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  • 53451.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Historia - ett ämne för arkivnötare?: Om användningen av otryckt källmaterial från arkiv i doktorsavhandlingar i historia 1969–2009 (2010)2011In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 77, no 2, p. 108-125Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 53452.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    I fyrkens tid. Politisk kultur i två ångermanländska landskommuner 1860-1930 (författare Erik Nydahl)2011In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, no 1, p. 175-176-Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 53453.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Ingen kopia av riksdagsvalet: Utfallet av valen till kommunfullmäktige 2010 i landets 290 kommuner, med särskilda fallstudier av Sverigedemokraternas agerande.2011In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 113, no 4, p. 449-463Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 53454.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Kommunal demokrati i miniatyr: Holmön som Sveriges minsta kommun 1925/1952-1973 i en mikrohistorisk studie2011In: Heimen, ISSN 0017-9841, E-ISSN 1894-3195, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 161-175Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 53455.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Statsvetenskap.
    Kommunala reformer och kommunal demokrati under 150 år - med en blick mot framtiden2008In: Vem har ansvar för välfärden?: Hur uppgifterna fördelas mellan stat, landsting/region och kommun, Region Skåne, Sveriges kommuner och landsting, Västra Götalandsregionen , 2008, p. 115-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 53456.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Lurifaxarnas framfart - Husebyaffären 1956-19642010In: Småländska brott: Brott och straff i Småland under 500 år / [ed] Johansson, Lennart, Nilsson, Roddy & Nordmark, Håkan, Växjö: Historiska föreningen i Kronobergs län , 2010, 1, p. 289-305Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 53457.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Länets betydelse: Fallstudier av kommunblocksreformens lokala genomförande i Blekinge och Hallands län 1962-19742013 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 53458.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Män från landsbygden: Riksdagsledamöter i Bondeförbundet/Centerpartiet 1933-19702014In: Personhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0031-5699, no 1-2, p. 95-116Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 53459.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Niels Clemmensen, Konflikt och konsensus i kommunen , anmälan av Erik Wångmar2012In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, no 3, p. 538-540Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 53460.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Statsvetenskap.
    Något vid sidan av välfärden: Holmön som den sista småkommunen i Sverige 1925-19732008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Holmön, situated in the county of Västerbotten, consists of several islands in the Gulf of Bothnia. At the end of the year 1973 these islands only had 155 citizens. However, in spite of the small population size, these islands formed an independent municipality between 1925 and 1973, making it the smallest one in Sweden.

    This study deals with democracy and politics at the municipal level at Holmön, and the aim is to investigate the extent to which small political unites, such as Holmön, can manage the welfare duties imposed on all municipalities by national legislation.

    The main group of elected officials at Holmön were composed of a small assembly of dominant men. Only very few women participated, and the limited involvement of women were restricted to committees dealing with issues solely related to social life and schooling. The general political activity of the Holmön municipality was restricted to duties made compulsory

    by national legislation, and even though the municipality had a weak economy taxes were kept at low levels. Politics in the municipality was indeed characterized by economic thriftiness.

    In the study, Holmön is furthermore compared with other small municipalities, in Sweden as well in other Western European countries. Several of these countries – e.g. Finland, Norway and Iceland – to this day have municipalities with population sizes as small as Holmön.

  • 53461.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Statsvetenskap.
    Sambandet mellan kyrklig och kommunal indelning 1863-19992004In: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift 2004, Svenska Kyrkohistoriska Föreningen, Uppsala , 2004, p. 20-Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Before 1863 the rural parishes were responsible

    for both the ecclesiastical and the local government

    matters. By this time the parishes were divided in

    two different units, one for the ecclesiastical matters

    and one for the local government matters. Because

    of that the parishes and the local government areas

    were mostly the same. The mutal parish areas and the

    local government areas coincide in very few cases.

    The rare exceptions from that were combined town

    and countryside mutal parishes.

    When the parliament in 1919 decided a new law of

    division it was emphasized that the local government

    division was the most important division at the local l

    evel. Because of that the local government division

    should be totally independent from the parish division.

    In spite of that it was not so important before the great municipal amalgamation in Sweden in 1952. During the parliamentary treatment of the municipal division it was discussed to what extent the new large municipalities

    should coincide with the mutal parishes. The difficulty

    was that many mutal parishes hade less than 2000

    inhabitants, which was prescribed minimum population

    for the new large municipalities. During the local

    realization several municipalities wanted the mutal

    parishes to be new large municipalities, despite they

    hade less than 2000 inhabitants. Because of the

    decision in principle at national level the demands

    were mostly rejected. The great municipal

    amalgamation in 1952 was the last occasion

    when an ecclesiastical division was discussed as a

    model for the municipal division.

    At the mutal parish reform in 1962 the great municipals

    became a very important model for the new bigger mutal parishes. The Swedish Church was not entirely satisfied

    with this decision. There were probably two reasons.

    Partly it was a desire to keep mutal parishes in spite of

    the fact that they were located in more than one

    municipal, partly it might be easier to keep mutal

    parishes with rather few inhabitants. In 1962 70

    percent of the Swedish municipalities were a mutal

    parish at the same time.

