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  • 1.
    Aaby, Jacqueline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    ¿La motivación es importante, o no…?: Una investigación sobre la motivación en los pasos 1 y 3 de ELE del instituto sueco 2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2.
    Abdulaian, Sheyda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Att motivera till läsning: En studie utifrån fem grundskollärares perspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This study examines the approaches used by teachers to motivate their pupils to read and investigates what underlying factors they claim may explain why pupils feel no motivation to read. The study was conducted from the perspective of five active teachers, with data collection by interview. The study found that the interviewed teachers use psychological support as well as structured teaching such as reading aloud and book talks, along with a varied range of methods, to motivate their pupils to read. The interviewed teachers state that there must be motivation if a pupil is to become a good reader, and it is very important that pupils receive support from adults, both at home and in school. According to the teachers, pupils lose motivation if they are given texts that are too difficult for them to understand, or if other stimuli motivate them more than reading does. The attitude of parents or guardians to reading is also emphasized as significant for motivation, and hence for pupils’ reading development.

  • 3.
    Abdulaian, Sheyda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Att motivera till läsning: En studie utifrån fem grundskollärares perspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 240 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the approaches used by teachers to motivate their pupils to read and investigates what underlying factors they claim may explain why pupils feel no motivation to read. The study was conducted from the perspective of five active teachers, with data collection by interview. The study found that the interviewed teachers use psychological support as well as structured teaching such as reading aloud and book talks, along with a varied range of methods, to motivate their pupils to read. The interviewed teachers state that there must be motivation if a pupil is to become a good reader, and it is very important that pupils receive support from adults, both at home and in school. According to the teachers, pupils lose motivation if they are given texts that are too difficult for them to understand, or if other stimuli motivate them more than reading does. The attitude of parents or guardians to reading is also emphasized as significant for motivation, and hence for pupils’ reading development.

  • 4.
    Abdurahmanovic, Dzenana
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    ”Det beror ju på vad man vill lägga i ordet register”  Petra Stenkula    : En studie av polisens externa kriskommunikation i samband med romregistret2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel                                   

    ”Det beror ju på vad man vill lägga i ordet register” Petra Stenkula

    En fallstudie av polisens externa kriskommunikation i samband med romregistret

     

    Syfte             

    Syftet är att lämna ett bidrag till den svenska forskningen om kriskommunikation men även att bidra till den svenska samhällsdebatten om polisen som en central rättsmyndighet och deras hantering av romregisterkrisen.

     

    Metod          

    Via en kvalitativ metod analysers nyheter publicerade på polisens webbplats och polisens presskonferenser utifrån de valda teoretiska ramarna inom ämnet kriskommunikation.

     

    Resultat        

    Polisens kriskommunikation framstår som väldigt strategilös, under hela krisen ägnar sig polisen åt                               informationsinsamling för att förstår krisen och få en överblick över situationen men under tiden glömmer                     de den strategiska delen. Polisen är väldigt restriktiv i sin kriskommunikation, på webbplatsen är nyhetspubliceringarna rörande romregistret väldigt korta och konkreta, vissa är rena informationsanvisningar. Polisen förde även en inkonsekvent kriskommunikation, när Rikspolisstyrelsen pratade om analysfil som inte var i fas med lagstiftningen så pratade Skånepolisen om beslut ifrån år 2009 om tillstånd att upprätta den särskilda analysfilen. I sin kriskommunikation använder polisen många olika försvarsstrategier ifrån Corporate Apologia och Image Repair Theory. Strategierna som användes för att upprätthålla image var för många och olika för att uppfattas som trovärdiga medan polisen utförde i teorin en perfekt apologia. Polisen beklagade situationen, berättade om vilka åtgärder som skulle utföras och Justitiekanslern beslutade om kompensation till de drabbade.

     

  • 5.
    Abrahamsson, Alexander
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Musikteorins applicering på ensembleämnet: - En studie i hur gymnasieelever anser att de använder sina musikteorikunskaper praktiskt.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att undersöka i vilken utsträckning elever anser att de använde musikteoriämnet under ensemblelektioner på musiklinjen på gymnasiet, samt om och i så fall hur eleverna anser att teoretiska kunskaper påverkade deras ensemblespel. Det andra syftet var att ta reda på i vilken utsträckning elever anser att deras lärare i ensemble samtalade med dem om hur musikteorin kan användas på ensemblelektionerna. Genom enkätundersökning samlades data om detta in från elever på gymnasiet. Dessa data granskades sedan med hjälp av den sociokulturella teorin. Respondenterna svarade väldigt olika på hur vanligt det är att de själva använder musikteorin under ensemblelektionerna. Många svarade att de händer ganska ofta medan ungefär lika många svarade att det händer ganska sällan. Elevernas svar visar att när musikteorin används så sker det icke-verbalt. I en närmare granskning visade det sig att majoriteten av eleverna ansåg att de olika moment ur musikteorin enkäten frågade om används inget eller sällan under ensemblelektionen. En stor majoritet av eleverna sa själva att det dem lärde sig på musikteorilektionerna utvecklade dem som musiker och att många delar ur musikteorins kursplan var viktiga för deras spel i ensemblen. 

  • 6.
    Abrahamsson, Alexander
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Nutidens musikteori: -En undersökning av musikteorilärares metoder.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete syftar till att undersöka hur musikteorilärare på gymnasiet arbetar med ämnet musikteori genom observationer av lektioner och intervjuer med lärare. Fokus ligger på att granska utrymmet som ges till elevsamarbete, användandet av digitala verktyg samt hur lärarna relaterar ämnet till elevernas praktiska användande. Detta har undersökts genom att först observera musikteorilärare under lektionstillfällen för att hitta intressanta aspekter av deras undervisning, inspirerat av metoden grounded theory. Sedan intervjuades dessa musikteorilärare närmre om just de aspekter som ansågs intressanta. I arbetets analysdel relateras sedan lärarnas svar till en teori om lärande som kallas Collaborative learning. Inom denna teori är grupparbete, ofta assisterat med digitala verktyg mycket viktigt, vilket är relevant för detta arbete. Under intervjuerna berättade en av de två intervjuade lärarna att grupparbeten var väldigt vanliga och att digitala verktyg användes ofta i undervisningen. Den andre läraren berättade motsatsen: grupparbeten skedde sällan och digitala verktyg hade provats under lektionstillfällen, men med otillfredsställande resultat. Båda lärarna relaterade musikteoriämnet till elevernas praktiska användande.

