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  • 751.
    Urzua, Gabriela Alexandra
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Are the Chilean immigrants integrated into the Swedish society?: A study of integration processes among Chilean immigrants in Sweden.2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is well known for receiving both immigrants and refugees.  People of Chilean heritage, make up the biggest Latin American group in Sweden with approximate 50 000 residents in Sweden being born in Chile or having at least one parent born in Sweden.  Slightly over half of these migrated from Chile. This study will therefore focus on the Chilean integration into a small society, which in this case is Växjö municipality.

     

    This study investigates the extent to immigrants are integrated into Swedish society, and seek to understand the problems and obstacles the Chilean immigrants faces regarding social integration. It is a qualitative field study and using semi-structured interviews to understand and analyze the Chilean immigrants’ integration in Växjö on a micro level. There were ten interviews, with five female and five male participants. The interviews were analyzed by using the social integration theory.

                                                        

    The findings are complex and demonstrate that most of the participants feel part of Swedish society and that most of them see themselves as integrated into the Swedish society. However, the majority of the participants speak very poor Swedish, and do not socialize with Swedish individuals very much. The findings thus contrast the theoretical idea of integration used as an analytical lens, which almost all participants in this study fails to achieve, with their own worldview that they have integrated into Sweden

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  • 752.
    Van Aken, Paula
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Mapping patterns of meaning: reparation for victims of mass violence in intra-state peace agreements2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In the aftermath of armed conflict, peace and justice are no longer perceived as contradictory. Scholars and practitioners alike have increasingly argued that societies emerging from periods of conflict or repression need to address legacies of past mass violence and human rights abuses in order to sustain peace. This is the rationale behind the evolving field of transitional justice. While it is stated that transitional justice also makes headway in contemporary peace agreements, existing literature tends to remain unspecific. Albeit being the most victim-centred among the range of transitional justice mechanisms, the incorporation of reparation for victims of mass violence into peace agreements is particularly under-researched. This research gap is even more puzzling as it is a “basic maxim of law that harms should be remedied” (Roht-Arriaza 2004: 121). In response to this, this thesis establishes that only around a third of intra-state peace agreements signed from 2000 to 2009 have addressed reparation. Further, by means of an analytical framework that embeds thematic analysis within the structure of framing theory’s model of meaning-making, it maps how the studied peace agreements assign meaning to reparation in their texts. As a result, two themes labelled ‘reparation as the fulfilment of basic needs’ and ‘reparation as an act of justice’ are identified as constituting the broader patterns of meaning held within peace agreements’ reparation provisions. While the language of the latter equips harmed individuals with rights as victims, the former theme focuses instead on individual vulnerability and collective development needs. It deemphasises the link between harm experienced and violation committed. As it is suggested that the employment of particular themes and terminology lifts certain issues up the agenda while marginalising others, peace agreements’ authoritative meaning-making directly impacts on the lives of those victimised during conflict. Hence, this thesis highlights the need for more systematic research in this area to strengthen evidence-based reparation advocacy during peace processes.

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  • 753.
    van der Kamp, Mara
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Peacebuilding In Myanmar: A Case Study of State Influence on Civil Society in Karen State2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, has been going through a democratization process since 2011, despite different stages of conflict in several regions. In Karen State the main ethnic armed group, has signed the National Ceasefire Agreement in 2015. With the democratization process came a lot of changes for civil society. The role of civil society has been subject of many studies, with most researchers acknowledging that that role is dependent on the environment in which civil society operates. An important actor in this environment is the state. This research aimed to get a better understanding of how the state influences civil society and the work it does. To do this, the case of Karen State in Myanmar was chosen. The research question of this thesis was as follows:

    • How is the state influencing civil society and its functions in peacebuilding in Myanmar, specifically Karen State?

    To answer the research question, the research was conducted as a field study. An abductive approach was taken with the use of semi-structured interviews for qualitative data. To get comprehensive results, three types of organizations were interviewed: local CSOs, national CSOs and international CSOs. To analyse the results, two frameworks were used: the functions of civil society in peacebuilding according to Paffenholz and Spurk (2006) and the dimensions of the relationship of the state and civil society according to Müller (2006).

     

    The results show that civil society, in their view, is negatively influenced by the state. They are experiencing restrictions in performing some of their activities. The main worry for many of the organizations is the consequences of officially registering the organization. This requires giving up a lot of information to the government and makes them subject to influences from the state. Some other influences were the restriction of some activities, with even people getting arrested for their advocacy work. Collectively civil society is getting weaker, as the civil government is creating a divide in civil society with organizations that support them and organizations that are critical. Future research must go deeper into the influence of different state actors, and how each actor influences civil society in its own way.

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  • 754.
    Vanasse, Bethany
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Tombrink, Laura
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Health Literacy and Behaviour: Why context can trump knowledge2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Receiving health information and implementing recommendations are important factors for household development. However, it is not uncommon for people in the developing world to disregard information and not change their behaviour. The objective of this study is to contribute to the understanding of how context and knowledge determine health practices and behaviour in order to provide an explanation for why people do not follow health recommendations that would improve their health and the development of their household.

    In a field study in the Ribáuè district of Mozambique, an ethnographic approach using semi-structured interviews with individuals on the household level as well as stakeholders from both the public and private sector was used to gather the data. New institutionalist theory and health literacy were applied to structure the findings, analyze the data, and provide an explanation for the phenomenon described above.