    The strong connection between the municipalities and

    mutal parishes was not permanent for a long time.

    Already in 1962 the parliament made a decision in

    principle on a new municipal amalgamation. When

    the new municipal division was decided in 1964 very

    few municipalities had the same area as a mutal parish,

    because the new municipalities at least should have

    8000 inhabitants. Another consequence of the new

    municipal division was that the number of mutal parishes

    which were located in more than one municipality

    increased. Because of that it was necessary to change

    the mutal parish division. This process started in the

    early 1970s, but was not yet fully completed in 1999.

    These mutal parish adjustments have been the most

    important changes of the ecclesiastical division in

    Sweden during the last three decades of the 20th

    century. Since 1952 nearly all changes of the

    ecclesiastical division have been realized with the

    municipality division as a model. The Church has

    lacked fully freedom of action to change its own

    ecclesiastical division.

  • 53462.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Political Science.
    Samlingsstyre - Blockstyre - Mångstyre: Kommunalpolitiska styrelseformer 1952-20022006Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    This book, with the title Coalition rule - bloc rule - multiple rule, deals with the development of the forms of government that have been put into practice in Swedish municipalities during the period 1952-2002. Forms of government refer to how the power, in the form of chairmanship of local administrations, has been distributed between the majority and minority in the different municipal councils. Two levels are involved in this study. First a national investigation, which for the main part of the period is done in the form of a total survey. Second, more detailed case studies applicable to the development in the county of Kronoberg, Småland.

    As the title indicates the development of the forms of government in Swedish municipalities can be classified into

    three main phases. The first phase, coalition rule, means that the majority and the minority shared chairmanships of local administrations. This was valid at the time of the starting-point of the study and continued until the beginning of the 1970s. The second phase, bloc rule, was seriously modelled during the first half of the 1970s and implied that one of the traditional political blocs had all the chairmanships in a municipality. The third and last phase, multiple rule, can be said to have started in the mid 1990s. This phase was characterised by softened bloc politics, among other things as a consequence of the fact that the Green Party and various local parties had the position as the balance of power in considerably more municipalities.

    The theoretical framework of the study is composed by the concepts of conflict and consensus, political culture, practice, hegemony and coalition formation. These five elements seem to be interrelated, and they should serve as suitable instruments of analysis. This should make the empirical results more possible to generalise. Conflict and consensus can be connected to the political culture by the fact that the political culture in a municipality can be characterised by either conflict or consensus. The political culture can then lead to a certain practice. For example, under a long succession of terms of office, a system is applied with as far-reaching majority marks

    as the law allows, where one of the traditional political blocs always is in power in the municipality. There is also an ambition to develop the theoretical insights better, in particular in two cases. First, there is an effort to formulate ideal models of municipal politics on the basis of the conception of hegemony. Second, there is an attempt to integrate the human factor in the theories of coalition formation.

  • 53463.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Statsvetenskap.
    Socknar som kom och socknar som gick: Förändringar av socken-/församlingsindelningen i Småland 1686-18622007Book (Other academic)
  • 53464.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Sparsamhet och konservatism i högsätet: om bondeförbundaren Axel Rubbestad2011In: Personhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0031-5699, no 1, p. 23-46Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 53465.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Stadsbegreppet i Sverige och i övriga Norden2011In: Nordisk Tidskrift för vetenskap, konst och industri, ISSN 0029-1501, no 1, p. 49-56Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 53466.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Statligt eller kommunalt polisväsende i Sverige: argument förr och nu2018In: Kriminologi och poliskunskap: mötet mellan forskning och praktik / [ed] Peter Lindström & Ulf Sempert, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 197-231Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 53467.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Statsvetenskap.
    Svenska statsråd 1945-20032005In: Personhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0031-5699, no 2, p. 18-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 53468.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Svensson, Gustaf Hjalmar2019In: Svenskt Biografiskt Lexikon: Häfte 170, Swenson - Swensson / [ed] Åsa Karlsson, Stockholm: Riksarkivet, 2019, 1, p. 696-700Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 53469.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Så blev det Karlstads kommun 1971: Om kommunsammanläggningarna som ledde fram till den nuvarande kommunbildningen2012In: Pionjärer, kravaller och fattiga bönder: Berättelser om Karlstad med omnejd under 150 år, 1863-2012 / [ed] Jon Räftegård, Karlstad: Karlstads kommunarkiv , 2012, 1, p. 285-337Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 53470.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Tage Erlander. Dagböcker 19592009In: Personhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0031-5699, no 2, p. 236-238Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 53471.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Tillit och korruption: Korruption - Maktmissbruk och bristande tillit i svensk lokalpolitik 1963-20112013 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 53472.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities. Historia.
    Vägen till sockensjälvstyelsens upphörande: Bakgrund och beslutsprocess rörande storkommunreformen2001Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 53473.
    Wångmar, Erik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lennartsson, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Historians and Their Sources: The use of unpublished source material in Swedish doctoral theses in history, 1959-2015, and in student bachelor's and master's theses, 2010-20152018In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 365-386Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the development of the use of unpublished source material in Swedish doctoral theses in history, 1959–2015. The results show that the proportion of theses which rely on such materials has dropped in relation to the level that existed up to and including the year 2007. From having dropped below 90% only twice during the time period 1959–2007, the average for the years 2008–2015 is 77%. There are several explanations as to why this decline in use of unpublished source material has occurred. An initial explanation is that more doctoral theses are now published within the subdiscipline of historical science, in which, for example, history didactics and uses of history are included. History didactics and uses of history have gained more ground within the overall field of historical research during the last 10 years. The next-to-lowest figures are found in the category history of ideas, culture, and opinion history; a category which during the time period 2008–2015 remained at a fairly constant share of the total number of doctoral defences in history in Sweden in relation to the situation at the beginning of the 2000s.

