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  • 54451.
    Wåhlin, Ingrid
    et al.
    Linköping University ; Kalmar Hospital.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköping University.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Linköping University ; Kalmar County Council.
    Empowerment from the perspective of next of kin in intensive care2009Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 18, nr 18, s. 2580-2587Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe next of kin empowerment in an intensive care situation. Background. Next of kin is important in reducing intensive care patients' fear and anxiety. However, admission to an intensive care unit is often recognised as an extremely stressful event, causing next of kin to experience shock, fear, anxiety and vulnerability. More knowledge is needed about how next of kin in intensive care can be empowered.

    DESIGN: The study was conducted using a phenomenological method.

    METHODS: Ten interviews were conducted with intensive care patients' next of kin.

    FINDINGS: Perceptions of both a genuine will and a capacity to help and relieve were found to be essential for next of kin's experiences of empowerment in an intensive care situation. All informants were empowered by a caring atmosphere where they received continuous, straightforward and honest information that left room for hope and in which closeness to the patient was facilitated and medical care was perceived as the best possible. Some of the informants were also strengthened by support from other family members and/or by being involved in caring for the patient.

    CONCLUSIONS: Next of kin empowerment was found to be associated with being met with human warmth and sensitivity. This emphasises the importance of discussing attitudes and behaviours as well as surveillance and treatment when trying to improve the care of next of kin in intensive care unit and when working with staff development.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Knowledge of how to empower next of kin in an intensive care situation allows caring staff to support these persons in a more sensitive and appropriate way. Findings underline the importance of creating caring relations with patients' next of kin.

  • 54452.
    Wåhlin, Ingrid
    et al.
    Kalmar Hospital ; Linköping University ; Kalmar County Council.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköping University.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Linköping University ; Kalmar County Council.
    Empowerment in intensive care: patient experiences compared to next of kin and staff beliefs2009Ingår i: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, Vol. 25, nr 6, s. 332-340Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Experiences of critically ill patients are an important aspect of the quality of care in intensive care units. If next of kin and staff try to empower the patient, this is probably performed in accordance with their beliefs about what patients experience as empowering. As intensive care patients often have difficulties communicating, staff and next of kin need to interpret their wishes, but there is limited knowledge about how correct picture next of kin and staff have of the intensive care patient's experiences. The aim of this study was to compare intensive care patients' experiences of empowerment with next of kin and staff beliefs. Interviews with 11 intensive care patients, 12 next of kin and 12 staff were conducted and analysed using a content analysis method. The findings showed that the main content is quite similar between patient experiences, next of kin beliefs and staff beliefs, but a number of important differences were identified. Some of these differences were regarding how joy of life and the will to fight were generated, the character of relationships, teamwork, humour, hope and spiritual experiences. Staff and next of kin seemed to regard the patient as more unconscious than the patient him/herself did.

  • 54453.
    Wåhlin, Ingrid
    et al.
    Kalmar Hospital ; Linköping University ; Kalmar County Council.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköping University.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Linköping University ; Kalmar County Council.
    Patient empowerment in intensive care: an interview study2006Ingår i: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, Vol. 22, nr 6, s. 370-377Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Intensive care patients often experience a lack of control, as well as inner chaos. Experiences from intensive care can continue to affect patients for a long time. Empowerment is a positive and dynamic process that focuses on people's strengths, rights and abilities. It takes on different expressions for different people in different environments and must be described by the people involved. The aim of this study was to describe patient empowerment in an intensive care situation. The study was based on open-ended interviews with 11 patients in two intensive care units. The interviews were analysed according to the empirical phenomenological psychological method. The results showed that patient empowerment in intensive care consists of strengthening and stimulating the patients' own inherent joy of life and will to fight. A positive environment that encouraged feelings of value and motivation and in which the patient felt safe, received additional care and participated as he/she wished had a positive influence.

  • 54454.
    Wåhlin, Ingrid
    et al.
    Linköping University ; Kalmar Hospital.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköping University.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Malmö University ; Malmö University Hospital.
    Staff empowerment in intensive care: nurses' and physicians' lived experiences2010Ingår i: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, Vol. 26, nr 5, s. 262-269Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The purpose of the study was to describe empowerment from the perspective of intensive care staff. What makes intensive care staff experience inner strength and power?

    BACKGROUND: Intensive care staff are repeatedly exposed to traumatic situations and demanding events, which could result in stress and burnout symptoms. A higher level of psychological empowerment at the workplace is associated with increased work satisfaction and mental health, fewer burnout symptoms and a decreased number of sick leave days.

    METHOD: Open-ended interviews were conducted with 12 intensive care unit (ICU) staff (four registered nurses, four enrolled nurses and four physicians) in southern Sweden. Data were analysed using a phenomenological method.

