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Support for patients and the role of eHealth in rehabilitation after radical prostatectomy
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7158-2883
2024 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Sustainable development
SDG 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Abstract [en]

Background: Patients undergoing radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer often experience urinary incontinence and sexual dysfunction posttreatment. Active self-care can reduce this burden. However, support maybe needed to maintain motivation during the long rehabilitation. eHealth has the potential to provide such support.

Aim: To investigate the effects of eHealth support and describe patients'experiences of support in self-care during the rehabilitation after radical prostatectomy.

Method: The Medical Research Council’s framework for complex interventions governed the overall design of this thesis. In Study I, patients’ experiences of the usability of a new eHealth support, the electronic Patient Activation in Treatment at Home (ePATH), was described using individual interviews and deductive content analysis. The effects of ePATH on symptoms and activation were evaluated through a multicenter longitudinal randomized controlled trial (II, III). Patients planned for radical prostatectomy at three sites were eligible for inclusion. The intervention group had access to ePATH during one year after surgery. Questionnaires at five timepoints were analyzed with linear mixed models and generalized estimation equations. Study IV described patients’ experiences of support for managing self-care through individual interviews and inductive content analysis.

Results: Study I covered the usability of ePATH as to managing the technology, turning input into output, and how the eHealth support assisted in task performance. The randomized controlled trial showed no significant differences between groups regarding urinary incontinence, sexual function, physical activity, pelvic floor exercises (II), or patient activation (III). In the intervention group, 64% used ePATH. Initial patient activation and depression significantly influenced patient activation over the course of the rehabilitation year. In Study IV, patients described a progression in self-care management, where their abilities grew through interconnected phases.

