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  • 601.
    Weinmann, Hannes
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    In-Vehicle Information Systems: An Investigation of Dependencies in the Driver-Vehicle-Environment (DVE) System – an On-Road Study2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how In-Vehicle Information Systems (IVIS) can influence people´s driving behavior in the real environment. In particular, this thesis investigates important parameters and variables in the so called Driver-Vehicle-Environment (DVE) system. Most of the current knowledge regarding driver distraction is based on simulator studies, since simulators are highly controllable and cost efficient. As a result, the environmental component in the DVE system is not sufficiently addressed. This is a concern, since driving behavior is a combination of influences from both, the information system in the vehicle and the environment. My study, however, aimed to explain phenomena regarding driver distraction in their overall context. This was achieved in two steps. First, important parameters and variables with respect to the three system-elements (Driver, Vehicle, and Environment) were identified from the literature and summarized in a “Big Picture” (extended/substantiated DVE system). Second, after parameters and variables were identified, they were tested/varied in the frame of an onroad experiment. After completing these two steps, the data from the field was analyzed in the context of the extended/substantiated DVE system. I expect this study to have an impact on current knowledge, since it substantiates and contextualizes parameters and variables in the DVE system. Furthermore, my proposed framework, at the end of this thesis, is relevant for a variety of stakeholders, since it illustrates dependencies in an overall- and real life context.

  • 602.
    Wendel, Andreas
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Vad försiggår i produktionen?: En fallstudie på Aller Tryck AB2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att ha kontroll över informationen och se till att denna är korrekt är numera en förutsättning för att kunna bedriva en effektiv verksamhet. Utöver detta kräver en effektiv organisation även att man har kontroll och överblick över de processer vilka finns i organisationen.

    Dessa processer måste kunna beskrivas och åskådliggöras för att på så sätt kunna se vart informationen skapas och om detta är ett bra tillvägagångssätt.

    För att kunna göra detta har jag således studerat litteratur kring information och informationssystem för att på så sätt kunna redogöra för hur data bör hanteras för att kunna omvandlas till korrekt och bra information vilken kan användas såsom beslutsunderlag. Utöver detta har litteratur kring processbeskrivningar studerats för att på ett så korrekt sätt som möjligt kunna åskådliggöra de processer vilka finns i organisationen. Med detta som grund kunde sedan organisationen studeras för att finna problem i hanteringen och skapandet utav data och information.

    Aller Tryck AB uttryckte tidigt ett önskemål om att erhålla en processbeskrivning över sin produktion och de informationsflöden vilka kan synliggöras här. De efterfrågade även en kontroll utav den data vilken ligger till grund för mycket av arbetet i produktionen och dennes planering.

    En processbeskrivning gjordes således samt att en fallstudie genomfördes för att kunna påvisa de faktorer vilka påverkar den data vilken misstänktes för att vara inkorrekt.

    Resultatet påvisade stora brister i mätmetoderna och hanteringen av denna information. De applikationer vilka finns i organisationen är inte integrerade och den manuella hanteringen spär således på felkällorna till den redan felaktiga datan.

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  • 603.
    Westermark, Erik
    University of Kalmar, School of Communication and Design.
    Produktvisualisering på webben: Material, färg och form för applikation av interaktiv produktvisning2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report addresses the theories and methods of usability in creating a Flash application. The report describes step by step in the creative process, all the way from the development needs and use to create content and finally a detailed explanation of how the application assemblies. The methods used are mainly ITK (Identity Tool Kit) and scenarios according to Alan Cooper. Furthermore, methods of assembly and visualization of application used with the support of Nielsen and Raskin usability principles. The result shows that the use of ITK in order to identify an activity, this requires a great understanding and modification of this. It also shows that Alan Cooper's theories about the scenarios do not come into its own, without a detailed analysis of the users thereof. The results also show that using the software 3D Studio Max and Flash for interactive content for product visualization on the web is created with good results.

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  • 604.
    Widjeskog, Regina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Hur prioriterar en matrisorganisation?: En beskrivning & analys av prioriteringsprocessen i ett PMO hos en matrisorganisation.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Företag kan ha olika struktur och med denna organisationsstruktur kommer en del utmaningar. Matrisorganisationer är en utformning av det mer komplexare slaget och dess tydligaste kännetecken är multipla rapporteringsvägar. På senare tid har det visat sig att matrisorganisationer som arbetar med Project Management Office (PMO) har problem med hur de ska prioritera sina projekt. Detta för att beslutsvägarna är komplexa och det många gånger är svårt att veta vem det är som bestämmer.

     

    Syftet med studien var att beskriva och analysera prioriteringsprocessen i ett PMO som existerar i en matrisorganisation. Studien har även velat påvisa vilka faktorer som påverkar denna prioriteringsprocess. För att besvara syftet har en deskriptiv undersökningsmetod använts med en deduktiv ansats. Studien har haft Företag X i Västerås som fallföretag, där utförliga intervjuer har genomförts med relevanta informanter för att samla in empiri.

     

    I studien beskrivs begrepp som är kopplade till prioriteringsprocessen i ett PMO i en matrisorganisation, uppdelade i fyra olika teman; projekt, styrning, beslutsfattande och organisation. Studiens resultat och analys börjar med en verksamhetsbeskrivning men är sedan indelat i fem rubriker. Direkt under samtliga av dessa rubriker sker en analys utifrån den teoretiska referensramen. Därefter sker en djupare diskussion gällande prioriteringsprocessen och dess påverkande faktorer.

     

    Denna studie påvisar att fallföretaget saknar en tydlig prioriteringsprocess. Väldefinierade IS strategier och Business drivers i kombination med rätt visualiseringsverktyg underlättar prioriteringsprocessen för en matrisorganisation. Andra faktorer som även påverkar är styrning och struktur i PMO, beslutsfattande och resurser.

