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  • 51.
    Ankarvik, Max
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Att köra eller inte köra: En studie av miljömedvetna bilisters dissonansreducerande- och identitetsupprätthållande strategier2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Att köra eller inte köra is a qualitative study aiming to show how environmentally conscious people who utilizes cars deal with their dissonant behavior, but at the sametime maintain an identity as environmentally conscious. The study is based on the fact that a third of those who drive cars in the municipality of Växjö would like to decrease their use of cars while at the same time having the infrastructural conditions to utilize other means of transportation. The study investigates inner obstacles in the form of habits and lifestyle, but also the different strategies the motorists use to reduce their cognitive dissonance and maintain a green identity. The indicators show that the reason the majority of the motorists continue to utilize cars is part due to inner obstacles (it's adeeply rooted habit, but also a big part of their lifestyles), part due to that the individuals have defenses for their use of their cars, defenses designed to have a dissonance reducing effect. The indicators also show that the motorists value their family higher than the environment, and in this way they can legitimize many of their car uses. The study finds hints suggesting that the motorists associate good parenting with using cars and therefore risk another type of dissonance linked to parenthood if they should stop using cars. The majority of the motorists in the study have grown up in a rural environment suggesting that the car is a big part of a norm system linked to the motorists' cultural background, which in it self could be an explanation for why the individuals associate good parenting with the use of cars.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Att köra eller inte köra
  • 52.
    Ankarvik, Max
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Hur skapas en journalist?: En biografisk studie på nyexaminerade journalister2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    The study - Hur skapas en journalist? - examines why so many people choose to turn tothe journalist profession when the conditions for a secure position on the labor market ispoor. The study also highlights how recently graduated journalist perceives their temporary and insecure position on the labor market.

    The study was performed trough ten biographical interviews with recently graduated journalists. Via the interviews I examined what has formed the individuals to perceive journalism as a rational or pragmatic choice for a career. The study shows that journalists, who come from families with high cultural capital, have been shaped by a particular culture of education, which focuses on education as a step towards selfrealization. The individuals have therefore taken career decisions among what they find developing. In the study, I found that the journalists have undergone two different types of life courses. There are the journalists who followed a more linear life course to the profession, and the ones who have undergone a more “crooked” life course. The linear life course is characterized by the fact that the individuals relatively early after highschool started to study journalism. These individuals, who followed the linear life course, have had a more straight forward way to the occupation mainly because of their social network. They have, through their social network, had the journalistic profession placed on their horizon of action because they either have parents who are journalists or because they have worked with the profession at some point. Those individuals whohave followed a crooked life course have not seen journalism as an obvious career choice, but the profession has progressively placed itself on their horizon of action because of past experiences. They have traveled, moved, worked and studied a variety of classes, mainly classes whit focus on languages and creative writing, before they started to study journalism. These past experiences have formed the individuals to perceive journalism as a pragmatic or rational career choice.

    I also find indications that the journalists who have undergone a more crooked life course find their insecure and temporary situation on the labor market less problematicthan the ones who have followed a linear life course. I suggest that the journalists whohave undergone a crooked life course have developed a higher tolerance towards a precarious and temporary situation on the labor market, their previous flexible life course have given rise to a higher tolerance of uncertainty. In other words, their pastlives has partly formed them to want to become journalists, but also made them more suitable for a temporary labor market.

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  • 53.
    Annie, Onemark
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Jämställdhet eller illusion?: En kvalitativ studie om strukturella och kulturella fenomen i jämställdhetsexperternas verklighet. 2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about experts in equality. These experts have extensive knowledge and the cultural and structural phenomena that effects individual’s way of looking at equality. European Gender Equality Index for the first decade of the twenty first century shows that equality is far from reaching its structural aim for equality.   

    The purpose of this study is to find out how cultural and structural phenomena effects equality in organisations, how the experts experience these phenomena and what role they play in the experts work for equality. The study is based on a qualitative approach and has given empirical material through seven interviews with experts. To best understand and present the empirical material I have chosen two theoretical perspectives to work with. Out of these theoretical perspectives four concepts: gender, norm, gender segregation and homochirality has been used to explain the findings.

    The result shows that historically inherited structural and cultural phenomena still control many parts of equality. The construction of equality is still portraited by men as the norm even though findings also show segregation within the female gender. Homosociality excludes women and gender is no longer only between men and women but between masculine and feminine. Findings also suggest that even the experts are questioned in their gender when implementing equality in organisations. This study has contributed with deeper insight into equality experts prerequisites to structural and cultural phenomena.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 54.
    Anschütz, Kristina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Cooperation of INGOs in times of humanitarian crises.: A case study from Rwanda.2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is looking at the cooperation between international NGOs within one particular humanitarian crisis, namely the genocide and following refugee crisis in Rwanda 1994. While researching the topic of NGO cooperation, it became clear that plenty research about NGO cooperation can be found whereas very little research exists concerning the cooperation of INGOs. Hence, the relevance to research this topic further stems from the assumption that cooperation is an important tool to organize humanitarian work more efficiently and should, therefore, be improved. The work at hand is a desk study and tries to answer whether cooperation exists and how it is pursued. A theoretical framework was created by combining a model of functions that civil society should fulfil with an inter-organizational knowledge sharing approach in order to elaborate on those questions. The used method is the case study approach. The history of Rwanda in 1994 was used as a setting for the study because it is one particularly well-researched topic and provides a good entry point to explore the field of INGO cooperation with other INGOs. In conclusion, the results show that cooperation exists and is pursued in different sectors. Successful cooperation does, however, always require the willingness to reduce competition and find compromises. The extent to which INGOs are doing so varies. In the future, more organizational documentation is needed to truly explore this topic in-depth. It should also be noted that serious problems were met in finding good sources of information from the INGOs involved in this study and that they did not actively reply to requests of supplying further information.

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  • 55.
    Areström, Filip
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    State-Sponsored Terrorism: The case of Pakistan2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to understand why Pakistan is not on the US State Departement's list of state sponsors of terrorism. This has been done via a theoretical case study that makes use of the US code to identify what makes a country qualify for the State Department's list. It also makes use of defensive realism to understand and see if any other factors could explain why Pakistan is not on the list. These theoretical frameworks have been applied to how the situation looks like in Pakistan and how the US has responded. After the framework has been applied this thesis draws the conclusions that Pakistan qualifies for the list but according to defensive realism the US has acted rationally when they have decided not to put Pakistan on the list. By adopting moderate strategies towards Pakistan, the US can avoid problematic situations and conflicts that could arise if Pakistan were to be appointed. This is especially important since Pakistan is located in a region with high tensions.

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  • 56.
    ARUA, CEASER
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Assessing the validity of microcredit impact studies in Uganda: Assessing the validity of microcredit impact studies in Uganda2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 40 poäng / 60 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    A number of developing countries including Uganda have of recent experienced tremendous growth of microfinance industry in financial and credit service provision. Microfinance development in developing countries and its’ impacts on the poor’s livelihood have been a central point of focus by academic community and development stakeholders. A number of actors like donors and government agencies have accredited microcredit as a program to help the poor improve their living conditions, fight extreme poverty and reduce the number of people living in absolutely lacking situations.

    The growth of microcredit schemes in Uganda has incited donors, government agencies, different microfinance institutions, individual and academia to measure the achievements of the program in relation to its’ different objectives. Despite the growing efforts and attention to measure microcredit impacts on livelihood transformation, less focus has been given to this scientific process of measuring program impacts. Ensuring credibility and validity is an important aspect that guarantees realistic representation and quality in scientific research when researchers seek to understand what has been achieved.

    It is upon the above background that this study established strong interest to understand and explore how different scientific research processes of impact evaluation relate to the quality of impact reports or outcomes measured. The study examines the main debate about microcredit impacts, this is aimed at providing necessary information required (epistemological benefit) to understand microcredit impacts within different perspectives of development. Different researchers’ background more specifically their academic qualifications, expertise, gender, institutions attached to and roles played during different impact studies is assessed by this study. The study looks at different methods of data collection, analysis employed by different microcredit impact studies and they impacted on different studies being assessed.

    The study uses text and systematic method of data and information analysis, different articles searched from Linnaeus University library website and other organizational reports got from different organizations databases, form set of data used in this study. A total of sixteen impact studies done in Uganda have been systematically reviewed. Conceptual framework in which validity is used as the main tool in the analytical discussion of study has been employed.

