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  • 1.
    Aaby, Jacqueline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    ¿La motivación es importante, o no…?: Una investigación sobre la motivación en los pasos 1 y 3 de ELE del instituto sueco 2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2.
    Abdulaian, Sheyda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Att motivera till läsning: En studie utifrån fem grundskollärares perspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This study examines the approaches used by teachers to motivate their pupils to read and investigates what underlying factors they claim may explain why pupils feel no motivation to read. The study was conducted from the perspective of five active teachers, with data collection by interview. The study found that the interviewed teachers use psychological support as well as structured teaching such as reading aloud and book talks, along with a varied range of methods, to motivate their pupils to read. The interviewed teachers state that there must be motivation if a pupil is to become a good reader, and it is very important that pupils receive support from adults, both at home and in school. According to the teachers, pupils lose motivation if they are given texts that are too difficult for them to understand, or if other stimuli motivate them more than reading does. The attitude of parents or guardians to reading is also emphasized as significant for motivation, and hence for pupils’ reading development.

  • 3.
    Abdulaian, Sheyda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Att motivera till läsning: En studie utifrån fem grundskollärares perspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 240 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the approaches used by teachers to motivate their pupils to read and investigates what underlying factors they claim may explain why pupils feel no motivation to read. The study was conducted from the perspective of five active teachers, with data collection by interview. The study found that the interviewed teachers use psychological support as well as structured teaching such as reading aloud and book talks, along with a varied range of methods, to motivate their pupils to read. The interviewed teachers state that there must be motivation if a pupil is to become a good reader, and it is very important that pupils receive support from adults, both at home and in school. According to the teachers, pupils lose motivation if they are given texts that are too difficult for them to understand, or if other stimuli motivate them more than reading does. The attitude of parents or guardians to reading is also emphasized as significant for motivation, and hence for pupils’ reading development.

  • 4.
    Abdurahmanovic, Dzenana
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    ”Det beror ju på vad man vill lägga i ordet register”  Petra Stenkula    : En studie av polisens externa kriskommunikation i samband med romregistret2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel                                   

    ”Det beror ju på vad man vill lägga i ordet register” Petra Stenkula

    En fallstudie av polisens externa kriskommunikation i samband med romregistret

     

    Syfte             

    Syftet är att lämna ett bidrag till den svenska forskningen om kriskommunikation men även att bidra till den svenska samhällsdebatten om polisen som en central rättsmyndighet och deras hantering av romregisterkrisen.

     

    Metod          

    Via en kvalitativ metod analysers nyheter publicerade på polisens webbplats och polisens presskonferenser utifrån de valda teoretiska ramarna inom ämnet kriskommunikation.

     

    Resultat        

    Polisens kriskommunikation framstår som väldigt strategilös, under hela krisen ägnar sig polisen åt                               informationsinsamling för att förstår krisen och få en överblick över situationen men under tiden glömmer                     de den strategiska delen. Polisen är väldigt restriktiv i sin kriskommunikation, på webbplatsen är nyhetspubliceringarna rörande romregistret väldigt korta och konkreta, vissa är rena informationsanvisningar. Polisen förde även en inkonsekvent kriskommunikation, när Rikspolisstyrelsen pratade om analysfil som inte var i fas med lagstiftningen så pratade Skånepolisen om beslut ifrån år 2009 om tillstånd att upprätta den särskilda analysfilen. I sin kriskommunikation använder polisen många olika försvarsstrategier ifrån Corporate Apologia och Image Repair Theory. Strategierna som användes för att upprätthålla image var för många och olika för att uppfattas som trovärdiga medan polisen utförde i teorin en perfekt apologia. Polisen beklagade situationen, berättade om vilka åtgärder som skulle utföras och Justitiekanslern beslutade om kompensation till de drabbade.

     

  • 5.
    Abrahamsson, Alexander
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Musikteorins applicering på ensembleämnet: - En studie i hur gymnasieelever anser att de använder sina musikteorikunskaper praktiskt.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att undersöka i vilken utsträckning elever anser att de använde musikteoriämnet under ensemblelektioner på musiklinjen på gymnasiet, samt om och i så fall hur eleverna anser att teoretiska kunskaper påverkade deras ensemblespel. Det andra syftet var att ta reda på i vilken utsträckning elever anser att deras lärare i ensemble samtalade med dem om hur musikteorin kan användas på ensemblelektionerna. Genom enkätundersökning samlades data om detta in från elever på gymnasiet. Dessa data granskades sedan med hjälp av den sociokulturella teorin. Respondenterna svarade väldigt olika på hur vanligt det är att de själva använder musikteorin under ensemblelektionerna. Många svarade att de händer ganska ofta medan ungefär lika många svarade att det händer ganska sällan. Elevernas svar visar att när musikteorin används så sker det icke-verbalt. I en närmare granskning visade det sig att majoriteten av eleverna ansåg att de olika moment ur musikteorin enkäten frågade om används inget eller sällan under ensemblelektionen. En stor majoritet av eleverna sa själva att det dem lärde sig på musikteorilektionerna utvecklade dem som musiker och att många delar ur musikteorins kursplan var viktiga för deras spel i ensemblen. 

  • 6.
    Abrahamsson, Alexander
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Nutidens musikteori: -En undersökning av musikteorilärares metoder.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete syftar till att undersöka hur musikteorilärare på gymnasiet arbetar med ämnet musikteori genom observationer av lektioner och intervjuer med lärare. Fokus ligger på att granska utrymmet som ges till elevsamarbete, användandet av digitala verktyg samt hur lärarna relaterar ämnet till elevernas praktiska användande. Detta har undersökts genom att först observera musikteorilärare under lektionstillfällen för att hitta intressanta aspekter av deras undervisning, inspirerat av metoden grounded theory. Sedan intervjuades dessa musikteorilärare närmre om just de aspekter som ansågs intressanta. I arbetets analysdel relateras sedan lärarnas svar till en teori om lärande som kallas Collaborative learning. Inom denna teori är grupparbete, ofta assisterat med digitala verktyg mycket viktigt, vilket är relevant för detta arbete. Under intervjuerna berättade en av de två intervjuade lärarna att grupparbeten var väldigt vanliga och att digitala verktyg användes ofta i undervisningen. Den andre läraren berättade motsatsen: grupparbeten skedde sällan och digitala verktyg hade provats under lektionstillfällen, men med otillfredsställande resultat. Båda lärarna relaterade musikteoriämnet till elevernas praktiska användande.

