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  • 651.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Heinrich Rickert och vetenskapsläran2013In: Kulturvetenskap och naturvetenskap / [ed] Heinrich Rickert / Ola Agevall, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2013, p. 7-32Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 652.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Historieämnets legitimitet: Några preliminära frågor2001In: Humanetten, ISSN 1403-2279, no 9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 653.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Importance as Impetus or Impediment?: The Case of 19th Century Chartered Surveyors2010In: Svenska nätverkets för professionsforskning konferens: Den reglera(n)de professionen - professioner och politik, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Importance as impetus or impediment? The case of 19th century chartered surveyors.

    Definitions and theories professions and professionalization have long been tailored on a set of professions established in England during the 19th century. Chartered surveyors belong in that group, but have not received the attention afforded to other members of the core set – notably medicine, law, theology, and engineering. This paper argues, however, that chartered surveyors present an interesting deviant case in the history of professionalization, on account of their peculiar links to state and market. The argument proceeds in two steps. In a first section, we show how chartered surveyors have entered the profession literature, and how their early emergence is explained in these accounts. Next we focus on a hitherto neglected aspect of that emergence: the peculiar importance of a subset of those tasks that were within chartered surveyors’ jurisdictional turf. We show that chartered surveyors were endowed with the task of determining house values, and how this linked the professional group to the state both (a) via taxation and the control of the local government tax-base and (b) via the electoral system in the period from 1867 to 1918.

  • 654.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Kompendium i komparativ metodik2016Report (Other academic)
  • 655.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Land, Law and Money: Profession, state, and knowledge-base in the case of 19th century surveyors2011In: 10th conference of the European Sociological Association, 7th to 10th september 2011, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Definitions and theories professions and professionalization have long been tailored on a set of professions established in England during the 19th century. Chartered surveyors belong in that group, but have not received the attention afforded to other members of the core set. This paper, conceived as a contribution to a theory of the relation between state, knowledge and profession, draws on the historical case of 19th century British surveyors. It analyses the interface between state and profession, in an age when it became increasingly important to “reconcile the principle that the domain of the political must be restricted, with the recognition of the vital political implications of formally private activities.” Surveyors were claimants to a configuration of tasks – centred on the nexus of land, law and money – which made them an important auxiliary to the state apparatus and its technologies. This paper traces, through comparison of British surveyors over time and through juxtaposition with Swedish surveyors, how these tasks, and a corresponding knowledge-base, were shaped by the inclusion of new subspecialties and a complex legal environment.

  • 656.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Livet i den flytande moderniteten2003In: Axess, ISSN 1651-0941, Vol. 2, no 7, p. 42-43Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 657.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Lyktgubben i staten: lantmätarna, professionssociologin och tillitens villkor2017In: På väg: En vänbok till Sven E Olsson Hort / [ed] Paavo Bergman & Gunnar Olofsson, Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2017, p. 279-288Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 658.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Max Weber2010In: Encyclopedia of political theory / [ed] Mark Bevir, London: Sage Publications, 2010, p. 1413-1419Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 659.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Max Webers Freiburger Antrittsrede: Om migrationsprocesser, social urbäddning och social förändring2001In: Sociologisk Forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 38, no 3-4, p. 148-177Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 660.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Mobbning, interaktion och meningsproduktion: Lokala kulturer, individuella trakasserier och kategoriell uteslutning2007In: Social interaktion: Förutsättningar och former, LIber; Malmö , 2007, p. 164-188Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mobbning som företeelse har en obestämd men med all sannolikhet mycket lång historia. Som begrepp har det däremot en betydligt kortare livstid, och under sitt livslopp har det genomgått viktiga betydelseskridningar. Det vi idag menar med mobbning är inte detsamma som avsågs med begreppet när det först blev en offentlig angelägenhet i slutet av 1960-talet. Den första delen av denna uppsats skildrar den meningsproduktion som, via interaktioner mellan vardagsspråk och vetenskap, har format och omformat mobbningsbegreppet. Historiken är ett preludium till ett teoretiskt bidrag, vars syfte är att ge en ny ingång till studiet av mobbning som företeelse. Mobbningsdiskursens historia har, direkt och indirekt, präglat forskningen på området – forskningens huvudfåra är kvantitativ och individualpsykologisk, med fokus på stabila personlighetskarakteristika hos offer och förövare. Men vid sidan av allfartsvägen har det också vuxit fram alternativ. Ett sådant är Björn Erikssons analyser av mobbning. Det teoretiska resonemang som utmejslas i denna uppsats tar sin utgångspunkt i de mekanismer som Eriksson identifierar. Interaktion och meningsproduktion återkommer här som huvudrollsinnehavare, men nu i en helt annan mening än den som avsågs i beskrivningen av mobbningsdiskursens historia. Nu gäller analysen social interaktion och meningsproduktion inom ramen för begynnande och fullt utvecklade mobbningsrelationer – två faktorer som fått underordnad betydelse i den dominerande forskningstraditionen på området. Arbetet med att vidareutveckla Erikssons teori tar som sin stödjepunkt en sekundäranalys av två hittills orelaterade forskningslitteraturer, barnetnografier och kvantitativa studier av öknamn. Resultatet är ett teoretiskt ramverk som bland annat förmår göra reda för relationen mellan individualiserande mobbning och kategoriellt bundna trakasseriformer som rasism och homofobi.

