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  • 1.
    Abdulahiayan, Shaho
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Eliassi, Razgar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Om inkludering och exkludering och ungdomars idrottsdeltagande.: Kvalitativ studie om idrottsflreningars och ideella personers arbetssätt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper was to study what impact sports participation has on young people and how nonprofit people and representatives of sports associations work to counter exclusion and how they contribute to inclusion. We investigated if, and if so how, participation in sports and physical activities can generate inclusion and counteract exclusion for young people. In this study we have completed six qualitative interviews with non-profit persons and representatives of sports associations. We interviewed two people who work voluntarily in sports and four people who have a leadership role in sports associations in a specific municipality. This selection was made in order for us to get a broader picture of how the strategies of non-profit and associations might differ in practice regarding exclusion and inclusion for young people. Based on our respondents' answers from the interviews, we have identified four main themes; expectations and demands, the socialization arena, working methods and the negative and positive factors of sports. We analyzed these themes based on previous research and theory sections and to our purpose and issues. The main conclusion we made was that sport contributes to community, belonging, joy, exercise, reduced risk of physical and mental illnesses and facilitates the integration of newly immigrated youth. Our conclusion regarding negative factors with sports are that young people might develop some form of eating disorder, overload their bodies if they exercise too much and that the risks of getting physical injuries might increase if they participate in sports too much. In response to our last research question, it emerges that economy might be an exclusive factor that sport associations try to prevent in different ways. The associations and the working methods of the non-profit people differ in terms of generating inclusion and counteracting exclusion.

  • 2.
    Abedali, Besma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Karlstrand, Moa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ”Man ska vara den man är, men man blir lite större”: En kvalitativ studie om hur boendepersonal på HVB för ensamkommande barn förstår och omsätter begreppet ”integration”2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the concept of “integration” within residential care homes for unaccompanied children. More specifically its aim was to find out how the social workers themselves within residential care homes for unaccompanied children understand the concept of integration and how they work for it. The study was based on a qualitative semi-structured interviews with seven social workers within four residential care homes for unaccompanied children. Six themes were identified that seemed to play a role in the discussions about integration: development-acceptance, learning process, communication & relationships, process, personality and common sense. The analysis was based on previous research in the field and the theory of action by Pierre Bourdieu called practical reason. As a conclusion the first three themes can be seen as an understanding of the concept of “integration”. The last three themes exemplify the practical integration work. Despite the lack of regulatory documents, the social workers show a common understanding of the concept and a similar implementation which can be explained by a dominant implicit doxa within the field.

  • 3.
    Abelli, Annika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Promotionsarbete med unga i förorten: - En kvalitativ fallstudie av RGRA, Rörelsen gatans röst & ansikte2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This studie explores how a promotive youth movement that aims to activate adolescents in economically and socially exposed areas, can affect the youth’s participation in society and oppose their experience of stigmatization. The youth movement, whom is being studied, uses urban art expressions as a mean to engage and motivate the adolescents. The empirism has mostly been collected by a limited participatory observation, and through qualitative interviews with staff and adolescents in the movement. The result has been analyzed through Pierre Bourdieus field theory. To summarise, field theory consists in the hypothesis that the individual is socialized in to his or her way of thinking and being (habitus), based on in which circumstances the individual is raised (in which field). Habitus affects the choices the individual makes throughout life. An individuals habitus is affected by three types of capital, which Bourdieu has named economical-, social-, and cultural capital. This essay analyzes how the promotive youth movement contributes to the adolescent’s social- and cultural capital. I have found that this largely happens by giving the adolescents different types of tools to be seen and heard, based on the concept of hip hop as a political instrument. The most prominent tool in the everyday activities is the opportunity to record music in a professional studio. Other tools that are used are the opportunity to host the movements own radio show, participate in the arranging of different types of events, and such. I have also found that the support from an extra adult and the connection within the movement are central providers of social capital.

  • 4.
    Adell, Regina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson, Felicia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barnets bästa i umgänges– och vårdnadstvister: En diskursanalys av svenska domstolars resonemang2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to analyse how Swedish courts reason about the child's best in custody and access disputes. We have assumed different themes to analyse our empirical data, these themes were the child's best interests, perspective on the child's best interests, child's perspective, children as subjects or objects and finally the right of the child or the child's best interests. Our empirical data have consisted of 15 City Court and Court of Appeal judgments of the Swedish courts handed down in 2015. The study had a qualitative disposition and the selection was made strategically to make sure the empirical data would be relevant to our issues. We have used a discourse analysis where the intention was to study how the court reason about the child’s interests and what statements that gets preference and what gets excluded in the assessment. Our theoretical starting point was extracted from Foucault’s theory about power and his discourse concept. We have used the concept of his theory in our analysis, but also extracted the theoretical concepts from previous research. The result shows that the Court's assessment of what is in the child’s best interest is based primarily on a professional and adult perspective on the child's situation. The individual child's perspective was excluded and the Court was principally talking about children's needs and interests in general. The result also showed that children were seen as objects and not as participants in the majority of the cases.

  • 5.
    Adolfsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nyberg, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Medgivandeutredningar: En kvalitativ studie om handläggares riktlinjer vid bedömningar i medgivandeutredningar vid adoption.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to gain a deeper understanding of the administrative officials work with assessments in home studies of adoption. To answer the purpose, we chose to focus on the guidelines for administrative official’s assessments in home studies of adoption and what assessment areas that is fundamental to the administrative official’s assessments. The study is structured on the basis of a qualitative approach where we have used semi-structured interviews. We interviewed seven administrative officials in the social services which conducted home studies of adoption. The interviews were conducted in different municipalities in order to demonstrate that the result does not depend on local circumstances. We can however say that administrative officials in the various municipalities had close cooperation among themselves, which resulted in that the local factor could have some impact on the result. We have analysed the results based on theories of discretion and the street-level bureaucracy. We have in this study concluded that all administrative officials used the same guidelines and almost all of the administrative officials used the same investigation method. Even though all the administrative officials emanated from the same guidelines and though almost all of the seven administrative officials also used the same investigating method, we discovered in the results and analysis section that the implementation in home studies of adoption may differ between administrative officials in the various municipalities. We have interpreted this result as a consequence based on how each administrative official uses their discretion. Furthermore we found that the administrative officials did not think that there was one assessment area that was more important. There are a number of areas that are important to consider which depends on the applicant's background.

