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  • 53151.
    Öigaard, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Computer Science.
    Programming language & Gender2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Once women were the pioneers within the tech industry, but during the last decades the amount of women who choose a career within computer science has decreased rapidly. Programming languages have evolved during the last decades and because of the growing gender gap in the industry, they have done so involuntarily in the absence of women. The imbalance raises the question if the tech industry and the programming languages have been adapted for a more masculine way of developing software. A quantitative study and a literature review evaluates if there is a need for a computerlanguage developed towards women. The study comes to the conclusion that there is no need for a female inspired computer language, but the way computer languages are taught suits the male way of thinking better than the female way.

  • 53152.
    Öijerfeldt, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Blanda- inte bättre?: Patientens upplevelse av postoperativ smärta efter kirurgi med anestesiformen infraklavikulär plexusblockad anlagd med Ropivakain jämfört med kombinationen Ropivakain och Mepivakain.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 53153.
    Öjhage, Nina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Ottosson, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Styrelsens Ersättning: Vilka faktorer ligger till grund för denna?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Det debatteras i media kring styrelsernas ersättningsnivåer och varför det finns skillnader på dem. Det är intressant att studera vilka bakomliggande faktorer som finns till ersättningsnivåerna för att få en förståelse kring varför nivåerna skiljer sig åt mellan bolagen. Det har gjorts många studier kring ersättning till ledande befattningshavare, men få när det gäller ersättning till styrelser, vilket ger oss ett motiv att komma med ett bidrag till forskningen kring ersättningsnivåerna till styrelsen.

     

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att kartlägga vilka faktorer som påverkar styrelsens ersättning i sin helhet vad gäller storlek och form bland bolagen på Stockholmsbörsen.

     

    Metod: Vi har haft en deduktiv ansats i vår studie där vi har lyft fram teorier kring styrelsens ersättning i den mån de finns och använt oss av teorier kring ersättning till ledande befattningshavare och applicerat dem på styrelsen. Utifrån teorierna lyfte vi fram faktorer som kan tänkas påverka ersättningen, vilka sedan grupperades in efter de olika organen i den svenska bolagsstyrningsmodellen. En kvantitativ studie genomfördes där data hämtades från bolagen på Stockholmsbörsens årsredovisningar, vilken har legat till grund för analyser och resultat.

     

    Resultat: Av faktorerna var det bolagets storlek och andel internationella ledamöter som utmärkte sig då de var signifikanta i alla våra modeller. Vi kan konstatera att det enligt våra modeller är de faktorer som kan härröras till bolagsstyrningsorganet styrelsen som har störst korrelation med ersättningsnivåerna. Utifrån studien kan konstateras att teorier från ersättning till ledande befattningshavare till viss del kan appliceras på ersättning till styrelser. Vi kan även dra slutsatsen att det främst är resursberoendeteorin som kan förklara ersättningsnivåerna. Våra resultat har lyft fram de faktorer som ligger till grund för ersättningen och genom att identifiera dessa kan det skapa en legitimitet för att ersättningsnivåerna ligger på den nivå de gör i bolagen.

  • 53154.
    Öjhage, Petra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    En påtvingad förändring eller en utveckling: En studie av länsstyrelsers hantering av förmedling inom arkeologiska undersökningar i samband med ändringen av kulturmiljölagen 20142016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    On January 1, 2014 a legislative amendment to the former National Heritage Act (1988: 950) was put in action, one of the new amendments that was conceived in what is now called Culture Environmental Act (1988: 950). The change made it possible for the County Councils to enforce that the results associated with archaeological research would be conveyed to the public.

    The present work is a case study aiming to see what kind of impact this amendment has had on the archaeological specifications and offer invitations for archaeological investigations.

    The main questions for the work are:

    • What kind of mediation is being required by the County Councils?
    • Why was the law changed?
    • Is there a difference in this respect between different counties?
    • Has there been any noticable change in practice in this respect after the amendment introduction?

    This study aims to answer these questions and throughout it also give you as a reader information about the history behind the changes as well as what impact the changes has had on archaeological investigations and the mediated results to the public. The aim is also to show the different ways that archaelogy is communicated and to whom.

  • 53155.
    Öksuz, Baris
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Elvung, John
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Den svenska arenaboomen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: During the 2000s Sweden has built so many arenas s that it’s unprecedented in the Swedish history. Billions has been plowed into the arenas while criticism has grown. While this is being written new arenas are planned and built even though almost all new arenas has been proved to be unprofitable. Due to limited research regarding Swedish arenas there’s a need to study and describe the ongoing arena-boom.

    Purpose: The main purpose of this study is to increase knowledge about Swedish arena investments regard to the following aspects: Reasons why they have been built, its investment structure and its ownership structure.

    Method: The study has been performed by combining a method with structured interviews and questionnaires to all Swedish arenas built between years 2000-2014. A literature study was carried out as foundation of the surveys design, which because of incomplete data had to be supplemented with structured interviews. In order to visualize the Swedish arena-boom and its influencing factors the empirical data was partly analyzed descriptive and partly statistically.

    Conclusion: The main reasons behind this study’s arena investments are rationalization and improvement, increased focus on sports, as well as increased social enrichment and enhanced image. During the last decade a trade of ownership structure has taken place and as a result arenas are a majority of the arenas are now privately owned. Statistical analyzes has been made illustrate that the ownership structure doesn’t affected the underlying causes behind the arena investments.

  • 53156.
    Öksuz, Baris
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Elvung, John
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Tadaris, Sergon
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Investeringskalkyl på självtvätthall för Vetlanda Vägkrog AB2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problem: Since the new law took place in 1999, it has been illegal towash a car with substances that can damage the environment on a paved street or on a driveway through a garage. This has conveyed to a new industry where more and more self-service car wash facility have opened around the country. Vetlanda Vägkrog AB has since 2012 been planning to install manual self-service car wash facility at the back of their restaurant business. The authors mission was to make an analysis in order to examine whether an investment of carwashes are lucrative enough for Vetlanda Vägkrog AB.

    Aim: The study's main objective was to analyze the profitability of an investment in a self-service car wash facility at Vetlanda Vägkrog AB, based on given data. The authors sub-aim was to clarify which factors in general that had played the greatest part in the establishment of a self-service car wash facility.

    Method: The authors have used an abductive approach in order to fulfill the aim of the study. Furthermore, have the authors used semi-structured interviews in order to gather all empirical data. The interviews were performed on the suppliers, municipal employees and the two owners of Vetlanda Vägkrog AB. The collected data is then explained using theory and henceforth meet the purpose.

    Conclusion: The results of this study shows that the investment of a self-service car wash facility based on Vetlanda Vägkrog AB conditions is economically efficient and profitable. Net present value method, Pay back and internal rate of return (IRR) is the following methods that the authors consistently have used in order to solve this task. An analysis of three different outcomes were made on the variables that might influence the

    results, for instance volume and periodic payments has been done in order to get an idea of how sensitive the estimate was.