  • 7.
    Abrahamsson, Helene
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Comment se porte le français au lycée suédois ?: Évolution du rôle des plans d’études dans l’enseignement des langues vivantes 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [fr]

    Depuis au moins 17 ans la matière scolaire la langue française baisse en popularité au lycée suédois. Pendant la même période, des sondages internationaux comme l’enquête PISA ont montré que l’école suédoise n’accomplit pas de bons résultats. C’est la politique scolaire qui par ses directives forme le développement de l’enseignement, et, par conséquent, les connaissances chez les étudiants. Les directives très importantes pour les professeurs sont les plans d’études (en suédois ämnesplaner), et ceux-ci devraient être des soutiens pour les professeurs dans leur enseignement.

    Ceci dit, comment se porte le français, une des langues vivantes?

    Dans cette étude, nous cherchons à trouver comment le plan d’études pour les langues vivantes a influencé l’enseignement du français au lycée. La méthode utilisée est qualitative et phénoménologique. Nous avons étudié un nombre de documents sur le sujet pour obtenir une image factuelle.  Pour compléter l’étude nous avons également interviewé trois professeurs avec une grande expérience de l’enseignement. L’objectif était d’obtenir leurs points de vue sur l’importance qu’ils donnent aux plans directifs.

    Les résultats ont montré que le plan d’études actuel donne aux  professeurs une grande liberté sur comment former leurs enseignements. Comme conséquence, cette possibilité est favorable aux enseignants expérimentés mais elle donne moins de soutiens aux enseignants novices.  Nous pouvons aussi constater que ce manque de cursus consultatif peut apporter un enseignement moins efficace, surtout quand le système scolaire suédois manque de professeurs diplômés. En outre, après avoir étudié  des rapports sur la situation des langues vivantes, nous avons remarqué qu’il semble y avoir un manque de volonté politique de fortifier ces langues.     

  • 8.
    Acevska, Katja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Jag tillhör en muslimsk familj men jag är inte religiös: Några ungdomars förändrade syn på sin religion i Sverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is not surprising that the massive Syrian and Afghanistan immigration three years ago, has changed their view towards Islam rules in their new identity creating. But what has been changed? That was my first question in this essay and the answers I got was rules concerned alcohol, prayer, mosque visits and food rules. All this rules requires someone to influence them to take a stand, which lead us to the next question, about how hegemony was exhibited as a factor in how my respondents answered the first question. The theory of hegemony was the analysis instrument of this study and gave me a hypothesis that hegemony probably had something to do with the change of rules, and it had. All these things that I mentioned as changed rules in their new land demands a personal asset and to be legitimized by someone who represents the hegemony.  In order for the hegemony to continue it has to be anonymous and lead for example friends or teachers. It is visible how my respondents talked about matters that had to do with how the changes where in their common sense, where probably hegemony has the strongest attachment, but also how they thought that they made own choices, was also the choice that the hegemony had done before them. Although I took into account the need to be a part of a group, here it showed how the Muslims was included in a group that only had premises from hegemony standard points. The answers for my result was given to me by six secondary school students by semi structured interviews.

     

  • 9.
    Adam, Priester
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Consume/d: Konsumtionssamhället visualiserat2017Independent thesis Basic level (Higher Education Diploma (Fine Arts)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här projektet har jag som mål att bryta ner och visualisera ämnet konsumtionssamhälle med hjälp utav motion design. Mitt syfte är att skapa förståelse, diskussion och väcka tankar kring ett samhälle som ofta tas för givet. Genom research letar jag efter starka koncept att visualisera, jag bryter ner ämnet i tre kategorier (varför, effekter, lösningar). Resultatet är ett antal animationer som ska kunna ses individuellt eller som en helhet. Jag redovisar min process och återkopplar till projektet. 

  • 10.
    Adamsdotter, Annelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Drömvandrarens dotter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ingen vet var hon kommer ifrån eller att hon snart ska spela huvudrollen i en uråldrig profetia; allra minst hon själv.

    17-åriga Amelia har aldrig passat in i Ljusets systraskap. Hon älskar spänning och äventyr, inte broderier och körsång. I flera år har hon sparat silvermynt från tjuvjaktsbyten för att börja om någon annanstans. Men så en natt träffar hon den mystiska Gabriel – vars sneda leende följer henne ända in i drömmen – och helt plötsligt förändras allt. Ingenting är längre säkert … ingenting förutom att världen som hon känner till den kommer att gå under.

  • 11.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Celt and Germans in Iron Age Europe: Imagined Communities and strategies among scholars2015In: Concurrences in postcolonial research - perspectives, methodologies, engagements, 20-23 aug, Kalmar, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Identitet och verksamhet: Hjulbärande gudinnor och attribut i mellaneuropeisk järnåldersikonografi2015In: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, Vol. 64, no 2, p. 53-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the difference between identifying and classifying attributes and analyzes the problematic implications if we confuse the two. The empirical material consists of Gallic stone reliefs depicting goddesses with a wheel as attribute. Male deities depicted with wheels have mainly been identified as a Celtic Jupiter or a male sky god sometimes called Taranis. The Gallic goddesses show that the wheel attribute was not an identifying attribute exclusive to this god, but that it rather served as a marker for an activity shared by several deities, both male and female. The articles argument that we need to distinguish between identifying and classifying attributes in order to make a source critical and methodological correct iconographical interpretation, especially when we interpret iconographical representation without the aid of any written sources.

