lnu.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1065106610671068106910701071 53351 - 53400 of 53922
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 53351.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. ICare.
    Israelsson, Johan
    Kalmar County Hospital.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås.
    Bremer, Anders
    University of Borås.
    Psychometric properties of the Hospital Anxiety and Depressionscale in sudden cardiac arrest survivors2015In: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 96, no Suppl 1, p. 141-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Emotional distress, in terms of anxiety and depression, is common among patients who survive a sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). The Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HAD) is one of the most used instruments to assess emotional distress in SCA survivors. However, it has not to our knowledge been psychometrically tested in this group of patients. The aim was therefore to evaluate the measurement properties of the HAD in SCA survivors.

    Materials and methods: Data from the Swedish Register of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation was used. In the register, data is collected 3–6 months after resuscitation by using a questionnaire including HAD. Data quality was evaluated according to the distribution of item and scale score and missing data patterns. A principal component factor analysis was conducted to explore the factor structure. Internal consistency was evaluated with Cronbach's alpha.

    Results: The sample consisted of 498 in-hospital survivors with a mean age of 69.3 ± 12.6 years. All items demonstrated problems with floor effects. The scale scores for both anxiety and depression deviated significantly from a normal distribution (p < 0.001). The factor analysis reproduced the hypothesized two-factor structure, which explained 59% of the total variance. The factor loadings varied between 0.547 and 0.778 for anxiety and between 0.651 and 0.780 for depression. Cronbach's alpha was 0.874 and 0.875 for anxiety and depression respectively.

    Conclusions: The HAD demonstrated good measurement properties among SCA survivors. Despite problems with floor effects, the two HAD scales, anxiety and depression, seem to be uni-dimensional measures with good internal consistency. Therefore, the HAD can be recommended to assess emotional distress among SCA survivors.

  • 53352.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Health related quality of life in elderly persons with chronic heart failure2007In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 6, p. 112-120Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 53353.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Social support and its relationship to health related quality of life among people 65 years and older with chronic heart failure.2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 53354.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Linköping Univ, Linköping, Sweden.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Johansson, Peter
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Social support and its association with health-related quality of life among older patients with chronic heart failure2013In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 69-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Social support is generally known to influence health-related quality of life (HRQoL), but this association is not well explored among older patients with chronic heart failure. Aims: (1) To describe social support in older patients with chronic heart failure in relation to gender. (2) To investigate if age, gender, cohabitation, perceived financial situation, and disease severity are associated with social support. (3) To investigate if social support is associated with HRQoL after controlling for age, gender, and disease severity. Methods: Data were collected in a sample of 349 patients (>= 65 years) with chronic heart failure. Patients' HRQoL was measured with the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire and the Short Form-12 Health Survey Questionnaire. The Interview Schedule for Social Interaction measured social support. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics, repeated-measure ANOVA, and multiple linear regression analyses with robust standard errors. Results: Social support was generally rated high, although being a man, living alone, perceiving a problematic financial situation, and high disease severity (NYHA) were associated with lower levels of social support. Age was not associated with social support. Social support was generally associated with HRQoL, in particular the emotional dimensions. Conclusion: Taking social support into account when caring for older patients with heart failure can be of importance for improving or maintaining HRQoL.

  • 53355.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sawatsky, Richard
    Trinity Western University, Canada.
    Israelsson, Johan
    Kalmar County Hospital.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås.
    Lilja, Gisela
    Lund University.
    Cronberg, Tobias
    Lund University.
    Bremer, Anders
    University of Borås.
    Psychometric properties of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale in cardiac arrest survivors2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HAD) is commonly used to assess emotional distress in different group of patients. Despite emotional distress is common in sudden cardiac arrest survivors (SCA), HAD have not to our best knowledge been psychometrically evaluated in this patient group.

    Purpose: The aim was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the HAD, with focus on factor structure, internal consistency and differential item functioning (DIF) for sex and age, in SCA survivors.

    Methods: Data from the national Swedish Register of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation were used, including HAD ratings from in-hospital cardiac arrest survivors, collected 3-12 months after resuscitation. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to evaluate the hypothesized two factor structure for Anxiety and Depression, respectively. Ordinal version of Cronbach’s alpha was calculated to evaluate internal consistency reliability of the two factors. Multiple indicator multiple causes CFA models (MIMIC) were used to detect presence of DIF.

    Results: The sample consisted of 604 in-hospital cardiac arrest survivors (mean age 69.4±12.6), 384 men and 220 women. The suggested two-factor model was confirmed after item 7 was allowed to cross-load on Depression. The internal consistency was satisfactory for both Anxiety (.92) and Depression (.91). No DIF for sex and age was demonstrated.

    Conclusion: This study shows that the HAD Anxiety and Depression subscales are unidimensional. Both scales can also be used to make invariant comparisons between groups of different sex and age. Therefore, HAD can be used to assess psychological distress (anxiety and depression) in SCA survivors.