  • 53157.
    Öksuz Ekin, Meliha
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Dankowska, Katarzyna Beata
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Anhörigas medverkan på särskilt boende2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study that explores the involvement of the relatives in the special housing based on the perspective of fourteen interviewees working in elderly care, at special housing.

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the nursing staff's view of the involvement of the relatives and the presence of care provision at special housing. The study is to find out what can constitute support or obstacles to the relatives.

    Three questions have been presented as the structural basis upon which the objective finds its conclusion. These questions try to explore and identify the forms of support that can help relatives in their involvement in elderly care. There are opportunities and obstacles for the involvement of the relatives in the care of the elderly as well as expectations of nursing staff on the role of the relatives in the care of the elderly which the following study focuses on.

    The research reflected in this study involves the care staff and their experiences and views on the relatives who have their older live permanently in residential care.

    In conclusion, the study identifies similar reasoning among respondents regarding to key aspects of the relatives at the special housing. They emphasizes that relatives are needed there and they are important resource for both the residents and the staff.

    The results indicate that there may be both opportunities and obstacles for the involvement of the relatives. On one side, factors that prevent relatives from their involvement are lack of communication, poor attitude, different views of relatives and staff about care and conflicts between them. On the other side, there are opportunities that can facilitate relatives' involvement, namely the fact that they need support from the staff. The interviewees pointed out that the relationship between relatives and the elderly is the basis of the relatives' involvement.

  • 53158.
    Ölfvingsson, Mia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Language and Literature.
    "Das ist nicht gerecht!": Gender in zwei Texten aus der aktuellen deutschsprachigen Kinderliteratur2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 53159.
    Ölje, Elin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Metodjämförelse mellan DiffMaster Octavia och CellaVision DM1200 avseende differentialräkning av leukocyter: en viktig analys inom vården2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Leukocytes, white blood cells, are cells of the immune system. They are produced and derived from hematopoietic stem cells in the bone marrow. Leukocytes can be divided into neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils and basophils. To determine the numbers of leukocytes in blood the leukocyte particle concentration (B-LPK) can be analyzed by cell counters. When B-LPK is elevated or lowered a differential count of leukocytes (B-Diff) is performed to see in which cell systems the change exists. The manual analysis involves peripheral blood smears stained with a cytochemical color, May-Grünwald Giemsa. The smear examined in an automatic microscopically system that counts, photographs and pre-classify leukocytes by its appearance. DiffMaster Octavia and CellaVision DM1200 are two variants of such instruments from the same manufacturer (CellaVision AB, Lund, Sweden). The aim of the study was to do a comparison between these instruments by analyzing 60 samples consisting venous blood in EDTA-tubes. The samples were collected randomly from patients (32 men and 28 women) between 19-95 years old. The results from two-sided paired t-test showed no significant difference between the differential count of neutrophils, lymphocytes and monocytes. The correlation was 0,95, 0,91 and 0,68. However, there was a significant difference between the instruments differential count of eosinophils and basophils, the correlation was 0,91 and 0,20. When counting only 200 cells a profit of 2 % distinguish up to 1-5 %. Abnormalities in leukocytes which represents only a few percent in blood can therefore be very large. Method comparison showed that both instruments give the same results and are considered equivalent in analysis of manual B-Diff.

  • 53160.
    Öman, Linda
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    La Durée: En studie om barns här-och-nu-upplevelse i vardagen på dagis2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att undersöka hur barn upplever sin vardag på dagis. Detta har jag försökt ta reda på genom att vara med på ett dagis under två veckors tid. Där har jag sedan observerat och samtalat med barnen i deras vardag. Det är främst samtalen med barnen som ligger till grund för undersökningen. Jag har använt mig av kvalitativ metod och den fenomenografiska ansatsen som metodologiska verktyg, samt Alfred Schütz och Johan Asplunds begrepp och resonemang som hjälp för att begripliggöra materialet. Resultatet visade bland annat att barn inte har någon tydlig avgränsning mellan dagis och hemma eftersom båda dessa tillhör barnens omvärld. Det visade också att barn lever i ett mer uttalat responsivt förhållande till varandra än vad vi vuxna gör. I studien blev det också tydligt att barnen levde efter den inre, personliga tid som Alfred Schütz kallar la durée.

  • 53161.
    Önder, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Language and Literature.
    ”Blattesvenska är ett ungdomsspråk, inte en dialekt”: En studie av högstadieelevers attityder till tre svenska varieteter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka attityder hos högstadieelever till varieteterna skånska, norrländska och svenska på mångspråkig grund. Ett annat syfte är att ta reda på om dessa ungdomar anser svenska på mångspråkig grund vara en dialekt, och om svaren varierar utifrån kön och första- och andraspråkstalare. Ett annat perspektiv som jag även kommer att presentera är den didaktiska aspekten på språklig varietet och vilka pedagogiska faktorer som kan påverka elevernas attityd till dialekt.En enkätundersökning utfördes på två könshomogena grupper, där eleverna fick lyssna på inspelningar av de tre olika språkliga varieteterna. Resultaten av informanternas definitioner av dialekt är följande: geografiskt, tids- och platsbundet och språkligt släktskap. Ungdomarnas definition av dialekt stämmer överens med forskarnas, det vill säga tal som är typiskt för ett geografiskt område, även om ungdomarna använder andra ord. Enligt undersökningen varierade ungdomarnas attityd till språkliga varieteter mellan kön och till en viss del mellan första- och andraspråkstalare. Flickorna valde fler positiva uttryck än pojkarna till varje dialekt, förutom till svenska på mångspråkig grund som talades av mannen, det som pojkarna var mest positiva till. Andraspråkstalarna var något mer positiva till svenska på mångspråkig grund än förstaspråkstalarna.