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    ARUA CEASER 2014 MASTER THESIS
  • 57.
    Arvedsen, Lærke
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    "We have whistles instead of guns": Nonviolent resistance in the 21st century2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Nonviolent resistance has been found to be more effective in bringing about societal and political transformation than violent insurgency.

    Nonviolent resistance as a nonconventional form of engagement in conflict, furthermore attracts more people, encourages diversity in participation, has the moral high ground and has positive longterm effects on a society, in terms of citizenship skills, civilian peace and democratisation. However, a discourse of militarism and violence can be said to dominate the world today. Macropolitical incompatibilities are often confronted with arms and violence, whether by political leaders or civilians.

    This thesis aspires to challenge this violent discourse, and encourage the move towards nonviolent approaches to confronting and circumventing power and authority, by exploring the mechanisms at work in nonviolent resistance movements, and attain a deeper understanding of which elements of nonviolent resistance movements may be supportive of achieving the aim of the collective action for change.

    The methodological approach is conducting a qualitative, deductive study within the framework of a structured, focused cross-case comparison of four nonviolent, anti-regime movements in the Middle East and North Africa, which have taken place in the 21st century.

    The findings reveal the ambiguous and context-dependent nature of most of the elements scrutinised for their operativeness, and yield suggestive tendencies of few - while they offer a nuanced insight into the dynamics within which these elements work in nonviolent conflict. This study explores the phenomenon of nonviolent resistance, provides an understanding of the complexity of the mechanisms and dynamics involved, and suggests the need for further research into nonviolent resistance, to improve the understanding and utilisation of it.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 58.
    Arvidsson, Christina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Empowerment of Women through a Colourful slum-project: A case of the slum-upgrading project in Kampung Tridi of Indonesia2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to evaluate if a slum-upgrading project in 2016 in Malang, Indonesia lead to empowerment of the women living in the neighbourhood. The study uses the concept of Empowerment by Naila Kabeer as a theoretical lens and focuses on women’s resources, agency and achievement after the project was carried out. The study was conducted as a Minor Field Study, which relied mainly on semi-structured interviews, which were complemented with personal observation. The respondents were selected purposively: meaning only those who participated in the painting project. The study findings are limited to the case explored and do not thus aim to a generalization on other projects in Indonesia. Findings are however informative for similar projects in similar contexts.

    The findings indicate that women were initially excluded from official decision-making during the project. In spite of this, however, the project enabled women to be more active in the economy to organize their own meetings and become responsible for the communal cleaning and events in the area. This participation led women to also have more to say in the community and they have been able to increase their savings and set goals for their families and children, which was impossible before the existence of the slum-upgrading in the area.

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  • 59.
    Asplund, Julia
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Magnusson, Petra
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Välkommen in! Eller?: En kvalitativ studie av förskolepersonals problematik att upprätthålla ett välfungerande arbetslag2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s kindergartens, there is a shortage of resources in terms of small working teams and lack of time. This problem has forced the working teams to hire new personnel and regroup themselves, compared to many other professions. This has created unstable working groups where the staff is replaced frequently. Therefore, it is of great importance that the new employees are integrated quickly to maintain a good spirit between co-workers. This sociological study intends to investigate new staff-member’s entry to these unstable work-teams, how to forge a well-functioning working-team and how it relates with the employee’s job satisfaction. The data in this research has been gathered through a qualitative research method, where interviews with kindergarten personnel were conducted concerning their own experiences. The result has uppermost been interpreted through Goffman’s dramaturgical perspective regarding how people act to get acceptance from co-workers and how they receive each other. Further the theory developed by Randall Collins concerning interaction rituals as well as the concept of socialization was used to understand the issue further. The result of the study indicates that high demands is placed on the staff, both on those who enter the work-teams as well as the existing personnel. It is of great importance that successful socialization is present in the working teams to be able to perform a good work together and enjoy the workplace. To be accepted in a work-team, application of social strategies is required. Mainly, its necessary to make an active adjustment concerning the workplace current norms and values. The social relations between co-workers is crucial for how the teams evolve which is due to the lack of structure in the kindergartens institutions.

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  • 60.
    Asterlund, Kent
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    The Gezi Protest: A study of different processes behind the mass mobilization2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    The Gezi Protest -A study of different processes behind the mass mobilization
  • 61.
    Aupeix Persson, Sophie
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Björnsson, Ellen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Att vara lagom: En studie om nyblivna mödrars relation till den egna kroppen efter en graviditet2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study intends to gain understanding of how mothers in the two first years postpartum feel about and relate themselves to the ideal of thinness. The empirical material is based on new mothers’ perceptions and experiences. The data is collected through a qualitative method based on interviews.

     

    The study is interpreted by a social constructive perspective and the theoretical framework has been objectification theory and Connell’s theory of gender. Some of the theoretical concepts we have used to understand the mothers’ experiences are “norms”, “normative femininity” and “social stigma”. We also have used the thematic concept “the social body”, which is an understanding of the body as a carrier of social meaning

     

    The results of the study show that new mothers have a problematic relation to their own bodies. This problematic approach to the body arises from the constant presence of the ideal of thinness and comments from the surroundings, as the norms of interpersonal relationships are modified during pregnancy and the postpartum period. The bodies of the new mothers become objectified by the comments from the surroundings and their bodies are therefore under social control.

     

    The ideal of thinness has a big impact on the new mothers’ body perception. We have therefore identified four strategies that the mothers use to manage the ideal: 1. With the help of clothes the new mothers precede the social pressure that the ideal of thinness generates by concealing their bodies that they experience does not comply with the ideal; 2. The new mothers adapt their bodies to the ideal by physical exercise; 3. The new mothers adapt their bodies to the ideal by diet; 4. The new mothers use cognitive strategies to feel more at ease with their postpartum bodies, by thinking kind thoughts about themselves and their own bodies. 

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  • 62.
    AUREOLES GEYMONAT, SOFIA
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    The other voice of Climate Change:A case study of community-based adaptivecapacities, through the analysis of activists’networks, building resilience, in South Africa2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of climate change has been in the debate, not only at the international level, but also locally, for decades. However, activists around the world have come together to raise their voices and address once and for all the environmental crisis that we are facing today. In that sense, the following research analysed the voices of activists, and their network, in South Africa. With the aim to understand the formation of community-based adaptive capacities in relation to climate change, in communities.

    This Thesis was conducted as a case study in Bloemfontein, South Africa. The study included five semi-structured interviews directed to activist from Bloemfontein, as well as, secondary data conformed by five interviews conducted to members of the eco-building project ‘Qala Pheland Tala. Start Living Green’, and story-telling videos. As well as, the employment of participant observation, as part of the methodology.

    The study looked at climate change adaptability and resilience in different communities, based on the resilience theory proposed by Carl Folke. And itaimed to understand the influence that the activists’ network is having incommunity-based adaptation strategies to climate change. Further, the results were categorized with the framework that suggests a Resilience Model, as a set of networked adaptive capacities, designed by Norris et al. (2007).

    The analysis of the results concluded that the link between the activists’network and the communities, has helped to build adaptive capacities and resilient societies. At the same time, it proved that we need new strategies of action towards climate change, that foresee regenerative societies.

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  • 63.
    Averin, Moa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    ”Duktig tjej” vs. ”dålig tjej”: Tjejer i relation till sex i ungdomslitteratur2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyze how sex effects young girls sense of identity as well as to see which norms there is about sex in relation to girls, which power it has over how they are able to act and still be accepted by their peers and the society. The material that was used consisted of four books that are marketed as ”for young adults” and in which sex was a major component of the stories. The method that was used for studying the books was a qualitative text analysis and the theoretic framework consisted of queer theory, with a main focus on the unstability of gender/sex and sexuality, performativity, the heterosexual matrix and heteronormativity.

    The analysis showed that all books compared the girls to traditional norms about how girls are ”supposed” to act. All while they contradict themselves by showing sides of female sexuality which go against the former understanding of girls and girls sexuality. The female sexuality plays a big part in how girls are understood, how their identity is created. At the same time as sex allows them to create their identity it also creates them and controls them. Beacuse as soon as they don’t conform to the norms they are understood as ”odd” and ”wrong”.