  • 53356.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sawatzky, R.
    Trinity Western Univ, Canada.
    Israelsson, Johan
    Kalmar County Hospital.
    Herlitz, J.
    University of Borås.
    Lilja, G.
    Lund University.
    Cronberg, T.
    Lund University.
    Bremer, Anders
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Psychometric properties of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale in cardiac arrest survivors2017In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 16, p. S2-S3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 53357.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Broström, Anders
    Dahlström, Ulf
    Forsum, Elisabeth
    Löf, Mari
    Svanborg, Eva
    Perk, Joep
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Nyström, Fredrik
    Design and methodology of the NutriHeart study: a multifactorial and interdisciplinary approach to investigate nutrition and cardiac cachexia in patients with chronic heart failure2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 53358.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Linköping Univ, Sweden ; Ersta Skondal Univ Coll & Ersta Hosp, Sweden.
    Ågren, Susanna
    Linköping Univ, Sweden.
    Flemme, Inger
    Linköping Univ, Sweden.
    Moser, Debra K.
    Univ Kentucky, USA.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping Univ, Sweden.
    A psychometric evaluation of the four-item version of the Control Attitudes Scale for patients with cardiac disease and their partners2015In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 317-325Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The four-item Control Attitudes Scale (CAS) was developed to measure control perceived by patients with cardiac disease and their family members, but extensive psychometric evaluation has not been performed. Objective: The aim was to translate, culturally adapt and psychometrically evaluate the CAS in a Swedish sample of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) recipients, heart failure (HF) patients and their partners. Methods: A sample (n=391) of ICD recipients, HF patients and partners were used. Descriptive statistics, item-total and inter-item correlations, exploratory factor analysis, ordinal regression modelling and Cronbach's alpha were used to validate the CAS. Results: The findings from the factor analyses revealed that the CAS is a multidimensional scale including two factors, Control and Helplessness. The internal consistency was satisfactory for all scales (=0.74-0.85), except the family version total scale (=0.62). No differential item functioning was detected which implies that the CAS can be used to make invariant comparisons between groups of different age and sex. Conclusions: The psychometric properties, together with the simple and short format of the CAS, make it to a useful tool for measuring perceived control among patients with cardiac diseases and their family members. When using the CAS, subscale scores should be preferred.

  • 53359.
    Årestedt, Liselott
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Den ombokade resan: att leva som familj med kronisk sjukdom2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The overall aim was to generate deepened knowledge and understanding about families’ experiences of living as a family with chronic illness. The four studies aimed to: illuminate the meaning of living as a family in the midst of chronic illness (I), illuminate illness beliefs in those families (II), illuminate the meaning of place for family well-being (III) and describe the experiences of encounters with health care in families living with chronic illness (IV).

    Methods: All studies had qualitative designs and a Family Systems Nursing perspective. Data was collected through family interviews with families where an adult family member had lived with chronic illness for more than two years. The used analyses were phenomenological hermeneutic (I,III), hermeneutic (II) and content analysis (IV).

    Results: Living as a family with chronic illness was a continuously ongoing process where families co-created a context for living with illness and alternative ways for everyday life (I). Core and secondary beliefs within and across families about illness, family, and health care were revealed and showed for how families responded to and managed situations due to illness (II). Further, the meaning of place for family well-being was described as “a shared respite”, i.e. a place for relief, reflection and re-creation. It seemed to be important for families to be in secure places to enhance well-being (III). Living with chronic illness also includes frequent encounters with health care professionals and having an accompanying member constituted a great power. It helped families to get opportunities to collaborate, and receiving confirmation in the encounters (IV).

    Conclusions: Living as a family with chronic illness is a continuously ongoing process where family members constitute support for each other. Families have a common desire to handle challenges and changes due to illness and to co-create new patterns for everyday living. Therefore, if nurses adopt a Family Nursing Perspective and involve families in health care, families’ strengths and resources can be facilitated. Then, family well-being can be strengthened.

  • 53360.
    Årestedt, Liselott
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Benzein, Eva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Persson, Carina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö University.
    A shared respite: The meaning of place for family well-being in families living with chronic illness2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, article id 30308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Living with chronic illness is a family affair that involves ongoing changes and challenges in everyday life. When life changes, the environment is important for family health and well-being. The relation between a place and a family is rarely described, and therefore the aim of this study was to explore the meaning of place for family well-being in families living with chronic illness. A qualitative design was chosen. Data were collected by photovoice combined with narrative family research interviews with 10 families living with chronic illness. A phenomenological hermeneutic analysis was used to interpret the data. The results showed that the meaning of place for family well-being in families living with chronic illness can be described as "a shared respite.'' This main theme included three subthemes: "a place for relief,'' "a place for reflection,'' and "a place for re-creation.'' These results were further understood by means of the concept place security. Feeling well means having place security in these families. Through knowledge about the meaning of place for family well-being, health care personnel can stimulate families living with chronic illness to find respite in places that contribute to well-being, both in familiar and new places.

  • 53361.
    Årestedt, Liselott
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Persson, Carina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Benzein, Eva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Families Living With Chronic Illness: Beliefs About Illness, Family, and Health Care2015In: Journal of Family Nursing, ISSN 1074-8407, E-ISSN 1552-549X, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 206-231Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Beliefs can be described as the lenses through which we view the world. With emerging illness, beliefs about the illness experience become important for nurses to understand to enhance well-being and healing. The aim of this study was to illuminate illness beliefs of families living with chronic illness. A qualitative design was chosen, including repeated narrative research interviews with seven Swedish families living with chronic illness. Hermeneutic analysis was used to interpret the transcribed family interviews. The result described beliefs in families, both within and across families. Both core beliefs and secondary beliefs about illness, family, and health care were revealed. Illness beliefs have importance for how families respond to and manage situations that arise from their encounters with illness. Nurses have to make space for and listen to families’ stories of illness to become aware of what beliefs may support and encourage family well-being and healing. The Illness Beliefs Model provides a touchstone whereby nurses can distinguish both individual and shared beliefs within families living with chronic illness and provide ideas for family intervention if needed.