    Conclusions from the study demonstrate that individuals must go through a process of obtaining, understanding, and evaluating health information before implementing recommendations. However, the socio-economic, and cultural circumstances in which a person lives can inhibit this process. Furthermore, regulative, normative, and cultural- cognitive underpinnings have proven to both resist and influence changes in health behaviour.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Health Literacy and Behaviour. Tombrink and Vanasse
  • 755.
    Vehabovic, Samra
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Massmedia och Integration av invandrare: Med fokus på Aftonbladets och Expressens ledar- och debattsidor2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    uppsats15hp
  • 756.
    Vejdeland, Sara
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Determinants of Swedish aid policy: A middle power perspective2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
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  • 757.
    Velin Pastén, Emilia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS). Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Frihet, Feminism och Liberalism?: En studie om spänningen mellan Liberalernas jämställdhetspolitik och samhällelig förändring.2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine if the Liberals interpretation of freedom affects the political party's ability to implement reforms which helps to improve the power structure between women and men. The study focus on the Liberal’s gender policy to further examine how the policy reflects liberal values to first establish the Liberal’s liberal position. Furthermore that will provide a background for the Liberals gender policy arguments which will be examined through theories of liberty, policy management and feminism. By using a qualitative idea analysis, this study aims to first distinguish the ideas behind the Liberals gender policy, and then examine if the parties gender policy actually works towards improve the power structures between women and men. The results of this study shows that there is tension between the Liberals liberal position and the general gender policy goals, which the party is allegedly working towards. The results show that the tension stems from liberal values which inhibit the Liberals to implement reforms that provides an effective protection from the power structures which systematically penalizes women.

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  • 758.
    Verdonk, Tilda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    South-South Cooperation: A case study of Ethiopia’s political and economic relations with China and Turkey2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    As the world system and the global political economy is under constant transformation, there is an increasing need for further research. Shifting from a North-South polarity towards a South-South-East relationship, the situation on the African continent is gaining more and more attention. The debate goes between the highly concerned alarmists warning for a new type of colonialism and those that are more opportunistic emphasizing the possibilities for underdeveloped countries to finally gain independence from Western predator claws. This thesis further explores the relationship between Ethiopia’s expanding partnerships with China and Turkey, aiming for analysis through the lens of the also highly debated dependency theory.  China and Turkey both express and emphasize the economic and political rhetoric of solidarity and mutual win-win relationships. This thesis thus seeks to investigate if this can be considered the case or if instead, the driving forces behind Chinese as well as Turkish engagement in Ethiopia are to be viewed upon as purely strategical concerning political and economic self-interests. By applying a comparative case study approach when analysing the two relationships of China-Ethiopia and Turkey-Ethiopia, this thesis will examine statistics and numbers regarding the economic exchange in terms of trade, financial assistance and investment flows.  The underlying driving forces behind the relationships will also be analysed before arriving at the conclusion that the relationships are indeed significantly uneven regarding power. The imbalances in the trade structures can be seen as an underlying factor of dependency. However, the characteristics of the of these South-South relations differ from the historically exploitative of North-South relations. Ethiopia can be seen to be given more room for self-determination and has gained benefits from its cooperation with both China and Turkey. Despite this, there is a need for the Ethiopian government to address its development needs and furthermore, increase its bargaining capacity in order to benefit further from trade agreements and foreign investment.

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  • 759. Verhagen, Harko
    et al.
    Borit, MelaniaBravo, GiangiacomoLinnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).Wijermans, Nanda
    Advances in Social Simulation: Looking in the Mirror2020Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 760.
    Viscovi, Dino
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    [Review of] Christa Lykke Christensen & Anne Jerslev (red.): Ældre mennesker i et mediesamfund: Frydenlund: Frydenlund Academic, 2017, 262 s.2018Ingår i: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 40, nr 1, s. 130-131Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 761.
    Viscovi, Dino
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Grafström, Maria
    Stockholm university.
    Ekonominyheter – fortfarande en främande fågel?2016Ingår i: Journalistik i förändring: Om Mediestudiers innehållsanalys 2007 och 2014 / [ed] Truedsson, Lars, Stockholm: Stiftelsen Institutet för mediestudier , 2016, s. 116-123Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet "Journalistik i förändring" har kodat 10.000 analysenheter redaktionellt material från 21 olika svenska nyhetsredaktioner åren 2007 och 2014. I kapitlet kartläggs kontinuitet och förändring i rapporteringen om ekonomi. Å ena sidan identifieras en förändring som följer samma mönster som nyhetsjournalistiken i stort: texterna har bl.a. blivit personligare och något mera känslomässiga. Å andra sidan är nyheter om ekonomi alltjämt mera refererande och mindre kritiska än t.ex. nyheter om politik. Ekonomi är i flera avseenden en sfär som journalistiskt behandlas som frikopplad från politik och andra samhällsinstitutioner.

  • 762.
    Viscovi, Dino
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Gustafsson, Malin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Dirty Work: Why Journalists Shun Reader Comments2013Ingår i: Producing the Internet: Critical Perspectives of Social Media / [ed] Tobias Olsson, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2013, s. 85-101Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 763.
    Viscovi, Dino
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Olsson, Tobias
    Lund University.
    Samuelsson, Ulli
    Jönköping University.
    Var femte äldre står utan digital teknik2017Ingår i: Äldre i centrum, ISSN 1653-3585, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. 54-58Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 764.
    von Reding, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    What determines the decline of social movements? A qualitative case study of the Zapatista movement in southern Mexico2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1950s, the research field of social movements has caught the interest of many social scientists. The focus has mostly lied on the emergence of such movements and their early developments. There is surprisingly little research on the decline of social movements and the factors behind their weakening. This study aims to contribute to filling that research gap. The Zapatista movement in southern Mexico serves as a case study in this research, as it has been perceived to have declined since the first violent uprising in 1994. By using the method of process tracing, the Zapatista movement is explored and analysed in regard to the factors that might have contributed to its disappearance from the international spotlight. The analysis is based on two different social movement theories, the model of movement decline and the political process theory. The results of this study show that the theories used are revealing and relevant to understand the Zapatista movement, as their application on the case study provide several factors explaining the movement’s weakening. However, the analysis also shows the limits of the theories, as they were unable to explain some factors which led to the decline of the Zapatista movement. Recent news of the Zapatistas resurfacing further questions the previous assumptions about their decline. This study is part of an increasing attempt within social movement research to explain what happens in the final stages of a social movement. Through the examination of existing theory with a case study, this thesis contributes to the research field and hopes to incite future research within this topic.