  • 6.
    Agevall Gross, Lotta
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kjellgren, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Brottsoffer i indikatorland: Öppna jämförelser inom socialtjänstens brottsofferstödjande arbete2015In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 22, no 3-4, p. 341-358Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 7. Agevall Gross, Lotta
    et al.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Brottsoffer i indikatorland: en analys av programidén och implementeringen av Öppna jämförelser inom brottsofferområdet2015In: Presentation på Brottsoffermyndighetens viktimologiska forskarkonferens, 10 november 2015, Stockholm, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Idén om mål- och resultatstyrningen har fått stort genomslag i offentlig förvaltning. Det brottsofferstödjande arbetet som riktas mot våldsutsatta personer har liksom andra ansvarsområden inom socialtjänstens verksamhetsfält mött ökade krav på att säkra och redovisa kvalitet. Öppna jämförelser är ett instrument som används inom offentlig verksamhet för att mäta, offentliggöra och jämföra kvaliteten av det arbete som bedrivs. År 2012 lanserades för första gången öppna jämförelser inom brottsofferområdet. I studien analyseras Öppna jämförelsers programidé och dess implementering inom brottsofferområdet. Empirin utgörs av för studiens syfte, relevanta styrdokument samt intervjuer med aktörer på central nivå (Socialstyrelsen och SKL), regional nivå (Länsstyrelsen) samt lokal nivå (två fallkommuner i södra Sverige) Fokus riktas mot hur de har arbetat med Öppna jämförelser och vilka erfarenheter de har gjort. 12 I presentationen av studien visar författarna hur Öppna jämförelser avseende stöd till brottsoffer inte fått det genomslag som regeringen förutsatt. Den politiska styrningen är tydlig samtidigt som de olika ”intressenter” som Öppna jämförelser är tänkt att vara till för i praktiken givits en marginaliserad position

  • 8.
    Agné, Gabriella
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Larsson, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Funktionshinderpolitiskt program: fallstudie om kommuns implementering av en FN-konvention2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Author: Gabriella Agné and Helena Larsson

    Title: Disability policy program – a case study of a municipals implementation of UNs Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

    Supervisor: Marianne Westring-Nordh

    Assessor: Ulf Drugge

    This study aims to examine how a small municipal in southern Sweden works with the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and examine the assistant officers knowledge about this work and user organizations inclusion and user involvement.

    The study operates from a qualitative approach based on the results of nine semi-structured interviews with local politicians, assistance officers and representatives from three different user organizations.

    The results show that the municipal has chosen to work with the implementation of the convention by creating policy programs for their departments through dialogue with user organizations, and by mapping the accessibility to public places. The results also show that the assistant officers have been given no information regarding the convention or the policy programs from their employers and instead operate from national legislations and prepositions. The user organizations feel that they were initially included in the process, but that their impact has later been removed due to structural reorganization.

  • 9.
    Agovic, Mujesira
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kvinnor som bryter upp från en våldsam relation: En analys av fem självbiografier2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study describes five autobiographies of women who have been victims of domestic violence, in order to then analyse the processes that enable women to leave a violent husband. The questions I wanted to look in too were: How do the women in the autobiographies describe the process when they free themselves from the man?  What are the difficulties women face in the process of getting out of a violent relationship and how to explain this process?  How experience and process the woman the relationship to the man after she left him? It appears that women are feeling great in the beginning of the relationships.  The men were loving and allure. This changed and the men exerted violence and tried to control and demanded the women's adaptation. Control and customization go hand in hand and are becoming gradually stronger. The process is gradually changing, not on a conscious level, that the destructive, violent relationship becomes normalized. The paper deals with the normalization process, emotional ties, breaking-up processes and exit process. The study is based on the hermeneutists perspective. Narrative analyse is also used in order to decode the autobiographies. For a woman to succeed with the breakup, she must recognize that she must leave the man and make decisions for herself. Insight gives women the strength to move on from the relationship. All the women in the autobiographies describe that they have broken free from the relationship and that they now lead a good life.

  • 10.
    Ahlberg, Rebecka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barnets bästa: En kvalitativ studie av familjerättssekreterarens arbete med barns delaktighet i samarbetssamtal2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how family law secretaries in Sweden works with fulfilling the best interests of the child in collaboration talks and how they get children involved in the process. I have performed five semi-constructed interviews with family law secretaries from different municipalities. In order to achieve broader answers to my questions I have chosen to use a qualitative method. This method was also chosen to enable the possibility of follow-up questions. I gathered data from previous research in this area by searching after these keywords; child’s best, collaboration talk, custody, family law, children’s participation in investigations. The collected data was then analyzed with three different theories; Michael Lipsky’s theory about grass root bureaucrats, Svensson, Johansson & Laanemets’ theory about the social worker role and Roger Hart’s participation model.  The participants that were interviewed all stated that it was difficult to fulfill the child’s best as it is an open concept that can be interpreted differently depending on the secretary’s individual knowledge and scope. Among the participants there were some of them that had deeper knowledge concerning the principle of the child’s best. This knowledge had been achieved through further education which ensures higher certainty that the child’s best has been fulfilled, but also raises awareness on when participation of the child in collaboration talk is possible. For those secretaries that are lacking this deeper knowledge in this principle agree that there are difficulties to ensure that the child’s best has been fulfilled. Because of the difference in knowledge there were variances in deciding when it was possible for a child to participate in the collaboration talk. Some of the secretaries thought that it was important to get the children involved in collaboration talks, but some thought that collaboration talks were not a platform for small children to participate in. This means that children are encountered in different ways depending on which family law secretary they meet and in what municipality the collaboration talk is held in.

  • 11.
    Ahlgren, Thorbjörn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Institutionalisering på hemmaplan: En idés resa i den sociala barnavården2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes and analyses in three substudies how home-based measures for children are expanding and why an open care idea are established as part of the Swedish child welfare. The first substudy describes the national increment of what today can be considered as a treatment policy – non-institutional care in child welfare. The results are analysed with Kingdon's agenda setting theory and shows that the factors of what Kingdon describes as problems-, politics- and policyflow influenced the national increment. Significant mechanisms have primarily been, the profession, the society's concerns for socially disadvantaged children, negative experiences of institutionalisation and a political position to deinstitutionalise all care. The second substudy focuses on how knowledge and research contributes to ideological, professional, and organizational change in child welfare by analysis of Research & Developments reports and articles from the professional journal Socionomen. Based on the neo-institutional concepts of organisational fields and isoformism the study's results shows that a consequence of adaptation strategies and "rationalized myths" are a number of similarities in how home-based measures are organized and which measures that are used. The third substudy, a case study, analyses how we can understand a local development of ideas in social services for children with concepts from neo institutional theory. Interviews and municipal documents are analysed and shows that the local translation of an open care idea is characterized by discretion, personal preferences and action and affects the choice of method and organization. The study also shows a political mistrust of institutional care while there is at the same time political confidence in the individual social worker's ability to find solutions that allow non-institutional measures to be an alternative to institutional care.

    An overall conclusion of the thesis is that there is now a treatment policy in social services for the children, which involves extensive efforts at home and it has led to that more children receive support from social services. One result of non-institutional care increment is that it led to increased costs for municipalities for intervention for children and young people when out-of-home care has not decreased. Another general conclusion is that translation and adaptation of ideas to local contexts is something that generally fits street-level bureaucrats need for discretion.