  • 53362.
    Årestedt, Liselott
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Persson, Carina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Benzein, Eva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Living as a family in the midst of chronic illness2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 29-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives

    The aim of the study was to illuminate the meaning of lived experience of living as a family in the midst of chronic illness.

    Background

    Chronic illness implies a change for both the individual and the family. In this changed situation, all family members seem to benefit from sharing experiences and receiving support. Current research highlights the individual patient's or family member's perspectives on chronic illness, but family systems nursing (FSN) studies are warranted.

    Design

    A qualitative design with a FSN approach was chosen.

    Method

    Repeated qualitative narrative interviews with seven families living with chronic illness were performed. A phenomenological hermeneutic analysis, inspired by Ricoeur, was used to interpret the data.

    Results

    The phenomenon can be described as an ongoing movement towards well-being. The results included two themes and five sub-themes. The first theme was ‘Co-creating a context for living with illness’ with the subthemes; ‘learning to live with the expressions of illness’ and ‘communicating the illness within and outside the family’. The second theme was ‘Co-creating alternative ways for everyday life’ with the subthemes; ‘adapting to a new life rhythm’, ‘altering relationships’ and ‘changing roles and tasks in the family’.

    Conclusions

    Living as a family in the midst of chronic illness can be described as an ongoing process where the family members co-create a context for living with illness. They also co-create a context for alternative ways of everyday life.

    Relevance to clinical practice

    Knowledge about lived experience of living as a family in the midst of chronic illness can help nurses to adopt a FSN care perspective. This can increase the chances of taking advantage of the ways family members manage situations

  • 53363.
    Årestedt, Liselott
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Persson, Carina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ramgard, Margareta
    Malmö University.
    Benzein, Eva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Experiences of encounters with healthcare professionals through the lenses of families living with chronic illness2018In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 836-847Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectivesTo describe and explore the experience of healthcare encounters in families living with chronic illness. BackgroundLiving with chronic illness is a family concern and often includes frequent encounters with healthcare professionals. These encounters affect how persons with illness and family members handle everyday life. Disease-related explanations are perceived by healthcare professionals as being of higher importance than the actual experience of illness, even though patients are concerned with issues involving their everyday life. DesignA descriptive design with a qualitative approach. MethodsNarrative family interviews were conducted with twelve families, using a qualitative content analysis. ResultsOne main category was indicated following analysis, specifically The impact of an accompanying family member. Additionally, three subcategories were revealed; The importance of collaboration, Mutual understanding, A desire to be confirmed in one's illness. Conclusions and relevance to clinical practiceHaving a participating family member increased the sense of power in families during encounters with healthcare professionals. This participation constitutes a level of support, making it easier for families to handle everyday life due to illness. Family members are, in most cases, included in discussions and decisions, both before and after encounters, and it should be a natural for healthcare professionals to invite them to the encounter too. This is an offer that may not fit every family, but the person with illness or the family should at least have the opportunity to choose.

  • 53364.
    Årheim, Annette
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Alla känner vi Tomas: Om litterärt vakuum och regressivt identitettsskapande2005In: "Det meningsfulla ordet är det mänskliga medvetandets mikrokosmos": Svensklärarens årsskrift 2004 / [ed] Richard Nordberg, Stockholm: Natur och Kultur , 2005, 1, p. 61-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 53365.
    Årheim, Annette
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Att beundra Ernest: Identifikationens dilemma i Michael Palins Hemingway's Chair2013In: Resor i tid och rum: Festskrift till Margareta Petersson / [ed] Annette Årheim, Maria olaussen, Peter Forsgren & Lars Elleström, Göteborg & Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2013, p. 410-426Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 53366.
    Årheim, Annette
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    "Det ska ha hänt i verkligheten": Om den självbiografiska genren i litteraturundervisningen2005In: Perspektiv på didaktik: Svenskämnet i fokus / [ed] Sofia Ask, Stockholm: Natur och Kultur , 2005, 1, p. 110-119Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 53367.
    Årheim, Annette
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    En logisk kullerbytta av kolossalformat2007In: Pedagogiska magasinet, ISSN 1401-3320, no 4, p. 58-61Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 53368.
    Årheim, Annette
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Kompetens och attityd i mångkulturella klassrum: Litteraturens möjligheter och begränsningar2004In: Texter och så vidare.: Svensklärarens årsskrift 2003 / [ed] Richard Nordberg, Stockholm: Natur och Kultur , 2004, 1, p. 95-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 53369.
    Årheim, Annette
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Language and Literature.
    Litteratur som spegel eller fönster?2011In: Ämnesdidaktik - dåtid, nutid och framtid: bidrag från femte rikskonferensen i ämnesdidaktik vid Linköpings universitet 26-27 maj 2010 / [ed] Bengt-Göran Martinsson & Suzanne Parmenius Swärd, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2011, 1, p. 155-165Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 53370.
    Årheim, Annette
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Medier och identitet: i gymnasisters mångkulturella vardag2005Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This partial study, being part of a future doctorial thesis, looks at the potential of education in the subject of literature to integrate the dual tasks of providing knowledge and of establishing democratic values. Two aspects of this competence for democracy are in focus here, both attributed with special importance by guiding documents, first of all to instil within the students a basic positive attitude towards a multicultural society and secondly to develop their ability for critical review of their own media culture as a source of knowledge. The aim is to explore the complexities of mediated experience in the social practices of everyday life from a multicultural perspective.

