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  • 51.
    Bergh Nestlog, Ewa
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Danielsson, Kristina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Krogh, Ellen
    University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Multimodala elevtexter i geografiämnet: En textstudie på mellanstadiet2020Ingår i: HumaNetten, E-ISSN 1403-2279, nr 44, s. 11-44Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
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  • 52.
    Bergh Nestlog, Ewa
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Ehriander, Helene
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för film och litteratur (IFL).
    The Book Dog and Semiotic Resources in Envisionment Building of a Text World2019Ingår i: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, ISSN 0090-6905, E-ISSN 1573-6555, Vol. 48, nr 2, s. 535-550Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Linnaeus University project “The Book Dog and Astrid Lindgren” seeks to bring children and literature together and to use the dog as a tool for this. The method involves children reading aloud to trained dogs, called book dogs. By studying the practice of the book dog, we seek more profound knowledge of the importance of the reading practice for children’s reading. Such knowledge can have didactic implications for reading practices also in contexts where there is no book dog. In the study reception theories (Langer in Envisioning knowledge.Building literacy in the academic disciplines, New York, Teachers College Press,2011a; Langer in Envisioning literature. Literary understanding and literature instruction, 2nd ed., New York, Teachers College Press,2011b) are developed with perspectives of discourse analysis (Fairclough in Discourse and social change, Polity Press, Cambridge,1992). and social semiotics (Halliday in Language as social semiotics. The social interpretation of language and meaning, Edward Arnold, London,1978). The result shows that the dog contributes with semiotic resources in the meaning-making process; the text world comes to life for the child through the expanded envisionment building where the dog is central. Since pupils read texts in all school subjects, the study should be relevant for all types of teachers when shaping reading practices that support pupil’s meaning-making, also in contexts where there is no book dog. The study can also say something about what engagement, attentiveness, and non-judgemental attitudes can mean for pupils, even they in reading and writing difficulties (Bergh Nestlog and Ehriander 2016).

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  • 53.
    Bergström, Mattias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR). Linnaeus University.
    Divided by a common language: A comparative study of preferences for, and use of, American and British English vocabulary among students in Swedish upper secondary and tertiary education2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This comparative study aims to discover and demonstrate the potential division in preferences for, and use of, AmE and BrE vocabulary by examining the possible influence of variety shift, motivation, gender, and language contact among 181 EFL students in one upper secondary school and one university in Sweden. Accordingly, the material, a questionnaire, was distributed to probe the preferences and potential inclination factors through solicitation of background information and personal attitudes towards English. Additionally, through a selection process within the questionnaire, to determine the division in actual variety use, the respondents chose between 30 variety-dependent synonyms randomly divided into two separate columns. The results demonstrate a self-reported preference for AmE among upper secondary students, which seems to derive from its high frequency of use, and a preference for BrE among students in tertiary education, due to the more appealing sound of pronunciation and the status which it is believed to signal. Additionally, intrinsic motivation is shown to be more frequent among students who prefer BrE. The differences in variety use are, despite some minor connection to variety shift, essentially identical regardless of variety preference, motivation, EFL level and student gender, with AmE being used most frequently. However, none of the respondents used exclusively one variety without alternating between the two in at least one instance, but the extent of inclination seemed to depend on the variety with which one had had the longest contact.

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  • 54.
    Bjäremo, Svante
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    The Nordic syllabi and the Common European Framework of Reference: Similarities and differences2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the similarities and differences between the Nordic syllabi (the Finnish, Swedish and Norwegian syllabi) and the influence CEFR has had on their structure and development. This was carried out using the method of hermeneutics, looking for similarities and differences using seven different dimensions of comparison. The study shows that there are similarities between the Nordic syllabi which have all been influenced by the CEFR. The most notable similarity between the documents is the communicative nature of teaching and assessment. This could give a deeper understanding of the Nordic countries' similarities and differences when it comes to language teaching. Further studies are needed using quantitative methods to say if these findings and connections between the Nordic syllabi are due to the influence of the CEFR or if other factors have been just as influential.

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  • 55.
    Björk, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Not for Sale: Terminology and cultural references in a text on human trafficking2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyse what strategies may be the most suitable ones when dealing with problems in the translation of a text on human trafficking. The focus of the study is how to translate terminology related to human trafficking, but also on how to deal with references to culture-specific phenomena. In order to find possible solutions for translation problems in the text, different dictionaries and term banks were used, as well as parallel texts and different translation strategies.

              The analysis is based on the translation strategies laid down by Vinay and Darbelnet, Ingo and Newmark. The findings of the study show that a number of different translation strategies had to be applied in order to solve the different translation problems. Regarding the translation of terminology, modulation, equivalence, addition and omission were the most useful strategies, as well as using parallel texts. The strategies found most useful in translating culture-specific phenomena were modulation, equivalence and addition, but componential analysis, transference and established translations were also used. Factors that decided what were the most appropriate strategies to apply in the different instances were the aim of the text, the perspective of the target reader and parallel texts.

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    Not for Sale: Terminology and cultural references in a text on human trafficking
  • 56.
    Björklund, Markus
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    More than words: Different strategies to remedy culturally prompted translation difficulties2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to investigate how different kinds of adaption strategies can work in synergy to overcome culturally prompted translation difficulties. The strategies used were analysed in the translation of a text from a tourist guide containing references to local phenomena. It was found that the different strategies combine when overcoming the translation difficulties, but that not all of them turn out useful. It is suggested that source texts that are bound to a physical location as regards contents are likely to be culturally adaptable intranslation mainly by means of addition, omission and generalization.

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  • 57.
    Björknert, Johanna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    "Idag måste alla kunna läsa": Tre pedagogers arbetssätt med elever i läs- och skrivsvårigheter2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The aim of the study is to investigate how three pedagogues with different orientations work with reading and writing difficulties in the same school. A qualitative method with interviews and observations of the teachers was applied to investigate the methods used by a special education teacher, a class pedagogue and a special education pedagogue, and the needs for support in the teaching of pupils with reading and writing difficulties. In the design of interview questions and observation protocols and the processing of the collected data, the research method has been deductive, which means that themes based on the aim of the study and previous research were the starting point for the categorization of the data.