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  • 605.
    Wiklund, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics. Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Annonsplacering: Hur placeringen av annonser i artiklar kan optimeras för högre Click Through Rate2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The web as an arena for news reporting and information sharing to consumers has grown for many years in the expense of the traditional newspapers. The revenue stream has however not followed the same transformation which has led to a remarkably lower profit when news and articles are distributed through the web. Banner advertising is a method that is commonly used by online magazines to generate profit where advertisers pay to expose their message. One method to measure banner ads effectivity, and indirectly, what the advertiser would pay, is through Click-Through Rate (CTR), how many clicks a banner ad receives in relation to the amount of banner views. One of the variables that play an important role in the banner ad effectivity is the placement of the banner ad. This study has investigated if CTR is affected depending on the banner ad placement. The click- and view tracking has been measured by the amount of click and views every tested banner ad received. The results of the measurement show that the both placement have received an equal CTR. This study shows that common believes regarding banner ad placement could be wrong and that the placement of banner ads needs to be evaluated continuously in relation to several variables to keep the effectivity of the banner ad. This study’s limited extent underlines that further research needs to be done to draw a complete conclusion and support the findings. 

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  • 606.
    Wikström, Lena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Bergström, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Undersökning kring lärares perspektiv på högre undervisning i Second Life2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats behandlar lärares perspektiv på högre undervisning med Second Life som undervisningsplattform. Second Life (SL) är en virtuell värld där olika lärosäten världen runt har egna ”öar” och bedriver olika former av undervisning. Inledningsvis beskrivs vad SL är och hur det kan användas i undervisningssyfte.

    Här presenteras även de frågeställningar som behandlades, vilka var:

    ”Vilka positiva och negativa aspekter kan lärare uppleva vid användandet av SL som undervisningsplattform?” samt

    "Hur upplever man som lärare i Second Life skillnaderna i förutsättningar gentemot traditionell klassrumsundervisning?”

    För att belysa problematiken gjordes litteraturstudier om olika pedagogiska modeller och teorier för undervisning i virtuella världar, undervisningsformer, bedömning samt olika typer av problem som kan uppstå. Uppsatsförfattarna skaffade sig även personliga erfarenheter av Second Life och samlade relevanta lärarkontakter till en sändlista. De faktorer som ansågs intressanta att analysera delades in i följande områden:

    · användning av virtuella världar i högre utbildning

    · förutsättningar för undervisning via virtuella världar

    · skillnader mellan traditionell och virtuell undervisning.

    Med detta material som utgångspunkt skrevs en enkät som innehöll både öppnafrågor och frågor med givna svarsalternativ. Denna skickades till 73 personer vid olika lärosäten världen runt. Endast 14 personer besvarade enkäten, vilket begränsar resultatens användningsområde och tillförlitlighet. Undersökningens viktigaste resultat är följande:

    Användning av virtuella världar i högre utbildning:

    · antalet lärare som använder SL i undervisning har minskat

    · SL-lärare använder pedagogiska modeller som i en eller annan form bygger på social konstruktivism.

    Förutsättningar för undervisning via virtuella världar:

    · attityder till undervisning i Second Life som lärare möter från sina respektivelärosäten är i anmärkningsvärt hög grad negativa

    · det behövs en pålitlig och effektiv metod för identitetskontroll av studenter

    · problem med tekniken är mycket vanliga, liksom att det ofta är svårt för nybörjare att ”komma in i” och snabbt lära sig använda miljön.

    Skillnader mellan traditionell och virtuell undervisning:

    · språkundervisning verkar ha större likheter mellan traditionell undervisning och undervisning i Second Life

    · kursförberedelser och undervisning i SL tar mer tid än motsvarande undervisning i mer traditionell form.

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    Undersökning kring lärares perspektiv på högre undervisning i Second Life
  • 607.
    Wingkvist, Anna
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    The Quest for Equilibrium: Towards an Understanding of Scalability and Sustainability for Mobile Learning2008Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The research presented in this thesis investigates the concept of sustainability in relation to mobile learning initiatives. Sustainability is seen as a key concept for mobile learning to gain acceptance. In linking sustainability to scalability, a term used to describe how well something can grow to suit an increasing complexity, a representation of this process is provided. In this thesis, this process is called ``the quest for equilibrium.''

    A study was conducted of an actual mobile learning initiative that involved introducing podcasts as a supplement to traditional lectures in higher education. In following this initiative, thorough data gathering was conducted, utilizing the process of iterative cycles that characterizes the action research approach. In accordance, a literature survey was conducted, whereby leading publications in mobile learning were classified and analyzed according to the following criteria: Reflections, Frameworks, Scalability, and Sustainability.

    As the mobile learning system evolved from idea to an actual empirical study, trying to understand this process became important. The insights gained during this research were used to develop a conceptual model that is based on the notion that the two concepts of Scalability and Sustainability can be linked to each other.

    This conceptual model is presented describing how a mobile learning system evolves, from Idea, to Experiment, to Project, to Release. Further, each of the stages in this evolution is described by using four areas of concern: Technology, Learning, Social, and Organization.

    Using the experience from a specific mobile learning initiative to define a conceptual model that then is used to describe the same initiative, was a way to bring together practice, theory, and research, thus provide reliable evidence for the model itself.

    The conceptual model can serve as a thinking tool for mobile learning practitioners, to help address the complexity involved when undertaking new efforts and initiatives in this field.

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  • 608.
    Wingkvist, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM), Department of Computer Science.
    Ericsson, Morgan
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden;Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Asked and Answered: Communication Patterns of Experts on an Online Forum2013In: Proceedings IRIS36: August 11-14 2013 at Gran, Norway, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion of network structure for social relations dates back half a century. Nowadays people form social networks offline as well as online. At an online community people are connected trough information exchange of sorts. Interest groups form often forums to aid each other and discuss things. Programmers are no exception and a question and answer site called Stack Overflow has been up and running since 2008. Our focus is to find patterns of how people interact on this online community and see if we can find expert users. We find 4 different ways to categorize experts, which result in different rankings. We also investigate how expertise is divided among topics, and find some overlap with the global ranking. 