    FINDINGS: Intensive care staff were found to be empowered both by internal processes such as feelings of doing good, increased self-esteem/self-confidence and increased knowledge and skills, and by external processes such as nourishing meetings, well functioning teamwork and a good atmosphere.

    CONCLUSION: Findings show that not only personal knowledge and skills, but also a supporting atmosphere and a good teamwork, has to be focused and encouraged by supervisors in order to increase staff's experiences of empowerment. Staff also need a chance to feel that they do something good for patients, next of kin and other staff members.

  • 54455.
    Wåhlin, Ingrid
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV). Kalmar County Hospital.
    Samuelsson, Peter
    Kalmar County Hospital.
    Ågren, Susanna
    Linköping University.
    What do patients rate as most important when cared for in the ICU and how often is this met?: an empowerment questionnaire survey2017Ingår i: Journal of critical care, ISSN 0883-9441, E-ISSN 1557-8615, Vol. 40, s. 83-90Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to explore what patients rate as being of the greatest importance and less important, when being cared for in the intensive care unit (ICU). The aim was also to examine the extent to which these topics are met.

    In the Patient Empowerment Questionnaire (PEQ-ICU), patients were first asked to rate the importance of 28 items, and then how often those topics were met during their stay in the ICU.  

    Having trust/confidence in staff, Receive visits from next of kin, Staff being positive to visitors, Receive pain relief, Staff showing human warmth, and Staff trying to strengthen my life spirit were the items that most patients evaluated as being of the greatest importance. The items Staff being positive to visitors, Receiving pain relief and Receive visits from next of kin, were the items most frequently considered as “always met”, while the items Have influence and Receive help to look forward were less often met.

    It was found that there is a potential for improvement in helping the ICU patients to maintain contact with reality, remind them about their importance to someone or something, and what they could look forward to when becoming healthier and returning to ordinary life.

    Highlights

    • Relationships and caring atmosphere were considered to be of greater importance than physical help and support.
    • Get visits from next of kin was found to be the second most important topic to ICU patients, after Have trust in staff.
    • ICU patients need help to get their life spirit strengthen e.g. by being reminded about what they could look forward to.
  • 54456.
    Wålinder, Andreas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för matematik (MA).
    Evaluation of logistic regression and random forest classification based on prediction accuracy and metadata analysis2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Model selection is an important part of classification. In this thesis we study the two classification models logistic regression and random forest. They are compared and evaluated based on prediction accuracy and metadata analysis. The models were trained on 25 diverse datasets. We calculated the prediction accuracy of both models using RapidMiner. We also collected metadata for the datasets concerning number of observations, number of predictor variables and number of classes in the response variable.    

    There is a correlation between performance of logistic regression and random forest with significant correlation of 0.60 and confidence interval [0.29 0.79]. The models appear to perform similarly across the datasets with performance more influenced by choice of dataset rather than model selection.     Random forest with an average prediction accuracy of 81.66% performed better on these datasets than logistic regression with an average prediction accuracy of 73.07%. The difference is however not statistically significant with a p-value of 0.088 for Student's t-test.    

    Multiple linear regression analysis reveals none of the analysed metadata have a significant linear relationship with logistic regression performance. The regression of logistic regression performance on metadata has a p-value of 0.66. We get similar results with random forest performance. The regression of random forest performance on metadata has a p-value of 0.89. None of the analysed metadata have a significant linear relationship with random forest performance.    

    We conclude that the prediction accuracies of logistic regression and random forest are correlated. Random forest performed slightly better on the studied datasets but the difference is not statistically significant. The studied metadata does not appear to have a significant effect on prediction accuracy of either model.

  • 54457.
    Wångdahl, Max
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Östling, Martin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Det här är Mixed Martial Arts!: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys om hur svensk dagspress framställer MMA2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose/aim: This study was performed in order to describe how Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) is reported in Swedish daily newspapers during a five-year period. MMA is a relative new sport in Sweden and it is important that the description by the Swedish daily newspapers is accurate and balanced. Then this sport will have the same opportunities to grow as already well-established sports in Sweden. 

    Material/Method: The material consists of 159 articles from six different daily newspapers gathered from 2006-12-07 to 2011-12-07. Quantitative content analysis is used to investigate how the newspapers describe MMA. The result from this quantitative analysis are then compiled, analysed and discussed by applying theories of agenda setting, framing and moral panic. 