    The results of the study show that the group of pupils with reading and writing difficulties is problematic because the needs for support vary greatly and because, according to the pedagogues, the iPad was the device that contained the alternative tools that were able to give the pupils the best support. It is important to have variation in the teaching, and different apps can offer this. The theoretical premise of the study is the socio-cultural perspective which revealed itself in the way that, no matter what difficulty the pupil has, support from the pedagogues is needed to advance in the learning process, and this should take place in social interaction between pedagogue and pupil. 

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  • 58.
    Blomberg, Charlotta
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    La presencia de la ansiedad dentro del marco de ELE: Un estudio en el que se profundiza en la ansiedad de los estudiantes y cuáles son los factores que influyen en ella2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to identify if students experience anxiety in oral contexts during their Spanish classes. The aim is also to investigate what factors affect the potential anxiety, and determine the factor that influences the students to the greatest extent. The present study is an empirical study consisting of questionnaires carried out with 163 students from two different schools, one lower secondary school and one upper secondary school. The students study Spanish as a foreign language in four different course levels, from levels 1 to 4.Anxiety in oral contexts when studying a foreign language is a well known phenomenon within the area of foreign language adquisition. Accordingly, this study aims to, on the one hand, either confirm or disprove the hypothesis that students experience anxiety. On the other hand, the aim is to find out a potential correlation between the students’ self-assessed proficiency levels of Spanish and their reported levels of anxiety. Lastly, the study aims to determine whether the teachers of the questioned students has knowledge of what the students’ answers will be.The results given by the questionnaire show that the vast majority of the students experience anxiety, not only in terms of the course of Spanish in general but also in terms of an oral context. In order to determine if there are any correlations between the variables in question, a series of statistical tests are applied and analysed. The results have shown that there exists a correlation between the students’ self-assessed proficiency levels of Spanish and their reported levels of anxiety. According to the teachers’ answers, the results show that they are, in most cases, not in line with the students’ answers.

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  • 59.
    Blomberg, Frida
    Lund University.
    Concreteness, Specificity and Emotional Content in Swedish Nouns: Neurocognitive Studies of Word Meaning2016Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis investigated Swedish nouns differing in concreteness, specificity and emotional content using linguistic, psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic methods. The focus of Paper I was a semantic analysis of discourse produced by a person with a lesion in visual (left occipital) cortex. The results showed that the lesion site was related to with problems processing concrete nouns related to visual semantic features, as well as nouns with high semantic specificity. Paper II compared Swedish ratings of the cognitive psychological parameters imageability, age of acquisition and familiarity to English ratings, showing correlations indicating that ratings can be transferred between the two languages. Suggestions for constructing a Swedish psycholinguistic database were also outlined. In Paper III, four noun categories differing in specificity and emotional arousal (SPECIFIC, GENERAL, EMOTIONAL, ABSTRACT) were compared using a dichotic listening paradigm and a concrete/abstract categorisation task. EMOTIONAL nouns were shown to be processed faster than the other noun categories when presented in the left ear, possibly indicating more right hemisphere involvement. In Paper IV, PSEUDOWORDS as well as SPECIFIC, GENERAL, EMOTIONAL and ABSTRACT nouns were compared during lexical decision and imageability rating tasks using electroencephalography (EEG), targeting the event-related potentials (ERPs) N400 and N700, previously shown to be modulated by concreteness. On the assumption that abstract nouns have a larger number of lexical associates than more concrete nouns, N400 amplitudes were predicted to be smaller for abstract nouns than for concrete nouns. This prediction was supported by the results. Notably, even SPECIFIC and GENERAL nouns were observed to elicit different N400 amplitudes, in accordance with their hierarchical relationship in lexical semantic models. Bringing together theories and methods from linguistics, cognitive psychology and neuroscience, the present interdisciplinary thesis provides insights into word semantics as regards differences related to the cognitive dimension of concreteness and its relation to sensory and emotional meaning features.

  • 60.
    Blomberg, Frida
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Ordens förhållande till sinnena2017Ingår i: Årsbok 2017: Vetenskapssocieteten i Lund / [ed] Henrik Rahm, Lund: Vetenskapssocieteten i Lund , 2017, s. 5-21Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 61.
    Blomberg, Frida
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Gullberg, Marianne
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Andersson, Annika
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    First language matters: An auditory ERP study of crosslinguistic influence effects on semantic processing2019Ingår i: SNL 2019, August 20-22, Helsinki, Finland: Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language, Society for the Neurobiology of Language , 2019, s. 229-230Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 62.
    Blomberg, Frida
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Hansson, Kristina
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Cohn, Neil
    Andersson, Annika
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Verbal and visual language structure: A study of children with developmental language disorder probing domain general processing2019Ingår i: The Lund Symposium on Cognition, Communication and Learning, April 24-26, 2019, Lund, Sweden, 2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 63.
    Blomberg, Frida
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Horne, Merle
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Roll, Mikael
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Apt, Pia
    Skåne University Hospital, Sweden.
    Modelling the meaning of words: neural correlates of abstract and concrete noun processing2010Ingår i: 13th International Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics Association Conference: June 23-26, 2010, Oslo, Norway, Oslo: University of Oslo , 2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 64.
    Blomberg, Frida
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Roll, Mikael
    Lund university.
    Lindgren, Magnus
    Lund university.
    Brännström, Jonas
    Lund university.
    Horne, Merle
    Lund university.
    Emotional arousal and lexical specificity modulate response times differently depending on ear of presentation in a dichotic listening task2015Ingår i: The Mental Lexicon, ISSN 1871-1340, E-ISSN 1871-1375, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 221-246, artikel-id b22084c6-6fa2-4de7-9c0b-41f497a9e5a4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigated possible hemispheric differences in the processing of four different lexical semantic categories: SPECIFIC (e.g. bird), GENERAL (e.g. animal), ABSTRACT (e.g. advice), and EMOTIONAL (e.g. love). These wordtypes were compared using a dichotic listening paradigm and a semantic category classification task. Response times (RTs) were measured when participants classified testwords as concrete or abstract. In line with previous findings, words were expected to be processed faster following right-ear presentation. However, lexical specificity and emotional arousal were predicted to modulate response times differently depending on the ear of presentation. For left-ear presentation, relatively faster RTs were predicted for SPECIFIC and EMOTIONAL words as opposed to GENERAL and ABSTRACT words. An interaction of ear and wordtype was found. For right-ear presentation, RTs increased as testwords’ imageability decreased along the span SPECIFIC–GENERAL–EMOTIONAL–ABSTRACT. In contrast, for left ear presentation, EMOTIONAL words were processed fastest, while SPECIFIC words gave rise to long RTs on par with those for ABSTRACT words. Thus, the prediction for EMOTIONAL words presented in the left ear was borne out, whereas the prediction for SPECIFIC words was not. This might be related to previously found differences in processing of stimuli at a global or local level.