  • 7.
    Acevska, Katja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Jag tillhör en muslimsk familj men jag är inte religiös: Några ungdomars förändrade syn på sin religion i Sverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is not surprising that the massive Syrian and Afghanistan immigration three years ago, has changed their view towards Islam rules in their new identity creating. But what has been changed? That was my first question in this essay and the answers I got was rules concerned alcohol, prayer, mosque visits and food rules. All this rules requires someone to influence them to take a stand, which lead us to the next question, about how hegemony was exhibited as a factor in how my respondents answered the first question. The theory of hegemony was the analysis instrument of this study and gave me a hypothesis that hegemony probably had something to do with the change of rules, and it had. All these things that I mentioned as changed rules in their new land demands a personal asset and to be legitimized by someone who represents the hegemony.  In order for the hegemony to continue it has to be anonymous and lead for example friends or teachers. It is visible how my respondents talked about matters that had to do with how the changes where in their common sense, where probably hegemony has the strongest attachment, but also how they thought that they made own choices, was also the choice that the hegemony had done before them. Although I took into account the need to be a part of a group, here it showed how the Muslims was included in a group that only had premises from hegemony standard points. The answers for my result was given to me by six secondary school students by semi structured interviews.

     

  • 8.
    Adam, Priester
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Consume/d: Konsumtionssamhället visualiserat2017Independent thesis Basic level (Higher Education Diploma (Fine Arts)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här projektet har jag som mål att bryta ner och visualisera ämnet konsumtionssamhälle med hjälp utav motion design. Mitt syfte är att skapa förståelse, diskussion och väcka tankar kring ett samhälle som ofta tas för givet. Genom research letar jag efter starka koncept att visualisera, jag bryter ner ämnet i tre kategorier (varför, effekter, lösningar). Resultatet är ett antal animationer som ska kunna ses individuellt eller som en helhet. Jag redovisar min process och återkopplar till projektet. 

  • 9.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Celt and Germans in Iron Age Europe: Imagined Communities and strategies among scholars2015In: Concurrences in postcolonial research - perspectives, methodologies, engagements, 20-23 aug, Kalmar, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Identitet och verksamhet: Hjulbärande gudinnor och attribut i mellaneuropeisk järnåldersikonografi2015In: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, Vol. 64, no 2, p. 53-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the difference between identifying and classifying attributes and analyzes the problematic implications if we confuse the two. The empirical material consists of Gallic stone reliefs depicting goddesses with a wheel as attribute. Male deities depicted with wheels have mainly been identified as a Celtic Jupiter or a male sky god sometimes called Taranis. The Gallic goddesses show that the wheel attribute was not an identifying attribute exclusive to this god, but that it rather served as a marker for an activity shared by several deities, both male and female. The articles argument that we need to distinguish between identifying and classifying attributes in order to make a source critical and methodological correct iconographical interpretation, especially when we interpret iconographical representation without the aid of any written sources.

  • 11.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Names of swords in Icelandic sagas2017In: EASR Annual Conference : Communicating Religion: University of Leuven 18-21 September 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Named weapons of different origin and purpose occur in the Old Norse mythology, and some of them are better known than others: Thor's hammer Mjolnir and Odin's spear Gungnir, just to name a few. But named weapons are also present in the more mundane Icelandic sagas, and it suggests that the practice of giving individual names to objects was something that occurred among real people in the Viking society. The named swords, spears and axes, which we can read about in the Icelandic sagas, are not portrayed as especially supernatural. They are, however, sometimes talked about in a special way and considered to be extraordinary in one way or another.What kind of name did people give to weapons, and what might have been the purposes for doing so? It is possible that some weapons told a story through their names and that they because of that also brought fame and glory to their owners. It is also conceivable, considered how some of the swords and spears are described in the Icelandic sagas, that named weapons were seen as almost life-like. This paper discusses some thoughts regarding named weapons in the sagas, the purposes for giving names, and if this practise might tell us something about how people in the Viking age viewed these named, possibly presumed life-like, objects.

  • 12.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Resension av Peter S. Wells. How the Ancient Europeans saw the World. Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times, 2012, ISBN 0-691-14338-2,  Princeton University Press2013In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 2, p. 151-152Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Adolfsson, Helen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    The British hedgerow in Sweden: Dealing with spatial differences and reader differences related to the author-reader relationship and culture-specific referents aided by a translation-oriented text analysis model2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 14.
    Adolfsson, Matilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    ”Det är som en skattjakt – var är skatten?”: En kvalitativ studie om elevers användning av lässtrategier i årskurs 32018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka vilka kognitiva och metakognitiva strategier elever i en årskurs 3 beskriver sig använda för att förstå text. Eftersom lässtrategier kan ge elever möjlighet att få förståelse för det som läses, fördjupa sig i text samt kontrollera sin läsförståelse är det angeläget att undersöka elevers användning av lässtrategier. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten för studien är modellen Reading as a Meaning-Constructed Process: The Reader (Ruddell & Unrau, 2013). Studiens material består av intervjusvar från 14 elever i en årskurs 3. Ett individuellt möte har genomförts av studiens författare med varje elev. Det individuella mötet har bestått av en läsaktivitet följt av en semistrukturerad intervju. Samtliga elevintervjuer har spelats in via röstinspelning och transkriberats. Transkriptionerna av intervjusvaren har kategoriserats i en innehållsanalys med kategorierna kognitiva strategier och metakognitiva strategier. Resultatet visar att eleverna beskriver sig använda de kognitiva strategierna att söka efter ledtrådar, göra textkopplingar och skapa inre bilder. Resultatet visar även att eleverna beskriver sig använda de metakognitiva strategierna att läsa om, läsa långsamt, läsa vidare och gå tillbaka, hoppa över och ta extern hjälp. Denna studie lyfter fram lässtrategiers betydelse för elevers läsförståelse redan i tidigare år i grundskolan samt vikten av undervisning i lässtrategier för elevers framtida skolframgångar. 

  • 15.
    Adolfsson, Matilda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Ek, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Lundin, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Lexikala drag i elevtexter: En jämförande studie av elever utan och i lässvårigheter i årskurs 32018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att synliggöra karakteristiska drag på lexikal nivå i narrativa texter skrivna av elever utan lässvårigheter samt likheter och skillnader på lexikal nivå mellan texter skrivna av elever utan och i lässvårigheter. Att undersöka skrivande på lexikal nivå hos elever utan lässvårigheter i jämförelse med elever i lässvårigheter är angeläget mot bakgrund av att både den språkliga förmågan och läsförmågan (däribland den lexikala kunskapen) utgör centrala komponenter i skrivandet. Studien tar sin teoretiska utgångspunkt i den interna processnivån i Chenoweth och Hayes (2001) modell av skrivprocessen: A Model of Written Language Production. Tjugofyra texter skrivna av elever utan lässvårigheter har analyserats utifrån fem olika mått på lexikal nivå: antal ord, lexikal densitet, adjektivdensitet, lexikal variation och andel felstavade ord. Medelvärden för dessa mått har beräknats. Som jämförelsematerial användes motsvarande lexikala mått för 40 elever i lässvårigheter i Levlin och Waldmann (2017). Statistiska analyser har genomförts för att fastställa signifikanta skillnader mellan elevgrupperna. Det övergripande resultatet som framkommer är att elever utan lässvårigheter uppvisar en högre lexikal nivå än elever i lässvårigheter. Det finns signifikanta skillnader mellan elevgrupperna för antal ord, adjektivdensitet, lexikal variation och andel felstavade ord. Lexikal densitet uppvisar däremot ingen signifikant skillnad mellan elevgrupperna. Våra resultat visar på att det är viktigt att inkludera stöttning av elevers läsförmågor i skrivundervisningen då läsförmågan är en betydande komponent i skrivutvecklingen.

