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  • 8151.
    Brun, Christian
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Åström, Mats
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Peltola, Pasi
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Johansson, Maj-Britt
    Patterns in major and trace element dynamics during long-term decomposition of boreal forest litters2007In: GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA 71 (15), 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8152.
    Brun, Christian
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Åström, Mats
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Peltola, Pasi
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Johansson, Maj-Britt
    Trends in major and trace elements in decomposing needle litters during a long-term experiment in Swedish forests2008In: Plant and Soil, ISSN 0032-079X, E-ISSN 1573-5036, Plant and Soil, Vol. 306Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8153.
    Brun, Sandra
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Stark, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Traditionell paketresa eller flexibel paketering?: -en kvalitativ studie om charterresans framtid2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Charterresor har under en lång period varit och är fortfarande en populär reseform bland turister. Internet har medfört att tillgängligheten för turister att själva paketera sin resa har förenklats, vilket bidrar till ett mer flexibelt resande. Utvecklingen av nya reseformer har medfört att forskare börjat frågeställa charterresans framtid och tror att den kommer att bli utkonkurrerad av andra reseformer. Syftet med uppsatsen var att undersöka charterresans framtid och vilka faktorer som påverkar reseformens framtid. För att kunna besvara frågeställningen har en kvalitativ studie genomförts, där sex stycken intervjuer med aktörer inom resebranschen utförts. Uppsatsens resultat visar att svenska charterarrangörer påverkats av den teknologiutveckling som skett. Utvecklingen har förändrat distributionen av resan samt skapat en ökad konkurrens på marknaden. Charterarrangörerna visar på en ökning bland antalet resenärer och ser att en sådan utveckling kommer att fortsätta. Det finns många interna och externa faktorer som kommer påverka reseformens framtid men en stor del av Sveriges invånare kommer även i framtiden att efterfråga sol, bad och avkoppling under trygga former.

  • 8154.
    Brunby, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Barn i kris: lärares bemötande2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8155.
    Brunbäck, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Larsson, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Media, en del i utvecklingen av hållbarhetsredovisningen?: -   En studie med fokus på hållbarhetsredovisningens utveckling och mediernas påverkan2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel:      Media, en del i utvecklingen av företagens hållbarhetsredovisning?

    -       En studie med fokus på hållbarhetsredovisningens utveckling och mediernas påverkan

     

    Författare: Malin Larsson och Anna Brunbäck

     

    Handledare: Andreas Jansson         Examinator: Sven-Olof Yrjö Collin

     

    Utbildning: Examensarbete, Civilekonomprogrammet –Ekonomihögskolan vid Linnéuniversitetet, redovisning, 4FE03E

     

    Bakgrund: Idag är redovisning av hållbarhet vedertaget hos många företag och fler och fler företag väljer att frivilligt redovisa sitt hållbarhetsarbete. Ökningen av hållbarhetsredovisningen kan ses som ett sätt för företagen att tillmötesgå det ökade trycket i samhället på hållbarhetsfrågor. Samhällets förväntningar på företagen kan enligt Agenda Setting Theory påverkas av vilka frågor som uppmärksammas i media.

     

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att förklara utvecklingen av hållbarhetsredovisning över tid det senaste decenniet i börsnoterade större bolag. Fokus ligger speciellt på om de samhälleliga förväntningarna utifrån medias rapportering påverkar omfattningen och innehållet i företagets hållbarhetsredovisning.

     

    Metod: Studien har utgått från en deduktiv ansats där hypoteser formulerats utifrån befintliga teorier. Den kvalitativa delen är baserad på fallstudier där intervjuer och granskning av års- och hållbarhetsredovisningar genomförts. I den kvantitativa delen tillämpades en longitudinell design.  En innehållsanalys har genomförts där det empiriska materialet har samlats in från börsnoterade bolag på Nasdaq OMX Large Cap listans års- och hållbarhetsredovisningar samt från rikstäckande tidningar.

     

    Resultat/Slutsatser: Företagens redovisning av hållbarhetsområdena socialt, miljö och ekonomi via års- och hållbarhetsredovisningar har ökat över tiden. Även i media har en ökning av rapporteringen kring dessa ämnen skett. Från 2002 till 2010 har redovisningen gått från att främst vara fokuserad på miljö till att ha en jämnare fördelning kring hållbarhetsområdena. Det finns även ett samband mellan medias rapportering i tidningar och företagens omfattning av hållbarhetsredovisningen. Dock finns inget som tyder på att det finns ett signifikant samband mellan medias rapportering och innehållet i företagens hållbarhetsredovisningar. Av de olika faktorer som har undersökts har storlek, bransch, ägarstruktur och tid en påverkan på hur starkt sambandet är mellan medias rapportering och företagens omfattning av hållbarhetsredovisningen.