  • 65.
    Blomberg, Frida
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Roll, Mikael
    Lund University.
    Lindgren, Magnus
    Lund University.
    Horne, Merle
    Lund University.
    Lexical specificity, imageability and emotional arousal modulate the N400 and the N7002016Ingår i: 8th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neurobiology of Language. SNL 2016: Abstracts, 2016, s. 207-207Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The event-related potential (ERP) componentN400 as well as a later effect, often labeled ‘N700’ haverepeatedly been shown to increase for concrete as compared to abstract words (Barber, Otten, Kousta, & Vigliocco, 2013; Gullick, Mitra, & Coch, 2013; Kounios & Holcomb, 1994; Nittono, Suehiro, & Hori, 2002; West & Holcomb, 2000). In addition, pseudowords elicit greater N400s than real words (Lau, Phillips, & Poeppel, 2008). Previous interpretations of the N400 as indexing contextual integration or alternatively, activation of semantic features in long-term memory, do notfully explain the combination of these differences. The present study compared ERPs in the N400 and N700 time-windows for PSEUDOWORDS (e.g. ‘danalod’) and four noun categories differing in specificity and imageability: (SPECIFIC, e.g. ‘squirrel’, GENERAL, e.g. ‘animal’, EMOTIONAL, e.g. ‘happiness’ and ABSTRACT, e.g. ‘tendency’).

    Methods: EEGwas recorded from 32 scalp electrodes and response times were measured while 35 healthy, right-handed native Swedish speakers (age 20-37) performed an imageability rating (IR) task and a lexical decision (LD) task. The stimuli were 160 written nouns, 40 each of the above-mentioned semantic categories, and 160 phonologically legal pseudowords. Statistical comparisons of ERPs in the N400 (300-500 ms post-stimulus onset) and N700 (500-800 ms post-stimulus onset) time-windows were carried out using within-subjects ANOVAs.

    Results: In the LD task, N400 amplitudes increasedin the order EMOTIONAL < ABSTRACT < GENERAL < SPECIFIC < PSEUDOWORD. A largely similar pattern wasfound in the IR task as well as in the N700 time-window ofboth tasks. N400 and N700 effects were found for SPECIFIC-GENERAL test words also when they were matched for imageability, indicating that something other than imageabilityper se was driving the effects.

    Conclusion: The pattern of ERPamplitudes seen in the present study could be explained by a model which assumes that words with larger numbers of associated words in the mental lexicon yield smaller N400s, for example abstract as compared to concrete words and real words as compared to pseudowords. The fact that N400 andN700 effects were found for SPECIFIC-GENERAL test wordseven when they were matched for imageability indicates that other factors, possibly related to hierarchical semantic relationsbetween concrete noun categories, drive the effect. In line withthe suggested model, this might be explained by superordinate GENERAL nouns having a larger number of lexical associates than SPECIFIC nouns.

    References:

    Barber, H. A., Otten, L. J., Kousta, S.-T., & Vigliocco, G. (2013). Brain and Language, 125(1), 47–53.

    Gullick, M. M., Mitra, P., & Coch, D. (2013). Psychophysiology, 50(5), 431–440.

    Kounios, J., & Holcomb, P. J. (1994). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 20(4), 804–823.

    Lau, E. F., Phillips, C., & Poeppel, D. (2008). Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9(12), 920–933.

    Nittono, H., Suehiro, M., & Hori, T. (2002). International Journal of Psychophysiology, 1–11.

    West, W. C., & Holcomb, P. J. (2000). Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12(6), 1024–1037.

  • 66.
    Blomberg, Frida
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Öberg, Carl
    Lund University.
    Swedish and English word ratings of imageability, familiarity and age of acquisition are highly correlated2015Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Linguistics, ISSN 0332-5865, E-ISSN 1502-4717, Vol. 38, nr 3, s. 351-364Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    At present, there is no comprehensive psycholinguistic database containing Swedish words with ratings of word properties such as e.g. imageability, although researchers carrying out psycholinguistic studies in Swedish face the need to be able to control for and systematically vary such properties. The present study addressed this issue by investigating the possibility of transferring English word ratings to Swedish. Imageability, familiarity and age of acquisition (AoA) ratings were obtained for a sample of Swedish words (N = 99). These ratings were then compared with the corresponding English ratings from the Medical Research Council (MRC) Psycholinguistic Database (Coltheart 1981) using Spearman correlation. Swedish and English word ratings were found to be highly correlated for imageability and AoA, and moderately correlated for familiarity. Following these results, we suggest that, in general, ratings of these variables can be reliably transferred between the two languages, although some caution should be taken, since for some individual words, some ratings might differ substantially for their Swedish and English translations.