  • 16.
    Adolfsson, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Oblivia: Fyra kapitel ur en oavslutad roman2017Independent thesis Basic level (Higher Education Diploma (Fine Arts)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17.
    Adrian, Anderson
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Tystnad - talande tystnad: Luckor och möjlighetsutrymmen i Alice Munros novell "Hateship, friendship, courtship, loveship, marriage"2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 18.
    Adrian, Carl
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Holm, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    “Dead. He is Dead. God blesses America”: Den Amerikanska pressens gestaltning av kriget mot terrorism kring Usama bin Ladins död2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Almost 10 years after the attack on World Trade Center Sept. 11 2001, Osama bin Laden was shot and killed on May 2 2011 in Pakistan. How was this event framed by the media with regards to the global war on terror? This study compares two different American newspapers – the New York Times and the New York Daily News – and how they framed the war on terrorism in the Middle East from May 2 to May 15 2011. By analyzing the framing in a perspective of the four functions of framing theory: define problems, diagnose causes, make moral judgments and suggest remedies, we found considerable differences in each papers frames. Through a qualitative text analysis of the opinion pages in these two newspapers, using three themes as a base, we found a number of differences. While the New York Times contained a form of open discussion about problems and remedies, New York Daily News takes an emotional and moral approach. These differences in content may affect the opinions of the readers. We speculate that the more open and suggestive nature of the New York Times, also opens the minds of the readers enabling them to form opinions in a liberated sense. Thus the more closed, emotional and moral nature of the New York Daily News may have greater impact on an individual’s ability to form its own opinions and moral values.

  • 19.
    Adéen, Maria-Magdalena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Folkesson, Anna
    "Att tända gnistan och få den att flamma upp": Samverkan mellan lärare och skolbibliotekarier på låg-och mellanstadiet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor thesis is to examine the collaboration between school librarians and teachers in primary school, in order to illustrate how the two professions can work together, how they see their own roles and how they look at the other professionals´ roles. We also discuss earlier studies in LIS concerning collaboration between teachers and librarians. The method of investigation is qualitative interviews with practicing school librarians and teachers, we interviewed three school librarians and three teachers from three different schools in the same county.  As a basis of the discussion and analysis Andrew Abbott's theory of professions is used. The thesis shows that collaboration differs between the schools. The difference in itself depends on the schools principal views of the school library. The professions need to develop their understanding for each other´s roles and competences in order to develop the best possible collaboration. 

  • 20.
    Agebjörn, Jennie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Stolt, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Att bygga en bro mellan två språk: En språkanalys av två matematikläromedel för årskurs 32016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to perform a linguistic analysis of mathematics textbooks. Mathematical text exercises are built up of linguistic structures which are significant for the pupil’s understanding of text exercises. Two different mathematics textbooks for grade three are analysed: Prima matematikand Tummen upp. The aim is to investigate how text exercises in mathematics textbooks are linguistically structured. The study analyses the style, form and content of the text and its relation to the reader. The result shows that the content of the text exercises is close to the pupil’s everyday reality, which ensures a close and strong relationship between the writer and the reader. Something which can entail difficulties for reading comprehension, however, is that the form consists of meaning-bearing mathematical terms which it can be difficult to relate to. Since the mathematical language and the everyday Swedish language meet in text exercises, it is important that they interact well with each other.

  • 21.
    Agebjörn, Jennie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Stolt, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Högläsning - bara att läsa högt?: En kvalitativ studie av tre lärares syn på högläsning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reading aloud is regarded in the study as an occasion where a teacher reads to pupils and where this involves both reading and conversation about what has been read. It is a learning activity in which everyone together shares an experience. Reading aloud is moreover a way to develop the pupil’s ability in reading and language. The aim of the study is to investigate teachers’ views of reading aloud in schools. Three different teachers were interviewed and observed in the study. They work at different schools in grades 1 to 3. The result is based on interpretations of interviews and observations, and it shows that relaxation and conversation ability are two main purposes of reading aloud. As regards the teachers’ methods there are similarities in the choice of book, the reading environment, and the work with the book. The result shows that the teachers see many advantages in reading aloud, but that the time aspect is significant for the extent to which they chose to work with reading aloud.

  • 22.
    Aggerstam, Madeleine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    För kunskap och kultur: En studie om folkbibliotekariers inköpsstrategier av utländsk litteratur2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis’ purpose is to investigate how purchase librarians work with foreign language collection management. Since about 15% of the citizens of Sweden are born abroad or have a foreign background, the subject of investigation becomes relevant because it touches a wide user group of the public library.

    Interviews were conducted with four librarians responsible for purchasing of foreign literature. The purpose of these interviews was to investigate which underlying strategies and thoughts are used as a basis for purchasing.

    Since the library act does not include guidelines regarding the content of the foreign literature collection, how is the literature chosen and to what purpose?

    As a theoretical framework a self-developed model was used to categorize the foreign literature into its different functions. The foreign literature was divided into two main categories; entertainment reading and literature with an informative purpose.

    To display the librarians room for interpretation factor in the purchasing of literature a theory from sociology studies was applied, the theory of room for maneuver.

    The findings in this paper have revealed that literature with the purpose to entertain was prioritized in the purchasing. Even though the libraries included multicultural activities in their organization, by prioritizing the entertainment literature the library tended to deprioritize the potential integration purpose of the literature.

    The paper also revealed that the individual responsible for the purchasing was left with a large room for interpretation, which meant that one individual had the responsibility to ensure that the literature was relevant and versatile enough for the user group.

  • 23.
    Agnell, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Terminology and function hybridity: A functionalist approach to the translation of an art history book2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay discusses two aspects of the retention of pragmatic text functions in translation. The functionalist approach that was used focuses on achieving congruence between the author’s intended function and the perception of the reader, i.e., the target text’s actual function. The first aim was to examine whether a focus on text functions can be beneficial when translating terminology. The second aim was to investigate if a functionalist approach can be used to assure that all functions are retained for instances where the source text encompasses more than one pragmatic function. For the purposes of this study, two excerpts from Fritz Eichenberg’s art history book The Art of the Print were translated. Individual terms as well as instances where the source text segment contained one than more pragmatic function were then analyzed with the above mentioned aims in mind. It was found that a functionalist approach, in combination with a conceptual approach to terminology, was beneficial when translating terminology. It was also observed that the surrounding co-text aided in the understanding of the author’s concept. In regard to the second aim, it was found that while a functionalist approach assured that the translator was made aware of the existing functions, the translation procedures suggested were too narrow and static to be applicable to all segments.