     

     

     

  • 12.
    Ahmetovic, Adela
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sahlborg Arroyo, Ofelia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Osäkerhet i ärendehantering: En kvantitativ vinjettstudie om socialsekreterares hantering av barnavårdsärenden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social workers within child protection are faced with complex cases where they must comply with guidelines and regulations and at the same time also use the knowledge and experience that they as professionals have gained through the work. Research shows that there is also uncertainty among social workers in the management of child cases. The purpose of this study was to investigate, through a survey, whether there is an uncertainty in case management and decision-making regarding children who experience domestic violence. The purpose was also to investigate whether there is a variation regarding social worker’s education, experience and case management where children experience violence. The study is based on the concepts profession and institutionalization. The results of the survey show that the social worker feels confident in decision-making concerning child cases. However, a variation regarding social workers uncertainty in investigation is shown, where some are more confident and others not at all. Results also show that the majority of the social workers have a social science degree. The social workers consider that they have little or no knowledge and experience of children experiencing violence. The social workers had to handle fictitious cases where they all agree to open investigations to both cases. However, there was a variation regarding what intervention they recommend for the cases. Although the social workers have stated that the guidelines in their workplace provide support in case management, they consider that they have relatively large scope for action and self-determination. This may lead to that they choose different interventions when assessing. This can eventually result in the cases being handled differently depending on which social worker handles the case.

  • 13.
    Aisindi, Jonna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The Marginal Social Worker: Exploring how Namibian social work students perceive and implement knowledge from a study exchange in Sweden.2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how social work approaches and methods developed and practiced in one context can be interpreted, transferred and implemented in another. Additionally it focuses on how cultures and societies are organised both in individualistic and collectivistic societies and its effects on different approaches and conditions for social work. The data was collected from Namibian social work students that have participated in the Linnaeus Palme exchange program, which is an ongoing cooperation between the Swedish University West and University of Namibia. The results show that what the Namibian students foremost learn during their exchange studies in Sweden has to do with client interaction, critical thinking and dimensions of increased self-awareness. The assimilation of knowledge and possibilities to transfer and implement what they have learned in Sweden in a Namibian social work context is understood with the help of the theoretical concepts of the marginal man and transferability of knowledge. Shaped by the Namibian hybrid society, where the respondents are part of an ongoing negotiation between different antipoles and mediation between various cultural contexts, I argue that they are marginal social workers. Through their marginal experience they are in possession of qualities that are crucial in their process of transferability of knowledge and further create conditions for implementing new knowledge in the Namibian work practice.

  • 14.
    Akillioglu Popescu, Sabrinne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barnets bästa i komplexa vårdnadstvister: En kvalitativ intervjustudie ur familjerättssekreterares perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how family law caseworkers in Sweden handle the mediation process in child custody disputes. Three themes were emphasized: the child’s best interest, strategies to maintain the child’s best interest and family conflicts and high-conflict families. To get an understanding of how these themes relate to child custody disputes, I conducted semi-structured interviews with family law caseworkers, since working with custody cases is part of their daily work. I chose a qualitative method because I was striving for diverse and comprehensive responses about family caseworkers’ practical experience in dealing with custody disputes. When asked about the definition of the child’s best interest, all respondents agreed that it is an open concept, implying that the definition depends on the specific circumstances surrounding the case. Generally, the respondents were of the opinion that the child’s best interest is synonymous with joint custody. The respondents stated that they employ different strategies to ensure that the child’s best interest is maintained, which is a result of their relatively high discretion. They stressed that while their primary focus is on dialogue with the parents, they use child testimonies as an additional guidance when determining what constitutes the child’s best in the case at hand. However, they also pointed out that a child’s wishes do not always coincide with the child’s best interest. When it comes to high-conflict families, the respondents concluded that the term has not been established in practice, although the problems associated with such families were recognized. After I presented the formal definition outlined in American research, the respondents agreed that the definition is useful in practice.

  • 15.
    Alakili, Nadin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Evegren, Victoria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ”Det sitter i väggarna”: En kvalitativ studie om brukarinflytande i samband med äldres flytt till särskilt boende. 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to create an understanding of how unit managers and care workers work with user influence in connection with elderly moving to nursing homes. This study was delimited to analyze two nursing homes in a medium-sized municipality in southern Sweden. The study was based on qualitative semi-structured interviews from two unit managers and six care workers in nursing homes. To analyze the data, Michael Foucault’s theory about power, Pierre Bourdieus's concept of doxa and symbolic power have been used as well as client construction. The result of this study indicates that elderly are given the opportunity to influence through implementation plans, welcome talks, being listened to, relationship-building, feeling homelike, resignation and reluctance, adaption to the conditions that are available and rethinking. The results of the study also shows that elderly were transformed and adapted according to the nursing homes guidelines and routines when moving in. Therefore, there were opinions taken for granted and not questioned within the organizations. With this basis, situations that caused limited influence of the elderly were excused and justified according to the organizations´ implied logic, which was deeply rooted in the workplace structure including the unit managers and care workers.

  • 16.
    Albinsson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Arnesson, Kerstin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Chefspositionen i en svensk kommunal organisation: Möjligheter och begränsningar2017Other (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Albinsson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Arnesson, Kerstin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Dialogue in a learning process: problematization of gender equality in higher education2017In: Reflective Practice, ISSN 1462-3943, E-ISSN 1470-1103, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 474-495Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim with the study was to describe the knowledge building that was developed in a group of students who were trained nurses enrolled in a Swedish higher education programme. With a point of departure in an interactive research approach, the authors applied the dialogue seminar as method and pedagogical model. When the students in close to practice talks, shared their thoughts about how gender and gender equality could be experienced and understood, the dialogue seminar became useable. At the analysis of the stories which the students shared at the dialogue seminars, it became clear that most of the students had an ambivalent approach to gender equality. When they reflected on gender relations, they brought out the hierarchical and separate gender relations which they experienced as existing within healthcare. Furthermore, their professional lives seemed to be embedded in gender-related practices. An important conclusion is that the students’ reflections oscillated between critical reflection on conditions and critical reflection on processes within their own practice in healthcare. Another finding was that the students’ reflections in dialogue form became important in a learning process, not least in the light of that gender relations and gender equality only to a limited degree had been included in their nurse’s education at the basic level.