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  • 609.
    Winter, Jeff
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Rönkkö, Kari
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    SPI success factors within product usability evaluation2010In: Journal of Systems and Software, ISSN 0164-1212, E-ISSN 1873-1228, Vol. 83, no 11, p. 2059-2072Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an experience report where we compare 8 years of experience of product related usability testing and evaluation with principles for software process improvement (SPI). In theory the product and the process views are often seen to be complementary, but studies of industry have demonstrated the opposite. Therefore, more empirical studies are needed to understand and improve the present situation. We find areas of close agreement as well as areas where our work illuminates new characteristics. It has been identified that successful SPI is dependent upon being successfully combined with a business orientation. Usability and business orientation also have strong connections although this has not been extensively addressed in SPI publications. Reasons for this could be that usability focuses on product metrics whilst today's SPI mainly focuses on process metrics. Also because today's SPI is dominated by striving towards a standardized, controllable, and predictable software engineering process; whilst successful usability efforts in organisations are more about creating a creative organisational culture advocating a useful product throughout the development and product life cycle. We provide a study and discussion that supports future development when combining usability and product focus with SPI, in particular if these efforts are related to usability process improvement efforts.

  • 610.
    Wittgren, Amanda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Simonsson Huck, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Förändringskommunikation: En fallstudie om behovet av information genom en organisationsförändring2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Förändringar är något som ständigt pågår i vår omgivning och innebär att organisationer och företag måste vidareutvecklas för att möta de utmaningar och krav som förändringarna medför. För att genomföra lyckad förändring krävs såväl förståelse om varför förändringen måste ske som engagemang för genomförandet. Tidigare forskning återkommer till slutsatsen att väl fungerande kommunikation har en avgörande roll i syfte att skapa den förståelse och det engagemang som krävs. Informationslogistik uppmärksammar hur effektiv kommunikation bygger på informationsflöden med förmåga att förmedla rätt information, i rätt tid och genom rätt kanal. Vi har identifierat att det saknas ett uttalat informationslogistiskt perspektiv i den befintliga forskningen kring förändringskommunikation. I denna studie har vi undersökt vilka krav som ställs i syfte att möta behovet av information och kommunikation i förändring och hur organisationsförändringar bör kommuniceras internt. Studien har haft sin utgångspunkt i ett teoretiskt ramverk där den informationslogistiska triangeln kombinerats med Förändringshjulet. Kombinationen har bidragit med ett informationslogistiskt perspektiv till kunskapen om kommunikation vid förändringsarbete. Studiens resultat visar på vikten av att inte enbart kommunicera förändringens syfte utan även motivera de förändringsbeslut som innebär en direkt påverkan för verksamheten. Studien visar hur behovet av kommunikation likväl som de krav som ställs på information och kommunikation skiftar genom förändringen. Ju mer praktiskt påtaglig förändringen upplevs, desto större blir även behovet av mer kontinuerlig information och kommunikation. Resultatet belyser vidare behovet av att föra dialog och samtidigt identifieras efterfrågan på tillgång till informationen i kompletterande kanaler. Även vikten av att tydliggöra vem som ansvarar för kommunikationen under förändringens olika faser identifieras, det vill säga vem eller vilka som är ämnade att besvara olika typer av frågeställningar genom förändringen. Avslutningsvis rekommenderar vi att organisationer som står inför en förändring bör strukturera och planera förändringskommunikationen redan i ett tidigt skede. Genom att identifiera verksamhetens kommunikationsbehov och definiera en kommunikationsstruktur blir det möjligt att säkerställa att rätt information förmedlas i rätt tid och genom rätt kanal.

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  • 611.
    Wu, Xue
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Can Google Earth enhance Business Intelligence?: Exploring innovative uses of a new GIS tool2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We are facing a period that coming into information time, which forced us to live in a new living style. It seems that every business movement is related with information transformation. When computers are used to deal with business data, we begin to search a way to make digital data into refined format information in order to let people to understand. This change results in a changing of business forms. For example, e-services refer to provide a certain service or play function on line, which has the tendency to replace the place of traditional service. How this kind of service can be developed remains a question mark to us.

    The challenge of e-service is how to get different functions into integration. This thesis begins to research it focusing the point view of GIS (Geography Information System). Take Google earth as an example to illustrate how GIS is being used and what possible future uses of it can be developed. By exploring its use in data collecting, and analyzing, the possible applications in business world can be obviously released.

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  • 612.
    Xu, Chenfan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Impact of a Decision Support System on Obstetricians in the Pregnancy Nutrition Guidance2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Pregnancy Nutrition (PN) guidance is an issue of great concern worldwide because of its direct relevance to the maternal healthcare and the healthy prenatal development (Li et al., 2004, p. 11). Providing an effective guidance on PN is an onerous and time-consuming task. Extensive experience, knowledge, and continuous and actual calculations are required for the obstetricians. Consequently, the PN guidance is often faced with difficulties and hurdles. It is, however, dramatically changed with the emergence of a Decision Support System (DSS) for PN guidance based on the computer information management technique. This DSS has been applied for the clinic guidance of PN in obstetrics departments or hospitals in China. Its impacts on obstetricians are investigated in this thesis.

    Objectives: This thesis investigates the consequences and intrinsic correlations of relevant factors during the application of the DSS, so that its effects on obstetricians can be clearly identified and the usefulness of this system for pregnancy nutrition guidance can be effectively established. It also lays a foundation for an effective communication between system developers and the end users of this system. At the meantime, this work proposes the concepts and methods that allow proper utility of such an information management system.