  • 24.
    Ahlander, Jonna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Stereotyper, traditioner och den normbärande aktören i Lassemajas detektivbyrå: En studie om genuskonstruktioner och maktdimensioner i 2015 års bästsäljande barnlitteratur, Fängelsemysteriet.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies five contemporary illustrated images from the 2015 bestselling children’s book Fängelsemysteriet, from the book series Lassemajas Detektivbyrå.

    The thesis examines the images in order to interpret how gender is constructed and how the power of balance is displayed through the images. Thereafter, an analysis is carried out to determine in which ways the images have been influenced by national and cultural traditions and which conceptions regarding nationality, gender and age are noticeable. The thesis aim is to critically review the norms and patterns that can frequently be found in art and children’s literature. Because the images studied are illustrations in a literature book, the written text is also taken in consideration and studied in interaction with the images which gives the essay a literature angle. The thesis primary purpose is however the image analysis and the theoretical approach is headmost gender based. Panofsky´s iconological interpretation method is crucial in order to define and identify different gender roles and power dimensions. The images contain conventional gender patterns where “male” and “female” is kept separate. Attributes, activities, roles, professions and personal qualities distinguish differences in men and women. Even if the images show a norm deviation where children are portrayed as equals, traditional and stereotype gender roles can still be distinguished. The images illustrate clichéd perceptions of nationality and community. Foreign characters are stereotypically portrayed through traits which accommodate traditional and national symbols, names that can be associated with different cultures and religions and characters are portrayed with stereotypical appearances. Throughout the book the white middle-aged man is overrepresented and appears to still be norm bearing in Sweden’s most read contemporary children’s book today.

  • 25.
    Ahlberg, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Plast i offentliga möbler2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Ahlberg, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Musikalisk kommunikation: - ett alternativt kommunikationsmedel för elever med funktionsnedsättning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kommunikation är en nödvändig förutsättning för att människor ska kunna samverka med andra i samhället. Skolans undervisning ska utifrån detta utgå ifrån elevens behov för att eleven ska kunna allmänbilda sig i samhället. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur musik kan användas som ett kommunikationsmedel för elever med funktionsnedsättning i undervisningen och på vilka sätt som den undervisande läraren använder sig av detta. Resultatet som presenteras redovisar genomförda intervjuer och observationer som har utförts med olika undervisande lärare i musik, på olika orter runt om i Sverige. Resultatet presenterar hur lärare använder sig av kommunikation i undervisningen genom musik samt på vilka sätt detta sker. Lärarna använder sig av kommunikation som sker på flera olika sätt genom musik, kontakt, teckenspråk, kroppspråk och tecken som stöd. Diskussionen kring studiens ämne koncentreras på den undervisande lärarens kommunikation i undervisningen med hjälp av musik, vilka alternativa kommunikationssätt som kan användas av läraren för att nå ut till eleverna samt vilka för- och nackdelar det finns med användning av alternativa kommunikationssätt.

  • 27.
    Ahlbäck, Lisa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Karlsson, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Bland boktips och länksamlingar: En undersökning av de svenska folkbibliotekens webbplatser för ungdomar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The public libraries were quick to adapt to the changes that the Internet brought on, and today library websites are an important part of the public library. To meet the needs of teens today, the library website could offer a range of contents to make it an attractive place on many levels; both the academic needs as well as social and recreational needs should be addressed.

    The aim of this thesis is to evaluate public library websites for teenagers in Sweden, and to examine how well the websites address the developmental tasks and needs that teenagers have. The method used is website evaluation, one quantitative and one qualitative. A total of 60 public library sites for teenagers were evaluated, using 11 criteria based on Havighursts developmental tasks. The quantitative evaluation measured how many functions each website had per criteria, and showed that the majority of the sites had one or two functions for most of the criteria. The qualitative evaluation showed that the websites with the highest score often offered more interactive solutions, had more dynamic content and therefore met the needs of teenagers better than the websites with a lower ranking. Overall, the public library websites for teenagers could gain from developing their content and services further, taking into consideration the needs and developmental tasks that teenagers have that separates them from other user groups.

  • 28.
    Ahlm, Daniel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Lindgren, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Game, Set and Cohesion: A case study of sport for social cohesion in Timor Leste2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis addresses how sports can encourage social cohesion amongst youth in Dili, Timor Leste. It is a case study, conducted in Timor Leste and is based on interviews with staff working at organizations that offer sport for peace programs as well as with other interested parties. The sport for peace programs involves youth in and around Dili and were initiated as a peace-building method.

    The communication aspect is analyzed through a participatory communication approach. The thesis investigates sports effect on social behavior from a sport pshycology perspective. It brings up both challenges and improvements for the sport for peace programs. The thesis also show the positive aspects of using sports as a tool for social cohesion.

  • 29.
    Ahlqvist, Petra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Skön låt eller enformig?: En attitudundersökning om unga vuxnas sätt att tala om musikgenrer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Ahlqvist, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    När filmen kom till Karlskrona: Exempel på filmvisning i den svenska landsorten 1897 - 19052015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen behandlar filmförevisning i Karlskrona fram till nyårsafton 1905. Undersökningen, som utförts med 1897 som utgångsår, belyser också övrig bildvisning på orten. Uppsatsens huvuddel utgörs av en kronologisk genomgång av de filmvisningar som förekommit på orten.

    Uppsatsens arbetsmetod är arkivforskning. Som primärkälla har främst Karlskrona Veckoblad, som i den undersökta tidsperiodens slutskede utgavs med sex nummer per vecka, använts.

    Den första filmvisningen gick av stapeln 26 december 1898 i Ordenshuset på Ronnebygatan. Uppsatsen visar att denna lokal intagit en närmast monopolartad roll när det gällde uthyrning till kringresande filmvisare, vilka under tidsperioden framför allt visade ett blandat program med både kinematografi och skioptikonbilder. För mer religiösa filmer, som olika varianter av passionsspelet, erbjöd den vanliga kyrkan visningslokaler och dessa filmer verkar därmed ha nått en stor publik. Däremot har frikyrkorna och framför allt arbetarrörelsen i Karlskrona inte varit speciellt frekventerade som uthyrare.

    Kungsplanen var platsen för stadens enklare nöjesliv - hit kom både kringresande cirkus och tivoli. Just cirkusen verkar ha varit en viktig arena i Karlskrona för filmvisning under såväl det första som under undersökningens sista år. Under de mellanliggande åren var däremot cirkusen inte aktuell som filmvisningslokal. Den första fasta biografen etablerades i början av december 1905 i nära anknytning till området och den andra, som startade veckan efter, placerades i den cirkusbyggnad som uppförts på Kungsplanen. I Karlskrona existerade alltså en koppling mellan film och nöjesfält.

    I en avslutande del diskuteras också publiksammansättningen och en hypotes om att förevisarna ofta riktade sig till ung publik framförs.