  • 18.
    Albinsson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Arnesson, Kerstin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kommunala chefers kommunikation via digitala verktyg: betydelse för arbetssituation och chefskap2018In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 24, no 3-4, p. 26-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att vara chef inom en kommunal förvaltning innebär att utgöra en del av kommunens multifunktionella organisering, som i stor utsträckning styrs av lagstiftning. Organisationen är skattefinansierad och förväntas beakta delvis motstridiga krav såsom transparens, representation, kontroll, medbestämmande, likabehandling, öppenhet, offentlighet samt insyn i beslutsprocesser. Positionen kan närmast beskrivas som en balansakt där chefen i sin vardagsverklighet måste förhålla sig till de olika krav och förväntningar som ställs av politiker, medborgare och medarbetare. I chefskapet ingår även intern och extern informationsöverföring och ett ständigt flöde av horisontella och vertikala interaktioner. I föreliggande studie har en multimetodisk forskningsansats tillämpats i syfte att ringa in 202 kommunala chefers kommunikation genom användandet av olika digitala verktyg.  Resultatet visar att de digitala verktyg som cheferna använde i sitt arbete förenklade och effektiviserade kommunikationen inom och utanför organisationen. Ett återkommande dilemma var att cheferna hade svårt att leva upp till normen om hur en chef bör vara. Fysisk närvaro i de verksamheter som man hade ansvar för upplevdes som ouppnåeligt, men tycktes heller inte krävas av medarbetarna. Organisationens digitala arbetsmiljö blev då ett sätt för cheferna att vara tillgängliga och skapa en kollaborativ kommunikation, något som stödjer idén om ett ledarskap, präglat av support.

  • 19.
    Albinsson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Arnesson, Kerstin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The emotion work of nurses in a person-centred care model2019In: International Journal of Work Organisation and Emotion, ISSN 1740-8938, E-ISSN 1740-8946, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 28-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the departure in emotion sociology and caring science the aim of this article is to elucidate the emotion work as experienced by a group of nurses who tried out a customised form of a person-centred care model. Ten semi-structured interviews with following go-along were conducted. The most important empirical finding is the identifying of emotional caring as a specific part of the nurses' emotion management, comprising such knowledge that is specific to the competence of nurses. Emotional caring thus forms part of caring science, affected by the organisational structure, with bearing on the nurses' room for caring actions, that is, how, when and in what way emotional caring can be carried out. Moreover, in practice, person-centredness was compatible with the commonly shared values in caring science. The empirical material also shows that emotion management can be tied to profession, positions, status and power. The article contributes with an understanding of how working in a person-centred care model made it possible for the nurses to come closer to the patient's life world. Qualitative descriptions of the emotion management of a group of nurses in a certain caring context constitute another contribution, something that has not been investigated before.

  • 20.
    Albinsson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Arnesson, Kerstin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The managerial position in a Swedish municipal organization: possibilities and limitations2018In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 500-535Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to explore how a group of managers construct their reality, more specifically what it means to work as a manager in a municipal organization. The empirical data for the study were obtained from a Swedish medium-sized municipality and the study takes as its research approach grounded theory, as developed by Glaser and Strauss. Consequently, the empirical data formed the basis for the research, which takes a multi-methodical and theory-generating approach. The methods used in the study include the use of a questionnaire study, interviews in focus groups, observations, reflective work diaries, and the creation of feedback sessions. The result shows that the managers work in an organization where conflicting and competing value systems act together. These can be interpreted as environmental factors and external bounds on a structural societal level, which cannot be influenced. A point of analysis is that these factors and external bounds to a high degree permeate the manager’s workday and can therefore be seen as a plausible explanation for the boundless nature of the managerial task. For most of the managers of the study, this was expressed as uncertainty as to how to define and interpret goals and as to what the managerial role includes with regard to areas of responsibility. It is interesting to ask, however, whether these conditions are not characteristic of the role of managers and work life in general. The results also show that the substantive theory of the study was not judged to be valid for the municipal companies. These managers do not express as ambivalent an approach to competing value systems as the managers in other sections of the municipality do. Nor do they appear to question their professional knowledge, the work content or managership. Another empirical important finding is that the managers believe that the organizational conditions limit ability to carry out the manager task, but that, despite this, they indicate, paradoxically, that they like their work and the social work environment.

  • 21.
    Aldorsson, Nina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Svensson, Jennie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    En socialpsykologisk studie om upplevelser av att genomgå en gastric by-pass operation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to highlight the gastric bypass surgery people's experiences before and after surgery. The study is designed with a phenomenological approach and our focus is on our phenomenon, the experience of a gastric by-pass. The participants were limited to women and an inclusion criterion to participate in the study was that they had undergone a gastric by-pass operation. Data collection was done using qualitative interviews. We have strived to make our interviews to a conversation where we are active listeners. The processing of the material focused on the themes we found; Socially isolated and the fear of relationships, expectations and an inability to see the difference, pain and surgery as a last resort, treatment and complications, I don’t regret it and I'm happier today, the social environment and physical change of body. We have found that there are experiences of a gastric by-pass surgery that have impact on the psychosocial health. With the support of the results we can conclude that gastric by-pass surgery helps participants live a happier life with a feeling of fitting into the society, but that the surgery may contribute to complications that woman in the study are telling us about.

  • 22.
    Alexandersson, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Eriksson, Fanny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Särart och likhet, så vinner ASF legitimitet: En fallstudie om arbetsintegrerande sociala företags etablering.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how work integration social enterprise (WISE) established their enterprises. To reach the aim we collected data through qualitative in-terviews from six persons with experience of starting a WISE. Four managers, one exec-utive and one consultant. The research focused on their experience of the enterprises’ start up periods. The research shows that the enterprise is searching for legitimacy from its surrounding but in different ways depending who they are interacting with. The research presented in this study also shows four different factors important to WISE in the estab-lishment process; relations, needs, personal resources and the story about WISE.

  • 23.
    Ali Rostam, Awan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Fuentes, Miryam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Det finns ingen mall: En kvalitativ studie av socialsekreterarens överväganden vid placering av barn och unga i samhällsvård2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative interview study, of how social workers´ used their discretion and knowledge when they consider placements of children and youths in out-of-home-care. In our study we wanted to answer these questions. The first question we wanted to answer was how social workers´ describe their discretion in placement considerations. The second question was how social workers´ use knowledge in these judgments. The study's respondents were social workers´ who have worked or still working with children in out-of-home-care. Based on what our interviewees told, we came to the conclusion that social workers´ judgments’ are subject to several factors. These factors included lack of resources, legislation and supervision of management. However, the study revealed that social workers´ did not use research. Instead they used their own experiences, the clients´ actual situation and colleagues´ experiences as sources of knowledge. Social workers´ did not mention their discretion, but pointed out the limitations they had in performing the work. Their answers indicated that they did not want to be responsible in these difficult judgments and therefore they used their colleagues´ and the management.

  • 24.
    Aliti, Lindita
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    IMMIGRANTS’ INTEGRATION IN SWEDEN: Swedish young adults’ perceptions and attitudes2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Integration of immigrants is an interactive process of learning a new culture, an obtaining of rights, access to a position and status and building of personal relations between migrants and the receiving society.  Their ability to reciprocally adjust to intercultural encounters is one of the most important factors of successful integration.

    Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate Swedish young adults perception and attitudes towards immigrants and immigrants’ integration into the Swedish society. Furthermore the aim is to study their perception of social interaction of immigrants and the Swedish host society. How Swedish young adults perceive their country’s immigration policy.

    Method:  A qualitative research, using an online open-ended questionnaire and in-depth telephone interviews were applied to collect the data about Swedish young adults perceptions and attitudes. The transcribed data were subjected to thematic analysis.