  • 13.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Names of swords in Icelandic sagas2017In: EASR Annual Conference : Communicating Religion: University of Leuven 18-21 September 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Named weapons of different origin and purpose occur in the Old Norse mythology, and some of them are better known than others: Thor's hammer Mjolnir and Odin's spear Gungnir, just to name a few. But named weapons are also present in the more mundane Icelandic sagas, and it suggests that the practice of giving individual names to objects was something that occurred among real people in the Viking society. The named swords, spears and axes, which we can read about in the Icelandic sagas, are not portrayed as especially supernatural. They are, however, sometimes talked about in a special way and considered to be extraordinary in one way or another.What kind of name did people give to weapons, and what might have been the purposes for doing so? It is possible that some weapons told a story through their names and that they because of that also brought fame and glory to their owners. It is also conceivable, considered how some of the swords and spears are described in the Icelandic sagas, that named weapons were seen as almost life-like. This paper discusses some thoughts regarding named weapons in the sagas, the purposes for giving names, and if this practise might tell us something about how people in the Viking age viewed these named, possibly presumed life-like, objects.

  • 14.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Resension av Peter S. Wells. How the Ancient Europeans saw the World. Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times, 2012, ISBN 0-691-14338-2,  Princeton University Press2013In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 2, p. 151-152Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Adolfsson, Helen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    The British hedgerow in Sweden: Dealing with spatial differences and reader differences related to the author-reader relationship and culture-specific referents aided by a translation-oriented text analysis model2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 16.
    Adolfsson, Matilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    ”Det är som en skattjakt – var är skatten?”: En kvalitativ studie om elevers användning av lässtrategier i årskurs 32018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka vilka kognitiva och metakognitiva strategier elever i en årskurs 3 beskriver sig använda för att förstå text. Eftersom lässtrategier kan ge elever möjlighet att få förståelse för det som läses, fördjupa sig i text samt kontrollera sin läsförståelse är det angeläget att undersöka elevers användning av lässtrategier. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten för studien är modellen Reading as a Meaning-Constructed Process: The Reader (Ruddell & Unrau, 2013). Studiens material består av intervjusvar från 14 elever i en årskurs 3. Ett individuellt möte har genomförts av studiens författare med varje elev. Det individuella mötet har bestått av en läsaktivitet följt av en semistrukturerad intervju. Samtliga elevintervjuer har spelats in via röstinspelning och transkriberats. Transkriptionerna av intervjusvaren har kategoriserats i en innehållsanalys med kategorierna kognitiva strategier och metakognitiva strategier. Resultatet visar att eleverna beskriver sig använda de kognitiva strategierna att söka efter ledtrådar, göra textkopplingar och skapa inre bilder. Resultatet visar även att eleverna beskriver sig använda de metakognitiva strategierna att läsa om, läsa långsamt, läsa vidare och gå tillbaka, hoppa över och ta extern hjälp. Denna studie lyfter fram lässtrategiers betydelse för elevers läsförståelse redan i tidigare år i grundskolan samt vikten av undervisning i lässtrategier för elevers framtida skolframgångar. 

  • 17.
    Adolfsson, Matilda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Ek, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Lundin, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Lexikala drag i elevtexter: En jämförande studie av elever utan och i lässvårigheter i årskurs 32018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att synliggöra karakteristiska drag på lexikal nivå i narrativa texter skrivna av elever utan lässvårigheter samt likheter och skillnader på lexikal nivå mellan texter skrivna av elever utan och i lässvårigheter. Att undersöka skrivande på lexikal nivå hos elever utan lässvårigheter i jämförelse med elever i lässvårigheter är angeläget mot bakgrund av att både den språkliga förmågan och läsförmågan (däribland den lexikala kunskapen) utgör centrala komponenter i skrivandet. Studien tar sin teoretiska utgångspunkt i den interna processnivån i Chenoweth och Hayes (2001) modell av skrivprocessen: A Model of Written Language Production. Tjugofyra texter skrivna av elever utan lässvårigheter har analyserats utifrån fem olika mått på lexikal nivå: antal ord, lexikal densitet, adjektivdensitet, lexikal variation och andel felstavade ord. Medelvärden för dessa mått har beräknats. Som jämförelsematerial användes motsvarande lexikala mått för 40 elever i lässvårigheter i Levlin och Waldmann (2017). Statistiska analyser har genomförts för att fastställa signifikanta skillnader mellan elevgrupperna. Det övergripande resultatet som framkommer är att elever utan lässvårigheter uppvisar en högre lexikal nivå än elever i lässvårigheter. Det finns signifikanta skillnader mellan elevgrupperna för antal ord, adjektivdensitet, lexikal variation och andel felstavade ord. Lexikal densitet uppvisar däremot ingen signifikant skillnad mellan elevgrupperna. Våra resultat visar på att det är viktigt att inkludera stöttning av elevers läsförmågor i skrivundervisningen då läsförmågan är en betydande komponent i skrivutvecklingen.