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  • 64.
    Avetisova, Anastasia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    The Ukraine crisis: A geopolitical power struggle between Russia and the US.2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine Russia’s and the US behaviors and actions in the Ukraine crisis in order to understand why the conflict resulted in a geopolitical power struggle. Since the current debate is filled with biased information and propaganda, this thesis aims to observe the behaviors and actions from both sides objectively to get a comprehensive understanding of their involvement in the crisis. It is a desk-study since the data is gathered from books and articles. It is qualitative due to the fact that it investigates this particular conflict by using several sources to gain an in-depth knowledge of a two-sided perspective. The method text analysis is used on four chosen articles that will be observed in order to find the underlying reasons of Russia’s and the US ongoing involvement in the crisis. It is an abductive reasoning whereas the theory offensive realism is used as the theoretical lens in order to highlight the most essential information of the chosen articles that will be examined. The three categories diplomacy, economy and military have been applied to outline Russia’s and the US underlying reasons of their behaviors and actions in the Ukraine crisis in order to answer the research questions. The result shows from an offensive realism perspective that Russia and the US are involved in the crisis due to their strategic interest to dominate the Black Sea Region for personal gains. It is shown that both states acted upon self-interest to gain more power and to lesser their rival’s power in order to hinder one another to become a territorial hegemon in the Black Sea Region. It is suggested that the outcome of the Ukraine crisis could have been different without their involvement. 

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    ba-thesis
  • 65.
    Awil, Qubane
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS). Awil.
    Decentralization in Response to Drought: A Case Study to Somalia2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Decentralization has been one of the most extensively accepted political strategies since the 1980s, especially when it comes to development administration complemented by the expansion of democratization at lower levels of government. It acts as a bottom-top of authority. A proponent of decentralization argues that decentralization strengthens democracy, good governance and accountability. It is more effective and closer to the people because power is delegated to the local authority. Opponents of decentralization beliefs that is difficult to coordinate many local governments and demanding financial and human capital. This paper lies under that debate and presents how decentralization responds to droughts as a case study to Somalia.  Somalia has been exercising a highly centralized administration for a long time but now changed the structure of the government and built up a federal member states where the administration is widely decentralized. To understand the effectiveness of the system to mitigate and prevent droughts, the study will look at two different scenarios of droughts that hit the country. One was the mid-1970s under highly centralized administration while the other drought hit the country 2011-2012 under the decentralized structure of governance. This comparison aims to see the impact and respond that each system showed. The result will help the country to redesign their future prevention strategy and minimize the vulnerability of the droughts. Because of drought is one of the most destructive environmental phenomena, doing enormous damage to humankind and the livelihoods.

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  • 66.
    Axman, Olof
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Sörensen, Stellan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Kulturellt kapital & Konsumtion: Betydelsen av ”hur” svenska studenter konsumerar 2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats gör ett inlägg i debatten om relationen mellan kulturell konsumtion, kulturella smakpreferenser och klass. Det aktuella fältet är väl beforskat, men det råder ingen konsensus kring relationen mellan dessa variabler. Att kulturell konsumtion är mönstrat av social ställning i samhället är en av de mest grundläggande insikterna i kultursociologi. Pierre Bourdieus Distinction: a social critique of the judgement of taste (1984) är ett centralt verk inom fältet. Med tiden har dock Bourdieus bild kommit att ifrågasättas av olika empiriska fynd. Ifrågasättandet kommer från bland annat Petersons (2005) myntande av den kulturella allätaren (the cultural omnivore). Vad som definierar den kulturella allätaren är en ökad bredd av kulturella preferenser och en vilja att blanda hierarkiska kulturella genregränser. Syftet var att fylla några av de luckor som beskrivits av annan forskning och söka hur det ser ut i en svensk studentkontext. Frågeställningarna uppsatsen sökte besvara var; hur ser relationen ut mellan kulturell konsumtion och klass bland svenska studenter; hur resonerar den kulturella allätaren kring sin breda smakpreferens; är särskiljning (distinction) bland kulturella allätare närvarande och hur ser den i så fall ut? Genom Exploratory sequential mixed-method genomfördes 10 intervjuer för att sedan utveckla en enkät som sökte generalisera några av de resultat som framkommit i intervjuerna. Resultatet pekar på att särskiljning främst tycks råda i hur man konsumerar kulturella produkter snarare än vad man konsumerar. Inga tydliga kopplingar mellan kulturellt kapital och konsumtionsmönster påvisades i enkäten. Intervjuerna påvisade dock en stark koppling mellan kulturellt kapital och hur något konsumeras, förstås och tas in.

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    Axman & Sörensen (2019) Kulturellt Kapital & Konsumtion
  • 67.
    Azuma, Godwin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Power Sharing during the Resolution of a Civil War.: A case study of the Disarmament, Demobilzation and Reintegration process in Cote d'Ivoire.2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Peace is the most expensive treasure societies can acquire. In conflict societies, immediate solutions are decided to bring peace in the societies by actors in the societies or by third actors. Power sharing is mostly considered by some scholars as the ultimate solution to bring peace. However, the implementation of power sharing in African countries is appraised and at the same time is contested by various scholars. This case study on Côte d’Ivoire and its peace agreements signed aim to help to understand the role of power sharing in the violent conflicts Côte d’Ivoire experienced between 2002 and 2010 with more than 3000 life lost. The case study will also help understand the failure of Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration process in peacebuilding especially in the organization of the presidential election of October 2010 in the case of Côte d’Ivoire. This thesis study aims to introduce the reader to discussions about peace agreements, peacebuilding, and critically analyzing power-sharing government, the implementation of Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration to show the gaps between them. The methodology of the thesis and the structure of the thesis provided a specific relationship between the theory of power-sharing, the method and the analysis of the thesis findings. The abductive analysis provided the understanding of the relationship between Disarmament, Demobilization, Reintegration process, and peacebuilding. By using different articles and readings on power-sharing, the process of Disarmament, Demobilization, Reintegration describing the crisis in Côte d’Ivoire, the thesis provided a critical approach to understand power-sharing implementation and Disarmament, Demobilization, Reintegration process to build peace in Côte d’Ivoire. As result, the study demonstrated that Disarmament, Demobilization, Reintegration process needs to be applied first before elections for long term peacebuilding. Hence the thesis suggested the need for more systematic research in the area of Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration to strengthen peace management during peace processes.

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    fulltext
  • 68.
    Babic, Njegoslav
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Vakter mellan polis och krögare: en studie om förutsättningar för vakters arbete2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 69.
    Bach, carina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS). Kvinna.
    The Construction of Refugees in News Headlines: A Critical Discourse Analysis on Rohingya Refugees in Malaysia and Thailand2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    As news coverage regarding refugees have increased in the past decades, the media representation of refugees in the host countries tend to more or less portray them as national security risk. This study questions the differences between the news discourses in main recipient countries and the less recipient countries asking what factors determine the portrayal. This study seeks to fill the already existing field of research on media representation on Rohingya as available research is conducted on main recipient countries, Myanmar and Bangladesh. The countries chosen for this study are Malaysia and Thailand as they are considered third point of exit countries, they are in same region and as each country has same religious belief as either Myanmar or the Rohingya. Thus, the objective of the study is to understand how the news discourse in Malaysia and Thailand present their ideological perspectives on Rohingya in a subtle way to influence the opinion of the general public. Furthermore, it seeks to reveal how language is used in news reports to frame Rohingya and the underlying factors in which determines the approach of their news reporting. To answer the objective, this research analyses in total 40 news headlines by using the method of Critical Discourse Analysis. Moreover, the results indicate that the news discourse in Malaysia predominantly reports on the Rohingya emphatically and portrays them as active actors in the crisis doing anything to survive the Myanmar violence. The situation of Rohingya is also emphasized in the news discourse in Thailand, though not to same extent as in Malaysia. Thailand rather reports on the crisis itself and how the other actors involved urge and criticize one another. Furthermore, this study demonstrates that portrayal of Rohingya differs depending on who they are to the affected country as well as the international political relationship between the countries affected.