  • 661.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Om begreppskarriärer: En fallstudie av stereotypiernas väg genom de psykiatriska diagnoserna2009In: Arkiv för studier i arbetarrörelsens historia, ISSN 0436-8919, no 98-99, p. 173-202Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 662.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Om begreppskarriärer: en fallstudie av stereotypiernas väg genom de psykiatriska diagnoserna2009In: Mellan hantverk och profession: Samhällsvetenskap på klassisk grund / [ed] Eva Fasth, Sven Hort & Svante Lundberg, Växjö: Växjö University Press , 2009, p. 173-202Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 663.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Osund kärlek till fel klassiker2004In: Axess: årgång 3, nr.5: 49-51, ISSN 1651-0941, Vol. 3, no 5, p. 49-51Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 664.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Osäkerhet, fara, stereotyp: En essä om Lundbergs Ryssligan2012In: Den bildade resenären / [ed] Gunnar Olofsson & Anna-Maria Sarstrand Marekovic, Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2012, p. 43-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 665.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Profesjoner i akademia og akademia i profesjoner2012In: SPS-Kronikk, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 666.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Recension: Bo Lindberg (red.): Trygghet och äventyr: om begreppshistoria2007In: Lychnos: årsbok för idé- och lärdomshistoria, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 376-77Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 667.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Schumpeter's invitation: Sociology and the entrepreneur of economic theory2010In: From Linnaeus to the future: Letters from afar / [ed] Sven E O Hort, Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2010, p. 13-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 668.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Science, Values, and the Empirical Argument in Max Weber's Inaugural Address2004In: Max Weber Studies, ISSN 1470-8078, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 157-177Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 669.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Social Closure: On Metaphors, Professions and a Boa Constrictor2017In: Professions and Metaphors: Understanding professions in society / [ed] Andreas Liljegren & Mike Saks, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 63-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 670.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    The career of mobbing: emergence, transformation, and utilisation of a new concept2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Concepts play a part in any scientific endeavour. They simultaneously serve as receptacles for previously attained knowledge, as vehicles of scientific and didactic communication, and as building blocks in the construction of new descriptive and explanatory schemes. In this sense, concepts are central to the cognitive organisation of scientific disciplines. But disciplines also differ from one another, and not just in terms of the stock of concepts deemed necessary for internal scientific communication but also, for example, in terms of the logic of conceptual change, the relative influx of connotations, and the degree of universal adherence to specific definitions.

    One crucial characteristic of the social sciences is that they share part of their vocabulary with the lay people they study. In some cases, social scientific terminology has trickled into everyday speech; in other cases the social sciences have proceeded by refining and redefining locutions found in natural languages. The aim of this book is to study empirically, by means of a detailed case study, the mechanisms that shape concept formation in the social sciences. It focuses on the history of the concept of ‘mobbing’, with special reference to the interaction between science and lay conceptions. This condensed conceptual history shows that the public discourse, that was instrumental in the diffusion and entrenchment of the notion of mobbing in the early 1970s, significantly shaped the career, contents, and uses of the corresponding scientific concept.