  • 18.
    Adolfsson, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Oblivia: Fyra kapitel ur en oavslutad roman2017Independent thesis Basic level (Higher Education Diploma (Fine Arts)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 19.
    Adrian, Anderson
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Tystnad - talande tystnad: Luckor och möjlighetsutrymmen i Alice Munros novell "Hateship, friendship, courtship, loveship, marriage"2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 20.
    Adrian, Carl
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Holm, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    “Dead. He is Dead. God blesses America”: Den Amerikanska pressens gestaltning av kriget mot terrorism kring Usama bin Ladins död2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Almost 10 years after the attack on World Trade Center Sept. 11 2001, Osama bin Laden was shot and killed on May 2 2011 in Pakistan. How was this event framed by the media with regards to the global war on terror? This study compares two different American newspapers – the New York Times and the New York Daily News – and how they framed the war on terrorism in the Middle East from May 2 to May 15 2011. By analyzing the framing in a perspective of the four functions of framing theory: define problems, diagnose causes, make moral judgments and suggest remedies, we found considerable differences in each papers frames. Through a qualitative text analysis of the opinion pages in these two newspapers, using three themes as a base, we found a number of differences. While the New York Times contained a form of open discussion about problems and remedies, New York Daily News takes an emotional and moral approach. These differences in content may affect the opinions of the readers. We speculate that the more open and suggestive nature of the New York Times, also opens the minds of the readers enabling them to form opinions in a liberated sense. Thus the more closed, emotional and moral nature of the New York Daily News may have greater impact on an individual’s ability to form its own opinions and moral values.

  • 21.
    Adriansson, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Förstaspråks- och andraspråkselevers språkliga performans: En elevtextbedömning med performansanalysen som analysverktyg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Adriansson, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Genus & identitet i romanen Björnstad: En genusstudie med ett didaktiskt perspektiv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftade till att undersöka hur genus skildras i Fredrik Backmans roman Björnstad (2016) samt vilka didaktiska implikationer romanen har för undervisningen på gymnasial nivå. Utifrån genusperspektivet som ser begreppet genus som sociala konstruktioner studerades karaktärernas egenskaper. För analysen valdes fyra unga vuxna karaktärer i romanen, två flickor och två pojkar. För att skildra karaktärernas genus användes Nikolajevas (2017) motsatsschema över kvinnliga och manliga egenskaper hos litterära personer. Analysen påvisade både stereotypa och icke stereotypa skildringar av karaktärerna vilka påverkades av romanens intrig som gjorde att karaktärerna omvandlades från stereotypa till icke-stereotypa karaktärer. Romanen skildrar teman som kärlek, sexualitet, vänskap, makt och normer vilka är teman somkan aktualiseras i undervisningen inom ramen för ett normkritiskt arbete. Det är teman som berör ungdomar och den diskurs de befinner sig i vilket gör romanen aktuell förläsning på gymnasial nivå.

  • 23.
    Adéen, Maria-Magdalena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Folkesson, Anna
    "Att tända gnistan och få den att flamma upp": Samverkan mellan lärare och skolbibliotekarier på låg-och mellanstadiet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor thesis is to examine the collaboration between school librarians and teachers in primary school, in order to illustrate how the two professions can work together, how they see their own roles and how they look at the other professionals´ roles. We also discuss earlier studies in LIS concerning collaboration between teachers and librarians. The method of investigation is qualitative interviews with practicing school librarians and teachers, we interviewed three school librarians and three teachers from three different schools in the same county.  As a basis of the discussion and analysis Andrew Abbott's theory of professions is used. The thesis shows that collaboration differs between the schools. The difference in itself depends on the schools principal views of the school library. The professions need to develop their understanding for each other´s roles and competences in order to develop the best possible collaboration. 

  • 24.
    Agebjörn, Jennie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Stolt, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Att bygga en bro mellan två språk: En språkanalys av två matematikläromedel för årskurs 32016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to perform a linguistic analysis of mathematics textbooks. Mathematical text exercises are built up of linguistic structures which are significant for the pupil’s understanding of text exercises. Two different mathematics textbooks for grade three are analysed: Prima matematikand Tummen upp. The aim is to investigate how text exercises in mathematics textbooks are linguistically structured. The study analyses the style, form and content of the text and its relation to the reader. The result shows that the content of the text exercises is close to the pupil’s everyday reality, which ensures a close and strong relationship between the writer and the reader. Something which can entail difficulties for reading comprehension, however, is that the form consists of meaning-bearing mathematical terms which it can be difficult to relate to. Since the mathematical language and the everyday Swedish language meet in text exercises, it is important that they interact well with each other.

  • 25.
    Agebjörn, Jennie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Stolt, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Högläsning - bara att läsa högt?: En kvalitativ studie av tre lärares syn på högläsning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reading aloud is regarded in the study as an occasion where a teacher reads to pupils and where this involves both reading and conversation about what has been read. It is a learning activity in which everyone together shares an experience. Reading aloud is moreover a way to develop the pupil’s ability in reading and language. The aim of the study is to investigate teachers’ views of reading aloud in schools. Three different teachers were interviewed and observed in the study. They work at different schools in grades 1 to 3. The result is based on interpretations of interviews and observations, and it shows that relaxation and conversation ability are two main purposes of reading aloud. As regards the teachers’ methods there are similarities in the choice of book, the reading environment, and the work with the book. The result shows that the teachers see many advantages in reading aloud, but that the time aspect is significant for the extent to which they chose to work with reading aloud.

  • 26.
    Aggerstam, Madeleine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    För kunskap och kultur: En studie om folkbibliotekariers inköpsstrategier av utländsk litteratur2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis’ purpose is to investigate how purchase librarians work with foreign language collection management. Since about 15% of the citizens of Sweden are born abroad or have a foreign background, the subject of investigation becomes relevant because it touches a wide user group of the public library.

    Interviews were conducted with four librarians responsible for purchasing of foreign literature. The purpose of these interviews was to investigate which underlying strategies and thoughts are used as a basis for purchasing.

    Since the library act does not include guidelines regarding the content of the foreign literature collection, how is the literature chosen and to what purpose?

    As a theoretical framework a self-developed model was used to categorize the foreign literature into its different functions. The foreign literature was divided into two main categories; entertainment reading and literature with an informative purpose.

    To display the librarians room for interpretation factor in the purchasing of literature a theory from sociology studies was applied, the theory of room for maneuver.

    The findings in this paper have revealed that literature with the purpose to entertain was prioritized in the purchasing. Even though the libraries included multicultural activities in their organization, by prioritizing the entertainment literature the library tended to deprioritize the potential integration purpose of the literature.