    Main results: The result shows that the Swedish daily newspapers give a relative neutral and balanced picture in their coverage of MMA but they are affected to a certain degree of moral panic. A neutral framing of MMA was common in the majority of the newspapers. Swedish newspapers have fulfilled the requirements that you should have on balanced journalism. A majority of the articles described MMA with more or less deviancy and therefore made MMA “Folk Devils”. Further there was a consensus among politicians and other right-thinking people that MMA is a threat to and is dangerous to society. The negative reporting of MMA in the daily newspapers is volatile with one-year cycles with start in late 2009. With one quarter of the articles describing MMA as a problem, there is preconception that MMA is likely to have a negative impact on society. There is a disproportion in the reporting of MMA as a threat as “Swedish Sports” have approved MMA as a sport, but still report it as a problem. Therefore there is some kind of moral panic about MMA in Swedish daily newspaper. 

  • 54458.
    Wångelid, Ida
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Kyntäjä, Lisa
    "Hade mamma börjat dricka igen?": En litteraturstudie av missbruk och psykisk ohälsa ur ett barnperspektiv2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how substance abuse and mental illnesses are portrayed in children’s literature from a child’s perspective. To achieve the aim, text analyses were performed on four selected works of children’s literature. The question asked is: in what way can the selected books function to support pupils in problematic family circumstances?

    The scientific approach of the study is hermeneutic. Hermeneutics means the theory of interpretation and concerns the creation of meaning and understanding through interpretations of texts. The analyses proceed from a hermeneutic model. The model shows how different components go together in the interpretation of a text.

    In the analyses the children’s literature is set in relation to the background chapter, which shows what the reality is like. The discussion considers the analyses in greater depth with the aid of the theory in order to investigate how readers with similar experiences can perceive and be affected by literature. We chose to design the study in this way because it reflects the hermeneutics.

    The results of the study show that the selected literature can affect the reader. The theory shows that people have a tendency to recognize themselves in literature and see their own problems at a distance, which helps the reader in real life. Through the literature the reader’s conceptual world can be expanded by new insights into their surroundings. The conclusions drawn in the study are that it is important to work with the Convention on the Rights of the Child in school, to explain to children that adults are not always in good health, and that children have a right to be children. 

  • 54459.
    Wångklev, Maximilian
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för medicin och optometri (MEO).
    Närsyntas närarbete mätt med Viviors Visual Behavioral Monitor: en pilotstudie2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 54460.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Administrativa gränser kontra brandförsvaret2008Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 54461.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap. Statsvetenskap.
    Att skriva Stads- och kommunhistoria: En handledning för forskning med Stads- och kommunhistoriskt källmaterial2005Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    The primary aim of this book is to encourage and

    facilitate the study of history of towns and

    municipalities. Various forms of social science

    research on Swedish local authorities might

    derive advantage from this book. The staff of

    local archives and prospective amateur researcher,

    for example among the members of local folklore

    society, also ought to enjoy the content of this

    book. Another purpose of the publication is to suggest continuous comparative studies, where Swedish

    municipalities are compared in different ways. The

    number of Swedish municipalities was considerably

    reduced during the second half of the 20th century.

    For that reason it is now the proper time to pursue

    comparative studies of municipalities which no longer

    exist and are replaced by greater administrative units.

    Too much of the previous research has been done as

    case studies of one singular rural district. It should be emphasized that many local investigations have been

    done by amateur researcher who have not always

    used a reliable scholarly scientific course of action.

    The source material for the proposed inquiries should

    mostly be taken from the Swedish municipal archives.

    In principle all the 290 present municipalities have their

    own archives, which means that there is a large

    supply of source material in the whole country.

    This is one of the greatest advantages of working

    with this type of historical source material. In

    the archives material is stored from the introduction

    of the current standard of municipality in 1863 and on.

    It deals thus with the period of more than 140 years

    during which the Swedish society has changed

    dramatically. Local material from towns and rural

    districts concerning the time up to 1862 is normally

    found in the national provincial record offices, so it

    is not always easily accessible from a geographical

    point of view.

    The book has been divided into a number of thematic

    fields, such as municipal divisions, local politics,

    the role of women in local politics, municipal finances

    and economic expansion, social welfare, educational

    systems, environmental issues, health care, fire

    protection the technical sector and cultural and

    recreational activities. This grouping means, that

    strictly speaking it is enough to read the sphere

    in which you show a keen interest, except the two

    introductory chapters, considering comprehensive

    facts in the field of municipal history. Each thematic

    field is then regularly divided into four items,

    background and earlier research, proposals for future

    research, limits of interpretation and source material.

    This order has not been used earlier, and the footnotes

    should give comparatively many references to other

    works which could be useful.

    Key words: source material, archives, municipalities, local politics.