  • 31.
    Ahlström, Ida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Dahl, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Din sökning gav inga träffar: En undersökning om folkbibliotekspersonal och deras upplevelser vid sökning i bibliotekskatalogen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, one of the foremost tools used by the library staff is the library catalogue search tools. It has come to our understanding that some library staff are dissatisfied with how the search tools works. The aim of this study is to illuminate the library staff's negative experiences of the search tools, and to present a basis for future discussion and development. To our help we have used a quantitative survey which were sent to library staff that used one of the two largest integrated library systems in Sweden, BOOK-IT and Mikromarc. The questions regarded the library staff's perception of a number of features in the search tools. The results showed that in general, the overall impression of the catalogue search tools were positive, even though dissatisfaction with specific features could be observed, e.g. the system's way of handling misspellings and the ability to search the catalogue when the system is offline. This study can be seen as a small step on the way to better search tools in the library catalogue, giving the library staff better and more effective ways of providing service to the library users. 

  • 32.
    Ahmed, Maaheen
    et al.
    Ghent University, Belgium.
    Lund, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. Graduate Center CUNY, USA.
    ‘We’re all Avengers now’: Community-building, civil religion and nominal multiculturalism in Marvel Comics’ Fear Itself2016In: European Journal of American Culture, ISSN 1466-0407, E-ISSN 1758-9118, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 77-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses Marvel Comics’ 2011 crossover ‘event’ ‘Fear Itself’. It suggests that the event argues for national unity in a time of crisis by mobilizing America’s self-definition as a multicultural nation as well as civil religion. The article discusses ‘Fear Itself’s’ attempted construction of national myth through looking at the way it represents the media, US multiculturalism (in a generalized form that nominally includes non-white groups while frequently failing to account for them) and ‘sacralized’ civil religious aspects of US history. Especially salient in this connection is the event’s engagement with the Roosevelt years. In doing so, it is argued, ‘Fear Itself’ presents an Americanness that relies on an idealized and nostalgic notion of the so-called ‘Greatest Generation’, a tightly knit, self-sacrificing civil society that supposedly came into being during that period.

  • 33.
    Ahnelöv, Ingrid
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Att lära genom att skriva: Om samspelet mellan skrivande och research vid tilblivelsen av Mor Elisabeth2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34.
    Airey, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Disciplinary literacy2013In: Scientific literacy: Teori och praktik / [ed] Eva Lundqvist, Roger Säljö, Leif Östman, Malmö, Sweden: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2013, p. 41-58Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta kapitel läggs fram ett nytt begrepp, disciplinary literacy, som ett alternativ till scientific literacy. För varje ämne, disciplinary literacy inriktar sig mot kommunikativa praktiker inom tre miljöer: akademin, arbetsplatsen och samhället och definieras som förmågan att delta i dessa ämnesrelaterade kommunikativa praktiker på ett lämpligt sätt. Frågeställningen för kapitlet är om det kan vara givande att betrakta främjandet av studenters disciplinary literacy som ett av de huvudsakliga målen med universitetsstudier. Tillämpningen av begreppet illustreras genom material hämtat från ett forskningsprojekt där högskolelärare i fysik från Sverige och Sydafrika diskuterar de lärandemål de har för sina studenter.

  • 35.
    Airey, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    From stimulated recall to disciplinary literacy: Summarizing ten years of research into teaching and learning in English2015In: English-Medium Instruction in European Higher Education: English in Europe. Volume 3 / [ed] Dimova, S. Hultgren, A-K. Jensen, C., Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2015, p. 157-176Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter summarizes my research work in Swedish higher education in the area of teaching and learning in English. Sweden makes for a particularly interesting case study since there are high levels of English competence in the general population and a large percentage of university courses have traditionally been taught through the medium of English.

    The work I have done falls into three broad categories:  University learning in English, University teaching in English and Disciplinary differences in attitudes to English language use.

    Over the years I have used a range of data collection techniques including video recordings of lectures, semi-structured interviews, questionnaires and stimulated recall. The research work is almost exclusively qualitative in nature adopting a case study approach.

  • 36.
    Airey, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Lecturing in English: Comparing fluency and content in L1 and L22013In: ICLHE 2013: Integrating Content and Language in Higher Education. University of Maastricht, Netherlands, 11-13 April, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years there has been a noticeable trend in many countries towards teaching university courses in English. However, from a research perspective, difficulties in obtaining comparative data have meant that little is known about what happens when lecturers change teaching language in this way.

    The work presented here follows eighteen lecturers of various disciplines from two Swedish universities who are in the process of changing their teaching language to English. The lecturers were all participants on a teaching in English training course (7.5 ECTS). As part of the course the lecturers gave ten-minute mini-lectures in their first language in a subject area that they usually teach. The following week, the lecturers gave the same lectures again in English.

    The lecture transcripts were analysed in terms of the content presented and comparative fluency. The majority of the lecturers present very similar content in both languages. However, all the lecturers speak more slowly and have shorter runs and more hesitations in their English lectures. There are a number of important differences in the ways in which lecturers dealt with this ‘slowing down’ in English, ranging from making changes to their pedagogical approach to running over time or cutting off the whole end of the lecture.

    In earlier studies lecturers who regularly teach in English suggest they do not notice much difference when teaching in one language or another. However, qualitative analysis of the 18 lecturers’ course reflections (approximately 60 000 words) shows that they were acutely aware of their limitations when teaching in English.

    This analysis provides further insights into the experiences of lecturers who are in the process of changing teaching language and a number of pedagogical recommendations are made.

  • 37.
    Airey, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Stockholm University.
    Tarja Nikula, Emma Dafouz, PatMoore and Ute Smit (Eds.). Conceptualising integration in CLIL and multilingual education. (2016),Bristol: Multilingual Matters. 276 pp., ISBN978-1-78309-613-8 (PBK).2017In: ESP Today - Journal of English for Specific Purposes at Tertiary Level, E-ISSN 2334-9050, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 297-302Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Berge, Maria
    Umeå University.
    Music and physics don’t mix!: What the humorous misuse of disciplinary-specific semiotic resources can tell us about disciplinary boundaries.2014In: The 5th International 360 Conference. Encompassing the multimodality of knowledge, May 8-10 2014, Aarhus University, Denmark, Aarhus: Aarhus University , 2014, p. 21-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Becoming part of an academic discipline has been described both in terms of becoming fluent in a disciplinary discourse (Airey 2009; Airey & Linder 2009; Northedge 2002) and achieving disciplinary literacy (Airey 2011, 2013; Geisler 1994). In this paper we investigate disciplinary boundaries by documenting the responses of academics to a semiotic disciplinary hybrid. The hybrid we use is the Physikalisches Lied, a bogus piece of sheet music into which disciplinary-specific semiotic resources from the realm of physics have been incorporated to humorous effect.