    Methods: A number of research methods have been applied for data acquisitions and analyses, including direct observations of the obstetrics department in the hospital in study, conversational interviews with the participating obstetricians, and distance communications. These approaches enable us to prepare the resources to construct the model based on these case studies. As a parallel approach, quantitative methods based on questionnaires have been conducted which reach out a large number of obstetricians in different locations. This allows a statistical analysis that permits the impact analysis and correlation of the intrinsic factors, so that the conclusions of this study can be consolidated.

    Results: Positive impacts will be measured by five factors including convenience, acceptability, generality, concreteness, and effectiveness, while negative impacts by three factors including verbosity, rigidity, and expensiveness.

    Conclusions: The DSS has successfully enhanced the application of correct PN guidance. Both positive and negative impacts have been generated on obstetricians by the DSS. These impacts are mainly related to the seniority of obstetricians and their familiarity with the PN guidance and the DSS. The development, utilization, and operation management of the DSS in PN guidance has generated impacts and functions. This study might provide resources and foundation of the systematic management of the DSS together with its development. The DSS and the related Chief Information Officers and Specialists will benefit from this study and therefore provide improved support and assistance for the end users to complete information system management successfully.

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  • 613.
    XU, Yangyang
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Distance students’ perspectives about a formal learning management system at a Swedish university 2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has conducted interpretive qualitative research to investigate the impacts and limitations of LMS Moodle in distance students’ learning process from distance students’ perspectives. The qualitative data was collected from mediated semi-structured interviews with distance students participating in a Master program at Linnaeus University. Through empirical findings and analysis, the positive experiences and limitations of using Moodle in facilitating distance learning process have been revealed from distance students’ perspectives. The positive experiences include that LMS Moodle was used by distance students for interacting with other students, teachers and accessing study contents during their distance learning process. Moodle was used to know new classmates, teachers and the new learning system, recruit group members for the collaborative works, communicate with teachers and other classmates, and obtain significant information about courses. Especially, accessing study contents in Moodle easily was critical for distance students' learning. However, there were still some limitations. Distance students preferred Facebook to Moodle for student-student interaction during the process of collaborative works. The interaction with teachers was not adequate and timely for distance students. The limitations also include unsatisfactory Moodle interface design and poor usability of Moodle.

     

    Some suggestions about improving LMS Moodle in different ways had also been acquired from the research. The suggestions from distance students mainly focus on integrating Moodle with other web conferencing platforms for improving the quality of student-student, student-teacher interaction in Moodle, ameliorating the interface design of Moodle, and adding Moodle tutorials. The result will help the development of LMS based on distance students' needs and finally benefit distance students' learning process.  

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    Distance students’ perspectives about a formal learning management system at a Swedish university
  • 614.
    Yang, Dingjie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    The Network Lens2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A complex network graphics may be composed of hundreds and thousands of objects, such as nodes and edges. Each object may hold a large number of attributes that might be difficult to explore in the network visualization. Therefore, many visualization tools and approaches have been developed to gain more information from the network graphics. In this paper, we introduce the concept of the Network Lens, a new widget that assists the users to deal with a complex network. The Network Lens is an interactive tool that combines data visualization to a magic lens. With the help of the Network Lens, users can display hidden information of the elements in the network graphics based on their interest. Moreover, the Network Lens supports a series of interactive functions that give the users flexible options to define their own lenses.

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  • 615.
    Yoo, Sam
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Naef, Petter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Agila Business Intelligence System: Kritiska framgångsfaktorer2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An Agile Business Intelligence System (ABIS) is a relatively new and complex type of information system, which is characterized by shortened development times, for by example introducing more self-service in the analytical systems, in order to meet the need to analyze the business environment, which is changing at an even faster pace. As the ABIS is a new and relatively uncharted area there is a need to explore this area. IT investments are too often unprofitable and there is an interest to show what contributes to a successful implementation of an ABIS and in which manner.

    The purpose of this case study was to identify highly ranked and common critical success factors based on the critical success factors faced by previous research in ABIS, describe how these contributed to a successful introduction of the system and examining differences and / or similarities between how these factors act from customer and supplier perspective.

    Earlier research on critical success factors for business intelligence systems was used as a basis for this study. Especially the model developed in 2010 by Yeoh and Koronios was used as a starting point to list potential factors to be considered by this study.

    This study was conducted as a case study with the help of a company that delivers both consulting services and ABIS. A Delphi panel was used to shortlist two success factors, which were then studied in more detail in semi-structured interviews to describe how these contributed to the successful introduction of ABIS from both a client as well as a supplier perspective.

    The two factors that both ranked high and were common for all respondents were:

    • Clear vision and well-established business case
    • Data quality and data integrity

    The leading perspective was the customer and the supplier role was to properly understand the customer perspective in order to successfully introduce ABIS. The vision and business case were important to link the introduction ABIS to client objectives. Data quality and data integrity was the most significant factor on the basis of the resource allocation of implementation projects for ABIS.

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  • 616.
    Zaid, Mohammad
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Critical success factor for the implementation of information system in an organisation: CASE OF WARTSILA2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Information system projects are gaining immense popularity among the manufacturing organisations across the globe. Due to the challenges associated with the information system project management with the manufacturing organisation, organisations have started focusing on technology-oriented solutions such as Information system (IS) projects. However, the success or failure of these projects is ultimately dependent on a range of critical success factors. The purpose of the research was to investigate the Critical Success Factors (CSF) in an Information System (IS) project using the case of Wartsila, a manufacturing organisation operating in marine and energy sector. For this purpose, a qualitative research method was adopted with semi-structured interviews carried out with the IT manager, the Integration Manager (Int. M), and the project teams involved in the project. Thematic analysis, which was chosen as the appropriate data analysis method, assisted in the identification of several codes that were categorized and finally guided to the extraction of seven (7) key themes. A conceptual framework was drawn from the secondary literature review containing CSF within the two major categories such as subjective and objective CSFs. The set of subjective CSFs included project management and team member, commitment and management support, training, change management perceptions, communication, and project planning and management. On the other side, the set of objective CSFs included the process of redesigning, technological difficulties in system design, costs, time engineering, and quality.  