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    fulltext
  • 70.
    Backlund, Sandra
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Ecuadorian indigenous youth and identities: cultural homogenization or indigenous vindication?2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    There exists a scholarly debate on the cultural impact of globalization and how and to what extent it is affecting indigenous people in particular. Three theoretical standpoints can be discerned from the debate; the homogenization-perspective which holds that globalization is making world cultures more similar, the hybridization-perspective which emphasizes that it is fragmenting cultural boundaries and the differentiation-perspective which implies that globalization is augmenting differences and making humanity as a whole more diverse. As regards the cultural impact of globalization on indigenous peoples, many question marks can be raised. The objective of this research is to contribute to the debate by bringing to light the perspective of the indigenous movement in Ecuador, CONAIE. An analysis is made on how they perceive globalization affecting the maintenance of indigenous identities and culture among today’s youth. That information is then used as a foundation to analyze CONAIE’s level of success regarding their main objective; to preserve Ecuador’s indigenous nationalities and peoples. The study, which has a qualitative ethnographic approach and is based on semi-structured interviews, was carried out during an eight weeks long field study in Quito and in San Pedro de Escaleras, Cuenca, Ecuador. The research has an abductive approach and the theoretical debate on globalization’s cultural impact on indigenous peoples sets the analytical frame of the study. The three theoretical standpoints; globalization as homogenization, globalization as differentiation and globalization as hybridization play central roles in the analysis of the empirical material.

    The findings show that there are many elements that obstruct the maintenance of indigenous culture and identity among youth in contemporary Ecuador. There is a connection between youth being exposed to cultural globalization and that they lose cultural characteristics for the indigenous identity. Hybridization of identities due to globalization is presented as a possible factor to play a role in this. Indigenous youth tend to drop characteristics for the indigenous identity as they adopt features from the mestizo culture, in case they see no benefit in maintaining the former. This indicates that what ultimately might be at stake is cultural homogenization. Light is also shed on that CONAIE lacks strategies and possibilities to reinforce the indigenous identity among the youth that is in a process of identity change. The findings thus point at that despite efforts for cultural revival by the indigenous movement in Ecuador, the maintenance of rigid frontiers between the ethnically diverse nationalities in the country is threatened. Seen to a larger picture, this implies that globalization’s impact on indigenous culture among youth is very difficult to counteract. It appears as if the move towards more cultural similarity in Ecuador cannot be hindered.

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    fulltext
  • 71.
    Basic, Nirvana
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Mahmutovic, Emina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Kampen om att ta sig in på den svenska arbetsmarknaden: En studie om bosniska kvinnors väg in på arbetsmarknaden2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 72.
    Bayen Bessem, Priscilia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    The Effects of Female Genital Mutilation in Cameroon: Case Study: Ejagham Community of Eyumojock sub-division2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Female genital mutilation and circumcision (FGM/C) is an expression that describes social and traditional actions performed for the removal of the clitoris and inner lips; labia minora as well as part of the outer lips; labia majora. The research has addressed the effects of this action on women in Ejagham community of the Southwest region of Cameroon. The study focuses on effects revealed during the research, including voices of the women who had undergone FGM/C, excisors recount, violence against women physical, psychological, social, and sexual effects.

     In traditional African societies, cultural values should be upheld with dignity to humankind. Our traditional practices too, need to give honour to our bodies. Therefore, opinions from different groups within the Ejagham community are revealed in the discussion. More so, the study also found out that FGM/C was a practice performed on the girls and women on the cultural and traditional beliefs that the process signifies a rite of passage from girl to womanhood.  The process caused pain and violated the right of the young girls. The findings revealed that there are divided opinions on FGM/C within the community. Custodians of the Ejagham tradition that are in favour of the practice are conflicting with those who are against the practice on medical and human right justifications.  These different platforms play a prominent role in the various perceptions held by the people. A significant segment of the Ejagham community, together with some representatives of the international community, NGOs and the government of Cameroon are involved in efforts to bring about change in the community by eliminating the tradition through community-based awareness programs. These programs that are accessible by everybody has empowered people in the community with knowledge on the subject and provided the necessary resources that will help in eliminating the practice. The efforts have initiated a changing climate in the community; however, this does not yet mean that the tradition has been abolished.

    The paper shall also discuss the traditional and cultural reasons for the practice of FGM in Cameroon. The author will state International instruments, Conventions, the National laws, Action plan that is to eliminate or lead to the abandonment of FGM practices in Cameroon.  The paper will conclude with suitable suggestions to eradicate the practice of FGM/C, which is against Human Rights. Keywords: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting, Human Rights, Ejagham, Community, Cameroon  

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    fulltext
  • 73.
    Beal, Eva
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    "L'eau c'est la vie": Seeking Sustainable Water Access and Community Participation in Rural Cameroon2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 40 poäng / 60 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In the rural water scheme projects across sub-Saharan Africa, the participatory Community Based Management model has become the norm. Through initial financing by oustide funders, the goal is for communities to independently take on the financing of the operation and maintenance (O&M) of the improved water schemes, thereby ensuring sustainability and functionality of the pumps. Evidence has been gathering, however that this model, combining ideals of collective action with the logics of commodification, has been frequently failing, one in three hand pumps in Africa are out of function, and communities struggle to meet the financing needs of O&M in infrastructures which perpetuate isolation. This, however, does not lie fully in the fault of the communities, or implementation, but also in theoretical downfalls of the CBM. Looking at a community-based rural project in the Tikar region of Central Cameroon as well, this research reveals the limits of CBM to achieving sustainable water access, as well as reveal new angles and paradigms to pursue.

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    fulltext
  • 74.
    Bedin, Stephanie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Migration as an individual resilience strategy: A contextualized understanding of adult resilience dynamics in relation to migration2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Migration is one of the most current political issues of our time, and due to the large-scale mobility of people, impacts of migration are of great interest. Suitably the second decade of the twenty-first century has seen an increased stray of literature combining migration and individual resilience in research. However, such research has been one-sided and viewed migration in a negative relation to individual resilience. The purpose of this dissertation is to introduce a positive perspective of migration to individual resilience, by investigating if migration can be considered an individual resilience strategy, meaning a process that contributes to the capacity of an individual to regain or improve one’s well-being when facing a crisis or disturbance, by recognizing how a new setting meets individual goals and aspirations. For that purpose, a qualitative approach conducted through person-centered interviews of six voluntary immigrants in Sweden from non-western countries is conducted. The immigrants in this study are regarded as voluntary migrants, and although being a blurred category, voluntary in this research include moving away from a hostile and dangerous environment by choice. A complementary method used during interviews is a Cantril ladder to perceive a general understanding of how the well-being of the six immigrants changed over the ten years of consideration in this study. The findings suggest that migration can be considered a resilience strategy, not only as a process that protects against harm but one that contributes to goal attainment. The analysis conducted according to the process-oriented resilience framework presented by Liebenberg, Joubert, and Foucalt (2017) suggests that migration enabled a positive interaction of nurturing relationships, education, and a strong ability to act while remaining positive, in a context where one shares values, which resulted in improved or regained well-being. The former mentioned interaction was allowed by the new setting where a safe and secure environment, along with a changed community meaningmaking framework, including a different set of resources and opportunities, enabled goal attainment. 

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    Bachelor thesis stephanie bedin
  • 75.
    Beka, Ardita
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    En intervjustudie om de olika faktorerna som får socialsekreterarna till att stanna kvar på deras arbetsplatser 2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In many different national and international studies, the social workers work environment is characterized by quite high workload and stressful situations. In most studies, attention has been focused on the various negative work environment factors that have contributed to the fact that many social workers have chosen to switch jobs. In my study, I have instead chosen to investigate the factors that have contributed to the social workers having chosen to stay in their workplaces. In order to achieve the purpose of my survey, I have chosen to conduct semi-structured interviews. I have interviewed nine social secretaries in total. The interviews have been conducted at an office in the Social Administration. The concepts and theories that I have chosen to use in my study are Lipskys (2010) theory about street- level bureaucrats and Antonovskys KASAM theory. The result of the study shows that all informants are comfortable at their workplace. At the same time, it appears that colleagues are one of the most important factors that, according to the social workers, help to stay in the workplace. The study also shows that the informants sometimes experience quite a high amount of workload and workload, but the positive work environment factors contribute to the fact that they remain stubborn at times. The most important factors for ensuring that the social workers are comfortable in the workplace appears to be a clear work roll, support from both colleagues and management, the ability to develop skills and less administrative work.

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    fulltext
  • 76.
    Bendroth, Karl
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Swedish Development Assistance Policy 1990- 2012: How has it changed?2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    It has gone more than 50 years since Sweden officially started organizing and giving development assistance to needing countries. There have been many different Governments with differences in both ideological background and political aim during that time, not only in Sweden but also internationally. How much has circumstances and the different rule affected the Swedish development assistance policies? To answer that question has been the main aim for this thesis.