    The empirical material of this case study consists mainly of interviews and discussions on the themes of multiculturalism and media with six teenagers from one class at the social studies programme during their freshman year. This study presents teens of Swedish as well as foreign and dual ethnicity. Theory and concepts central to the analysis of my material are gathered from a wide variety of fields such as philosophy, sociology, media studies, history and literature. I have taken a starting point from discourse theory and its criticism of ideology with regards to the relationship between language and reality. The threat of an increasing ontological uncertainty in late modern society is often given a sense of the apocalyptic, however several theorists points to this as a necessity for the development of knowledge in the age of globalization. Discovering the presumed naturality of ones own culture and identity is the prerequisite for a nuanced view of the Other, a process in this study named narrative imagination, a concept from the philosopher Martha C. Nussbaum.

  • 53371.
    Årheim, Annette
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Language and Literature.
    Misery Lit: Om suget efter brutala och självutlämnande berättelser2012 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 53372.
    Årheim, Annette
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    När realismen blir orealistisk: Litteraturens "sanna historier" och unga läsares tolkningsstrategier2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis discusses challenges to teaching and learning literature arising from young upper secondary school students’ interest in and reading of contemporary literature with truth claims. The main starting-point is that something central happens to text interpretation since visual media are taking control of the understanding of the realism concept. By an overarching interpretation theory framework combined with an intermedial perspective production and reception aspects on the relation between literature/documents and authors/journalists in the current reality trend are linked in a comparative media-historical context to 19th-century realism and naturalism.

    My empirics are founded on material gathered in a high school class in the Social Science programme. The results of the material described in my licentiate thesis, combined with the classroom observations and group interviews on which this doctoral thesis is based, reveal a high complexity in young people’s understanding of the realism concept. In the study of the Realism period the text chosen for joint reading, Émile Zola’s Thérèse Raquin (1867), appears “unrealistic” to many young people. With the ambition to explain and deepen the understanding that young people’s reading of school classics does not lead to an experience of realism an analysis is made of Zola’s novel, showing that the thematic contact surfaces, which might awaken an interest, are counteracted by the author’s narrative strategies. The novel’s determinism and detailed richness create unease among the young, whose media experience is inculcated by emancipatory possibilities and quick visual cuts.

    The second part of the thesis discusses contemporary literature with claims on realism. Group interviews with young people fascinated by factual literature show that the truth pacts created in the encounter with these texts are often left unprocessed and unreflected on. Furthermore, the young readers’ statements support the hypothesis that the text “meaning” and status as a truth-carrier are today more and more controlled by the aggressive marketing of new literature. The thesis concludes with an analysis of the contemporary literature mentioned by the young as good examples of “true stories”. The aim is to study how the truth pacts are manifested in paratexts and texts. A comparison between original and paperback editions shows that the truth claims are always reinforced in the latter.

    The study results show that the traditional division of literature into fact and fiction is dissolving. The implications for teaching and learning literature that this study suggests are that the “true stories” of contempo-rary literature have an essential function to fulfil as long as the reception does not take place privately, which often leads to reproducing prejudices. Faction literature also proves a good potential for media-critical analysis within the subject of Swedish.

  • 53373.
    Årheim, Annette
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Perspektiv på värdet av skönlitterära erfarenheter2009In: Läsa bör man...?: Den skönlitterära texten i skola och lärarutbildning / [ed] Lena Kåreland, Stockholm: Liber , 2009, 1, p. 66-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 53374.
    Årheim, Annette
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    "Sanningen" som gör läsningen mödan värd: Litteratur med sanningsanspråk och ungdomar med autenticitetskrav2007In: Tala, lyssna, skriva, läsa, lära - modersmålsundervisning i ett nordiskt perspektiv: Fjärde nationella konferensen i svenska med didaktisk inriktning Umeå 16-17 november 2006 / [ed] Anders Sigrell, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2007, 1, p. 147-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 53375.
    Årheim, Annette
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Svenskläraren och mediepedagogiken2003In: Första nationella konferensen i svenska med didaktisk inriktning: Växjö 8-9 januari 2003 / [ed] Jan Einarsson & Gun Malmgren, Malmö: Malmö högskola , 2003, 1, p. 161-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 53376.
    Årheim, Annette
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Olaussen, MariaLinnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.Elleström, LarsLinnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.Forsgren, PeterLinnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Resor i tid och rum: Festskrift till Margareta Petersson2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 53377.
    Åsa, Andersson
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology. 9203045621.
    Förröjningsstrategier vid förstagallring.: En jämförelseanalys mellan två olika förröjningsmetoder.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The need for brushing before the first thinning has increased during the last few years. This brushing involves taking away small trees and bushes making it able for the harvester operator to see better and choose the correct trees to be harvested. In today’s silviculture the brushing is often neglected which means that the undergrowth becomes dense and leads to less efficiency for harvesters and a rise in costs. A well brushed first thinning will make the harvesting costs low and time efficient.

     

    In brushing before the 1st thinning all stems below 9 cm d bh are traditionally taken down. This has a tendency to become stereotyped; i.e. brushes are also taken away in areas where  stronger nature conservation should be applied, as in wetlands, edge zones, etc. The harvester operator then gets stuck in these zones which threaten the biodiversity. 