  • 765.
    Vos, Love
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Comparative analysis of radicalization in the cases of Boko Haram and Abu Sayyaf2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the terror groups Boko Haram and Abu Sayyaf. The study starts with the Islamic history in both Nigeria and The Philippines in order to get a broader picture and understanding of the subject. The purpose with this research paper is to study the radicalization process of these two movements listed above. To study the radicalization process of these two movements I will be using Eitan Y Alimi, Chares Demetriou and Lorenzo Bosi, relational, dynamics and process analytical framework. The question this thesis is trying to answer is how these two social movements eventually became two notorious terror organizations. This research paper is carried out as a comparative case study in order to find similarities and differences between the two cases so it can be generalized. The research paper also applies the method of abduction. The findings show that there are many similarities between Boko Haram as well as many differences. But also that specific political decisions made by the governments in both countries helped to further radicalize Boko Haram and Abu Sayyaf.

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    fulltext
  • 766.
    Vukasinovic, Daniel
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    The Question of Security in Bosnia and Herzegovina2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 767.
    Wallin, Pontus
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Whose and what justice?: A content analysis of the United Nations' Post-2015 Development Agenda2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    As the timeframe of the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is running out this year, the Post-2015 Development Agenda soon arrive at its final negotiations. Criticisms of the MDGs have primarily concerned the inaccurate implementation of social justice to the most vulnerable and poor, and the limited understanding of the underlying interconnectedness of the goals. In several recent reports, it has been stated that the various aspects of social justice and inclusiveness shall permeate the new development agenda. I have therefore made it my task to conduct a content analysis of three key reports, providing the most likely basis for the new agenda. With this, my aim is to examine what different concepts of social justice is being expressed, whom the agenda foremost seems to favour in terms of ‘winners’ and ‘losers’, and what possible implications this could have for global development work. My analytical framework is constructed from three concepts of social justice: distributive, retributive and transformative justice. Ideal types of these three concepts have been constructed as the analytical instrument of the study, in order to simplify the content analysis.

         In the study, it is concluded that it is likely that the new development agenda will aim for distributive justice, although the road to get there leads through major transformational shifts. The structural and societal causes (transformative injustice) of inequalities, poverty and unsustainability are targeted to finally achieve universal equality (distributive justice). The most marginalized, vulnerable and poor can thus been classified as the utmost winners of the suggested new agenda. Moreover, vague expressions of retributive justice were found regarding foremost climate justice. The possible implications of this could prove to be a more welcoming attitude towards the agenda negotiations, albeit on the cost of decreased accountability.

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    Whose and what justice?
  • 768.
    Wallin van Doesburg, Hugo
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Child labor in Bolivia:: A new approach to the issue of child labor?2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Child labor is still to this day a global problem, especially for the developing world. In 2014 the Bolivian government went against the international community by removing the minimum age on work in the revised version of their Code for Children and Adolescents. The objective of this research is to present how and why this policy was adopted by the Bolivian government. This thesis also analyses the case of Bolivia using a triangulation of three different theories on child labor.

     

    The findings show that the involvement of the child/adolescent labor unions had a great impact on the final results of the new legislation in Bolivia. Furthermore, the new legislation inherently questions the notion of children as being unable to act independently as subjects.

     

    Key words: Child labor, Bolivia, Child labor policy, Minimum age on work, Child/adolescent labor unions

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    fulltext
  • 769.
    Wallström, Anna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Bergenblad, Hanna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Prisoners' Wives: Microcredit as a Contributior to Women Empowerment in Medellín, Colombia2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Microcredits is a widely researched topic within development research, however it seems like little research is done on how it helps to empower prisoners’ wives. The literature is mixed, with both positive and negative results of microfinance as a contributor to development, and the most known research on prisoners’ wives is almost 30 years old. This study shows the link between microfinance and empowerment of prisoners’ wives in Medellín, Colombia, a country with a high crime rate and overpopulated prisons. The study was conducted in Medellín through qualitative interviews with 19 borrowers, the head of the microfinance project of one organization, and a prison pastor. From these interviews, the women seem to have been empowered financially, as well as with human resources. Microcredits provided to these women seem to make it possible for prisoners’ wives to fulfil some of their dreams and achievement by running a business, however it doesn’t seem to give them much increase in the social sphere. This study is not just an addition to others within the field of microfinance, but also an investigation to see whether microfinance is a contributor to women empowerment in families where the male partner is not present, and in what ways.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 770.
    Wanér Hedberg, Jonathan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Angående Individualismen: – Facebook: Individualistens Kollektiv2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Author: Jonathan Wanér Hedberg

    Title: Angående Individualismen – Facebook: Individualistens Kollektiv

    Year: 2014/2015

    Abstract: This essay seeks to understand how the expression of individualism can be seen in different ways in people’s use of the social network Facebook. Ten interviews with Facebook users have been performed. The analysis of these has been able to illustrate how Facebook users through Erving Goffman´s impression management prepares and presents their individualism to a collective, i. e. the users Facebook friends. The Informants' had a common view of how social ideals are published on Facebook by the users. The informants' description of ideals was in terms of individualistic performances; such as their own physical workout, bread making, or similar self-performed activities. Analysis also demonstrates that the Facebook feature the “like button” can be used as the collective confirmation of the Facebook users presented individualism. This essay is also an attempt to explain how Facebook users enters their own individualized time zones on Facebook; being able to control the lives of friends on Facebook via a time that suits the users themselves; i. e. their own individualized time. Finally this essay tries to argue how people use Facebook to identify specific material, published by friends, which they use as a reflexivity of the self, as Anthony Giddens calls it. The informants describe how they use material, published by others, on Facebook to reflect on their own lives and identities; sometimes this resulted in a related action by those who performed the reflection.