     

  • 8156.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Internationella handelshögskolan.
    Johansson, Anders W.Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.Johannisson, BengtLinnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.Melin, LeifInternationella handelshögskolan, Jönköping.Nordqvist, MattiasInternationella handelshögskolan.
    Familjeföretagande: affärer och känslor2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 8157.
    Brundin, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Åtskildheten: En lacansk läsning av Birgitta Trotzigs roman Sjukdomen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8158.
    Brundin, Natalie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Gerxhaliu, Liri
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Dans och drama i pedagogiskt arbete?: En kvalitativ studie om drama och dans i förhållande till barns utveckling och lärande i förskolan2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att beskriva hur några pedagoger i sitt arbete upplever dramats och dansens inverkan på barns utveckling och lärande i förskolan. Utifrån detta syfte ställs en forskningsfråga så att en djupare förståelse för undersökningen kan bildas. För att besvara forskningsfrågan gjordes kvalitativa intervjuer med fem olika pedagoger som var insatta i ämnet. Vår studies teoretiska utgångspunkt är Lev Vygotskijs sociokulturella teori på lärande som grundar sig på att att allt lärande sker i gemenskap med andra. Studiens resultat visar att pedagogerna såg många fördelar i arbetet med drama och dans, till exempel gynnar dessa uttrycksformer barns självkänsla vilket är viktigt för att kreativiteten ska växa och detta är en förutsättning för barns utveckling och lärande.

  • 8159.
    Brundin, Olof
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Matvanornas påverkan i skolan2009Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study I wanted to examine if a missed school lunch could affect students cognitive ability. The students were in the age of 15-16 years old. Previous studies show that there is a significant connection between glucose and cognitive ability and from those I have based my theory. For this thesis a randomized experiment have been used where the participants were divided into two groups one experiment- and one control group. The experiment group was not supposed to eat anything after 10.00 am prior to the testing and the control group was permitted to eat as normal. Before the test the students answered a form about their food hab-its, school motivation and grades so I could see if their food habits could affect their grades. After that the students were tested in their cognitive ability at 13.15 pm trough a cognitive test constructed by me. The experiment didn’t show any significant difference between the ex-periment group and the control group. One interesting connection was however found be-tween the student’s food habits and their grades, students that ate more regularly had signifi-cant better grades.

  • 8160.
    Brundin, Sarah
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Axelsson, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    När det inte längre brister i omsorgen: En diskursstudie gällande tillräcklig föräldraförmåga vid bedömning om LVU-vårdens upphörande2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish authorities have the responsibility to protect children from bad caring. In the Swedish welfare system it is possible to take a child out of its original home when there is a suspicion about a child being maltreated. The Swedish law regarding The Compulsory Care of Young Persons Act, LVU, legalize this intervention. When using this intervention, the parents of the child are not seen as giving the child a ”good enough” care. The expression ”good enough”, or ”tillräcklig föräldraförmåga” is well known and used throughout the social care system, even though there is no actual definition of what ”good enough”-parenting entails. Instead it is up to the social worker who is in charge of the investigation of a child’s wellbeing to make the decision if the”good enough”-parenting exist in every individually case. In this study ten court orders have been viewed with the purpose of finding, and examine, a discourse of ”good enough”-parenting. In these specific court cases the parents have requested to be reunited with their children who have previously been removed from their home under the law). In search of this discourse, we found that the complexity of finding a definition of what is seen as ”good enough”, are harder than we expected. Even though the authorities in Sweden have the same law to build upon, the result of the ten court orders shows that the investigators have a big capacity to self-interpret what is ”good enough”. The outcome of the investigations that eventually end up in court have all distinguished a different definition of what is ”good enough”. This results in different kinds of determinations for something that is supposed to be interpreted in a similar way to preserve the rule of law.

    Keywords

    ”Good enough”-parenting, ”good enough”,  The Compulsory Care of Young Persons Act (LVU), decision making process, interpretative prerogative.

     

    Nyckelord

    Tillräcklig föräldraförmåga, tillräcklig, lagen med särskilda bestämmelser om vård av unga, LVU, beslutsprocess, tolkningsföreträde.

  • 8161.
    Brundtke, Jasmin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Going international - firm internationalization support and the relevance of business networks: A comparison between Germany and Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Globalization is well known in the business world and more and more firms, especially larger ones, are expanding into other countries. Though SMEs represent the largest share with about 99% of firms contributing to the wealth of import or export reliant countries, the majority is not taking the chance to grow by going international. It seems that the internationalization barriers play a crucial role in hindering this process wherefore this thesis aims at collecting possible support providers and activities which are aiding SMEs to overcome these barriers. More specifically is this thesis mainly offering an in-depth summary on major support organizations, firms and networks in Germany and Sweden including their specific activities of assistance.