  • 671.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    The demands of demand: The professional fate of Swedish music education in the postwar era2010In: XVII ISA World Congress of Sociology: Sociology on the move - La sociologie en mouvement - La sociologia en marcha, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    If monopoly of recognized skill is anything to go by, then, prima facie,

    musicians & music teachers are in a poor position to claim professional

    status. But while laymen cannot be effectively excluded from music making

    they can be barred from entering certain positions, occupations, &

    organizations. Swedish music education is an example of a successful

    monopolization, which later became precarious: the Swedish Royal Academy

    of Music provided the only educational route to the title of director

    musices, which in turn was a requisite for admission to a number of positions

    and occupations. After WWII, a sharply increasing demand for music

    education created a need for the mass production of music teachers, unsettling

    the topology of tasks in the field. The aim of this paper is to examine

    the historical case of Swedish music education, and to theoretically

    explore the demands raised by a sudden rise in demand upon a precarious

    monopoly of recognized skill.

  • 672.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Thinking about configurations: Max Weber and modern social science2005In: Etica e politica: Max Weber: che cosa è vivo oggi del suo pensiero e della sua opera?, ISSN 1825-5167, Vol. 7, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article addresses Max Weber’s relevance for modern social science. The first part is a quantitative assessment of Weber’s fate in mainstream sociology; the second part presents an argument that Weber’s work contains elements of combinatorial thinking which makes it suitable for analysis in terms of the methodological apparatus developed by Charles Ragin. On the one hand, it is shown that Ragin’s notation and concepts are useful in bringing out some important features in Weber’s methodology and substantive writings. On the other hand, it is suggested that Weber’s use of configurations extend into areas that have received little attention in mainstream sociology.

  • 673.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Varför homo economicus inte är girig2001In: Vår tids ekonomism: En kritik av nationalekonomin, Boréa, Umeå , 2001, p. 57-80Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 674.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Weber, kausaliteten och oändligheten1994In: Sociologisk Forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 57-75Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 675.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    You are what you eat: On social closure, boa constrictors, and professional change2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Metaphors are quintessentially novelty items, and as such do not age gracefully. Once productive tensions between vehicle and tenor sooner or later become stale from habituation; all natural languages contain entire petrified forests of once vivid metaphors and analogies which have receded into pseudo-literalness.  To this class belongs a concept that has long been at the core of the sociology of professions: the spatial analogy “social closure”, geschloßene Beziehungen in Max Weber’s original, has been exploited to highlight important features of inter-professional relations, upon which influential theories have been built. The success of these theoretical approaches has been accompanied by a reluctance to revisit the underlying analogy.

    This essay argues the case for reconsidering the spatial analogy underlying the concept of social closure, and it does so along two lines. First, it is shown that only a portion of Weber’s elaboration of social closure was received in the sociology of professions, that attention to the original analogy is needed to rescue the remaining parts, and that these have potential value for profession research. Second, it embarks upon novel metaphorical work on the basis of Weber’s analogy, in order to capture the peculiar dynamics of professions that are defined by employment in a single institution or type of organization. Drawing on the analysis of Swedish university teachers, which approximate this pure type, we arrive at a more generally applicable model of this class of professions. 

  • 676.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Brändström, Sture
    Lindberg, Boel
    Thorgersen, Ketil
    Hagströms musikskola bidrog till det svenska musikundret2013In: Resultatdialog 2013 / [ed] Vetenskapsrådet, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2013, p. 9-17Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 677.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Den administrativa personalen vid svenska universitet och högskolor: En studie av dess förändring mellan år 2001 och 20162018In: Sociologidagarna 2018: Sociologi i en polariserad värld, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Transformationen av en professions organisatoriska omgivning: universitetsadministrationens förändring efter 1990-talet.

     Det finns bland universitetslärare en utbredd föreställning om att administrationen och antalet administratörer har vuxit kraftigt i omfång. Men antalet administratörer vid universiteten har i själva verket hållit jämn takt med tillväxten av den akademiska lärarkåren. Det som däremot har hänt är en inre omstrukturering av kåren: utbildningsnivån har stigit, och vissa typer av tjänster har ökat kraftigt (ekonomer, controllers) medan andra har minskat. Speglar dessa förändringar en förskjutning av den administrativa personalens uppgifter, från att vara stöd och service till institutioner, lärare m.m., till att i högre utsträckning vara ett medel för ledningens ambition att styra och kontrollera verksamheten? 