  • 53474.
    Wångmar, Erik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lennartsson, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Historikerna och källorna: Om användningen av otryckt källmaterial i doktorsavhandlingar och examensarbeten i historia2017Book (Refereed)
  • 53475.
    Wångmar, Erik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lennartsson, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Historikerna och källorna: Utmaningar, möjligheter, samarbeten2019In: Presented at Svenska historikermötet – Växjö, 8-10 maj 2019: Tema: Rättigheter, Växjö: Linnaeus University , 2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 53476.
    Wångmar, Erik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Loxbo, Karl
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Finlands sätt bör bli Sveriges2010In: Kommunalvetenskaplig Tidskrift (i Finland), ISSN 0356-3669, no 1, p. 90-96Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 53477.
    Wångmar, Erik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Zanderin, Lars
    Historik och den kommunala rätten i förhållande till olika rättsområden2010In: Kommunalrätt: - en introduktion för professionsutbildningar / [ed] Lars Zanderin och Annika Staaf, Stockholm: Liber, 2010, 1:2, p. 11-31Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 53478.
    Wångne, Nicole
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Pustovoyt, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Vart tog musiken vägen?: En kvalitativ undersökning om hur ett evenemang kan användas som ett kommunikationsverktyg.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Länder och städer lägger allt mer fokus på att arbeta med det egna varumärket och har därmed fått ett mer företagsliknande seende med medborgarna som konsumenter. Samtidigt använder de sig i allt större utsträckning av evenemang som ett marknadsföringsmedel. Evenemang av olika slag har på så viss blivit ett kraftfullt kommunikationsverktyg. Men ännu finns det inte tillräckligt med studier kring hur evenemang påverkar platsen eller platsens befolkning. 

    Studiens huvudsyfte är att bidra med ökad förståelse för hur en plats kan kommunicera sitt varumärke genom ett evenemang som Eurovision Song Contest. Genom att analysera skapandet av 2013 års Eurovision koncept "We Are One" och se vilken typ av påverkan det kan ha på värdstaden. 

    Studien baseras på kvalitativ forskning i form av halvstrukturerade intervjuer med personer som har insyn i årets svenska produktion av Eurovision Song Contest. 

    Vår studie har ett varumärkesperspektiv på Eurovision Song Contest och utgår från teori om platsmarknadsföring med kringliggande teorier om varumärke och storytelling. 

    Vårt resultat visar att Eurovision Song Contest är en mäktig kommunikationsplattform som värdlandet och värdstaden kan använda utifrån ett eget specifikt syfte. Syftet kopplas till det som platsen är i behov av att jobba med som t. ex ekonomi, näringslivet, mediabilden etc. Konceptet skapas med hjälp av storytelling metoden där varumärket framställs genom en berättelse, genom vilket det går att urskilja ett budskap värdlandet vill kommunicera. Vi kan konstatera att evenemang har en tendens att ge en kortsiktig effekt och för att arbeta mer långsiktigt krävs det att medborgaren får ta en större del i processen för att evenemanget ska skapa mervärde för platsen och dess medborgare. Slutligen kan vi se att oavsett värdland förblir Eurovision en säljande plattform, där kommande värdländer kommer att avgöra tävlingens utveckling och framtid. 

  • 53479.
    Wångstedt, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Translating Place Names: A study on English place names in Swedish texts2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study looks at English place names in Swedish texts with a focus on which translation strategies are more common today, whether there is a progress from a diachronic perspective from translation to transference, and whether the prominence of each place name affects the chosen translation strategy. The thesis includes a corpusbased study of 299 place names collected from four sources, which were researched in the online newspaper archive found on the website of the National Library of Sweden. A chapter from Rowan Moore’s book Slow Burn City was translated and its use of place names analysed in light of the corpus results. The results showed that transference is the most used strategy today while part-translations and additions are also frequently used. The prominence of a place has been shown to be a determining factor in the chosen translation strategy, with more well-known places being transferred in English than lesser known places. The results varied between the different categories of place names (institutions and facilities, objects and works of art and geographical places) regarding the most frequent strategies in the past with some categories showing a progress from translation to transference, others with even use of translation and transference in the past and finally two categories where English was more common in the past than today.

  • 53480.
    Wåxberg, Tim
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Olsson, Henrik
    University of Kalmar, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Sjöingenjör: Möjligheternas Yrke2008Student paper second term, 5 poäng / 7,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is our belief that nuclear power constitutes a future environmentally friendly alternative power source. Based on this conviction, our study was conducted with the principal aim of investigating whether or not a marine engineer would be eligible for employment at a nuclear power plant in Sweden after having ended his sea-going career.