    Purpose: The purpose of this master thesis is to describe and compare the internationalization support providers in Germany and Sweden including their respective offered activities.

    Method: A qualitative and inductive research approach was used in this study, following a practice-oriented, descriptive case study. Data was collected through secondary data collection and the analysis was based on content analysis including coding.

    Results: In Germany the main services offered are networking, market research and financing assistance, while mobility aid and training is rather rare. In Sweden in comparison training is highly provided as well as market research and networking assistance, whereas marketing and strategy enhancement plus mobility and implementation assistance are uncommon.

    Conclusion: Since each firm has individual needs, it was refrained from a standardized valuation. Therefore, each firm is advised to use the information provided in the appendices to quickly find service providers suitable to their requirements.

  • 8162.
    Brunne, Tone
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Tauriainen, Nathalie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Mediekoncentration i Sverige: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av Dagens Nyheter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bonnier is one of the largest media companies in the Nordic. Because of their strong position in the market, they have an opportunity to influence the media landscape in Sweden. Due to the affects of media concentration, we wanted to find out if Bonniers concentrated ownership changes the outcome of news in the swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter. Through an quantitive content analysis, we examined how Dagens Nyheter writes news about the two swedish TV-channels TV4 and SVT. Since Bonnier is the owner of both Dagens Nyheter and TV4, it was interesting to see if the news about the two channels somehow differ. Our results indicate that there where no major differences in how the two channels were represented in Dagens Nyheter. Although, the newspaper seems to put more focus on the TV4-profiles, as well as they use more pictures for the articles about TV4. According to the results of this study, our conclusion is that media concentration is not yet a threat to the media landscape in Sweden, at least not when it comes to the cross-ownership of TV-channels and newspaper. 

  • 8163.
    Brunni, Marita
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Lindström, Pia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Professionella samtal i specialpedagogens yrkesroll2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8164.
    Brunnqvist, Kerstin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Lindskog, Ylva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Den lärande leken: Förskolebarns lek sett ur pedagogernas synvinkel2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8165. Brunold, S.
    et al.
    Carlsson, Bo
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Möller, K.
    Measurements of environmental stress conditions and evaluation for service life prediction2004In: Performance and durability assessment: optical materials for solar thermal systems / [ed] Michael Köhl, B. Carlsson, G. J. Jorgensen,and A. W. Czanderna, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2004, 1, p. 101-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8166. Brunold, S
    et al.
    Frei, U
    Carlsson, Bo
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Möller, K
    Köhl, M
    Accelerated Life Testing of Solar Absorber Coatings –Testing Procedure and Results2000In: Solar Energy, Vol. 68Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8167. Brunold, S
    et al.
    Frei, U
    Carlsson, Bo
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Möller, K
    Köhl, M
    Round Robin on Accelerated Life Testing of Solar Absorber Surface Durability2000In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 61, p. 238-254Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8168. Brunold, S
    et al.
    Frei, U
    Carlsson, Bo
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Möller, K
    Köhl, M
    Tröscher, T
    Results of a round robin on accelerated testing of absorber surface1998In: Proc. of conference Eurosun ’98, Slovenia, 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8169. Brunold, S
    et al.
    Köhl, M
    Möller, K
    Carlsson, Bo
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Accelerated indoor testing2004In: Performance and durability assessment: optical materials for solar thermal systems / [ed] Michael Köhl, B. Carlsson, G. J. Jorgensen,and A. W. Czanderna, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2004, 1, p. 175-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8170.
    Brunosson, Ann-Sofie
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    "Verktygslådan": En studie av metaforer i en matematikbok för år 92006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens huvudsakliga syfte är att inventera och beskriva metaforer i ett algebrakapitel i matematikboken Matte Direkt år 9. Metaforerna i texten har excerperats, kategoriserats och slutligen delats in i ordklasser.

    Det förekommer i genomsnitt sex metaforer per sida i kapitlet och de är uteslutande inaktiva. Några av dessa kan dessutom räknas till de två begreppsliga metaforerna matematiska funktioner är maskiner och kunskap är verktyg. De inaktiva metaforerna representeras främst av verb (59 procent) och substantiv (31 procent), som är öppna ordklasser, innehållsord och bär fram metaforer.

    Metaforerna fungerar, tillsammans med andra faktorer, konkretiserande på matematikämnet, vilket främjar elevers förståelse. I det analyserade materialet är metaforernas funktion främst pedagogisk genom deras konkretisering av ett abstrakt område inom matematiken.