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  • 771.
    Warsame, Abdihakim Barre
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Daesh's Construction of  Enemy Images: - A study of Enemy Images in Dabiq Magazine2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine how Daesh constructs the enemy images of their opponents and who the opponents are.  The study adopted enemy image theories as for the theoretical base to understand how Daesh constructs and propagates these enemy images. This study is carried out on qualitative abductive desk study with discourse analysis as the method and relied on Dabiq as the primary data.  Daesh employs enemy images to effectively paint a negative image of the opponent while calling for a variety of actions from their followers. The primary data shows some concepts and themes that are used in enemy image construction being present in Dabiq. The results of of the analysis show that Daesh uses the delimitation between them and us,  a set of values that separate the two groups. This is what has been described as "our" and "their" essence and the final aim which is legitimized war or violence is very clear in Dabiq. This thesis also suggests other ways of looking at the concept of enemy images suggesting further research areas where deemed necessary.

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    Bachelor Thesis ( peace and development ) by Abdi
  • 772.
    Westberg, Nathalie
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Persson, Sara
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Upplevd Yrkesstatus och Stress: Vad skapar upplevd yrkesstatus och har yrkesstatus samband med stress?2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines subjective occupational status and what factors influence and indicate subjective occupational status among employees in the municipal sector. The study also investigates if subjective occupational status has any significant connections with stress and worrying.

    The aim of this study is to examine if income, education, age, gender and length of employment has any significant effect on the subjective occupational status. We also aim to investigate if subjective occupational status affects the respondent’s levels of stress and worry. The material for the study was collected via a questionnaire with 268 respondents. The survey was done via the internet and sent out to the respondents via e-mail.

    We are utilizing the reference group theory in our analysis of the material. Reference group theory states that subjective social position is created by social comparison. Individuals tend to base their position in the social hierarchy and compare themselves with individuals who are similar to them. This leads to that many people places themselves as average.

    The results of the study show that it is only income which is affecting the subjective occupational status. We also found that subjective occupational status does not have any connections with stress apart from causing the respondents some worry over not having time to complete their work assignments.

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  • 773.
    Westerberg, Renée
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS). Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Våldtäkt: ett evigt problem?: En kvalitativ undersökning i svenska statens syn på våldtäktsbrottet2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 774.
    Westerlind, Christopher
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    A case study on the government’s exercise of power during the reconciliation process in Rwanda2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Rwanda experienced one of the most horrendous atrocities in our modern history in the summer of 1994 when a genocide occurred within the country, and in the aftermath the nation had to deal with this history and rebuild its society. This essay examines the reconciliation in post-genocide Rwanda with the aim of investigating potential power mechanisms during this process. The study researches the policies implemented by the government of Rwanda during this process and what effect they potentially can have on the reconciliation in the country. The focus is on the policy of National Unity and Reconciliation and two of the main instruments within this government policy, which are Gacaca and Ingando. The analytical framework for this study is Steven Lukes’ theory on three-dimensional power, which was applied as an analytical lens to examine the power exercise by the RPF government. The essay used an abductive approach to research the subject and a case study as the chosen method for the study. The results of the research confirms that there are several instances of power exercise, both within the two and three-dimensional concept of power as described by Lukes. Certain aspects of the RPF’s policies aimed at reconciliation can be seen as power exercise by the government and potentially be problematic for a successful reconciliation process.

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    fulltext
  • 775.
    Westraeus, Patrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Good Governance Institutions and Economic Growth: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa 2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Development paradigms changes over time. The latest buzzword ‘good governance’ has endured for more than a decade. Contemporary literature maintains the need for institutions such as good governance as a means of achieving economic growth. However, despite a prolonged emphasis on good governance institutions by development actors including the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, poverty remains prevalent in the world. Through an unorthodox method balancing between qualitative and quantitative, this study deductively makes an effort to test the recent literature within new institutional economics, with the aim to investigate whether normative institutions such as good governance are causing economic growth. By assessing and correlating gross domestic product per capita growth and governance levels in the cases of Botswana, Namibia and South Africa the analysis methodologically seeks after congruence in the empirical evidence with institutional theory. Numeric data derived from The World Bank are used as dataset. The findings indicate, despite a coincidental occurrence of high institutional quality and economic performance in the three cases, that good governance lacks causality on economic growth. Also, problems of using and measuring statistical data on governance and economic growth are discussed. This study concludes that albeit the normative good governance institutions lack causality there might be other institutional arrangements that are a prerequisite for growth.

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    fulltext
  • 776.
    Widerberg Serak, Micha
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Putting capital punishment to rest: A qualitative study of capital punishment and human rights in China and the Philippines2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The situation of the influence of human rights issues related to capital punishment has for long been a matter of debate, especially regarding the retention and abolition of the death penalty. Various countries have, during the 20th century, changed their laws and approach on capital punishment with the implementation and adoption of human rights conventions. Opinions and actions taken from international actors like the United Nations and Amnesty International will be analyzed in this thesis as these could contribute in the understanding of the human rights movement which, during the last century, has changed many countries strict retentionist approach on capital punishment to an abolitionist view.

     

    The People’s Republic of China and the Philippines will be implemented as case studies in this thesis which aims to investigate if and how human rights issues are influencing capital punishment in these two countries. The concept of legitimacy will be used as theoretical framework in order to identify changes within three sub-concepts of legitimacy namely morality, legality, and constitutionality. These concepts will, with the help of legitimacy, offer an explanation of how the case studies have handled human rights issues in relation to the death penalty. The arguments behind the decision making of laws, regulations and policies in China and the Philippines will also be of interest in the answering of the research question as these arguments could act as changes within legality and constitutionality. Regarding the moral stand behind the practice of capital punishment, the concept of morality will assist this thesis in the explaining and understanding of the ethics behind the choice of the death penalty.