    The primary objective of our investigation was to examine what type of theoretical knowledge that the nuclear industry required. Furthermore, we also wanted to find answers to questions related to such requirements as practical and personal characteristics. Overall, we wanted to find out what personal and educational qualities that were needed to make marine engineers attractive as prospective employees for the nuclear power industry.

    The collection of data was primarily made with the help of a questionnaire, which was sent to all nuclear power plants in Sweden. We also conducted an in-depth interview with one nuclear power plant employee.

    The conclusion of our investigation into this field of possible future employment for a marine engineer can be deduced from the answer given by one of the questionnaire respondents: “The marine engineering programme is a very attractive education for us.”

    The latter answer together with our general conclusions from the questionnaire, substantiate the fact that marine engineers will be plausible candidates for employment at nuclear power plants in the future.

  • 53481.
    Wærn, Karolina
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, eHealth Institute, School of Human Sciences, University of Kalmar,.
    Hellström, Lina
    University of Kalmar, eHealth Institute, School of Human Sciences, University of Kalmar,.
    Petersson, Göran
    University of Kalmar, eHealth Institute, School of Human Sciences, University of Kalmar,.
    Förskrivares uppfattningar om e-recept: och möjliga orsaker till avvikelser vid e-receptförskrivning2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avsikten med e-recept är att öka säkerheten och kvaliteten vid recepthanteringen. I december 2007 utgjorde e-recept 68% av alla nyutskrivna recept. I samband med att antalet e-recept har ökat har en ny typ av avvikelser uppmärksammats: läkemedel till fel patient, fel läkemedel utskrivet, ofullständiga/felaktiga doseringar samt receptdubletter. För att kunna minska antalet avvikelser som uppstår vid e-receptförskrivning behövs kunskap om vilka brister i journalsystemen som kan orsaka dessa avvikelser. Apoteket AB och Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting gav i början av 2007 eHälsoinstitutet i uppdrag att utifrån ett förskrivarperspektiv identifiera och belysa möjliga orsaker till avvikelser vid e-receptförskrivning med fokus på funktionalitet och utformning av användargränssnittet. Avsikten med studien har varit att identifiera trender.

    Studien har omfattat sex journalsystem: Cosmic, Journal III, Melior, SYSteam Cross, Take Care och VAS. Två enkätundersökningar har genomförts, en till förskrivare och en till respektive journalleverantör. Svarsfrekvensen på webbenkäten till förskrivarna uppgick till 46%. Fem av sex journalleverantörer besvarade enkäten. Take Care valde att inte besvara enkäten.

    Förskrivarna var i stort sett nöjda med att förskriva läkemedel som e-recept, men i studien identifierades en rad brister i de använda journalsystemen. Inget journalsystem var fritt från brister, utan samtliga journalsystem hade både styrkor och svagheter. De brister i journalsystemens e-receptfunktion som förskrivarna angav och som kan orsaka att förskrivare åstadkommer fel är: brister i användargränssnittets utformning, brister i funktioner och avsaknad av funktioner. Vi anser att det bland annat krävs ett tydligare användargränssnitt avseende hur information om läkemedlens olika förpackningar visas, att aktuell patients namn och personnummer visas tydligare samt att möjligheten för att kunna hantera mer än en patient i taget elimineras. Avseende funktioner efterfrågar vi kontrollfunktioner, till exempel att förskrivaren före sändning av ett e-recept måste godkänna hela e-receptet visat i klartext för förskrivaren – en form av sista kontroll. Att en sista kontroll ska vara möjlig ställer krav på journalleverantörer och att rutinen införs i verksamheten. En samverkan mellan verksamhet, individ och IT-stöd i högre grad än idag är nödvändig för en bättre patientsäkerhet.

    Några av de identifierade bristerna i journalsystemens e-receptfunktion uppges ska åtgärdas i kommande versioner, godkända enligt Nationellt e-recept format. Exempelvis kommer samtliga journalsystem att stödja funktionen att hantera kvittenser om mottagna recept från apoteket.

    För en ökad patientsäkerhet avseende e-recept är vår rekommendation att journalleverantörerna åtgärdar påvisade brister i e-receptfunktionernas användargränssnitt och funktioner samt att beställaren, det vill säga landstingen, framöver ställer tydligare krav. Vi rekommenderar vidare att förskrivare involveras i utvecklingen av e-receptfunktionen, att verksamhetens rutiner i förskrivningsprocessen tydliggörs samt att inblandade parter samlas kring ett regelverk och minimikrav avseende e-receptförskrivning.