    Tillväxten av mer kvalificerad expertis inom universitetsadministrationen kan emellertid tolkas på flera sätt. Vi vill i denna text även pröva tesen att den kan förstås utifrån den ökande osäkerhet som universitets- och högskoleledningar möter, i form av många och skiftande krav från intressenter, samt den osäkerhet som New Public Managements olika styrinstrument ger upphov till.

     

  • 678.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Den högre utbildningens professionella fält2019In: Det professionella landskapets framväxt / [ed] Brante, Thomas; Svensson, Kerstin & Svensson Lennart G., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 1, p. 55-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Från början utbildade universiteten kyrkans prästerskap och från 1600-taletäven statens ämbetsmän. Den högre utbildningens fält etablerades under1800-talet. Då skapades en rad institut vars uppgift var att utbilda det framväxandeindustrisamhällets expertis i teknik, farmaci, ekonomi m.m. Institutensyrkesinriktade utbildningar byggde på den tidens vetenskaper. När institutenoch universitet närmade sig varandra blev vetenskaplig forskning efter handen ny tjänsteuppgift för universitetens professorer. Under 1900-talet blevutbildningen av välfärdsstatens professioner systemets nya och fjärde uppgift.Den högre utbildningens fält fick genom 1977 års högskolereform sin aktuellastruktur, där vetenskaplig forskning är universitetens dominerande värde ochutbildningen av professionerna deras centrala inslag, samtidigt som alla professionsutbildningarförankras vetenskapligt. I denna situation blir universitetetslärare och forskare alla andra professioners moder.

  • 679.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Exploring tensions between academic and vocational elements in the education of professions2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 680.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    On social closure and professional expansion2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One standard assumption in the theory of professions involves the notion of a specific occupational group trying to and partly succeeding in controlling the supply of services in a specific segment of society. Each and every profession is then seen as implicitly or explicitly trying to avoid or control the competitive market model. This is the core of the neo-weberian cynical theory of professions, underscoring social closure and monopolies as prime vehicles of professionalization. Another theoretical strand argues the importance of expansion for the entrenchment and success of professions. This paper explores the relation between professional expansion and social closure, focussing on those mechanisms which are concomitant with expansion and arise as a reaction within the jurisdictional fields of rapidly expanding professions.

  • 681.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Professions in Incentive Society: The Legacy of the 1990s in the Swedish Academic profession2015In: Differences, Inequalities and socilogical imagination: ESA 2015, 12th Conference of the European sociological Association, Abstract Book, Prague: Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences , 2015, p. 949-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The early 1990s are marked by two types of important events on a global scale. First, these were years of economic recession, accompanied by rising unemployment, the widespread ascendance of new forms and techniques of governance, and politically enforced restrictions on public spending.  Second, the early 1990s made knowledge society a common trope, and the global university enrolment ratio rose steeply. The two changes are interlinked –expansion of higher education bolstered youth unemployment, a knowledge economy was held up as a model for western societies – and both impact the system of professions.

    This paper examines how the combination of recession and university expansion was accommodated in one specific locale in the system of professions, the case of Swedish university teachers. The academic profession was subjected to the same changes in the forms and techniques of governance as other Swedish professions. But whereas most professions encountered novel forms of steering under conditions of scarcity, the higher education sector was reformed during a period of abundance. Two resource-shocks hit the system. One derived from an increased flow of research funding, the other from the rapidly increasing number of students. We argue that this mode of introduction (1) postponed the perception of adverse effects on the profession, (2) aligned with, accentuated and altered the structure of an internally differentiated but formally unified university system, (3) created specific groups of beneficiaries at different poles of the system – and that, thereby, (4) an incentive-based institutional framework was worked into the tissue of the professional body.

  • 682.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Rapidly Growing Professions and Social Closure: Conditions, Consequences and Counter-Movements2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Students of the history of professions are likely to observe in their profession(s) of choice one or more major quantitative leaps when the number of practitioners set off in an exponential pattern. The growth of the welfare state after WWII, for instance, gave rise to such patterns both in the established professions and in the then burgeoning semi-professions. Growth rates with similar time-shapes occur in other historical contexts, driven by state commitment, market expansion, or other forces.