  • 53162.
    Önnerfors, Martin
    et al.
    Institutionen för kulturgeografi, Lunds universitet.
    Guldåker, Nicklas
    Institutionen för kulturgeografi, Lunds universitet.
    Nieminen Kristofersson, Tuija
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Erfarenheter av GIS (Geografiskt Informations System) i samband med stormen Gudrun2007Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 53163. Öquist, G.
    et al.
    Hagström, Åke
    Department of Microbiology, University of Ume~i; S-90187 Umeh, Sweden.
    Alm, P.
    Samuelsson, G.
    Richardsson, K.
    Chlorophyll a fluorescence an alternative method for estimating primary production1982In: Marine Biology, ISSN 1230-7688, Vol. 68, no 1, p. 71-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The in vivo chlorophyll a fluorescence index (F+DcM u-F-DcMu/F+DcMU) of natural waters was compared to the 14C-determined primary production, and the fluorescence intensity in the presence of 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea (F + DCM~) was studied as a function of extracted and spectrophotometrically determined chlorophyll concentrations. Samples were taken every second week from May through October, 1979, at the station "Systrarna" situated in a coastal area of the Bottnian Sea. In addition, samples from the Archipelago Sea of the Baltic were collected on board the Finnish research vessel R/S "Aranda" during the September cruise 1979. The correlations between the fluorescence index and the 14C-determined primary production and between F+DcMu and total chlorophyll concentration were good when samples taken over short time intervals were compared. The shortcomings of both the fluorescence and the 14C methods are discussed. It is concluded that the fluorescence method is useful if it is desirable to follow with high time resolution any changes in the potential for photosynthesis (or pirmary production) in a water mass over relatively short time periods; e.g. during an algal bloom. The fluorescence method can furthermore be technically developed for automatic monitoring with a high time resolution. Efforts are being made in our laboratory to develop the method further to give information about the in situ rates of photosynthesis rather than the potential for photosynthesis in a phytoplankton population.

  • 53164.
    Örbring, David
    Lund University.
    Explicit and Implicit Geography in Relation to Powerful Knowledge in the Swedish Curriculum2017In: NOFA 6 - Nordic conference on school subjects: University of Southern Denmark, Odense, 29th - 31st of May 2017, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 53165.
    Örbring, David
    Lund University.
    Ge: Geografi 4-62015 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 53166.
    Örbring, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. Lund University.
    Geografiska perspektiv i humanistisk och teologisk utbildning2016In: Högskolepedagogik i humanistisk och teologisk utbildning: Proceedings från Humanistiska och teologiska fakulteternas pedagogiska inspirationskonferens 2014 / [ed] Alexander Maurits, Katarina Mårtensson, Lund: Humanistiska och teologiska fakulteterna, Lunds universitet , 2016, p. 61-70Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 53167.
    Örbring, David
    Lund University.
    Geografiska perspektiv i utbildning av lärare i samhällskunskap2014In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, Vol. 1, p. 41-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teachers in Social Studies can benefit from geographical perspectives in their teaching of Social Studies in elementary and high school. The aim is to connect geographical perspectives to various social processes and to integrate it in teaching of Social Studies. But how can the relevance of geographical perspectives in an education for teachers in Social Studies be motivated and to what benefits can it be internalized? I will try to answer that question in this article. This relevance is mainly, with basis in a literature study, focused on democracy, sustainable development and digital literacy. It is also relevant by giving teachers a broader teaching skill and thus they are able to help pupils achieve higher-order skills.

  • 53168.
    Örbring, David
    Lund University.
    Geographical and Spatial Thinking in the Swedish Curriculum2017In: The Power of Geographical Thinking / [ed] Clare Brooks, Graham Butt, Mary Fargher, Springer, 2017, p. 137-150Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter concerns the views of knowledge adopted in the Swedish curriculum for state schools in an international context. It addresses how geographical and spatial thinking are expressed with regard to the subject specific abilities expected of students who learn geography. The introductory section highlights the current view of knowledge in the Swedish curriculum, explains how subject specific abilities for geography have been defined and used in the Swedish context, and describes their application in state schools. Importantly, these subject abilities are considered in relation to thinking both geographically and spatially. The research that underpins this chapter was conducted using a variety of qualitative methods: specifically, interviews with key people involved in the process of drafting education policy documents and analysis of such documents used in the making of the state curriculum. Interviews have been conducted with one of the authors of the curriculum, and with others responsible for curriculum development at the National Agency for Education. Policy documents from the Swedish Ministry of Education, from the National Agency for Education, and from curriculum developers have also been analysed. This chapter includes research findings based on the analysis of such material and reflections about how these sources of evidence can increase our knowledge of thinking geographically and spatially.

  • 53169.
    Örbring, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Örbring, David (Translator)
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Glossary in Swedish: GeoCapabilities2016Other (Other academic)
  • 53170.
    Örbring, David
    Lund University.
    Thinking geographically in the Swedish curriculum for compulsory school2017In: Nordic Geographers Meeting June 18th–21st 2017, Stockholm University, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 53171.
    Örbring, David
    Lund University.
    Ämnesspecifika förmågor i geografi: att formulera mål i skolan2016In: Geografdagarna 2016: "Mind the gap", 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 53172.
    Örbring, David
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Miao, Xin
    East China Normal University, China.
    Re-contextualising development in teaching school geography: Teachers' story in Sweden and China2016In: Eurogeo conference 2016, Malaga, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Geography as a school subject varies in different nations. This comparative study is based on legitimation code analysis of the two countries’ Geography National Curriculum in compulsory secondary education (Year7-9) respectively. It follows with a school case study on Chinese and Swedish teachers' interpretation about development topic in their teaching, which is the process of re-contextualisation in practical classroom when transforming the idea on the paper to action in teaching. The main outcomes show how knowledge is described in the curriculum standards, and the teachers' case study gives insight in how and in what ways we could transform the hypothesis to practice, thus enhance the view of knowledge in the curriculum.

  • 53173.
    Öreteg, Madelene
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Green, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Erfarenheter av att leva med långvarig smärta: Vad finns det att hoppas på när allt känns hopplöst?2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Långvarig smärta är den smärta som har pågått i mer än tre till sex månader, kroppsligt fyller den ingen funktion. Smärta är kopplat till lidande, då utgör familjen ett viktigt stöd. Upplevelsen av hopp kan påverka ett sjukdomsförlopp positivt. Syfte: Studiens syfte var att belysa drabbade personers erfarenheter av långvarig smärta. – Hur hanteras den livsförändring som långvarig smärta bär med sig? – Hur påverkas hoppet av det lidande som långvarig smärta är starkt förknippat med? – Vilken betydelse har den långvariga smärtan i familj, relationer och det sociala livet? Metod: Studien är en systematisk litteraturstudie och baseras på nio vetenskapliga, kvalitativa artiklar hämtade ur databaserna Cinahl, PubMed och PsycINFO. De nio artiklarna kvalitetsgranskades med hjälp av en granskningsmall och analys av data gjordes genom en innehållsanalys. Resultat: De drabbades erfarenheter visar att hoppet har en positiv inverkan på långvarig smärta. Med hjälp av olika strategier kring hanteringen av smärtan kan lidande lindras och hoppet främjas. Närstående och sjukvården har en hjälpande roll och trots långvarig smärta kan den drabbade uppnå en god livskvalité. Slutsats: Livskvalitén främjas av hoppets påverkan på lidandet. Närstående och sjukvård utgör ett viktigt stöd i hanteringen av smärtan.