  • 53482.
    Wójcik, Natalia A.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology. Gdansk Univ Technol, Poland.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Barczynski, R. J.
    Gdansk Univ Technol, Poland.
    Kupracz, P.
    Gdansk Univ Technol, Poland.
    Woncke, D.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology. Natl Hellen Res Fdn, Greece.
    Ali, Sharafat
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Electrical properties of Na2O-CaO-P2O5 glasses doped with SiO2 and Si3N42018In: Solid State Ionics, ISSN 0167-2738, E-ISSN 1872-7689, Vol. 325, p. 157-162Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sodium-calcium-phosphate glasses doped with SiO2 or Si3N4 having similar sodium ion concentrations were prepared by melt quenching. The conductivity was measured by impedance spectroscopy under nitrogen atmosphere in a wide frequency range (10 mHz-1 MHz) and wide temperature range (153-473 K). At 36.6 degrees C, DC conductivities of all glasses vary between 1.1 *10(-12) and 8.9 * 10(-12) S cm(-1) and have similar activation energies (between 0.87 and 0.91 eV), which are characteristic for an ionic conduction mechanism. The analysis of AC conductivities showed that the spectra are governed by one dynamic process - hopping of the mobile charge carriers - which may be described i.e., by the 'concept of mismatch and relaxation' or by the 'random barrier' model. The obtained results confirmed a higher influence of nitrogen incorporation on the various glass conductivity parameters than shown for silicon doping alone. However, the influence of fundamental structural changes on the glass conductivity is less relevant as is the overall sodium ion concentration, which remains the decisive factor for a high ion conduction.

  • 53483. Wójcik, Natalia A.
    et al.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Möncke, Doris
    Alfred University, NY, USA.
    Barczyński, Ryszard
    Kupracz, Piotr
    Kamitsos, Efstratios
    Ghassemali, Ehsan
    Seifeddine, Salem
    Eriksson, Mirva
    Ali, Sharafat
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Influence of synthesis conditions on glass formation, structure, thermal and electrical properties in the Na2O-CaO-P2O5 system doped with Si3N4 and Mg2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 53484.
    Wöldern, Lars
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Discovery and Analysis of Social Media Data: How businesses can create customized filters to more effectively use public data2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The availability of prospective customer information present on social media platforms has led to many marketing and customer-facing departments utilizing social media data in processes such as demographics research, and sales and campaign planning. However, if your business needs require further filtration of data, beyond what is provided by existing filters, the volume and rate at which data can be manually sifted, is constrained by the speed and accuracy of employees, and their digital competency. The repetitive nature of filtration work, lends itself to automation, that ultimately has the potential to alleviate large productivity bottlenecks, enabling organizations to distill larger volumes of unfiltered data, faster and with greater precision.

    This project employs automation and artificial intelligence, to filter Linkedin profiles using customized selection criteria, beyond what is currently available, such as nationality and age. By introducing the ability to produce tailored indices of social media data, automated filtration offers organizations the opportunity to better utilize rich prospective data for more efficient customer review and targeting. 

  • 53485.
    Wöstmann, Corinna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Energy Consumption - Forecasting for Linköping and Helsingborg: A Comparison of SARIMA Modelling and Double Seasonal Holt-Winters Exponential Smoothing2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Energy consumption forecasting is important for ecient planning of electricity production in order to minimize costs and also to ensure that the demand will be covered. In this thesis two methods are suggested: a combination of SARIMA modelling and regression, and forecasting by using the double seasonal Holt-Winters algorithm for exponential smoothing. Both methods are tested on energy consumption data for the regions Linkoping and Helsingborg provided by Bixia. Private and industry clients are regarded separately for regular days and holidays. The exponential smoothing method leads to good results for dierent forecasting horizons. Therefore an easier method, that is at least competitive to forecasts with SARIMA models, is found.

  • 53486.
    Wööras, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Är behandling med doxycyklin motiverat vid borreliainfektion?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every year approximately 5 000-10 000 persons in Sweden are diagnosed for Lyme disease. In Europe the incidence is about 65 000 persons per year. Lyme disease is a tick-borne zoonosis, the causative agents – Borrelia burgdorferi-genospecies - are transmitted by Ixodes-ticks (in Sweden primary I.ricinus). Lyme disease is treated with antibiotic-therapy. Though, in 5-15 percent of the cases, post-treatment symptoms can appear and persist for six months, or longer. Today we don´t know the origin of the phenomena. Some patients seek help outside the Swedish borders, and turn to so called Lyme disease-clinics – which, in some cases, institutes long-term antibiotic-treatment. The pharmacist may encounter this particular matter, while carrying out EES-antibiotic-prescriptions, prescribed non-analogous to Swedish guidelines.

     Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of doxycycline, with respect to short-, middle-, and long-term Lyme disease-treatment. The intention was also to investigate the pharmacist role in executing EES-antibiotic-prescriptions.

     Methods: The study was divided into two parts. The first part was investigating doxycycline, and was based on five scientific articles collected from PubMed. The second part was a review of the pharmacist role in processing EES-antibiotic-prescriptions; information was collected by email correspondence with pharmacy chain stores, authorities and federation of labor unions.

     Results: Awareness and protective measures regarding ticks and Lyme disease seems dire. Improved diagnostic methods, uniform interpretation of outcome, standardized laboratory-analysis is of paramount importance. The pharmacist concerns with EES-antibiotic-prescriptions is carrying out the medical prescription and giving medical advice. Doxycycline in 10-14 days Lyme disease-treatment was seen as an alternative, supported by Swedish guidelines. The post-exposure prophylaxis was not a recommended alternative. Regarding doxycycline and long-term Lyme-disease-treatment, it was postulated that additional scientific studies was needed.