     

    In this paper we explore the relation between professional expansion and social closure. We focus on those mechanisms which are concomitant with expansion and arise as a reaction within the jurisdictional fields of rapidly expanding professions. But expansion does not only strengthen the position of such professions – it also lead to changes in task structures, in aspirations for more highly valued tasks, and encourages new divisions of labour among occupational categories in the fields, including the new “kids on the block” .

     

    We will analyse the effects of professional “take-offs” after WW2 as a key example, although the main focus of the paper is theoretical.

  • 683.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Tensions between academic and vocational demands2014In: From Vocational to Professional Education: Educating for Social Welfare / [ed] Jens-Christian Smeby, Molly Sutphen, London and New York: Routledge, 2014, p. 26-49Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most important routes to employment within the social welfare sector worldwide is higher education, which equips students not only with the knowledge for employment, but with the tools to use and build on this knowledge. During the last few decades there has been an academic drift in professional education, especially for many shorter professional programmes. Many of these shorter programmes have left the realm of vocational education to enter higher education. On the one hand, graduates are confronted by an increased demand for research and evidence-based knowledge, and on the other, they are criticised for lacking the knowledge and skills relevant for professional work.

    From Vocational to Professional Education presents new research into programmes suggesting how best to prepare students for professional work and addresses the challenges facing the education of professionals for social welfare. The book identifies and clarifies key problems, as well as outlining the political and historical context in which they are embedded. Chapters discuss theoretical and analytical ways to address these challenges and suggest recommendations for the further development of education for professional practice.

    Based on comprehensive longitudinal research data, the book will appeal to policy makers, leaders of higher education, and teachers and researchers involved in programmes qualifying students for professional work.

  • 684.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The Emergence of the Professional Field of Higher Education in Sweden2013In: Professions & Professionalism, ISSN 1893-1049, E-ISSN 1893-1049, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The changing structure of the Swedish university system has shaped its corps of university teachers. The analytical device used to demonstrate this connection is the changing social functions of Swedish universities which serve as the lens through which we understand this change. We argue for five successive and historically added layers of functions: the training of church officials, state functionaries, experts of the industrial society, the welfare professions, and, finally, the mass of employees of the “knowledge society.” Each new function is superimposed on the existing ones, adding to the complexity of tasks, areas of knowledge, and teacher categories in the universities. The position of the university as the arbiter of the highest form of knowledge, the internal differentiation of the field of higher education, and the growth and stratification of its teaching corps are three main building blocks for this history of the Swedish system of higher education.

  • 685.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    The professional field of higher education: A longue durée view of institution and corps in the Swedish university system2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The modern field of higher education, and within it the corps of university teachers, takes on a dual significance in the context of the broader professional landscape. On the one hand it constitutes a professional field in its own right. On the other hand, the university is the institution through which the other professions are reproduced. It is with this latter aspect in mind that Harold Perkin characterised the university teacher as a key profession (Perkin, 1969).

    This paper sets out to map the relation between social function, institution, corps, and cognitive base in the Swedish system of higher education, from the beginnings in 1477 until the present day. We assume (a) that these aspects evolve in different tempi, and (b) that they coalesce into particular configurations. We argue that this framework allows us to address central issues regarding the historical trajectory of higher education inSweden. Through which mechanisms did a medieval institution, catering primarily to ecclesiastical needs, acquire a capacity to accommodate and become the custodian of scientific knowledge? How has the increasing differentiation of the cognitive base affected the composition of the corps? How have shifts in the composition of the corps affected the internal workings of the university? And what role does this play in the formation of university teaching as a key profession?

  • 686.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Universitetslärarna och den högre utbildningen2019In: Ett professionellt landskap i förvandling / [ed] Brante, Thomas, Kerstin Svensson och Lennart G. Svensson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, p. 91-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Från och med högskolereformen 1977 infogades ett antal akademiska yrkesutbildningari ett samlat universitets- och högskolesystem. Det gällde grundochförskollärare, sjuksköterskor, kortare tekniska utbildningar m.fl. somtidigare funnits vid särskilda enheter. Därmed fixerades grunddragen i dagensuniversitets- och högskolesystem. Detta kapitel skildrar hur universitetslärarkårensexpansion, sammansättning och inre skiktning formades på det professionellafält som etablerades inom detta sammanhållna och hierarkiskt ordnadeuniversitetssystem.