  • 53174.
    Örheden, Elin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Andreasson, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Bildskapande i en mångkulturell fritidshemsverksamhet: En kvalitativ studie om hur fritidslärare upplever bildskapande aktiviteter.2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med det här självständiga arbetet är att undersöka hur fritidslärare upplever och beskriver arbetet med bildskapande på mångkulturella fritidshem. I arbetet redogör vi för fritidslärares upplevelser av elevers interaktion och kommunikation i bildskapande aktiviteter och vilka pedagogiska konsekvenser bildskapandet kan medföra på mångkulturella fritidshem. Dessutom vill vi skapa förståelse för vad fritidslärare kan behöva tänka på inför genomförande av bildskapande aktiviteter i ett mångkulturellt fritidshem.

     

    Vi har använt kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer som metod för att kunna besvara våra frågeställningar. Vi intervjuade sex olika fritidslärare på sex olika fritidshem i tre olika kommuner. Resultatet i vårt arbete visade på att fritidslärarna inte upplevde att elevernas utländska bakgrund hade någon direkt inverkan på de bildskapande aktiviteterna på fritidshemmen. En aspekt som ändå framkom är att fritidshemmen gör olika val angående att anpassa bildskapandet vid olika svenska högtider på grund av elevernas mångkulturella bakgrund. Resultatet visade också att fritidslärarna upplevde att bildskapande aktiviteter genererade pedagogiska konsekvenser i form av ett lugnt känslotillstånd, vidare inspiration i lekar och annat skapande och känsla av gemenskap i gruppen. Fritidslärarna upplevde även att kommunikation och interaktion var naturliga delar av elevernas bildskapande. Vid vår analys använde vi oss av det sociokulturella perspektivet som teoretiskt ramverk, eftersom elevernas sociala samspel kan ha en stor inverkan på bildskapande aktiviteter.

  • 53175.
    Örlegård, Petra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Collective nouns in English used in Sweden: A corpus-based study on number concord with collective nouns2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how Swedes writing in English construct number

    concord with collective nouns. This was done by studying three primary corpora: the Swedish

    English Newspaper Corpus (SWENC) and the press sections of Frown (American English)

    and F-LOB (British English). The findings were compared with the results in the Blogs in

    English by Swedes Corpus (BESC), Frown (American English) and F-LOB (British English).

    The SWENC contains texts from three online newspapers and one corporate newsletter in

    English, all of which are written by Swedes. The BESC contains texts from Swedes blogging

    in English. Frown and F-LOB contain texts from fifteen text genres in the 1990s. The results

    in the SWENC are discussed and compared with the press sections of F-LOB and Frown. The

    results are also compared with the BESC, Frown and F-LOB in order to see whether there is

    regional and stylistic variation. The results show that Swedes prefer singular verbal concord

    with collective nouns even though plural forms occur which seem to be closer to F-LOB Press

    (BrE) than Frown Press (AmE). In contrast, the SWENC differs from the press sections of

    Frown and F-LOB in constructing pronominal number. This difference could be influenced

    by Swedish usage which allows both singular and plural pronominal number with collective

    nouns. The study also shows that plural forms of political parties that seem to constitute

    collective units show variation in Sweden whereas such nouns take only plural concord in

    both American and British English.

  • 53176.
    Örlegård, Petra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Nyhetsdiskurser om döva: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys och diskursanalys om medierepresentationer av döva och dövhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the news discourses to find out how deaf people and/or deafness is represented and analyses how the discourses might be affected by or influence common attitudes and prejudices about deaf people and/or deafness. First, however, this study analysed the contents of the news articles quantitatively in order to find frequencies of different news topics with references to deaf people and/or deafness and whether deaf people were allowed to talk or not. After the content analysis, ten articles were selected for the discourse analysis.

     

    The results of the content analysis show that deaf people are represented and allowed to talk in most of the articles, but that hearing people are also represented in a majority of the articles. Most articles are about culture and personalities, but there are also articles about for example sign language and hearing devices. Most deaf people are represented as individuals, but they are also represented as representatives for the deaf and as both individuals and representatives.

     

    The discourse analysis shows that deaf people are represented as a linguistic and cultural minority in both cultural and personal discourses but represented as broken and in need of being fixed for integration in society in medical discourses. In medical discourses, only experts talk about deafness and no deaf people are represented. In other discourses, both deaf and hearing people talk about deaf people, sign language and deaf culture. In some of the discourses, however, it is clear that deaf people are represented from the hearing viewpoint on deafness. There were discursive discrimination of deafness in medical discourses but occurred rarely in other discourses except when the medical view on deafness is present. Deaf people are represented as a minority distinct from the hearing majority in most articles and some of the cultural discourses show attempts to build a bridge between the deaf world and the hearing society. The majority of the discourses point to pluralism as a social practice but some of those discourses also point to inclusion and exclusion as social practices. The medical discourses however point to both assimilation and exclusion as social practices. 

  • 53177.
    Örmon, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University.
    Hörberg, Ulrica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Abused women’s vulnerability in daily life and in contact with psychiatric care: in the light of a caring science perspective2017In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 26, no 15-16, p. 2384-2391Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives

    The aim of the study is to deepen the understanding of abused women's vulnerability in relation to how the abuse and encounters with health care professionals affect life. A further aim is to highlight abused women's vulnerability with a caring science perspective.

    Background

    Experience of abuse has consequences for the mental health of women and girls. Abused women may experience health care as unsupportive, and as a result, often chose not to disclose their experiences of abuse.

    Design and methods

    The results of two qualitative empirical studies were analysed along with a phenomenological meaning analysis in accordance with the methodological principles of Reflective Lifeworld Research.

    Findings

    Living one's life with experiences of abuse implies vulnerability, which can prevent abused women from achieving good health. This vulnerability results from insecurity regarding identity, along with the sense that one could have been a different individual if it were not for the abuse and thereby have a more fair chance in life. Being cared for within general psychiatric care could further increase this vulnerability. The healthcare professional's ability to care for the women who have experienced abuse leads to either an encounter of trust or else further suffering for the women.

    Conclusion

    A lifeworld-oriented caring science perspective as a foundation for care can contribute to care for abused women which reaches the existential dimensions of their vulnerability and vulnerable life situation.

    Relevance to clinical practice

    It is evident that healthcare professionals should deepen their understanding of how abused women live, within a general psychiatric context. This study enables a deeper understanding of abused women's vulnerability in relation to how the abuse and encounters with healthcare professionals affect life.

  • 53178.
    Örmon, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University.
    Hörberg, Ulrica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    The unnecessary suffering and abuse caused by healthcare professionals needs to stop: a study regarding experiences of abuse among female patients in a general psychiatric setting2017In: Clinical Nursing Studies, ISSN 2324-7940, E-ISSN 2324-7959, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 59-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Healthcare, from a caring science perspective, aims to support the patients’ health processes. All healthcare is, however, not experienced as being caring by the patients. Consequences of abuse in healthcare (AHC) services have effects on the patients’ health and well-being. The aim of this study was to explore experiences of abuse from healthcare professionals among female patients in a general psychiatric clinic.