    Result:  The results of the qualitative research helped to understand Swedish young adults perceptions and attitudes. The findings showed that two of the biggest reasons that Swedish young adults support immigration are: humanitarism and labor force. Swedish young adults are very aware of immigrants’ integration in Sweden. They socialize with immigrants and have contact with them in daily basis. Swedish young adults, have a negative opinion regarding Sweden’s immigration policy

    Conclusion: Swedish young adults define immigrants as a people born in one country but move to another (particularly in Sweden) with an intention to reside there permanently. Regarding their acculturation expectations, they support integration as the best acculturation strategy. They think that immigrants in Sweden are “half way” integrated, geographically segregated, discriminated, prejudiced in different degrees and immigrant woman are the most excluded category.

  • 25.
    Almasaraa, Areej
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Björk, Jessica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att bryta ett kriminellt beteende hos ungdomar: En kvalitativ studie om socialarbetares metoder och val av metoder2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to search and analyze different logics that operators use in the work of helping juvenile delinquents to break their criminal behavior. New institutional theory is used in this study to analyze the results. The study was conducted through qualitative interviews of six professionals in two municipalities which work with juvenile delinquency. There are two questions that we want to address in this study. The first one is what methods the social workers are using in two middle large municipalities to help youth to brake there criminal behavior. The other question is what logics are behind the social workers work so that juvenile delinquency can break their criminal behavior.This study showed that different programs are used by social workers and that the social workers logics are important in choosing what program or treatment they are going to give the young adults so that they can break their criminal behavior. The result also showed that the social workers in two municipalities work with multiple operators such as schools and police to create a network around the youth in difficult situations.

  • 26.
    Almqvist, Elin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Specialundervisning, identitet och stigma: En kvalitativ studie inriktad på gymnasieelever med specialundervisning gällande deras skolsituation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mitt syfte var att ta reda på hur gymnasieelever med specialundervisning upplever sinskolsituation, vilka för och nackdelar den för med sig, om de blir behandlade annorlundaav omgivningen på grund av deras skolform och om så är fallet hur de hanterar det. Jaganvände mig av kvalitativa intervjuer för att få min empiri. Intervjuerna visade attfördelarna med specialundervisning är extrahjälpen, någon som lyssnar och bryr sig,individualiteten och en lugn miljö att studera i. Nackdelarna med specialundervisningsom gick att utläsa från intervjuerna är en känsla av att inte vara som de andra eleverna,att bli behandlad i den “vanliga” klassen utifrån att man inte kan och bör därför inteförsöka, avundsjuka kring att de med specialundervisning får bra hjälp. Speciallärarnasbesök hos deras elever när de är i den “vanliga” klassen verkar upplevas som positiv avklassen då de alla får extrahjälp. Hur eleverna hanterar nackdelarna är att inte vilja gå tillden “vanliga” klassen och att undvika den andra skolbyggnaden, en önskan attspecialundervisning vore tillgängligt för mer elever. Det går inte att bortse från atteleverna är bortförda från “vanliga” klassen till specialundervisning när de är i behov avdet. Men eleverna verkar inte ha större invändningar till att komma bort från den“vanliga” klassen då fördelarna verkar vara fler än nackdelarna. Men frågan är hur svårtdet kan vara att ta in specialundervisningens förhållningssätt i den “vanliga” klassen såatt det blir en inkluderande undervisning, så att saknaden av det sociala som är viktigtför identiteten och utbildningshandikapp som leder till stigma kan undvikas.

  • 27.
    Alriksson, Moa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Larsson, Ellen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck: en kvalitativ studie om professionellas erfarenheter av utslussning från skyddat boende2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to understand how social workers deal with honour-related violence, with special focus on the processing from sheltered housing. Our qualitative interviews with social workers that work with this kind of problems show that there are both obstacles and opportunities in the processing from sheltered housing. On the negative side are the loneliness, the shame and the guilt that the girls may experience when they need to leave their families. The social services can both be an obstacles and an opportunity. When the girls need to create a new life in a new city they have a lot of opportunities and in the same time it is hard to get to know new friends when you don´t know the city or have much money. The culture in Sweden and the Swedish norms are governing in an unproblematic way according to the social workers. They also think the girls need to deal with two different macro systems, the culture that the family comes from and the culture in Sweden. To help the girls in this situation requires much energy, time and labour. The professionals think these girls are dreaming about a normal life, but the girls must learn to protect themselves for the rest of their lives. This means that they never will be able to tell anyone the whole story of their background.

  • 28.
    Alstam, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Forkby, Torbjörn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Required alienation?: The monitored self in a health promotion programme in secondary schools of three Swedish municipalities2019In: Pedagogy, Culture & Society, ISSN 1468-1366, E-ISSN 1747-5104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Promotion is an institutionally mediated effort to bolster or redirect a person’s health, strength, and other assets to build resilience. We analyse a Swedish version of the Life in Action promotion programme used in secondary schools in three municipalities. Focusing on types of alienation as framed in the programme, we argue that Life in Action’s treatment of the psyche as an object in need of conscious monitoring, nurturing, and enhancement of qualities such as positive attitude and self-discipline signals the teenage participants’ required alienation. Concluding the article, we discuss how this type of alienation may already be present in participating students, and also how it may be necessary for young people about to enter work-life in the era of late capitalism.

  • 29.
    Al-Subahi, Saja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Brukarinflytande inom äldreomsorgen: En kvalitativ studie om socialarbetares upplevelser av brukarinflytande inom äldreomsorgen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    User participation within social work has caught more attention in the public sector of Sweden. The aim of this study is to gain understanding of how user participation as taking into consideration in the field of care for the elderly. The study is based on six semi-structured interviews with six social service officers, therefore the study is based on their perspectives and experiences. In order to gain qualitative data, the method of meaning categorization was used, which resulted in three association themes: user participation, limitations, relationships and approach. The results were then analyzed together with previous research, and through Lipskys’ (1980) theory “Street-level bureaucrats”. The results of the study indicate that user participation is complex in practice and therefore the social service officer have to find a way to manage and implement user participation in their work. Also, that there are some factors that affect user participation e.g. guidelines, relatives, users with cognitive impairment and furthermore the social service officer himself. 

  • 30.
    Al-Sumaidaee, Ali
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bergkvist, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    LSS-handläggaren och funktionsnedsatta barn- och vårdnadshavare: En kvalitativ studie om hur LSS-handläggare inom sex svenska kommuner förstår och hanterarsitt handlingsutrymme i relation till funktionsnedsatta barn-och vårdnadshavares behov.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to better understand howLSS-officials within several swedish municipalities understand and handles their discretion in regard to children and guardians who has a certain form of physical or mental disability. If or how those LSS-officials shape the services they are responsible for to help the families as a whole with their parental abilities. We will try to illustrate how the LSS-officials reflects upon the guardians ability to care for their children and how they assess the services they are able to provide in relation to those children and guardians needs. We have used qualitative method and semi-structured interviews in the study. To help analyze our material we have used Michael Lipsky’s theory about street-level bureaucracy as well as Roine Johansson’s criticism and attempt to refine the theory. Our results showed us that the LSS-officials we interviewed have varying discretion in their work with children and guardians with disabilities due to the swedish law that supports services for disability. Moreover we found that the LSS-officialshad trouble understanding how some available services could function in regards to different forms of disability. We also found that they sought different services such as parental guidance for the parents in their homes to improve the work with the children and guardians.