     

    The findings of this thesis demonstrate that social structures such as history, culture, politics, and norms are important aspects in the decision- and law making of capital punishment in China and the Philippines. Obstacles identified are linked to the approach on the death penalty from the governments which, in both case studies, have a history of neglecting human rights issues. However, as China has started to reconsider their stand on capital punishment, the Philippine regime has implemented an even stricter approach on the death penalty which demonstrates that the matter of human rights issues regarding capital punishment, in the two case studies, is a complicated battle between retention and abolition and the contest of legitimacy.

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  • 777.
    Wildschut, Marja
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Improve attitudes through indirect intergroup contact?: A study of secondary school students' attitudes towards asylum-seekers2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    With the increasing numbers of refugees and asylum seekers seeking safety in Europe, integration is of utmost importance to handle this situation effectively. When looking at integration in the Netherlands as the process of decreasing the difference in opportunities, concerning for example, income, education and social security, between people with a Dutch and a migration background, it can be observed that integration is not successful. One attempt to improve integration is by improving intergroup contact, as this reduces prejudice and threat and will enhance more positive attitudes towards the outgroup. Following from the intergroup contact theory, there are several approaches that can improve this attitude, one of these being the indirect intergroup contact theory. This theory has been at stake in this research and it has been studied whether Digital Storytelling videos can be regarded as a form of indirect intergroup contact. 

    To achieve this objective, the impact of these two videos on secondary school students’ attitudes towards asylum seekers was studied by conducting a random controlled trial. The students (N = 165) were divided into three groups; one control group, one group that watched a video from an asylum seeker (outgroup video) and one group that watched a video from an ingroup member who has engaged in intergroup contact (ingroup video). The effects have been studied with respect to the general attitude, the willingness to engage in contact, equality, extended contact, threat, realistic threat and intergroup anxiety. The effect of previous contact has also been considered in this research.

    This research has concluded that the outgroup video has the strongest influence, both on people that have and have not engaged in intergroup contact. Nevertheless, when comparing to the control group, the impact on the people that have not engaged in previous intergroup contact is relatively stronger. This outcome is that same for the ingroup video; the effect is the strongest for the people that have not been in contact, which is what the indirect contact theory is based upon.

    To use the findings of this research in real-life setting, the optimal result is believed to be achieved when an ingroup video will be showed before direct contact takes place and an outgroup video after direct contact has taken place.

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    fulltext
  • 778.
    Wimby Schmidt, Johanna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Blueberries of Wrath: An examination of the complexity in the Swedish berry industry2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In the early 21st Century Sweden’s daily press was full of articles of Asian migrant workers that was picking berries in the north of the country. It was reported that the pickers was exploited by the industry and that it was complete chaos in the berry forests and that no one wanted to take responsible for the situation. As one measurement the Swedish Board of Migration adopted guidelines of how to import work force. The guidelines had a positive effect. The guidelines, however, also created a new problem a now shifted focus to another group of pickers: migrant workers from poor member-states of the European Union. This research partly aims to find out who is the responsible for the situation and who can do something that can improve the situation. Further, the research aim to find out why so many Easter European chose Sweden as country to work in, and then if the Swedish Board of Migrations guidelines actual effect of the migration flow. As a part of a solution for the berry pickers a few organization stands out, namely the ones that a company can use to clean their name with if they connect themselves to. This research then also aim to understand to find out if those organizations can make a positive impact of the situation. Mainly daily press has been used as the main source to create a framework over the situation. The analysis is made from the statements found in the large share of different sources available, but also through Swedish rules, politicians and the workers and theories of migration. In order to put the situation in Sweden in a larger context, a comparison with Austria is made.

    The final conclusion of the research is somehow devastating. There is still a hassle to understand who can be put in charge of the wheel, but the aftermath is that in the end the actor with most power in the industry might be the consumer of the berries. 

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    fulltext
  • 779.
    Wistbacka, Antonia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    The gendered risks of resettlement: A case study from Upper Paunglaung dam in Myanmar2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This research investigates if the resettlement in the Upper Paunglaung dam affected men and women differently. The purpose is to identify gendered risks and show how the processes of the resettlement are different according to gender. To understand the results and analysis it includes a background chapter of women in Myanmar society. There are five aspects this research implies are crucial for a successful resettlement project which are information, compensation, economic impacts, social impacts and remedy. These five aspects are part of the process of being relocated. This allowed the research to explore each aspect in a descriptive manner and from a gendered perspective. It uses two reports from the case and a socio-economic survey with responses from 2013 and 2016. This allowed the research to see if there are patterns between the years. The findings show that women are excluded from information meetings regarding the resettlement, losing the female perspective when discussing compensation. Economic stress impacted the households differently depending on gender and social roles were jeopardized, creating stress and unease. Women face both labor work and domestic work while their husbands worked elsewhere and sent remittances. Remedy was not met with failure of delivering compensation packages. However, households found that the housing standards and religious buildings had improved. The research call attention to the exclusion of women in the resettlement projects and what risks they are more exploited to and why.

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    fulltext
  • 780.
    Wollin, Daniel
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Circus and Clowns: Creative approach for emotional and mental well-being: Learning from Clowns without Boarders and Circus Cirkör2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of displaced people around the world today is unprecedented in world history, with a third of those displaced below the age of 18. These children often undergo traumatic experiences which can cause serious mental health issues before and during their flight as well as afterwards when resettling in a new country. In Sweden, they are offered psychological aid in order to better deal with these issues and hence recover. However, due to the cultural stigma attached to mental health problems, psychosocial aid is often ruled out by the child themselves. In addition, up to 30% of these unaccompanied children have been reported to suffer from PTSD, where merely speaking about one's issue can trigger a relapse of the trauma. There is therefore a shortage of pragmatic approaches to help tackle the challenges that these children faces.