    The piece is presented to three distinct disciplinary focus groups: physicists, musicians and a group of academics who have had little contact with either discipline. In order to elicit disciplinary responses that are free from researcher prompts, each focus group is first asked the simple, open-ended question What do you see here? Once discussion of this question is exhausted the focus groups are asked to identify as many puns as they can—essentially all the disciplinary items that they feel have been misappropriated—and to attempt to explain what this means from a disciplinary standpoint. The differences in the responses of the three groups are presented and analysed.

    We argue that the semiotic resources focused on by each of the three groups and the nature of the explanation offered provide evidence of the degree of integration into the disciplines of physics and music. Our findings shed light on the process of becoming a disciplinary insider and the semiotic work involved in this process.

  • 39.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Larsson, Johanna
    Uppsala University.
    What Knowledge Do Trainee Physics Teachers Need to Learn?: Differences in the Views of Training Staff2014In: International Science Education Conference ISEC 2014, National Institute of Education, Singapore, 25-27 November, 2014, Singapore: Ministry of Education, National Institute of Education , 2014, p. 62-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the impact of disciplinary differences on teaching and learning has been extensively discussed in the literature (e.g. Becher 1989; Becher and Trowler 2001; Lindblom-Ylännea et al. 2006; Neumann 2001; Neumann and Becher 2002), little research has explored this issue in relation to teacher training. In particular, we know of no work that examines differing views about the knowledge that trainee teachers need to learn across different settings. In this paper we analyse differences in the expressed views of staff involved in the training of prospective physics teachers in three environments: the education department, the physics department and schools. We analyse these differences in terms of two constructs: disciplinary literacy goals (Airey 2011, 2013) and disciplinary knowledge structures (Bernstein 1999).

    In terms of disciplinary literacy we find a stronger emphasis on learning goals for the academy expressed by informants from the physics and education departments. This can be contrasted with the view that the needs of the workplace are paramount expressed by school practitioners.

    Then, using Bernstein’s knowledge structures, we also identify clear differences in views about the nature of knowledge itself with a more hierarchical view of knowledge prevalent in the physics department and the more horizontal view of knowledge prevalent in the education department.

    The study highlights the often-conflicting signals about what constitutes useful knowledge that prospective physics teachers need to negotiate during their training. We tentatively suggest that more attention should be paid to both the theory/practice divide and potential epistemological differences in the training of prospective teachers.

  • 40.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Lauridsen, Karen M.
    Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Rasanen, Anne
    University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Salo, Linus
    Stockholm University.
    Schwach, Vera
    Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education, Norway.
    The expansion of English-medium instruction in the Nordic countries: Can top-down university language policies encourage bottom-up disciplinary literacy goals?2017In: Higher Education, ISSN 0018-1560, E-ISSN 1573-174X, Vol. 73, no 4, p. 561-576Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, in the wake of the Bologna Declaration and similar international initiatives, there has been a rapid increase in the number of university courses and programmes taught through the medium of English. Surveys have consistently shown the Nordic countries to be at the forefront of this trend towards English-medium instruction (EMI). In this paper, we discuss the introduction of EMI in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden). We present the educational setting and the EMI debate in each of these countries and summarize relevant research findings. We then make some tentative suggestions for the introduction of EMI in higher education in other countries. In particular, we are interested in university language policies and their relevance for the day-to-day work of faculty. We problematize one-size-fits-all university language policies, suggesting that in order for policies to be seen as relevant they need to be flexible enough to take into account disciplinary differences. In this respect, we make some specific suggestions about the content of university language policies and EMI course syllabuses. Here we recommend that university language policies should encourage the discussion of disciplinary literacy goals and require course syllabuses to detail disciplinary-specific language-learning outcomes.

  • 41.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Linder, Anne
    Uppsala University.
    Mayaba, Nokhanyo
    Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa.
    Webb, Paul
    Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa.
    Problematising Disciplinary Literacy in a Multilingual Society: The Case of University Physics in South Africa2013In: 21st Annual Conference of the Southern African Association for Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa, 14 - 17 January, 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over a decade has passed since Northedge (2002) convincingly argued that the role of the university lecturer should be viewed as one of leading students on excursions into the specialist discourse of their field. In his view, disciplinary discourses have come into being in order to create and share disciplinary knowledge that could not otherwise be appropriately construed in everyday discourse. Thus, Northedge’s conclusion is that in order for disciplinary learning to occur, students will need explicit guidance in accessing and using the specialist discourse of their chosen field. Building on this work, Airey (in press) argues that all university lecturers are, at least to some extent, teachers of language—even in monolingual settings. A radical approach to this claim has been suggested by Wickman and Östman (2002) who insist that learning itself be treated as a form of discourse change.

    In an attempt to operationalise Wickman and Östman’s assertion, Airey (2011b) suggests that the goals of any undergraduate degree programme may be framed in terms of the development of disciplinary literacy. Here, disciplinary literacy is defined as the ability to appropriately participate in the communicative practices of a discipline. Further, in his subsequent work, Airey (2011a) claims that all disciplines attempt to meet the needs of three specific sites: the academy, the workplace and society. He argues that the relative emphasis placed on teaching for these three sites will be different from discipline to discipline and will indeed vary within a discipline depending on the setting. In the South African setting two questions arise from this assertion. The first is: For any given discipline, what particular balance between teaching for the academy, the workplace and society is desirable and/or practicable? The second question follows on from the first: Having pragmatically decided on the teaching balance between the academy, workplace and society, what consequences does the decision have for the language(s) that lecturers should be helping their students to interpret and use? In order to address these two questions we conducted an interview-based case study of the disciplinary literacy goals of South African university lecturers in one particular discipline (physics). Thus, our overarching research question is as follows: How do South African physics lecturers problematise the development of disciplinary literacy in their students?

    The data collected forms part of a larger international comparative study of the disciplinary literacy goals of physics lecturers in Sweden and South Africa. A disciplinary literacy discussion matrix (Airey, 2011a) was employed as the starting point for conducting in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 20 physics lecturers from five South African universities. The choice of these five universities was purposeful—their student cohorts encompassing a range of different first languages and cultural backgrounds. The interviews were conducted in English, lasted between 30 and 60 minutes, and were later transcribed verbatim. The transcripts were then analysed qualitatively. This involved “working with data, organizing it, breaking it into manageable units, synthesizing it, searching for patterns, discovering what is important and what is to be learned, and deciding what you will tell others” (Bogdan & Biklen, 1992:145).

    The main finding of this study is that all the lecturers mentioned language as being problematic in some way. However, there were a number of important differences in the ways the lecturers problematise the development of disciplinary literacy both across and within the different university physics departments. These differences can be seen to involve on the one hand, the lecturers’ own self-image in terms of whether they are comfortable with viewing themselves as language teachers/literacy developers, and on the other hand, their recognition of the diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds of their students. The differences will be illustrated and discussed using transcript excerpts. These findings are in contrast to parallel data collected in Sweden. In that particular (bilingual) setting, language was viewed as unproblematic, and the most striking characteristic was the very similarity of the responses of physics lecturers (Airey, in press). It is thus suggested that the differences in findings between Sweden and South Africa are a product of the latter’s diverse multilingual and multicultural environment. One pedagogical conclusion is that, given the differences in approach we find, inter- and intra faculty discussions about undergraduate disciplinary literacy goals would appear to have the distinct potential for reforming undergraduate physics. Similarly, an administrative conclusion is that a one-size-fits-all language policy for universities does not appear to be meaningful in such a diverse multilingual/multicultural environment.