  • 54462.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap. Statsvetenskap.
    Brist på svensk federalism 1634-20152007Ingår i: Federalism på svenska, Ratio, Stockholm , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54463.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Brukspatronen som blev omyndig2018Ingår i: Det levande Huseby: en värld i förändring / [ed] Margareta Petersson, Växjö: Historiska föreningen i Kronobergs län , 2018, 1, s. 124-132Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54464.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap. Statsvetenskap.
    Eije Mossberg kontra Gunnar Hedlund: Två utpräglade pragmatiker med stora likheter och stora skillnader2004Ingår i: Personhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0031-5699, nr 1, s. 12-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 54465.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Ett eldfängt ämne: Utvecklingen av kommunernas brandförsvar 1945-19762009 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Following new laws regulating fire safety, instigated in 1944, all municipalities in Sweden were obligated to organize fire protection, starting in 1945. However, the municipalities were not obliged to arrange their own fire department, but were instead free to close deals with other municipalities or with voluntary as well as private contractors.

     

    Before 1945 only larger cities, ‘köpingar’, and certain specific municipalities were forced to organize a fire department. When new regulations were put into effect, Sweden was still divided into old municipalities (sockenkommuner), which remained until 1952. This study follows the development of fire protection in at the local level from 1945 until 1976 when a major merging of municipalities, which mostly remains until this day, took place.

    The study has two principal aims. The first one is to describe and analyse how revised legislation and the merging of municipalities effected the organization of fire protection in Swedish municipalities. The second aim is to explore decision-making on fire protection at the municipal level. In addition to the fire laws of 1944, 1962 and 1974 the two reforms on the merging of municipalities (1952, 1962-74) were the important junctures during the 30 year period of investigation.

    Between 1952 and 1976 the number of independent fire departments was reduced by almost 50 percent, and this has to be viewed as a major geographic centralization. This centralization, moreover, was facilitated by several factors. The most important was the reduction of industries, and the reduced population, in rural areas, as well as the technological innovations within agriculture. Furthermore, two additional reasons for this centralization were firstly that roads were significantly improved at the country-side, and, secondly, that the remaining fire fighting equipment, not least fire trucks, were modernized. The conflicts that emerged at the municipal decision-making arena often had a geographical dimension, meaning, among other things, that the personal residence of politicians often meant more to their decision than their respective party-affiliation. Furthermore, Swedish municipalities were allowed to proceed with the centralization in spite of far-reaching state control in the area of fire protection, resulting from the fact that ‘länsstyrelsen’ always had to approve of their organization of fire security. Nonetheless, relevant state agencies displayed a great flexibility vis-à-vis the municipalities during this process of change.  

  • 54466.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Ett obetydligt samhällsproblem: Kvinnlig brottslighet i Sverige 1950-19592016 (uppl. 1)Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 54467.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora.
    Från sockenkommun till storkommun: En analys av storkommunreformens genomförande 1939-1952 i en nationell och lokal kontext2003Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary aim of this study is to provide a deeper and more complete understanding of why the great municipal amalgamation (storkommunreformen) during the 1940s became the political solution to the problem that the Government believed many of Sweden’s municipalities had in satisfactorily providing for a local welfare society. The study also describes the results of this large-scale reorganization process. The events examined include the political decision-making process at the national level that took place during 1939-1949, as well as the regional/local realization of these decisions during 1946-1952.

    The parliamentary treatment of the municipal division issue should be viewed as a good example of what researchers have termed a Swedish decision-making model. One clear manifestation of this was the fact that the national commission that investigated the question primarily formulated the principles for the reform. The committee’s proposal received strong endorsements in the reports from the reviewers of the proposal. The government authorities and many of the municipalities felt that a new division of municipalities was justified. Opposition that did occur came mostly from rural municipalities with small populations. Many of these municipalities believed that the present municipal divisions functioned well as they were.

    Of those municipalities that were affected by amalgamation, 39 percent of them did not agree with the decision. The majority of these could agree to merge with other municipalities, but not with the municipalities stipulated by the authorities. Considering the fact that the then current divisions were based on a long tradition, demands for retaining independence could have been greater. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that 66 percent of all larger municipalities were formed using some level of force. This still indicated a relatively widely distributed opposition to the amalgamation decisions, however.

  • 54468.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Från storkommun till kommunblock: En djupstudie av reformen som skapade de moderna svenska kommunerna 1959−1974.2013 (uppl. 1)Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

     In 1959, just seven years after Sweden had implemented a reform of the division of the municipalities, the Social Democratic government considered that there could be need for a second reform, and consequently a commission was launched. In the first part of 1961 a proposal for a reform was delivered. The country would be divided into municipal blocks, which should normally have at least inhabitants 1975. The blocks should be built up though the chief town principle, and should be economically and geographical continuous areas, which had a close relationship with the chief town principle. A parliamentary majority, considered of Social Democrats, Communists and Liberals, stood behind a policy decision, taken in early 1962, to implement the reform in accordance with the commission’s proposals. Only the municipal blocks formation was compulsory. All municipal aggregation would be done on a voluntary basis by Local Authorities own initiative.