    In my study I have focused on the last 22 years, as from 1990 until 2012, and studied one budget proposition for development assistance per Government.  I have also studied some of the most important steering documents, important events and international decisions that have affected the Swedish development policies. Since the budget propositions show the ambitions of the Governments it is also their policies. It is these policies that I will analyze using the two variables: size of the aid, and the goal for the aid. The analysis is has been done using Nikolaos Zahariadis policy theory The Multiple Streams Framework.

    My study shows that the policies that were adopted 50 years ago still have a large, if not settling, impact on today’s policies. The main goal for the development assistance today only differs on a few words from what was written in proposition 1962:100. The economic goal which is one of the most fundamental parts of today’s development assistance, that one percent of Sweden’s GDP should go to international aid, was first decided in 1968.

    Finally, I have concluded that both the way the goal of the development assistance has been formulated and how extensive the frame of funding for development assistance has been, haven’t always percental been followed with how much money that have been spent on the budget point development work.

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    Swedish Development Assistance Policy 1990- 2012
  • 77.
    Bennett, Juliana
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Bens, Ulrike Luise
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Bridging the Gaps: A Field Study on the Impact of Societal Gaps on Livelihoods in Lichinga Municipality, Mozambique2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study was performed in the spring of 2016 in the Lichinga municipality in northern Mozambique, as a part of the Master Programme in Peace and Development Work at Linnaeus University in Växjo, Sweden. The agricultural dynamics within Mozambique point to the need for this sector to be the cornerstone of development, since 80% of the population is employed in the agricultural sector yet only making up a quarter of the country’s GDP. The existing disparity of growth experienced by urban, semi-urban, and rural areas creates a need to inspect the nation’s agricultural strategy PEDSA; which prioritizes areas with the most potential for commercialization of the industry. Thus, a far overdue need for the involvement of participatory processes as well as need for a focus on the local level provokes the importance of looking at the possibilities and challenges for households in Lichinga Municipality to improve their livelihoods. The aim with this qualitative research is to present a holistic view of Mozambican society to identify possible gaps that are influencing households, with the use of the Carney (1998) Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Framework. Throughout this study it was evident that several obstacles exist for achieving sustainable development. In particular the most rural households struggle to gain access to basic infrastructure, health, and education – all services intended to be provided by the public sector. The reason for this gap in services is in the overarching structures and policies, such as decentralization and agricultural strategies, both past and current. The overall wellbeing of households is affected by their requirement for constant prioritization of immediate needs. This hinders sustainable development within households and on a national level, due to the amount of the population living this reality. 

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    fulltext
  • 78.
    Bergendorff, Robert
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Vem representerar dig nu?: En kvalitativ studie över hur IF Metall som organisation har påverkats av avkorporativiseringen.2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Corporative arrangements have a history in Sweden that can be dated back since the beginning of the 20th century. The public feelings of mistrust against the political system and those in charge of it grew. In order to implement politics, politicians need to be community oriented and based to better serve and affect the general public. As a response to this the corporative arrangements and boards that consisted of laymen were implemented. Throughout the years there have been signs of the decline in corporatism. A loss of representation in different boards in regards to companies and organizations have changed how the committees view and work with reports. At the same time that organisations lost some of their representation, the use of consultants and lobbyists increased. This has highlighted the question, what other ways do organizations today take in order to affect political decisions?

     

    The topic of this essay is how one organization in particular the union of IF Metall works with these issues. It will demonstrate if and how they have been affected by the decline of corporatism. This topic will also cover what approach they use to affect the political decisions today. Based on previous studies on the matter, I have conducted interviews with two organizations in order to gain deeper knowledge of how this has affected them. One of them being the union IF Metall which is the focus of this study, as well as the Swedish Trade Union Organisation, LO, hence IF Metall constitutes a part of the federation that is LO.

     

    The result of my studies concluded that the signs of the decline of corporatism are valid.  It has in some ways affected the organisations, but not to that extent as some scientists might have assumed. The organisations themselves have no wish to go back to the corporative arrangements in order to gain the representation they once had. Instead they point to another issue that have affected them with much wider implications, which is the change of government that occurred in Sweden 2006.

  • 79.
    Berglund, Nelum
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Jag kan, jag vill och jag tar ansvar: En observationsstudie om medarbetarskap2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Title: I can, I want and I take responsibility.

    Author: Nelum Berglund

    In my quantitative study in the spring of 2016, entitled ”Employeeship - what is it?”, it was shown that goal orientation and following guidelines, rules, policies and safety routines at the work place are some factors that effects the employeeship. Those who felt that working com- munity and cooperation are important parts of the employeeship were relatively few. There- fore, the purpose of this study became to investigate the employeeship with particular focus on which role working community and cooperation have in this process. The main focus of my study was to investigate which meaning community and cooperation have on development of employeeship and how employeeship is experienced by employees and managers at Vårdia.

    The study was performed as a case study were I used an open partially participation observat- ion as a data collection method. The empirical part of the survey was directed to a total of 37 individuals, of which one was a cheif exeutive officer, six managers and 30 employees. A total of 35 people were observed. Power to act, ability to communicate, cooperativeness, self- determination and occupational responsibility are the key factors in employeeship.

    The will to communicate is highly dependent upon the ability to communicate and the mana- gements power to act. When the ability to communicate is lacking, the willingness to cooperate and to take responsbility beyond what is their duty due to their proffession also vanishes according to the participants. The will to cooperate was increased when the indi- viduals could communicate in a constructive manner. How the cooperation restricts or enables the employeeship is entirely dependent on which ability the organisation has to create effici- ent forms for cooperation, common goals and the indivuduals ability to broaden or change their view of their roles as employees in the organisation.

    Key words: Employeeship, Employee, Organization, Community, Cooperation. 

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    fulltext
  • 80.
    Bergström, Clara
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    "Den sexualiteten som inte syns, den gör vi inte så mycket med": - En undersökning av sexualitetens utrymme i myndighetsutövningen kring LSS och personlig assistans2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande uppsats baseras på kvalitativa intervjuer med sex LSS-handläggare inom Försäkringskassan och på kommunal nivå med syfte att undersöka sexualitetens utrymme och uttryck inom myndighetsutövningen kring LSS och personlig assistans. Genom ett crip- och queerteoretiskt ramverk undersöker jag på vilka premisser assistansanvändares sexuella liv och subjektsskapande tas i beaktning och kan främjas inom LSS- utredningarna. Empirin visar att sexualitetens utrymme inom dessa utredningar är mycket begränsat, sett till både lagstiftningens utformning, innehållet i myndigheternas vägledande dokument och efterfrågan från individer att ta dessa frågor i beaktning. Handläggarna betraktar således sexualitetens utrymme inom LSS som en icke-fråga, trots att tidigare forskning visar på att det råder ett strukturellt förtryck där sexualiteten hos personer med normbrytande funktionalitet osynliggörs. Utrymmet begränsas vidare genom att om sexualiteten hos personer med normbrytande funktionsvariationer väl ska göras någorlunda begriplig så begränsas den till en heteronormativ och kognitivt normfungerande kontext. Handläggarna målar upp en bild av en sexuell hierarki där den sexualiteten hos personer med funktionsvariationer som är privat, heteronormativ och kognitivt medveten placeras högst upp, medan den som är offentlig, icke-heteronormativ och kognitivt funktionsvarierad placeras nederst. Den funktionsvarierade sexualitetens existens och möjligheter till att främjas sker således på helt andra premisser än den funktionsfullkomliges.

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    "Den sexualiteten som inte syns, den gör vi inte så mycket med" - Clara Bergström
  • 81.
    Bernhardsson, Ida
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Luzha, Ilda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    En bro mellan två världar: En kvalitativ studie om relationen mellan internationella och lokala studenter inom Buddyprogrammet2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Linnaeus University in Växjö attracts hundreds of international students from all over the world on a yearly basis. Previous research have investigated international students’ experiences during their studies abroad. However, there is a lack of research examining the aspects of both international- and local students. There is a Buddy program at the Linnaeus University that aims to promote a relationship between local- and international students, which opens up a research gap. Therefore, the main purpose with the study is to investigate the relationship between international and local students, and if there is an elevated level of interaction between the students that voluntarily are active in the Buddy program. The purspose is also to investigate how the participants experience the Buddy program’s work towards promoting a relationship between them. The study follows a qualitative approach for collecting empirical material. A total of twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted, six with local students and six with international students. The empirical material was analyzed with the help of Norbert Elias and John L. Scotson's Theory of Established and Outsiders as well as previous research within the field. The results of this study indicate that there is a division between international and local students even if they voluntarily have chosen to participate in the program that aims to promote a relationship between them. The relationship between the groups lies within the norms and social cohesion, where the groups established and outsider change depending on the context. The results also show that the students have negative experiences of their participation in the Buddy program as both international- and local students experience some kind of exclusion.