    These literature-based factors were simultaneously analysed by the responses of the interviewees, ultimately ending up in the development of a modified and comprehensive framework for the manufacturing organisation. The findings revealed the significance of subjective factor in shaping the accomplishment of objective factors, drive the project towards the success. These findings have further recommended the need for culturally sensitive ‘training’ and integration of formal and informal ‘communication’ methods for the success of the projects in the manufacturing organisations.

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    Critical success factor for the implementation of information system in an organisation
  • 617.
    Zakre, Kenan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    The Use Of Learning Management Systems In Primary Schools: A Qualitative Study Among Teachers In Sweden2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Information and Communication Technology is used in the education field in Sweden toimprove learning quality. The aim of this research is to investigate the use of LearningManagement Systems in primary schools, in the specific context of the role of LearningManagement System (LMS) in learning and teaching processes from teachers‟perspectives. Furthermore, This Thesis aims to explore teachers‟ perceptions of how touse this learning management system which is used in primary Swedish schools.Six teachers from two different primary schools in small municipality in the south ofSweden participated in semi-structured interviews. The theoretical model of UnifiedTheory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) inspired this qualitativeresearch along with the other related past studies. This quantitative model was only usedto sensitize the research process, for collecting and analysing qualitative data in thisstudy.The different elements of the theory such as performance expectancy, effort expectancy,social influence and facilitating conditions along with studies helps in conducting studybasedon qualitative approach for analysing the interviews. The research results indicatethat teachers were content with the usage of this learning management system, but thereis a lack of knowledge regarding this system. The system is helpful in performanceevaluation, planning, communication and overall working for routine tasks. Theresponses of interviews showed that teachers are not trained for using the features ofLearning management system in the way that it is designed for. The findings showed thatteachers require the support from professionals to integrate the system into their routineplanning. Furthermore, they also emphasise on the need to make the system user-friendlywith easy navigation. The findings of this study were compared to previous studies, anda further comparison was carried out regarding how it relates to the determinants andmoderating factors such as peer influence, internal perceptions and motivations, timeconstraints, organisational structure and facilitating conditions. Hence, support andtraining are needed to enhance learning and teaching through this Learning managementsystem.

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    The Use of Learning Management Systems in Primary Schools
  • 618.
    Zaremba, Anja
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Petersson, Jem
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Alarm på bryggan: trygghet och irritation2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Work on a navigational bridge consists to a great extent of control tasks. Control and alarm systems are available to facilitate this work. The interaction between humans and systems depends partly on the  user's knowledge and experience and partly on bridge design and technologies’ usability. The topic of this thesis is the handling of alarms and alarm systems on  navigational  bridges.  The aim was to  study  whether there are strategies for this and if so, to illustrate how these strategies work. For this reason seven officers’  experiences were examined with  qualitative methods, semi-structured interviews and content analysis.

    The investigation led among other things to the following conclusions:  

    Alarm handling is often done according to unwritten rules and agreements. It is seen as part of the profession and is done on the side.

    Officers follow a scheme when an alarm calls for their attention.

    Officers construct their own tools and methods to deal with ergonomic problems and malfunctions.

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    Alarm på bryggan: trygghet och irritation
  • 619.
    Zeng, Juying
    et al.
    Zhejiang University of Finance and Economics, China.
    Costa-Climent, Ricardo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Ribeiro-Navarrete, Samuel
    Valencian International University, Spain.
    Paradoxical effects of local regulation practices on common resources: evidence from spatial econometrics2019In: Knowledge Management Research & Practice, ISSN 1477-8238, E-ISSN 1477-8246, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper innovatively applies a spatial lagged model to investigate the consequences of the devolution of environmental regulation in the absence of knowledge-based, sustainability-oriented nested institutions. Chinese provinces are taken as self-organising social groups sharing a common resource of air quality. The spatial measurement shows that air quality has a positive spatial spillover effect on neighbouring provinces. Due to a tragedy-of-the-commons vicious cycle, however, the estimated direct, indirect and overall spatial spillover effects of the provinces’ self-regulation practices on the common resource are all negative. That is, local regulations through investments for waste gas treatment exert paradoxical counter-productive effect on common resource of air quality in the local province and neighbouring provinces. These findings confirm that, in the absence of nested institutions that are based on system-level, sustainability-oriented knowledge management, even commons-protecting actions at individual provincial level may result in jeopardised common resources at the system level. © 2019, © Operational Research Society 2019.

  • 620.
    Zetterholm, My
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Are the Physiological and Digital Systems Converging?: Exploring the relation between humans and mobile technologies.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has its starting point in the digitalization of society focusing on the rapid development of mobile technologies and the increasing interplay between humans and machines. The use of information and communication technologies (ICT) is extending at a fast pace, affecting all parts of society, and the everyday life of most individuals. The fast progressing development of mobile technologies (smartphones and their accessories/ wearable’s) is creating new trends such as health tracking and quantified self. These mobile technologies can register an increasing number of physiological features, implying that the interconnection between the physiological and digital systems is increasing. This creates a range of new possibilities within health and medical research but it also creates new challenges and the need for new knowledge in how we relate these devices to our bodies. In the psychological perspective, smartphone use is increasing and previous studies imply that these devices are affecting our behaviour, our mental health as well as our cognitive functions. This implies for a need to understand the relation we have to these devices also in a psychological perspective, focusing on emotions and cognition. This study set out to explore the relation between humans and technologies from a systems perspective. The research question involved: How are users and smartphones related in physical and psychological perspectives? The methods used were questionnaires and interviews. The respondents were students in two European universities, who described their experiences of smartphone use, and three doctors (in medicine and biomedicine) that provided interesting aspects in how mobile technologies can be related to the human body from a system perspective