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate how creative programs such as the organisation Clowns without Borders works with unaccompanied refugees and how their methods affect the wellbeing of these children. This thesis explores the effects that laughter and playing has on a child’s well-being using a qualitative field research approach.

    The research is a contribution to the field of development since it offers new grounds on how to work towards increasing the living standards of resettled displaced persons.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 781.
    Wraae, August
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Transboundary Water Politics: The Case of Egypt and Sudan2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    With the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) there has been a change in the power dynamics of the Nile River Basin. Previous literature tackling this issue have primarily been focused on the Ethiopian challenge of Egyptian hegemony in the Nile, often ignoring other riparian actors. This study will take a critical look at cooperation and conflict in the Nile, analysing the changes in the relationship between Egypt and Sudan by applying the analytical framework: Transboundary Water Interaction Nexus (TWINS). This study attempts to broaden the discussion on the Nile issue trough studying the role of Sudan. Focusing on the period between 2012-2018, this study applies a qualitative content analysis on the material, in this case the official documents that Egypt and Sudan are party to as well as statements made by both state actors found in newspaper articles from one Egyptian and one Sudanese Newspaper. This study found that while initially the Egyptian-Sudanese position on the Nile has been nearly identical, this has changed dramatically during the time covered. The development of the GERD has put a strain on Egyptian-Sudanese relations and Sudan is seemingly using the project to further enhance its position in the Nile River Basin. Sudanese actors are starting to realise their own potential as a power player in the Nile, independent from Egyptian hegemony.

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    Transboundary Water Politics The Case of Egypt and Sudan
  • 782.
    Wäppling, Louise
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för psykologi (PSY).
    Holst, Misja
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    En korrelationsstudie om stress: Är fysisk aktivitet och sömn effektiva medel för att reducera stress?2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stress kan idag ses som ett av det moderna västerländska samhällets största folkhälsoproblem, där risken för att utveckla stressinducerade sjukdomar är hög. Forskning har funnit bevis på att fysisk aktivitet och sömn kan reducera stress, huruvida är det få studier som har kombinerat dessa två variabler för att undersöka högskole-och universitetsstudenters stressnivåer. Målet för studien är att undersöka om det finns en korrelation mellan studenters sömnvanor, grad av fysisk aktivitet och individernas upplevda stress. Studiens syfte besvarades med hjälp av två hypoteser; 1. Graden av fysisk aktivitet reducerar studenters stressnivåer, 2. Hög kvalitativ sömn reducerar studenters stressnivåer. Fortsättningsvis användes Krav-kontrollmodellen av Karasek och Theorell (1990) för att förstå studenternas stressreaktioner. Datainsamlingen skedde via instrumenten Perceived Stress Scale - 10 (PSS-10), Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), och Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire (KSQ) vid ett universitet i södra Småland. Studien fann ingen signifikant korrelation mellan stress, sömnvanor och fysisk aktivitet. 

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    En korrelationsstudie om stress Är fysisk aktivitet och sömn effektiva medel för att reducera stress?
  • 783.
    Yang, Yingxue
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Media Freedom in China: State, Society and Culture: A Comparative case study of Press Freedom between China and Taiwan2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 60 poäng / 90 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Freedom of speech is a fundamental human rights. In Article 19 of United Nations  Declaration of Human Rights declared “Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.”

     

    China claims that the citizens of People’s Republic of China have the right of freedom of speech in Chinese current Constitution. However, Chinese journalists are barely able to express news freely, and the media freedom has become to a serious problem in modern China. On the other hand, Taiwan’s media freedom is considered to be the best in Asia according to Freedom House.

     

    In this thesis, the author will research media freedom in China through a comparative case study, where the differences between Chinese and Taiwanese media will be explored. The thesis looks at how Chinese and Taiwanese media practice media freedom and how the Chinese media is constrained.  

     

    As a comparative case study, Chinese and Taiwanese media reports on the Mong Kok civil unrest in 2016 is used since the events in Hong Kong are of interest to both sets of media. Both quantitative and qualitative research method was used to do the data collection, and in analysis of the cases, critical discourse analysis is applied along with Trilling’s three models.

     

    The research shows that the Chinese and Taiwanese media displayed obvious differences in their reporting of the Mong Kok civil unrest, they have different news quantities, article size, photo usage, news angle, key messages and thematic structure, as well as the means of expression. According to the analysis of these differences, the Chinese media freedom was limited to a great extent. In addition, the Chinese media was socially constrained by the deep-rooted sense of Democratic Centralism and Confucian value both in national leaders and citizens. 

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  • 784.
    Yefanova, Iryna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Examining framing effects on the decision-making processes of households in energy investments: An online experiment2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    With the increased energy demands which are needed to fuel the human development and economic growth we also observe a trend for global environmental problems caused by burning fossil fuels. Tackling problems like global warming would mean either tapping into the large CO2 emitters and having them shift to renewable energy alternatives or motivating change on the level of individuals which would lead to a general reduction in energy consumption.

    This thesis features an online experiment with 320 participants, recruited through Amazon Mechanical Turk, who were randomly assigned to either an environmental or an economic frame, and performed tasks on energy-related investments, risk elicitation and environmental preferences (by framing we mean controlling the formulation of the decision problem). The main purpose of the experiment was to examine the effects of framing on the decision-making processes of households in regards to energy investments.