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    En bro mellan två världar
  • 82.
    Bertram, Josefine
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    What about the victims?: - A study to see if empowerment is part of the support and protection that EU aims to give the victims of human trafficking2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study was carried out in order to get an understanding on how the victims of human trafficking are taken care of in the EU and if the union’s ambition open up for the victim’s empowerment and thereafter also decreases the risk of the survivors to be utilized again in the same or different way. The idea derives from EU’s focus on establishing minimum standards that shall protect and support victims of human trafficking. Through a thematic text analysis where John Friedmann’s disempowerment model was applied, the ambition was to answer the research questions how does the EU work in order to protect and support the victims of human trafficking and does this effort open up for the possibility of the victims to take control over their own lives and livelihood; i.e. being empowered. The result shows that EU’s work to protect and support victims of human trafficking open up for the possibility for the victims to take control over their lives – but that there needs to be similar studies of other actors and agencies in order to see if the work is comprehensive enough and supplements what EU can do. 

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    What about the victims?
  • 83.
    Bianchi, Federico
    et al.
    Univ Brescia, Italy.
    Francisco, Grimaldo
    Univ Valencia, Spain.
    Bravo, Giangiacomo
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Flaminio, Squazzoni
    Univ Brescia, Italy.
    The peer review game: an agent-based model of scientists facing resource constraints and institutional pressures2018Ingår i: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 116, nr 3, s. 1401-1420Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper looks at peer review as a cooperation dilemma through a game-theory framework. We built an agent-based model to estimate how much the quality of peer review is influenced by different resource allocation strategies followed by scientists dealing with multiple tasks, i.e., publishing and reviewing. We assumed that scientists were sensitive to acceptance or rejection of their manuscripts and the fairness of peer review to which they were exposed before reviewing. We also assumed that they could be realistic or excessively over-confident about the quality of their manuscripts when reviewing. Furthermore, we assumed they could be sensitive to competitive pressures provided by the institutional context in which they were embedded. Results showed that the bias and quality of publications greatly depend on reviewer motivations but also that context pressures can have a negative effect. However, while excessive competition can be detrimental to minimising publication bias, a certain level of competition is instrumental to ensure the high quality of publication especially when scientists accept reviewing for reciprocity motives.

  • 84.
    Birath, Josephine
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Olofsson, Tove
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Att klä sig rätt: En studie om normers reglering av unga kvinnors klädkonsumtion2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender, age and appearance are examples of factors that affect individuals' identity. Consumption of clothing is therefore a key element that makes people a part of society and its development. A correct type of clothing consumption is needed to remain part of a community, both among friends and in society, in order not to risk deviating. What is considered right, and wrong way of consuming is regulated by different social norms and processes. Historically, consumption and appearance have been more important for women than for men. In order to successfully demonstrate their status, class and identity, women are expected to relate to certain types of norms and consume clothes in a certain way. The aim is therefore to provide further understanding of what norms and social processes that regulate Swedish women between the ages of 20–27 in their clothing consumption.

    Due to the thematic width shown in the study’s empirical data, several different theoretical concepts and theories are used, mainly Goffman’s analysis method and identity along with gender as a theoretical concept. The study is based on ten semi-structured interviews with women from central and southern Sweden. The outcome shows four norms and social processes that regulate young women’s clothing consumption. These are society's norms on the female body, the impact of social debate, age influence on their clothing style and the importance of friend’s opinions. The main conclusion is that all women adhere to these four norms and social processes when they consume clothes and that partially happens unconsciously.

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    fulltext
  • 85.
    Bjurman, Emilia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    The feminist behind the veil: Experiences of Muslim women in Sweden2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This research builds upon Islamic feminism as an alternative mean to the typical Western way of perceiving feminism, when looking into the situation of Muslim women in Sweden through a qualitative field study. Moreover, this is linked to the discussion of gender equality and diversity which is on the agenda in the West due to contemporary migration flows. Semi-structured interviews are conducted for the purpose of highlighting Muslim women's own religious and cultural experiences concerning identity, freedom and gender roles, which are later connected to the academic debate regarding women in Islam and Islamic feminism. Additionally, interpretations of often discussed verses from the Qur'an on this topic are made during the interviews, also connected to the core of this research which is to explore the possibility of an identity formation with feminism and Islam coexisting among the interviewed women in Sweden, constituting the research gap. Hayward's theory of de-facing power is further applied to the findings and examples illustrate a tension between the different value systems when comparing the women's earlier experiences to current ones in Sweden, but that feminist understandings are visible and practiced to some extent. Summarized remarks include that further research is necessary and particularly with more interviewees which would enable more of a generalization, yet underlining that the situation among and for Muslim women differs. Nevertheless, it is through facilitating to meet each other and involve women in the society it is possible to achieve progress of a mutual understanding. 

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    fulltext
  • 86.
    Bjärterot Lundqvist, Christel
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Arbetsrelaterad stress hos sjuksköterskor2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject: Stressrelated illness is highlighted as a social problem in public debates. According to reports, it has been found that there is considerably greater risk to becoming ill from stress on female-dominated workplaces such as in healthcare. As this problem continues to increase, this has created an interest to investigate what one experiences creating occupational stress and whether it distinguishes between male or female nurses.

    Aim: The purpose of the study is to create an understanding of how female and male nurses experience stressrelated illness at their workplace.

    Method: This study was conducted through interviews of five male and five female nurses at the same emergency care clinic. The purpose of the choice of a qualitative method is to have the opportunity to deepen the information’s answers.

    Theory: Based on previous research, a model was established in studies of stress at work. This model is called job demands, control and support and was developed by Karasek, Theorell and Johnson. Their theory says that if there is a balance between demands and control negative stress is not experienced as strongly. But if there is no balance between demand and control, social support at work can weigh up some. In order to compare differences between men and women, gender is a social structure and not just gender of male/female. The social structure is multidimensional where for example identity, work, power and personal qualities are included.

    Conclusion: The summary of my conclusions is that, according to these respondents, there are some differences between men and women. If they experience demands, control and support in their work, they usually do not experience a work-related stress regardless of gender. But the difference is that the factors that they perceive as important for feeling a balance are not the same whether it is a woman or a man.

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    fulltext
  • 87.
    Björk, Adina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Co-ordinating HIV/AIDS strategies: The case of NGO`s and other development actors in Zambia2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    There have been many different efforts done to design coordination models for aid, but less research has been focusing on the efficiency and function of these implementation policies. Both the Paris Declaration and the Sector-Wide Approach has been launched with the purpose to improve countries aid coordination strategies. This by a joint cooperation between development actors at different levels of society, locally, nationally and internationally. This thesis aims to investigate what NGO`s, private businesses and the Zambian state are practically doing, through the methodological framework of a qualitative desk study. Focus will also be on Zambia`s aid coordination strategies within the health sector, and specially towards HIV/AIDS. This through a broad perspective, from the global policies which includes international donors, to the local level such as NGO`s (Sundewall, 2009).vThis paper aims to problematize the question of how development actors coordinate aid towards the health sector, to address the HIV&AIDS issue in Zambia. This by using social constructivist view, text analysis and two main analytical approaches. The community mobilization and the top-down & bottom up will be used as analysing tools, by an abductive approach (Klotz & Lynch, 2014; Campbell & Cornish, 2010; Fraser et al; 2005). Overall results provide information about two sides of argument of aid coordination. Some researchers argue for the negative impact of aid, through ineffective coordination through the existing fund mechanisms, like the current parallel funding within the health sector. These funds for HIV/AIDS are channelled separately through the National AIDS Council. However, others argue for the importance of aid to improve local community participation (Sundewall, 2009). Since the year of 2007 when Zambia adopted new aid policies by formulate the joint assistance strategy for Zambia JASZ, the country has had the structure to be able to follow the Paris declaration strategies from 2005. However, in practice the country still has overall improvements to do, since four of the indicators recorded a setback, while eight other targets showed a positive progress, but still need improvements (Leiderer, 2015).  