  • 67.
    Boberg, Per
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora.
    Word by word, phrase by phrase, sentence by sentence: A corpus-based study of the N1 by N1 construction2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper examines the N1 by N1 construction using corpus linguistic methodology.The distribution of types of the construction that occur more than once either unhyphenated or hyphenated in any subcorpus of the British National Corpus accessed through the BrighamYoung University interface is examined. Written and spoken language as well as variousgenres are compared. Hyphenation is also investigated. A collocation analysis of some typesof the construction is further carried out and it is concluded that the N1 by N1 construction canbe part of the on a N1 by N1 basis construction. Results from the quantitative analysis as wellas the qualitative discussion suggest that the N P N construction may be undergoinglexicalisation starting as an adverbial and moving to functioning as a premodifier. Thissuggestion is indicated through complementary diachronic searches in the Oxford EnglishDictionary. It is also indicated that the construction may follow a development pattern similarto that of N1 to N1. The notion of construction is discussed in relation to the N1 by N1 construction, and a hierarchical view of constructions is proposed as a solution to some of theproblems with the term.

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    Per Boberg - Word by word
  • 68.
    Bokander, Lars
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    SweLT 1.0: konstruktion och pilottestning av ett nytt svenskt frekvensbaserat ordförrådstest2016Ingår i: Nordand: nordisk tidsskrift for andrespråksforskning, ISSN 0809-9227, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 39-60Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett flervalstest av receptivt ordförråd, baserat på information om ordfrekvens, konstruerades och provades ut i en pilotstudie. Orden samplades ur en svensk korpusderiverad basordlista från frekvensnivåerna 2000, 3000, 5000 och 8000 (definierade som frekvensband med 1000 ord vardera). Studiens deltagare utgjordes av 290 personer med svenska som främmande- eller andraspråk. De flesta item fungerade väl och reliabiliteten var god förutom i 2K-nivån, där en tydlig takeffekt gav låg varians i mätdata. I linje med vad tidigare forskning har visat, följde testresultaten ett implikationellt mönster med distinkt progression i svårighet från lägre till högre nivå och detta förhållande kunde iakttas både på grupp- och individnivå. Deltagarnas färdighetsnivå (GERS), enligt lärarbedömning eller kursplacering, visade signifikant korrelation med poängresultat på ordtestet, dock något lägre än väntat. Slutligen föreslås en modell för hur testpoäng kan användas för kvantifiering av receptivt ordförråd.

  • 69.
    Bokander, Lars
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Bylund, Emanuel
    Stellenbosch University, South Africa;Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Probing the internal validity of the LLAMA language aptitude tests2020Ingår i: Language learning, ISSN 0023-8333, E-ISSN 1467-9922, Vol. 70, nr 1, s. 11-47Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past decade, the LLAMA language aptitude test battery has come to play an increasingly important role as an instrument in research on individual differences in language development. However, a potentially serious problem that has been pointed out by several scholars is that the LLAMA has not yet been carefully validated. We addressed this issue by examining the internal validity of this test battery. We collected LLAMA data from 350 participants and assessed these data using classical item analysis, Rasch analysis, and principal component analysis within a framework of best practices in educational and psychological test validation. The results show that only one out of the four subtests (LLAMA B) produced scores that fit a latent trait model with sufficient accuracy. This suggests that researchers using the LLAMA battery must treat their results with appropriate carefulness and also that there is potential for refining the LLAMA further.

  • 70.
    Botinis, Antonis
    et al.
    University of Athens, Greece.
    Ambrazaitis, Gilbert
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Frid, Johan
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Syllable structure and tonal representation: Revisiting focal Accent II in Swedish2014Ingår i: Proceedings from FONETIK 2014. Stockholm, June 9-11, 2014: PERILUS XXIV, June 2014 / [ed] Mattias Heldner, Stockholm: Department of Linguistics, Stockholm University , 2014, s. 65-70Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of tonal representation as a function of syllable structure constituency in Swedish. The results of a production experiment indicate that the onset of the focal accent rise – which we suggest to be best represented by a bitonal LH command – is associated with the consonant onset of the post- accented syllable. Furthermore, a vowel insertion is favored in certain intervocalic consonant clusters. In light of these findings, as well a parallel study on Greek, we claim: (1) syllabification is a basic prerequisite condition in tonal analysis and intonation studies, (2) tonal targets may define syllable boundaries and hence syllabification and (3) different tonal targets may be associated with different syllable structure constituents in different languages.

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  • 71.
    Boyd, Sally
    et al.
    Gothenburg university, Sweden.
    Ericsson, StinaLinnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Sociolingvistik i praktiken2015Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Djupare insikter i sociolingvistik – studier av hur språk och samhälle hänger samman – nås bäst genom att utföra egna undersökningar, inte genom att enbart läsa om andras studier. I den här boken visar ett antal forskare hur de rent praktiskt gör sociolingvistik, d.v.s. vilka metoder de använder för att samla in och analysera data. Målet är att inspirera läsaren att själv undersöka språkanvändning i det omgivande samhället: vid köksbordet, i sms-konversationer eller ute på skolgården.

    Varje kapitel utgår från en redan publicerad studie och dess metoder beskrivs och förklaras detaljerat. Här får läsaren även förslag på upp­gifter och uppsatsämnen samt lästips. Boken innehåller också en samling förslag på befintliga webbresurser som studenter kan använda i sociolingvistiska undersökningar samt en ordlista över sociolingvistiska termer med förklaringar.

    Sociolingvistik i praktiken kompletterar introduktionsböcker i ämnet och riktar sig till studenter på grundnivå och avancerad nivå i främst språkämnen och lärarutbildning. Boken kan också användas i metodkurser och som handbok i uppsatsarbete.

  • 72.
    Boyd, Sally
    et al.
    Gothenburg university, Sweden.
    Ericsson, Stina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Sociolingvistik i praktiken – Inledning2015Ingår i: Sociolingvistik i praktiken / [ed] Sally Boyd & Stina Ericsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, s. 11-34Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 73.
    Bristedt, Sofia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Oj, vad snabbt du pratar!: En kvantitativ studie av hur andraspråksinlärares taltempo påverkas av förstaspråkstalares val av språkvariant2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen som följer är en kvantitativ undersökning där andraspråksinlärares taltempo studerades. Forskningen avsåg undersöka hur en inlärares taltempo förändrades i interaktion med olika förstaspråkstalare av svenska som använde två olika språkliga varianter, barnriktat och vuxenriktat språk. För att besvara undersökningens frågeställningar deltog fyra andraspråksinlärare i två intervjuer vardera. Förstaspråkstalarna turades om att hålla intervjuerna och talade barnriktat i den ena intervjun och vuxenriktat i den andra. Intervjuerna spelades in och transkriberades för analys av resultat. Utifrån ett individuellt perspektiv kunde ett förändrat taltempo identifieras hos några av deltagarna i enlighet med de hypoteser som formulerats. Utifrån ett grupperspektiv kunde däremot inte ett förändrat taltempo identifieras. Dock visade resultat i enlighet med en av undersökningens hypoteser att gruppen samt enskilda deltagare använde ett språk med högre komplexitet vid barnriktat språk än vid vuxenriktat. Undersökningens resultat är betydelsefulla i utveckling av pedagogiska strategier för andraspråksinlärning med fokus på språkproduktion.