    Methods: In the cross-sectional study design, data from female patients receiving outpatient or inpatient care at a general psychiatric clinic about their experiences of abuse were gathered by using the NorVold Abuse Questionnaire (NorAQ). Descriptive statistics were used to describe experiences of abuse in the health care sector.

    Results: Fifty-six women reported abuse by healthcare professionals. Being offended or grossly degraded while visiting health services, was experienced by almost all the women (n = 50). Experiences that a “normal” event while visiting health services suddenly became a really terrible and insulting experience, without fully knowing how this could happen was experienced by 38 women in the study. During their current care episode at the general psychiatric clinic a majority of the female patients chose not to reveal their experiences of abuse in the health care sector (n = 34).

    Conclusions: The fact that patients experience suffering and abuse from healthcare professionals is a serious problem that needs to be highlighted and discussed within all healthcare contexts. Attention needs to be paid to the suffering and abuse that is related to encounters and relationships between patients and healthcare professionals.

  • 53179.
    Örne, Mari
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lärande bedömning - ett elevperspektiv: Elevers upplevelser av lärarens arbete med lärande bedömning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lärarens bedömning av elevernas förmågor är en stor del av arbetet i den svenska skolan. I den nya läroplanen Läroplan för grundskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet finns fokus på att formativt bedömningsarbete ska vara gällande. Idag finns mycket liten forskning kring hur lärare faktiskt arbetar med bedömning, samt hur elever uppfattar bedömningen. I detta arbete intervjuas fem lärare kring arbetet med formativ bedömning genom lärande bedömning. Jag tar avstamp i frågeställningar kring om mål, kunskapskrav och förväntningar blir tydligare för eleverna då läraren uppger sig arbeta med lärande bedömning, samt om dessa elever uppfattar att de i större utsträckning är hjälpta av bedömningen som läraren gör. Av fem intervjuade lärare bedöms en arbeta med lärande bedömning, tre i viss utsträckning, samt en inte. Elevernas upplevelse av denna bedömning undersöks genom enkätundersökningar. Ingen skillnad kan ses i elevernas uppfattningar kring bedömningen, i relation till i vilken utsträckning läraren arbetar med lärande bedömning. Resultaten i studien diskuteras bland annat utifrån elevernas tidigare bedömningsvanor, bedömningsarbetets struktur, samt studier som visar att lärares upplevelser av det egna bedömningsarbetet ibland skiljer sig ifrån det utförda arbetet. Mer forskning behövs i området för att nyanserat och rättvist dra slutsatser kring elevers uppfattningar av formativ bedömning.

  • 53180.
    Örnerfeldt, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Askbrandt Sjölander, Pia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Omvårdnadsinsatser som främjar livskvalitet - för personer med emotionell instabil personlighetsstörning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: People with Emotional Instable Personality (EIP) have a high comorbidity with other mental disorders and a high suicide rate. Previous research has revealed negative attitudes, in the society, toward people with EIP. They are often seen as manipulative, hard to understand and temperamental. Research has shown that this view also exists among health care professionals, who often have negative attitudes and show less empathy for patients with EIP Aim: The purpose of this study was to identify nursing interventions that can promote the quality of life for people with EIP. Method: Systematic literature review was used as a method. Thirty articles were selected for the study and these were sought in Chinal, PubMed and PsycINFO. Analysis and interpretation was done according to qualitative content analysis. Results: Five main categories were identified: Supporting components of caring; Including the patient in the care; Supportive care; Supporting activities and therapies; Supportive care interventions in inpatient care Conclusions: There is a need for more knowledge and greater understanding of people with EIP, in the society as well as in mental health services, in order to enable attitude changes and reduce the risk of further suffering. It is also important for healthcare professionals  to strive for continuity in the care of people with EIP. Patients should also be involved in their own care. It is also important to take a patient's perspective and respond to patients based on their individual needs.

  • 53181.
    Örnerfeldt, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Wetterström, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Könsstympade kvinnors möte med västerländsk vård: En systematisk litteraturstudie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Female circumcision or female genital mutilation is a tradition that is carried out mainly in Africa. The intervention refers to that part of- or all of the girl’s external genital organs are removed. 

    Aim: The study's purpose was to highlight the consequences of female circumcision in the encounter with western health care.

    Method: A systematic literature reviews was performed as a method. Twelve articles were selected for the study and these were sought in Chinal, PubMed and PsycINFO. Analysis and interpretation was done according to qualitative content analysis, inspired by Lundman and Granheim. Eriksson, Birkler, Dahlberg and Segersten’s nursing theory was used as background in the discussion.

    Results: The analysis process resulted in six categories: laws and guidelines, offence, communication, knowledge, vulnerability and nursing. The results showed that offence occur extensively against genitally mutilated women and the exposure of these women. The results also showed a strong need for knowledge, laws and guidelines.

    Conclusions: Health care professionals need to have a basic knowledge of female circumcision and clear guidelines to ensure good care. The nurse should also keep themselves updated of new research and search for knowledge to improve their care.

  • 53182.
    Örnerheim, Mattias
    Linköping university, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurial actors between two systems of norms - Profound and professional quality knowledge in Swedish health care2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In an imprecise sense, quality has always been an issue for health care and its actors. Quality issues are of great importance, since they intersect at the very core of a democratic health care delivery system, i.e. the authorities´ and the public´s demand for information confront the medical profession´s demand for self-regulation. The innovation of Swedish national quality registers contains important primary data that can play a significant role for control and improvement of health care. The medical profession started the first national register in 1975 for their opportunities of comparing methods of treatment. In the 1990s indicators generated from the national quality registers opened a new way for authorities to govern, control and improve knowledge about the quality in health care. Now, new demands are rising in a third practical application: public transparency, with a view to facilitate patient choice and improve quality of choices. A fundamental question is how the translation of primary data in national quality registers has been made feasible. Three puzzles are highly significant in this case; the medical profession´s degree of control over the information, the type of information that should be delivered to national and local authorities such as the National Board of Health and Welfare, Swedish Association of Local Authorities and the County Councils and to what extent the public should have access to the information. These puzzles are handled by entrepreneurs. They make the information in national quality registers comprehensible and manageable to initiate new ways of thinking, start new projects and take risks over time in the shaping of new institutional arrangements. Thus, the aim of this paper is to examine political entrepreneurship in order to understand how different actors use and translate information in quality registers.

  • 53183.
    Örnerheim, Mattias
    Linköping university, Sweden.
    Kvalitetsbegreppet i lagstiftningen inom den mänskliga sektorn: - en översikt2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning behandlar hur olika kvalitetsaspekter i några utvalda sektorslagar förhåller sig till varandra inom hälso- och sjukvård, polis- och kriminalvård, utbildning samt vissa kommunala lagar. Alla befinner sig i den s.k. mänskliga sektorn av offentlig verksamhet. Den bakomliggande orsaken till detta är att Innovationsrådet vill fördjupa kunskapen om hur begreppet kvalitet definieras och används i svensk lagstiftning och i förarbetena till vissa lagar. Undersökningen strävar inte efter att generera någon legaldefinition av begreppet kvalitet.