     

    This study aims at examining two different types of brushing methods before the thinning, the traditional one and another (new) method where environmental and nature protection aspects were taken into account to a greater degree; i.e. where more stems and undergrowth have been left over and edge zones were not brushed. The study results show that the latter one is to prefer as the more cost efficient one. It also protects the harvester to drive out into the edge zones. This method is also beneficial for the wildlife.

     

    Most harvester operators were positive to a new brushing manual. 

  • 53378.
    Åsberg, Christina
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Brukarnas syn på hemtjänsten: en kvantitativ undersökning i Gnosjö kommun2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 53379.
    Åsberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ohlsson, Anna-Stina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lek med språkljud.: En studie om hur förskolepedagoger inom tre pedagogiska inriktningar arbetar med språklekar kring fonologisk medvetenhet.2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande examensarbete bygger på en enkätundersökning bland pedagoger som är verksamma inom förskolor med olika pedagogiska inriktningar i två kommuner. De tre inriktningarna representeras av förskolepedagoger, som enbart arbetar utifrån förskolans läroplan, Montessorilärare samt pedagoger som arbetar utifrån Reggio Emiliafilosofin. Vår undersökning visar att en hel del lärare, som är verksamma inom samtliga inriktningar, framför allt arbetar med såväl planerade som spontana språklekar som rör rim, ramsor samt stavelser. Färre pedagoger arbetar med språklekar som rör enskilda språkljud i ord, vilket är mer abstrakt och kommer senare i utvecklingen av den fonologiska medvetenheten. 

    Vid en jämförelse mellan de olika inriktningarna kan vi skönja, att flest Montessorilärare arbetar med språklekar som rör språkljud på förskolorna. Färst pedagoger som arbetar med dessa lekar är verksamma på de förskolor, där lärarna arbetar utifrån Reggio Emiliafilosofin. 

  • 53380. Åsberg, Marie
    et al.
    Nygren, Åke
    Leopardi, Rosario
    Rylander, Gunnar
    Peterson, Ulla
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Wilczek, Lukas
    Källmén, Håkan
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    Karolinska Institute.
    Åkerstedt, Torbjörn
    Lekander, Mats
    Ekman, Rolf
    Novel biochemical markers of psychosocial stress in women2009In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 4, no 1, p. e3590-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Prolonged psychosocial stress is a condition assessed through self-reports. Here we aimed to identify biochemical markers for screening and early intervention in women.

    METHODS: Plasma concentrations of interleukin (IL) 1-alpha, IL1-beta, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, interferon-gamma (INF-gamma), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), epidermal growth factor (EGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), total tri-iodothyronine (TT3), total thyroxine (TT4), prolactin, and testosterone were measured in: 195 women on long-term sick-leave for a stress-related affective disorder, 45 women at risk for professional burnout, and 84 healthy women.

    RESULTS: We found significantly increased levels of MCP-1, VEGF and EGF in women exposed to prolonged psychosocial stress. Statistical analysis indicates that they independently associate with a significant risk for being classified as ill.

    CONCLUSIONS: MCP-1, EGF, and VEGF are potential markers for screening and early intervention in women under prolonged psychosocial stress.

  • 53381.
    Åsberg, Ylva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Interkulturelle Organisationskommunikation: Eine kontrastive Studie zur interkulturellen Kommunikation in deutschen und schwedischen Betrieben2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Germany and Sweden are important business partners. In business it is important to be aware of different organizational cultures. Sweden and Germany are in many aspects alike, but at the same time there are cultural differences. In this study, research was conducted to compare part of the Swedish-German organizational communication as well as the meaning of intercultural communication in different companies. Online questionnaires were answered by 18 respondents. They included Swedes at a company in Sweden, which was bought by a German company and Germans at a company in Germany, which was bought by a Swedish company. Interviews with two executive directors, one at a Swedish company and one at a German company were made as well. The results of this study show that Germany has a strong hierarchal structure in comparison with Sweden. Sweden has a flatter structure, where meetings are a big part of the community within the organization. The most striking difference between the organizational cultures in both countries is the hierarchy.

  • 53382.
    Åsbring, P.
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linköpings universitet.
    Patient power and control: A study of women with uncertain illness trajectories2004In: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 226-240Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors interviewed 12 women diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome and 13 with fibromyalgia with the aim of determining the strategies they perceive themselves as using to gain control over their situation during the health care process. The results highlight various strategies that the women report applying to find a way of managing the illness and to influence caregivers. They describe, for example, how they try to gain control over their situation by acquiring knowledge about the illness. The women also describe various power strategies they use in their interaction with the caregivers to take command of their situation, namely exiting, noncompliance, confrontation, persuasion/insistence, making demands, and demonstrative distancing. © 2004 Sage Publications.