    The paper also revealed that the individual responsible for the purchasing was left with a large room for interpretation, which meant that one individual had the responsibility to ensure that the literature was relevant and versatile enough for the user group.

  • 27.
    Aggerstam, Madeleine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Jordens poesi: Biophilia-hypotesen som ekokritisk läsning av Wordsworth, Coleridge och Keats2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Agnell, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Terminology and function hybridity: A functionalist approach to the translation of an art history book2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay discusses two aspects of the retention of pragmatic text functions in translation. The functionalist approach that was used focuses on achieving congruence between the author’s intended function and the perception of the reader, i.e., the target text’s actual function. The first aim was to examine whether a focus on text functions can be beneficial when translating terminology. The second aim was to investigate if a functionalist approach can be used to assure that all functions are retained for instances where the source text encompasses more than one pragmatic function. For the purposes of this study, two excerpts from Fritz Eichenberg’s art history book The Art of the Print were translated. Individual terms as well as instances where the source text segment contained one than more pragmatic function were then analyzed with the above mentioned aims in mind. It was found that a functionalist approach, in combination with a conceptual approach to terminology, was beneficial when translating terminology. It was also observed that the surrounding co-text aided in the understanding of the author’s concept. In regard to the second aim, it was found that while a functionalist approach assured that the translator was made aware of the existing functions, the translation procedures suggested were too narrow and static to be applicable to all segments.

  • 29.
    Agnes, Asker
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    a blob, a snap: A materialized revolt against the patriarchal structure, against everything women are being told to endure2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a personal project about a fed-up woman who sits down on the chair by the pottery wheel simply because she craves it. It is about conducting a non-result oriented design process. A process where the making, the closeness between the mind and hand, is both the research and mediation. It is a project that acknowledges the potential care has in relation to design, while it's dealing with the controversial aspects of a woman caring for herself. The project is a snap, a feminist snap, represented and materialized through the objects of clay. Where a collapsed bowl, a blob, becomes a materialized revolt against everything women are being told to endure. It is a project that brings design and poetry together. Aiming to explore how objects can gain agency and be in dialogue with society. How objects can materialize both the resistance against, and the result of, the patriarchal structure.

  • 30.
    Ahlander, Jonna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Stereotyper, traditioner och den normbärande aktören i Lassemajas detektivbyrå: En studie om genuskonstruktioner och maktdimensioner i 2015 års bästsäljande barnlitteratur, Fängelsemysteriet.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies five contemporary illustrated images from the 2015 bestselling children’s book Fängelsemysteriet, from the book series Lassemajas Detektivbyrå.

    The thesis examines the images in order to interpret how gender is constructed and how the power of balance is displayed through the images. Thereafter, an analysis is carried out to determine in which ways the images have been influenced by national and cultural traditions and which conceptions regarding nationality, gender and age are noticeable. The thesis aim is to critically review the norms and patterns that can frequently be found in art and children’s literature. Because the images studied are illustrations in a literature book, the written text is also taken in consideration and studied in interaction with the images which gives the essay a literature angle. The thesis primary purpose is however the image analysis and the theoretical approach is headmost gender based. Panofsky´s iconological interpretation method is crucial in order to define and identify different gender roles and power dimensions. The images contain conventional gender patterns where “male” and “female” is kept separate. Attributes, activities, roles, professions and personal qualities distinguish differences in men and women. Even if the images show a norm deviation where children are portrayed as equals, traditional and stereotype gender roles can still be distinguished. The images illustrate clichéd perceptions of nationality and community. Foreign characters are stereotypically portrayed through traits which accommodate traditional and national symbols, names that can be associated with different cultures and religions and characters are portrayed with stereotypical appearances. Throughout the book the white middle-aged man is overrepresented and appears to still be norm bearing in Sweden’s most read contemporary children’s book today.

  • 31.
    Ahlberg, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Plast i offentliga möbler2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 32.
    Ahlberg, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Kommunikation i särskolan: En kvalitativ studie om kommunikation kopplat till individanpassad musikundervisning2019Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Individualized teaching in schools with children with learning disabilities is a prerequisite, in order to be able to convey knowledge and teaching in an educational and developing way. The purpose of this study is to explore how musical communication can be used in school's with children with learning disabilities in different ways and how teachers can create an individualized teaching through this, during the music lessons. The study's result describes the interviews that have been conducted that have occurred in varied locations around Sweden with teachers in the subject area music in learning disabilities. The result presents how teachers use musical communication in their teaching and in what way the teaching is tailored to the needs of the students to become developing. The discussion that is linked to the subject of the study focuses on individual adaptation and alternative ways in which the teacher can make use of it in order to obtain an educational teaching, in which the students are given the opportunity for an in-depth understanding and a developed knowledge.

  • 33.
    Ahlberg, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Musikalisk kommunikation: - ett alternativt kommunikationsmedel för elever med funktionsnedsättning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kommunikation är en nödvändig förutsättning för att människor ska kunna samverka med andra i samhället. Skolans undervisning ska utifrån detta utgå ifrån elevens behov för att eleven ska kunna allmänbilda sig i samhället. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur musik kan användas som ett kommunikationsmedel för elever med funktionsnedsättning i undervisningen och på vilka sätt som den undervisande läraren använder sig av detta. Resultatet som presenteras redovisar genomförda intervjuer och observationer som har utförts med olika undervisande lärare i musik, på olika orter runt om i Sverige. Resultatet presenterar hur lärare använder sig av kommunikation i undervisningen genom musik samt på vilka sätt detta sker. Lärarna använder sig av kommunikation som sker på flera olika sätt genom musik, kontakt, teckenspråk, kroppspråk och tecken som stöd. Diskussionen kring studiens ämne koncentreras på den undervisande lärarens kommunikation i undervisningen med hjälp av musik, vilka alternativa kommunikationssätt som kan användas av läraren för att nå ut till eleverna samt vilka för- och nackdelar det finns med användning av alternativa kommunikationssätt.