  • 8171.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    ‘A fragment of the world’: An interview with Petra Bauer2017In: Journal of Scandinavian Cinema, ISSN 2042-7891, E-ISSN 2042-7905, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 189-193Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 8172.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Hamburg University, Germany ; Halmstad University.
    Allegory, Performativity, and Intervention: The Function of Travelogues in a Contested Space. A comment on Charlotte Tornbjer2009In: Borders as Experience / [ed] KG Hammarlund, Halmstad: Halmstad University , 2009, p. 201-215Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8173.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Halmstad University.
    Amateur home movies and the archive of migration: Sandhya Suri's I for India (2005)2010In: Tourists and Nomads. Amateur Images of Migration. Second Interdisciplinary Conference on Amateur Images 22 – 24 April 2010, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Encompassing 40 years of immigrant life in Britain, Sandhya Suri’s filmic essay I for India (2005) is a collage of amateur home movies, British newsreels as well as film stock shot by the director herself. The home movie footage was filmed by Suri’s father who came to Britain as an immigrant doctor in the 1960s and who exchanged super8-films andaudio reels as cine-letters about his new life with his family in India. After having rediscovered the material on the attic of her family home, Sandhya Suri transformed it into her graduate thesis film at the The National Film and Television School in London. Dealing with memory, nostalgia and migrant experiences in Britain, I for India establishes a counter-history to the hegemonic national discourse in which migrant experiences are marginalized, objectified or rendered invisible.My paper is going to examine the role of the amateur footage for reflecting on the ontology of the image and the materiality of the different film formats. How does the reception of the footage change in the course of its dissemination? In what way does the filmic montage in I for India contribute to challenging the dominant media discourse on Asians in Britain? I would like to argue that the amateur footage helps to counter the ethnographic, Eurocentric gaze on the new citizens and subverts the hegemonic use of images of migrants as a means of control and classification (Alan Sekula) or as a weapon (Susan Sontag). How do the amateur images migrate into the collective (national) visual archive? Finally, the example of I for India might also show that Zygmunt Bauman’s binary opposition between tourists and nomads needs to be complicated.

  • 8174.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Halmstad University ; Hamburg University, Germany.
    Amateur Home Movies and the Archive of Migration: Sandhya Suri's I for India (UK, 2005)2012In: Tourists & Nomads: Amateur Images of Migration / [ed] Sonja Kmec, Viviane Thill, Marburg: Jonas Verlag , 2012, p. 153-160Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8175.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    "And the Winner Is...": The Hamburg EUFA Jury Meetings2017In: Alphaville: Journal of Film and Screen Media, ISSN 2009-4078, no 14, p. 214-218Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8176.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Kontext & kulturgränser (KK).
    Archiv und Gedächtnis im autobiografischen Film: Maria Langs experimentelles Home Movie Familiengruft. Liebesgedicht an meine Mutter (BRD, 1981/82)2013In: material, experiment, archiv: Experimentalfilme von Frauen / [ed] Annette Brauerhoch, Florian Krautkrämer & Anke Zechner, Berlin: b_books , 2013, 1, p. 89-111Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8177.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Hamburg University, Germany ; Halmstad University.
    Archival practice as counter memory: Preserving the cultural heritage of independent video workshops2011In: NECS (European Network for Cinema and Media Studies) – The London Conference, Sonic Futures: Soundscapes and the Languages of Screen Media, University of London, June 23-26, 2011, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8178.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Archival tactics and queer vulnerability: Curating access to audiovisual heritage in Europe2018In: media tactics and engagement, The NECS 2018 Conference: Amsterdam, Netherlands. June 27-29, 2018, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How can heritage institutions deal with the challenges of diversity policies and possibly work as an intervention into hegemonic memory? This paper looks at the dynamics of recognition and queer visibility in audiovisual heritage. Setting out to examine on what terms queer lives are made visible, it analyses how national film archives in Sweden and the UK acknowledge queer vulnerability when following their diversity policies. This approach positions the archive into an object of analysis, shifting the focus on the archive as a site of knowledge retrieval to a site of knowledge production (Foucault 1972, Stoler 2002). Instead of looking at ways of including minorities as a priori identities, I suggest studying the processes of regulation according to which different lifestyles and experiences become ‘acknowledgeable’ (Schaffer 2008, Thomas et al 2017). These archival practices include the choice of metadata, the modes of selection for public screenings and online exhibition as well as the curation and contextualisation of online content. The case studies will be ‘The BFI Player’, the online portal of the British Film Institute, and the Swedish website ‘Filmarkivet.se’, which has created access to some of the digitised collections from the Swedish National Film Archives, administered by the Swedish Film Institute (SFI) and the Royal Library (KB).