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  • 74.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    Stockholms universitet.
    Age differences in first language attrition: A maturational constraints perspective2008Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates age-related differences in first language (L1) attrition in a second language (L2) setting. The thesis is based on four individual studies. The aim of each of the studies has been to examine aspects of age differences that to date have remained in the background of attrition research: Study I gives an overview of research on age differences in L1 attrition and suggests a reinterpretation of age effects in attrition, using as a point of departure critical period constructs. Study I also formulates hypotheses regarding the contour and timing of attrition susceptibility and its interplay with non-biological factors. Study II investigates L1 residual knowledge and L2 ultimate attainment in international adoptees. The results suggest that a) that L1 remnants may be found if relearning activities have taken place prior to testing; b) L2 learners who have experienced a complete cut-off in L1 contact do not attain higher L2 proficiency levels than learners who have stayed in contact with the L1. The results also indicate that the level of L1 reactivation and L2 ultimate attainment are related to age of adoption. Study III examines age effects on the retention of L1 event construal patterns. The results show that the onset of puberty is a turning point for the degree of conformity with native behaviour, i.e. those who arrived in the L2 setting before puberty were more likely to exhibit non-converging patterns than those who arrived after puberty. This finding suggests that in attrition conceptual proficiency is equally affected by age as are formal language skills. Finally, Study IV explores the role of language aptitude in prepubescent attriters. The results show that nativelike grammatical intuitions are connected to language aptitude, and that speakers with high levels of language aptitude rely less on L1 contact than do speakers with low levels of language aptitude in their retention of nativelike grammatical intuitions in the L1.

  • 75.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    Stockholms universitet.
    Effects of age of L2 acquisition on L1 event conceptualization patterns2009Ingår i: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, ISSN 1366-7289, E-ISSN 1469-1841, Vol. 12, nr 3, s. 305-322Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the effects that the age of onset (AO) of second language (L2) acquisition exerts on the attrition of first language (L1) event conceptualization patterns. The subjects studied are L1 Spanish–L2 Swedish bilinguals living in Sweden. The specific research questions addressed in the study concern the role of AO in endpoint encoding and temporal perspectivation in goal-oriented motion events. In view of previous findings on age effects in attrition, it is hypothesized that deviations from Spanish monolingual patterns of conceptualization would be limited basically to subjects whose AO is below 12 years of age. The analyses show that subjects with AO > 12 converge with Spanish monolingual controls on both endpoint encoding and temporal perspectivation strategies, whereas deviations from the controls' performance are found exclusively in subjects with AO < 12. It is suggested, in view of these findings, that subjects with early AO are more dependent on advantageous socio-psychological circumstances such as L1 contact and use in order to fully acquire/maintain Spanish event conceptualization patterns, while L1 maintenance in subjects with late AO is less dependent on these factors. It is concluded that patterns of event conceptualization are affected by age in the same way as formal language skills.

  • 76.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    Stockholms universitet.
    Language attrition2013Ingår i: Language, Society and Communication: an introduction / [ed] Zannie Bock & Gift Mheta, van Schaik , 2013Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 77.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    Stockholms universitet ; University of the Western Cape, South Africa.
    Language-specific patterns in event conceptualization: Insights from bilingualism2011Ingår i: Thinking and speaking in two languages / [ed] Aneta Pavlenko, Avon: Multilingual Matters, 2011, s. 108-142Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 78.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    Stockholms universitet.
    Maturational constraints and first language attrition2009Ingår i: Language learning, ISSN 0023-8333, E-ISSN 1467-9922, Vol. 59, nr 3, s. 687-715Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to examine how first language attrition research on maturational constraints interprets and links its findings to current views on maturation in the field of second language acquisition. It is argued that attrition research exhibits certain inconsistencies in the interpretation of the structural characteristics of the critical period and the interplay between maturation and nonmaturational factors in attrition. In view of findings from first language relearning/reactivation and theoretical-methodological advances in second language research on maturation, the article proposes a reinterpretation of maturational constraints in language attrition that, first, emphasizes the gradual decline of susceptibility to attrition and, second, puts forth the conditioning function that the maturational constraints have on nonmaturational factors.

  • 79.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    Stockholms universitet.
    Review: Language attrition. By Monika S. Schmid. (Key topics in sociolinguistics.) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.2012Ingår i: Language, ISSN 0097-8507, E-ISSN 1535-0665, Vol. 88, nr 4, s. 923-926Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 80.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    Stockholm University.
    Segmentation and temporal structuring of events in early Spanish-Swedish bilinguals2011Ingår i: International Journal of Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0069, E-ISSN 1756-6878, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 56-84Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine patterns of segmentation and temporal structuring of events in early bilinguals. The participant group consists of 25 L1 Spanish — L2 Swedish adult bilinguals residing in Sweden, with ages of L2 acquisition ranging from 1 to 11 years. There were 15 native speakers of Swedish and 15 native speakers of Spanish engaged as monolingual controls. The participants provided online-retellings in both languages of an excerpt from the film Modern Times. The bilinguals’ L1 and L2 retellings were compared with those of the monolingual speakers of the respective languages. The results indicated that the bilinguals resorted to the same event segmentation strategies in both L1 and L2, opting for an intermediate degree of event resolution. This behavior fell in between the monolingual Spanish high degree of resolution and the monolingual Swedish low degree of resolution. As for temporal structuring patterns, the results showed that the bilinguals in their L2 converged with the Swedish monolingual controls, linking the events by means of anaphoric adverbials (i.e., ‘x then y’). The bilinguals also converged with the Spanish-speaking controls in their L1 perspectivation patterns, as both groups left the temporal relation between the events to be inferred and focused on ongoingness (i.e., now x, now y). These findings are discussed in terms of convergence and co-existence of conceptual patterns (Pavlenko, 1999, 2008).