  • 34.
    Ahlbäck, Lisa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Karlsson, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Bland boktips och länksamlingar: En undersökning av de svenska folkbibliotekens webbplatser för ungdomar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The public libraries were quick to adapt to the changes that the Internet brought on, and today library websites are an important part of the public library. To meet the needs of teens today, the library website could offer a range of contents to make it an attractive place on many levels; both the academic needs as well as social and recreational needs should be addressed.

    The aim of this thesis is to evaluate public library websites for teenagers in Sweden, and to examine how well the websites address the developmental tasks and needs that teenagers have. The method used is website evaluation, one quantitative and one qualitative. A total of 60 public library sites for teenagers were evaluated, using 11 criteria based on Havighursts developmental tasks. The quantitative evaluation measured how many functions each website had per criteria, and showed that the majority of the sites had one or two functions for most of the criteria. The qualitative evaluation showed that the websites with the highest score often offered more interactive solutions, had more dynamic content and therefore met the needs of teenagers better than the websites with a lower ranking. Overall, the public library websites for teenagers could gain from developing their content and services further, taking into consideration the needs and developmental tasks that teenagers have that separates them from other user groups.

  • 35.
    Ahlm, Daniel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Lindgren, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Game, Set and Cohesion: A case study of sport for social cohesion in Timor Leste2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis addresses how sports can encourage social cohesion amongst youth in Dili, Timor Leste. It is a case study, conducted in Timor Leste and is based on interviews with staff working at organizations that offer sport for peace programs as well as with other interested parties. The sport for peace programs involves youth in and around Dili and were initiated as a peace-building method.

    The communication aspect is analyzed through a participatory communication approach. The thesis investigates sports effect on social behavior from a sport pshycology perspective. It brings up both challenges and improvements for the sport for peace programs. The thesis also show the positive aspects of using sports as a tool for social cohesion.

  • 36.
    Ahlqvist, Petra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Skön låt eller enformig?: En attitudundersökning om unga vuxnas sätt att tala om musikgenrer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 37.
    Ahlqvist, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    När filmen kom till Karlskrona: Exempel på filmvisning i den svenska landsorten 1897 - 19052015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen behandlar filmförevisning i Karlskrona fram till nyårsafton 1905. Undersökningen, som utförts med 1897 som utgångsår, belyser också övrig bildvisning på orten. Uppsatsens huvuddel utgörs av en kronologisk genomgång av de filmvisningar som förekommit på orten.

    Uppsatsens arbetsmetod är arkivforskning. Som primärkälla har främst Karlskrona Veckoblad, som i den undersökta tidsperiodens slutskede utgavs med sex nummer per vecka, använts.

    Den första filmvisningen gick av stapeln 26 december 1898 i Ordenshuset på Ronnebygatan. Uppsatsen visar att denna lokal intagit en närmast monopolartad roll när det gällde uthyrning till kringresande filmvisare, vilka under tidsperioden framför allt visade ett blandat program med både kinematografi och skioptikonbilder. För mer religiösa filmer, som olika varianter av passionsspelet, erbjöd den vanliga kyrkan visningslokaler och dessa filmer verkar därmed ha nått en stor publik. Däremot har frikyrkorna och framför allt arbetarrörelsen i Karlskrona inte varit speciellt frekventerade som uthyrare.

    Kungsplanen var platsen för stadens enklare nöjesliv - hit kom både kringresande cirkus och tivoli. Just cirkusen verkar ha varit en viktig arena i Karlskrona för filmvisning under såväl det första som under undersökningens sista år. Under de mellanliggande åren var däremot cirkusen inte aktuell som filmvisningslokal. Den första fasta biografen etablerades i början av december 1905 i nära anknytning till området och den andra, som startade veckan efter, placerades i den cirkusbyggnad som uppförts på Kungsplanen. I Karlskrona existerade alltså en koppling mellan film och nöjesfält.

    I en avslutande del diskuteras också publiksammansättningen och en hypotes om att förevisarna ofta riktade sig till ung publik framförs.

  • 38.
    Ahlryd, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. University of Borås, Sweden.
    Integrering och identitetsskapande under BoI-utbildning: erfarenheter av verksamhetsförlagd utbildning i ett kandidatprogram2018In: Bibliotekarier i teori och praktik: utbildningsperspektiv på en unik profession / [ed] Joacim Hansson, Per Wisselgren, Lund: BTJ Förlag , 2018, p. 61-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Ahlström, Ida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Dahl, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Din sökning gav inga träffar: En undersökning om folkbibliotekspersonal och deras upplevelser vid sökning i bibliotekskatalogen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, one of the foremost tools used by the library staff is the library catalogue search tools. It has come to our understanding that some library staff are dissatisfied with how the search tools works. The aim of this study is to illuminate the library staff's negative experiences of the search tools, and to present a basis for future discussion and development. To our help we have used a quantitative survey which were sent to library staff that used one of the two largest integrated library systems in Sweden, BOOK-IT and Mikromarc. The questions regarded the library staff's perception of a number of features in the search tools. The results showed that in general, the overall impression of the catalogue search tools were positive, even though dissatisfaction with specific features could be observed, e.g. the system's way of handling misspellings and the ability to search the catalogue when the system is offline. This study can be seen as a small step on the way to better search tools in the library catalogue, giving the library staff better and more effective ways of providing service to the library users. 