    During 1963 and 1964 the Government stipulated that the country’s 1006 municipalities would form 282 municipal blocks. In 1965, 1967 and 1969 the number of municipalities was reduced from 1006 to 848. The Social Democratic government considered that number insufficient. So the party, immediately after the victory in the 1968 election, went in for using a coercive law in order to complete the reform at the latest 1974. Parliamentary decision on compulsory legislation was adopted in 1969 with a conflict following the block boundary. The Social Democrats and the Left Communists wanted coercive legislation, while the three non-Socialist parties were against removing voluntariness. The Socialist reversal was a breach of faith in relation to the parliamentary decision 1962. The change in position was hardly in favor of the party in the elections in 1970 and 1973.

    The reform was completed by aggregations in 1971 and 1974, where the largest aggregation time was 1971. Then the number of municipalities decreased from 848 to 464. By 1974 there were only 278 left. 49 municipalities were pooled coercively. Most of them had Conservative majority. There was a dividing line between the Social Democrats and the non-Socialists at the municipal aggregation decisions, where the non-Socialist parties to a much greater extent took a stand against aggregation. The main reason for the opposition was a fear of a loss of municipal services as a result of the centralization to the central town. Municipal democratic motives were raised, however, more sparingly. The same was true of reasons related to the concept of local identity.

    The Swedish municipality block reform was more ambitions than in the other Nordic countries. An important reason for the scale of aggregating was that the Social Democratic government showed great energy to implement the reform fully, despite of a lot of local protests. Another reason may have been that the public expansion was greatest in Sweden. On the other hand lower government spending, another task allocation in the public sector, lower degree of urbanization and less influence for Socialist parties and credible explanations for sparse or non-existent municipal aggregations.

  • 54469.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Förbundet Sveriges kommuner och landsting2010Ingår i: Kommunalrätt: en introduktion för professionsutbildningar / [ed] Lars Zanderin och Annika Staaf, Malmö: Liber, 2010, 1, s. 95-97Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54470.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Förbundet Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting (SKL)2010Ingår i: Kommunalrätt: en introduktion för professionsutbildningar / [ed] Lars Zanderin och Annika Staaf, Stockholm: Liber, 2010, 1:2, s. 95-97Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54471.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Historia - ett ämne för arkivnötare?: Om användningen av otryckt källmaterial från arkiv i doktorsavhandlingar i historia 1969–2009 (2010)2011Ingår i: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 77, nr 2, s. 108-125Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 54472.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    I fyrkens tid. Politisk kultur i två ångermanländska landskommuner 1860-1930 (författare Erik Nydahl)2011Ingår i: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, nr 1, s. 175-176-Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54473.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Ingen kopia av riksdagsvalet: Utfallet av valen till kommunfullmäktige 2010 i landets 290 kommuner, med särskilda fallstudier av Sverigedemokraternas agerande.2011Ingår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 113, nr 4, s. 449-463Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 54474.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Kommunal demokrati i miniatyr: Holmön som Sveriges minsta kommun 1925/1952-1973 i en mikrohistorisk studie2011Ingår i: Heimen, ISSN 0017-9841, E-ISSN 1894-3195, Vol. 48, nr 2, s. 161-175Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 54475.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap. Statsvetenskap.
    Kommunala reformer och kommunal demokrati under 150 år - med en blick mot framtiden2008Ingår i: Vem har ansvar för välfärden?: Hur uppgifterna fördelas mellan stat, landsting/region och kommun, Region Skåne, Sveriges kommuner och landsting, Västra Götalandsregionen , 2008, s. 115-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54476.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Lurifaxarnas framfart - Husebyaffären 1956-19642010Ingår i: Småländska brott: Brott och straff i Småland under 500 år / [ed] Johansson, Lennart, Nilsson, Roddy & Nordmark, Håkan, Växjö: Historiska föreningen i Kronobergs län , 2010, 1, s. 289-305Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 54477.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Länets betydelse: Fallstudier av kommunblocksreformens lokala genomförande i Blekinge och Hallands län 1962-19742013 (uppl. 1)Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 54478.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Män från landsbygden: Riksdagsledamöter i Bondeförbundet/Centerpartiet 1933-19702014Ingår i: Personhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0031-5699, nr 1-2, s. 95-116Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 54479.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Niels Clemmensen, Konflikt och konsensus i kommunen , anmälan av Erik Wångmar2012Ingår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, nr 3, s. 538-540Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54480.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap. Statsvetenskap.
    Något vid sidan av välfärden: Holmön som den sista småkommunen i Sverige 1925-19732008Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Holmön, situated in the county of Västerbotten, consists of several islands in the Gulf of Bothnia. At the end of the year 1973 these islands only had 155 citizens. However, in spite of the small population size, these islands formed an independent municipality between 1925 and 1973, making it the smallest one in Sweden.