     

    In a physical perspective the users as well as their physical environments could be described as converging with the digital systems. The need of being connected and have access to all life-spheres at once seemed to be an important driving force, implying that users are dependent on information and a converged life-style. In a psychological perspective, the emotional bond seemed stronger then the actual physical need. The perceptions of smartphones differed, but a common denominator described by both Swedish and Albanian users, was the perception of the smartphone as something with human-like features, comparable to a friend. The last part of the study concerned if smartphones can be seen as a new entity of our own system, comparable to an organ. The result suggests that this depends on the individual use, if the technologies is used to sustain health, the value it provides, and it is also a matter of the users ontological believes. The concept of physio-digital convergence is proposed as a new concept to analyse the development of increasing use of mobile technologies further.

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    Thesis
  • 621.
    Zetterholm, My
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Brandt, Patrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Jokela, Päivi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Physio-digital Convergence: Aspects on Security2016In: Proceedings of 7th International Conference Information Systems and Technology Innovations: the New Paradigm for a Smarter Economy / [ed] Kozeta Sevrani, Tirana: University of Tirana , 2016, article id 1Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fast progressing development of mobile technologies and health applications has given rise to trends like health tracking and quantify self. This kind of mobile health applications can measure an increasing amount of physiological parameters, which implies an increasing interconnectivity between users and mobile technologies. An explorative pre-study was made which studied the relation between users and mobile technologies on students in Sweden and Albania. The results imply an increasing interconnectivity between users and mobile technologies and this can be considered as both a physical and psychological phenomenon. From a system perspective the physiological and digital systems can be seen as converging, driven by both technical innovations and user behavior. This blurring of system boundaries requires for reflections within philosophy and ethics as well as security and integrity. The concept of Physio-digital convergence is proposed as a perspective to further analyze this development. Recommendations on further research include integrity and security issues, which are both pointed out as critical aspects in this context. 

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    fulltext
  • 622.
    Zetterholm, My
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Jokela, Päivi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Nilsson, Lina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Technology Mediated Nudging in a Mobile Health Context2018In: UBT International Conference 2018, UBT Knowledge Center , 2018, p. 1-6Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to a vision for eHealth launched in 2016 by the Swedish Government, Sweden will be leading the way in using the potential of digitalization and eHealth to help people achieve a good and equal health. To achieve this vision, we argue that initiatives in eHealth need to augment a health promotion perspective. This implies a more preventive approach that transforms the health concept to a continuous participative process over the life course. A stronger emphasis on consumer technologies is needed to understand how interaction with web based and mobile systems may affect health related choices, and how to empower people to pursue a healthy lifestyle. A topic of particular significance is how mobile applications may utilize the theoretical principles for behavior change. In this context, it is relevant to analyze how nudges can be implemented in a mobile context. We propose that more research is needed in this area.

  • 623.
    Zetterlund, Emelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Erlingsson, Victoria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Gemensamma faktorer för lyckade och misslyckade interna IT-projekt: En fallstudie på två internationella verksamheter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is research from several different perspectives that have studied the critical success factors regarding to project work. The problem is that there is not a specific project transact to achieve success in projects. Belassi and Tukel (1996) has developed a theory that can be used to analyze the implementation of projects. The theory needs to evolve over time and change in order to adapt to specific types of projects such as internal IT projects that this study addresses. In this study a case study carried out in two organizations where each one of them consist one internal IT project that is considered successful and one that is considered a failure. Based on Belassi and Tukels (1996) theory Critical success/failure factors into projects, qualitative interviews were conducted in order to determine which success factors that are critical to the success and failure of internal IT projects. Furthermore, the aim is also to see if there are other critical success factors that can develop the theory. The collected empirical data was analyzed by categorization and the results of this study show which the critical success factors is in the internal IT projects. A new model was created and developed with critical success and failure factors that did not exist in the previously mentioned theory but which turned out to have an impact on the project results. The study showed that leadership and communication were key factors in achieving successful projects. It also turned out that not only was the project participants' technical backround important to project success but also other skills of the individuals. In cases where it is not perceived as an evaluation was made most of the informants said that it would have been good if it had been done. Project participants' skills and evaluation of the realization of the project was therefore, together with external suppliers and user support, factors that were chosen to be supplemented in the refined model. The project team commitment are already addressed in Belassi and Tukels (1996) theory, but it is emphasized in the survey that the commitment should be objective.

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    fulltext
  • 624.
    Zhang, Xiang
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Efficiency in Emergency medical service system: An analysis on information flow2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In an information system which includes plenty of information services, we are always seeking a solution to enhance efficiency and reusability. Emergency medical service system is a classic information system using application integration in which the requirement of information flow transmissions is extremely necessary. We should always ensure this system is running in best condition with highest efficiency and reusability since the efficiency in the system directly affects human life.

    The aim of this thesis is to analysis emergency medical system in both qualitative and quantitative ways. Another aim of this thesis is to suggest a method to judge the information flow through the analysis for the system efficiency and the correlations between information flow traffic and system applications.