  • 687.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Universitetslärarprofessionen och det högre utbildningsfältets förändring 1980-20152018In: Sociologidagarna 2018: Sociologi i en polariserad värld, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta papper undersöker vi vilka konsekvenser de förändringar, som universitet- och högskolesystemet har genomgått under de senaste decennierna, har haft för universitetslärargruppen som kår. För det första har det efter 1977 års infogning av en lång rad nya enheter i högskolesystemet tillförts nya undervisningsenheter, nya studentgrupper och nya lärargrupper.  För det andra förändrades sättet att finansiera och styra universiteteten under 1990-talets första år, som till en början innebar en kraftigt ökad volym men som på sikt omstöptes i en allt striktare reglering. För det tredje ändrades mot 1990-talets slut karriärstrukturen: dels blev doktoranderna i allt högre utsträckning anställda vid universiteten (doktorandtjänster), dels öppnades möjligheten att inom sin tjänst befordras till professor.

    Vad har det inneburit för universitetslärarkåren och dess inre skiktning att universitetssystemet på detta sätt utrustades med nya slags enheter, nya styr-och finansieringsregimer, och nya tjänstekategorier? Vilken typ av konflikter kan vi förvänta oss att detta mångskiftande skiktnings- och motsättningsmönster ger upphov till?

  • 688.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Platzer, Ellinor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Sjöstrand, Glenn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Between science and occupation: Knowledge, academization, and the route from university to labour market2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 689.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Swedberg, Richard
    The Max Weber Dictionary: Key Words and Central Concepts2005Book (Refereed)
  • 690. Agewall, Stefan
    et al.
    Rydén, Lars
    Perk, Joep
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rosengren, Annika
    Boman, Kurt
    Hellénius, Mai-Lis
    Ros, Inger
    Efterlyses: politik mot hjärtinfarkt2013In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 110, no 13-14, p. 664-664Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Medicinen kommer inte så mycket längre när det gäller att minska dödligheten i hjärt–kärlsjukdomar. Framtidens utmaning ligger i att förhindra att människor alls insjuknar i hjärtinfarkt. Författarna efterlyser politiska åtgärder som gör de hälsosamma valen billiga och attraktiva.

  • 691. Agger, Ralf
    et al.
    Anderssen, Vagn
    Leslie, Graham
    Aastedt, Bent
    Gustafsson, Katarina
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Immunologi. Svensk översättning från danska2006Book (Other academic)
  • 692.
    Aggerstam, Elina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Lehman, Karolina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Materialvalets miljöpåverkan på transporten: En jämförelsestudie mellan transporter till flerfamiljshus i trä och betong.2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under året 2015 bedömde 240 av Sveriges 290 kommuner att det existerade ett underslott på bostäder. För att kunna möta behovet krävs det att många bostäder ska byggas på en kort tid. Med de klimathot som världen står inför krävs det att produktionen är uthållig och hållbar i längden. För att nå klimatmålen måste användandet av tunga fordon minskas, logistiken måste effektiviseras och alternativa transportmedel bör undersökas.

    Syftet med studien var att identifiera eventuella skillnader mellan byggnadsmaterialen trä och betong i transportledet. Med den insamalade datan togs olika relations- och nyckeltal fram som sedan utgjorde basen för de två formlerna som presenteras i studien.

    Resultatet av de olika relationstalen indikerar på att den lastade vikten inte har stor betydelse på hur mycket CO2 som släpps ut, utan att det är antalet transporter med tung lastbil som är grundproblemet till utsläppen och miljöpåverkan. Med formlerna som presenteras i studien kan antalet transporter som krävs till ett flerfamiljshus räknas ut, men även mängden CO2 som släpps ut vid fraktandet av planelementen.