    This study deals with democracy and politics at the municipal level at Holmön, and the aim is to investigate the extent to which small political unites, such as Holmön, can manage the welfare duties imposed on all municipalities by national legislation.

    The main group of elected officials at Holmön were composed of a small assembly of dominant men. Only very few women participated, and the limited involvement of women were restricted to committees dealing with issues solely related to social life and schooling. The general political activity of the Holmön municipality was restricted to duties made compulsory

    by national legislation, and even though the municipality had a weak economy taxes were kept at low levels. Politics in the municipality was indeed characterized by economic thriftiness.

    In the study, Holmön is furthermore compared with other small municipalities, in Sweden as well in other Western European countries. Several of these countries – e.g. Finland, Norway and Iceland – to this day have municipalities with population sizes as small as Holmön.

  • 54481.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap. Statsvetenskap.
    Sambandet mellan kyrklig och kommunal indelning 1863-19992004Ingår i: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift 2004, Svenska Kyrkohistoriska Föreningen, Uppsala , 2004, s. 20-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Before 1863 the rural parishes were responsible

    for both the ecclesiastical and the local government

    matters. By this time the parishes were divided in

    two different units, one for the ecclesiastical matters

    and one for the local government matters. Because

    of that the parishes and the local government areas

    were mostly the same. The mutal parish areas and the

    local government areas coincide in very few cases.

    The rare exceptions from that were combined town

    and countryside mutal parishes.

    When the parliament in 1919 decided a new law of

    division it was emphasized that the local government

    division was the most important division at the local l

    evel. Because of that the local government division

    should be totally independent from the parish division.

    In spite of that it was not so important before the great municipal amalgamation in Sweden in 1952. During the parliamentary treatment of the municipal division it was discussed to what extent the new large municipalities

    should coincide with the mutal parishes. The difficulty

    was that many mutal parishes hade less than 2000

    inhabitants, which was prescribed minimum population

    for the new large municipalities. During the local

    realization several municipalities wanted the mutal

    parishes to be new large municipalities, despite they

    hade less than 2000 inhabitants. Because of the

    decision in principle at national level the demands

    were mostly rejected. The great municipal

    amalgamation in 1952 was the last occasion

    when an ecclesiastical division was discussed as a

    model for the municipal division.

    At the mutal parish reform in 1962 the great municipals

    became a very important model for the new bigger mutal parishes. The Swedish Church was not entirely satisfied

    with this decision. There were probably two reasons.

    Partly it was a desire to keep mutal parishes in spite of

    the fact that they were located in more than one

    municipal, partly it might be easier to keep mutal

    parishes with rather few inhabitants. In 1962 70

    percent of the Swedish municipalities were a mutal

    parish at the same time.

    The strong connection between the municipalities and

    mutal parishes was not permanent for a long time.

    Already in 1962 the parliament made a decision in

    principle on a new municipal amalgamation. When

    the new municipal division was decided in 1964 very

    few municipalities had the same area as a mutal parish,

    because the new municipalities at least should have

    8000 inhabitants. Another consequence of the new

    municipal division was that the number of mutal parishes

    which were located in more than one municipality

    increased. Because of that it was necessary to change

    the mutal parish division. This process started in the

    early 1970s, but was not yet fully completed in 1999.

    These mutal parish adjustments have been the most

    important changes of the ecclesiastical division in

    Sweden during the last three decades of the 20th

    century. Since 1952 nearly all changes of the

    ecclesiastical division have been realized with the

    municipality division as a model. The Church has

    lacked fully freedom of action to change its own

    ecclesiastical division.

  • 54482.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap. Political Science.
    Samlingsstyre - Blockstyre - Mångstyre: Kommunalpolitiska styrelseformer 1952-20022006Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    This book, with the title Coalition rule - bloc rule - multiple rule, deals with the development of the forms of government that have been put into practice in Swedish municipalities during the period 1952-2002. Forms of government refer to how the power, in the form of chairmanship of local administrations, has been distributed between the majority and minority in the different municipal councils. Two levels are involved in this study. First a national investigation, which for the main part of the period is done in the form of a total survey. Second, more detailed case studies applicable to the development in the county of Kronoberg, Småland.

    As the title indicates the development of the forms of government in Swedish municipalities can be classified into

    three main phases. The first phase, coalition rule, means that the majority and the minority shared chairmanships of local administrations. This was valid at the time of the starting-point of the study and continued until the beginning of the 1970s. The second phase, bloc rule, was seriously modelled during the first half of the 1970s and implied that one of the traditional political blocs had all the chairmanships in a municipality. The third and last phase, multiple rule, can be said to have started in the mid 1990s. This phase was characterised by softened bloc politics, among other things as a consequence of the fact that the Green Party and various local parties had the position as the balance of power in considerably more municipalities.