  • 53383.
    Åsbring, Pia
    et al.
    Institutionen för Folkhälsovetenskap KI.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linköpings universitet.
    Ideal versus reality: Physicians perspectives on patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and fibromyalgia2003In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 711-720Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Encountering patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or fibromyalgia can cause dilemmas for physicians due to the uncertainty inherent in these illnesses. The aim of this study was to investigate: (1) How physicians in a Swedish sample describe and categorise patients with CFS and fibromyalgia, (2) What the character of CFS and fibromyalgia, with regard to diagnosing, treatment and medical knowledge/aetiology, mean to the physicians in encounters with patients, and (3) Which strategies physicians describe that they use in the encounter with these patients. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 26 physicians, specialists in various fields who all had some experience of either CFS or fibromyalgia. The results suggest that there is a discrepancy between the ideal role of the physician and reality in the everyday work in interaction with these patients. This may lead to the professional role being questioned. Different strategies are developed to handle the encounters with these patients. The results also illuminate the physician's interpretations of patients in moralising terms. Conditions given the status of illness were regarded, for example, as less serious by the physicians than those with disease status. Scepticism was expressed regarding especially CFS, but also fibromyalgia. Moreover, it is shown how the patients are characterised by the physicians as ambitious, active, illness focused, demanding and medicalising. The patient groups in question do not always gain full access to the sick-role, in part as a consequence of the conditions not being defined as diseases. ⌐ 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 53384.
    Åsbring, Pia
    et al.
    Centre for Development of Health Services, Department of Public Health Sciences at Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linköpings universitet.
    Women's experiences of stigma in relation to chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia2002In: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 148-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia are characterized by being difficidt to diagnose and having an elusive etiology and no clear-cut treatment strategy. The question of whether these illnesses are stigmatizing was investigated through interviews with 25 women with these illnesses. The women experienced stigmatization primarily before receiving a diagnosis, and the diffuse symptomatology associated with the illnesses were significant for stigmatization. Stigma consisted of questioning the veracity, morality, and accuracy of patient symptom descriptions and of psychologizing symptoms. Coping with stigma was also explored and found to comprise both withdrawal and approach strategies, depending on the individual's circumstances and goals.

  • 53385.
    Åsenholm, Andreas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Hult, Carl
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Insamling och hantering av data om sjömäns förhållande till arbete och yrke2012In: Sjömän och sjömansyrke 2010: en studie i attityder till arbete och yrke under olika skeden i sjömanslivet / [ed] Hult, Carl, Sjöfartshögskolan, Linnéuniversitetet , 2012, 1, p. 51-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 53386.
    Åsenius, Olof
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    BNWAS - Sju år senare: En studie i hur implementeringen av BNWAS har påverkat sjöfarten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BNWAS was implemented in SOLAS, chapter V in 2009. Since that year, different types of ships have had different time schedules to install the system onboard. Navigational watch keepers have expressed both positive and negative attitudes towards the system and the operation of it. The purpose was to shed light upon how the implementetion of BNWAS has developed practically at the end users. The purpose of the study has been fulfilled through both qualitative and quantitative methods. Accident investigation reports both before and after the implementation were examined togheter with examinations and reviews of earlier studies regarding questions about implementation. This work was done to reach the goal of the study with a reliable result. These results implied that the implementation had encountered the same problems as earlier implementations (in the same area) had. They also showed that groundings of ships occured in the same way both before and after the implementation. The conclusions was that the implementation of BNWAS could have been developed more smoothly if the problems from earlier implementations had been accounted for. The groundings have however been reduced significantly since the implementation, whether it is due to the implementation or something else is still to be found out with a more comprehensive study.

  • 53387.
    Åsenlöf, Pernilla
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Bergman, Patrick
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Demmelmeier, Ingrid
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Nordgren, Birgitta
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Opava H, Christina
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Sedentary time among adults with rheumatoid arthritis. The PARA 2010 study2013In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 72, no Suppl 3, p. 766-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 53388.
    Åsheden, Christin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kvinnors erfarenhet av urininkontinens: -en fenomenografisk studie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt

    Bakgrund: Urininkontinens är ett vanligt problem bland kvinnor och kan generellt definieras som oavsiktligt läckage av urin. De mest förekommande typerna av urininkontinens är ansträngningsinkontinens, trängningsinkontinens samt blandinkontinens. Urininkontinens förekommer i alla åldrar men ökar med stigande ålder. Urininkontinens kan orsaka ett stort lidande och påverka kvinnor på olika sätt i det dagliga livet.

    Syfte: Beskriva kvinnors erfarenhet av att leva med urininkontinens.

    Metod: En kvalitativ design har använts med en fenomenografisk forskningsansats. Patienter från tre olika inkontinensmottagningar i Kronobergs län har enskilt intervjuats. Data har sedan analyserats enligt en fenomenografisk analys.

    Resultat: Fem beskrivningskategorier framkom av analysen och beskrivs i resultatet. Att känna begränsningar i vardagen, att kunna hantera vardagen, att lägga skulden på sig själv, att hantera stressade situationer samt att våga.

    Slutsats: Att leva med urininkontinens påverkar kvinnors vardag på olika sätt. Det medför olika begränsningar i vardagen som att inte kunna utföra de saker som de önskar. Det innebär också att i stressade situationer använda sig av olika strategier för att hantera situationen. Många kvinnor lägger skulden på sig själva att de orsakat sina besvär, men det finns även kvinnor som inte anser urinläckage som något hinder i deras vardag. Däremot anser alla kvinnor det viktigt att våga ta kontakt med vården för att få hjälp med sin urininkontinens.