    Kvalitetsbegreppet delas in i aspekterna; struktur, process och resultat i en analysmodell i form av en matris som även tar hänsyn till personal och medborgarperspektiv. Strukturkvalitet speglar förutsättningarna för eller inflödet i en verksamhet, processkvalitet belyser de aktiviteter som görs i verksamheten och resultatkvalitet återger prestationerna och effekterna av verksamheten. Med hjälp av analysmodellen skapas ett mönster över vilka aspekter som tydligast framträder i lagarna och förarbeten samt vilket perspektiv som är mest påtagligt i respektive lag. Genom analysmodellen har en överblick över varje sektor kunnat ges.

    Undersökningen är en dokumentstudie och baseras på lagtexter med relaterade propositioner samt statliga utredningar. De utvalda lagarna återfinns i bilaga 1. I analysen av materialet har först kvantitativa sökningar gjort på kvalitet och relaterade begrepp såsom kvalitetssäkring, kvalitetsgranskning, kvalitetskontroll samt kvalitetsutvärdering för att få en bild av om kvalitet är ett återkommande begrepp eller inte. Därefter har en granskning och tolkning gjorts för att utreda ur vilka aspekter som kvalitet beskrivs, samt vilket perspektiv som väger tyngst i skrivningar i lagen och dess förarbeten.

    Varje sektor är resultatredovisad för sig i särskilda avsnitt. Resultaten visar att kvalitetsbegreppet inom hälso- och sjukvården är frekvent förekommande ur aspekterna struktur och resultat, medan resultatkvalitet överlämnats till den autonoma medicinska professionen att definiera. I utbildningssektorn tycks förhållandet vara det motsatta där resultatkvalitet i form av måluppfyllelse är det centrala och betonas starkt även kvalitet i termer av struktur och process förekommer. Även i denna sektor lyfter lagstiftaren fram autonomi och egenkontroll i avseende på utbildning och forskning när det gäller att definiera vad som är god kvalitet i vetenskapliga processer och resultat.

    Inom socialtjänsten pågår ett arbete som syftar till att ta fram kvalitetsindikatorer ur olika aspekter inspirerat av hälso- och sjukvården. Idag är begreppet kvalitet tydligast uttryckt i socialtjänstlagen när det gäller aspekterna struktur och process i ett personalperspektiv. Även inom polis och kriminalvård tycks kvalitetsbegreppet öka i betydelse även i lagtexterna, där struktur- och processaspekter framkommer i kriminalvårdens nya fängelse- och häkteslagstftningen. I polislagen lyser dock begreppet kvalitet med sin frånvaro, vilket i sig inte hindrar att krav ställs på kvalitet genom andra kanaler.

    Undersökningen avslutas med en diskussion utifrån de sektorsvisa resultaten om behov av ständigt återkommande omprövningar av hur begreppet ska användas i lagen och avvägningar om risken för cementering av verksamheter å ena sida och rättsäkerhet samt tydlighet å den andra.

  • 53184.
    Örnerheim, Mattias
    Linköping university, Sweden.
    Mapping via Time-Geography to Elucidate Institutional, Economic and Political Change2012In: Proceedings of 15th Uddevalla Symposium,2012, Entrepreneurship and Innovation Networks / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Bohus: Ale Tryckteam , 2012, p. 1-10Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Change has always been an issue for studies in politics and economics. However, there are few systematic treatments of institutions. This paper exemplifies how institutions (i.e., rules, norms and conventions) relate to the time-geography concepts of constraints, which affect different agents, policy-making, as well as economic performance.This paper seeks to advance the current discussion and sets some groundwork for further elaboration on economic and political change from an ontological perspective based in time-geography. It offers an initial exploration of the analysis of institutional change by a conceptualization of constraints in time-geography.The contribution of this study lies in the fact that insights from a time-geography approach have the ability to make the evolutionary perspective more coherent in empirically-related works when grading and ordering institutions of relevance concerning economic and political evolvement.

  • 53185.
    Örnerheim, Mattias
    Linköping university.
    Marknadsskapande, valfrihet och e-hälsa i sjukvården: Utkast till avhandlingsdesign (lic.)2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 53186.
    Örnerheim, Mattias
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Mellan kunskap och politik: Kvalitetssystem och offentlig kunskapsstyrning i hälso- och sjukvården2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this thesis is to describe the quality development in Swedish healthcare from an institutional perspective, analyse implications of the development concerning the relationship between the medical profession and the public administrative system and discuss consequences for political direction and welfare organization. The study is based on four case studies and one conceptual analysis.

    The main conclusion is that the medical quality systems have been imbedded in the political management alongside the development towards a public knowledge management. The analysis has more specifically uncovered that quality registries in healthcare have been influenced by political ideologies, management ideas and ideas of transparency. It is also clear that open comparisons were an ‘unintended consequence’ of the quality registry development that has enhanced the development towards a public knowledge management.

    The analysis also shows that public knowledge management challenges the ideal of democratic enlightened understanding. The development of public knowledge management in the healthcare sector raises the question of who is governing whom in Swedish healthcare.

  • 53187.
    Örnerheim, Mattias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Police Education. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Policymaking through healthcare registries in Sweden2018In: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 356-365Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Healthcare registries, otherwise known in Sweden as national quality registries (NQRs), have progressed from being a patient-focused system supporting medical results to become the basis of a health policy steering instrument called regional comparisons (RCs). This article seeks to explain RCs as an unintended consequence of the NQR development, by utilizing the concepts of policy entrepreneurs and streams of impact: the problem stream (problem perceived), the policy stream (what is valid), and the political stream (governmental objectives). The empirical contribution lies in insights on how the RCs have developed as an unintended consequence of entrepreneurial deliberate action in the process of creating NQRs. These findings are based on documents, interviews, and previous research in the social sciences. The article also argues for a critical understanding of public knowledge management (PKM) related to experiences in the development of NQRs regarding how to use knowledge in healthcare government. This article highlights how knowledge generated in quality systems based on registries could imply a stronger role for authorities in exerting control over the medical profession. It also discusses the potential use of research evidence on NQRs as a base for more efficient policymaking.