    The theoretical framework of the study is composed by the concepts of conflict and consensus, political culture, practice, hegemony and coalition formation. These five elements seem to be interrelated, and they should serve as suitable instruments of analysis. This should make the empirical results more possible to generalise. Conflict and consensus can be connected to the political culture by the fact that the political culture in a municipality can be characterised by either conflict or consensus. The political culture can then lead to a certain practice. For example, under a long succession of terms of office, a system is applied with as far-reaching majority marks

    as the law allows, where one of the traditional political blocs always is in power in the municipality. There is also an ambition to develop the theoretical insights better, in particular in two cases. First, there is an effort to formulate ideal models of municipal politics on the basis of the conception of hegemony. Second, there is an attempt to integrate the human factor in the theories of coalition formation.

  • 54483.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap. Statsvetenskap.
    Socknar som kom och socknar som gick: Förändringar av socken-/församlingsindelningen i Småland 1686-18622007Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54484.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Sparsamhet och konservatism i högsätet: om bondeförbundaren Axel Rubbestad2011Ingår i: Personhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0031-5699, nr 1, s. 23-46Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 54485.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Stadsbegreppet i Sverige och i övriga Norden2011Ingår i: Nordisk Tidskrift för vetenskap, konst och industri, ISSN 0029-1501, nr 1, s. 49-56Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54486.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Statligt eller kommunalt polisväsende i Sverige: argument förr och nu2018Ingår i: Kriminologi och poliskunskap: mötet mellan forskning och praktik / [ed] Peter Lindström & Ulf Sempert, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, s. 197-231Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54487.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap. Statsvetenskap.
    Svenska statsråd 1945-20032005Ingår i: Personhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0031-5699, nr 2, s. 18-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 54488.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Svensson, Gustaf Hjalmar2019Ingår i: Svenskt Biografiskt Lexikon: Häfte 170, Swenson - Swensson / [ed] Åsa Karlsson, Stockholm: Riksarkivet, 2019, 1, s. 696-700Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 54489.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Så blev det Karlstads kommun 1971: Om kommunsammanläggningarna som ledde fram till den nuvarande kommunbildningen2012Ingår i: Pionjärer, kravaller och fattiga bönder: Berättelser om Karlstad med omnejd under 150 år, 1863-2012 / [ed] Jon Räftegård, Karlstad: Karlstads kommunarkiv , 2012, 1, s. 285-337Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54490.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Tage Erlander. Dagböcker 19592009Ingår i: Personhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0031-5699, nr 2, s. 236-238Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54491.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Tillit och korruption: Korruption - Maktmissbruk och bristande tillit i svensk lokalpolitik 1963-20112013 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54492.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora. Historia.
    Vägen till sockensjälvstyelsens upphörande: Bakgrund och beslutsprocess rörande storkommunreformen2001Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54493.
    Wångmar, Erik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Lennartsson, Malin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Historians and Their Sources: The use of unpublished source material in Swedish doctoral theses in history, 1959-2015, and in student bachelor's and master's theses, 2010-20152018Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 43, nr 3, s. 365-386Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the development of the use of unpublished source material in Swedish doctoral theses in history, 1959–2015. The results show that the proportion of theses which rely on such materials has dropped in relation to the level that existed up to and including the year 2007. From having dropped below 90% only twice during the time period 1959–2007, the average for the years 2008–2015 is 77%. There are several explanations as to why this decline in use of unpublished source material has occurred. An initial explanation is that more doctoral theses are now published within the subdiscipline of historical science, in which, for example, history didactics and uses of history are included. History didactics and uses of history have gained more ground within the overall field of historical research during the last 10 years. The next-to-lowest figures are found in the category history of ideas, culture, and opinion history; a category which during the time period 2008–2015 remained at a fairly constant share of the total number of doctoral defences in history in Sweden in relation to the situation at the beginning of the 2000s.