    The result is that system is a main platform integrated five information services. Each of them provides different unattached functions while they are all based on unified information resources. The system efficiency can be judged by a method called Performance Evaluation, the correlation can be judged by multi-factorial analysis of variance method.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 625.
    Zhyganov, Volodymyr
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Achieving and Maintaining IS/IT Alignment in Organizations2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The alignment between IS/IT and business is one of the ways to achieve a significant competitive advantage for any organization. It is more important nowadays since any organization can buy any technology in the open market, so technologies themselves don’t give a significant competitive advantage.  Although the concept of the alignment has two decades of the history, it still has a lot of controversial issues and knowledge gaps such as uncertain understanding of the essence of the concept, the complexity of practical implementation and not paying attention to the social dimension of the alignment, i.e. the importance of mutual understanding and collaboration of IT and business executives. The current research aims to investigate the concept of alignment and finds out how an organization can achieve and maintain the IS/IT alignment. Also, this study explores the importance of the social dimension in the alignment concept, clarifies the essence of the IS/IT alignment and investigates how some theoretical concepts can really work in practice. There are many evidences in information systems management literature which describe that strategic alignment is necessary for profit organizations but there are very few which mention that strategic alignment is also important in non-profit academic institutions. During our current research we investigate how this concept works in Linnaeus University and how important it is to achieve and maintain an alignment in any university. In order to achieve the goal of the current research, the relevant information systems management literature was reviewed from a new perspective – a resource-based theory and a unified framework was proposed as a base for the further practical investigation.

    This research is based on a qualitative approach. By using a qualitative approach, we won’t miss anything important and can determine the maximum number of respondents' opinions. The primary data was collected by conducting private semi-structured interviews. The respondents are employees of a big nonprofit organization with the implemented business strategy, IT department and several information systems in use – Linnaeus University. The data were presented and analyzed according to the research questions and presented framework. The current study demonstrates the concept more clearly and tries to reassess the structure of IS/IT alignment. This research provides «a fresh look» at the concept of IS/IT alignment.

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    fulltext
  • 626.
    Zimmer, Björn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Guided Interaction and Collaborative Exploration in Heterogeneous Network Visualizations2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The visual exploration of large and complex network structures remains a challenge for many application fields, such as systems biology or social sciences. Often, various domain experts would like to work together to improve the analysis time or the quality of the analysis results. Collaborative visualization tools can facilitate the analysis process in such situations. Moreover, a growing number of real world networks are multivariate and often interconnected with each other. Entities in a network may have relationships with elements of other related data sets, which do not necessarily have to be networks themselves, and these relationships may be defined by attributes that can vary greatly. A challenge is to correctly assign the attributes and relations between different data sets and graphs in order to be able to analyze them visually afterwards. The navigation between the resulting visualizations is also difficult. How can users be guided to other interesting data points relevant to their current view and how can this information be additionally displayed in a graph without losing the overview of the data?

    In this dissertation, we propose our new web-based visualization environment OnGraX, which supports distributed, synchronous and asynchronous collaboration of networks and related multivariate data sets. In addition to standard collaboration features like event tracking or synchronizing, our client/server-based system provides a rich set of visualization and interaction techniques for better navigation and overview of the input network. Changes made by specific analysts or even just visited network elements can be highlighted by heat maps, which enable us to visualize user behavior data without affecting the original graph visualization. We evaluate the usability of the heat map approach against two alternatives in a user experiment.

    Additional features of OnGraX include a comprehensive visual analytics approach that supports researchers to specify and subsequently explore attribute-based relationships across networks, text documents, and derived secondary data. Our approach provides an individual search functionality based on keywords and semantically similar terms over an entire text corpus to find related network nodes. For examining these nodes in the interconnected network views, we introduce a new interaction technique, called Hub2Go, which facilitates the navigation by guiding the user to the information of interest. To showcase these features, we use a large text corpus collected from papers listed in the IEEE VIS publications data set (1990--2015) that consists of 2,752 documents. We analyze relationships between various heterogeneous networks, a Bag-of-Words index, and a word similarity matrix, all derived from the initial corpus and metadata. We also propose a design for the interactive specification of degree-of-interest functions, which can be used to provide and evaluate configurations for guidance based on network attributes and logged user data in heterogeneous networks.

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    Doctoral Thesis (Fulltext)
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    Front Page
  • 627.
    Zimmer, Björn
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Computer Science.
    Kerren, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Computer Science.
    Harnessing WebGL and WebSockets for a Web-Based Collaborative Graph Exploration Tool2015In: Engineering the Web in the Big Data Era: 15th International Conference, ICWE 2015, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, June 23-26, 2015, Proceedings / [ed] Philipp Cimiano, Flavius Frasincar, Geert-Jan Houben, and Daniel Schwabe, Springer, 2015, p. 583-598Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The advancements of web technologies in recent years made it possible to switch from traditional desktop software to online solutions. Today, people naturally use web applications to work together on documents, spreadsheets, or blogs in real time. Also interactive data visualizations are more and more shared in the web. They are thus easily accessible, and it is possible to collaboratively discuss and explore complex data sets. A still open problem in collaborative information visualization is the online exploration of node-link diagrams of graphs (or networks) in fields such as social sciences or systems biology. In this paper, we address challenges related to this research problem and present a client/server-based visualization system for the collaborative exploration of graphs. Our approach uses WebGL to render large graphs in a web application and provides tools to coordinate the analysis process of multiple users in synchronous as well as asynchronous sessions. 