     

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    fulltext
  • 88.
    Blom, Izabelle
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Facing reality of coffee producing farmers in northern Nicaragua: – A field study on the effects of the development program FondeAgro.2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    In 2001 a development program named FondeAgro was implemented in the northern region of Nicaragua with the aim to reduce poverty by rural development. During a ten-year period peasants in the departments of Jinotega and Matagalpa received expert assistance on farming in order to improve their livelihoods and create sustainable businesses as small- and medium- scale peasants.

    This study aims to present the reality of coffee producing farmers who participated in FondeAgro, ending in 2011. Research is made on if and how farmers continue with methods learned during the program and its effects on production- and livelihood development. Existing reports present the implementation of the program and farmers’ abilities to adapt and work with new methods, though this stretches only until the end of the program, 2011. Accordingly, there is no information on how farmers’ lives appear after the program’s end, why this research is carried through.

    A field study was conducted in the municipality El Cúa, department of Jinotega in northern Nicaragua in 2012. In order to visualize the complex pattern of poverty, access to or lack of capital assets the sustainable livelihoods framework is used for analysis. To further elucidate the effects of the development program and attainment of goals, a manual on development interventions by Sida is used as well.

    The conclusion of this research on the development program FondeAgro is that the effects of the program are positive and negative, differing mainly depending on farmers being small- or medium-scale producers. Many farmers have improved their livelihoods through their participation in FondeAgro but for some farmers there is no change to previous life situation. What seems to be decisive in order to continue with methods learned is what type of assistance that has been given to each farmer during the program years as well as possibilities to participate in cooperatives. The methods used to achieve the objectives of the program have not given the results hoped for and many farmers are still facing a future in severe poverty

    Keywords: Nicaragua, FondeAgro, agriculture, farmers, livelihoods, intervention 

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    fulltext
  • 89.
    Blomberg, Moa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Médecins Sans Frontières and Private Donors: A qualitative case study on dependence and efficiency in NGO – donor relationships2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) play an increasingly important role in the world and receive a growing amount of outsourced development work. Funding enables them to do the work necessary to provide aid. NGO work is influenced by the dependence on their donors and many NGOs increasingly take donations from private donors as a way to try to mitigate donor dependence and maintain neutrality in their work. However there is little research analysing this shift and the potential positive and negative effects.

    This study looks at dependence and efficiency in an NGO - private donor relationship. The objective is to contribute to the discussion about NGO dependency on donors by evaluating the positive and negative impacts of primarily private donorship on NGOs’ work efficiency. Little research has been done on the private donor relationship and this study is contributing to filling that gap.

    The study is a qualitative case study, with Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) due to their private donor base’s recent increase. The data were obtained through interviews with MSF Sweden staff, other MSF primary source documents and secondary sources written by scholars on the topic of NGO dependency on their donors.

    The results of this study concluded that MSF works more efficiently with a primarily private donor base, due primarily to their increase in independence and control of their own operations. Since the shift from EU-funding, MSF can spend fewer resources on reporting and more on allocating the money to the field. A primarily private donor base has a positive impact on MSF and it is safe to say that other NGOs will likely follow suit. Further research should look into other NGOs to see whether a primarily private donor base benefits them too or if MSF is a one case exception.

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    Médecins Sans Frontières and Private Donors: A qualitative case study on dependence and efficiency in NGO – donor relationships
  • 90.
    Bogren, Jonas
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Carpinisan, Anca
    Förändringsledningens betydelse vid implementering av automatiseringsprocesser: Managementmodeller, nödvändigt eller avgörande för att lyckas med förändringsarbetet?2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The importance of transition management during implementations of automised

    processes: Management models, are they crucial for the successful implementation of

    organizational change?

    Authors: Anca Carpinisan & Jonas Bogren

    Transition management is very common within companies, mostly because development

    and change is an ongoing process. Transition management has become increasingly

    important when companies are developing, especially when they are implementing

    process automation. The insurance industry is facing a very interesting future because

    they have a lot of room for process automation.

    The main pupose of this study is to gain knowledge and understanding of

    how transition management works and what makes it successful when implementing

    process automation. This study was made at an insurance company in Sweden. In order

    to best answer the questions in this study we have used a qualitative research strategy

    with an inductive approach. The data has been collected through nine semi-structured

    interviews from project managers. The empirical data and the theories helps us produce

    the results. John P. Kotter’s eight-step model is used to clarify which parts of this method

    that need to be used to have a successful change of process. Theories about

    communication and motivation are also used to better understand the transition

    management process.

    The findings of this study tell us that not all of the eight steps in John P.

    Kotter´s model are necessary in order to have a successful transition management

    process. We found that the team, authority and mandate as well as motivation are the key

    factors that determine how successful transition managements are when implementing

    process automation. The success of a transition management process has more to do with

    human psychology and conviction of the employees regarding the benefits of

    implementing it, rather than following a strict management model.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 91.
    Bojic, Merima
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Mångfald i arbetslivet: En kombinerad kvantitativ och kvalitativ studie om hur organisationer hanterar mångfaldsarbete2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a quantitative study combined with qualitative method that has a sociological perspective where I researched how organizations deal with diversity in the workplace. The purpose of this study is to research how companies manage diversity and people with foreign backgrounds are represented at all levels within the company. The study is based on a statistical method, in combination with document study. The theoretical starting point for the study is based on two large main areas of study: recruitment and diversity, but also discrimination takes too much space in the paper. The study shows that organizations are working on ways to promote and maintain diversity. The larger organizations where resources and expertise in diversity and discrimination are more successful at recruiting in diversity. The result shows that there are flaws in all organizations surveyed in this study , the management of diversity and that all organizations need to become better at managing , safeguarding and promoting diversity by recruiting employees with different ethnicities and backgrounds. Furthermore, the results show that the organizations studied have to get a higher number of employees with different ethnicity and have better gender balance within the different professions. The study does not concern different career paths, but focuses exclusively on workforce diversity regarding ethnicity and bias that may result in discrimination. The study does not answer why it looks the way it does in real life, but finds that organizations do not recruit people of different ethnicity and backgrounds, but there are gaps. With shortages meant that many departments lack the example of foreign workers and2 | S i d asome groups lack the Scandinavian -born employees. People of foreign origin, for example, is not represented at all levels within organizations but also the Scandinavian -born employees are not represented largely in departments where there is a foreign organization's culture . The essay concludes with their own conclusions and suggestions on how companies could work more effectively with diversity in the workplace to increase the share of employees with different ethnicities and backgrounds within all levels of the organization.

  • 92.
    Bolander, Victor
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Good Goverance and Development: An analysis of Good Governance as tool for development2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Good governance and development have been two dominating concepts in the debate by development oriented scholars. However, are the two concepts necessarily compatible with each other? This research will analyze and discuss good governance and its link to development in a critical study of the liberal inspired governance. It will take its basis in modernization theory and use Adrian Leftwich´s  five elements as criteria for analyzing  the developments in four countries in sub-Sahara Africa more specifically Togo, Ghana, Nigeria and Côte d'Ivoire, These five elements will be applied to the developments in each country which all are scrutinized on the basis of data on the characteristic of good governance from UNDP, the World Bank and Freedom House . Not only will x good governance as such be analyzed but in particular the link between good governance and governance. Thus, the definitions of governance will be an important at question to deal with. In all the four countries much still remains for good governance to be implemented in a way that it contributes to development. Ghana does however show some positive signs.

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    fulltext
  • 93.
    Bolinder, Veronica
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Ekström, Sofia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Användningen, funktionen och effekten av digitala möten: En kvalitativ fallstudie i den offentliga sektorn2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Communication is a fundamental process for organizations with meetings as the most important arena. The nonverbal language affects the transfer and the rendering of what is communicated. Digitization has changed the opportunities to communicate, where the possibility of nonverbal communication is limited. The aim of the study is to describe and analyze the technical domestication in meetings at two selected workplaces. The purpose is to contribute to research on digitizing organizations in general and workplace meetings in particular. We intend to achieve the goal and purpose of the survey by examining how the technology is handled and what it is attributed to it by the employees. This survey research the questions from a user perspective.