  • 31.
    Al-Tayyar, Faysal
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barn i familjer med alkoholmissbruk: En kvalitativ studie om samverkan mellan missbruksenhet och barnenhet i frågan om barn i familjer med alkoholmissbruk 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to analyse the experiences of social workers in addiction unit have of collaborative work with the children's unit on the issue of children in families with alcohol abuse. The method used in this study was a qualitative method and the empirical material has been collected through semi-structured interviews with five social workers in addiction unit in southern Sweden. The result of this study was analysed by framework three different theories: collaboration theory, system theory and organization theory. The study also builds on previous research that treated the same area. The results of this study show that more knowledge about collaborative work is needed. It also appears that there are various factors that hamper the collaborative effort between addiction unit and the children's unit regarding children of alcohol-abusing parents. This concerns for example, perspective differences, legislation and its constraints as well as budget and funding of joint efforts.     

  • 32.
    Ambjörnsson, Erik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Fungmark, Jimmy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Vad du behöver göra är att bestämma dig för att bli drogfri och följa den planen": En netnografisk studie om missbruksvård2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to research the effect stigmatization has on alcohol and drug abusers. Furthermore the purpose is to understand if stigmatization prevents people from seeking professional treatment in order to overcome their addiction. This is done using a qualitative approach, seeking knowledge on one of Sweden’s biggest online forums, Flashback. In order to gain knowledge from people who themselves suffer from addiction this study is based on several discussions in forum threads where addiction treatment is discussed. To analyse the data and research how stigmatization affects individuals with an addiction Goffman’s theory of stigma is used. To further analyse the result Scheff’s notion of shame and Cooley’s looking-glass self is used. The most prominent way to become free from addiction that was discussed was to strengthen your character or in other ways retake control of your own life. People often thought the reason a person was stuck in addiction was because of weak character or other character flaws. Drug and alcohol abusers was often portrayed as unsuccessful individuals. This shows how stigmatization of drug and alcohol abuse is reproduced. Professional treatment was in some cases discussed as a helpful method to help battle addiction, though not as often as the “strengthen your character” alternative. The result also shows that people stuck in addiction is not a homogeneous group where there is a consensus on how to best battle addiction. In contrast the result shows that everyone seems to carry their own opinion on how to best overcome addiction.

  • 33.
    Anderberg, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Alla sätt är bra, utom de dåliga: kriminaliseringen av terroristresor i svensk rätt2018In: Fremmedkrigere. Forebygging, straffeforfølging og rehabilitering i Skandinavia. / [ed] Andersson, A, Høgestøl, S.A.E. & Lie, A.C., Oslo: Gyldendal Juridisk, 2018, p. 65-82Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Anderberg, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Författningssamling i polisrätt: 2017/182017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Författningar i polisrätt samlar de mest centrala lagarna med relevans för den polisiära verksamheten. Här presenteras rättsnormer från olikarättsområden såsom t.ex. offentlig rätt, straffrätt, processrätt ochsocialrätt.Boken riktar sig i första hand till studerande vid polisutbildningen menkan förstås lika väl användas av polisanställda som av jurister och andramed intresse för den polisiära juridiken.Författningarna återges som de lyder den 1 juli 2017.

  • 35.
    Anderberg, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ingrid Gärde Widemar: 1912-03-24 — 2009-01-02. Jurist, justitieråd, politiker2018In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, Göteborg: University of Gothenburg, 2018Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Anderberg, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Recension av: Robert Andersson & Roddy Nilsson, Svensk kriminalpolitik, 2 uppl., Liber2017, 334 s.2017In: Juridisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1100-7761, no 1, p. 198-201Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Anderberg, Andreas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Martinsson, Dennis
    Örebro university.
    Hårdare tag i valårets tecken. Ett kritiskt inlägg om den senaste tidens straffrättspolitik.2018In: Juridisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1100-7761, E-ISSN 2002-3545, no 4, p. 921-938Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Andersson, Clara
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lukac, Amerisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ekonomiskt våld: En kvalitativ intervjustudie utifrån socialtjänstens arbete med ekonomiskt våldsutsatta kvinnor.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Economic violence is a relatively unexplored subject even though it is often a part of occuring intimate partner violence. Therefore it is of concern to acknowledge how the swedish social services’ take part in this form of violence in their work. By law the swedish social services’ are the responsible authorities for victims of intimate partner violence to seek help and support. Although according to previous research on the subject, women feel like receiving help from the social services is not always an option for them. Women often feel powerless in meetings with a person of authority. This study aims to gain knowledge of the support given by the social services to women who are survivors of domestic abuse and further focus on economic abuse. There is also an understanding that non profit organizations (NGO’s) are a big contributor to helping survivors of domestic violence even though the law states the responsibility lays on a government body. Responsibility for the victims will therefore be another focus for further understanding of why NGO’s have taken on a helping role in society. A result from qualitative interviews on the subjects, with social workers from seven different municipalities, shows that there is a great variation between how social workers take on this kind of issue. The knowledge and experiences with handling cases of economic abuse vary between the different municipalities. Often the size of a municipality and lack of resources is a significant factor to what kind of help the municipality can offer. Working with and helping women who are survivors of economic abuse is complex. The social services and women shelters both work to help and try to find solutions for the problem.

  • 39.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson, Martina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Idrott och fritid – en väg till integration?: En kvalitativ studie om hur ledare inom idrottsföreningar och fritidsverksamheter arbetar med integration2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to explore opportunities for unaccompanied minors to be integrated and participate in society through youth centres and football clubs. This is done by analysing how the leader in recreational activities and sports clubs look to their function as an integration tool for unaccompanied young people. The study was based on a qualitative approach and empirical data collection was done by semi-structured interviews. We have interviewed a total of six people, three are working on municipal youth centres and three people working in football clubs. When the empirical evidence was gathered, we found two main themes integration with under themes influence and rights and obligations and opportunities and difficulties with the under theme the collaboration.  The study's results have been analysed in the light of previous research, as well as the theoretical concepts of civil society, integration and empowerment.

    The result shows that youth centres and football clubs work with integration issues and that it is important to create a climate where young people can sense fellowship. Mainly on youth centres language was a barrier which sometimes could complicate the process of integration. In football clubs had the youth not always the language skills but the leaders stated that when language was not there other young people could help to translate and explain. Leaders in football clubs specified all the young people who train and play with them had difficult to take place in the established clubs and they saw problems with the integration when established clubs would not or could not accommodate all who want to participate in the club. However, they believed that young people could start in their team and later move on to the second, which they also help young people to do.