  • 53188.
    Örnerheim, Mattias
    Linköping university, Sweden.
    What frames Quality Registers in Swedish Health Care: an institutional approach2011In: Proceedings from 14th Uddevalla Symposium, 2011 Entrepreneurial Knowledge, Technology and Transformation of Regions / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2011, p. 1-19Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quality issues strike the classical conflict in a democratic health-care deliverysystem of different interests among the politicians, the medical profession andpublic officials. This cannot be studied as a cut-off whiz. Quality registers havedeveloped over the past 40 years. Therefore, this paper puts the innovation ofquality registers in an institutional perspective. Two things are essential in thispaper. First, this paper reviews the emergence of quality registers in Swedish healthcare as an effect of institutional arrangements. Second, it analyses the interactionof diverse factors in different institutional settings and logics. The relevant data forthe study was collected from official/unofficial policy documents and key actorinterviews.The empirical findings show that three different waves of development can betraced in history that has highly affected the development of quality registers. Italso shows that medical quality is framed and determined by physicians in line withprofessional knowledge and by the primary institutional logic of quality in medicalcare. However, organisational quality in health care is framed by the logic ofpublic equity of access based on a third party payer and the logic of managerialcontrol. These two paths of quality developments are now federating in aninstitutional logic of transparency. The contribution of this paper is importantbecause it produces insights in different institutional logics, which frames the riseof the two quality paths and the problems they have to face in order to merge. It also enhances the existing knowledge that institutions matter.

  • 53189.
    Örnerheim, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping university, Sweden.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping university, Sweden.
    Implementering i vården: En kunskapsöversikt om beslutsnivåer och professionsperspektiv2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hälso- och sjukvården liksom socialtjänsten är under ständig förändring – medicinska framsteg skapar nya möjligheter till behandling samtidigt som behoven av hälso- och sjukvård och socialtjänst ökar i takt med att allt fler lever längre med kroniska sjukdomar. Socialtjänsten kommer att behöva stödja fler med långvariga och komplexa behov, vilket band annat kommer att ställa krav på ändrade arbetssätt. En fortsatt utveckling i vården och omsorgen är viktigt för att i dag och i framtiden kunna tillhandahålla en god vård och omsorg som patienter och brukare känner förtroende för.Samtidigt finns tecken på att utvecklingen och lärandet inte sker i den omfattning som behövs. I olika analyser har Vårdanalys genom åren visat att lärandet mellan olika verksamheter och huvudmän är begränsat. Orsakerna bakom det är flera.Hösten 2017 initierade vi ett forskningsuppdrag med ambitionen att utifrån litteraturen identifiera övergripande utmaningar när det gäller implementering i hälso- och sjukvården och socialtjänsten. Vi gav professor Mattias Elg och postdoktor Mattias Örnerheim vid institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling (IEI), Linköpings universitet, uppdraget att presentera en kunskapsöversikt på detta tema.Deras översikt har varit ett värdefullt bidrag till Vårdanalys arbeten under 2017 och 2018 som på olika sätt analyserat utvecklingsarbete och deras förutsättningar att bidra till långsiktig utveckling. Det är vår förhoppning att den här promemorian kan tjäna som ett kunskapsunderlag i den fortsatta diskussionen om hur vi kan skapa bättre förutsättningar till lärande och utveckling i vården och omsorgen.Den här promemorian är författarnas redovisning av forskningsuppdraget i sin helhet och de står själva för innehållet.

  • 53190.
    Örnerheim, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Triantafillou, Peter
    Roskilde University, Denmark.
    Explaining Quality Management in the Danish and Swedish Public Health Sectors: Unintended Learning and Deliberate Co-Optation2016In: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265, Vol. 39, no 12, p. 963-975Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the development of diverse quality systems in the otherwise quite similar Danish and Swedish public health sectors. After decades of numerous piecemeal medical and managerial quality development programs in both countries, a nationwide mandatory accreditation system was introduced in the Danish health services in 2009. Nationwide quality indicator projects are also found in Sweden, but there has been political attempt to introduce a compulsory system. This article seeks to explain this difference. It argues, first, that resistance from the medical professions blocked the introduction of compulsory, nationwide quality systems in both countries for decades. Second, the implementation of the Danish accreditation system was triggered by a combination of unintended policy learning produced by local reforms in two counties and of the Ministry of Health’s carefully orchestrated policy process that served to co-opt critical voices in the medical profession.

  • 53191.
    Örnerheim, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping university, Sweden.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping university, Sweden.
    Path Dependence on New Roads. Institutional Development of Quality Registers2014In: Offentlig Förvaltning. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2000-8058, E-ISSN 2001-3310, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 3-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When explaining social development and changes in public administration, institutional changeis a typical focus. Institutional analysis can combine the analyses of changes on the basis offormal legal and informal arrangements; it commonly shows that institutions lead to inertiawhere changes over time are concerned. Political aims are a guide to how organizations aredesigned and governed. When goals and earlier decisions clearly guide change, path dependenceis a fundamental concept when explaining change. However, this analysis shows how andwhen quality registers appeared as an answer to changes in institutional arrangements in Swedishpublic healthcare. Through three phases, cumulative processes have been visible and theprocesses have been followed by an improved and increased usage of quality registers andother quality systems. This analysis shows that institutional development can be pathdependentin relation to methods and means. Despite changing goals over time, quality registersas a policy tool have been path-dependent and stayed firm. Thus, it is important to see alsoorganisational methods as a development path that can be used to implement even new policyaims.

  • 53192.
    Örneskans, Klara Johanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lind, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Barnmorskans erfarenheter av pappan under aktiv förlossning och de förväntningar som ställs på honom.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 53193.
    Örnholmer, Karin
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences. University of Kalmar.
    Bergkvist, Zelena
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences. University of Kalmar.
    "Hon ska ju ha såna där brudkläder på sig": Barns tankar kring genus utifrån en saga2008Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att belysa hur barn i åldrarna tre till fem år tänker kring genus. Barnen fick lyssna på sagan ”Prinsessan Papperspåse” (Robert N. Munsch, 1980) och intervjuades sedan med utgångspunkt från sagan. Resultatet visar att barnen tänker relativt lika kring genus oberoende av kön och ålder. Både flickorna och pojkarna hade tydliga föreställningar om vad som är ett acceptabelt uppträdande av det motsatta könet. Framför allt hade de klara tankar om hur en flicka ska se ut om hon ska gifta sig. Att vara smutsig är för barnen inte acceptabelt, vare sig man är flicka eller pojke. Utan undantagsvis lade flickorna fokus på relationen mellan prinsessan och prinsen medan pojkarna lade fokus mer på draken och prinsen.