    The results we obtained with 90 and 99% confidence provide evidence that framing does have an effect on investment choices, moreover we have also observed that environmental concern is an important predictor of households’ investments. Going beyond our main hypothesis, we have conducted some exploratory analysis of the data which highlighted a great potential for the scientific method within the domain of energy-related investments.

    Finally, the results from our experiment suggest that framing could be a successful instrument in the hands of those working with policy-making and communication.

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  • 785.
    Younis Forssman, Joulin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Jacobsson, Emma
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Gender Mainstreaming in Kisumu County High Schools: A Study of Gender Mainstreaming Policy Implementation on the Local Level in Kenya2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 786.
    Zackrisson, Rebecka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Doing good by doing well: A study on the existence of multinational corporations in developing countries and the discussion for the importance of social responsibilities2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Multinational corporations are often associated with human rights violations and devastating environmental pollutions. Despite this, non-governmental organizations, human rights groups and the United Nations Global Compact are now encouraging multinational corporations to engage in activities that are promoting peace and development for individuals in vulnerable communities and developing countries. This study is carried out in order to reach an understanding of the phenomenon of multinational corporations and their contribution to increased global development. Through an abductive content analysis and with the implementation of Archie B. Carroll’s model of corporate social responsibility, the research strives to find answers for the two selected research questions. The ambition is to combine the subjects of business ethics and peace and development in order to discuss the issues of MNC and obstacles for global development. The result shows that one cannot generalize all multinational corporations as a contributing role for increased conflict in developing countries. When peace, stability and development are in the business’ interest, the corporation should not have issues of engaging in peace-building activities that can ensure that all individuals that are affected by the business operation can benefit from its revenues. 

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    fulltext
  • 787.
    Zetterqvist, Maria
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    The Demand for Sexual Services: and its Effects on the Prevalence of Human Trafficking in Sweden2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Human trafficking is a global problem that has an effect on international, national and local contexts. Every year, hundreds if women are being transported to Sweden for the purpose of sexual exploitation. The international document by the UN, the Palermo Protocol, establishes a distinct concept of human trafficking and calls on all member states to contribute with an effective counteraction to the problem. However, the demand for prostitution as a cause of the prevalence of human trafficking or how the counteraction is supposed to be conducted is not mentioned in the protocol. 

     

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate and explain the connection between prostitution and human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation in Sweden with a focus on the demand, investigate who stands behind the demand and reasons for the purchases of sexual services along with distinguishing what measures are advocated for to decrease the demand for prostitution in the country. The thesis is conducted through collected material from various relevant governmental organisations concerned with the issue, while the analytical framework is built upon approaches of abolitionism and regulation. 

     

    The demand is considered to be the very cornerstone to the prevalence of prostitution which in itself is claimed to be, if not caused by human trafficking, the very expression of violence and inequality. Many sex purchasers distinguish prostitution from human trafficking, expressing their certainty of being able to identify when they meet someone who is subjected to trafficking – in reality it was found that they are not aware of the indicators of trafficking which is close to invisible. Resources needs to be targeted towards the concerned authorities and the education and awareness needs to be enhance both within authorities but also in the general public. 

  • 788.
    Zhang, Huiyi
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Economic Development and Women Empowerment in China: Is There a Regional Pattern?2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid economic development in China has successfully drawn a worldwide attention and benefit its population, with a average 8 percentage GDP growth rate every year and 500 million people out of poverty. While a large number of people are seeking for the reason why economic achievement in China has been so dramatic and unprecedented, less people show solicitude for Chinese women`s condition and empowerment. 

     

    Women as a worldwide vulnerable group, their well-being need to be taken into consideration during the process of developing economy. In China, female population accounts for 48.47 percentage (633.2 million) of entire population. Under the big picture of economic prosperity, the author found that Chinese people`s living condition has advanced largely, the popularization of basic education and medical service has benefit the vast majority people, meanwhile, people can be more involved in political process to express their opinions. However, women are benefited disproportionately but still less empowered than men are. Moreover, since China is a geographically large country, the economic development has shown some regional characteristic, that means, in southeastern China, due to the convenient traffic condition, such as harbors, economic development process is faster than in northwestern China, where traffic and natural conditions are both weak. Would that cause a unequal empowered situation between women from different economic developed regions?

     

    Women has been paid less attention through the history of China, let alone different conditions of women in different regions. In this thesis, the author will describe women`s different empowered situation in rural and urban regions of China, via a capability approach viewpoint, and discussion of whether there is a regional pattern will be based on (Dis) Empowerment model.

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    thesis Huiyi Zhang
  • 789.
    Zhao, Jichen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    The Effects of the Internet Firewall on the Development of Chinese Democracy2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    As a special censorship system, China’s Internet firewall plays an important role in Chinese society.The Internet firewall is a controversial social action in China’s democratic development.The Internet firewall efficiently protects China’s economic environment. Similarly,Because of its rigorous censorship and guidance of information, it makes controversy about its role in the development of democracy in China. The Internet firewalls in China largely limit Chinese media freedom, information freedom and public opinion freedom, that through a regulatory and directional approach. At the same time, with the continuous emergence of new media, to some extent, new media also impacts the review of Internet firewalls.This study has studied the function of Internet firewalls that through the analysis of literatures, and hopes to draw the conclusion that the effects of the Internet firewall on the development of Chinese democracy. This study first analyzes the literature through discourse analysis and structured focused comparison analysis, and then analyzes the function of Internet firewall through function analysis theory. The results show that China's Internet firewall is closely related to China's special political and economic structure.It may lead China to a deliberative democracy, but under a special political and economic structure, it is accompanied by great uncertainty.According to this study, a means of deliberative democracy is being established by the Internet firewall, but because of its continued existence, the special political environment in China may persist for a long period.