  • 628.
    Zivanovic, Julia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Mirzoyan, Mher
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Betydelsefulla faktorer vid systeminförande: En fallstudie om förändringsfaktorer som påverkar användarmedverkan vid implementering av ett tidrapporteringssystem2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Termen användarmedverkan har funnits och arbetats med sedan 1960 talet.Användarmedverkan innebär att utvecklare och användare arbetar tillsammans för att ta framen så bra programvara som möjligt, där syftet är att man vill förenkla användarnas dagligaarbete (Preece et al, 2002). Denna rapport är en fallstudie som genomförts på ett fallföretaginom bemanningsbranschen, där implementering av ett nytt tidrapporteringssystem skett.Implementeringen upplevs ha lett till ett outtalat motstånd ifrån användarna av systemet.Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur implementeringen utav ett nytttidsrapporteringssystem mottagits av fallföretagets anställda konsulter, genom att belysa huranvändarmedverkan påverkat förändringsarbetet och vilka faktorer som bidragit till attanvändarna ställt sig negativa till förändringen i form av ett motstånd. Med erfarenheterdärifrån presentera förbättringsförslag inför kommande förändringsarbeten. Tidigare forskningvisar likmässiga genomförda studier inom stora organisationer, fast med inriktning på olikaförändringsarbeten och IT-system samt med fokus på högt uppskattade befattningar. Det nämnsäven i tidigare forskning att likmässiga studier bör genomföras för att stärka forskningen omså är möjligt. Det ansågs därför intressant att studera området utifrån ett annat perspektiv, inombemanningsbranschen med fokus på anställda konsulter.Teorier som användes för att uppnå syftet med studien var förändring i organisationer,kommunikationsplan, change management, technological acceptence model ochanvändarbarhet. Teorierna har använts som stöd i rapporten för att förklara och upplysarespektive problem som uppkommit utav implementeringen och påverkat de anställdakonsulternas användarmedverkan.Resultatet visade vara ett missnöje ifrån de anställda konsulternas perspektiv mot det nyasystemet, med många för och nackdelar som rörde hela förändringsarbetet på fallföretaget.Studien bidrog till framtagandet av olika betydelsefulla faktorer inom användarmedverkan sompåverkat implementeringen negativt. När resultatet ställdes mot forskningsfrågan och teorinvisade det sig att de upplevda faktorerna gick i linje med teorin.Genom att utvecklare och användare integrerar vid ett förändringsarbete, kan alla faktorer ochindivider involveras i projektet för att undvika missnöjet. Därmed skulle en implementeringkunna lyckas.

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  • 629.
    Zubair, Ghaith
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    El-Thalji, Idriss
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    A model for analysis and design of an integrated operations management system using systems engineering approach: A case study2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Generally, operation management includes a set of complicated systems interfacing each other. Most important systems which impact and impacted by the operations management system are production management system and maintenance management system. But to treat the interfacing losses has been difficult as interact and partially overlap each other. In this study, case-operational system was treated with developed model that analysis and design integrated operational system in order to make it easier and cost effective to manage.

    Methods: A model was developed based on latest literature survey work using systems paradigm methodology and systems engineering approach.

    Results: Among five analysis techniques, four types of interfacing losses were identified, seven requirements were extracted, nine conceptual solutions were generated, one of them was selected and based on it the integrated operational management system were designed.

    Conclusions: The results suggest that the operational system in case-company shall be integrated by organization management, process management, and control management, in addition to data management.

  • 630.
    Åkerblom, Pontus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Nilsson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Knowledge Management Systems Issues Within Organizations2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to locate if there are some common problems connected to knowledge management systems (KMSs) within organizations. This thesis begins with an introduction to knowledge management (KM) and knowledge management systems, followed by a presentation of previous research in the field of KM problematics. To find these possible issues that may prevent an effective use of KMSs within organizations, we will study contemporary literature and perform some complementary interviews. The questions formulated are addressed to participants from the organization Tieto, at their office in Lund. The questions are kept to a restricted number to gather replies that collect the main answers of relevance. The results from the literature review are then compared to the interviews. The main conclusion of this study is that the organizational culture may affect the possible occurrence of KMSs that suffer from usability problems, which causes the knowledge sharing to be inadequate. Finally; a picture of the problem areas concerning KMSs within organizations arise and some resolutions along with recommendations are presented.

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  • 631.
    Östlund, Martin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Axelsson, Clara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Johansson, Pauline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Johnsson, Stefan
    Lagerlund, Magnus
    Widell, Ingela
    Wilde Björling, Camilla
    Using computer tablets to empower breast cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy treatment2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundEfficient information dispersal and effective communication are key issues in increasing quality of care for patients undergoing radiation therapy. Radiation therapy consists of daily treatment sessions every weekday for 4-6 weeks. Although this means that patients are in daily contact with nursing staff, there is little time at these quick in-and-out sessions to address any substantive issues beyond the mechanics of the actual treatment procedure. Our aim is to explore the potential usefulness of computer tablets as an enabling device for making patient-staff information interchange more accessible and efficient. We are especially interested in investigating the empowerment effects that we believe will follow when making it easier for patients to influence the course of their treatment.

    MethodsFrom april to june 2012 all breast cancer patients scheduled for adjuvant radiation therapy treatment at the county hospital in Kalmar (Sweden) will be offered the opportunity to borrow a tablet computer during the course of their treatment. The tablet offers secure access to a web site containing illness-, treatment- and clinic-specific information, including a number of videos demonstrating the treatment procedure; a secure discussion forum in which patients can ask questions to staff; and a set of automatically processed surveys that provide staff with instant feedback from patients. Post-treatment interviews will be conducted with participating patients as well as with the staff on their respective experience of using the tablets. Patients will also fill out a survey and user logs from the web site will be analyzed to determine usage patterns.

    ResultsAt the time of writing we have started off the first couple of patients. Initial reactions are positive from both patients and staff. At the the time of the conference we will have evaluated the first set of patients and be able to present the results of this. We expect to see patients that are more confident and less anxious by being better prepared for their treatment both factually and emotionally. For the medical staff, we expect to see that the instant feedback provided by patients, via the questions they ask and the survey answers they submit, will allow staff to react more swiftly and more accurately to meet the patients’ needs and wants, and in so doing provide both better medical care and better emotional support.

    ConclusionsComputer tablets offer an efficient and accessible way for patients to inform themselves and to communicate with staff. The instant feedback from patients provides staff with the input they need to provide the best possible care, both medically and in providing emotional support. The sense of control, and actual control, over the course of their treatment that this will bring to patients, we believe will lead to a sense of empowerment that will help them better deal with the emotionally taxing experience it is to undergo treatment for a life-threatening condition.

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