  • 53389.
    Åslin, Amanda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Svensson, Matilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Kompetensbaserad rekrytering: En empirisk undersökning om hur Landstinget Kronoberg hanterar rekryteringen i förhållande till rekryteringsbehov och krav på mångfald och kompetens i arbetslivet2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En kvalitativ fallstudie har genomförts med syfte att förstå hur Landstinget Kronoberg hanterar rekryteringen i förhållande till det stora rekryteringsbehovet och kraven på mångfald i arbetslivet. För att söka svar på uppsatsens tre frågeställningar har relevanta teorier granskats och legat till grund för bakgrund och teorikapitel. Tre semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts med personer som är väl insatta i och har kunskap om Landsting Kronobergs rekryteringsprocess och strategi för att tillgodose behovet av personal. Även en innehållsanalys av deras styrdokument har genomförts. Slutsatserna av studien är att Landsting Kronoberg är väl medveten om det ökande behovet av arbetskraft och arbetar strategiskt med detta. Ett sätt är att arbeta för att bli en attraktiv arbetsgivare och de har därför olika tillvägagångssätt för att uppnå detta. Bland annat satsar de på att skapa ett större intresse hos ungdomar till att arbeta inom vården. I samband med alla rekryteringar strävar Landstinget Kronoberg efter att genomföra alla delar i rekryteringsprocessen, för att säkerställa en anställning med kvalitet. Landsting Kronoberg arbetar efter en kompetensbaserad rekryteringsmodell, där fokus ligger på att finna och anställa den kandidat med bäst kompetens för den aktuella tjänsten. Informanterna menar att genom att endast fokusera på kompetens vid rekryteringen, leder det indirekt till mångfald i organisationen. Mångfaldsarbete är inget de verkar för i nuläget, dock föreslås det i uppsatsens diskussionskapitel att de bör ha ett uttalat mångfaldsarbete som ett sätt att möta det kommande behovet av arbetskraft.

  • 53390.
    Åslund, Isabelle
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Ridåker, Jenny
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Yassin, Leila
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    PODVERTISING: -Swedish Attitudes towards International Ad-spots in Podcasts2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For years companies have fashioned communication strategies based on print, radio, and TV

    to broadcast their message. But times are changing. This is the Internet era and this, together

    with the fact that consumer electronics business has exploded in the recent years and that new

    digital technologies have produced offspring, have lead to more media opportunities than ever

    before. One of the latest inventions in interactive media technology is podcasting. It seems

    like podcasting is here to stay and it is time for forward-thinking marketers to start looking at

    podvertising.

    Our purpose is to examine the attitudes towards international ad-spots in podcasts among

    Swedish podcast users. This we do by asking the research question ‘Is the use of international

    ad-spots in podcasts a viable marketing strategy in the Swedish market? Why?’

    Based on our theoretical framework, we have identified aspects about advertising in general,

    podvertising and attitudes towards them both. We have also identified aspects that show how

    attitudes differ among age cohorts. These aspects were then tested on Swedish podcast users.

    We can conclude that there are both advantages and disadvantages for international

    companies that wish to use international ad-spots in podcasts as a marketing strategy in

    Sweden. Most podcast users are young and do not like advertising, especially not advertising

    in podcasts. They rather search for information themselves; hence infomercials in the form of

    podcasts could be a better alternative for companies to use to attract the younger audience.

    Generation X was less negative to the thought of being exposed to international ad-spots in

    podcasts and this could indicate that international ad-spots could be a part of a strategy when

    targeting this generation. However, if you consider the fact that international ad-spots are

    either standardized or adapted to the country where they were produced, the effectiveness of

    them can be questioned.

  • 53391.
    Åslund, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Yousef, Shirin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Svensk kod för bolagsstyrning: Vem finner nytta med den?2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Master thesis in business administration, School of business administration, Linnaeus University, accounting, 4FE03E, Spring 2011.

    Authors: Linda Åslund and Shirin Yousef.

    Supervisor: Professor Sven-Olof Yrjö Collin

    Examiner: Christopher von Koch

    Title: The Swedish code of good governance – Who finds it useful? 

    Background: Corporate governance has emerged to maintain the stockholders interests in corporations where the owners are separated from control in order to create confidence in the corporations. In 2005 the Swedish code of good governance emerged to prevent in part additional corporate scandals from happening and to make sure that the board is acting in the interest of the owners. The code is a complement to the Swedish Companies Act since it has a more strict demand in certain areas but it gives the companies a possibility to deviate by either complying or explaining their actions.

    Purpose: The purpose with this thesis is to examine who finds the Swedish code of good governance useful.

    Method: The research method of this survey is quantitative where the purpose is to investigate deviations in the companies’ corporate governance reports. The scientific approach is deductive where empirical data is generated from the theories. Secondary data is gathered from the companies’ corporate governance reports and annual reports. 

    Conclusions: Out of the different variables that we examined we find significant correlations between the boards ownership, Audit Bureau, female auditors, institutional and foreign owned corporations, the corporations profitability, type of business, stock-exchange lists and the number of deviations which the corporations does and on some of the recommendations in Swedish code of good governance. From these variables we make the conclusion on who finds the Code useful.

  • 53392.
    Åslund, Linn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Chasing the Phantom: Translating Medical Terminology and Metaphors in Popular Science2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 53393.
    Åslund, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Striwing, Helena (Editor)
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Kompendium i lag (2007:1150) om tillsyn över hundar och katter2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 53394. Åslund, O
    et al.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Do When and Where Matter?: Initial Labor Market Conditions and Immigrant Earnings2007In: Economic Journal, ISSN 0013-0133, E-ISSN 1468-0297, Vol. 117, no 518, p. 422-448Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the long-term effects on immigrant earnings and employment of labour market conditions encountered upon arrival. We find that early earnings assimilation depends crucially on a favourable national labour market. Exposure to high local unemployment rates also affects individuals for at least ten years. To handle the issue of selective migration, we compare refugees entering Sweden during a severe and unexpected recession to refugees arriving during a preceding economic boom. The analysis of effects at the local level exploits a governmental refugee settlement policy to get exogenous variation in local labour market conditions.