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  • 790.
    Åhs, Johanna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    The policy process behind the adaptation of Urban Agriculture policy in Cape Town and Johannesburg: Academic activists and NGO´s as policy actors2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    South Africa, also known as the ´Rainbow nation´, is one of the wealthiest countries on the African continent counted in terms of GDP. After the 1994 election, it became a functioning democracy with universal suffrage. At the same time the country is still struggling with the legacy of Apartheid in terms of poverty, inequality and food insecurity amongst other things. Access to food and water are rights enshrined within the South African Bill of Rights within the South African Constitution (Section 27 1 (b)). However, around 14 million or 34 percent of South Africans are thought to be food insecure (De Klerk et al:2004). To improve livelihoods and fight poverty, planning and intervention is needed, and urban agriculture has shown to have many positive impacts such as food security and improved nutrition intake and policy can play a vital role (Dubbeling et al 2010:6). There have been many initiatives to meet the challenges faced in South Africa, and this thesis has looked at one – the promotion of urban agriculture. Urban Agriculture can be defined as “the growing of food and plants and the raising of animals for food and other uses within and around cities and towns and related activities...” (van Veenhuizen 2006:2). This study has explored in depth the policy process behind the adaptation of Urban Agriculture policy in Cape Town and Johannesburg, which were adopted in 2007 and 2014.  The purpose of this exploration was to understand the policy process and the role of activist academics and civil society in shaping a progressive policy agenda. This study has therefore applied a Policy Advocacy Coalition Framework to the policy process behind the adaptation of urban agriculture policy in Cape Town and Johannesburg.  The approach uses a qualitative approach through text analysis to understand these policies and the process behind the adaptation, supplemented by correspondence with some of the key actors identified.  Through the lens of Sabatier’s Policy Advocacy Coalition Framework, this study shows how NGOs and academic actors has played an important role in the policy formulation of an urban agriculture policy in Cape Town and Johannesburg. In terms of implementation, the role of these non-state actors has had a clear impact on the process in Cape Town, but there is yet limited evidence in the case of Johannesburg since the policy is only just being implemented. 

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    The policy process behind the adaptation of Urban Agriculture policy in Cape Town and Johannesburg -Academic activists and NGO´s as policy actors
  • 791.
    Öhman, Anton
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Bondesson, Emil
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    När man får något så ger man också tillbaka: En studie om engagemang bland medarbetare inom kommunal verksamhet2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Engagement is a well discussed topic among organizations and leadership. In this study the purpose is to study engagement according to and among employees currently working within two different municipalities in the south of Sweden. The methodological perspective used in this study is based on a phenomenological research approach. The empirical material gathered for the study consist of nine qualitative semi-structured interviews. We asked the interviewees to define engagement according to their own understanding together with topics revolved around communication, participation as well as involvement within the workplace and in the overarching organization. The two central theoretical frameworks used in this study is social exchange theory and symbolic interactionism. 

     

    The results of the study show that engagement is a generalizable phenomenon among employees, highlighting performingtasks with a sense of fulfillment as well as engaging with colleagues. Individual engagement may arise if the employee is given the right opportunity to influence their own work, although what degree of influence that is expected by the employee is affected by past workforce experiences. Individual engagement may be hindered if the workplace suffers under an inadequate leader. Engagement may also suffer when formal lines of communication is lacking and information is instead received in a non-formal way, which opens up the possibility for speculation and therefore negative attitudes among colleagues.  Engagement can also be observed as a group phenomenon. Where the employees as a group shows signs of engagement. An individual may align their own level of engagement with the perceived level of the group, a function attributed to the group's ability of maintaining social order.

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  • 792.
    Örtberg, Annika
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Ledarutvecklingens trender - Isomorfism eller innovation?2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership development trends - isomorphism or innovation? This study examines leadership development within organizations, including strategies, objectives and processes that help to shape the organizations leadership development. The study is based on nine in-depth interviews with planners/decision-makers in eight different organizations.

    A part of the study consists of a web based survey completed by managers/leaders, were the gathered results assist in providing further insight on the topic being studied. The interaction between different players and stakeholders, significant social changes as well as major challenges in the continued leadership development process are highlighted and analysed.

    The study's most important conclusion is that successful and innovative leadership development is based on constant curiosity, business intelligence, understanding of the individual employee’s needs, as well as and business goals whilst achieving this by constant interaction throughout the organization.

    The overall trend is that leadership development is being increasingly adapted and renewed. Knowledge, understanding, relationships and values are strengthened and that coaching, personal development and a capability for renewal are provided.

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  • 793.
    Östensen, Vanessa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Who Deserves the Nobel Peace Prize?: A qualitative study on interpreting criteria2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to identify, distinguish and explain discourses in written and spoken language is a greatly important epistemological consideration in modern thinking across humanities and social sciences (Shabani & Dogolsara, 2015).

    This study aims to decipher how well the original criteria, provided by Alfred Nobel in his testament, remains intact in the Norwegian Nobel Committee’s deliberation process, by studying laureation cases from the past 50 years- revealing discursive themes, trends, patterns and shifts in the committee's interpretation of said criteria. The study discloses, despite heavy regulations and rules of secrecy to uphold, that more can be said about how considerably little the criteria contributes to the  prize-awarding body’s decisions, which ultimately changes the lives of peace builders all over the world. Their choice of Nobel Peace Prize winners simultaneously contributes to individuals’ understandings of peace embodiment, and works as a timestamp for observing peace definitions. Discourse analysis aims to understand a certain perspective, beyond literal definitions of linguistic expressions, moving into intention and interpretation- which are the utmost central methodological and analytical considerations of this thesis. 

    Mainstream peace research and theories are quite sprawled in regard to which concepts should be included under the term peace, moreover, definitions are time-bound and reflect an occurrence-and-response system in which events affecting the equilibrium between conflict and peace steer theorists in what they prioritise, in order to understand this phenomenon over a time spectrum. 

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