  • 81.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    Stockholms universitet ; Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
    Unomathotholo or i-radio? Factors predicting the use of English loanwords among L1 isiXhosa - L2 English bilinguals2014Ingår i: Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, ISSN 0143-4632, E-ISSN 1747-7557, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 105-120Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the use of English loanwords in L1 isiXhosa-L2 English bilinguals living in Cape Town, South Africa. The specific aim of the study is to investigate which individual background factors may increase or reduce the presence of English loanwords in a L1 isiXhosa speaker's repertoire. Data on English loanword use and individual background were collected through a picture naming task and a background questionnaire, respectively. Results showed that those speakers who frequently used English for interactive purposes were more prone to using English loanwords when naming pictures in isiXhosa. Moreover, it was documented that those who arrived at an early age in Cape Town (from the isiXhosa-dominant Eastern Cape Province) were also less prone to using isiXhosa words in the naming task. Marginal, negative effects were found for non-interactive isiXhosa use (i.e. radio, books, etc.) and attitudes towards English, such that those speakers with high indices on these variables used more often English loanwords. A marginal, positive effect of the presence of isiXhosa in primary and secondary school on the use of isiXhosa words was also found.

  • 82.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet ; University of the Western Cape, South Africa.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet.
    Does first language maintenance hamper nativelikeness in a second language?: a study of ultimate attainment in early bilinguals2012Ingår i: Studies in Second Language Acquisition, ISSN 0272-2631, E-ISSN 1470-1545, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 215-241Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the field of SLA, the incidence of nativelikeness in second language (L2) speakers has typically been explained as a function of age of acquisition. An alternative interpretation, however, is that L2 learners do not attain nativelike proficiency because of first language (L1) maintenance. This interpretation has nevertheless remained mostly theoretical due to the lack of empirical evidence. This study sets out to address the role of L1 proficiency in L2 ultimate attainment by examining L1 and L2 proficiency in 30 early L1 Spanish-L2 Swedish bilinguals. Language proficiency was assessed through grammaticality judgment tests and cloze tests, and additional data on language aptitude were collected through the Swansea Language Aptitude Test (v. 2.0; Meara, Milton, & Lorenzo-Dus, 2002). The results showed positive correlations between nativelike L1 and L2 behavior. Additionally, it was found that language aptitude was positively correlated with nativelike L1 and L2 performance. In view of these findings, it is suggested that (a) L1 maintenance does not hamper L2 nativelikeness and (b) language aptitude is an important factor for bilingual ultimate attainment.

  • 83.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet.
    The role of language aptitude in first language attrition: The case of prepubescent attriters2010Ingår i: Applied Linguistics, ISSN 0142-6001, E-ISSN 1477-450X, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 443-464Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    While language aptitude has been investigated actively within second language research, there is a current dearth of research on the effects of aptitude in cases of attrition. The aim of the present investigation was to explore the role of language aptitude for L1 proficiency in speakers who experienced a break with their L1 setting prior to puberty. Twenty-five L1 SpanishL2 Swedish bilinguals residing in Sweden participated in the study, and 15 native speakers of Spanish living in Chile were recruited as controls. The L1 proficiency was measured by means of a grammaticality judgement test (GJT) and language aptitude data were obtained through the Swansea Language Aptitude Test (Meara et al. <xref ref-type="bibr" rid="B36">2003</xref>). Results showed a positive correlation between GJT performance and language aptitude. More specifically, the bilinguals with above-average aptitude were more likely to score within the native range on the GJT than those with below-average aptitude. It was also seen that among the participants with below-average aptitude, GJT scores were related to daily L1 use. In view of these findings, we suggest that language aptitude has a compensatory function in language attrition, helping the attriter to retain a high level of L1 proficiency despite reduced L1 contact.

  • 84.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden ; Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
    Athanasopoulos, Panos
    University of Reading, UK.
    Language and thought in a multilingual context: The case of isiXhosa2014Ingår i: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, ISSN 1366-7289, E-ISSN 1469-1841, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 431-441Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Situated within the grammatical aspect approach to motion event cognition, this study takes a first step in investigating language and thought in functional multilinguals by studying L1 isiXhosa speakers living in South Africa. IsiXhosa being a non-aspect language, the study investigates how the knowledge and use of additional languages with grammatical aspect influence cognition of endpoint-oriented motion events among L1 isiXhosa speakers. Results from a triads-matching task show that participants who often used aspect languages and had greater exposure to English in primary education were less prone to rely on endpoints when categorising motion events.

  • 85.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet ; Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
    Athanasopoulos, Panos
    Lancaster University.
    Linguistic relativity in SLA: Towards a new research programme2014Ingår i: Language learning, ISSN 0023-8333, E-ISSN 1467-9922, Vol. 64, nr 4, s. 952-985Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the current article is to support the investigation of linguistic relativity in second language acquisition and sketch methodological and theoretical prerequisites toward developing the domain into a full research program. We identify and discuss three theoretical-methodological components that we believe are needed to succeed in this enterprise. First, we highlight the importance of using nonverbal methods to study linguistic relativity effects in second language (L2) speakers. The use of nonverbal tasks is necessary in order to avoid the circularity that arises when inferences about nonverbal behavior are made on the basis of verbal evidence alone. Second, we identify and delineate the likely cognitive mechanisms underpinning cognitive restructuring in L2 speakers by introducing the theoretical framework of associative learning. By doing so, we demonstrate that the extent and nature of cognitive restructuring in L2 speakers is essentially a function of variation in individual learners’ trajectories. Third, we offer an in-depth discussion of the factors (e.g., L2 proficiency and L2 use) that characterize those trajectories, anchoring them to the framework of associative learning, and reinterpreting their relative strength in predicting L2 speaker cognition.