Conclusion: The needs for support differ during a patient's journey through prostate cancer rehabilitation. This places demands on the support and underscores the need for accessibility, individual adaptation, and continuity. Future research should focus on adjustable aids for patients in long-term rehabilitation, integrating multiple aspects, to enable tailoring of the support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2024. , p. 105
Series
Linnaeus University Dissertations ; 522
Keywords [en]
eHealth, patient activation, prostate cancer, radical prostatectomy, randomized controlled trial, self-care, support, telemedicine, usability
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-129194DOI: 10.15626/LUD.522.2024ISBN: 9789180821513 (print)ISBN: 9789180821520 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-129194DiVA, id: diva2:1856632
Public defence
2024-05-31, Fullriggaren, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2024-05-07 Created: 2024-05-07 Last updated: 2024-05-13Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Patients' experiences of using an e-Health tool for self-management support after prostate cancer surgery: a deductive interview study explained through the FITT framework
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patients' experiences of using an e-Health tool for self-management support after prostate cancer surgery: a deductive interview study explained through the FITT framework
Show others...
2020 (English)In: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 10, no 6, p. 1-8, article id e035024Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective To evaluate patients' experiences of using a web-based application, especially its usability as support for self-care activities after prostate cancer surgery. Design A deductive content analysis was used, stemming from the Fit between Individuals, Task and Technology (FITT) framework. Setting One surgical department in south of Sweden between October 2015 and April 2016 and between September 2017 and July 2018. Participants Fifteen men who had undergone radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. Results By organising data in accordance with the FITT model, three main categories with ten subcategories were identified. Patients gave feedback on functions that suited them and their needs, as well as potential adjustments and improvements. Patients experienced that ePATH gave them easy access to reliable information regarding their rehabilitation. Directed information about ePATH at enrolment was seen as important. ePATH was perceived to have a logical structure that was easy to follow. However, when the structure was unclear, patients became less motivated to use a function. Conclusions Patients experienced ePATH as satisfactorily user-friendly and useful as a complementary self-management support after prostate cancer surgery, especially when the information and tasks were tailored to their preferences and the system design features supported individual autonomy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2020
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Health Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-98763 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035024 (DOI)000576935700016 ()32601113 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85087391154 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-11-05 Created: 2020-11-05 Last updated: 2024-05-07Bibliographically approved
2. Effects of Web-Based and Mobile Self-Care Support in Addition to Standard Care in Patients After Radical Prostatectomy: Randomized Controlled Trial
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of Web-Based and Mobile Self-Care Support in Addition to Standard Care in Patients After Radical Prostatectomy: Randomized Controlled Trial
2023 (English)In: JMIR Cancer, E-ISSN 2369-1999, Vol. 9, article id e44320Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Prostate cancer is a common form of cancer that is often treated with radical prostatectomy, which can leave patients with urinary incontinence and sexual dysfunction. Self-care (pelvic floor muscle exercises and physical activity) is recommended to reduce the side effects. As more and more men are living in the aftermath of treatment, effective rehabilitation support is warranted. Digital self-care support has the potential to improve patient outcomes, but it has rarely been evaluated longitudinally in randomized controlled trials. Therefore, we developed and evaluated the effects of digital self-care support (electronic Patient Activation in Treatment at Home [ePATH]) on prostate-specific symptoms.Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of web-based and mobile self-care support on urinary continence, sexual function, and self-care, compared with standard care, at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after radical prostatectomy.Methods: A multicenter randomized controlled trial with 2 study arms was conducted, with the longitudinal effects of additional digital self-care support (ePATH) compared with those of standard care alone. ePATH was designed based on the self-determination theory to strengthen patients' activation in self-care through nurse-assisted individualized modules. Men planned for radical prostatectomy at 3 county hospitals in southern Sweden were included offline and randomly assigned to the intervention or control group. The effects of ePATH were evaluated for 1 year after surgery using self-assessed questionnaires. Linear mixed models and ordinal regression analyses were performed.Results: This study included 170 men (85 in each group) from January 2018 to December 2019. The participants in the intervention and control groups did not differ in their demographic characteristics. In the intervention group, 64% (53/83) of the participants used ePATH, but the use declined over time. The linear mixed model showed no substantial differences between the groups in urinary continence (beta=-5.60; P=.09; 95% CI -12.15 to -0.96) or sexual function (beta=-.12; P=.97; 95% CI -7.05 to -6.81). Participants in the intervention and control groups did not differ in physical activity (odds ratio 1.16, 95% CI 0.71-1.89; P=.57) or pelvic floor muscle exercises (odds ratio 1.51, 95% CI 0.86-2.66; P=.15).Conclusions: ePATH did not affect postoperative side effects or self-care but reflected how this support may work in typical clinical conditions. To complement standard rehabilitation, digital self-care support must be adapted to the context and individual preferences for use and effect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
JMIR Publications, 2023
Keywords
eHealth, linear mixed model, prostatic neoplasms, radical prostatectomy, randomized controlled trial, self-care, telemedicine, mobile health, mHealth, prostate cancer, sexual dysfunction, urinary incontinence, web-based, pelvic exercise, physical activity
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing; Health and Caring Sciences, Health Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-125619 (URN)10.2196/44320 (DOI)001085999000001 ()37672332 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85174246022 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-11-15 Created: 2023-11-15 Last updated: 2024-05-07Bibliographically approved
3. Patient Experiences of Self-Care Management after Radical Prostatectomy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patient Experiences of Self-Care Management after Radical Prostatectomy
2021 (English)In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 50, article id 101894Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer form in Sweden and side effects of the leading treatment, radical prostatectomy, include urinary leakage and erectile dysfunction. Patients are recommended to perform self-care to reduce side effects, but their experiences of performing self-care management after radical prostatectomy are largely unexplored. The aim of this study was to deepen the understanding about patient experiences of support for managing self-care during the first six months after radical prostatectomy.

Methods: Eighteen patients were consecutively recruited six months after surgery and individual interviews were conducted. The study had a descriptive qualitative approach and inductive content analysis was used. Results: Patients described self-care management during the first half-year after surgery as a progression with growth in self-management skills through interconnected phases, from initially striving to get a grasp of the situation and find supportive relationships, to getting grounded in the new situation and taking command of the situation. At six months after surgery, patients had reached a point where they needed to maneuver feelings about long-term consequences.

Conclusions: Standardized routines ensure a certain level of care, but are sparsely adjustable to patients & rsquo; progression in self-care management. For sustained self-care behaviors, tailored and interactive support is required from multiple disciplines and peers, in order for a patient to get grounded in and take command of the situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-102060 (URN)10.1016/j.ejon.2020.101894 (DOI)000632612300012 ()33529792 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85099925161 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Kamprad Family FoundationSwedish Cancer Society
Available from: 2021-04-09 Created: 2021-04-09 Last updated: 2024-05-07Bibliographically approved

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Wennerberg, Camilla

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