  • 8179.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Archiving AIDS activist video: A conversation with Jim Hubbard2018In: A Visual History of AIDS: Exploring the Face of AIDS film archive / [ed] Elisabet Björklund, Mariah Larsson, London & New York: Routledge, 2018, p. 183-190Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8180.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Halmstad University ; Hamburg University, Germany.
    Before YouTube and Indymedia: Cultural memory and the archive of video collectives in Germany in the 1970s and 1980s2012In: Studies in European Cinema, ISSN 1741-1548, E-ISSN 2040-0594, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 171-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collective film-making practice in Germany is still a blind spot in film historiography. During the 1970s and 1980s independent film and video workshops established a nationwide network to provide ‘counter information’ (Negt/Kluge) in order to challenge dominant media representations. Therefore, the works of the video collectives can become a relevant source for historians and journalists alike. While the videos can be perceived as an important contribution to left-wing cultural memory, this memory of the various media practices of the last decades is currently fading away. The videotapes slowly disintegrate and as digitization is costly and time-consuming, many video productions will not survive. This has consequences not only for historiography, but also for the visual iconography of cultural memory. This article focuses on the archival practice of three workshops in Hamburg, the stronghold for German independent film-making after 1968: the Medienpädagogikzentrum (Centre for Media Pedagogy, 1973–), bildwechsel (1979–), the umbrella organization for women in media, culture and art, and die thede (1980–), an association of documentary film-makers. The examples show how archival practice can be conceptualized not only as part of the hegemonic national archive alone, but also as an act of counter-memory.

  • 8181.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Between Remembering and Forgetting: The Archive and Cultural Memory2018In: Archiving the Unarchivable – Das Unarchivierbare archivieren: 22.–24.11.2018, Kassel: Documenta Archiv , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of the ‘archival turn’ the digitization of archival collections has been regarded as an important means of countering forgetting, especially in view of analog film stock and videotapes slowly decaying. But has digitization become a hollow promise? Can long-term preservation really be granted? The initial optimism has been challenged by the increasing number of data cemeteries, too. These are due to short-lived digitization projects, which are lacking sustainable planning. And to add, archival storage alone does not automatically contribute to cultural memory. Instead, archival holdings need to be circulated again, preferably in various media environments, in order to feed into our constantly changing, dynamic cultural memory. This keynote address will explore the relation between memory and forgetting in the archive. Advocating for sustainable archival projects, it will discuss the impact of materiality (e.g. paper, videotapes and digital data). Looking at media specificity involves the question of what gets lost in media transformation, for example in video documentations of performance art or expanded cinema. Situating itself within recent trends in cultural memory studies, the talk will outline the challenges and possibilities of today’s archival practice. Drawing on a number of case studies from the documenta archive as well as other heritage institutions, it will present ways of curating access to digitized collections. Different modes of access allow for a re-circulation of the archive, thus providing ways of constructing cultural heritage and memory.

  • 8182.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Beyond Boundaries I: Im Gespräch mit Monika Treut2018In: Queer Cinema / [ed] Dagmar Brunow, Simon Dickel, Mainz: Ventil Verlag , 2018, p. 125-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8183.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Beyond Boundaries II: Im Gespräch mit Angelina Maccarone2018In: Queer Cinema / [ed] Dagmar Brunow, Simon Dickel, Mainz: Ventil Verlag , 2018, p. 189-197Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8184.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Halmstad University.
    Black diasporic filmmaking and the political aesthetics of anti-essentialism2011In: 9th International Conference of the Collegium for African American Research, "Black States of Desire: Dispossession, Circulation, Transformation", Université Paris Diderot-Paris 7, April 6-9, 2011, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fact that Black artists are quite often pigeonholed as spokespersons of Black experience is due to a mimetic understanding of art. Using examples from 1980s Black British diasporic filmmaking I would like to shift the analytical focus from representation and mimesis towards art as interventionist practice. The mysterious deaths of young Black men in police custody form the point of departure for an exploration of memory and mourning in Mysteries in July (Black Audio Film Collective, 1991). Additionally, the Sankofa film collective's Territories (1985) is an exploration of urban space, historiography, heterotopia and Black masculinities, while practices of surveillance and the framing of Blacks via media discourses are addressed in Handsworth Songs (Black Audio Film Collective 1986). These filmic essays, instead of looking at the black male as a given social problem, reflect on its construction through discourses of media and governmentality.