  • 86.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet ; University of the Western Cape, South Africa.
    Athanasopoulos, Panos
    University of Reading, UK.
    Oostendorp, Marcelyn
    Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
    Motion event cognition and grammatical aspect: Evidence from Afrikaans2013Ingår i: Linguistics, ISSN 0024-3949, E-ISSN 1613-396X, Vol. 51, nr 5, s. 929-955Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on the relationship between grammatical aspect and motion event construal has posited that speakers of non-aspect languages are more prone to encoding event endpoints than are speakers of aspect languages (e. g., von Stutterheim and Carroll 2011). In the present study, we test this hypothesis by extending this line of inquiry to Afrikaans, a non-aspect language which is previously unexplored in this regard. Motion endpoint behavior among Afrikaans speakers was measured by means of a linguistic retelling task and a non-linguistic similarity judgment task, and then compared with the behavior of speakers of a non-aspect language (Swedish) and speakers of an aspect language (English). Results showed the Afrikaans speakers' endpoint patterns aligned with Swedish patterns, but were significantly different from English patterns. It was also found that the variation among the Afrikaans speakers could be partially explained by taking into account their frequency of use of English, such that those who used English more frequently exhibited an endpoint behavior that was more similar to English speakers. The current study thus lends further support to the hypothesis that speakers of different languages attend differently to event endpoints as a function of the grammatical category of aspect.

  • 87.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet ; University of the Western Cape, South Africa.
    Díaz, Manuel
    Stockholms universitet.
    The effects of heritage language instruction on first language proficiency: a psycholinguistic perspective2012Ingår i: International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0050, E-ISSN 1747-7522, Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 593-609Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the effects of weekly heritage language (HL) classes on first language (L1) proficiency in speakers who arrived in the second language (L2)-dominant setting before the onset of puberty. Two groups of L1 Spanish – L2 Swedish bilingual high school students living in Sweden participated in the study. One group currently attended HL classes once a week, whereas the other group was no longer doing so. The two groups did not differ with regard to the total number of years of HL class attendance, age of arrival in Sweden, length of residence or degree of L1 contact. Results from a grammaticality judgement test and a cloze test showed that the group that currently attended HL classes outperformed the non-attending group. Using a framework that emphasises heightened attrition susceptibility among speakers who lost contact with the L1-dominant setting before puberty, the study suggests that HL classes function as a factor that, all other things being equal, may counterweigh attrition susceptibility. Moreover, it is suggested that the effects of HL classes on L1 proficiency are short term rather than long term. That is to say, once attendance ceases the counterweighing effect is less visible.

  • 88.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet.
    Age of acquisition effects or effects of bilingualism in second language ultimate attainment?2013Ingår i: Sensitive Periods, Language Aptitude, and Ultimate L2 Attainment / [ed] Granena, Gisela & Long, Michael, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2013, s. 69-102Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most robust findings in the field of SLA is the different rates of success with which children and adults achieve nativelike proficiency in a L2. Age-related differences have traditionally been explained in terms of the maturational state of the learner. Recently, however, a growing number of accounts hold that age effects in ultimate attainment are due to L1 entrenchment (e.g. Flege 1999; MacWhinney 2005; Ventureyra, Pallier & Yoo 2004). In this view, an increase in L1 proficiency leads to the progressive entrenchment of L1 representations, with the consequence that L2 acquisition becomes more difficult. Inherent in this interpretation is the assumption that the “less L1”, the less it will interfere with the L2. In this paper, we analyse the theoretical underpinnings of the “L1 entrenchment accounts”, and evaluate the existing evidence for and against such claims.

  • 89.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Jarvis, Scott
    Ohio University, USA.
    L2 effects on L1 event conceptualization patterns2011Ingår i: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, ISSN 1366-7289, E-ISSN 1469-1841, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 47-59Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The finding that speakers of aspect languages encode event endpoints to a lesser extent than do speakers of non-aspect languages has led to the hypothesis that there is a relationship between grammatical aspect and event conceptualization (e.g., von Stutterheim and Nüse, 2003). The present study concerns L1 event conceptualization in 40 L1 Spanish – L2 Swedish bilinguals (all near-native speakers of Swedish). Spanish and Swedish differ as regards grammatical aspect: Whereas Swedish lacks this grammatical category, Spanish conveys aspect through verbal morphology and periphrasis. The principal aim of the study was to explore the relationship between event conceptualization patterns and proficiency with aspectual contrasts. The participants were asked to provide oral L1 Spanish descriptions of video clips projecting motion events with different degrees of endpoint orientation (see von Stutterheim, 2003). In addition, they took a grammaticality judgment test concerning verb and gender agreement, verbal clitics and aspectual contrasts. Compared with baseline data from monolingual Spanish speakers, the results on endpoint encoding show that the bilinguals mention the endpoints of motion events to a higher degree than the Spanish control group does. Moreover, it was shown that the weaker the bilinguals’ discrimination of aspectual errors on the grammaticality judgement test, the more prone they were to encoding endpoints. This result consequently furthers the hypothesis about the interconnectedness between grammatical aspect and event conceptualization. It was suggested that this finding indicate that the bilinguals are influenced by the Swedish-like tendency to attend to the boundedness rather than the ongoingness of events.

  • 90.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV). Stockholm University.
    Ramirez-Galan, Pedro
    Stockholm University.
    Language Aptitude in First Language Attrition: A Study on Late Spanish-Swedish Bilinguals2016Ingår i: Applied Linguistics, ISSN 0142-6001, E-ISSN 1477-450X, Vol. 37, nr 5, s. 621-638Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Language aptitude remains one of the most understudied predictor variables in L1 attrition research. The current study seeks to address this gap by investigating the effects of language aptitude on L1 retention in late attriters. Forty L1 Spanish - L2 Swedish bilinguals living in Sweden participated in the study, along with 20 functionally monolingual L1 speakers of Spanish. L1 proficiency was measured by means of a grammaticality judgement test (GJT) and language aptitude data were obtained through the LLAMA Language Aptitude Test (Meara 2005). Additional data on the participants' linguistic background were also collected. Results revealed a robust difference in GJT scores between the bilinguals and the control group. However, degree of language aptitude was not found to exert a significant influence on the bilinguals' GJT performance. Instead, the only significant predictor for GJT performance was linguistic identification, showing that those participants with strong L1 identification were more accurate in judging L1 grammaticality. The lack of aptitude effects on L1 attrition is discussed against the background of age-related attrition susceptibility.