  • 40.
    Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bogren, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ungdomsutredares bedömningar och tankar om pojkar och flickor med social problematik: En vinjettstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is that from a gender perspective, highlighting how investigating social workers assess and justify the decisions concerning youth with socially destructive behavior. The focus is on the similarities and differences constructed. In order to respond to our study, we interviewed six social workers in six municipalities who work with youth investigations. The interviews took place in the southern and central Sweden. Parallell to the interviews, we used a vignette that we designed and constructed ourselves. It contains a fictitious case of a youth with socially destructive behavior. Half of the interviewees had to answer the case where the youth had a girl's name and the other half in which the adolescent had a boy's name. Selected theories that have been used to create an understanding of our research problem is the gender system and professional ethics. The results of our empirical data gave us several conclusions. The outcomes of this study shows that social workers holds a gender awareness when working with investigations of teenaged boys and girls. However the results also show the complexity that exists in regard to possess a conscious approach to the gender impact of youth investigations among social workers. It appears that the social workers seem to react and act slightly different depending on whether the youth is a boy or a girl. Furthermore, the results indicate that the heavy workload affect the social workers investigative work and in turn the young people. Interesting findings were also the social workers descriptions of the importance of school's role in getting the girls and boys gone wrong to return to a healthy path in life. 

  • 41.
    Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sjölin, Torbjörn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ”Nu tog jag hans barn, vad ska han göra med mina?”: En kvalitativ studie om hot och våld mot socialsekreterare inom Barn och familj.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Now I took his child, what will he do with mine?”

    A qualitative study on threat and violence aimed at social workers within child protective service.

    Authors:  Emma Andersson and Torbjörn Sjölin.

    Supervisor:  Peter Hultgren.

    Assessor: Barzoo Eliassi.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine how social workers within child protective service understand and experience threat and violence aimed at them in their profession and how these understandings and experiences affects their well-being. The study will provide an understanding of the subject at hand and can also lead way for new research areas of how to improve the well-being of social workers within this field.

     

    Method: A qualitative approach based on semistructured interviews has been used as method in this study. To collect empirical material seven currently working social workers from three different municipalities in the same region were interviewed.

    Theory: The theoretical points of this thesis has been Berger and Luckmanns theories about social construction, theory of social cognition and a model produced in the writing of how interaction between experience and understanding affects the well-being. The different theories and approaches has been a valuable tool to analyze the empirical material gathered in the study.

    Results: The result of this study is divided in different themes based on the purpose of the study. Our results indicate that social worker within child protective service consider

    threat and violence as occurring within their profession and that this perception has a negative impact on their well-being. Even though social workers consider threat and violence as not acceptable at work and perceive threat as a part of their job they continue to fulfill their obligations at work. The main explanation, found in this study, is that they consider the well-being of children as higher valued than their own.

  • 42.
    Andersson, Jonathan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Forsberg, Erica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Upptäcka barn som far illa - Anmälningsskyldighet i förskola2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Authors: Erica Forsberg och Jonathan Andersson

    Title: Discovering maltreated children – Obligation to report in preschool [Upptäcka barn som far illa – Anmälningskyldighet I förskola]

    Supervisor: Paula Wahlgren

    Assessor: We have conducted personal interviews with eight different preschool teachers to try to find out why there are fewer reports about maltreated children being made from preschools than from other instances that has contact with children and are obligated to issue such reports, but also what different preschool teachers consider to be maltreatment of children. We also want to know how they reason when facing a possible maltreated child. We have then compared our results to those of previous science reports and to our selected theories, profession theory and collaboration theory.

    The main conclusions are that background, previous experiences and also knowledge about what happens after a report is issued are all important factors when making the decision to issue a report. We also see that all the subjects we interviewed values information highly and would like more education on the subject of how to report, but also on how to discover if a child is being maltreated. We also see that there is often a need to problematize the situations in a bigger picture, and not only the specific issue that is visible for the preschool teachers at the moment that they are in contact with the children.

     

    Keywords: Maltreated children, problematize, cooperation, confidence

     

    Nyckelord: Barn som far illa, problematisera, samarbete, förtroende

  • 43.
    Andersson, Julia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lindgren, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ”Men utbrändhet och stress, är det så allvarligt egentligen?”: En kvalitativ studie om hur socialsekreterare hanterar arbetsrelaterad stress på arbetsplatsen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay was to identify how social workers experience and handle work related stress in order to understand how stress can be handled on an individual level. The study was based on a qualitative study and used semi-structured interviews. Interviews with professionals showed that stress mainly occur in absence of control. Social workers use social support and structure their work to reduce demands, to handle stress. The professionals also believe that limits and distance in work is key. Social workers use these different strategies to handle stress, yet some of the issues is adjusted within the organisation. Various organizational factors may contribute or prevent a burnout. In conclusion although the professionals can form their work situation by using these techniques to reduce stress, some problems will remain because it is controlled within the organisation.

    Keywords: Social worker, work related stress, burnout, social services, work situation.

  • 44.
    Andersson, Klas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Holgersson, Jenny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Manliga förebilder inom socialt arbete: föreställningar, praktik och organisation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Among those who graduate from the various schools of Social work in Sweden are a great majority women. At the same time men are sought after in the work field.  But not just to level up the equality between the sexes, but also to fill a gender specific niche to counter up a need for male role models. But a closer look at this need and the types of functions set to cater for it shows that male role models as a concept vary between contexts. In this study we examine the concepts and the practices of male role models in three different settings: a municipal social care center offering young boys male bonding activities; a non-profit organization warding young people from drug abuse and criminal behavior; and last, a long term residential home for young boys between the ages 13 and 19. Our research shows that the concept of the male role model vary between the organizations and less so within. By the means of semi-structured interviews we examine representatives from the three organizations and their both personal and professional views on what a male role model is. By using a social-constructionistic frame work to understand and interpret our data we conclude that the concept of a male role model is used out of different ideas of manliness; either a man who transcends gender stereotypes, or a man who manifests them – a fact that per se contests the idea of gender as innate. How these come to vary is a question of the conditions of the organization when it comes to the relationship between professional and client of either being conditioned by official constraints or personal closeness. But the pivotal factor to understand the variations is the gender mix. The organizations representing a stereotypical concept of manliness are almost exclusively of one sex, while the other hold equal amounts of women and men. To transcend the barrier of gender stereotypes it is necessary to share experience of both sexes for creating awareness of sameness, instead of claiming difference. This can also help give the young male client an alternative approach to an adult male identity beyond his socially given horizon.         