    Finally, it should be mentioned that our choice of physics as an exemplar in this study has important implications for the interpretation of the findings. Drawing on Bernstein (1999), Martin (2011) suggests that disciplines have predominantly horizontal or hierarchical knowledge structures. Here it is claimed that physics has the most hierarchical knowledge structure of all disciplines. Thus, the findings presented here should be taken as illustrative of the situation in disciplines with more hierarchical knowledge structures (such as the natural and applied sciences). Kuteeva and Airey (in review) find that the issue of the language of instruction in such disciplines is viewed as much less problematic than in disciplines with more horizontal knowledge structures (such as the arts, humanities and, to some extent, social sciences). See Bennett (2010) for a provocative discussion of language use in such disciplines.

  • 42.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Linder, Cedric
    Uppsala University.
    Social semiotics in university physics education: Leveraging critical constellations of disciplinary representations2015In: Science Education Research: Engaging learners for a sustainable future / [ed] Jari Lavonen, Kalle Juuti, Jarkko Lampiselkä, Anna Uitto, Kaisa Hahl, European Science Education Research Association , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social semiotics is a broad construct where all communication is viewed as being realized through signs and their signification. In physics education we usually refer to these signs as disciplinary representations. These disciplinary representations are the semiotic resources used in physics communication, such as written and oral languages, diagrams, graphs, mathematics, apparatus and simulations. This alternative depiction of representations is used to build theory with respect to the construction and sharing of disciplinary knowledge in the teaching and learning of university physics. Based on empirical studies of physics students cooperating to explain the refraction of light, a number of theoretical constructs were developed. In this presentation we describe these constructs and examine their usefulness for problematizing teaching and learning in university physics. The theoretical constructs are: fluency in semiotic resources, disciplinary affordance and critical constellations.

    The conclusion formulates a proposal that has these constructs provide university physics teachers with a new set of meaningfully and practical tools, which will enable them to re-conceptualize their practice in ways that have the distinct potential to optimally enhance student learning.

  • 43.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Urban, Eriksson
    Uppsala University ; Kristianstad University.
    A Semiotic Analysis of the Disciplinary Affordances of the Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram in Astronomy2014In: The 5th International 360 Conference, Encompassing the multimodality of knowledge, May 8-10 2014, Aarhus University, Denmark, Aarhus: Aarhus University , 2014, p. 22-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the central characteristics of disciplines is that they create their own particular ways of knowing the world through their discourse (Airey & Linder 2009). This process is facilitated by the specialization and refinement of disciplinary-specific semiotic resources over time. Nowhere is this truer than in the sciences, where it is the norm that disciplinary-specific representations have been introduced and then refined by a number of different actors (Airey 2009). As a consequence, many of the semiotic resources used in the sciences today still retain some traces of their historical roots. This makes the aquisition of disciplinary literacy (Airey, 2013) particularly problematic (see Eriksson et al. 2014 for an example from astronomy).

     In this paper we analyse one such disciplinary-specific semiotic resource from the field of Astronomy—the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram. We audit the potential of this semiotic resource to provide access to disciplinary knowledge—what Fredlund et al (2012) have termed its disciplinary affordances. Our analysis includes consideration of the use of scales, labels, symbols, sizes and colour. We show how, for historical reasons, the use of these aspects in the resource may differ from what might be expected by a newcomer to the discipline.

    We suggest that some of the issues we highlight in our analysis may, in fact, be contributors to alternative conceptions and therefore propose that lecturers pay particular attention to the disambiguation of these features for their students.

  • 44.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Urban, Eriksson
    Uppsala University ; Kristianstad University.
    What do you see here?: Using an analysis of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram in astronomy to create a survey of disciplinary discernment.2014In: The first Conference of the International Association for Cognitive Semiotics, Lund, Sweden, 25-27 Sept 2014, 2014, p. 52-53Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Becoming part of a discipline involves learning to interpret and use a range of disciplinary-specific semiotic resources (Airey, 2009). These resources have been developed and assigned particular specialist meanings over time. Nowhere is this truer than in the sciences, where it is the norm that disciplinary-specific representations have been introduced and then refined by a number of different actors in order to reconcile them with subsequent empirical and theoretical advances. As a consequence, many of the semiotic resources used in the sciences today still retain some (potentially confusing) traces of their historical roots. However, it has been repeatedly shown that university lecturers underestimate the challenges such disciplinary specific semiotic resources may present to undergraduates (Northedge, 2002; Tobias, 1986).

    In this paper we analyse one such disciplinary-specific semiotic resource from the field of Astronomy—the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram. First, we audit the potential of this semiotic resource to provide access to disciplinary knowledge—what Fredlund et al (2012) have termed its disciplinary affordances. Our analysis includes consideration of the use of scales, labels, symbols, sizes and colour. We show how, for historical reasons, the use of these aspects in the resource may differ from what might be expected by a newcomer to the discipline. Using the results of our analysis we then created an online questionnaire to probe what is discerned (Eriksson, Linder, Airey, & Redfors, in press) with respect to each of these aspects by astronomers and physicists ranging from first year undergraduates to university professors.

    Our findings suggest that some of the issues we highlight in our analysis may, in fact, be contributors to the alternative conceptions of undergraduate students and we therefore propose that lecturers pay particular attention to the disambiguation of these features for their students.

  • 45.
    Akrawi, Annika
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Lindstrand, Karolina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Förskolans arbete med barns modersmålsstöd: En studie om modersmålet i förskolan och dess betydelse för språkutvecklingen2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett av förskolans uppdrag är att barn med annat modersmål än svenska får möjlighet att utveckla både det svenska språket och sitt modersmål, språket är en del av deras identitet. Syftet med denna undersökning har varit att undersöka hur pedagoger och modersmålstränare arbetar och samarbetar för att ge barnen en god grund i deras språkutveckling. Detta har vi undersökt genom följande frågeställningar: Hur lägger modersmålstränarna upp modersmålsundervisningen i förskolan för att främja barnens språkutveckling? Vad är det som styr? Hur arbetar pedagogerna i förskolan med att främja flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling?

    Undersökningen grundas på en kvalitativ undersökning med fem informanters medverkan, forskning och litteratur. I resultatet får vi ta del av informanternas erfarenheter kring barn med annat modersmål än svenska. I vår undersökning har vi sett att hur modersmålstränares och pedagogers arbete handlar mycket om individen och deras behov samt vilka förutsättningar som finns. Modersmålsstöd stärker barnens modersmål men även barnens kulturella identitet.