  • 40.
    Ahmed, Maaheen
    et al.
    Ghent University, Belgium.
    Lund, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. Graduate Center CUNY, USA.
    ‘We’re all Avengers now’: Community-building, civil religion and nominal multiculturalism in Marvel Comics’ Fear Itself2016In: European Journal of American Culture, ISSN 1466-0407, E-ISSN 1758-9118, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 77-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses Marvel Comics’ 2011 crossover ‘event’ ‘Fear Itself’. It suggests that the event argues for national unity in a time of crisis by mobilizing America’s self-definition as a multicultural nation as well as civil religion. The article discusses ‘Fear Itself’s’ attempted construction of national myth through looking at the way it represents the media, US multiculturalism (in a generalized form that nominally includes non-white groups while frequently failing to account for them) and ‘sacralized’ civil religious aspects of US history. Especially salient in this connection is the event’s engagement with the Roosevelt years. In doing so, it is argued, ‘Fear Itself’ presents an Americanness that relies on an idealized and nostalgic notion of the so-called ‘Greatest Generation’, a tightly knit, self-sacrificing civil society that supposedly came into being during that period.

  • 41.
    Ahnelöv, Ingrid
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Att lära genom att skriva: Om samspelet mellan skrivande och research vid tilblivelsen av Mor Elisabeth2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42.
    Ahonen, Olivia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Development of National Identity: The Kalevala and the Finnish2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Forming an identity or a national identity is a long process every country in the world has gone through. The purpose of this research paper is to investigate how the Finnish identity has been portrayed in media between the years 1836-1893. The aim is to uncover how the Finnish epic, the Kalevala has influenced the creation of a Finnish national identity, which will be done through discourse analysis of five newspaper articles published over a timespan of about 60 years. The results showed that there were some changes over time in how the Finnish are portrayed in relation to the Kalevala. However, this difference was not applicable to all the studied categories. In conclusion, identity is something individual and through the individuality a common identity could be formed in Finland in the 1800s.

  • 43.
    Airey, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Disciplinary literacy2013In: Scientific literacy: Teori och praktik / [ed] Eva Lundqvist, Roger Säljö, Leif Östman, Malmö, Sweden: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2013, p. 41-58Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta kapitel läggs fram ett nytt begrepp, disciplinary literacy, som ett alternativ till scientific literacy. För varje ämne, disciplinary literacy inriktar sig mot kommunikativa praktiker inom tre miljöer: akademin, arbetsplatsen och samhället och definieras som förmågan att delta i dessa ämnesrelaterade kommunikativa praktiker på ett lämpligt sätt. Frågeställningen för kapitlet är om det kan vara givande att betrakta främjandet av studenters disciplinary literacy som ett av de huvudsakliga målen med universitetsstudier. Tillämpningen av begreppet illustreras genom material hämtat från ett forskningsprojekt där högskolelärare i fysik från Sverige och Sydafrika diskuterar de lärandemål de har för sina studenter.

  • 44.
    Airey, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    From stimulated recall to disciplinary literacy: Summarizing ten years of research into teaching and learning in English2015In: English-Medium Instruction in European Higher Education: English in Europe. Volume 3 / [ed] Dimova, S. Hultgren, A-K. Jensen, C., Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2015, p. 157-176Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter summarizes my research work in Swedish higher education in the area of teaching and learning in English. Sweden makes for a particularly interesting case study since there are high levels of English competence in the general population and a large percentage of university courses have traditionally been taught through the medium of English.

    The work I have done falls into three broad categories:  University learning in English, University teaching in English and Disciplinary differences in attitudes to English language use.

    Over the years I have used a range of data collection techniques including video recordings of lectures, semi-structured interviews, questionnaires and stimulated recall. The research work is almost exclusively qualitative in nature adopting a case study approach.

  • 45.
    Airey, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Lecturing in English: Comparing fluency and content in L1 and L22013In: ICLHE 2013: Integrating Content and Language in Higher Education. University of Maastricht, Netherlands, 11-13 April, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years there has been a noticeable trend in many countries towards teaching university courses in English. However, from a research perspective, difficulties in obtaining comparative data have meant that little is known about what happens when lecturers change teaching language in this way.

    The work presented here follows eighteen lecturers of various disciplines from two Swedish universities who are in the process of changing their teaching language to English. The lecturers were all participants on a teaching in English training course (7.5 ECTS). As part of the course the lecturers gave ten-minute mini-lectures in their first language in a subject area that they usually teach. The following week, the lecturers gave the same lectures again in English.

    The lecture transcripts were analysed in terms of the content presented and comparative fluency. The majority of the lecturers present very similar content in both languages. However, all the lecturers speak more slowly and have shorter runs and more hesitations in their English lectures. There are a number of important differences in the ways in which lecturers dealt with this ‘slowing down’ in English, ranging from making changes to their pedagogical approach to running over time or cutting off the whole end of the lecture.

    In earlier studies lecturers who regularly teach in English suggest they do not notice much difference when teaching in one language or another. However, qualitative analysis of the 18 lecturers’ course reflections (approximately 60 000 words) shows that they were acutely aware of their limitations when teaching in English.

    This analysis provides further insights into the experiences of lecturers who are in the process of changing teaching language and a number of pedagogical recommendations are made.

  • 46.
    Airey, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Stockholm University.
    Tarja Nikula, Emma Dafouz, PatMoore and Ute Smit (Eds.). Conceptualising integration in CLIL and multilingual education. (2016),Bristol: Multilingual Matters. 276 pp., ISBN978-1-78309-613-8 (PBK).2017In: ESP Today - Journal of English for Specific Purposes at Tertiary Level, E-ISSN 2334-9050, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 297-302Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Berge, Maria
    Umeå University.
    Music and physics don’t mix!: What the humorous misuse of disciplinary-specific semiotic resources can tell us about disciplinary boundaries.2014In: The 5th International 360 Conference. Encompassing the multimodality of knowledge, May 8-10 2014, Aarhus University, Denmark, Aarhus: Aarhus University , 2014, p. 21-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Becoming part of an academic discipline has been described both in terms of becoming fluent in a disciplinary discourse (Airey 2009; Airey & Linder 2009; Northedge 2002) and achieving disciplinary literacy (Airey 2011, 2013; Geisler 1994). In this paper we investigate disciplinary boundaries by documenting the responses of academics to a semiotic disciplinary hybrid. The hybrid we use is the Physikalisches Lied, a bogus piece of sheet music into which disciplinary-specific semiotic resources from the realm of physics have been incorporated to humorous effect.