    Conclusions: The tick, vector of Borrelia burgdorferi, will be favoured of recent and upcoming climate changes. In the future to come, we can expect an expansion of the tick-habitats and with it follows the probability of more frequent encounters with the human race. This will most likely contribute to a higher incidence of Lyme disease. Prevention and subject-enlightenment is of need. The pharmacist will in the professional role be exposed to daily moral dilemmas; one of these dilemmas can be the execution of EES-antibiotic-prescriptions, not prescribed accordingly to Swedish guidelines, with respect to Lyme disease. As things stand today, the primary commitment will be medical advice and carrying out the prescription. The post-exposure prophylaxis regarding doxycycline and Lyme disease is not recommended. The 10-14 days doxycycline-cure, regarding some Lyme disease-manifestations, is mostly a preferable alternative today. Prolonged antibiotic-treatment with doxycycline, in respect to post-treatment symptoms, needs to be further evaluated with better diagnostic methods, scientific studies, standardized analysis and more uniform interpretation of results.

  • 53487.
    Xantopoulos, Nicolas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Demokratiska Republiken Kongo: En fallstudie om graden av demokrati i Kongo2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work will explain the extent of democracy in the Democratic Republic Kongo, and in order to answer this complex question, the methodology of case study has been implemented and electoral democracy as well as polyarchy as theories. The purpose of this research has been to explain the extent of democracy in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and if there is a possible way to bring the democracy forward. Joseph Kabilas time in power has been analyzed by using my theories in order to arrive at the conclusions. The conclusions address the obstacles the country’s democratization process has encounterd in terms of lack of freedom of expression and lack of influence in the political climate. There is also a solution to the problem presented in my conclusions. The Democratic Republic of the Congo was pressured by western countries to begin a democratization process in the early 1990s in order to retain the assistance recieved from West, but despite all promises this has not resulted in any positive result, which have led to a delayed democraization process. It can be noted that the road to a democratic Congo is still very long, altough some things may have improved over time, and the result is still unchanged: Democratic Republic of Congo is not democratic.

  • 53488.
    Xhafa, Fatos
    et al.
    University of London.
    Pllana, Sabri
    University of Vienna.
    Barolli, Leonard
    Grid and P2P Middleware for Scientific Computing Systems2010In: 2010 International Conference on Complex, Intelligent and Software Intensive Systems, IEEE, 2010, p. 409-414Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Grid and P2P systems have achieved a notable success in the domain of scientific and engineering applications, which commonly demand considerable amounts of computational resources. However, Grid and P2P systems remain still difficult to be used by the domain scientists and engineers due to the inherent complexity of the corresponding middleware and the lack of adequate documentation. In this paper we survey recent developments of Grid and P2P middleware in the context of scientific computing systems. The differences on the approaches taken for Grid and P2P middleware as well as the common points of both paradigms are highlighted. In addition, we discuss the corresponding programming models, languages, and applications.

  • 53489.
    Xhafa, Fatos
    et al.
    Technical University of Catalonia.
    Pllana, Sabri
    University of Vienna.
    Barolli, Leonard
    Fukuoka Institute of Technology.
    Spaho, Evjola
    Fukuoka Institute of Technology.
    Grid and P2P middleware for wide-area parallel processing2011In: Concurrency and Computation, ISSN 1532-0626, E-ISSN 1532-0634, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 458-476Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Grid computing emerged as a paradigm for high-performance computing and massive parallel processing. Currently, Grid systems have become an important paradigm for efficiently solving large-scale complex problems from many fields. On the other hand, P2P paradigm originated from file-sharing, but each time more is being used for the development of large-scale distributed platforms. Grid and P2P systems have thus followed different trajectories pushed by different motivations, needs and research communities. In fact, both paradigms are evolving in a way that each time they are sharing more common characteristics and are mutually benefiting from their best features. Among these characteristics, we could distinguish the cooperative model for solving complex problems by exploiting their large computing capacity. As such, Grid and P2P systems have achieved notable success, in particular, for e-Science applications, a family of complex applications arising in science and engineering that need considerable computation power. Despite important advances in the design and use of Grid and P2P systems, they remain still difficult to implement and apply to real-life problems. The main difficulties reside in the lack of easy-to-use middleware for Grid and P2P, in the complexities of setting up and in the tedious task of deploying real-world Grid/P2P platforms as well as in experimental studies which are often complex and not easy to repeat. In this paper we survey and analyze the advances in communication libraries and middleware for both Grid and P2P systems as well as their limitations when used in real Grid and P2P infrastructures. We also bring examples of real-life applications of massive data processing that can be efficiently handled through Grid and P2P approaches.

  • 53490.
    Xia, Xinyu
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Greenery @ Home: Design for sustainable house planting solutions2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report aims to discusse how to create more sustainable indoor greenery that can make benefit for people’s health and well-being. The accounts for sustainability in this project has three layers, which are design for people’s sustainable life (people’s health and well-being), design for sustainable indoor greenery and principles of sustainable design.