  • 46.
    Alchalabi, Hayfaa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Your Exotic, Your Victim, Your Terrorist.: Visual storytelling to challenge the Western stigma of Arab women living in areas of conflict.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explore how illustrative storytelling can challenge the western stigma of Arab women in areas of conflict. This exploration will be done through an analysis on the history and the current visualization of Arab women in the west and a series of illustrations I will be creating that propose a narrative opposing this visualization. My study will show how the visual references used for my research have had a major effect in shaping the image of the Arab women in the west. The aim of this project is to use the same characteristics that fall under the stereotypical visualizations of Arab women to challenge the stigma of classifying these women as; the terrorist, the exotic, and/or the oppressed. The purpose of my project is to create a change in the way the western audience perceives Arab women in areas of conflict. I will therefore analyze in this essay how western media and art have shaped the collective view the west has on Arab women. Furthermore, the essay will explain how storytelling proposes a rejection to the static depiction of Arab women in western media and introduces instead an element of an evolving story. This project proposes a sustainable way of looking at gender and conflict in the Arab world provoking questions around the visualization of these women and creating discussions about the accuracy of the perception the west has created. This in turn re-contextualizes the visualization of the identity of Arab women in the west with the aim of breaking the objectification these women.

  • 47.
    Aldevinge, Ida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    'Knock, knock, who's there?': - A B2B intervention that questions the existing way of portraying material knowledge2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is investigating in how current buying and purchasing decisions within retail interior are made and how they possibly could be changed or affected with sensory engagement, to promote social sustainability by promoting individual knowledge and sense making in B2B (business to business) context. 

    The background for this thesis sprung from many sources but is mainly based on the last couple of decades’ societal changes in both digital developments, contributing to more separated consumer behaviour but also in the economical shift from a production area to a consumption age. Which both have fostered a, social and common confidence in the visual sense. 

    Purchasers are today in 2017, are despite last year’s recent sustainability focus within, b2b, still controlled by business factors such as generating profit and increase market share. For this reason and due to a supportive technical development urging on screen information, much of previous instinctive material and production knowledge have gone missing since the faith in the mere visual still dominate the human perception and information intake. 

    Business reliance on economical components has proven to not support the individual knowledge generation nor engage with entailing learning. In a series of interviews and LAB experiments this thesis explored the concept of lost material knowledge and developed a conceptual design tool for conversation and learning. Reaching out to rookies as well as advanced constructors of retail interior creating a bridge of tactile experiences to discuss and explore in B2B. 

    By creating a common tool, effacing the focus on the visual, this thesis argues for the importance of bringing back the information and richness of tactile engagement in order to support and foster the individual learning process and break the chain of lost knowledge. 

    A hypothesis that this essay is arguing for is that a reintroduction of importance at the individual level can make employees, within B2B, feel more involved and important in its development. In the long run, a continuation and development of this type of methods could change and question existing business strategies and promote the possibilities for social soft values to enter the B2B world.

  • 48.
    Alexandersson, Alexandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Det finns inget facit för bedömning i bildämnet: Komplexiteten i relationen mellan några bildlärares ämneskonception och deras syn på bedömning i bildämnet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att analysera hur bildlärares ämneskonception relaterar till deras syn på bedömning i bildämnet. Data från intervjuer med lärare, sju intervjuer via e-post och en muntlig kvalitativ intervju, analyserades med en fenomenografisk metod och tolkades sedan i ljuset av teorin om ämneskonception. Två olika olika ämnes-konceptioner fanns bland lärarna, synen på bildämnet som antingen praktiskt-estetiskt eller som kommunikativt. Samma skillnad konstaterades också när det gäller lärarnas syn på bedömning inom bildämnet. Tolkningarna användes för att utforma en modell som illustrerar förhållandet mellan ovanstående och visar att lärarnas ämneskonceptioner och deras syn på bedömning i det samma samma korrelerade. Resultaten kan dock endast ses som en indikation på detta förhållande, eftersom relationen är komplex och studien inte kan generaliseras.

  • 49.
    Alexandersson, Alexandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Fantasy är inte bara verklighetsflykt: Att använda fantasy för att utveckla elevers läsförståelse och motivera till läsning av kanoniska texter2013Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att undersöka hur fantasy kan användas för att öka elevers läsförståelse. Min uppsats är teoretisk på så sätt att jag inte har gjort någon empirisk undersökning. Jag har istället använt mig av läsförståelseundersökningar, litteratur om läsning samt genomfört en litteraturanalys av Tolkiens Härskarringen.

     

    De undersökningar jag använt mig av, PISA-undersökningen från 2009 och IEA:s undersökning om läsförståelse, visar att pojkar generellt har sämre läsförståelse, framförallt på de berättande texterna, och därför har jag valt att fokusera på fantasy, som är en genre som Olin-Scheller (2006) i sin undersökning kommit fram till att pojkar föredrar.

     

    Pojkars sämre läsförståelse kan förstås som vilken läsarroll de intar vid läsningen, ett uttryck från Appleyard som Olin-Scheller använder sig av för att förklara elevers läsning. Då högre läsförståelse kräver att läsaren intar rollen som tolkare, har jag i min analys av Tolkiens Härskarringen gått in i den rollen och visat på de delar i verken som en lärare skulle kunna lyfta fram för eleverna. Eftersom pojkar inte lika ofta når upp till rollen som tolkare och därför avvisar texter som kräver den rollen vill jag visa hur de kan stanna i den genre de trivs med (här kommer motivationsaspekten in) och ändå utveckla sina läsarroller. Då Tolkiens verk även har så många referenser till andra texter, ofta kanoniska, är det min förhoppning att eleverna genom att komma till insikt om detta även ska motiveras till att läsa dessa texter och förstå hur ett litterärt verk bara kan förstås i sitt sammanhang.

  • 50.
    Alexandersson, Alexandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Från E till A i samma text: Hur sju svensklärares och fem svensklärarstudenters bedömning av en elevtext varierar i helhet och detalj.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate how Swedish teachers and student teachers of Swedish vary in their assessment of a pupil’s text, in judging both the text as a whole and its parts. In the study the informants were asked to assess a pupil’s text (a text presenting an argument) from the national examination in Swedish 1 with the aid of an assessment matrix and then complete a questionnaire assessing the text as a whole and in its parts. The responses to the questionnaire were analysed statistically with a focus on how the assessments varied. A sociocultural and situated perspective was applied in the study, along with psychometry and the theory of discourses of writing, to give more perspectives on the results. The study found that the assessments varied between grades C and A for the text as a whole and between E and A for the aspects of argumentation, content and critical reading, contextual signals and reference connectors, introduction, conclusion, situational adaptation and self-sustaining. The study also found that the student teachers were generally stricter in their assessment. The greatest variations in the student teachers’ assessment were found to concern aspects of the communication discourse, while in the teachers’ assessment it was aspects of the construction discourse that revealed the greatest variation. The greatest difference between the two groups concerned aspects of the correction discourse.

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