  • 91.
    Byrman, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Byrman, Ylva
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    In evidence: Linguistic transformations of events in police interview reports2018Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Linguistics, ISSN 0332-5865, E-ISSN 1502-4717, Vol. 41, nr 2, s. 155-181Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to examine how investigators in the police reproduce the interviewees’ utterances in narratives, direct and indirect reported speech, and by framing the words in reports with or without quotation marks. The focus is on the police’s professional writing and techniques of reproducing interviewees’ words in written texts. Questions are: What techniques do the police use in the written interview reports? How do the techniques convey evidentiality? A corpus on domestic violence is used with a theoretical foundation in critical discourse analysis, polyvocality and evidentiality. A new analytical framework for polyvocal texts is developed in terms of utterance, source and framer to pin down the evidentiality. The result shows that it is difficult to determine whether words placed within the quotation marks are verbatim or not. Another result shows that investigators are not consistent in documenting utterances from different sources, and they do not show whether the utterances are embedded or not and to what degree they are embedded. This makes it sometimes difficult to uncover the structure of the original events and to perceive who the source of the utterances is, which means that evidentiality is not always clear.

  • 92.
    Byrman, Gunilla
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora.
    Lindquist, HansVäxjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora.Levin, MagnusVäxjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora.
    Korpusar i forskning och undervisning - Corpora in research and teaching: Papers from the ASLA symposium, Växjö 11-12 November 19992000Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 93.
    Byrman, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Skoglund, Astrid
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Kvinnors och mäns språkliga representation i domar2019Ingår i: Språkbruk, ISSN 0358-9293, nr 4, s. 10-13Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    En rapport skriven på uppdrag av svenska Domstolsverket lyfter fram skillnader i den språkliga representationen av kvinnor och män i domar. Studien visar att kvinnor tenderar att beskrivas mer ordrikt och närgånget än män.

    Vi, Gunilla Byrman och Astrid Skoglund, språkforskare vid Linnéuniversitetet i Växjö, har i rapporten Kvinnor och män i domar granskat språket i domar från en förvaltningsdomstol och en tingsrätt. Studien bygger på totalt 49 domar från brottmål, vårdnadsmål och LVU-mål avgjorda 2016 och 2017.  LVU står för lag med särskilda bestämmelser om vård.

    Studien vill synliggöra och öka medvetenheten om den skriftliga framställningen av vuxna parter av olika kön. Domarna undersöktes genom både kvantitativa och kvalitativa språkanalyser. Vi framhåller att materialet är litet och att det inte går att dra några generella slutsatser utifrån studiens resultat, men vi urskiljer några återkommande mönster i domarnas framställning av kvinnor och män.

  • 94.
    Callies, Marcus
    et al.
    University of Bremen, Germany.
    Levin, Magnus
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    A comparative multimodal corpus study of dislocation structures in live football commentary2019Ingår i: Corpus Approaches to the Language of Sports / [ed] Callies, Marcus & Magnus Levin, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2019, s. 253-269Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 95.
    Callies, Marcus
    et al.
    University of Marburg, Germany.
    Levin, MagnusLinnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Corpus approaches to the language of sports: texts, media, modalities2019Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 96.
    Callies, Marcus
    et al.
    University of Bremen, Germany.
    Levin, Magnus
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Introduction. Corpus approaches to the language of sports: Texts, media, modalities2019Ingår i: Corpus Approaches to the Language of Sports / [ed] Callies, Marucs & Magnus Levin, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2019, s. 1-11Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 97.
    Carling, Gerd
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Lindell, Lenny
    Lund University.
    Ambrazaitis, Gilbert
    Lund University.
    Scandoromani: remnants of a mixed language2014Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 98.
    Chanson, Audrey
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Traduire les noms propres d'un site touristique: Anthroponymes, toponymes et référents culturels comme marqueurs des stratégies de traduction2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the translation from Swedish to French of « proper nouns » found on a tourism website. The source texts are a selection of webpages from askebyabbey.com, a website dedicated to the ruins of a Swedish Cistercian convent, as well as the transcript of a short 3D-video. The latter, named “datavisualization”, depicts a grouping of farms belonging to the monastery as it was in the mid-15th century.

    This analysis focuses on anthroponyms, toponyms and some cultural referents, and discusses the diverse methods which can be used to translate them, following a kind of typology elaborated  by Michel Ballard in 2001. The purposes of the website – bringing back to life a local and relatively forgotten history with the help of modern digital technics, presenting the actual results of historical and archeological research, and perhaps attracting new scholars interested by conducting historical research – strongly influence the style of the source texts and result in a blend of popular science and pedagogical repetitions, which is not typical of touristic discourse. These aims, sometimes contradictory, can be perceived in the manner the proper nouns are used and translated, in an effort to reach a balance between foreignization and domestication (as Venuti called those practices) in a target-oriented translation. The focus on proper nouns has also been a way to reflect on tendencies in the offered translation and on the difficulties in keeping a coherent strategy when the media for the target texts are of such different nature (written webpages and audio-recorded voice in a video).

  • 99.
    Charles, Maggie
    et al.
    Oxford University.
    Pecorari, DianeHunston, SusanBirmingham University.
    Academic writing: At the interface of corpus and discourse2009Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 100.
    Charles, Maggie
    et al.
    Oxford University.
    Pecorari, Diane
    Hunston, Susan
    Birmingham University.
    General Introduction2009Ingår i: Academic writing: At the interface of corpus and discourse / [ed] M. Charles, D. Pecorari & S. Hunston, London: Continuum, 2009, s. 1-10Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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