    The piece is presented to three distinct disciplinary focus groups: physicists, musicians and a group of academics who have had little contact with either discipline. In order to elicit disciplinary responses that are free from researcher prompts, each focus group is first asked the simple, open-ended question What do you see here? Once discussion of this question is exhausted the focus groups are asked to identify as many puns as they can—essentially all the disciplinary items that they feel have been misappropriated—and to attempt to explain what this means from a disciplinary standpoint. The differences in the responses of the three groups are presented and analysed.

    We argue that the semiotic resources focused on by each of the three groups and the nature of the explanation offered provide evidence of the degree of integration into the disciplines of physics and music. Our findings shed light on the process of becoming a disciplinary insider and the semiotic work involved in this process.

  • 48.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University, Sweden;Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Larsson, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Developing students' disciplinary literacy?: The case of university physics2018In: Global developments in literacy research for science education / [ed] Kok-Sing Tang & Kristina Danielsson, Springer, 2018, p. 357-376Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we use the concept of disciplinary literacy (Airey, 2011a, 2013) to analyze the goals of university physics lecturers. Disciplinary literacy refers to a particular mix of disciplinary-specific communicative practices developed for three specific sites: the academy, the workplace and society. It has been suggested that the development of disciplinary literacy may be seen as one of the primary goals of university studies (Airey, 2011a). The main data set used in this chapter comes from a comparative study of physics lecturers in Sweden and South Africa (Airey, 2012, 2013; Linder, Airey, Mayaba, & Webb, 2014). Semi-structured interviews were carried out using a disciplinary literacy discussion matrix (Airey, 2011b), which enabled us to probe the lecturers' disciplinary literacy goals in the various semiotic resource systems used in undergraduate physics (i.e. graphs, diagrams, mathematics, language). The findings suggest that whilst physics lecturers have strikingly similar disciplinary literacy goals for their students, regardless of setting, they have very different ideas about whether they themselves should teach students to handle these disciplinary-specific semiotic resources. It is suggested that the similarity in physics lecturers' disciplinary literacy goals across highly disparate settings may be related to the hierarchical, singular nature of the discipline of physics (Bernstein, 1999, 2000). In the final section of the chapter some preliminary evidence about the disciplinary literacy goals of those involved in physics teacher training is presented. Using Bernstein's constructs, a potential conflict between the hierarchical singular of physics and the horizontal region of teacher training is noticeable. Going forward it would be interesting to apply the concept of disciplinary literacy to the analysis of other disciplines-particularly those with different combinations of Bernstein's classifications of hierarchical/horizontal and singular/region.

  • 49.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Larsson, Johanna
    Uppsala University.
    What Knowledge Do Trainee Physics Teachers Need to Learn?: Differences in the Views of Training Staff2014In: International Science Education Conference ISEC 2014, National Institute of Education, Singapore, 25-27 November, 2014, Singapore: Ministry of Education, National Institute of Education , 2014, p. 62-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the impact of disciplinary differences on teaching and learning has been extensively discussed in the literature (e.g. Becher 1989; Becher and Trowler 2001; Lindblom-Ylännea et al. 2006; Neumann 2001; Neumann and Becher 2002), little research has explored this issue in relation to teacher training. In particular, we know of no work that examines differing views about the knowledge that trainee teachers need to learn across different settings. In this paper we analyse differences in the expressed views of staff involved in the training of prospective physics teachers in three environments: the education department, the physics department and schools. We analyse these differences in terms of two constructs: disciplinary literacy goals (Airey 2011, 2013) and disciplinary knowledge structures (Bernstein 1999).

    In terms of disciplinary literacy we find a stronger emphasis on learning goals for the academy expressed by informants from the physics and education departments. This can be contrasted with the view that the needs of the workplace are paramount expressed by school practitioners.

    Then, using Bernstein’s knowledge structures, we also identify clear differences in views about the nature of knowledge itself with a more hierarchical view of knowledge prevalent in the physics department and the more horizontal view of knowledge prevalent in the education department.

    The study highlights the often-conflicting signals about what constitutes useful knowledge that prospective physics teachers need to negotiate during their training. We tentatively suggest that more attention should be paid to both the theory/practice divide and potential epistemological differences in the training of prospective teachers.

  • 50.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Lauridsen, Karen M.
    Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Rasanen, Anne
    University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Salo, Linus
    Stockholm University.
    Schwach, Vera
    Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education, Norway.
    The expansion of English-medium instruction in the Nordic countries: Can top-down university language policies encourage bottom-up disciplinary literacy goals?2017In: Higher Education, ISSN 0018-1560, E-ISSN 1573-174X, Vol. 73, no 4, p. 561-576Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, in the wake of the Bologna Declaration and similar international initiatives, there has been a rapid increase in the number of university courses and programmes taught through the medium of English. Surveys have consistently shown the Nordic countries to be at the forefront of this trend towards English-medium instruction (EMI). In this paper, we discuss the introduction of EMI in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden). We present the educational setting and the EMI debate in each of these countries and summarize relevant research findings. We then make some tentative suggestions for the introduction of EMI in higher education in other countries. In particular, we are interested in university language policies and their relevance for the day-to-day work of faculty. We problematize one-size-fits-all university language policies, suggesting that in order for policies to be seen as relevant they need to be flexible enough to take into account disciplinary differences. In this respect, we make some specific suggestions about the content of university language policies and EMI course syllabuses. Here we recommend that university language policies should encourage the discussion of disciplinary literacy goals and require course syllabuses to detail disciplinary-specific language-learning outcomes.

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