    Rather than creating a counter-discourse, these films abstain from trying to depict events "as they really happened". Instead, they deconstruct the hegemonic media discourse through the use of self-reflexive means. While counter practices often assume a unified essentialist stand (as in concepts of Afrocentrism and négritude, for example) I would suggest that in 1980s diasporic Black British filmmaking self-reflexivity is employed as a strategy which might be able to solve a notion of "strategic essentialism" (Spivak). Filmmaking thus serves as an epistemological tool to deal with the gaps, fissures and absences in the national visual archive and in hegemonic historiography while at the same time defying notions of homogeneity and authenticity. The use of self-reflexivity enables the films to reflect on modes of exclusion of the Black subject from hegemonic discourses on the ontology of the image and on the filmic apparatus. To sum up, my paper outlines auteurist strategies of dealing with the exclusion of both the official canon and of the collective visual archive of the nation.

  • 8185.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Hamburg University, Germany.
    Bollywood im Zeitalter der Globalisierung: eine transnationale Perspektive auf populäres Hindikino2013In: Kunst als Avantgarde einer Weltkultur? Muthesius Kunsthochschule, Kiel/Kunsthalle Kiel, 6-8 juni 2013., 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Das populäre Hindikino, schon immer hybrid, ist seit den 1990er Jahrenein globales Phänomen. Die Ausrichtung auf ein internationales Publikumhat Konsequenzen für die Produktion, Ästhetik und Distribution derFilme. Inwiefern kann eine transnationale Perspektive dem WandelBollywoods vom Kino zur Kulturindustrie (Rajadhyaksha) Rechnung tragen?Der Beitrag untersucht veränderte Distributionsbedingungen, lokaleRezeptionen und Aneignungen sowie Bollywoods globale Fankultur.

  • 8186.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Hamburg University, Germany.
    Bollywood im Zeitalter der Globalisierung: eine transnationale Perspektive auf populäres Hindikino2013In: Kunst als Avantgarde einer Weltkultur?, Muthesius Kunsthochschule, Kiel / Kunsthalle Kiel, Kiel, Germany, 6-8 June, 2013, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Das populäre Hindikino, schon immer hybrid, ist seit den 1990er Jahren ein globales Phänomen. Die Ausrichtung auf ein internationales Publikum hat Konsequenzen für die Produktion, Ästhetik und Distribution der Filme. Inwiefern kann eine transnationale Perspektive dem Wandel Bollywoods vom Kino zur Kulturindustrie (Rajadhyaksha) Rechnung tragen? Der Beitrag untersucht veränderte Distributionsbedingungen, lokale Rezeptionen und Aneignungen sowie Bollywoods globale Fankultur.

  • 8187.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature. Södertörn University.
    Conceptualising essay film research: canon formations between transnational film studies and "strategic auteurism"2015In: World Cinema and the Essay Film, Reading, 30 april-2 maj 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While publications on the essay film have hitherto focussed on white male filmmaking, thereby perpetuating Romanticism’s patriarchal, logocentric myth of the (male) genius, essay film research needs to broaden its scope to include female directors and/or directors-of-colour. Inclusive gestures alone, however, cannot challenge dominant canon constructions and their inherent dominance of the ‘usual suspects’, such as Resnais, Marker, Godard, or Farocki. Conceptualisations of World cinema (Chaudhuri 2005, Durovicova/Newman 2010, Nagib/Perriam/Dudrah 2012) and European cinema through a transnational perspective (Elsaesser 2005, Bergfelder 2005) can add new dimensions to essay film research, denouncing auteurism as one of the major points of reference for global film practice. However, a director's status as an auteur is still crucial for his or her critical reception, and as a result, for canon formation and its repercussions on film historiography. Conceptualising a film as an essay film can liberate it from a reductive critical reception as an expression of a minoritarian position. Using the example of John Akomfrah, my paper develops the concept of 'strategic auteurism', examining boththe self-fashioning of a filmmaker and his/her conceptualisation by curators and film scholars alike.

  • 8188.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Countering Amnesia and Forgetting: Reworking Cultural Memory around the Victims of Right-Wing Violence2017In: Doing Memory and Right-Wing Violence in Mediated Public Spheres: Workshop : 15.–16.10.2017, Fürstensaal, Schloss Hohentübingen, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8189.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Creating heritage and memory: digital film archives as sites of knowledge production2017In: From Dust to Dawn : Archival Studies After the Archival Turn: Uppsala 15–17 November 2017, Uppsala University, 2017, p. 13-13Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Situated at the intersection of archivology, film studies and memory studies, my paper offers critical perspectives on the archive as a site of knowledge production. It investigates the construction of audiovisual heritage in digital film archives, based on my research project “The Cultural Heritage of Moving Images” (VR, 2016–2018). Drawing on theorizations of the archive by Foucault and Derrida, I regard the archive as an agent in its own right. In order to challenge the ongoing tendencies in film studies to focus on the preservation of film stock, my talk will foreground the role of the archivist as a curator. In my paper I will examine the use of metadata for the creation of a polyvocal cultural memory.