  • 54494.
    Wångmar, Erik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Lennartsson, Malin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Historikerna och källorna: Om användningen av otryckt källmaterial i doktorsavhandlingar och examensarbeten i historia2017Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 54495.
    Wångmar, Erik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Lennartsson, Malin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Historikerna och källorna: Utmaningar, möjligheter, samarbeten2019Ingår i: Presented at Svenska historikermötet – Växjö, 8-10 maj 2019: Tema: Rättigheter, Växjö: Linnaeus University , 2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54496.
    Wångmar, Erik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Loxbo, Karl
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Finlands sätt bör bli Sveriges2010Ingår i: Kommunalvetenskaplig Tidskrift (i Finland), ISSN 0356-3669, nr 1, s. 90-96Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 54497.
    Wångmar, Erik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Zanderin, Lars
    Historik och den kommunala rätten i förhållande till olika rättsområden2010Ingår i: Kommunalrätt: - en introduktion för professionsutbildningar / [ed] Lars Zanderin och Annika Staaf, Stockholm: Liber, 2010, 1:2, s. 11-31Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 54498.
    Wångne, Nicole
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Pustovoyt, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Vart tog musiken vägen?: En kvalitativ undersökning om hur ett evenemang kan användas som ett kommunikationsverktyg.2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Länder och städer lägger allt mer fokus på att arbeta med det egna varumärket och har därmed fått ett mer företagsliknande seende med medborgarna som konsumenter. Samtidigt använder de sig i allt större utsträckning av evenemang som ett marknadsföringsmedel. Evenemang av olika slag har på så viss blivit ett kraftfullt kommunikationsverktyg. Men ännu finns det inte tillräckligt med studier kring hur evenemang påverkar platsen eller platsens befolkning. 

    Studiens huvudsyfte är att bidra med ökad förståelse för hur en plats kan kommunicera sitt varumärke genom ett evenemang som Eurovision Song Contest. Genom att analysera skapandet av 2013 års Eurovision koncept "We Are One" och se vilken typ av påverkan det kan ha på värdstaden. 

    Studien baseras på kvalitativ forskning i form av halvstrukturerade intervjuer med personer som har insyn i årets svenska produktion av Eurovision Song Contest. 

    Vår studie har ett varumärkesperspektiv på Eurovision Song Contest och utgår från teori om platsmarknadsföring med kringliggande teorier om varumärke och storytelling. 

    Vårt resultat visar att Eurovision Song Contest är en mäktig kommunikationsplattform som värdlandet och värdstaden kan använda utifrån ett eget specifikt syfte. Syftet kopplas till det som platsen är i behov av att jobba med som t. ex ekonomi, näringslivet, mediabilden etc. Konceptet skapas med hjälp av storytelling metoden där varumärket framställs genom en berättelse, genom vilket det går att urskilja ett budskap värdlandet vill kommunicera. Vi kan konstatera att evenemang har en tendens att ge en kortsiktig effekt och för att arbeta mer långsiktigt krävs det att medborgaren får ta en större del i processen för att evenemanget ska skapa mervärde för platsen och dess medborgare. Slutligen kan vi se att oavsett värdland förblir Eurovision en säljande plattform, där kommande värdländer kommer att avgöra tävlingens utveckling och framtid. 

  • 54499.
    Wångstedt, Emelie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Translating Place Names: A study on English place names in Swedish texts2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study looks at English place names in Swedish texts with a focus on which translation strategies are more common today, whether there is a progress from a diachronic perspective from translation to transference, and whether the prominence of each place name affects the chosen translation strategy. The thesis includes a corpusbased study of 299 place names collected from four sources, which were researched in the online newspaper archive found on the website of the National Library of Sweden. A chapter from Rowan Moore’s book Slow Burn City was translated and its use of place names analysed in light of the corpus results. The results showed that transference is the most used strategy today while part-translations and additions are also frequently used. The prominence of a place has been shown to be a determining factor in the chosen translation strategy, with more well-known places being transferred in English than lesser known places. The results varied between the different categories of place names (institutions and facilities, objects and works of art and geographical places) regarding the most frequent strategies in the past with some categories showing a progress from translation to transference, others with even use of translation and transference in the past and finally two categories where English was more common in the past than today.

  • 54500.
    Wåxberg, Tim
    et al.
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Sjöfartshögskolan.
    Olsson, Henrik
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Sjöfartshögskolan.
    Sjöingenjör: Möjligheternas Yrke2008Studentarbete andra termin, 5 poäng / 7,5 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Kärnkraften ser vi som ett miljövänligt och bra alternativ för framtiden. Därför kändes det intressant att undersöka om vi som blivande sjöingenjörer har en framtid där efter våran karriär till sjöss. Syftet med detta arbete är att få ökad insikt om vilka teoretiska kunskaper, praktiska och personliga egenskaper som gör sjöingenjören attraktiv i ledande befattningar vid kärnkraftsverk. Datainsamlingen skedde med hjälp av en enkätundersökning och en intervju. Undersökningen skickades ut till Sveriges samtliga kärnkraftverk och intervjun gjordes med en anställd på ett utav dem. Detta citat ifrån en av undersökningens respondenter kan sammanfatta vår slutsats. ” Sjöingenjörsprogrammet är en mycket attraktiv utbildning för oss!”. Detta resultat, kan bero på den stora bristen och ointresse från unga att läsa till ingenjörsyrken, samt ingenjörernas höga medelålder och kommande pensionsavgångar.

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