    The question I come up with in this project is “what is the sustainable relationship between people and indoor greenery”. The assumption I hope to challenge with my project is how to create a sustainable solution for house planting to bring back the nature into the daily experiences of city inhabitants by product design. As a result, people could have more sustainable and healthier life at home through living with nature in the urban settings.

    The content of this report demonstrates the whole steps (background and motivation, contexts, research, ideal generation, sketch and prototype, model making and visualization of results) towards the design results supported by theoretical studies. 

    The relevant studies I mention in this project are biophilic design, permaculture and NASA clean air study, which are related to sustainable indoor greenery and sustainable house planting relatively.

    The results obtained in this project include one product design - a planter that offers a sustainable way of cultivating health plants at home through reusing water and designing micro forest garden, and one product-based App design proposal - creating a house-planting community, in which people can communicate and support each other with sustainable house-planting tips and knowledge. 

  • 53491.
    Xia, Yiming
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Quick Orientation Viewer2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a plug-in project using GEF and JDT in Eclipse. The purpose for this thesis is to solve the orientation for a existing project. We can get a overview of a project such as display the class diagram of the project with the help of Orientation Viewer.

  • 53492.
    Xian, Yikun
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Zhang, Liu
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Semantic Search with Information Integration2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the search engine was first released in 1993, the development has never been slow down and various search engines emerged to vied for popularity. However, current traditional search engines like Google and Yahoo! are based on key words which lead to results impreciseness and information redundancy. A new search engine with semantic analysis can be the alternate solution in the future. It is more intelligent and informative, and provides better interaction with users.

           This thesis discusses the detail on semantic search, explains advantages of semantic search over other key-word-based search and introduces how to integrate semantic analysis with common search engines. At the end of this thesis, there is an example of implementation of a simple semantic search engine.

  • 53493.
    Xiao, Mia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Svensson, Pernilla
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Vilken betydelse kan barns vistelsetid ha för ett lärande i förskolan?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie belyser vi vilka möjligheter barn har till ett lärande på förskolan oavsett barnens vistelsetid. Det har också undersökts om och hur barns lärande i relation till barns vistelsetid kan skilja sig mellan två olika kommuner. Vilka likheter finns det i hur lärarna arbetar och erbjuder barnen att få vara på förskolan? Undersökningen genomfördes genom en kvalitativ studie där vi intervjuade åtta lärare om deras arbetssätt och tankar kring barns vistelsetid och vilken betydelse det kan ha för den pedagogiska verksamheten. Resultatet visar att det finns både skillnader och likheter mellan de två kommuner som ingår i undersökningen. Genom att jämföra vår bakgrund och vårt resultat har vi dragit slutsatsen att barns vistelsetid inte nödvändigtvis behöver ha en avgörande betydelse för deras lärande i förskolan, men att det kan ha en stor vikt för barn att få tillhöra en grupp och ta del av det lärande som sker i ett sammanhang ihop med andra barn och vuxna. 

  • 53494.
    Xiao, Zefang
    et al.
    Georg-August-University of Gottingen, Germany.
    Xie, Yanjun
    Northeast Forestry University, Kina.
    Adamopoulos, Stergios
    Georg-August-University of Gottingen, Germany.
    Mai, Carsten
    Georg-August-University of Gottingen, Germany.
    Effects of chemical modification with glutaraldehyde on the weathering performance of Scots pine sapwood2012In: Wood Science and Technology, ISSN 0043-7719, E-ISSN 1432-5225, Vol. 46, no 4, p. 749-767Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scots pine sapwood was treated with glutaraldehyde (GA) in aqueous solution using magnesium chloride as a catalyst in order to evaluate the durability towards weathering. Infrared spectroscopy suggested that GA treatment increased the photo-stability of lignin during artificial weathering of micro-veneers in a QUV over 168 h; photo-protection increased with increasing GA concentration. In comparison with the unmodified controls, GA-modified pine micro-veneer strips exhibited a lower tensile strength loss measured in a zero-span mode in the course of weathering. During 18 months of outdoor exposure, GA-modified pine wood boards exhibited a lower moisture content and water uptake than the unmodified ones. GA treatment also clearly restricted the penetration of blue stain fungi into deeper layers of wood. On the macroscopic scale, the surface of the GA-modified boards was significantly smoother due to less erosion, cracking and minor peeling of tracheids. Scanning electron microscopy further revealed that individual tracheids were detached from the cell compound and then washed away from the unmodified wood surface, whereas tracheids on surfaces of GA-modified wood remained in the tissue compound but displayed many axial and transversal cracks.