     

    Data has been gathered through a qualitative research method. 15 interviews have been conducted with public sector employees. The result has been analyzed based on the theoretical framework by Gidden’s structuring theory. Further the theoretical concepts nonverbal communication, digital trust and paralinguistic and expressive linguistic have been used. The results from the study indicates that physical meetings is to prefer before digital meetings. The conclusion is that digital meetings cannot replace physical meetings. However, digital meetings are able to provide a new way of working with meetings in working life. Another conclusion is that the employee's technical domestication is a consequence of a normative approach at the workplace.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Användningen, effekten och funktionen av digitala möten
  • 94.
    Bood, Sofie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    WE CAN DO IT... OR CAN WE?: A Radical Feminist Analysis on the Strategies and Challenges of Female Political Participation in the 2011 Revolution in Egypt2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyse female political participation in the 2011 revolution in Egypt with the help of a radical feminism theoretical framework, which effectively ensures that the female participation is analysed from an intersectional point of view. The research will be conducted as a desk study. In order to do this, the research will specifically look at the means of mobilisations used by female protesters, as well as examine the reasons why women chose to join the protests throughout Egypt between January 25 and February 11, 2011. Furthermore, the strategies used to overcome challenges and obstacles in and after the revolution will be analysed. The main result of this research is that women to a large extent used and benefited from ‘online activism’ on websites such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube both in the lead-up to and during the revolution. The research will show that women gained legitimacy during the protests by not pushing for a gender-specific agenda, but instead joined the protest under the common battle-cry of ‘bread, freedom, and dignity’ as well as taking up traditionally female roles during the protests. Moreover, the thesis will argue that the wide spread practice of female genital mutilation as well as the staggeringly high prevalence of sexual harassment and gender-based violence are severe hindrances for women to access the public sphere, and will show how the post-revolutionary government in Egypt effectively worsened the socio-political climate for women.

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    we_can_do_it---or_can_we---master_thesis_sofie_bood-2014
  • 95.
    Booij, Dorrit
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Al-Ayoubi, Daniel
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Hygiene and Sanitation Promotion towards Cholera Prevention on District Level in Mozambique: A Communication Analysis2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Cholera remains a threat to public health in many developing countries, including Mozambique. Although the disease is easily preventable by practices of hygiene and sanitation, cases are reported in the country every year, as for example in the Lago district in 2015. This qualitative research project set out to explore in what ways the promotion of hygiene and sanitation practices on district level in Mozambique is carried out. Therefore, actors, messages and channels involved in these communication processes were explored via a field study in Lago and a review of relevant literature. Subsequently, the results of the field study and literature review were analysed by applying the concepts of one-way and two-way communication which are part of public relations theory. This analytical framework allowed the researchers to fill a gap identified in the existing literature about hygiene and sanitation promotion, which did not seem to include communication theories linked to public relation practices when it came to hygiene and sanitation promotion in developing countries as a method to prevent cholera.

    It has been found that the one-way communication approach towards the public was successful in handling the recent cholera outbreak of 2015, however, the approach is not substantial and should be improved into a two-way communication approach, which would allow the local population to express their needs in hygiene and sanitation, as well as their capabilities to implement change in these matters.

    Simultaneously, a lack of resources within the district authorities involved in hygiene and sanitation promotion seems to encourage one-way communication towards the public from their side, as two-way communication would demand further resources for research into the above mentioned needs and capabilities of communities.  

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    fulltext
  • 96.
    Borell, Evelina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Juel, Evelina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    "Jag kommer inte bli Al Capone utan jag kommer bli en jävla knarkare som sitter på kåken": - En kvalitativ studie om åtta före detta missbrukares upplevelser av vägen in och vägen ut ur missbruk2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to understand and analyze why individuals develop and manage to leave drug abuse. The material consists of interviews with eight individuals who have gone through a life of addiction and managed to change their lifestyle. We contacted the participants through the organization called KRIS (Criminals Redress with Society). The results indicate that the participants have had a troublesome upbringing and been labeled by society as outsiders which have led them into addiction. The results also show that they have all gone through a social conversion from the life as an addict to become sober. The results of our study are analyzed with Jonsson and Bergström’s theory on social in heritage and Becker and Andersson’s view of outsiders and qualifications for drug abuse. The results are also analyzed with Ebaughs theory on role-exit. What we would like to contribute is an understanding of how an individual enters addiction and how they manage to leave drug abuse. 

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    fulltext
  • 97.
    Borg, Amanda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Can Sweden learn from Botswana with regard to HIV Prevention Communication?: A study about risk perception, risk behaviour and HIV prevention communication2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    We know that Sweden's HIV communication strategy does not specifically address young women, while Botswana's HIV communication strategy does. The overarching aim of this study is therefore to investigate whether Sweden should and could learn from Botswana with regard to focus on women in the HIV communication strategy. To do so, the methods used are qualitative interviews and focus groups with young women in Sweden and Botswana, expert interviews with representatives from organizations in Sweden and Botswana as well as textual analysis of different HIV prevention strategies from both countries.

     

    The results of this study shows that there seems to be a difference between young women’s risk perception and risk behaviour in Sweden and Botswana, a difference that can partly be explained by hoe respective country work with HIV prevention communication towards this group. This indicates that Sweden could learn from Botswana’s HIV prevention communication concerning how they work with young women as a target group and how gender equality and empowerment of women is part of Botswana’s communication strategy. However, because of the difference in HIV prevalence and because of the limited effect of communication measures, the difference in communication can only be considered a small part of the to why the differences exist.

  • 98.
    Borg, Amanda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Can Sweden Learn from Botswana with Regard to HIV Prevention Communication?: A Study about Risk Perception, Risk Behaviour and HIV Prevention Communication in Sweden and Botswana2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    We know that Sweden's HIV communication strategy does not specifically address young women, while Botswana's HIV communication strategy does. The overarching aim of this study is therefore to investigate whether Sweden should and could learn from Botswana with regard to focus on women in the HIV communication strategy. To do so, the methods used are qualitative interviews and focus groups with young women in Sweden and Botswana, expert interviews with representatives from organizations in Sweden and Botswana as well as textual analysis of different HIV prevention strategies from both countries.

     

    The results of this study shows that there seems to be a difference between young women’s risk perception and risk behaviour in Sweden and Botswana, a difference that can partly be explained by hoe respective country work with HIV prevention communication towards this group. This indicates that Sweden could learn from Botswana’s HIV prevention communication concerning how they work with young women as a target group and how gender equality and empowerment of women is part of Botswana’s communication strategy. However, because of the difference in HIV prevalence and because of the limited effect of communication measures, the difference in communication can only be considered a small part of the to why the differences exist.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Can Sweden Learn from Botswana with Regard to HIV Prevention Communication?: A Study about Risk Perception, Risk Behaviour and HIV Prevention Communication in Sweden and Botswana
  • 99.
    Bosak, Ewelina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Stefanovic, Sandra
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    CLINTON VS TRUMP: En undersökning om hur USA:s presidentkandidaters ledarskap konstrueras diskursivt i Metro och Dagens Nyheter2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title:CLINTON VS TRUMP -An investigation of how the leadership of US presidential candidates is being designed discursively in Metro and Dagens Nyheter

    Author: Ewelina Bosak & Sandra Stefanovic

    In 2016 a man and a woman competed for the first time in history in becoming the President of the United States. In 2016 one could read about the American presidential election every day in any newspaper. With this in mind, we want to examine the leadership being applied to the candidates by the news sources Metro and Dagens Nyheter. As leadership traditionally is considered a masculine feature, we apply a gender perspective to this study.

    The questions we intend to answer:

    - What discourse is construed by Metro and Dagens Nyheter regarding the leadership of Clinton and Trump?

    - How are Clinton and Trump being portrayed from a gender perspective?

    We used the method of discourse analysis, as it advocates the principle of language being the primary tool in shaping our realities. The theoretical framework we use to interpret and explain our results is based on discourse theory as well as the social construction of age and gender.

    Our research shows that Trump is generally being portrayed in a way not considered to be "right" in accordance to the leadership- or age norm. The discourse of Trump presents him as an inexperienced, dishonest and attempted leader with an childish behaviour. Trump is also often described through typically considered feminine features.

    Clinton, being perceived as almost invisible and often depicted in comparison to Trump or other male leaders, is at the same time portrayed as a successful, experienced, driven and intelligent leader. However, we have discovered that in spite of Clinton’s described leadership features she is constantly also criticised for being cold and not evoking any feelings or engagement. Clinton is not only being questioned on the basis of the masculine leadership norms, but also on the lack characteristics in line with the feminine norm.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    CLINTON VS TRUMP
  • 100.
    Bottenberg, Dennis
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    A Conflict Theory and Historical Analysis on the Causalities of Terrorism: And the causes of the 9/11 attacks as a case study2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
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