  • 53395. Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Shifting attitudes and the labor market of minorities - Swedish experiences after 9-112004In: European Society for Population Economics, Bergen, Norway, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 53396. Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Shifting attitudes and the labor market of minorities: Swedish experiences after 9-112004Report (Refereed)
  • 53397.
    Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    IFAU (Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation), Uppsala, Sweden.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Shifts in attitudes and labor market discrimination: Swedish experiences after 9-112005In: Journal of Population Economics, ISSN 0933-1433, E-ISSN 1432-1475, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 603-629Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present longitudinal survey data suggesting that the terrorist attacks in the USA on September 11, 2001, changed attitudes toward certain minorities in Sweden. This finding is consistent with results in previous studies. To investigate whether this change in attitudes also affected the labor market situation of these minorities, we study unemployment exit around 9-11 using detailed data on the entire Swedish working-age population. Contrary to what may be expected from many theories of labor market discrimination, the time pattern of exits and entries for different ethnic groups, as well as difference-in-differences analyses, shows no sign of increased discrimination toward these minorities. A possible explanation for this result is that employers act rationally in their hiring decisions and do not respond to changes in attitudes toward immigrants as a group.

  • 53398.
    Åstedt, Eric
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Mörck, Robin
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    En relation mellan The Big Five och Health Locus of Control?2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersökte relationen mellan karaktärsdragen i The Big Five och Health Locus of Control (HLC). Testen NEO-FFI och MHLC användes för att mäta karaktärsdragen och dimensionerna i HLC. 130 studenter vid Växjö universitet deltog i studien. Resultatet visade en relation mellan Conscientiousness och dimensionen Intern HLC. Extraversion hade en något svagare relation till IHLC. Studenter med en högre grad av Conscientiousness eller Extraversion hade generellt en högre grad av IHLC. Neuroticism hade en relation till dimensionen Powerful others (PHLC). Studenterna med en högre grad Neuroticism hade också i allmänhet en högre grad av PHLC. De funna relationerna kan tyda på att karaktärsdragen tillsammans med HLC möjligen kan påverka faktorer som inverkar på hälsan.

  • 53399.
    Åstrand, Adam
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Abd, Naimul
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    What corporate social media content leads to higher consumer response: A study of local brands in Sweden2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Social media is connecting billions of people from across the globe by fulfilling basic human needs of socializing and getting entertained. While companies are now actively turning to social media to know their customers better, build strong relationships, and spread marketing messages, many are still struggling to figure out what corporate social media content actually works on social media.

    Purpose: This research aims to understand what type of corporate social media content generates the most consumer response.

    Methodology: This study employs content analysis of recent social media posts by a selection of top brands in Sweden on two main social media platforms: Facebook and Twitter. A total of ten brands with origin from Sweden were selected, based on 2015 Swedish Brand Award ranking, and their posts were examined to find out influence of corporate social media content on consumer response. A total of 400 posts were examined on verified Twitter profiles and Facebook Pages of these brands.

    Findings: Type of content which refers to whether the post has image, video, or text-only content, and content orientation which can be task-oriented, self-oriented, or interaction-oriented have a statistically significant relationship with consumer response. In terms of type of content, posts with video and image content can lead to higher consumer response and in terms of content orientation task-oriented content can lead to higher consumer response. Other variables in the study, namely, communication cues, traceability cues, and time-frame have not emerged as significant in this study.

    Implications: When developing corporate social media content, it’s important to focus on type of content and content orientation. In terms of type of content, managers need to focus on having video and image content as this could lead to higher consumer response and in terms of content orientation, content related to brand / product / promotion (task-oriented) can lead to higher consumer response.

    Limitations: The study relies only on two main social media platforms and on the last 20 posts of each brand on each of these platforms and doesn’t take into account any seasonality as a full year period has not been studied. The study also relies on a general brand ranking list based in Sweden and not a ranking of brands on social media space.

    Further Research Suggestions: Future studies could focus on bringing more social media platforms into inquiry, improving sampling robustness by having a larger sample size and broader coverage of time period to account for any seasonality in data, comparing results between different countries, having a broader mix of brands in terms of type of business area or sector or stage of brand development, and blending together the corporate and consumer perspectives. Finally, to account for platform size differences, researchers need to come up with a measure that controls for this variation across platforms.

    Keywords: Social Media Content, Social Media Platforms, Facebook, Twitter, Communication

  • 53400.
    Åstrand, Bengt
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Avoiding drug-drug interactions.2009In: Chemotherapy, ISSN 1421-9794, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 215-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND

    Drugs may be prescribed in combinations causing drug-drug interactions (DDI) and adverse drug reactions (ADR), resulting in hospital care.

    METHODS

    To provide prescribers of drug therapy with a better knowledge of individuals' current drug therapy, governments have started to collect prescribing data.

    RESULTS

    The data on individuals' dispensed drugs is available for prescribers, pharmacists, and the registered individuals in Sweden and Denmark. The information has not yet come to an extensive use in healthcare. Pilot projects have been reported positively, but accessibility has to be improved.

    CONCLUSIONS

    To avoid DDIs, reliable information on all drugs used by each single individual needs to be available at the point of care. Knowledge databases about clinically relevant DDIs must be updated and accurate. To tailor the magic bullet for the individual, new genomic- and proteomic-based knowledge about the individual has to be considered in the future.

1065106610671068106910701071 53351 - 53400 of 53922
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf