within the Swedish construction industry.

  • 95.
    Hemström, Kerstin
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK. Mittuniversitetet.
    Gustavsson, Leif
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK. Mittuniversitetet.
    Perceptions and willingness of Swedish architects towards use of wood frames in multi-storey buildings2010Ingår i: Forests for the future: Sustaining society and the environment / [ed] Parrotta, John A and Carr, Mary A., 2010Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 96.
    Hemström, Kerstin
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK. Mittuniversitetet.
    Gustavsson, Leif
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK. Mittuniversitetet.
    Perceptions and willingness of Swedish private forest owners towards increasing forest productivity2010Ingår i: Forests for the future: Sustaining society and the environment / [ed] Parrotta, John A. and Carr, Mary A., 2010Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 97.
    Hemström, Kerstin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för bygg- och energiteknik (BE).
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för bygg- och energiteknik (BE).
    Gustavsson, Leif
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för bygg- och energiteknik (BE).
    Public perceptions and acceptance of intensive forestry in Sweden2014Ingår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 43, nr 2, s. 196-206Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of intensive forestry on part of the forested area in Sweden increases the production of forest biomass and enables an increased use of such biomass to mitigate climate change. However, with increasing conflicting interests in forests and forestry, the success of such a strategy depends on the public acceptance. In this paper, the results of a mail survey show that although a majority of the general public in Sweden supports measures to increase forest growth, they oppose the use of intensive forestry practices such as the cultivation of exotic tree species, clones, and forest fertilization. The acceptance of such practices is mainly influenced by the perceptions of their environmental consequences. Public acceptance was highest for forest fertilization, whereas clone cultivation was the least accepted practice.

  • 98.
    Hemström, Kerstin
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för bygg- och energiteknik (BE).
    Gustavsson, Leif
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för bygg- och energiteknik (BE).
    Swedish private forest owners’ perceptions and intentions with respect to adopting exotic tree species2013Ingår i: European Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 1612-4669, E-ISSN 1612-4677, Vol. 132, nr 3, s. 433-444Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish forest growth can be increased through intensive forestry practices, enabling an increased use of forest biomass for climate-change mitigation. However, the diffusion of such practices depends on the forest owners’ adoption of them. We study Swedish private forest owners’ perceptions and intentions with respect to increasing forest growth by adopting exotic tree species. The results of a mail-in questionnaire survey show that although a majority of forest owners desire increasing forest growth, most owners have only a basic understanding of exotic tree species and a smaller proportion is interested in adopting them. The intention to adopt exotics seems to depend on the perceived performance of the species with respect to the economic aspects of forest management rather than on environmental or recreational concerns. Whereas a knowledge gap among the private forest owners regarding how to increase forest growth is implied, forest owners with higher self-rated knowledge of forestry and exotics have stronger intentions to adopt such species.

  • 99.
    High, Christopher
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Buckler, Alison
    Open University, UK.
    Teachers work: The tacit pedagogy of expert teachers in rural Malawi2017Ingår i: Presented at EADI-NORDIC 2017, 2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The status of school teachers in much ofrural Sub-Saharan Africa has a dual nature across many different countries. At the local level they are influential social actors, respectable people who are expected to provide a positive role model to their pupils and the wider local community. Within the national civil service, they are not often treated as very important - sometimes paid intermittently and frequently problematised as lacking in the capacit to deliver ambitious education-led national development strategies.

    In this paper we report on the results of a pilot study in rural Malawi, which sort to investigate the tacit knowledge and pedagogical skills of primary school teachers using participatory visual methods. Around a three week participatory video exercise with teachers from two schools, a combination of participatory action research, participant-observation, semi-structured and photo-elcited interviews and group reflection was analysed to understand how different data-gathering and analytical techniques could combine to surface and valorise the teachers' knowledge.

    Rather than a lack of skills and capacity, the data instead showed the range of skills and personal characteristics involved in the teachers' practice. Cognitive mapping on a subset of the data showed that the concept of active learning operationalised independently at two schools was (i) consisten, (ii) informed sophisticated practice, and (iii) was richer than that embedded in much external expert knowledge about teaching

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  • 100.
    High, Christopher
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Buckler, Alison
    Open university, UK.
    When the best action happens behind the camera: Using participatory video to understand the implicit theories-in-practice of primary teachers in Malawi.2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper covers the use of participatory video in a methodological pilot which took as its subject the experience of primary teachers in two schools in rural Malawi. School teachers in much of Sub-Saharan Africa have a dichotomous status. At the local level they are often respectable people who are expected to provide a positive role model to their pupils and the wider local community. Within national civil service hierarchies, they are often frequently problematized as lacking in the capacity to deliver on ambitious education-led national development strategies. This tension presents interesting ethical and methodological challenges in surfacing and valorising their role as experts in a way that speaks to people from outside of their local communities.The project used PV to appreciate the implicit theories-in-practice of teachers; exploring the different kinds of data and analytical options that the PV process can generate to understand local practices and understandings. This included elements of participatory action research, participant-observation, semi-structured and photo-elicited interviews, and group reflection. The data provided different opportunities to experience and evidence the teachers’ roles as capable experts. For example, the cross-talk behind the camera was notably rich. Techniques such as cognitive mapping also showed promise in highlighting the consistency and sophistication of their understandings.The pilot thus suggests that PV can provide different ways surface implicit understandings. We conclude by discussion some of the implications for research practice, participatory ethics and the opportunities to use PV within mixed methods approaches that have direct impact on policy and practice.

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