  • 8190.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Halmstad University ; Hamburg University, Germany.
    Cultural Memory as Counter Historiography: The Archival Practice of German Video Collectives2011In: The XXIV IAMHIST Conference (The International Association for Media and History), 6-10 July 2011, Copenhagen, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8191.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Curating Access: Digital Archives, Heritage and Diversity2016In: The NECS 2016 Conference in/between : cultures of connectivity: 10th Annual NECS Conference July 26-30, 2016, Potsdam, Germany, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8192.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Curating Access to Audiovisual Heritage: Cultural Memory and Diversity in European Film Archives2017In: Image [&] Narrative, ISSN 1780-678X, E-ISSN 1780-678X, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 97-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Archives, just like museums or libraries, are agents which contribute to the creation of our cultural memory. Inextricably linked to the notion of cultural heritage, they highlight some narratives, while sidelining or excluding others. Therefore it is important to critically reflect on the question “whose heritage” (Stuart Hall) is created in the process of archiving. This article looks at the politics of creating access to audiovisual heritage in European film archives via online video streaming opportunities. Examining audiovisual archives as agents in the construction of transnational memories, my research aims to provide new ways of reflecting on diversity practices in archival selection. As case study, this article examines the archival politics of the national film archives in Sweden, especially the way archivists are curating the site Filmarkivet.se.

  • 8193.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature. Hamburgs universitet, Germany ; Södertörns högskola.
    Dagmar Brunow läser Laura Mulvey: Mulvey reloaded - den manliga blicken och feministiskt filmskapande2013In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 4, p. 64-67Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 8194.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Das Archiv als Akteur: Videoarchive und die Mediatisierung des kulturellen Gedächtnisses2015In: Geschichte(n), Repräsentationen, Fiktionen – Medienarchive als Gedächtnis- und Erinnerungsorte Filmarchiv Austria, Wien, 7-8 maj 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Angesichts des archival turns in der Kunst (Enwezor 2008), des insbesondere im Kunstkontext ausgebrochenen “Archive Fevers” (Derrida 1995) und der regen Debatte um den Einfluss der Digitalisierung auf das Medium Film – und damit auch auf Bewahrung, Restaurierung, Distribution und Kuratieren von Film sowie seine Vorführung (Bohn 2013, Fossati 2009, Cherchi Usai et al 2008) vermag es zu überraschen, wie wenig die kulturwissenschaftliche Gedächtnisforschung sich bislang der Frage nach dem Archiv gewidmet hat. So wurde der Archivbegriff bislang vornehmlich in Bezug auf schriftliche, textbasierte Formen thematisiert (Assmann 1999), und nur in wenigen Fällen in Hinblick auf audiovisuelle Medien (VanDijck 2007, von Keitz/Weber 2012). In den Filmwissenschaften wurde die Arbeit von Filmarchiven vor allem unter dem Aspekt der Bewahrung, Restaurierung und Digitalisierung von Film untersucht (Frick 2011, Fossati 2009, Cherchi Usai et al 2008), weniger jedoch, wie es jüngst die Medienarchäologie vorschlägt, als eigener Akteur, dessen Entscheidungen – Metadaten, kuratorische Entscheidungen – angesichts von Auswahlprozessen einer kritischen Analyse zu unterziehen sind (Ernst 2007, Parikka 2012).

    Mein Vortrag plädiert zum einen für eine (Wieder-)Einführung des Archivbegriffs in die Gedächtnisforschung und dafür, die Materialität und diskursive Verfasstheit des Archivs zusammenzudenken. Insofern ist die im Zuge der Rezeption von Derridas „Archive Fever“ vorgenommene Zweiteilung von dem Archiv (als diskursivem Konstrukt) und den Archiven (als konkrete Archive) eher heuristisch zu verstehen, hat doch die Medienspezifik des “Archivs” komplexe Auswirkungen auf das kulturelle Gedächtnis. Daher richtet mein Beitrag die Aufmerksamkeit auf die Verschränkung von Materialität und Diskursivität bei Medienarchiven. Am Beispiel der Medienspezifik und diskursiven Verfasstheit von kulturellem Gedächtnis auf Video werden die Wechselbeziehungen und Verschränkungen von Medialität und Diskurs veranschaulicht. Meine These lautet, dass die Arbeit europäischer Videokollektive eine wichtige Quelle für die Medien- und Geschichtswissenschaften gleichermaßen bedeutet, dass aber viele dieser Quellen aufgrund der prekären Materiallage der Videobänder im Verschwinden begriffen sind. Untersucht wird dies am Beispiel der Archivpraxis dreier Hamburger Film- und Videokollektive (Medienpädagogikzentrum, Bildwechsel und die thede), die in den 1970er bzw. 1980er Jahren ihre Arbeit aufgenommen haben und bis heute existieren. Der Beitrag, der ein völlig vergessenes Stück Mediengeschichte in den Fokus der Betrachtung rückt, zeigt einmal mehr die Notwendigkeit einer medienspezifischen Betrachtungsweise für die kulturwissenschaftliche Gedächtnisforschung wie für die Archivtheorie gleichermaßen.