  • 53194.
    Örnlind, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Om detta är en psykiskt funktionshindrad.: - Diskurs, makt och subjekt i psykiatrireformen 19952012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate the political reformation of the psychiatric care in Sweden, that took place 1995. The main purpose is to illuminate the transformation of subjectivity for mentally ill people after the reform 1995. The group of people which are present in the study are those who former were subjects of care in psychiatric hospitals, but with regarding to the reform have moved out from the institutions and instead become clients for community care. This new group of mentally ill people became, in connection with the reform, subjects for a new concept psykiskt funktionshinder. This new label and concept, that were attached to the present group, is the main concept for the investigation in the present study. The method, that was used in the study, develops a textual based analysis of the official documents, that were produced in connection with the political decision to reform the care of mentally ill people. With a theoretical conceptuality taken from Michel Foucault, with concepts such as discourse, power, and subjectivity, are the documents analysed in order to illuminate how the new subjectivity, under the concept of psykiskt funktionshinder arise. The results shows how concepts as time and space are intertwined with strategies of power, that simultaneously function as conditions of possibility for this new subjectivity to exist. The main conclusion, in the study, is that the concept psykiskt funktionshinder must be understood with regard to an analysis of power relations, and that the power, which are latent in the present discourse, is a decisive condition for both clients and social workers to become subjects.

  • 53195.
    Örnros, Elsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sveriges feministiska utrikespolitik: En jämförande innehållsanalys av svensk utrikespolitik mellan åren 2010–20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the year of 2014, the new Swedish government declared itself as the world’s first feminist government. This thesis aims to study the Swedish foreign policy and thus to investigate if the declared feminist foreign policy has resulted in a changed foreign policy. By using two feminist theories; radical feminism and liberal feminism, the study’spurpose is to do a critical comparison between the governmental administration of Fredrik Reinfeldt in the years of 2010-2014, with the administration of Stefan Löfven between 2014-2018. After a recently finished first term of the feminist policy, the subject of this study is interesting in the perspective of evaluation. To investigate if the policy by fact has changed, a qualitative textual analysis will be used. Further, to analyze the foreign policy, foreign declarations from all years between 2011-2018 will constitute the material. In summary, the result demonstrates that a change in policy has appeared and can further be ascertained. Both administrations show clear features of liberal feminism. However, during the last term, between 2014-2018, the governmental policy has shown tendencies of more radical feminist elements. Although the world’s first feministgovernment has received great attention, the future of the feminist foreign policy is still indeterminate.

  • 53196.
    Örsäter, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Ett bruk i förfall: En studie av relationerna mellan Huseby bruk och dess lokala fackföreningar under nedgångsperioden 1947-19572017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Huseby bruk was a large isolated industry that bloomed during the 19th century and was located in the county of Småland, Sweden. It was a large industry focused on many different areas and in large it was self-sufficient. Like many other industries at the time Huseby bruk was lead by a patriarchal leader named Joseph Stephens who died in 1934. At this time many Swedish industries were in decline due to modernization and labour unions on the rise. The first local union on Huseby bruk officially started in 1947. After Joseph Stephens death the oldest daughter Florence Stephens took over the industry and lead it until 1957. The main focus of this study has been to look at the relations between the local labour unions and the managing directors during the period 1947-1957. Further the study has aimed to look at how conflicts between the unions and the managers were handled and if the unions were conscious of the downturn period that the industry was experiencing. Finally the study has looked at how the local labour unions interacted with other unions. The results of the study has shown that the patriarchal relations between worker and manager had ceased to exist. Instead the workers depended more upon the larger unions. The conflicts had an hierarchic order where the local union first tried to solve the conflict themselves before seeking help from larger unions. The local unions were conscious of the downturn period from which I have drawn the conclusion that the unions had a increased understanding for the conflicts they had with Huseby bruk.

  • 53197.
    Örtberg, Annika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Ledarutvecklingens trender - Isomorfism eller innovation?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership development trends - isomorphism or innovation? This study examines leadership development within organizations, including strategies, objectives and processes that help to shape the organizations leadership development. The study is based on nine in-depth interviews with planners/decision-makers in eight different organizations.

    A part of the study consists of a web based survey completed by managers/leaders, were the gathered results assist in providing further insight on the topic being studied. The interaction between different players and stakeholders, significant social changes as well as major challenges in the continued leadership development process are highlighted and analysed.

    The study's most important conclusion is that successful and innovative leadership development is based on constant curiosity, business intelligence, understanding of the individual employee’s needs, as well as and business goals whilst achieving this by constant interaction throughout the organization.

    The overall trend is that leadership development is being increasingly adapted and renewed. Knowledge, understanding, relationships and values are strengthened and that coaching, personal development and a capability for renewal are provided.

  • 53198.
    Örtegren, Josefin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Asfaltsstigar: En bok om kulturlandskap och försvinnande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här rapporten redovisas ett designprojekt som utgår ifrån vårt kulturlandskap

    ängen. Arbetet undersöker den problematik som rör ängarnas försvinnande samt utforskar kulturella och biologiska värden. Med hjälp av illustrerad bild och text i ett bokformat, där designern står som avsändare, strävar projektet efter att kommunicera aspekter av ängen och dess situation samt belysa ett rådande förhållningssätt i vår tid. Som metod utforskas och inventeras spår i det urbana kulturlandskapet och genom detta synliggörs såväl mänsklig aktivitet som tid och kulturella avtryck. Resultatet blir en bok med en blandning av text och bild i olika konstnärliga tekniker, som tillsammans målar upp en bild av författarens blick, minne och upplevelse av det som är och det som var.

    Titeln

    Asfaltsstigar är en kombination av två begrepp som syftar till de olika landskap som människan rör sig i.

  • 53199.
    Össmar, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Affective teaching and learning in a Swedish EFL classroom: A case study investigating teacher-student relationship and motivation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to previous research, affective aspects are, when successfully applied, presumed to increase cognitive learning in the language classroom. The research present on the affective domain was deemed insufficient since few observations in language classrooms had been made. This study gives a view on how affective teaching and learning are applied in a Swedish EFL classroom. Teacher-student relationships and motivation have been observed during three lessons in an English language classroom according to several categories of the two facets that were assembled prior to the observations and finalized afterwards. A case study was used as method for investigating how affective teaching and learning are used in practice. The case study indicated a frequent use of affective teaching in the classroom. All categories of relationship and motivation were detected during the lessons, indicating that the teacher is experienced in terms of using affective teaching and learning in her classroom. The study is important to language learning since it highlights the necessity of applying affective teaching and learning in the classroom. The results of the study indicate that there are several ways to develop positive teacher-student relationships and also demonstrates different approaches to how motivation can be generated by the teacher in a language classroom.

  • 53200.
    Össmar, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Interpersonella perspektiv i lärares elevtextkommentarer2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate what interpersonal relationships are constructedwhen a teacher comments on students’ texts. The investigation is based on 201 comments from one teacher and are analysed with a qualitative and a quantitative method. The theoretical frame of the investigation is founded on functional grammar and interpersonal perspectives, using the categories address, directions, praise, caution, and additions. The results show that directions are the most common feature of interpersonal perspectives found in the teacher’s comments. The second most common category is additions, constituting of confirmations, corrections and help in the teacher’s comments. Furthermore, two equally detected categories in the investigation are address and praise that are detected 53 times each. The least detected category is caution.

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