  • 53495.
    Xie, Sheng
    et al.
    KTH Royal Instute of Technology, Sweden;Hunan Univ, Peoples Republic of China.
    Manuguri, Sesha
    KTH Royal Instute of Technology, Sweden.
    Ramström, Olof
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences. KTH Royal Instute of Technology, Sweden;Univ Massachusetts, USA.
    Yan, Mingdi
    KTH Royal Instute of Technology, Sweden;Univ Massachusetts, USA.
    Impact of Hydrogen Bonding on the Fluorescence of N-Amidinated Fluoroquinolones2019In: Chemistry - An Asian Journal, ISSN 1861-4728, E-ISSN 1861-471X, Vol. 14, no 6, p. 910-916Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fluorescence properties of AIE-active N-amidinated fluoroquinolones, efficiently obtained by a perfluoroaryl azide-aldehyde-amine reaction, have been studied. The fluorophores were discovered to elicit a highly sensitive fluorescence quenching response towards guest molecules with hydrogen-bond-donating ability. This effect was evaluated in a range of protic/aprotic solvents with different H-bonding capabilities, and also in aqueous media. The influence of acid/base was furthermore addressed. The hydrogen-bonding interactions were studied by IR, NMR, UV/Vis and time-resolved fluorescence decay, revealing their roles in quenching of the fluorescence emission. Due to the pronounced quenching property of water, the N-amidinated fluoroquinolones could be utilized as fluorescent probes for quantifying trace amount of water in organic solvents.

  • 53496.
    Xie, Sheng
    et al.
    KTH Royal Instute of Technology;Hunan Univ, Peoples Republic of China.
    Zhou, Juan
    KTH Royal Instute of Technology;Jiangnan Univ, Peoples Republic of China.
    Chen, Xuan
    Univ Massachusetts Lowell, USA.
    Kong, Na
    KTH Royal Instute of Technology.
    Fan, Yanmiao
    KTH Royal Instute of Technology.
    Zhang, Yang
    KTH Royal Instute of Technology.
    Hammer, Gerry
    Univ Washington, USA.
    Castner, David G.
    Univ Washington, USA.
    Ramström, Olof
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences. KTH Royal Instute of Technology;Univ Massachusetts Lowell, USA.
    Yan, Mingdi
    KTH Royal Instute of Technology;Univ Massachusetts Lowell, USA.
    A versatile catalyst-free perfluoroaryl azide-aldehyde-amine conjugation reaction2019In: Materials Chemistry Frontiers, E-ISSN 2052-1537, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 251-256Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a tri-component reaction, an electrophilically-activated perfluoroaryl azide, an enolizable aldehyde and an amine react readily at room temperature without any catalysts in solvents including aqueous conditions to yield a stable amidine conjugate. The versatility of this reaction is demonstrated in the conjugation of an amino acid without prior protection of the carboxyl group, and in the synthesis of antibiotic-nanoparticle conjugates.

  • 53497.
    Xie, Zhiyuan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    The design of the optical touchpointer system for brain tumorresections: The electrical system design2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and aggressive form of brain malignancy. The morphological similarities of the malignant and the surrounding tissue cause difficulties in distinguishing the tumors during surgery. Improved methods for precise tumor resection have long been investigated, with the aim to improve the results in resecting malignant brain tumors. Real time diagnostics is obvioulsy crucial for assisting neurosurgical tumor resection. An optical fiber based system is developed in this project. For this electronics is developed for amplifying the weak photocurrent  from the photon detectors, modulating the light sources and supplying power for all the parts of the system. The electronics is controlled by LabView (National Instruments) program. This LabView program also performs signal processing for extracting the diagnostic information from the detected light intensity signals.

  • 53498.
    Xing, Hanwen
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Liu, Xin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    A Lithium-ion Battery Charger2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

       Nowadays personal small electronic devices like cellphones are more and more popular, but the various batteries in need of charging become a problem. This thesis aims to explain a Lithium-ion charger which can control the current and voltage so that it can charge most kinds of popular batteries. More specifically, Li-ion battery charging is presented. The charging circuit design, simulation and the measurements will also be included.

  • 53499.
    Xinyi, Lin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Recycled Posthuman Furniture-What has furniture become2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recycled Posthuman Furniture – What has furniture become is a project that aims to explore the relationship between humans and furniture from the post-humanist perspective. Post-humanism is understood here as our capacity of giving non-human items the sense of humanity in terms of ethics and effects. Accordingly, we might consider the furniture has some certain human values. Therefore, this paper aims to demonstrate a new relationship compared with current states through a transdisciplinary design and speculative design with the goal of changing people’s understanding towards discarded furniture. Through the knowledge of current issues, this paper is tended to bring different perspectives of thoughts and questions in order to be aware of surrounding issues with the hope of changing current states to deliver a better future by chance. As the result, this paper puts forward a new sustainable lifestyle which advocates equality and inclusiveness among human and nonhuman and thus helps to solve survival crisis. Human is not the almighty of the world and all the existences are valuable as well. As humans, we must change our thinking patterns and begin accepting and treating other nonhuman equally. We are required to wake emotions that are hiding deep down in our heart and apply them on furniture and treat rejected and abandoned furniture as human. Only in this way can we decrease environmental pressure, reduce the discharge of solid waste and deal with the global crisis. Taking furniture as a start, humans should open their emotions and care for all objects that are living on the earth, focus on collective interest instead of individual interest.

  • 53500.
    Xiu, L.
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Hagstromer, M.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Bergqvist, L.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Johansson, E.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Ekbom, K.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Svensson, V.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Marcus, C.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Karolinska Institutet.
    Weekday-weekend sleep variations in young children and the associated family factors2018In: Journal of Sleep Research, ISSN 0962-1105, E-ISSN 1365-2869, Vol. 27Article in journal (Other academic)
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