  • 8195.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Decolonizing audiovisual heritage in Europe: Migrant and diasporic lives in national film archives2018In: Global Challenges 2018 : Borders, Populism and the Postcolonial Condition - An international conference on critical theory, postcoloniality, migration and populism: Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden, 14-16 June 2018, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We cannot speak of the past without the archive, Stuart Hall famously stated. The archive, now a buzzword in the arts and humanities, cannot be conceptualised without taking power relations into account (Foucault, Derrida, Stoler). In his keynote “Whose Heritage” (1999), Hall points at the hegemonic whiteness and at the interests of the middle class invested in the creation of heritage and memory in the UK. In recent years, many heritage institutions in Europe have started to emphasize the (albeit problematic) notion of “diversity” as a fundamental requirement for their work. However, when it comes to the impact of digitisation on audiovisual heritage, a post-colonial perspective is still missing. This paper, which is part of my research project “The Cultural Heritage of Moving Images” (financed by the Swedish Research Council, 2016-18), looks at the ways national film archives in the UK and Sweden try to face the challenges involved in carving out a discursive space for migrant and diasporic memories. Arguing that it is not enough to merely “insert” these memories into the hegemonic narrative, it will discuss ways of decentering the audiovisual heritage of the nation. My paper will look at archival approaches to avoiding essentialism and dealing with the politics of representation in film images into which a colonial gaze is already inscribed. How can the colonial gaze be foregrounded (or subverted) when creating access to film collections through online curation? This paper argues for the need of the archivists to take a self-reflexive stand which highlights the role of the archive as an agent in its own right.

  • 8196.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Halmstad University ; Hamburg University, Germany.
    Deconstructing Essentialism and Revising Historiography: The Function of Metareference in Black British Filmmaking2011In: The Metareferential Turn in Contemporary Arts and Media: Forms, Functions, Attempts at Explanation / [ed] Werner Wolf, Katharina Bantleon, Jeff Thoss, New York: Rodopi, 2011, p. 341-355Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes the function of the metareferential turn in black British filmmaking of the 1980s. Metaisation is here a result of the impact of European art cinema (Godard, Paradjanov, Kluge) as well as of Third Cinema practice and of the ‘essay film’ represented by Alain Resnais, Chris Marker and Jean-Luc Godard. Using the examples of Handsworth Songs and Seven Songs for Malcolm X by the Black Audio Film Collective, directed by John Akomfrah, as well as Isaac Julien’s Looking for Langston and The Attendant, this article outlines five functions of metareference. First, it can be regarded as a means to counter and reflect on the absences in the visual archive in Britain and of questioning the master narrative of British historiography. Second, it is used as a way of transgressing the boundaries of representation and of escaping the fruitless debate about negative and positive stereotypes. Third, metaisation is employed as an artistic strategy in order to inscribe oneself as an auteur into film historiography. Fourth, it can be regarded as a means of escaping the critical label of the social realist filmmaker who deals with the representation of black experiences. Finally, metaisation contributes to a reconceptualisation of the works in terms of both media theory and the essay film.

  • 8197.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Halmstad University.
    Deconstructing essentialism: metareference as aesthetic strategy in Black British filmmaking2009In: ”The Metareferential Turn in Contemporary Arts and Media: Forms, Functions and Attempts at Explanation”, Graz, Austria , 1-3 October, 2009, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8198.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Halmstad University.
    Deconstructing representation: Handsworth Songs as media criticism and filmic intervention2009In: Screen Studies Conference: ”Screen Theorising Today”, Glasgow, Scotland, 3-5 July, 2009, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8199.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature. Södertörn University.
    Den rörliga bildens kulturarv: Minne, arkiv och videoband2016In: Minne, medier och materialitet / [ed] Johan Hegardt, Trond Lundemo, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2016, 1, p. 57-75Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8200.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Denken als Aktivismus: Stuart Hall zwischen Popkultur und Politik2015In: Stuart Hall: Aktivismus, Pop und Politik / [ed] Dagmar Brunow, Mainz: Ventil Verlag , 2015, p. 11-17Chapter in book (Other academic)
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