  • 693.
    Aggerstam, Ida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Johansson, Josefin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Styrning i all ära: En studie om strategi och ekonomistyrning i snabbväxande tjänsteföretag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bachelor thesis (2FE24E), Civilekonomprogrammet, controller

    Title:​ Control in all respects - ​A study of strategy and management control in fast-growing service companies

    Authors:​ Ida Aggerstam & Josefin Johansson

    Examiner:​ Elin Funck

    Supervisor:​ Lise-Lotte Kans

    Institution:​ School of Business and Economics at Linnaeus University in Växjö

    Background and problem:​ Fast-growing companies account for a large part of the overall growth in the economy and are of major importance for the country's economy. As growth increases in companies, a more formalized management control is required. Some companies have a pronounced strategy while others' strategies are reflected in the organization's actions. Some researchers argue that fast-growing companies should use formal management control while other researchers argue that they should use informal management control.

    Purpose: ​The purpose of the study is to gain a deeper understanding of strategy and management control in fast-growing service companies. The essay contributes to highlight similarities and differences in fast-growing companies strategy and management control. Focus in management control is on formal- and informal management control.

    Method:​ A qualitative comparative multivariate study with semi-structured interviews forms the basis for empirical material. In the study, three companies have been interviewed that meet criteria for being fast-growing service companies.

    Conclusion: ​A fast-growing service company's strategy may be pronounced and designed by management along with employees or may be reflected by the organization's actions. The formal management of fast-growing service companies is important for the organization's structure, division of responsibilities, planning and control while their informal management is important for employee motivation, satisfaction with duties and the organization's personal leadership style.

  • 694.
    Aggerstam, Madeleine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    För kunskap och kultur: En studie om folkbibliotekariers inköpsstrategier av utländsk litteratur2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis’ purpose is to investigate how purchase librarians work with foreign language collection management. Since about 15% of the citizens of Sweden are born abroad or have a foreign background, the subject of investigation becomes relevant because it touches a wide user group of the public library.

    Interviews were conducted with four librarians responsible for purchasing of foreign literature. The purpose of these interviews was to investigate which underlying strategies and thoughts are used as a basis for purchasing.

    Since the library act does not include guidelines regarding the content of the foreign literature collection, how is the literature chosen and to what purpose?

    As a theoretical framework a self-developed model was used to categorize the foreign literature into its different functions. The foreign literature was divided into two main categories; entertainment reading and literature with an informative purpose.

    To display the librarians room for interpretation factor in the purchasing of literature a theory from sociology studies was applied, the theory of room for maneuver.

    The findings in this paper have revealed that literature with the purpose to entertain was prioritized in the purchasing. Even though the libraries included multicultural activities in their organization, by prioritizing the entertainment literature the library tended to deprioritize the potential integration purpose of the literature.

    The paper also revealed that the individual responsible for the purchasing was left with a large room for interpretation, which meant that one individual had the responsibility to ensure that the literature was relevant and versatile enough for the user group.

  • 695.
    Aggerstam, Madeleine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Jordens poesi: Biophilia-hypotesen som ekokritisk läsning av Wordsworth, Coleridge och Keats2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 696.
    Aggoud, Rachida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Bourgeois, Eglantine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    The Mismanagement of Mergers and Acquisitions2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s business world, it appears to be impossible for companies to survive without expanding through deals that result in mergers and acquisitions. Mergers and acquisitions represent a favourable medium of growth. However, studies indicate a high rate of failure in these operations. Evidently, there are areas that are mismanaged during the course of a merger or acquisition.

     

    If organizations make a decision to go through a merger or acquisition, it is vital that they devote significant attention and resources to understand and deal with opportunities and challenges presented during its processes. Through our research we have come to identify four important aspects as integral to a successful merger and acquisition. These components: culture, synergies, leadership and politics, each independently and together when mismanaged become the source of a merger or acquisition failing.  If we are to envision the newly formed organization post a merger or acquisition as the structure, we see these four components as the pillars of this structure.  The strength or weakness of these pillars will determine the future of the newly formed organization.  At the other end of the spectrum, the very core aspects that result in success, we believe when mismanaged can spell catastrophe for the organization. However, lessons in mismanagement in these very four strategic areas can be the game changer that could possibly turn a merger and acquisition failure into success. It is only through an analytical study of the mismanagement pertinent in these four individual areas that we arrive at answers so that we may change this dominant trend of failure in mergers and acquisitions.