  • 45.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Matilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Man gör ju vad man kan för varandra": Makars roll i en parrelation med en demenssjuk partner2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore spouses' roles in a relationship with a partner with dementia and to understand spouses' situations at home. The study was focusing on gender roles and authority in relationships between the spousal caregivers and their partners with dementia. The method used for this study was qualitative content analysis and the data was collected from seven interviews with spousal caregivers about their roles as partners of people with dementia. By critically examining Twiggs three models, carers as resources, caregivers as co-workers and carers as co-clients, we have been able to visualize how spouses can look upon their role to their partners with dementia. A fourth model has been added to a modification of Twiggs models, because spouse's roles didn't fit into any of Twiggs already existing models. There is not a big gender difference about spousal care for a partner, and the caregivers are in a highly extent affected of the situation with a partner with dementia. Spouses role can fit in with partners as carers, which is a fourth model added to Twiggs original three models.

  • 46.
    Andersson, Rebecca
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hansson Bonin, Isabella
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ADHD-problematik på behandlingshem: En kvalitativ studie om hur socialarbetare identifierar, behandlar och bemöter brukare med ADHD-problematik på behandlingshem 2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study was to get an understanding of how social workers on treatment centers where substance abuse occur identify ADHD among the patients and how the social workers in their daily work treat and meet patients with ADHD. The study was based on eight interviews with social workers on three different treatment centers in Sweden. The result has been analyzed with a content analysis. The theories used in this study are Howard Becker’s labeling theory and equifinality and multifinality, which derive from the systems theory.

     

    The result of the study was that the social workers do not identify ADHD among their patients, but they adjust the treatment after what needs the individual patient have. These needs are for instance need of security and predictability. These needs are being considered in the treatment in the daily work since the social workers use a treatment that consists of structure, routines and schedules. This treatment is used on every patient and is not adjusted whether a diagnosis exists or not. How the social workers meet the patients can however be different for patients with ADHD since the social workers find clearness, alliance and trust as important in the meeting with these patients. This can however differ depending on what the social workers focus on in the treatment. The social workers on one of the treatment centers focus on the substance abuse, the social workers on another treatment center focus on the disability and in one treatment center both of these are in focus.

  • 47.
    Andersson, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bedömningen av "lämpliga" familjehem i Sverige och Australien.: En jämförande studie.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about the assessment of foster care families and what´s considered a suitable foster care home. It is a comparative study between two welfare countries, Sweden and Australia. The study aims to increase the understanding of social workers assessment on foster care families and examines what a suitable foster care home looks like for a few social workers in each country. The study was carried out through five qualitative interviews, three of them in Sweden and two of them in Australia. With a social constructivist theory the result was carried out and analysed. The result of the study shows differences in the way social workers in each country talk about the suitability of a foster carer. In Australia the social workers that participated in the study spoke about a suitable foster family as a family that is safe and can provide a safe environment. In Sweden the social workers spoke about a suitable family as a secure and stable family. The result of the study also shows similarities between the two countries, as an example the nuclear family is still the norm and other family structures are exceptions of the norm.

  • 48.
    Andersson, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andréasson, Tova
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ”Socionomexamen eller annan akademisk utbildning som arbetsgivaren bedömer likvärdig” : En kvantitativ studie av enhetschefers agerande inom äldreomsorgen.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Authors: Tova Andréasson & Sofia Andersson Title: Social work degree or other academic education that the employer considers equivalent

    - A quantitative study of first line managers' actions in elderly care. [Translated title] Supervisor: Lars Sörnsen Assessor: Kerstin Arnesson

    Previous research shows that first line managers in elderly care act in different ways and it can affect both employees and the elderly. The purpose of this study was to investigate why first line managers act differently in elderly care, by analyzing the relationships between education and first line manager's actions. We also wanted to investigate whether managers act on the basis of education or guidance documents. To achieve the purpose of this study, a quantitative approach was used. All first line managers in elderly care in Kalmar County, Blekinge County and Kronoberg County were given the opportunity to answer a survey online. We analyzed the answers by performing different analyzes with the program SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences). To analyze the results of the study, concepts of leadership and profession were used. The study concluded that the first line managers with social education acted more alike than other professions. It also showed that first line managers with more experience used guidance documents to a greater extent than first line managers with less experience. 

  • 49.
    Andersson, Vibeke
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wik, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Man eller kvinna - Låt myter om förövaren försvinna: En diskursanalytisk studie av hur personer som begått sexualbrott mot barn framställs i svenska dagstidningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to identify the dominating discourse in Swedish newspapers concerning perpetrators who committed sexual offence against children. The study is based on the idea that the media representation play a significant role to the public opinion and awareness of the perpetrators. The study is based upon a selection of 103 articles published between January 2003 and November 2013, taken from four of the biggest daily newspapers in Sweden; Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen and Svenska Dagbladet. The methodological and theoretical approach in the study has been the one of discourse analysis through which one dominating discourse along with two subsidiary discourses could be identified. The discourse considered to be dominating is the one who presents the perpetrators through the discrepancy between the actions committed and the description of the perpetrator. The description focusing on profession, family status, statements from people in the perpetrators surroundings and professional opinions. A general way on how perpetrators are presented was identified, which derived in the conclusion that the perpetrator often not is unknown to the victim. The perpetrator could also be someone close that appear to be trusted and well thought of by individuals and also by society. The two subsidiary discourses that were identified focused on the gender perspective and showed that there are a small discrepancy between how male and female perpetrators are presented in the newspapers.

  • 50.
    Anderssson, Robert
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Karlsjö, Oskar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Det första man förknippar det med är tjejer som skär sig: En kvalitativ studie om professionellas beskrivningar av självskadebeteende2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    Author: Robert Andersson & Oskar Karlsjö

    Title:“My first thought is a girl that cuts herself” – A qualitative study about professionals in human service organizations description of self-injurious behavior.

    Supervisor: Ann Ottengrim

    Assessor: Rickard Ulmestig

     

    The purpose of this study has been to understand how professionals in human service organizations (HSO) describe self-injuries behaviour, how they describe the individuals that self-harm and if the professionals describe any possible differences in how men and women self-harm as well as how professional’s knowledge concerning self-injurious behaviour is contructed. The study answers three questions;

    - What kind of actions do professionals in HSO describe as being self-injurious behaviour?

    - How is knowledge constructed by professionals in HSO concerning self-injurious behaviour?

    - How are people who engage in self-injurious behaviour being described?

    - How do professionals in human service organizations describe potential differences between men and women´s self-injurious behaviour?

     

    Qualitative interviews have been chosen as the method in this study to gather empirical data and the social constructionism theory has been implemented to analyse the empirical data.

    The result of this study shows that self-injurious behaviour is a complex and at the same time a dynamic phenomenon. There are a lot of different actions that are being describes as being self-injurious behaviour. An individual that cuts its own body tissue or an individual that often gets involved in psychical fights are examples of acts that are being described as having a self-injurious behaviour. The informants also described that their knowledge and what they define as self-injurious behaviour has changed over time in the field which indicates that self-injurious behaviour is a dynamic category. According to our results it doesn’t seem to exist a stereotype of whom and why someone engages in self-harm. But men tend to self-harm in a more severe way than women.

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