  • 697.
    Aghababa, Somayeh
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Extremal dependency:The GARCH(1,1) model and an Agent based model2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on stochastic processes and some of their properties are investigated which are necessary to determine the tools, the extremal index and the extremogram. Both mathematical tools measure extremal dependency within random time series. Two different models are introduced and related properties are discussed. The probability function of the Agent based model is surveyed explicitly and strong stationarity is proven. Data sets for both processes are simulated and clustering of the data is investigated with two different methods. Finally an estimation of the extremogram is used to interpret dependency of extremes within the data.

  • 698.
    Aghaee, Saeed
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Random Stream Cipher2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stream ciphers are counted as an important part of symmetric encryption method. Their basic idea comes from One-Time-Pad cipher using XOR operator on the plain text and the key to generate the cipher. The present work brings a new idea in symmetric encryption method, which inherits stream key generation idea from synchronous stream cipher and uses division instead of xoring. The Usage of division to combine the plain text with stream key gives numerous abilities to this method that the most important one is using random factors to produce the ciphers.

  • 699.
    Agiorgitis, Georgios
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    ICTs use in the public Greek Primary Schools: the teachers' experiences2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Education is a sector that has the potential to become a critical area of action for the full exploitation of ICT. Educational systems of developed and developing countries have an ever-increasing tendency to apply ICT to education, in an attempt to prepare their students for the future's society. This thesis attempted to explore what kind of ICT is used in the Greek Primary Schools and develop an understanding on the relationship between the ICT and the teachers. The philosophical background is post-phenomenology and the methods chosen for collecting data for this research are policy document analysis and interviews. The empirical findings show that various ICT are being used in the classrooms of the Greek Primary Schools,  others widely and others occasionally. The research compares the legal framework revolving around ICT in Primary Schools in Greece, with the teachers' own experiences and shows that the guidelines suggested by the Greek Ministry of Education cannot be followed easily, due to economical and pedagogical reasons. It also investigates the ICT's effects on the teachers and the students through the teachers' own words and perceptions. The effects are mostly positive, there are mentioned however, some negative ones to take into consideration. Finally, the research presents a number of sectors where the participant teachers suggested there is room for improvement. By comparing the legal framework with the situation in the Primary Schools, this research adds a new perspective to the previous literature. The findings show that the current situation can be improved and the teachers' statements may trigger further research.

  • 700.
    Agiorgitis, Georgios
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Bennani, Mohamed
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Drakoularakos, Mixalis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    McConnon, Paul John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Digital Wall: The University’s learning and information space2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A North American university is engaged in a large transformation project involving the wholeorganisation. Students, Lecturers, departments and additional questions from the shared leadership team are engaging in defining the services offered, in particular from the university library and its associated sub-services. It is an exciting time for the University as it seeks to not only define its services but also how these can be created and consumed.There are many aspects to this re-organisation and many items to be addressed. In this report,we look at the current situation at the University, as well as taking into account the aspirations of the stakeholders. We start by drawing out a Rich Picture, part of Soft System Methodology (SSM) (Checkland, 1981) which we use in order to spot opportunities that are available for further exploration. Much of the information that we use comes from material supplied by the University itself as well as interviews with the Head of Library services and Head of Library IT. We look indepth at how SSM assists in this process of evaluation through its focus on participation and how it may assist us to understand the many different perspectives collected in our research. SSM consequently assists in defining problems with solutions to any areas that have drawn our attention. Following the evaluation of collected data, discussions and our own observations, we identify that a digital wall that is being proposed for the redesigned library presents an opportunity to explore possibilities for exploitation of this technology. Further research on other digital walls such as Brisbane’s Cube (Abdi et al, 2014), and Auraria Library’s Discovery Wall(Burch, 2016) shows some of the uses that these walls have been put to and how the Institutions use them. We then use a number of models to evaluate the data that we collected on digital walls and from the North American University and analyse it in order to inform our thinking. These models can be used independently or collectively to evaluate data from different perspectives. As such we were able to look at problems and solutions from the perspective of many of the actors involved in shaping the future library services. These models and results are discussed in the report. Finally, we take our results and make a number of proposals for the North American University digital wall along with the relevant justifications at the end of this report.

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